CN102816021B - Special fertilizer for rape base fertilizer - Google Patents

Special fertilizer for rape base fertilizer Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102816021B
CN102816021B CN201210267493.6A CN201210267493A CN102816021B CN 102816021 B CN102816021 B CN 102816021B CN 201210267493 A CN201210267493 A CN 201210267493A CN 102816021 B CN102816021 B CN 102816021B
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China
Prior art keywords
fertilizer
rape
sulfate
trace
special fertilizer
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Expired - Fee Related
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CN201210267493.6A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN102816021A (en
Inventor
杨柳
唐旺全
杨红兵
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Rugao Yuxi Eco Agriculture Technology Co., Ltd.
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Maanshan Kebang Eco Fertilizer Co Ltd
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Publication of CN102816021B publication Critical patent/CN102816021B/en
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02WCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO WASTEWATER TREATMENT OR WASTE MANAGEMENT
    • Y02W30/00Technologies for solid waste management
    • Y02W30/40Bio-organic fraction processing; Production of fertilisers from the organic fraction of waste or refuse

Abstract

The invention discloses a special fertilizer for a rape base fertilizer. The special fertilizer is prepared by biogas residue, rape cake, decomposed coal, gelatin, biological bacteria, ammonium hydrogen carbonate, monoammonium phosphate, potassium sulfate, tea seed meal, carboxymethylcellulose, 35% of sulfuric acid, lime, ferrous sulfate, ammonium molybdate, manganese sulfate, nanocarbon, nanometer rock phosphate powder, neem bark, leaf extract and liquid paraffin according to a certain weight ratio. According to the special fertilizer, amino acid is generated by feathers after acid hydrolysis, trace elements or secondary elements are cheated, and a chelate structure of the trace elements or the secondary elements is reinforced by the carboxymethylcellulose, so that the trace elements or the secondary elements can be effectively utilized and ineffective releases of the trace elements or the secondary elements can be reduced; an inorganic slow release component and a soil improvement component, namely the gelatin and the decomposed coal, are added in a formula of the special fertilizer to improve the soil and to be beneficial to the effective release of fertilizer efficiency and full absorption of the fertilizer by the crops; biological insecticide components, namely the nanocarbon, the nanometer rock phosphate powder, the neem bark and the leaf extract, can effectively reduce pest and disease damage on the soil, are safe and pollution-free, and do not pollute an environment or the crops; and the special fertilizer has the advantages that the formula is reasonable, the nutrition is more comprehensive and balanced, the use effect is good, the utilization rate of fertilizer efficiency can be remarkably increased, the yield and the quality of rape are greatly improved, and the economic benefit of the rape is increased.

Description

Rape base fertilizer dedicated fertilizer
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of rape base fertilizer dedicated fertilizer, belong to technical field of agricultural fertilizers.
Background technology
China Shi Yige large agricultural country, chemical fertilizer and agricultural chemicals are being brought into play very important effect in agriculture production, and along with the raising of people's living standard and health perception, people pay much attention to the security of agricultural-food, and demand nuisanceless, green food is increased year by year.
Current rapeseed cultivation fertilizer type used is a lot, and wherein fertilizer special for cole adopts the NPK composite fertilizer that can buy on market mostly, and mainly by N, P, K tri-, large inorganic elements forms for it, can meet at short notice the growth needs of rape.But life-time service can make soil aggregate be destroyed, easily cause soil compaction, soil property hardening, thereby affect growth of rape, not obvious to growth of rape promoter action.Though simple fertilizer is rich in organic matter simultaneously, nutrient discharges slowly, and Absorption of Rape is slow, fertilizer efficiency is low, between various available nutrient, does not reach active balance.
Rape prevention and elimination of disease and pests is at present mainly to use chemicals and poisonous agricultural chemicals through mix and blend, be manured into soil or farm crop on, life-time service year in year out, a large amount of agricultural chemicals and chemical fertilizer, cause insect to produce resistance, soil compaction, pollutes water source soil and farm crop, agricultural product quality declines, and pesticide residue exceed standard and have a strong impact on people's physical and mental health and China's rape in the competitive power of world market.
Therefore the Biocidal rape base fertilizer dedicated fertilizer of, developing a kind of brand-new pure plant type is the task of top priority.
Summary of the invention
For addressing the above problem, the invention provides a kind of rape base fertilizer dedicated fertilizer, fertilizer, inorganic fertilizer, middle trace element and Biocidal composition are combined, formula rationally, nutrition more comprehensively, equilibrium, result of use is good, thereby improves the yield and quality of rape.
The technical scheme that this programme is taked is as follows:
Rape base fertilizer dedicated fertilizer, it is characterized in that, by the raw material of following weight part, made: natural pond slag 30-40, dregs of rapeseed cake 20-30, weathered coal 5-10, gelatin 5-10, biological bacteria 4-8, bicarbonate of ammonia 20-25, monoammonium phosphate 20-25, potassium sulfate 5-8, leached tea oil slag 15-20, carboxymethyl cellulose 4-6,30% sulfuric acid 20-25, lime are appropriate, ferrous sulfate 1-2, ammonium molybdate 1-2, manganous sulfate 1-2, nano-sized carbon 2-5, nanometer rock phosphate powder 2-5, bark of Melia azedarach L., leaf extract 2-5, whiteruss 30-40.Described biological bacteria is ferment mushroom.
The preparation method of rape base fertilizer dedicated fertilizer, is characterized in that comprising the following steps:
(1) first leached tea oil slag is added in 30% sulfuric acid, at 100-110 ℃, be hydrolyzed 1-2 hour, generate amino acid, then add lime and be neutralized to pH value 6.0-6.8, add again carboxymethyl cellulose, finally add ferrous sulfate, ammonium molybdate, manganous sulfate to dissolve, at 90-105 ℃ of reaction 5-6 hour, generate micro-, the middle fertilizer liquid of chelating amino acids;
(2) adopt compost fermentation, get natural pond slag, dregs of rapeseed cake adds biological bacteria, mixes rear heap fermentation, once, fermentation time is 30-40 days in turning in 5-10 days, is covered with a large amount of white hyphas and obtains the fertilizer completely that ferments in heap, stand-by;
(3) by bicarbonate of ammonia, monoammonium phosphate, potassium sulfate co-grinding, mix, pulverize with inorganic slowly-releasing composition gelatin, soil improvement composition weathered coal, cross 100-200 mesh sieve and obtain NPK mixed fertilizer;
(4) fertilizer completely that ferments in (2) is mixed with nano-sized carbon, nanometer rock phosphate powder, bark of Melia azedarach L., leaf extract with the NPK mixed fertilizer of (3) middle gained, then spray into micro-, the middle fertilizer liquid of chelating amino acids and carry out granulation, last spraying liquid paraffin coating obtains rape base fertilizer dedicated fertilizer.
The present invention has following beneficial effect:
1, the present invention adopts acid hydrolysis leached tea oil slag to generate amino acid, and then centering, trace element carry out chelating, and carboxymethyl cellulose has increased its chelate structure, in being conducive to, trace element effectively utilizes, in having reduced, the invalid release of trace element;
2, in the present invention's formula, increased inorganic slowly-releasing composition gelatin and soil improvement composition weathered coal, can improve soil, the effective release, the crop that are conducive to fertilizer efficiency fully absorb; Biocidal composition bark of Melia azedarach L., leaf extract can effectively reduce soil disease and pest, and safety nuisance free is pollution-free to environment and farm crop; Nano-sized carbon, nanometer rock phosphate powder can play slowly-releasing fertilizer efficiency, improve the effect of Soil structure.
The present invention fills a prescription rationally, nutrition more comprehensively, equilibrium, result of use is good, can obviously improve fertilizer efficiency utilization ratio, the yield and quality of rape improves greatly, thereby improves the economic benefit of rape.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with embodiment, the present invention is described in further details.
Embodiment
Rape base fertilizer dedicated fertilizer is made by the raw material of following weight part: natural pond slag 35, dregs of rapeseed cake 25, weathered coal 8, gelatin 8, biological bacteria 6, bicarbonate of ammonia 22, monoammonium phosphate 20, potassium sulfate 8, leached tea oil slag 20, carboxymethyl cellulose 6,30% sulfuric acid 25, lime are appropriate, ferrous sulfate 2, ammonium molybdate 1, manganous sulfate 1, nano-sized carbon 4, nanometer rock phosphate powder 4, bark of Melia azedarach L., leaf extract 4, whiteruss 35.Described biological bacteria is ferment mushroom.
The preparation method of rape base fertilizer dedicated fertilizer, is characterized in that comprising the following steps:
(1) first leached tea oil slag is added in 30% sulfuric acid, at 100-110 ℃, be hydrolyzed 1-2 hour, generate amino acid, then add lime and be neutralized to pH value 6.0-6.8, add again carboxymethyl cellulose, finally add ferrous sulfate, ammonium molybdate, manganous sulfate to dissolve, at 90-105 ℃ of reaction 5-6 hour, generate micro-, the middle fertilizer liquid of chelating amino acids;
(2) adopt compost fermentation, get natural pond slag, dregs of rapeseed cake adds biological bacteria, mixes rear heap fermentation, once, fermentation time is 30 days in turning in 7 days, is covered with a large amount of white hyphas and obtains the fertilizer completely that ferments in heap, stand-by;
(3) by bicarbonate of ammonia, monoammonium phosphate, potassium sulfate co-grinding, mix, pulverize with inorganic slowly-releasing composition gelatin, soil improvement composition weathered coal, cross 150 mesh sieves and obtain NPK mixed fertilizer;
(4) fertilizer completely that ferments in (2) is mixed with nano-sized carbon, nanometer rock phosphate powder, bark of Melia azedarach L., leaf extract with the NPK mixed fertilizer of (3) middle gained, then spray into micro-, the middle fertilizer liquid of chelating amino acids and carry out granulation, last spraying liquid paraffin coating obtains rape base fertilizer dedicated fertilizer.
Choose the rape farmland of two same sizes, wherein rape base fertilizer dedicated fertilizer of the present invention is used in a farmland, and common NPK fertilizers is used in another piece farmland, through contrast after a while, finds:
Use rape good luster in the farmland of rape base fertilizer dedicated fertilizer of the present invention, plant healthy, the speed of growth is also very fast, yield of rape and quality all improve greatly, with do not use the farmland of product of the present invention and compare, average every mu of volume increase 28.2%, and the disease and pest in the farmland of use product of the present invention also greatly reduces.
From above-mentioned, rape base fertilizer dedicated fertilizer of the present invention preventing disease and pest effectively can be described, and this fertilizer is balanced in nutrition, can promote that farm crop better grow, and improves edatope, improves crop yield.

Claims (2)

1. rape base fertilizer dedicated fertilizer, it is characterized in that, raw material by following weight part is made: natural pond slag 30-40, dregs of rapeseed cake 20-30, weathered coal 5-10, gelatin 5-10, biological bacteria 4-8, bicarbonate of ammonia 20-25, monoammonium phosphate 20-25, potassium sulfate 5-8, leached tea oil slag 15-20, carboxymethyl cellulose 4-6,30% sulfuric acid 20-25, lime are appropriate, ferrous sulfate 1-2, ammonium molybdate 1-2, manganous sulfate 1-2, nano-sized carbon 2-5, nanometer rock phosphate powder 2-5, bark of Melia azedarach L., leaf extract 2-5, whiteruss 30-40, and described biological bacteria is ferment mushroom.
2. a preparation method for rape base fertilizer dedicated fertilizer as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that comprising the following steps:
(1) first leached tea oil slag is added in 30% sulfuric acid, at 100-110 ℃, be hydrolyzed 1-2 hour, generate amino acid, then add lime and be neutralized to pH value 6.0-6.8, add again carboxymethyl cellulose, finally add ferrous sulfate, ammonium molybdate, manganous sulfate to dissolve, at 90-105 ℃ of reaction 5-6 hour, generate micro-, the middle fertilizer liquid of chelating amino acids;
(2) adopt compost fermentation, get natural pond slag, dregs of rapeseed cake adds biological bacteria, mixes rear heap fermentation, once, fermentation time is 30-40 days in turning in 5-10 days, is covered with a large amount of white hyphas and obtains the fertilizer completely that ferments in heap, stand-by;
(3) by bicarbonate of ammonia, monoammonium phosphate, potassium sulfate co-grinding, mix, pulverize with inorganic slowly-releasing composition gelatin, soil improvement composition weathered coal, cross 100-200 mesh sieve and obtain NPK mixed fertilizer;
By fermenting in (2), fertilizer completely mixes with nano-sized carbon, nanometer rock phosphate powder, bark of Melia azedarach L., leaf extract with the NPK mixed fertilizer of (3) middle gained, then spray into micro-, the middle fertilizer liquid of chelating amino acids and carry out granulation, last spraying liquid paraffin coating obtains rape base fertilizer dedicated fertilizer.
CN201210267493.6A 2012-07-31 2012-07-31 Special fertilizer for rape base fertilizer Expired - Fee Related CN102816021B (en)

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CN102816021B true CN102816021B (en) 2014-04-02

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CN103274806B (en) * 2013-04-24 2015-05-13 陆玉 Bio-organic fertilizer with weathered coal as main material, and preparation method thereof
CN103271090A (en) * 2013-05-07 2013-09-04 沈礼群 Natural ore insecticidal disinfectant, and preparation method and application thereof
CN103408348A (en) * 2013-06-24 2013-11-27 岳西县未来农业发展有限公司 Special fertilizer for nanocarbon tea and preparation method thereof
CN103304332B (en) * 2013-07-02 2014-08-06 辽宁绿源生物农业科技有限公司 Plant fertilizer tablet and preparation method thereof
CN103420716A (en) * 2013-07-18 2013-12-04 张开会 Special tea tree base fertilizer and preparation method thereof
CN103553844A (en) * 2013-10-24 2014-02-05 安徽环绿生态农业投资发展有限公司 Special fertilizer for mulberries
CN103641644A (en) * 2013-11-06 2014-03-19 马鞍山科邦生态肥有限公司 A fertilizer capable of pest and disease control and a preparation method thereof
CN103641578A (en) * 2013-11-06 2014-03-19 马鞍山科邦生态肥有限公司 A novel farm-oriented fertilizer and a preparation method thereof
CN103641586A (en) * 2013-11-06 2014-03-19 马鞍山科邦生态肥有限公司 A nanocarbon fertilizer and a preparation method thereof
CN103833462A (en) * 2013-12-20 2014-06-04 当涂县科辉商贸有限公司 Compound fertilizer containing microelements, and preparation method thereof
CN104355904A (en) * 2014-11-25 2015-02-18 侨健新能源科技(苏州)有限公司 High-performance compound fertilizer applied to farmlands
CN104447040B (en) * 2014-12-15 2015-10-28 湖南金叶众望科技股份有限公司 A kind of three sour mixed fermentation biological organic fertilizers and preparation method thereof and the application in tobacco planting
CN105432448A (en) * 2015-11-30 2016-03-30 全椒县香妃农业专业合作社 White tea cutting medium
CN105393771A (en) * 2015-11-30 2016-03-16 全椒县香妃农业专业合作社 Cyclocarya paliurus cutting seedling growing method
CN106365775A (en) * 2016-08-25 2017-02-01 西南大学 Potassium-synergistic vegetable special-use fertilizer and preparation method of same
CN106631389A (en) * 2016-11-26 2017-05-10 防城港市林木良种繁育中心苗圃 A fertilizer increasing the yield of illicium verum
CN109081730A (en) * 2018-08-10 2018-12-25 湖南百威生物科技股份有限公司 A kind of phosphor-enriched fertilizer and preparation method thereof
CN109287402A (en) * 2018-09-05 2019-02-01 江苏松枫农业发展有限公司 A kind of plantation of rapeseed and harvesting method

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CN1762924A (en) * 2004-10-21 2006-04-26 刘甫名 Preparation method of zeolite organism organic mixed fertilizer
CN101234942A (en) * 2008-02-25 2008-08-06 山东金正大生态工程股份有限公司 Special control-release fertilizer for rape and preparation method thereof
CN101875573A (en) * 2010-07-16 2010-11-03 四川农业大学 Organic-inorganic compound fertilizer special for rape and preparation method thereof
CN102060580A (en) * 2009-11-17 2011-05-18 四川新绿盛生物工程技术有限公司 Preparation of humic acid biological organic fertilizer from composite biological fungi
CN102442849A (en) * 2011-10-13 2012-05-09 雷震 Disease-preventing bio-organic fertilizer prepared from straw and its preparation method

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1453250A (en) * 2002-04-23 2003-11-05 中国石油化工股份有限公司巴陵分公司 Fertilizer specially for rape and its production process
CN1762924A (en) * 2004-10-21 2006-04-26 刘甫名 Preparation method of zeolite organism organic mixed fertilizer
CN101234942A (en) * 2008-02-25 2008-08-06 山东金正大生态工程股份有限公司 Special control-release fertilizer for rape and preparation method thereof
CN102060580A (en) * 2009-11-17 2011-05-18 四川新绿盛生物工程技术有限公司 Preparation of humic acid biological organic fertilizer from composite biological fungi
CN101875573A (en) * 2010-07-16 2010-11-03 四川农业大学 Organic-inorganic compound fertilizer special for rape and preparation method thereof
CN102442849A (en) * 2011-10-13 2012-05-09 雷震 Disease-preventing bio-organic fertilizer prepared from straw and its preparation method

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Effective date of registration: 20170811

Address after: 226511, Wenfeng village, Nantong, Rugao, Jiangsu, 26 provinces

Patentee after: Rugao Yuxi Eco Agriculture Technology Co., Ltd.

Address before: 243100 Anhui city of Ma'anshan province Dangtu County Economic Development Zone

Patentee before: Maanshan Kebang Eco-Fertilizer Co.,Ltd.

CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee
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Granted publication date: 20140402

Termination date: 20180731