CN205093534U - Cashew nut kernel desquamation device - Google Patents

Cashew nut kernel desquamation device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN205093534U
CN205093534U CN201520800653.8U CN201520800653U CN205093534U CN 205093534 U CN205093534 U CN 205093534U CN 201520800653 U CN201520800653 U CN 201520800653U CN 205093534 U CN205093534 U CN 205093534U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
cashew nut
cylinder
nut kernel
kernel
rotating shaft
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
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CN201520800653.8U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
崔红利
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Individual
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Individual
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Priority to CN201520800653.8U priority Critical patent/CN205093534U/en
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Publication of CN205093534U publication Critical patent/CN205093534U/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

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Abstract

The utility model discloses a cashew nut kernel desquamation device belongs to cashew nut production and processing equipment field, the mechanism is got rid of with the continuous peel of discharge end that the rejuvenator constructs to the rejuvenator structure and the pan feeding end that include the frame, set up in the frame, and its key lies in: the rejuvenator constructs including setting up cylinder in the frame, having rotational degree of freedom's pivot and set up at the epaxial steel brush of commentaries on classics in the cylinder with the help of changeing shaft drive. The utility model discloses an useful technological effect is: the cashew nut kernel breaks the skin at roller bottom with the steel brush friction, and the cashew nut kernel has great removal space, can effectively prevent at the broken probability of broken skin in -process cashew nut kernel, the pivot is eccentric settings, cylinder and pivot relative rotation in the cylinder, has increased cashew nut kernel and steel brush collision and friction's number of times and has increased the cashew nut kernel and cylinder frictional force within a definite time, and broken skin efficiency has had further promotion, whole device simple structure is practical, have very high broken skin efficiency.

Description

Cashew nut kernel dejacketer
Technical field
The utility model belongs to Cashew Production process equipment field, is specially a kind of device of efficient removal cashew nut kernel skin.
Background technology
Cashew nut originates from the torrid zone, is the food be loved by the people.The operations such as the process of manufacture of cashew nut mainly comprises classification, boiling, opens shell, screening, kernel decortication.Wherein cashew nut kernel decortication is one of most important operation in whole operation.
In prior art, the general tribology principle that adopts is peeled to the carrying out of cashew nut kernel.Authorization Notice No. is that the Chinese utility model patent of CN203841069U discloses a kind of cashew nut kernel peeling machine.It is provided with multiple broken skin tooth at cylinder near the external peripheral surface of described charging aperture, and inside work cell body, corresponding described broken skin tooth is provided with multiple elastomer, leaves the space passed through for cashew nut kernel, thus form automatic broken skin unit between elastomer and described broken skin tooth; Cylinder is provided with friction pad near the external peripheral surface of described discharging opening, the described work nest body that friction pad is corresponding divides and is provided with valve, and the space worked between cell body and cylinder is provided with multiple buffer body, buffer body is connected with the both sides of described work cell body, the spacing moved through for kernel is all left with the work top of cell body and friction pad, the valve air compressor external with work nest is connected by pipeline, thus forms decortication unit; After cashew nut decortication, pericarp is collected through pipeline by inhaling skin cinder notch.Move in the movable passageway of cashew nut kernel above cylinder in above-mentioned patent, and drum rotating is peeled to cashew nut kernel friction to make the elastomer be arranged on cylinder, because cylinder is assembled to the side that a sideway swivel can cause cashew nut kernel more and more narrower and small to space, the elastomer with larger frictional force can make the cashew nut kernel of gathering mutually collide to cause kernel broken, reduces the percentage of head rice of kernel and the value of cashew nut kernel.
Therefore be necessary to design a kind of cashew nut kernel dejacketer effectively can avoiding broken fruit.
Summary of the invention
Problem to be solved in the utility model is to provide a kind of cashew nut kernel dejacketer, rotating shaft is eccentric setting in cylinder, by the wire brush in the relative rotation of cylinder and rotating shaft and rotating shaft to the friction between the friction of cashew nut kernel, cashew nut kernel and the friction between cashew nut kernel and cylinder, improve the efficiency of cashew nut kernel broken skin, reduce the percentage of damage of cashew nut kernel in exfoliating process.
For solving the problems of the technologies described above, the technical solution adopted in the utility model is: a kind of cashew nut kernel dejacketer, comprise frame, be arranged on the pericarp removal mechanism that broken skin mechanism in frame and feeding end be connected with the discharge end of broken skin mechanism, key is: described broken skin mechanism comprises the cylinder be arranged in frame, the rotating shaft in cylinder by rotating shaft drive unit with rotary freedom and the wire brush be arranged in rotating shaft.
Further, described wire brush is included in the steel wire that rotating shaft outer surface is evenly arranged, and the free end that steel wire contacts with cashew nut kernel is in the ρ shape seamlessly transitted or b shape.
Further, rotating shaft is eccentrically set in cylinder.
Further, described cylinder is rubber tube.
Further, described cylinder is provided with the steel cylinder of pericarp by groove.
Further, pericarp collection bucket is set in the below of cylinder.
Further, described cylinder has the free degree that rotate relative to rotating shaft by rotating driving device.
Further, drum-inclined is arranged in frame, and the height of feeding end is higher than the height of discharge end.
Further, pericarp removal mechanism comprise peeling chamber, be arranged on peeling chamber bottom the valve be communicated with air compressor, be arranged on the suction skin mouth be communicated with blower fan removing the peel top of chamber.
Further, kernel screening plant is provided with at the discharge end of pericarp removal mechanism.
Advantageous Effects of the present utility model is: cashew nut kernel to rub broken skin in cylinder bottom and wire brush, and cashew nut kernel has larger mobile space, effectively can prevent the probability of cashew nut kernel fragmentation in broken skin process; Rotating shaft in cylinder eccentric setting, cylinder is relative with rotating shaft rotates, the number of times adding cashew nut kernel and wire brush collision friction and the frictional force increased between cashew nut kernel and cylinder, broken skin efficiency has had further lifting; Whole apparatus structure is simple and practical, have very high broken skin efficiency.
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, the utility model is described in detail.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of embodiment one in the utility model cashew nut kernel dejacketer;
Fig. 2 is the structural representation of embodiment two in the utility model cashew nut kernel dejacketer;
Fig. 3 is the structural representation that rotating shaft and wire brush are arranged in cylinder;
The structural representation that Fig. 4 wire brush is arranged in rotating shaft.
In the accompanying drawings: 1 is frame, 2 is cylinders, and 2-1 is that pericarp passes through groove, 3 is rotating shafts, and 4 is wire brushes, and 5 is pericarp collection buckets, 6 is peeling chambeies, 7 is rotating shaft drive units, and 8 is rotating driving devices, and 9 is support rollers, 10 is location-plates, 11 is positioning rollers, and arrow A represents the direction of rotation of rotating shaft, the direction of rotation of represented by arrow B cylinder.
Detailed description of the invention
Embodiment one: see accompanying drawing 1 and 3, the utility model provides a kind of cashew nut kernel dejacketer, comprise frame 1, be arranged on the pericarp removal mechanism that broken skin mechanism in frame 1 and feeding end be connected with the discharge end of broken skin mechanism, its key is: broken skin mechanism comprises the cylinder 2 be arranged in frame 1, the rotating shaft 3 in cylinder 2 by rotating shaft drive unit 7 with rotary freedom and the wire brush 4 be arranged in rotating shaft 3.The two ends of rotating shaft 3 are connected with frame 1 by bearing block, and rotating shaft drive unit 7 is fixed on the motor in frame 1, and the intermediate transmission between motor and rotating shaft 3 can adopt the mode such as belt transmission, sprocket wheel chain drive.
Coaxially can be arranged in cylinder 2 see accompanying drawing 3 rotating shaft 3, also can rotating shaft 3 be eccentrically set in cylinder 2.Rotating shaft 3 is eccentrically set in cylinder 2 and makes rotating shaft 3 and cylinder 2 side apart from each other have larger space, and the cashew nut kernel amount entered in this space can be made like this to have increase by a relatively large margin, and broken skin effect also has lifting to a great extent simultaneously.Rotating shaft 3 rotarily drives wire brush 4 along the direction shown in arrow A and contacts with cashew nut kernel under the effect of drive unit 7, cashew nut kernel and rub between wire brush 4 and cylinder 2, rubbing between cashew nut kernel and cashew nut kernel makes cashew nut kernel broken skin.
Cylinder 2 is inclined in frame 1, and the height of feeding end is higher than the height of discharge end.Cashew nut kernel enters from the feeding end of cylinder 2 and moves from trend discharge end by gravity.Be provided with support roller 9 at the two ends of cylinder 2, facilitate the rotation of cylinder 2.For further positioning rolls 2, cylinder 2 is also provided with the location-plate 10 of annular, in frame 1, the both sides of location-plate 10 are provided with positioning roller 11 respectively.
Cylinder 2 has the free degree that rotate (direction along arrow B shown in) relative to rotating shaft 3 by rotating driving device 8.Arranging like this can make cashew nut kernel move to the eccentric side of rotating shaft, and wire brush 4 can be made to contact more fully with cylinder 2 with cashew nut kernel, cashew nut kernel, increases friction probability and frequency, promotes broken skin effect further.In the specific implementation, rotating driving device 8 is fixed on the drive motors in frame 1, and the output of drive motors secures belt pulley, between cylinder 2 and belt pulley, be provided with driving belt.Drive motors drives belt pulley to rotate and then drives cylinder 2 to rotate by driving belt.
Pericarp removal mechanism comprise peeling chamber 6, be arranged on peeling chamber 6 bottom the valve be communicated with air compressor, be arranged on the suction skin mouth be communicated with blower fan removing the peel top, chamber 6.Cashew nut kernel after cylinder 2 broken skin and pericarp enter in peeling chamber 6 together, and the pericarp sticked on cashew nut kernel is blown away by the gases at high pressure that the valve be communicated with air compressor sprays, and pericarp is by being collected by corresponding gathering-device to the suction skin mouth that blower fan is communicated with.Kernel screening plant is provided with, to filter out broken kernel at the discharge end of pericarp removal mechanism.
Specific works process of the present utility model is as follows: the rotating driving device 8 starting rotating shaft drive unit 7 and cylinder 2, in cylinder 2, the cashew nut kernel after humidification is evenly added by cashew nut kernel conveying device, move to the discharge end of cylinder 2 under gravity because cylinder 2 is obliquely installed cashew nut kernel, in moving process, the wire brush 4 in rotating shaft 3 and cashew nut kernel collision friction are to cashew nut kernel broken skin.Cylinder 2 is relative with rotating shaft 3 to be rotated, and forces cashew nut kernel to move to the side of the rotating shaft 3 of eccentric setting, strengthens wire brush 4 and cashew nut kernel collision friction dynamics, also increases the frictional force of cashew nut kernel and cylinder 2 inwall at the same time, be more convenient to cashew nut kernel broken skin.
Cashew nut kernel enters pericarp removal mechanism from the discharge end of cylinder 2 after broken skin, from the gases at high pressure of valve ejection, by cashew nut kernel mutual collision friction and under gases at high pressure effect, the pericarp still sticked on cashew nut kernel and kernel departed from and through inhaling skin mouth, pericarp removed in peeling chamber 6.Last cashew nut kernel of having peeled shifts out from pericarp removal mechanism discharge end and collects.
Embodiment two: see accompanying drawing 2 is be provided with pericarp by the steel cylinder of groove 2-1 to arrange pericarp collection bucket 5 in the below of cylinder 2 with embodiment one unlike, cylinder 2.By groove 2-1 by arranging pericarp can in time the pericarp produced in cylinder 2 be removed in time and collect through pericarp collection bucket 5.Alleviate the working strength of pericarp removal mechanism, improve the cleanliness factor of the rear cashew nut kernel of final peeling.
In above-described embodiment, see accompanying drawing 3 and 4, wire brush 4 is steel wires that the outer surface being positioned at the part of cylinder 2 in rotating shaft 3 is evenly arranged, and the free end contacted with cashew nut kernel is in the ρ shape seamlessly transitted or b shape.During rotating shaft 3 High Rotation Speed, pericarp can be torn an opening fast when the free end of ρ shape or b shape contacts with cashew nut kernel, pericarp through contact cashew nut kernel repeatedly has multiple opening, and by the friction between cashew nut kernel, friction between cashew nut kernel and cylinder 2, by pericarp efficiently and kernel break.
In order to the frictional force between enlarged waist kernel and cylinder 2, cylinder 2 can also be rubber tube.

Claims (10)

1. a cashew nut kernel dejacketer, comprise frame (1), be arranged on the pericarp removal mechanism that broken skin mechanism in frame (1) and feeding end be connected with the discharge end of broken skin mechanism, it is characterized in that: described broken skin mechanism comprises the cylinder (2) be arranged in frame (1), the rotating shaft (3) in cylinder (2) by rotating shaft drive unit (7) with rotary freedom and the wire brush (4) be arranged in rotating shaft (3).
2. cashew nut kernel dejacketer according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described wire brush (4) is included in the steel wire that rotating shaft (3) outer surface is evenly arranged, and the free end that steel wire contacts with cashew nut kernel is in the ρ shape seamlessly transitted or b shape.
3. cashew nut kernel dejacketer according to claim 1, is characterized in that: rotating shaft (3) is eccentrically set in cylinder (2).
4. cashew nut kernel dejacketer according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described cylinder (2) is rubber tube.
5. cashew nut kernel dejacketer according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described cylinder (2) is provided with the steel cylinder of pericarp by groove (2-1).
6. cashew nut kernel dejacketer according to claim 5, is characterized in that: arrange pericarp collection bucket (5) in the below of cylinder (2).
7. the cashew nut kernel dejacketer according to any one of claim 1-6, is characterized in that: described cylinder (2) has the free degree that rotate relative to rotating shaft (3) by rotating driving device (8).
8. the cashew nut kernel dejacketer according to any one of claim 1-6, is characterized in that: cylinder (2) is inclined in frame (1), and the height of feeding end is higher than the height of discharge end.
9. the cashew nut kernel dejacketer according to any one of claim 1-6, is characterized in that: pericarp removal mechanism comprises peeling chamber (6), is arranged on the valve be communicated with air compressor of peeling chamber (6) bottom, is arranged on the suction skin mouth be communicated with blower fan removing the peel chamber (6) top.
10. cashew nut kernel dejacketer according to claim 9, is characterized in that: be provided with kernel screening plant at the discharge end of pericarp removal mechanism.
CN201520800653.8U 2015-10-13 2015-10-13 Cashew nut kernel desquamation device Expired - Fee Related CN205093534U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201520800653.8U CN205093534U (en) 2015-10-13 2015-10-13 Cashew nut kernel desquamation device

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201520800653.8U CN205093534U (en) 2015-10-13 2015-10-13 Cashew nut kernel desquamation device

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN205093534U true CN205093534U (en) 2016-03-23

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201520800653.8U Expired - Fee Related CN205093534U (en) 2015-10-13 2015-10-13 Cashew nut kernel desquamation device

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CN (1) CN205093534U (en)

Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107983653A (en) * 2017-11-07 2018-05-04 宋兴国 The descaling machine of pericarp in a kind of removing tea seed
CN109907333A (en) * 2019-04-02 2019-06-21 中国热带农业科学院农产品加工研究所 A kind of cashew nut duds device
CN110583244A (en) * 2019-09-06 2019-12-20 江西省农业机械研究所 Fresh lotus seedpod shelling machine
CN113841910A (en) * 2021-09-17 2021-12-28 程小萌 Peanut kernel peeling device
CN114468317A (en) * 2022-03-09 2022-05-13 青岛纳森农业科技有限公司 Cashew nut kernel peeling system
CN115104740A (en) * 2022-06-27 2022-09-27 浙大宁波理工学院 Pecan shell breaking assembly
CN115153048A (en) * 2022-08-05 2022-10-11 河北华岱农业科技有限公司 Cashew nut peeling equipment and process

Cited By (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107983653A (en) * 2017-11-07 2018-05-04 宋兴国 The descaling machine of pericarp in a kind of removing tea seed
CN107983653B (en) * 2017-11-07 2024-02-09 宋兴国 Cleaning machine for removing tea seed mesocarp
CN109907333A (en) * 2019-04-02 2019-06-21 中国热带农业科学院农产品加工研究所 A kind of cashew nut duds device
CN110583244A (en) * 2019-09-06 2019-12-20 江西省农业机械研究所 Fresh lotus seedpod shelling machine
CN113841910A (en) * 2021-09-17 2021-12-28 程小萌 Peanut kernel peeling device
CN113841910B (en) * 2021-09-17 2023-08-18 江西新味觉食品有限公司 Peanut peeling device
CN114468317A (en) * 2022-03-09 2022-05-13 青岛纳森农业科技有限公司 Cashew nut kernel peeling system
CN115104740A (en) * 2022-06-27 2022-09-27 浙大宁波理工学院 Pecan shell breaking assembly
CN115153048A (en) * 2022-08-05 2022-10-11 河北华岱农业科技有限公司 Cashew nut peeling equipment and process

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C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20160323

Termination date: 20201013

CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee