CN103734063B - Bao algae symbiotic cultivation method and culturing pool thereof - Google Patents

Bao algae symbiotic cultivation method and culturing pool thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103734063B
CN103734063B CN201410037185.3A CN201410037185A CN103734063B CN 103734063 B CN103734063 B CN 103734063B CN 201410037185 A CN201410037185 A CN 201410037185A CN 103734063 B CN103734063 B CN 103734063B
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China
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water
culturing pool
bao
bao algae
abalone
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CN103734063A (en
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阮成旭
袁重桂
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Fuzhou University
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Fuzhou University
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/80Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in fisheries management
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/80Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in fisheries management
    • Y02A40/81Aquaculture, e.g. of fish

Abstract

The present invention relates to a kind of Bao algae symbiotic cultivation method and culturing pool thereof, abalone breeding in seawater or salt solution, the attaching frame of cultivating seaweed is being used for close to setting below the water surface, the marine alga that can ingest for abalone is placed with on attaching frame upper berth, the method and culturing pool not only realize the syntrophism of abalone and marine alga, reach and need not change water for a long time and water body can not worsen rotten good result, and make marine alga and abalone all be in optimum growth rate, the aquaculture model of tradition dependence natural conditions can shorten abalone growth cycle relatively, reduces aquaculture cost.

Description

Bao algae symbiotic cultivation method and culturing pool thereof
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of Bao algae symbiotic cultivation method and culturing pool thereof.
Background technology
The problem of existing abalone culture technology and defect: the nursery of current abalone can realize in continental rise cement pit, but usually day quantity of exchanged water reach 600% or more, be a waste greatly to water resource and the energy.And forming of abalone is raised in cages in natural waters usually, limit by natural environment, very risky, as the impact of the natural calamities such as typhoon red tide; And growth cycle is long, usually need cultivates and just can go on the market for more than 2 years; Summer, higher water temperature also easily caused the death of abalone and the outburst of disease.
Summary of the invention
The present invention seeks to provide a kind of Bao algae symbiotic cultivation method and culturing pool thereof, the method and culturing pool not only realize the syntrophism of abalone and marine alga, reach and need not change water for a long time and water body can not worsen rotten good result, and make marine alga and abalone all be in optimum growth rate, the aquaculture model of tradition dependence natural conditions can shorten abalone growth cycle relatively, reduces aquaculture cost.
Marine site of the present invention Bao algae symbiotic cultivation method: abalone breeding in seawater or salt solution, close to arranging the attaching frame being used for cultivating seaweed below the water surface, is placed with the marine alga that can ingest for abalone on attaching frame upper berth.This method is comparatively practical in the cultivation of natural marine site.
Indoor Bao algae symbiotic cultivation method of the present invention: abalone breeding in seawater or salt solution, the attaching frame of cultivating seaweed is being used for close to setting below the water surface, the marine alga that can ingest for abalone is placed with on attaching frame upper berth, described attaching frame is placed in Bao algae symbiosis culturing pool, is provided with the lighting apparatus controlled by time controller above the described Bao algae symbiosis culturing pool water surface.
Although indoor Bao algae symbiotic cultivation method of the present invention is suitable for high density industrial aquaculture, but due to the reasonability of Bao algae symbiosis, the excreta of abalone can be decomposed absorption by macro, and by artificial regulatory stationary temperature and illumination, thus facilitate the growth of algae on the one hand, on the other hand natural deduction can go out the stable aqueous bio structure of this ecotope applicable in water body, water body is made to have natural self-purification capacity, in addition the foundation of bio-diversity in water body, water body has again the effect of natural disease resistance, so not only can accomplish in breeding process do not change water and change water less, do not use medicine to destroy aqueous bio structure, and the algae of symbiosis can be used as again the foodstuff of abalone.This cultural method both saved water resource, and owing to not changing water, can maintain stable water temperature, saved the energy consumption adding gentle cooling in a large number, reduced production cost; The biological structure of Simultaneous Stabilization inhibits the large-scale outbreak of damage by disease and insect, is conducive to the production of non-harmful product.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is Bao algae symbiosis culturing pool organigram of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is Bao algae symbiosis culturing pool using state schematic diagram of the present invention.
Fig. 3 is the algae of Bao described in the present invention symbiosis culturing pool, filtering ponds, clarifier-tank connecting structure schematic diagram.(lighting apparatus that in figure, erasing time controller controls, automatic temperature control system and air pump).
Fig. 4 is the A-A cutaway view of Fig. 3.
Fig. 5 is the C-C cutaway view of Fig. 3.
Fig. 6 is automatic temperature control system organigram of the present invention.
In Fig. 2,20 be algae (marine alga or sea-tangle) 21 is abalone.
Embodiment
Bao algae symbiotic cultivation method of the present invention is as follows: abalone breeding in seawater or salt solution, the attaching frame of cultivating seaweed is being used for close to setting below the water surface, the marine alga that can ingest for abalone is placed with on attaching frame upper berth, described attaching frame is placed in Bao algae symbiosis culturing pool, is provided with the lighting apparatus controlled by time controller above the described Bao algae symbiosis culturing pool water surface.
In order to realize the suitable environment in culturing pool, the temperature control of described Bao algae symbiosis culturing pool, at 15-20 DEG C, is equipped with stainless steel hot waterpipe at the bottom of described Bao algae symbiosis culturing pool, and stainless steel cold water pipes is laid in described Bao algae symbiosis culturing pool middle and upper part.
In order to realize the water temperature in Automated condtrol culturing pool, described stainless steel hot waterpipe is the circulation stainless steel hot waterpipe heated by air-source water heater, described stainless steel cold water pipes is the circulation stainless steel cold water pipes cooled by cooling-water machine, temperature controller is provided with in described Bao algae symbiosis culturing pool, described temperature controller controls air-source water heater or cooling-water machine work through intelligent controller, when pond water temperature is lower than cultivation lowest temperature, temperature controller sends signal through intelligent controller to air-source water heater and starts working, after water temperature arrives Chi Shui cultivation temperature, temperature controller sends silence signal through intelligent controller to air-source water heater, when pond water temperature is higher than cultivation lowest temperature, temperature controller sends signal through intelligent controller to cooling-water machine and starts working, and after water temperature arrives Chi Shui cultivation temperature, temperature controller sends silence signal through intelligent controller to cooling-water machine.
In order to make to keep optimum water quality in culturing pool, utilizing compact submersible pump by the pond water suction filtering ponds of Bao algae symbiosis culturing pool, in filtering ponds, placing filter cotton and biomembrane, remove the suspended impurity in culturing pool; Water body in filtering ponds passes through siphon principle, enter clarifier-tank, place the attaching frame being used for cultivating seaweed in clarifier-tank, both played the effect purified water, the growth of tangleweed simultaneously also can be used for the abalone of throwing cultivation, and the water body overflow of clarifier-tank enters Bao algae symbiosis culturing pool.
In order to meet abalone and the demand of algae to oxygen and the heat insulation effect of culturing pool, use air pump inflation in 24 hours in Bao algae symbiosis culturing pool, described culturing pool is arranged in the greenhouse that insulation material builds.
Also comprise Bao algae symbiosis culturing pool 1 see Fig. 1 to Fig. 5 embodiment of the present invention, be provided with marine alga attaching frame 2 in described Bao algae symbiosis culturing pool, below described marine alga attaching frame, be provided with abalone frame 3.
Be provided with the lighting apparatus 4 controlled by time controller above described Bao algae symbiosis culturing pool 1, described abalone frame 3 is built with horizontal line plate 6 is staggered by longitudinal plate 5.
Described Bao algae symbiosis culturing pool is connected with microcirculation water treatment system, described microcirculation water treatment system comprises filtering ponds 7 and clarifier-tank 8, described filtering ponds 7 are provided with the immersible pump 9 be connected with Bao algae symbiosis culturing pool 1, filter cotton 10 and biomembrane 11 is placed in described filtering ponds 7, described filtering ponds 7 are connected with clarifier-tank 8 by siphon piping 12, be placed with the attaching frame 2 for cultivating seaweed in clarifier-tank 8, the water body overflow of clarifier-tank 8 enters Bao algae symbiosis culturing pool 1.
Stainless steel hot waterpipe 13 is equipped with at the bottom of described Bao algae symbiosis culturing pool, stainless steel cold water pipes 14 is laid in described Bao algae symbiosis culturing pool middle and upper part, described stainless steel hot waterpipe 13 is the circulation stainless steel hot waterpipe heated by air-source water heater 15, described stainless steel cold water pipes 14 is the circulation stainless steel cold water pipes cooled by cooling-water machine 16, temperature controller 17 is provided with in described Bao algae symbiosis culturing pool 1, described temperature controller 17 controls air-source water heater 15 through intelligent controller 18 or cooling-water machine 16 works, described Bao algae symbiosis culturing pool 1 is connected with air pump 19, described Bao algae symbiosis culturing pool is arranged in the greenhouse that insulation material builds.
The material that above-mentioned greenhouse adopts heat-insulating property good is as sandwich color steel plate construction, and surrounding body of wall and roof all adopt insulation material, because there is automatic control system for lighting indoor, therefore greenhouse not daylighting.Adopt sandwich color steel plate as building materials, with low cost, good effect of heat insulation, winter can pin indoor heat, and summer can stop outdoor heat, plays effect cool in summer and warm in winter.The energy consumption of indoor automatic temperature control system effectively can be saved in the good greenhouse of heat insulating effect, saves production cost.
In order to increase the yield per unit area, realize batch production high-density breeding, every square metre of water surface is formed abalone and is about 15kg, being about 10% of body weight according to abalone Day feeding amount is the quantity that tangleweed is placed in reference, the speed that the tangleweed of placement is grown approximates or is greater than the food ration of abalone, after increasing food ration increasing to cultivation later stage abalone body weight, can consider that from clarifier-tank, win macro throws something and feeds.Tangleweed selects the algae such as sea-tangle and asparagus.
Preferred embodiment, be about 5cm at the distance water surface and issue placement marine alga attaching frame, attaching frame can adopt plastics or coating iron wire material.Attaching frame hangs tangleweed, only makes part marine alga contact " well " font abalone behaviour area, make normal growth limit, marine alga limit provide abalone to ingest.The normal growth of marine alga is not only abalone and provides food, has purified water quality yet.
" well " font abalone behaviour area can adopt plastic plate to make, and the tangleweed that the vertical clapboard of the structure of " well " font can make abalone touch suspension is ingested, and diaphragm plate is that abalone provides the place hidden and perch.
Microcirculation water treatment system of the present invention mainly plays suspension and is separated and the effect of purification of water quality, utilizes immersible pump from one section of Bao algae symbiosis culturing pool by small-sized for pond water suction filtering ponds, and internal circulating load is about 50%/hour.Place filter cotton and biomembrane in filtering ponds, the suspension in filter cotton filtering breeding water body, the microorganism of natural deduction on biomembrane can play the effect purified water.Filtering ponds are connected with clarifier-tank U-shaped pipe, make the water body siphon in filtering ponds to the bottom of clarifier-tank, above clarifier-tank, overflow back Bao algae symbiosis culturing pool after completing natural subsidence, in clarifier-tank, hang macro, also can as the food source of abalone while purifying water.
Because warm water can upwards flow, at the bottom of Bao algae symbiosis culturing pool, lay stainless steel hot waterpipe, adopt air-source water heater to carry out water-heating.Cold water can flow downward, and lays stainless steel cold water pipes in Bao algae symbiosis culturing pool middle and upper part, adopts cooling-water machine to carry out water-cooled cooling.Water heater and cooling-water machine hot water out and cold water all circulate in airtight stainless steel pipes, can not cause interference to breeding water body.According to abalone and the suitableeest growth temperature of macro, temperature of cultivation can be controlled, at 15 ~ 20 DEG C, to select air energy hydrophone or cooling-water machine in different seasons, the leaving water temperature of regulation and control machine, can realize Automated condtrol temperature of cultivation.
Lighting apparatus is evenly placed above clarifier-tank as electricity-saving lamp above Bao algae symbiosis culturing pool and in microcirculation water treatment system, control water surface illumination and be about 1000lux, electricity-saving lamp switch is connected with timer (i.e. time controller), every day, automatic control light was according to 12 hours and dark 12 hours, met the circadian rhythm of macro photosynthesis and respiratory needs and abalone equably.
Adopt air pump, micropore gas stone is installed, gas stone is distributed 24 hours uninterrupted aerations at the bottom of pond equably, makes water body dissolved oxygen be greater than 5mg/L, meet abalone and algae to the demand of oxygen.The CO that aeration brings 2meet the demand of algal grown to carbon source.
Although this Bao algae symbiosis batch production controlled ecological cultivating system is greater than traditional abalone natural waters aquaculture model on infrastructure drops into, evades the natural calamity in sea area, reduced cultivation risk, improve the survival rate of abalone.Owing to adopting temperature control cultivation, both decreased the abalone death loss that causes of natural waters cultivation Yin Gaowen, and also shortened the production cycle, what tradition relied on the sea area abalone breeding of natural climate condition forms more than 2 years, and cultivated by temperature control, the growth cycle of about half can be shortened.Do not change the aquaculture management principle of water because this system adopts, therefore constant water temperature will be maintained do not need to consume the too many energy, then the greenhouse coordinating thermal and insulating performance good, the cost of temperature control is very low.Comprehensive some measuring and calculating above, adopt this system abalone breeding, save bait cost, shorten the production cycle, improve the survival rate of abalone, the production cost of per kilogram abalone is about 1/2 of traditional aquaculture model, and due to this system water saving energy-conservation, few use medicine, to environment zero-emission, therefore also has great ecological benefits and social benefit.

Claims (7)

1. a Bao algae symbiotic cultivation method, it is characterized in that: abalone breeding in the seawater, the attaching frame of cultivating seaweed is being used for close to setting below the water surface, the marine alga that can ingest for abalone is placed with on attaching frame upper berth, described attaching frame is placed in Bao algae symbiosis culturing pool, the lighting apparatus controlled by time controller is provided with above the described Bao algae symbiosis culturing pool water surface, the temperature control of described Bao algae symbiosis culturing pool is at 15-20 DEG C, stainless steel hot waterpipe is equipped with at the bottom of described Bao algae symbiosis culturing pool, stainless steel cold water pipes is laid in described Bao algae symbiosis culturing pool middle and upper part, described stainless steel hot waterpipe is the circulation stainless steel hot waterpipe heated by air-source water heater, described stainless steel cold water pipes is the circulation stainless steel cold water pipes cooled by cooling-water machine, temperature controller is provided with in described Bao algae symbiosis culturing pool, described temperature controller controls air-source water heater or cooling-water machine work through intelligent controller, when pond water temperature is lower than cultivation lowest temperature, temperature controller sends signal air-source water heater through intelligent controller to air-source water heater and starts working, after water temperature arrives Chi Shui cultivation temperature, temperature controller quits work to air-source water heater transmission signal air-source water heater through intelligent controller, when pond water temperature is higher than cultivation temperature upper limit, temperature controller sends signal cooling-water machine through intelligent controller to cooling-water machine and starts working, and after water temperature drop cultivates temperature to Chi Shui, temperature controller quits work to cooling-water machine transmission signal cooling-water machine through intelligent controller.
2. Bao algae symbiotic cultivation method according to claim 1, is characterized in that: utilize compact submersible pump by the small-sized filtering ponds of pond water suction of Bao algae symbiosis culturing pool, places filter cotton and biomembrane in small-sized filtering ponds, removes the suspended impurity in culturing pool; Water body in filtering ponds passes through siphon principle, enter small-sized clarifier-tank, place the attaching frame being used for cultivating seaweed in small-sized clarifier-tank, both played the effect purified water, the growth of tangleweed simultaneously also can be used for the abalone of throwing cultivation, and the water body overflow of small-sized clarifier-tank enters Bao algae symbiosis culturing pool.
3. Bao algae symbiotic cultivation method according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: use air pump inflation in 24 hours in Bao algae symbiosis culturing pool, meet the demand of the abalone of high-density breeding and the breathing of marine alga and carbon source, described Bao algae symbiosis culturing pool is arranged in the greenhouse that insulation material builds.
4. Bao algae symbiotic cultivation method as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that: comprise Bao algae symbiosis culturing pool, is provided with marine alga attaching frame, is provided with abalone frame below described marine alga attaching frame in described Bao algae symbiosis culturing pool.
5. Bao algae symbiotic cultivation method according to claim 4, is characterized in that: be provided with the lighting apparatus controlled by time controller above the described Bao algae symbiosis culturing pool water surface, and described abalone frame is interlocked by longitudinal plate and level board and builds.
6. Bao algae symbiotic cultivation method according to claim 4, it is characterized in that: described Bao algae symbiosis culturing pool is connected with microcirculation water treatment system, described microcirculation water treatment system comprises small-sized filtering ponds and small-sized clarifier-tank, filter cotton and biomembrane is placed in described small-sized filtering ponds, described small-sized filtering ponds are connected with small-sized clarifier-tank by siphon piping, be placed with the attaching frame for cultivating seaweed in small-sized clarifier-tank, the water body overflow of small-sized clarifier-tank enters Bao algae symbiosis culturing pool.
7. Bao algae symbiotic cultivation method according to claim 4, it is characterized in that: at the bottom of described Bao algae symbiosis culturing pool, be equipped with stainless steel hot waterpipe, stainless steel cold water pipes is laid in described Bao algae symbiosis culturing pool middle and upper part, described stainless steel hot waterpipe is the circulation stainless steel hot waterpipe heated by air-source water heater, described stainless steel cold water pipes is the circulation stainless steel cold water pipes cooled by cooling-water machine, temperature controller is provided with in described Bao algae symbiosis culturing pool, described temperature controller controls air-source water heater or cooling-water machine work through intelligent controller, described Bao algae symbiosis culturing pool is connected with air pump, described culturing pool is arranged in the greenhouse that insulation material builds.
CN201410037185.3A 2014-01-26 2014-01-26 Bao algae symbiotic cultivation method and culturing pool thereof Expired - Fee Related CN103734063B (en)

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CN104756910A (en) * 2015-03-27 2015-07-08 深圳市龙科源水产养殖有限公司 Dual-network three-dimensional cultivating system for abalones and algae and cultivating method thereof
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