CN202407019U - Camellia fruit husking machine - Google Patents

Camellia fruit husking machine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN202407019U
CN202407019U CN2011205307018U CN201120530701U CN202407019U CN 202407019 U CN202407019 U CN 202407019U CN 2011205307018 U CN2011205307018 U CN 2011205307018U CN 201120530701 U CN201120530701 U CN 201120530701U CN 202407019 U CN202407019 U CN 202407019U
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
impeller
centrifugal
camellia fruit
turning cylinder
centrifugal chamber
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN2011205307018U
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
谢文淼
余旭东
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
HUBEI EVER SPRING CAMELLIA OIL CO Ltd
Original Assignee
HUBEI EVER SPRING CAMELLIA OIL CO Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by HUBEI EVER SPRING CAMELLIA OIL CO Ltd filed Critical HUBEI EVER SPRING CAMELLIA OIL CO Ltd
Priority to CN2011205307018U priority Critical patent/CN202407019U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN202407019U publication Critical patent/CN202407019U/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current

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Abstract

The utility model provides a camellia fruit husking machine. The camellia fruit husking machine at least comprises a roll-in device, an eccentric device, a screening device and a power device, which are installed on a rack; the roll-in device is arranged between a material inlet of the husking machine and an inlet of the eccentric device; the eccentric device at least comprises a rotary shaft, an impeller and an eccentric chamber; the impeller is sleeved on the rotary shaft, and the impeller and the rotary shaft are connected through a bond; a transmission device is arranged between the rotary shaft and the power device; the impeller and the rotary shaft are installed inside the eccentric chamber together and can rotate in the eccentric chamber; the rotary shaft deviates from one side of below the eccentric chamber, close to the inlet; the rotation track of vanes on the impeller is tangent to the inner wall of the eccentric chamber; an outlet is arranged at one side at the bottom of the eccentric chamber, far away from the inlet; and the screening device is arranged below the outlet. The husking machine is not only simple in structure, convenient to use, but also stable in work and high in husking efficiency, and can not damage tea seeds.

Description

A kind of camellia fruit decorticator
Technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of decorticator, is specially a kind of camellia fruit decorticator automatically, can the duricrust on camellia fruit surface be removed.
Background technology
Camellia really is the distinctive woody oil resource of China, and the aliphatic acid in the tea oil is formed similar with olive oil, have laudatory titles such as " east olive oil ", " king in the oil ", " gold liquid ".Contain the needed by human monounsaturated fatty acids in the camellia oil up to 90%; Be rich in vitamin E, Tea Polyphenols, camellin, tsubakisaponin; And element and anti-oxidant VE and squalenes such as calcium, iron, zinc, be a kind of xylophyta oil that edibility, pharmaceutical value and health care are worth that possesses simultaneously.
After treated the splitting of bright camellia fruit of plucking, must remove shell and obtain the camellia fruit.Conventional method is hand breaking and hand-sorted, needs the manual work of labor, incompatibility large-scale production.Present minority decorticator on probation, fragmentation and separating effect are poor, still need certain hand breaking and by-election.Therefore developing the high and effective camellia fruit decorticator that is applicable to that the scale of man of camellia oil smelter is produced of a kind of efficient is a problem being badly in need of solution.
Summary of the invention
The utility model provides a kind of camellia fruit decorticator, has solved shortcoming of the prior art, its working stability, and peeling efficiency is high, and shelling is clean, can not damage the tea seed simultaneously.
Realize that the technical scheme that the utility model above-mentioned purpose is adopted is:
A kind of camellia fruit decorticator; At least comprise the rolling device, centrifugal device, screening device and the power set that are installed on the frame; Described rolling device is between the inlet of the charging aperture of decorticator and centrifugal device, and centrifugal device comprises turning cylinder, impeller and centrifugal chamber at least, and impeller set is loaded on the turning cylinder and connects through key between the two; Be provided with transmission device between turning cylinder and the power set; Impeller and turning cylinder are installed in the centrifugal chamber jointly and can in centrifugal chamber, rotate, and the below of turning cylinder deflection centrifugal chamber is near a side of inlet, and the inwall of the rotary motion trace of vane and centrifugal chamber is tangent on the impeller; The bottom of centrifugal chamber is provided with outlet away from a side of inlet; The below of outlet is provided with the screening device, the screening device comprise connecting rod, moving runner at least and under connecting rod and moving runner drive reciprocating screen cloth, the below of screen cloth is a discharging opening.
Described rolling device comprises small one and large one two pressure rollers of front and back that are installed on the frame, and two pressure rollers of size lean on middle drive to drive, and rotate with identical direction.
The centrifugal chamber inwall of described centrifugal device is provided with rubber slab.
One end of the connecting rod on the described screening device is hinged on the moving runner, and the knee of the other end of connecting rod and screen cloth below is hinged.
Be equipped with belt transmission between described power set and turning cylinder, drive and the moving runner.
The camellia fruit decorticator that the utility model provides has following advantage: 1, shelling efficient is high, adapts to large-scale industrial production; 2, shelling is effective, and shell-containing rate is less than 5% in the tea seed, and the tea seed does not have breakage; 3, working stability.
Description of drawings
The structural representation of the camellia fruit decorticator that Fig. 1 provides for the utility model;
Among the figure: 1-charging aperture, 2-drive, 3-pressure roller, 4-belt, 5-centrifugal chamber, 6-rubber slab, 7-impeller, 8-vane, 9-turning cylinder, 10-power set, 11-screen cloth, 12-moving runner, 13-connecting rod, 14-discharging opening.
The specific embodiment
The utility model is done bright in detail specifically below in conjunction with accompanying drawing.
The structure of the camellia fruit decorticator that the utility model provides is as shown in Figure 1, is made up of rolling device, centrifugal device, screening device, power set and support, and each device all is fixedly installed on the frame.Wherein the camellia fruit is got into by charging aperture 1 place, and through obtaining the tea seed after rolling device, centrifugal device, the screening apparatus processes, the tea seed is discharged by discharging opening 14 successively.Described rolling device is between the inlet of the charging aperture 1 of decorticator and centrifugal device; Comprise small one and large one two pressure rollers 3 that are installed on the frame; Large pressuring roller is preceding, air bells removing roll after, be provided with drive 2 between two pressure rollers 3 of size; Drive 2 drives two pressure rollers 3 and rotates according to identical direction, passes through belt 4 transmissions between drive 2 and the power set 10.
Centrifugal device is made up of turning cylinder 9, impeller 7 and centrifugal chamber 5; Impeller 7 is set on the turning cylinder 9 and connects through key between the two; Be provided with transmission device between turning cylinder 9 and the power set 10; Described transmission device is a belt, and impeller 7 is installed in the centrifugal chamber 5 jointly with turning cylinder 9 and can in centrifugal chamber 5, rotates, and turning cylinder 9 is positioned at the side of the below of centrifugal chamber 5 near inlet; The rotary motion trace of the vane 8 on the impeller 7 and the inwall of centrifugal chamber 5 are tangent, prevent that the camellia fruit from directly sliding to the outlet of centrifugal chamber.The bottom of centrifugal chamber 5 is provided with outlet away from a side of inlet, and the inwall of centrifugal chamber 5 is provided with rubber slab 6.
The outlet of centrifugal chamber 5 below is the screening device, the screening dress comprise connecting rod 13, moving runner 12 and under connecting rod and moving runner drive reciprocating screen cloth 11, screen cloth is equipped with roller 11 times.One end of connecting rod 13 is hinged on the moving runner 12, and the knee of the other end of connecting rod 13 and screen cloth 11 belows is hinged.Pass through belt transmission between moving runner 12 and the power set.
The operation principle of the camellia fruit decorticator that the utility model provides is as follows: because the oil tea fruit is not of uniform size; When these oil teas not of uniform size really advanced press-roller device; Thereby what stature was bigger is broken duricrust by the large pressuring roller extruding, thereby less being pushed by the air bells removing roll of back of stature broken duricrust.Handle the back through rolling device and get in the centrifugal device, because the centrifugal device in the utility model adopts eccentric wheel, so the camellia fruit is under the drive of vane, collision back and forth between the inwall of centrifugal chamber and vane, thus the duricrust after will breaking is taken off.Inwall owing to centrifugal chamber is provided with rubber slab again, so the tea seed can not be damaged in bump.Camellia after centrifugal device is handled really falls on the screen device, and screen cloth moves back and forth under the drive of moving runner and connecting rod and knee, and the tea seed passes screen cloth and falls on the discharging opening, is discharged by discharging opening.
The camellia fruit decorticator that the utility model provides is not only simple in structure, easy to use, and working stability, and hulling rate is high, and can not cause damage to the tea seed.

Claims (5)

1. camellia fruit decorticator; It is characterized in that: comprise the rolling device, centrifugal device, screening device and the power set that are installed on the frame at least; Described rolling device is between the inlet of the charging aperture of decorticator and centrifugal device, and centrifugal device comprises turning cylinder, impeller and centrifugal chamber at least, and impeller set is loaded on the turning cylinder and connects through key between the two; Be provided with transmission device between turning cylinder and the power set; Impeller and turning cylinder are installed in the centrifugal chamber jointly and can in centrifugal chamber, rotate, and the below of turning cylinder deflection centrifugal chamber is near a side of inlet, and the inwall of the rotary motion trace of vane and centrifugal chamber is tangent on the impeller; The bottom of centrifugal chamber is provided with outlet away from a side of inlet; The below of outlet is provided with the screening device, the screening device comprise connecting rod, moving runner at least and under connecting rod and moving runner drive reciprocating screen cloth, the below of screen cloth is a discharging opening.
2. camellia fruit decorticator according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described rolling device comprises small one and large one two pressure rollers of front and back that are installed on the frame, two pressure rollers of size lean on middle drive to drive, and rotate with identical direction.
3. camellia fruit decorticator according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: the centrifugal chamber inwall of described centrifugal device is provided with rubber slab.
4. camellia fruit decorticator according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: an end of the connecting rod on the described screening device is hinged on the moving runner, and the knee of the other end of connecting rod and screen cloth below is hinged.
5. camellia fruit decorticator according to claim 1 and 2 is characterized in that: be equipped with belt transmission between described power set and turning cylinder, drive and the moving runner.
CN2011205307018U 2011-12-16 2011-12-16 Camellia fruit husking machine Expired - Fee Related CN202407019U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2011205307018U CN202407019U (en) 2011-12-16 2011-12-16 Camellia fruit husking machine

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2011205307018U CN202407019U (en) 2011-12-16 2011-12-16 Camellia fruit husking machine

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN202407019U true CN202407019U (en) 2012-09-05

Family

ID=46731816

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN2011205307018U Expired - Fee Related CN202407019U (en) 2011-12-16 2011-12-16 Camellia fruit husking machine

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN202407019U (en)

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104207306A (en) * 2014-09-11 2014-12-17 广西大学 Hulling roller knife of Chinese chestnut automatic huller
CN107048428A (en) * 2017-04-14 2017-08-18 占行波 A kind of shelling mechanism of tea fruit decorticator
CN107647422A (en) * 2017-11-28 2018-02-02 耒阳市金鑫农业科技发展有限公司 A kind of camellia oleifera fruit huller

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104207306A (en) * 2014-09-11 2014-12-17 广西大学 Hulling roller knife of Chinese chestnut automatic huller
CN107048428A (en) * 2017-04-14 2017-08-18 占行波 A kind of shelling mechanism of tea fruit decorticator
CN107647422A (en) * 2017-11-28 2018-02-02 耒阳市金鑫农业科技发展有限公司 A kind of camellia oleifera fruit huller

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C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20120905

Termination date: 20161216