CN102415293B - Ecological energy-saving and environment-friendly sustainable plant growing system - Google Patents

Ecological energy-saving and environment-friendly sustainable plant growing system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102415293B
CN102415293B CN2011102714337A CN201110271433A CN102415293B CN 102415293 B CN102415293 B CN 102415293B CN 2011102714337 A CN2011102714337 A CN 2011102714337A CN 201110271433 A CN201110271433 A CN 201110271433A CN 102415293 B CN102415293 B CN 102415293B
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module
plant
water
environmental protection
ecological energy
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CN102415293A (en
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刘彥红
刘永东
蔡繁荣
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Jiangsu Pipa Ecological Environment Construction Co ltd
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JIANGSU PIPA LANDSCAPE CO Ltd
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/10Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in agriculture
    • Y02A40/22Improving land use; Improving water use or availability; Controlling erosion

Abstract

The invention discloses an ecological energy-saving and environment-friendly sustainable plant growing system. The plant growing system is characterized by comprising a water storage and supply module (1), a permeable isolating unit (2), a nutrient soil layer (4) and a drip irrigation system (3), wherein a single or a plurality of water storage and supply modules (1) form a plant growing base, the plant growing base is arranged on a roof or a soilless foundation, and the water storage and supply module (1) consists of an upper module and a lower module which are connected by splicing; the permeable isolating unit (2) is placed on the plant growing base, namely the upper part of the water storage and supply module (1); the nutrient soil layer (4) is encircled on the upper part of the permeable isolating unit (2); and the drip irrigation system (3) is arranged in the nutrient soil layer (4). The plant growing system is simple in structure and convenient to manufacture, and does not need manual irrigation and maintenance under normal conditions.

Description

The sustainable type plant of ecological energy-saving environmental protection implant system
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of implant system, especially a kind of on the roof, the system of no soil site plant plantation such as roofing, the specifically sustainable type plant of a kind of ecological energy-saving environmental protection implant system.
Background technology
The modern city building is stood in great numbers, and green coverage sharply descends, and the urban environment living condition continues to worsen, and people have had unprecedented showing great attention to environment and ecology.In urban construction and the evolution, increase the greenery patches by variety of way, but greenery area still can not satisfy people to the demand of greening construction land.Roof greening is to create integrated greening space, city and increase the effective and the most direct measure of greenery area.
Experiment shows that the greening roof can make summer nice and cool, and winter is warm.The house of roof top garden is arranged than low 2~4 ℃ of the indoor temperature that does not have summer, can save air-conditioning power consumption 20%~40%; And building roof can be protected in the greening roof, enriches urban look, studies show that, the roof mean lifetime under greening covers is 40~50 years, and the life-span of exposed roofing has only 25 years.
Therefore be not only can the cooling and insulating effect for the meaning of development roof garden, and can beautify the environment, purify air, improve local microclimate, can also compensate the greening ground that building takies, improve the afforestation coverage rate of residential quarter greatly, and the building that has a roof top garden also can attract house purchaser's sight more.
And the existing technology of roof greening is directly plant species to be implanted in the circular port of a mould, on the surface of covering mould after the plant growth, but because the restriction of the hole size of mould own, optional floristics is less, the later stage plants ' aesthetics is relatively poor, and ecosystem benefit is not good.
For this reason, also have mould to be divided into two-layer up and down, the upper strata is the plantation space of earthing space and plant, and lower floor is the rainwater collection space.The shortcoming that this structure exists is: one, the size of mould determines thickness of soil, and thickness of soil then determines floristic selection; Two, a mould is exactly an independently unit of plantation, lacks and contact on every side, can not form a complete complex ecosystem, is unfavorable for the long term growth of plant; Three, a mould unit goes wrong, and will cause whole system to go wrong, and also make troubles to maintenance.
Above implant system also rainwater of ubiquity is collected and the problem of lack of water moisturizing the problem not high to the availability of rainwater.Therefore, designing a kind of can retaining can be to improve the plant growth cycle for plant provides the novel implant system of growth required water according to the plant growth needs again automatically, expands the key of varieties of plant.
Summary of the invention
The objective of the invention is lessly and the serike kind is single, kind is selected limited shortcoming at water storage space in the existing roof afforestation technology, design that a kind of cost is low, the environmental protection of the convenient ecological energy-saving again of construction is continuable, can prolong the drought-resistant ability of roof greening and enrich the sustainable type plant of the ecological energy-saving environmental protection implant system of the plants landscape effect on roof.
Technical scheme of the present invention is:
The sustainable type plant of a kind of ecological energy-saving environmental protection implant system is characterized in that comprising:
One water accumulating and supplying module 1, single or multiple water accumulating and supplying modules 1 are combined into plant species phytyl plinth, this plant species phytyl plinth is installed in the roof or does not have on the earth foundation, this water accumulating and supplying module 1 mainly is made up of upper module and lower module, upper module is pegged graft with lower module and is linked to each other, upper module is provided with card article 6, lower module is provided with draw-in groove 20, card article 6 inserts in the draw-in groove 20, described upper module comprises panel 22 and the load-bearing siphon tube 8 that links to each other with panel 22, be provided with a space of placing water absorbing agent in the described load-bearing siphon tube 8, the barrel of load-bearing siphon tube 8 is provided with siphon hole 9, and the bottom of load-bearing siphon tube 8 directly is bearing on the inner bottom surface of lower module or is suspended on the interior inner bottom surface of lower module; Described lower module is by forming with the connection fastener 13 that is connected with adjacent water accumulating and supplying module with the storage box 12 that panel 22 matches, connection fastener 13 is connected on the side of storage box 12, one side at the be provided with groove 14 that for connection fastener 13 adjacent water accumulating and supplying module 1 on insert relative with connection fastener 13;
One permeable isolated location 2, it is the top of water accumulating and supplying module 1 that this permeable isolated location 2 is placed on plant species phytyl plinth, be used for preventing that root system of plant from entering water accumulating and supplying module 1 that the lower surface of permeable isolated location 2 contacts in order to unnecessary water is being sent in the load-bearing siphon tube 8 or the water in the water absorbing agent is being sucked in the nutrition soil on its top with water absorbing agent in the described load-bearing siphon tube 8;
One nutrition soil layer 4, this nutrition soil layer 4 is enclosed the top of putting at permeable isolated location 2, and plant 5 is planted on the nutrition soil layer 4, and the root system of plant 5 is positioned at the surface that nutrition soil layer 4 terminates in described permeable isolated location 2;
One drip irrigation system 3, it is installed in the nutrition soil layer 4, and described drip irrigation system 3 is made up of the water pipe that has hole 21 and the nonwoven that is wrapped on the water pipe, and the water inlet of this water pipe links to each other with supply-water pump or water source.
The whole big up and small down terrace with edge structure of described upper module and lower module.
Described panel 22 is provided with infiltration hole 7.
The periphery of described panel 22 is provided with thickening edge closing bar 10.
The frustum structure that described load-bearing siphon tube 8 is big up and small down is provided with hypanthium bar 11 in its bottom outside.
The upper edge of described storage box 12 is provided with wing plate 23, and described groove 14 and draw-in groove 20 are positioned on the wing plate 23, and the top that is connected with edge sealing bar 15 and edge sealing bar 15 in the outside of wing plate 23 exceeds the upper surface of wing plate 23.
The inner bottom surface of described storage box 12 is provided with reinforcement 18, and outer bottom is provided with cross or the groined type inner groovy 17 of ventilation usefulness.
The box wall of described storage box 12 is provided with spillway hole 19, and this spillway hole 19 is connected with drainage pipeline.
Described water absorbing agent is earth, and described permeable isolated location 2 is nonwoven.
Around the described plant species phytyl plinth framework is installed also, the bottom of this framework is with the roof or do not have earth foundation and link to each other, and its top is not less than the upper surface of nutrition soil layer.
Beneficial effect of the present invention:
1, it is no longer isolated that the present invention makes the structure between the continuable plant implant system, plays one's part to the full by being closely connected each other.Not only can cooling and insulating, and can beautify the environment, purify air, improve local microclimate, can also compensate the greening ground that building takies, improve the afforestation coverage rate in city greatly.
2, compare with original roof afforestation technology, roof planting system architecture precision of the present invention, weight capacity is strong; Original planting patterns is directly plant species to be implanted in the hole in the mould, and selectable floristics is less, and cropping pattern is single, is not easy to form a system of complex ecological group; And cropping pattern earthing of the present invention is on mould, whole soil horizon is an organic whole, be a system of complex ecological group, and thickness of earth-fill cover can reach about 60cm, selectable floristics is more, so the plants landscape effect on roof also can be abundanter.
3, original roof greening is directly plant species to be implanted in the hole in the mould, most space is occupied by the plant plantation in the mould, and water storage space is little, and mould of the present invention is as storage box with whole box body, water storage space increases, and has also prolonged the drought resisting phase of plant greatly simultaneously.
4, original mould must be connected to become whole competence exertion effect, the words that module goes wrong will cause whole system to go wrong, though and the fundamental mechanism that utilizes module of the present invention to form is an integral body, but the fast water storage system of each mould is again separate, the situation that original mould occurs can not occur.
5, the present invention can realize the effect of quadruple root resistance, top blind flange and the bottom of nonwoven, mould have root resistance, utilize the water funk characteristic of root system of plant in addition, when in the soil during water saturation unnecessary water can penetrate in the catch basin (casing) of lower module, thereby can often reach state moisture in a kind of casing, and the water funk property of root system of plant will cause root system of plant can not extend to roofing automatically, so also play the effect of root resistance, significantly reduced the destruction of root system of plant to the building roof.
6, the present invention is simple in structure, and is easily manufactured, can adopt mould to realize large-scale production, can be made by 100% high density polyethylene (HDPE) and polypropylene regenerated plastics, energy uvioresistant, anti-aging, anti-impact pressure under normal circumstances need not man-made irrigation and maintenance, and the later maintenance expense is low.
7, of the present invention in light weight, be equivalent to conventional roof top garden 40-50%.
8, the present invention can realize modularized production mode, is convenient to construction and promotes, and improves application speed and efficient.
9, the present invention is a kind of roofing ecological circulation system that is independent of building.
10, the built on stilts technology of the present invention's employing is avoided directly contacting with the roof, and the inner groovy of bottom is conducive to ventilate.
11, the present invention has realized waterproof layer by layer, has powerful drainage function.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is plant implant system structural representation of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is that the water supply module that holds of the present invention is used in combination state plan structure schematic diagram.
Fig. 3 is the plan structure schematic diagram of lower module of the present invention.
Fig. 4 is the structural representation of looking up of lower module of the present invention.
Fig. 5 is the plan structure schematic diagram of upper module of the present invention.
Fig. 6 is the a-a cross-sectional schematic of Fig. 1.
Fig. 7 is the b-b cross-sectional schematic of Fig. 2.
Fig. 8 is the c-c cross-sectional schematic of Fig. 4.
Embodiment
The present invention is further illustrated below in conjunction with drawings and Examples.
Shown in Fig. 1-8.
The sustainable type plant of a kind of ecological energy-saving environmental protection implant system comprises:
One water accumulating and supplying module 1, single or multiple water accumulating and supplying modules 1 are combined into plant species phytyl plinth (as Fig. 2), this plant species phytyl plinth is installed in the roof or does not have on the earth foundation, this water accumulating and supplying module 1 mainly is made up of upper module (as Fig. 5) and lower module (as Fig. 3), upper module and lower module can be made by 100% high density polyethylene (HDPE) and the injection moulding of polypropylene regenerated plastics, energy uvioresistant, anti-aging, anti-impact pressure, the whole big up and small down terrace with edge structure of described upper module and lower module.Upper module links to each other by pegging graft with lower module, upper module is provided with card article 6, lower module is provided with draw-in groove 20, thereby card article 6 inserts the connection (as shown in Figure 2) that realizes both in the draw-in groove 20, described upper module comprises panel 22 and the load-bearing siphon tube 8 that links to each other with panel 22, the frustum structure (seeing Fig. 6,8) that load-bearing siphon tube 8 is big up and small down, and panel 22 is provided with infiltration hole 7, become can setting up of plate 22 to add the edge closing bar 10 of getting sun on every side, as Fig. 5; Be provided with a space of placing water absorbing agent (as earth) in the described load-bearing siphon tube 8, the barrel of load-bearing siphon tube 8 is provided with siphon hole 9, tube is provided with hypanthium bar 11(such as Fig. 8 in the end), the bottom of load-bearing siphon tube 8 directly is bearing on the inner bottom surface of lower module or is suspended on the inner bottom surface of lower module.Described lower module is by forming with the connection fastener 13 that is connected with adjacent water supply module with the storage box 12 that panel 22 matches, connection fastener 13 is connected on the side of storage box 12, one side at the be provided with groove 14 that for connection fastener adjacent water supply module on insert relative with connection fastener 13.The upper edge of described storage box 12 can be provided with wing plate 23(such as Fig. 6,7 during concrete enforcement), described groove 14 and draw-in groove 20 are positioned on the wing plate 23, and the top that is connected with edge sealing bar 15 and edge sealing bar 15 in the outside of wing plate 23 exceeds the upper surface of wing plate 23.In addition, on the inner bottom surface of storage box 12, also can be provided with reinforcement 18(Fig. 3), outer bottom is provided with cross or groined type inner groovy 17(Fig. 4 of ventilation usefulness).The box wall of described storage box 12 is provided with spillway hole 19(Fig. 7).
The permeable isolated location 2 that one usefulness nonwoven is made, it is the top of water accumulating and supplying module 1 that this permeable isolated location 2 is placed on plant species phytyl plinth, be used for preventing that root system of plant from entering water accumulating and supplying module 1 that the lower surface of permeable isolated location 2 contacts in order to unnecessary water is being sent in the load-bearing siphon tube 8 or the water in the water absorbing agent is being sucked in the nutrition soil on its top with water absorbing agent in the described load-bearing siphon tube 8;
One nutrition soil layer 4, this nutrition soil layer 4 is enclosed the top of putting at permeable isolated location 2, and plant 5 is planted on the nutrition soil layer 4, and the root system of plant 5 is positioned at the surface that nutrition soil layer 4 terminates in described permeable isolated location 2;
One drip irrigation system 3, it is installed in the nutrition soil layer 4, and described drip irrigation system 3 is made up of the water pipe that has hole 21 and the nonwoven that is wrapped on the water pipe, and the water inlet of this water pipe links to each other with supply-water pump or water source.
One framework, this framework enclose be contained in plant species phytyl plinth around, the bottom of this framework is with the roof or do not have earth foundation and realize detachable the connection, its top is not less than the upper surface of nutrition soil layer.
The implant system of being made up of above five major parts as shown in Figure 1.
Details are as follows:
Whole implant system of the present invention can be divided into following which floor:
1. plant is planted module, it is fundamental mechanism and storage box below the roof greening, it forms a plane by being connected of draw-in groove, but each mould is again a separate unit, it can splice in conjunction with different roofings, and the size of module can change with the requirement of roofing.It is to be made by 100% high density polyethylene (HDPE) and polypropylene regenerated plastics, is a kind of environment-friendly materials that can be recycled, but uvioresistant, anti-aging, anti-impact is pressed, and under normal circumstances is a kind of roof planting modules that need not the environmental protection and energy saving of man-made irrigation and maintenance.
Plant plantation module is divided into two parts up and down, and the first half is made up of top blind flange and 16 taper load-bearing pillars, and top blind flange has infiltration hole, connection fastener and thickening edge closing bar.Pyramidal structure and top blind flange are combined closely, and pyramidal structure bottom is the hole that network structure and wall arbitrarily are studded with the 2*2 millimeter about 10, and we insert soil in pyramidal structure, as the medium of conducting water, play the effect of load-bearing and siphon simultaneously; The top cover board then is network structure, and the size of hole is the 4*4 millimeter, and the effect of hole has guaranteed that water can penetrate in the casing fast, can play certain root resistance effect again; The latter half of plant plantation module is that the carrying container of the first half also is an independent storage box, mainly is made up of rainwater collecting box, cross recess, spillway hole, module combinations fastener and edge sealing bar.Under the situation that the moisture in the soil horizon reaches capacity, moisture penetrates in the casing of module fast by the infiltration hole, and after the water in casing arrived certain altitude, unnecessary water was just from flowing out near the spillway hole at wall box top; And when the water content in the soil was less than certain value, the soil in the pyramidal structure was drawn into the moisture in the box by capillary generation siphon and plays the moistening irrigation effect in the soil, thereby had prolonged the drought resisting phase of plant 40%.
2. nonwoven is laid layer of non-woven fabric in plant plantation module, has both played the effect of filtering, and has reduced the leaching of soil again.
3. drip irrigation system, drip irrigation system is economized on water the most, can effectively reduce surface evaporation and rainwash.We arrange the 32mm feed pipe in soil, the hole of some diameter 5-10mm of the surface arrangement of water pipe wraps up water pipe with nonwoven again, and it is aging that water pipe is difficult for, and have guaranteed the permanence of drip irrigation system.In the process of using, also can in the source of feed pipe, add fertilizer, satisfy the plant needed nutrient of growing.
4. nutrition soil layer, the soil horizon of whole roofing is an integral body, moisture in the soil, nutrients etc. influence each other, can also be according to the requirements of different roofings separately, and wall thickness and the material that can change column structure in the plant plantation module are regulated edaphic thickness, the thickest reaching about 60cm, more be conducive to the growth of plant, guaranteed the sustainability of roof view, the plants landscape effect on roof also so abundanter.
5. plant, thickness of soil can reach about 60cm, on the kind of plant more selection can be arranged.To select the positive, evergreen, locality and heat-resisting cold-resistant plant, consider that simultaneously the area of roof greening is generally less, for it being arranged comparatively exquisite, can select the higher new varieties of some ornamental values for use, to improve the class of roof top garden.
The foundation structure of whole system is plant plantation module, and it is the core of whole system.Pyramidal structure is most important component in module the first half, and it has two big functions:
One, pyramidal structure is being born the weight from soil and plant, the indirect roof that weight is distributed to building by the taper load-bearing pillar again, can protect module itself not to be destroyed so effectively, we can be by the thickness that changes pyramidal structure and the thickness that material is regulated upper layer of soil in addition;
Two, pyramidal structure is a siphoning installation, when the water content in the soil is less than certain value, soil in the pyramidal structure will produce siphon by capillary the water in the casing is drawn into the drought resisting phase that has prolonged plant 40% in the soil, has saved curing time and maintenance cost greatly.
In order to make this rooftop zoology system can be fit to different soils thickness, the instructions for use on the roof of different field, the plantation module has following characteristics:
1. planting the size of planting module can select according to the condition on different roofs, and selectable size has 300*300,400*400 and 600*600 etc.;
2. according to building roof load-bearing condition, thickness of earth covering can be regulated edaphic thickness by the wall thickness and the material that change column structure in the plant plantation module, the thickest reaching about 60cm more is conducive to the growth of plant, guaranteed the sustainability of roof view;
3. plant the shape of the bottom design across inner groovy of planting module, both made module built on stilts, be convenient to drain fast too much ponding; The roof is maintained the circulation of air and dry status, playing very big help aspect the growth of plant; Can reduce the pressure to the roof again, improve the weight capacity on building roof,
4. plant wall and the first half column construction of planting module the latter half casing and all be designed to taper, be beneficial to the stack of intermodule, convenient transportation and construction reduce construction area.
The part that the present invention does not relate to all prior art that maybe can adopt same as the prior art is realized.

Claims (9)

1. the sustainable type plant of ecological energy-saving environmental protection implant system is characterized in that comprising:
One water accumulating and supplying module (1), single or multiple water accumulating and supplying modules (1) are combined into plant species phytyl plinth, this plant species phytyl plinth is installed in the roof or does not have on the earth foundation, this water accumulating and supplying module (1) mainly is made up of upper module and lower module, upper module is pegged graft with lower module and is linked to each other, upper module is provided with card article (6), lower module is provided with draw-in groove (20), card article (6) inserts in the draw-in groove (20), described upper module comprises panel (22) and the load-bearing siphon tube (8) that links to each other with panel (22), be provided with a space of placing water absorbing agent in the described load-bearing siphon tube (8), the barrel of load-bearing siphon tube (8) is provided with siphon hole (9), and the bottom of load-bearing siphon tube (8) directly is bearing on the inner bottom surface of lower module or is suspended on the inner bottom surface of lower module; Described lower module is by forming with the connection fastener (13) that is connected with adjacent water accumulating and supplying module with the storage box (12) that panel (22) matches, connection fastener (13) is connected on the side of storage box (12), with connection fastener (13) one side the relative groove (14) that inserts for the connection fastener (13) on the adjacent water accumulating and supplying module (1) that is provided with;
One permeable isolated location (2), it is the top of water accumulating and supplying module (1) that this permeable isolated location (2) is placed on plant species phytyl plinth, be used for preventing that root system of plant from entering water accumulating and supplying module (1) that the lower surface of permeable isolated location (2) contacts with water absorbing agent in the described load-bearing siphon tube (8); Described panel (22) is provided with infiltration hole (7); The outer bottom of described storage box (12) is provided with cross or the groined type inner groovy (17) of ventilation usefulness; Described permeable isolated location (2) is nonwoven;
One nutrition soil layer (4), this nutrition soil layer (4) is enclosed the top of putting in permeable isolated location (2), plant (5) is planted on the nutrition soil layer (4), and the root system of plant (5) is positioned at the surface that nutrition soil layer (4) terminates in described permeable isolated location (2);
One drip irrigation system (3), it is installed in the nutrition soil layer (4), and described drip irrigation system (3) is made up of the water pipe that has hole (21) and the nonwoven that is wrapped on the water pipe, and the water inlet of this water pipe links to each other with supply-water pump or water source.
2. the sustainable type plant of ecological energy-saving environmental protection according to claim 1 implant system is characterized in that the whole big up and small down terrace with edge structure of described upper module and lower module.
3. the sustainable type plant of ecological energy-saving environmental protection according to claim 1 implant system is characterized in that the periphery of described panel (22) is provided with thickening edge closing bar (10).
4. the sustainable type plant of ecological energy-saving environmental protection according to claim 1 implant system is characterized in that the frustum structure that described load-bearing siphon tube (8) is big up and small down, is provided with hypanthium bar (11) in its bottom outside.
5. the sustainable type plant of ecological energy-saving environmental protection according to claim 1 implant system, the upper edge that it is characterized in that described storage box (12) is provided with wing plate (23), described groove (14) and draw-in groove (20) are positioned on the wing plate (23), and the top that is connected with edge sealing bar (15) and edge sealing bar (15) in the outside of wing plate (23) exceeds the upper surface of wing plate (23).
6. the sustainable type plant of ecological energy-saving environmental protection according to claim 1 implant system is characterized in that the inner bottom surface of described storage box (12) is provided with reinforcement (18).
7. the sustainable type plant of ecological energy-saving environmental protection according to claim 1 implant system is characterized in that the box wall of described storage box (12) is provided with spillway hole (19), and this spillway hole (19) is connected with drainage pipeline.
8. the sustainable type plant of ecological energy-saving environmental protection according to claim 1 implant system is characterized in that described water absorbing agent is earth.
9. according to the sustainable type plant of the ecological energy-saving environmental protection implant system of stating of claim 1, it is characterized in that described plant species phytyl plinth around framework also is installed, the bottom of this framework is with the roof or do not have earth foundation and link to each other, and its top is not less than the upper surface of nutrition soil layer.
CN2011102714337A 2011-09-14 2011-09-14 Ecological energy-saving and environment-friendly sustainable plant growing system Active CN102415293B (en)

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