CN102726331A - Net-cage stereo ecological breeding method of abalone, sea cucumber and algae - Google Patents

Net-cage stereo ecological breeding method of abalone, sea cucumber and algae Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102726331A
CN102726331A CN2012102383381A CN201210238338A CN102726331A CN 102726331 A CN102726331 A CN 102726331A CN 2012102383381 A CN2012102383381 A CN 2012102383381A CN 201210238338 A CN201210238338 A CN 201210238338A CN 102726331 A CN102726331 A CN 102726331A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
abalone
net cage
net
cage
sea cucumber
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Pending
Application number
CN2012102383381A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
陈国生
龚孟忠
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FUZHOU OCEAN AND FISHERIES TECHNOLOGY CENTER
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FUZHOU OCEAN AND FISHERIES TECHNOLOGY CENTER
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Priority to CN2012102383381A priority Critical patent/CN102726331A/en
Publication of CN102726331A publication Critical patent/CN102726331A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/80Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in fisheries management
    • Y02A40/81Aquaculture, e.g. of fish

Abstract

The invention relates to a net-cage stereo ecological breeding method of abalone, sea cucumber and algae, and the method comprises the following breeding steps of: a first step, manufacturing a net cage, wherein the net cage is transparent at the upper part thereof; a plurality of vertical rows of abalone attaching plates are arranged at the middle part of the net cage; and a bearing net is arranged at the lower part of the net cage; a second step, arranging the net cage in a shallow sea area; a third step, breeding sea cucumber on the bearing net at the bottom of the net cage; a fourth step, breeding abalone on the abalone attaching plates at the middle part of the net cage; and a fifth step, breeding large economic algae at the upper part of the net cage and around the shallow sea area, thereby forming a net-cage stereo ecological breeding mode. The net-cage stereo ecological breeding method of abalone, sea cucumber and algae is high in breeding benefit, low in production cost and high in marine utilization ratio, and forms ecological virtuous circle; and therefore, a green, environmentally-friendly, low-carbon new breeding mode of abalone, sea cucumber and algae is formed.

Description

Abalone, sea cucumber, algae net cage stereo ecological cultural method
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of abalone, sea cucumber, algae net cage stereo ecological cultural method, belong to marine product and culture the field.
Background technology
In the present abalone culture process; Great majority adopt the abalone cages to culture, and Cultivation container is influenced by aufwuch easily to cause that permeability is not good, current are not smooth, anoxic in the cage, throws something and feeds but also need open the cage lid; Bait throwing in inconvenience has increased the quantity of labour force and labour intensity greatly; In addition, the breed of abalone and sea cucumber also can't be accomplished effective ecological three-dimensional culture.Therefore, are objects that the present invention studies to the problems referred to above.
Summary of the invention
The object of the present invention is to provide a kind of abalone, sea cucumber, algae net cage stereo ecological cultural method, solved present abalone, sea cucumber, algae and can't stereo ecological have cultured and the environment that becomes increasingly conspicuous and the problems such as contradiction between the production development.
The invention is characterized in: a kind of abalone, sea cucumber, algae net cage stereo ecological cultural method is characterized in that: culture as follows,
The first step: make net cage, wherein net cage top is penetrating, the abalone lamina affixad of the built-in some vertical setting of types in middle part, and the net cage bottom is provided with goods bearing net;
Second step: above-mentioned net cage is placed neritic province domain;
The 3rd step: on the goods bearing net of the bottom of above-mentioned net cage, put sea cucumber in a suitable place to breed then;
The 4th step: on the abalone lamina affixad at net cage middle part, put abalone in a suitable place to breed;
The 5th step: top and neritic province domain at net cage are cultured large-scale economical alga on every side, form net cage stereo ecological aquaculture model.
Advantage of the present invention: the present invention has ecological benefits and economic benefit, production cost is low, the ocean availability high, and has formed benign ecological cycles, becomes abalone, sea cucumber, the algal culture new model of green, environmental protection, low-carbon (LC).
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the cage structure cross-sectional schematic of the embodiment of the invention.
Fig. 2 is a process chart of the present invention.
Embodiment
Can the present invention relates to a kind of abalone, sea cucumber, algae net cage stereo ecological cultural method with reference to illustrated in figures 1 and 2, culture as follows,
The first step: make net cage 1, wherein net cage top is penetrating, the abalone lamina affixad 2 of the built-in some vertical setting of types in middle part, and the net cage bottom is provided with goods bearing net 3;
Second step: above-mentioned net cage is placed neritic province domain;
The 3rd step: on the bottom of above-mentioned net cage goods bearing net 3, place sea cucumber 4 then;
The 4th step: on the abalone lamina affixad 2 at net cage middle part, place abalone 5;
The 5th step: top and neritic province domain at net cage 1 are cultured large-scale economical alga on every side, form net cage stereo ecological aquaculture model 6.
The specification of above-mentioned net cage is 2.4m * 2.4m.
Above-mentioned abalone lamina affixad is 36, and wherein every specification is 1.2 m * 0.4 m.
The practical implementation process: the present invention utilizes food chain relation and the conversion of energy between abalone, sea cucumber, the algae three; Net cage upper strata, shallow sea and culture the high-quality bait of large-scale economical alga on every side as abalone; Culturing macro is the protection to breeding environment; The middle level is provided with the adherance abalone breeding, and the residual bait ight soil of abalone sinks to the food source of net cage bottom as sea cucumber, and the growth of sea cucumber is had important function; Marine alga drains in the nutritive salt in absorbing abalone, holothruian cultures process; Can provide fricassee abalone and sea cucumber fresh natural food easily, form benign ecological cycles, become abalone, sea cucumber, the algal culture new model of green, environmental protection, low-carbon (LC).Wherein following table is the difference of abalone, sea cucumber, algae net cage stereo ecological cultural technique and traditional cultural technique:
Culture efficiency of the present invention:
(1). increasing both production and income
Be the basis with traditional abalone buoyant raft average 13.29 ㎏/㎡ output of raising in cages, every mouthful of 2.4 * 2.4M net cage, yield per unit area are brought up to 38.59 ㎏/㎡; Increase income 22 kilograms of sea cucumbers.
2.4 the net cage of rice * 2.4 meters=5.76 square metres is through expert's testing result:
1. abalone: record 6125 of results abalones, average particle weighs 36.3 g, calculates gross weight 222.3 ㎏, and average yield is 38.59 ㎏/㎡;
2.. sea cucumber: record 180 of results stichopus japonicus, average weight is 120.4 g, and calculating output is 22 ㎏, and average yield is 3.82 ㎏/㎡.
(2). reduce cost
Every mouthful of net cage is not wanted bait throwing in and is produced sea cucumber, and the labour saves 2/3rds, and per kilogram abalone cost reduces more than 5%.
(3). the marine site availability
The sea area utilization rate improves more than 2.77 times.
(4). culture the innovation of new model
Form the breed new model of cleaner production, green, low-carbon (LC).
The above is merely preferred embodiment of the present invention, and all equalizations of doing according to claim of the present invention change and modify, and all should belong to covering scope of the present invention.

Claims (3)

1. an abalone, sea cucumber, algae net cage stereo ecological cultural method is characterized in that: culture as follows,
The first step: make net cage, wherein net cage top is penetrating, the abalone lamina affixad of the built-in some vertical setting of types in middle part, and the net cage bottom is provided with goods bearing net;
Second step: above-mentioned net cage is placed neritic province domain;
The 3rd step: goods bearing net is put sea cucumber in a suitable place to breed in the bottom of above-mentioned net cage then;
The 4th step: on the abalone lamina affixad at net cage middle part, put abalone in a suitable place to breed;
The 5th step: top and neritic province domain at net cage are cultured large-scale economical alga on every side, form net cage stereo ecological aquaculture model.
2. abalone according to claim 1, sea cucumber, algae net cage stereo ecological cultural method, it is characterized in that: the specification of said net cage is 2.4m * 2.4m.
3. abalone according to claim 2, sea cucumber, algae net cage stereo ecological cultural method, it is characterized in that: said abalone lamina affixad is 36, wherein every specification is 1.2 m * 0.4 m.
CN2012102383381A 2012-07-11 2012-07-11 Net-cage stereo ecological breeding method of abalone, sea cucumber and algae Pending CN102726331A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2012102383381A CN102726331A (en) 2012-07-11 2012-07-11 Net-cage stereo ecological breeding method of abalone, sea cucumber and algae

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2012102383381A CN102726331A (en) 2012-07-11 2012-07-11 Net-cage stereo ecological breeding method of abalone, sea cucumber and algae

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CN102726331A true CN102726331A (en) 2012-10-17

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103098732A (en) * 2013-02-06 2013-05-15 大连海洋大学 Rock worm-gracilaria-sea cucumber pond mixing breeding method
CN103734063A (en) * 2014-01-26 2014-04-23 福州大学 Abalone-alga symbiotic cultivation method and pond
CN104160943A (en) * 2014-06-27 2014-11-26 中国科学院南海海洋研究所 Sargassum high-efficiency cultivation and in-situ utilization method
CN104686425A (en) * 2015-03-24 2015-06-10 福建东禹海洋健康食品有限公司 Cultivation system with sea cucumber and abalone cultivation cage
CN104756910A (en) * 2015-03-27 2015-07-08 深圳市龙科源水产养殖有限公司 Dual-network three-dimensional cultivating system for abalones and algae and cultivating method thereof
CN106106284A (en) * 2016-06-30 2016-11-16 淮南市农康生态农业有限公司 A kind of Carnis Haliotidis and algae cat net stero cultural method
CN106234266A (en) * 2016-07-29 2016-12-21 青岛金沙海洋科技有限公司 A kind of method of the oyster bioherm district alive ecological aquaculture of algae shellfish ginseng
CN106577395A (en) * 2016-12-19 2017-04-26 浙江海洋大学 Multi-trophic-level ecological aquaculture method

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Cited By (12)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103098732A (en) * 2013-02-06 2013-05-15 大连海洋大学 Rock worm-gracilaria-sea cucumber pond mixing breeding method
CN103098732B (en) * 2013-02-06 2014-07-02 大连海洋大学 Rock worm-gracilaria-sea cucumber pond mixing breeding method
CN103734063A (en) * 2014-01-26 2014-04-23 福州大学 Abalone-alga symbiotic cultivation method and pond
CN103734063B (en) * 2014-01-26 2015-11-18 福州大学 Bao algae symbiotic cultivation method and culturing pool thereof
CN104160943A (en) * 2014-06-27 2014-11-26 中国科学院南海海洋研究所 Sargassum high-efficiency cultivation and in-situ utilization method
CN104686425A (en) * 2015-03-24 2015-06-10 福建东禹海洋健康食品有限公司 Cultivation system with sea cucumber and abalone cultivation cage
CN104756910A (en) * 2015-03-27 2015-07-08 深圳市龙科源水产养殖有限公司 Dual-network three-dimensional cultivating system for abalones and algae and cultivating method thereof
CN106106284A (en) * 2016-06-30 2016-11-16 淮南市农康生态农业有限公司 A kind of Carnis Haliotidis and algae cat net stero cultural method
CN106106284B (en) * 2016-06-30 2019-01-01 中热科(海南)海洋与农业研究院有限公司 A kind of abalone and algae cat net stero cultural method
CN106234266A (en) * 2016-07-29 2016-12-21 青岛金沙海洋科技有限公司 A kind of method of the oyster bioherm district alive ecological aquaculture of algae shellfish ginseng
CN106234266B (en) * 2016-07-29 2019-04-19 青岛金沙海洋科技有限公司 A kind of method of oyster bioherm area algae-shellfish-ginseng ecology aquaculture living
CN106577395A (en) * 2016-12-19 2017-04-26 浙江海洋大学 Multi-trophic-level ecological aquaculture method

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Application publication date: 20121017