CN104798549A - Multifunctional grain separating and screening machine - Google Patents

Multifunctional grain separating and screening machine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104798549A
CN104798549A CN201510228490.5A CN201510228490A CN104798549A CN 104798549 A CN104798549 A CN 104798549A CN 201510228490 A CN201510228490 A CN 201510228490A CN 104798549 A CN104798549 A CN 104798549A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
scraper plate
chain
separating cleaning
loading bay
feeding
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201510228490.5A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
杨成达
刘寿财
陈恩祥
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Minqin County Cheng Dashun Circle Farm Machinery Manufacturing Co Ltd
Original Assignee
Minqin County Cheng Dashun Circle Farm Machinery Manufacturing Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Minqin County Cheng Dashun Circle Farm Machinery Manufacturing Co Ltd filed Critical Minqin County Cheng Dashun Circle Farm Machinery Manufacturing Co Ltd
Priority to CN201510228490.5A priority Critical patent/CN104798549A/en
Publication of CN104798549A publication Critical patent/CN104798549A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Abstract

The invention discloses a multifunctional grain separating and screening machine, which is used for separating, screening and lifting corn ears, sunflower heads and the like. The multifunctional grain separating and screening machine comprises a feeding mechanism, a conveying mechanism and a separating and screening mechanism, wherein the conveying mechanism comprises a conveying belt, a box body and rolling shafts; the rolling shafts are arranged at the two ends of the box body; the conveying belt is positioned on the rolling shafts; the feeding mechanism comprises a feeding table machine frame, a feeding table, an auger and a stalk cutting opening; the feeding table is arranged on the feeding table machine frame; the stalk cutting opening and the auger are respectively arranged at the two ends of the feeding table; scraper transmission wheels and scraper driving wheels are arranged on the feeding table, and are respectively connected by a scraper transmission chain; a scraper driving shaft of each scraper driving wheel is coaxially connected with a transition wheel; an oil cylinder is arranged on the feeding table machine frame; the feeding table is lifted around the auger under the action of the oil cylinder. The multifunctional grain separating and screening machine is used for separating, screening and lifting corn ears, sunflower heads and the like, and is also used for cutting, conveying, separating and screening the vertical stalks of sunflower in field.

Description

Multifunctional grain separating cleaning machine
Technical field
The invention belongs to agricultural mechanical field, be specifically related to a kind of grain separating cleaning machine.
Background technology
Existing grain separating cleaning machine is by hand fed, and labour intensity is large.Job area is few, and automaticity is low, can not carry out vertical stalk cutting, be separated, clean operation in field to the sunflower of maturation.After cleaning, a material does not promote simultaneously, is unfavorable for entrucking or pack.
Summary of the invention
The object of this invention is to provide a kind of multifunctional grain separating cleaning machine corn ear, the first-class raw material of sunflower being separated, screening, promote operation.
Technical solution of the present invention is as follows: a kind of multifunctional grain separating cleaning machine, comprise feeding mechanism, conveying mechanism, separating cleaning mechanism, conveying mechanism comprises conveyer belt, casing, roller bearing, the two ends of casing are provided with roller bearing, conveyer belt is positioned on roller bearing, feeding mechanism comprises loading bay frame, loading bay, screw feeder, cut stalk mouth, loading bay is located in loading bay frame, the two ends of loading bay are respectively equipped with cuts stalk mouth and screw feeder, loading bay is provided with scraper plate drive and scraper plate driving wheel, linked by scraper plate driving-chain between scraper plate drive and scraper plate driving wheel, scraper plate driving-chain is provided with at least one scraper plate, the scraper plate driving shaft of scraper plate driving wheel is coaxially connected with transition wheel, and transition wheel links with screw conveyor shaft, and loading bay frame arranges oil cylinder, and loading bay is elevated around screw conveyor shaft under oil cylinder effect.
Preferably, cut to be provided with below stalk mouth and scrape stalk screw feeder, scrape stalk screw feeder and link with scraper plate driving shaft by cutting stalk screw feeder driving-chain.
Preferably, cut stalk mouth to be provided with and to cut stalk mouth baffle plate.
Preferably, the quantity of scraper plate is 3-6.
Preferably, conveyer belt is provided with scraping blade.
Preferably, separating cleaning mechanism comprise charging housing, cylinder, layer sieve), recessed sieve, blower fan, separation transmission device, be separated transmission device and comprise fan belt, drum spindle, conveying mechanism intermediate zone drive, cylinder is provided with below charging housing, recessed sieve is provided with below cylinder, recessed sieve below is provided with layer sieve, and fan belt links with drum spindle, and drum spindle links with conveying mechanism intermediate zone drive.
Preferably, upper shell is provided with above cylinder.
Preferably, separating cleaning mechanism is located at and hangs in frame.
Preferably, it also comprises lifting device and lifting gear, lifting device comprises charging aperture, discharging opening, promote driving-chain, the discharging opening that charging aperture sieves with layer is connected, lifting driving-chain is provided with between charging aperture and discharging opening, promote driving-chain and be provided with scraper plate, lifting gear comprises power input shaft, decelerator, deceleration transmission chain, power input shaft links with drum spindle, power input shaft is connected with decelerator, decelerator is connected with lifting power transmission shaft by deceleration transmission chain, promote power transmission shaft and be arranged on feed inlet end, promote driving-chain to be located on lifting power transmission shaft.
The present invention is designed with cutting, is separated, cleans the dual-purpose loading bay of field sunflower, and conveying mechanism, separating cleaning mechanism, lifting device, meanwhile, by oil cylinder effect, adjustable loading bay height, carries out vertical stalk cutting, conveying and separating cleaning operation to crops such as sunflowers.Conveying mechanism completes raw material by the transport of feeding mechanism to separating cleaning mechanism.Separating cleaning mechanism is by outputting material after raw material separation, screening, selection by winnowing.Lifting device will be convenient to entrucking or pack after cleaning rear grain hoisting to certain altitude.Corn ear, the charging of the first-class raw material of sunflower, separation, screening, lifting operation can be completed, also can realize the vertical stalk cutting of sunflower, conveying, separation screening operation in field.Improve facility practicality, economy.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is a kind of structural representation of grain separating cleaning machine;
Fig. 2 is loading bay oblique upper schematic diagram in a kind of grain separating cleaning machine;
Fig. 3 is loading bay tiltedly below schematic diagram in a kind of grain separating cleaning machine;
Fig. 4 is the decomposing schematic representation of conveying mechanism in a kind of grain separating cleaning machine;
Fig. 5 is a kind of structural representation of grain separating cleaning Ji Zhong separating cleaning mechanism;
Fig. 6 is a kind of front-view schematic diagram of grain separating cleaning Ji Zhong separating cleaning mechanism;
The decomposing schematic representation of a kind of grain separating cleaning of Fig. 7 Ji Zhong separating cleaning mechanism;
Fig. 8 is the structural representation of point lifting device in a kind of grain separating cleaning machine.
Illustrate: 1. feeding mechanism; 2. conveying mechanism; 3. separating cleaning mechanism; 4. lifting device; 1-1. loading bay frame; 1-2. loading bay; 1-3. screw feeder; 1-4. scraper plate; 1-5. scraper plate driving-chain; 1-6. scrapes stalk screw feeder; 1-7. cuts stalk screw feeder driving-chain; 1-8. scraper plate driving shaft; 1-9. transition wheel; 1-10. screw conveyor shaft; 1-11. oil cylinder; 1-12. cuts stalk mouth; 2-1. conveyer belt; 2-2. casing; 2-3. roller bearing; 3-1. charging housing; 3-2. upper shell; 3-3. layer sieves; 3-4. hangs frame; 3-5. blower fan; 3-6. fan belt; 3-7. bevel gear box; 3-8. drum spindle; 3-9. power input shaft; 3-10. conveying mechanism intermediate zone drive; 3-11. decelerator; 3-12. deceleration transmission chain; 3-13. lifting power transmission shaft; 3-14. cylinder; 3-15. recessed sieve; 4-1. charging aperture; 4-2. promotes driving-chain; 4-3. discharging opening; 4-4. bearing.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, the present invention will be further described in detail.
As shown in the figure, a kind of multifunctional grain separating cleaning machine, comprise feeding mechanism 1, conveying mechanism 2, separating cleaning mechanism 3, conveying mechanism 2 comprises conveyer belt 2-1, casing 2-2, roller bearing 2-3, the two ends of casing 2-2 are provided with roller bearing 2-3, conveyer belt 2-1 is positioned on roller bearing 2-3, it is characterized in that: feeding mechanism comprises loading bay frame 1-1, loading bay 1-2, screw feeder 1-3, cut stalk mouth 1-12, loading bay 1-2 is located on loading bay frame 1-1, the two ends of loading bay 1-2 are respectively equipped with cuts stalk mouth 1-12 and screw feeder 1-3, loading bay 1-2 is provided with scraper plate drive 141 and scraper plate driving wheel 142, linked by scraper plate driving-chain 1-5 between scraper plate drive 141 and scraper plate driving wheel 142, scraper plate driving-chain 1-5 is provided with at least one scraper plate 1-4, the scraper plate driving shaft 1-8 of scraper plate driving wheel 142 is coaxially connected with transition wheel 1-9, and transition wheel 1-9 links with screw conveyor shaft 1-10, loading bay frame 1-1 is arranged oil cylinder 1-11, and loading bay 1-2 is elevated around screw conveyor shaft 1-10 under oil cylinder effect.Conveyer belt 2-1 is provided with scraping blade 2-7.
When de-corn, 3 scraper plate 1-4 can be set; When de-sunflower, 6 scraper plate 1-4 can be set.
Cut to be provided with below stalk mouth 1-12 and scrape stalk screw feeder 1-6, scrape stalk screw feeder 1-6 and link with scraper plate driving shaft 1-8 by cutting stalk screw feeder driving-chain 1-7.Cut stalk mouth 1-12 to be provided with and to cut stalk mouth baffle plate, connect with dormant bolt.
Separating cleaning mechanism 3 comprises charging housing 3-1, cylinder 3-14, layer sieve 3-3, recessed sieve 3-15, blower fan 3-5, is separated transmission device, is separated transmission device and comprises fan belt 3-6, drum spindle 3-8, conveying mechanism intermediate zone drive 3-10,
Be provided with cylinder 3-14 below charging housing 3-1, be provided with recessed sieve 3-15 below cylinder 3-14, be provided with layer sieve 3-3, fan belt 3-6 below recessed sieve 3-15 and link with drum spindle 3-8, drum spindle 3-8 links with conveying mechanism intermediate zone drive 3-10.Bevel gear box 3-7 links with drum spindle 3-8, and bevel gear box 3-7 also sieves 3-3 with layer and is connected, and drives layer sieve 3-3 vibration.Upper shell 3-2 is provided with above cylinder 3-14.Separating cleaning mechanism 3 is located at hangs on frame 3-4.
A kind of multifunctional grain separating cleaning machine, also comprise lifting device 4 and lifting gear, lifting device 4 comprises charging aperture 4-1, discharging opening 4-3, promote driving-chain 4-2, the discharging opening that charging aperture 4-1 sieves 3-3 with layer is connected, be provided with between charging aperture 4-1 and discharging opening 4-3 and promote driving-chain 4-2, promote driving-chain 4-2 and be provided with scraper plate, lifting gear comprises power input shaft 3-9, decelerator 3-11, deceleration transmission chain 3-12, power input shaft 3-9 links with drum spindle 3-8, power input shaft 3-9 is connected with decelerator 3-11, decelerator 3-11 is connected with lifting power transmission shaft 3-13 by deceleration transmission chain 3-12, lifting power transmission shaft 3-13 is arranged on charging aperture 4-1 and holds, promote driving-chain 4-2 to be located on lifting power transmission shaft 3-13.
In present embodiment by more than 25 horsepowers power tractor with small four wheels as supporting power, loading bay 1-2 is fixed on tractor front bumper by loading bay frame 1-1, oil cylinder 1-11 is connected with tractor hydraulic system, by hydraulic system adjustable loading bay height.Raw material can be transported to top by front end by transition wheel 1-9, then enters conveying mechanism through screw feeder 1-3.
When working materials is the corn ear be stacked on place, sunflower head, put the baffle plate cutting stalk mouth 1-12 place, and take off and scrape stalk screw feeder 1-6, cut stalk screw feeder driving-chain 1-7, along with unit advances, raw material enters conveying mechanism 2 through the ceding of Taiwan, scraper plate 1-4, screw feeder 1-3, enters next flow chart.
When gather in, clean Mature sunflower time, take off and cut stalk mouth 1-12 place baffle plate, and installation is scraped stalk screw feeder 1-6, is cut stalk screw feeder driving-chain 1-7, adjustment loading bay height is to rational position, the position of cutting stalk mouth 1-12 and Sunflower Pole is aligned, Sunflower Pole enters and cuts in stalk mouth 1-12, sends into charging aperture, then be transported to subsequent processing through scraper plate, screw feeder after sunflower head is cut.
Conveying mechanism completes material from loading bay to the conveying operation of separating cleaning mechanism.During the operation of separating cleaning mechanism, the raw material shipped from conveying mechanism enters charging housing, after cylinder 3-14 departs from, corn ear is separated into the mixtures such as seed, pericarp, fruit core, again through recessed sieve 3-15, layer sieve 3-3 screening, blower fan 3-5 effect, particle, foreign material etc. are separated, and discharge from difference outlet.Clean rear seed to export after lifting device raising certain altitude, can entrucking or pack.Lifting device can be convenient to entrucking or pack after cleaning rear grain hoisting to certain altitude.

Claims (9)

1. a multifunctional grain separating cleaning machine, comprise feeding mechanism, conveying mechanism, separating cleaning mechanism, conveying mechanism comprises conveyer belt, casing, roller bearing, the two ends of casing are provided with roller bearing, conveyer belt is positioned on roller bearing, it is characterized in that: feeding mechanism comprises loading bay frame (1-1), loading bay (1-2), screw feeder (1-3), cut stalk mouth (1-12), loading bay (1-2) is located in loading bay frame (1-1), the two ends of loading bay (1-2) are respectively equipped with cuts stalk mouth (1-12) and screw feeder (1-3), loading bay (1-2) is provided with scraper plate drive (141) and scraper plate driving wheel (142), by scraper plate driving-chain (1-5) link between scraper plate drive (141) and scraper plate driving wheel (142), scraper plate driving-chain (1-5) is provided with at least one scraper plate (1-4), the scraper plate driving shaft (1-8) of scraper plate driving wheel (142) is coaxially connected with transition wheel (1-9), transition wheel (1-9) links with screw conveyor shaft (1-10), loading bay frame (1-1) is arranged oil cylinder (1-11), loading bay (1-2) is elevated around screw conveyor shaft (1-10) under oil cylinder effect.
2. a kind of multifunctional grain separating cleaning machine according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: cut stalk mouth (1-12) below and be provided with and scrape stalk screw feeder (1-6), scrape stalk screw feeder (1-6) and link with scraper plate driving shaft (1-8) by cutting stalk screw feeder driving-chain (1-7).
3. a kind of multifunctional grain separating cleaning machine according to claim 1 and 2, is characterized in that: cut stalk mouth (1-12) and be provided with and cut stalk mouth baffle plate.
4. a kind of multifunctional grain separating cleaning machine according to claim 3, is characterized in that: the quantity of scraper plate (1-4) is 3-6.
5. a kind of multifunctional grain separating cleaning machine according to claim 4, is characterized in that: conveyer belt (2-1) is provided with scraping blade (2-7).
6. a kind of multifunctional grain separating cleaning machine according to claim 5, it is characterized in that: separating cleaning mechanism (3) comprises charging housing (3-1), cylinder (3-14), layer sieve (3-3), recessed sieve (3-15), blower fan (3-5), be separated transmission device, be separated transmission device and comprise fan belt (3-6), drum spindle (3-8), conveying mechanism intermediate zone drive (3-10), charging housing (3-1) below is provided with cylinder (3-14), cylinder (3-14) below is provided with recessed sieve (3-15), recessed sieve (3-15) below is provided with layer sieve (3-3), fan belt (3-6) links with drum spindle (3-8), drum spindle (3-8) links with conveying mechanism intermediate zone drive (3-10).
7. a kind of multifunctional grain separating cleaning machine according to claim 6, is characterized in that: cylinder (3-14) top is provided with upper shell (3-2).
8. a kind of multifunctional grain separating cleaning machine according to claim 7, is characterized in that: separating cleaning mechanism (3) is located at hangs in frame (3-4).
9. a kind of multifunctional grain separating cleaning machine according to claim 8, it is characterized in that: it also comprises lifting device (4) and lifting gear, lifting device (4) comprises charging aperture (4-1), discharging opening (4-3), promote driving-chain (4-2), charging aperture (4-1) sieves (3-3) discharging opening with layer is connected, be provided with between charging aperture (4-1) and discharging opening (4-3) and promote driving-chain (4-2), promote driving-chain (4-2) and be provided with scraper plate, lifting gear comprises power input shaft (3-9), decelerator (3-11), deceleration transmission chain (3-12), power input shaft (3-9) links with drum spindle (3-8), power input shaft (3-9) is connected with decelerator (3-11), decelerator (3-11) is connected with lifting power transmission shaft (3-13) by deceleration transmission chain (3-12), promote power transmission shaft (3-13) and be arranged on charging aperture (4-1) end, promote driving-chain (4-2) to be located in lifting power transmission shaft (3-13).
CN201510228490.5A 2015-05-07 2015-05-07 Multifunctional grain separating and screening machine Pending CN104798549A (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201510228490.5A CN104798549A (en) 2015-05-07 2015-05-07 Multifunctional grain separating and screening machine

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201510228490.5A CN104798549A (en) 2015-05-07 2015-05-07 Multifunctional grain separating and screening machine

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Publication Number Publication Date
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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105284276A (en) * 2015-11-04 2016-02-03 李渊 Sunflower harvesting apparatus and sunflower head harvesting and shearing method
CN106856887A (en) * 2017-03-21 2017-06-20 柳州市融智科技服务有限公司 A kind of group paddy machine that paddy is dialled for agricultural production cereal
CN107135751A (en) * 2017-06-15 2017-09-08 柳州市文宇科技服务有限公司 A kind of broken fringe separator of crops grain

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
EP0670106A1 (en) * 1994-02-19 1995-09-06 MDW Mähdrescherwerke GmbH Self-propelled combine harvester
CN202276659U (en) * 2011-11-07 2012-06-20 刘洪敬 Loading device of corn thresher
CN202713972U (en) * 2012-09-07 2013-02-06 齐齐哈尔北坤农机制造有限公司 Efficient corn thresher
CN203086989U (en) * 2012-11-27 2013-07-31 山东泉林纸业有限责任公司 Multifunctional agricultural harvester
CN203435369U (en) * 2013-08-31 2014-02-19 艾麦提·吐尔逊 Harvesting and cleaning machine
CN204047243U (en) * 2014-08-15 2014-12-31 民勤县北海兴鑫农机具销售有限公司 Hopper front positioning type twin-roll sunflower threshing machine
CN204598724U (en) * 2015-05-07 2015-09-02 民勤县成达顺圆农机具制造有限公司 Multifunctional grain separating cleaning machine

Patent Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
EP0670106A1 (en) * 1994-02-19 1995-09-06 MDW Mähdrescherwerke GmbH Self-propelled combine harvester
CN202276659U (en) * 2011-11-07 2012-06-20 刘洪敬 Loading device of corn thresher
CN202713972U (en) * 2012-09-07 2013-02-06 齐齐哈尔北坤农机制造有限公司 Efficient corn thresher
CN203086989U (en) * 2012-11-27 2013-07-31 山东泉林纸业有限责任公司 Multifunctional agricultural harvester
CN203435369U (en) * 2013-08-31 2014-02-19 艾麦提·吐尔逊 Harvesting and cleaning machine
CN204047243U (en) * 2014-08-15 2014-12-31 民勤县北海兴鑫农机具销售有限公司 Hopper front positioning type twin-roll sunflower threshing machine
CN204598724U (en) * 2015-05-07 2015-09-02 民勤县成达顺圆农机具制造有限公司 Multifunctional grain separating cleaning machine

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105284276A (en) * 2015-11-04 2016-02-03 李渊 Sunflower harvesting apparatus and sunflower head harvesting and shearing method
CN106856887A (en) * 2017-03-21 2017-06-20 柳州市融智科技服务有限公司 A kind of group paddy machine that paddy is dialled for agricultural production cereal
CN107135751A (en) * 2017-06-15 2017-09-08 柳州市文宇科技服务有限公司 A kind of broken fringe separator of crops grain

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Application publication date: 20150729