CN101611700A - A kind of stichopus japonicus sea grow seedlings net cage and seedling-cultivating method - Google Patents

A kind of stichopus japonicus sea grow seedlings net cage and seedling-cultivating method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN101611700A
CN101611700A CN200910015603A CN200910015603A CN101611700A CN 101611700 A CN101611700 A CN 101611700A CN 200910015603 A CN200910015603 A CN 200910015603A CN 200910015603 A CN200910015603 A CN 200910015603A CN 101611700 A CN101611700 A CN 101611700A
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China
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seedling
net cage
round log
stichopus japonicus
framework
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CN200910015603A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN101611700B (en
Inventor
邹吉新
李源强
刘雨新
辛晓东
王波波
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威海西港刺参水产研究所有限公司
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/80Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in fisheries management
    • Y02A40/81Aquaculture, e.g. of fish

Abstract

The present invention relates to the seedling growing process of stichopus japonicus, particularly a kind of cost is low, the marine net cage seedling nursery method of the stichopus japonicus that survival rate is high, the net cage of growing seedlings comprises framework and polythene net, it is characterized in that the quadra that framework adopts round log to connect into, every limit of framework is formed by interior round log and outer round log, pave with the plank of the wide 10cm of long 30cm between interior round log and outer round log, so that administrative staff's walking, bolting silk etting and outer polyethylene etting in hanging with respectively on interior round log and the outer round log, interior bolting silk etting and outer polyethylene etting bottom and side are respectively equipped with balancing weight, every limit of framework is provided with float, seedling-cultivating method comprises the sea area addressing, net cage is made and is thrown in, hang adherance, seed ginseng is adopted and is caught, the seed ginseng breeding, seedling adheres to, throw something and feed, receive steps such as seedling, the present invention has energy savings, cost is low, environmentally safe, the survival rate of seedling advantages of higher.

Description

A kind of stichopus japonicus sea grow seedlings net cage and seedling-cultivating method

Technical field:

The present invention relates to the seedling growing process of stichopus japonicus, the marine net cage seedling nursery method of the stichopus japonicus that particularly a kind of cost is low, survival rate is high.

Background technology:

As everyone knows, stichopus japonicus (Apostichopus japonicus Selenka) belongs to Echinodermata, Holothuroidea, Parapet hand order, Stichopodidae in classification, mainly be distributed in the Huanghai Sea and marine site, the Bohai Sea.In the edible sea cucumber of kind more than 20 that China finds, the kind that stichopus japonicus is the output maximum, economic worth is the highest.In recent years, along with starting of holothruian cultures upsurge, the holothruian cultures oncoming force that multiple modes such as propagation are broadcast at the breed of cofferdam, intertidal zone, pond culture, the end was swift and violent.According to the statistics in the ocean, Shandong Province and the fishery Room, the aquaculture area of the whole province in 2007 reaches 430,000 mu, 8,100,000,000 yuan of annual value of production, and apostichopus japonicus culture has formed a big industry, and has formed---aquaculture---processing---industrial chain of monopolized store of growing seedlings thus.

The required a large amount of sea cucumber seedlings of stichopus japonicus aquaculture are to be produced by the factory of growing seedlings basically now, the factory's common buildings of growing seedlings is limpid at seawater, stormy waves is little, seawater is pollution-free, the seashore that no fresh water flows into, grow seedlings and generally be provided with pump house in the factory, the seawater sedimentation basin, the parent participation culture pond, a plurality of ponds such as spawning pond and circulating line, artificial breeding will be adopted through parent participation and catch, management is stored up in parent participation, spawning and fertilization, hatching, larval culture and young ginseng collection and cultivation etc., then seedling is put into through the country and cultured, above-mentioned the deficiencies in the prior art one are that capital construction is big, investment has a big risk more, the 2nd, waste energy, the seedling cost height, the extraction of seawater and circulation all need power drive in the seedling raising process, in addition, also to often regulate the temperature of seawater, to adapt to the living condition of stichopus japonicus, the 3rd, grow seedlings, the survival rate of putting in a suitable place to breed is low, and the 4th, complicated operation, management is inconvenient, working strength of workers is big.

Summary of the invention:

The objective of the invention is to overcome above-mentioned the deficiencies in the prior art, provide a kind of energy savings, cost is low, survival rate is high, grow seedlings in the stichopus japonicus sea of convenient management net cage and seedling-cultivating method.

The present invention can reach by following measure:

A kind of stichopus japonicus sea net cage of growing seedlings, comprise framework and polythene net, it is characterized in that the quadra that framework adopts round log to connect into, every limit of framework is formed by interior round log and outer round log, pave with the plank of the wide 10cm of long 30cm between interior round log and outer round log, so that administrative staff's walking, bolting silk etting and outer polyethylene etting in hanging with respectively on interior round log and the outer round log, the mesh of interior bolting silk etting is 200 orders, the mesh size of outer polyethylene etting is about 0.5cm, bolting silk etting and outer polyethylene etting bottom and side are respectively equipped with balancing weight in the interior polyethylene, the effect of outer polyethylene etting is the foreign material that can stop in the extraneous seawater, the effect of interior bolting silk etting is to stop entering of greasy dirt and copepoda harmful organisms etc., and balancing weight all launches in water for making etting.

The present invention can be provided with float on every limit of framework, the present invention can be floated in water.

A kind of stichopus japonicus sea net cage seedling nursery method is characterized in that comprising that sea area addressing, net cage are made and input, extension adherance, seed ginseng are adopted and caught, seed ginseng is bred, seedling adheres to, throws something and feeds, receives the seedling step.

Wherein sea area addressing: require water quality pure and fresh pollution-free, trend is unimpeded, and bait is abundant, is subjected to stormy waves, tidal effect less, does the sea area that the time of tide depth of water must not be lower than 5m,

Net cage is thrown in: in seabed piling, net cage is linked to each other in twos, 10 left and right sides net cages of a row are connected net cage in the stake with anchor hawser then, think that net cage positions,

Hang adherance: adherance is 20cm * 30cm mesh bag, is 10 row in each net cage, every row 10 strings, and 27 of every strings amount to about 2700.Every string adherance prevents that at the dropstone of about 1 kilogram of bottom extension adherance is floating,

Seed ginseng is adopted and is caught: to avoid directly being exposed to the sun of sunlight, greasy dirt, extruding etc. when catching adopting as far as possible, and will select, find that telling dirty individuality will in time choose, select for use individual stichopus japonicus big, that vigor is stronger to do seed ginseng through strictness,

The seed ginseng breeding: 8 o'clock to second day evening, the 2:00 AM seed ginseng was laid eggs in oopod, the oopod specification is 2m * 1m * 1m (length * wide * height), make by 60 mesh sieve tulles, hang in the Intranet, the someone is responsible for observed and recorded specially during this time, the net cage that does not have a large amount of rows smart (ovulation) was continued to observe in the second day evening

Seedling adheres to: be fertilized about 10 days, and grew the doliolaria stage, seedling progressively begins to adhere to,

Throw something and feed: the stichopus japonicus young that marine net cage is educated is a bait with the unit cell algae of self-sow in the marine site, is aided with marine active yeast living body bait, when development by metamorphosis stops after the stage manually throwing something and feeding to doliolaria,

Receive seedling: approximately begin to receive seedling mid-September, the seedling of keeping well is rendered to specified the sea area.

The present invention has following advantage, and 1, this is a kind of seedling-cultivating method of saving type, whole seedling raising process is consumes energy not substantially.2, this is a kind of seedling-cultivating method of environment-friendly type, does not use medicine in whole seedling raising process substantially, does not also produce waste water, does not have pollutant that environment is caused harmful effect substantially.3, this is a kind of seedling-cultivating method of health type, owing to be to grow seedlings under the natural ecological system, do not use any medicine again, thereby the seed of producing is the same substantially with the seed of natural propagation.

Description of drawings:

Fig. 1 is a structural representation of the present invention.

Fig. 2 is the vertical view of Fig. 1.

Embodiment:

Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing the present invention is further described:

As shown in drawings, a kind of stichopus japonicus sea net cage of growing seedlings, comprise framework 1 and polythene net 2, the big I of net cage designs voluntarily according to the sea area situation, because of test is located at marine site, gravelstone island, Weihai, test selects for use the specification of net cage to be: 5m * 5m * 4m (the wide x height of long x), and wherein outer mesh size is for 0.5cm, Intranet mesh size are 200 mesh sieve tulles, the case mesh size of laying eggs is 60 mesh sieve tulles, the net cage material therefor has timber, float, polythene net, bolting silk net, polyethylene rope, stone bag etc.

The stichopus japonicus sea net cage of growing seedlings is made: Yi Bian the round log that is 20cm with 8 diameters is built into a square frame 1 in twos, with big specification bolt, in the middle of two round logs, be paved with long 30cm, plank 3 about wide 10cm, fixing 10 ~ 12 diameters below around the framework is that 30cm, height are the float 4 of 80cm, and net cage can be floated in water.The net cage of all making is hauled selected sea area, link to each other in twos, 10 net cages of a row in seabed piling, are used the anchor hawser fixed position then.After fixing, under framework, hang up polythene net, fixing etting respectively around the framework and on the limit, the stone bag 5 about heavily about 4kg is fixed at the mid point position of the base angle around the etting bottom and four sides and bottom surface simultaneously, makes etting all expansion in water.Will hang up one deck bolting silk net (200 order) again as Intranet at net cage frame before arresting seed ginseng, midpoint is fastened the stone bag of heavily about 4kg equally on four jiaos of interior sieve bottom, bottom surface and the limit, etting is all launched in water, and be close on the outside etting.Effect is to stop entering of foreign material, greasy dirt and copepoda harmful organisms etc. in the extraneous seawater, and outside etting has just in time played the effect of protection Intranet.

A kind of stichopus japonicus sea net cage seedling nursery method is characterized in that comprising that sea area addressing, net cage are made and input, extension adherance, seed ginseng are adopted and caught, seed ginseng is bred, seedling adheres to, throws something and feeds, receives the seedling step.

Wherein sea area addressing: require water quality pure and fresh pollution-free, trend is unimpeded, and bait is abundant, is subjected to stormy waves, tidal effect less, does the sea area that the time of tide depth of water must not be lower than 5m,

Net cage is thrown in: in seabed piling, net cage is linked to each other in twos, 10 left and right sides net cages of a row are connected net cage in the stake with anchor hawser then, think that net cage positions,

Hang adherance: adherance is 20cm * 30cm mesh bag, is 10 row in each net cage, every row 10 strings, and 27 of every strings amount to about 2700.Every string adherance prevents that at the dropstone of about 1 kilogram of bottom extension adherance is floating,

Seed ginseng is adopted and caught: there is direct relation the time of arresting seed ginseng with selected sea area ocean temperature.Area, Weihai is generally by the end of May to mid or late June the sea cucumber breeding time, and it is comparatively suitable generally to arrest seed ginseng (temperature reaches more than 18 ℃) at the beginning of 6 months at natural waters.The selected seed ginseng of this test all comes from the wild seed ginseng of little stone island, to avoid directly being exposed to the sun of sunlight, greasy dirt, extruding etc. when catching adopting as far as possible, and to select through strictness, discovery is told dirty individuality and will in time be chosen, select for use individual sea cucumber big, that vigor is stronger to do seed ginseng,, the sea cucumber of arresting is put into the container of splendid attire 1/3rd volume seawater as the need transportation, seed ginseng quantity in each container is difficult for too much preventing to push in transit, arrange phenomenons such as dirty.Be preferably in container placed around ice cube, prevent too high dirty, row's's smart (ovulation) the phenomenon in advance of row that causes of temperature,

The seed ginseng breeding: 8 o'clock to second day evening, the 2:00 AM seed ginseng was laid eggs in oopod, the oopod specification is 2m * 1m * 1m (length * wide * height), make by 60 mesh sieve tulles, hang in the Intranet, the someone is responsible for observed and recorded specially during this time, the net cage that does not have a large amount of rows smart (ovulation) was continued to observe in the second day evening

Seedling adheres to: removed the case of laying eggs in back second day laying eggs, after fertilization hung up adherance in 7~9 days in net cage.Adherance is 20cm * 30cm mesh bag, and every string adherance prevents that at the dropstone of about 1 kilogram of bottom extension adherance is floating, is fertilized about 10 days, grows the doliolaria stage, and seedling progressively begins to adhere to,

Throw something and feed: the stichopus japonicus young that marine net cage is educated is a bait with the unit cell algae of self-sow in the marine site, is aided with marine active yeast living body bait, when development by metamorphosis stops after the stage manually throwing something and feeding to doliolaria,

Receive seedling: approximately begin to receive seedling mid-September, the seedling of keeping well is rendered to specified the sea area.

Claims (3)

1, a kind of stichopus japonicus sea net cage of growing seedlings, comprise framework and polythene net, it is characterized in that the quadra that framework adopts round log to connect into, every limit of framework is formed by interior round log and outer round log, be provided with at least two dividing plates between interior round log and outer round log, interior round log hangs with bolting silk etting in the 150-250 order, hangs with the outer polyethylene etting of mesh 0.5cm on the outer round log, and interior bolting silk etting and outer polyethylene etting bottom and side are respectively equipped with balancing weight.
2, a kind of stichopus japonicus according to claim 1 sea net cage of growing seedlings is characterized in that every limit of framework is provided with float.
3, the marine net cage seedling nursery method of a kind of stichopus japonicus is characterized in that comprising that sea area addressing, net cage input, extension adherance, seed ginseng are adopted and caught, seed ginseng is bred, seedling adheres to, throws something and feeds and receives the seedling step.
Wherein sea area addressing: require water quality pure and fresh pollution-free, trend is unimpeded, and bait is abundant, is subjected to stormy waves, tidal effect less, does the sea area that the time of tide depth of water must not be lower than 5m,
Net cage is thrown in: in seabed piling, net cage is connected in the stake with anchor hawser,
Hang adherance: adherance is the mesh bag formula, is that 8-12 is capable in each net cage, every capable 8-12 string, and every string 25-30, every string adherance hangs with dropstone in the bottom,
Seed ginseng is adopted and is caught: adopts and will avoid directly being exposed to the sun of sunlight, greasy dirt, extruding when catching and want strictness to select, find that telling dirty individuality will in time choose, select for use individual stichopus japonicus big, that vigor is stronger to do seed ginseng,
The seed ginseng breeding: 8 o'clock to second day evening, the 2:00 AM seed ginseng was laid eggs in oopod, and the oopod specification is 2m * 1m * 1m (length * wide * height), is made by 60 mesh sieve tulles, hangs in the Intranet,
Seedling adheres to: be fertilized 8-12 days, and grew the doliolaria stage, seedling progressively begins to adhere to,
Throw something and feed: the stichopus japonicus young that marine net cage is educated is a bait with the unit cell algae of self-sow in the marine site, is aided with marine active yeast living body bait, when development by metamorphosis stops after the stage manually throwing something and feeding to doliolaria,
Receive seedling: begin to receive seedling mid-September, the seedling of keeping well is rendered to specified the sea area.
CN2009100156038A 2009-05-19 2009-05-19 Cage and method for breeding stichopus japonicus on sea CN101611700B (en)

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Cited By (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102132679A (en) * 2011-04-21 2011-07-27 盘锦每日集团有限公司 Method for cultivating stichopus japonicus seedlings in earth-pond net cage
CN102487862A (en) * 2011-11-25 2012-06-13 全汉锋 Scale cultivation technology of stichopus japonicus selenkas through south raft frames
CN102524129A (en) * 2012-01-17 2012-07-04 大连獐子岛渔业集团股份有限公司 Ecological method for raising young sea cucumbers in offshore net cages
CN103026991A (en) * 2012-06-06 2013-04-10 中国科学院海洋研究所 Facility for breeding and middle culture of stichopus japonicus seedlings in lagoons and semiclosed gulfs
CN103461224A (en) * 2013-07-29 2013-12-25 山东安源水产股份有限公司 Selection method of breeding stichopus japonicus in stichopus japonicus cross breeding
CN103518658A (en) * 2013-10-30 2014-01-22 辽宁医学院 Method of cultivating fry of Apostichopus japonicus by floating cages in ponds
CN104186390A (en) * 2014-09-02 2014-12-10 青岛农业大学 Stereoscopic sea cucumber hanging breeding facility and composite breeding method
CN104969895A (en) * 2015-08-12 2015-10-14 山东省海洋生物研究院 Breeding method of ecological fries of Apostichopus japonicus
CN107549074A (en) * 2017-10-23 2018-01-09 魏发宝 A kind of flowing water culture system for improving batch charger service life

Families Citing this family (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103004655A (en) * 2012-11-29 2013-04-03 大连棒棰岛海参发展有限公司 Outdoor cultivation net cage for stichopus japonicus ecological seeds
CN107593555A (en) * 2017-10-23 2018-01-19 魏发宝 A kind of flowing water culture system for improving fish feeding efficiency

Cited By (12)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102132679A (en) * 2011-04-21 2011-07-27 盘锦每日集团有限公司 Method for cultivating stichopus japonicus seedlings in earth-pond net cage
CN102132679B (en) * 2011-04-21 2013-01-02 辽宁每日农药集团有限公司 Method for cultivating stichopus japonicus seedlings in earth-pond net cage
CN102487862A (en) * 2011-11-25 2012-06-13 全汉锋 Scale cultivation technology of stichopus japonicus selenkas through south raft frames
CN102524129A (en) * 2012-01-17 2012-07-04 大连獐子岛渔业集团股份有限公司 Ecological method for raising young sea cucumbers in offshore net cages
CN103026991A (en) * 2012-06-06 2013-04-10 中国科学院海洋研究所 Facility for breeding and middle culture of stichopus japonicus seedlings in lagoons and semiclosed gulfs
CN103461224A (en) * 2013-07-29 2013-12-25 山东安源水产股份有限公司 Selection method of breeding stichopus japonicus in stichopus japonicus cross breeding
CN103461224B (en) * 2013-07-29 2015-10-21 山东安源水产股份有限公司 The system of selection of seed ginseng in stichopus japonicus crossbreeding
CN103518658A (en) * 2013-10-30 2014-01-22 辽宁医学院 Method of cultivating fry of Apostichopus japonicus by floating cages in ponds
CN104186390A (en) * 2014-09-02 2014-12-10 青岛农业大学 Stereoscopic sea cucumber hanging breeding facility and composite breeding method
CN104186390B (en) * 2014-09-02 2015-04-15 青岛农业大学 Sea cucumber breeding method
CN104969895A (en) * 2015-08-12 2015-10-14 山东省海洋生物研究院 Breeding method of ecological fries of Apostichopus japonicus
CN107549074A (en) * 2017-10-23 2018-01-09 魏发宝 A kind of flowing water culture system for improving batch charger service life

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