CN102211969A - Method for preparing chicken manure fertilizer bricks - Google Patents

Method for preparing chicken manure fertilizer bricks Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102211969A
CN102211969A CN2010101382062A CN201010138206A CN102211969A CN 102211969 A CN102211969 A CN 102211969A CN 2010101382062 A CN2010101382062 A CN 2010101382062A CN 201010138206 A CN201010138206 A CN 201010138206A CN 102211969 A CN102211969 A CN 102211969A
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chicken manure
raw material
frame
fertilizer
screw
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CN2010101382062A
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Chinese (zh)
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张岩
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Individual
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Individual
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/10Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in agriculture
    • Y02A40/20Fertilizers of biological origin, e.g. guano or fertilizers made from animal corpses

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Abstract

The invention discloses a method for preparing manure fertilizer bricks. The method comprises a raw material mixing process and a blank drying process. The raw material mixing process comprises the following steps of: putting fresh chicken manure with the water content of 60 percent into a chicken manure drying machine to form a pure chicken manure raw material; and then putting the pure chicken manure raw material into a stirring mill, adding a chicken fermenting agent, bacillus natto fermentation strains and water simultaneously, stirring, and fermenting the chicken manure fermenting raw material for 1 week. The blank drying process comprises the following steps of: putting 30-50 percent by weight of loess, 30-50 percent by weight of chicken manure fermenting raw material and 10-20 percent by weight of water into the stirring mill for stirring, and putting the mixture into a frame of a blank mold machine for extruding to form molded chicken manure fertilizer brick blanks; and placing the chicken manure fertilizer brick blanks on a drying field, stacking into buttresses among which gaps are formed for spacing and naturally ventilating for drying for 72 hours. The method is scientific and reasonable in design, and is rich in ideas; and the chicken manure fertilizer bricks made of chicken manure have the advantages of low cost, non-toxicity, environmental friendliness, higher practicability and better development prospect, do not burn roots and seedlings, can prevent soil hardening and increase soil fertility, are suitable for fertilizer application to various soils and various crops.

Description

The making method of chicken manure fertilizer brick
Technical field
What the present invention relates to is the making method of fertilizer, and concrete is the making method of being convenient to transport, store, revolve fertile chicken manure fertilizer brick of utilizing chicken manure to make.
Background technology
Along with the raising of science and technology development and people's living standard, the consumption of egg increases day by day, thereby facilitates the fast development of poultry husbandry, simultaneously the also corresponding certain difficulty of bringing.
Described difficulty is exactly the processing to chicken manure, and a large amount of chickens is young can to produce a large amount of chicken manures, and it all is that nature is banked up that present most of raiser handles ight soil, but does the very big hidden danger of existence like this, especially is not easy fully to become thoroughly decomposed.During stacking naturally, leaving to expose to the weather drenches with rain, and not only nutrient loss is serious, also causes problem of environmental pollution.Specifically, mainly contain following several big harm:
1, contains germ and insects such as colibacillus, nematode in the ight soil, directly use the propagation, the crop morbidity that cause disease and pest, the HUMAN HEALTH of food agricultural produce is also exerted an influence; When the organic substance that do not become thoroughly decomposed ferments, grow germ and insect pest easily in soil, also cause the generation of plant pest.
2, do not have the livings excrement of fermentation to execute in the ground after, when fermentation condition possesses, give birth to ight soil and begin fermentation, if the fermentation position is nearer apart from root, and crop plant is less, the heat that fermentation produces can influence plant growth, causes plant death in the time of seriously.
3, produce obnoxious flavoures such as methane, ammonia in the fermentative degradation process, the ight soil that does not fully become thoroughly decomposed is directly used and can be made soil and make deposits yields acid evil and the root system damage.
4, pile up in the chicken manure process in tradition, owing to reasons such as natural decomposition, wind and weathers, the waste of nutrients such as nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium is run off very serious, and general utilization has only 50%.
5, not in the organic fertilizer of fermentation maturity nutrient mostly be organic or slow attitude, can not directly be absorbed by crop, have only decomposition and inversion to become quick-acting attitudes, could be absorbed by crop.So fermentation is not directly used fertilizer efficiency is slowed down.
6, plant adopts the direct method of application ight soil of dissolving, and ight soil can also be disposed when farm crop fertilising peak; Apply fertilizer dull season, ight soil be nobody shows any interest in, have to pile up at one's discretion, and wind and weather, fertilizer efficiency runs off, contaminate environment.
Processing to any one chicken house chicken manure all is insoluble troubling big problem, does not also have the good method that solves up to now.
Summary of the invention
The objective of the invention is does not also have the treatment process of suitable science in order to solve chicken house for the processing of chicken manure, manufacture simply and provide a kind of, be convenient to transportation, storage, carrying, fertilising, and be difficult for the making method of utilizing the chicken manure fertilizer brick that chicken manure makes of forfeiture fertilizer efficiency again.
The technical scheme that adopts is:
The making method of chicken manure fertilizer brick comprises raw material mix technology and base drying process.
Described raw material mix technology comprises two operations such as dewatered drying, fermentation mix; Above-mentioned dewatered drying operation is: the freshly-slaughtered poultry excrement raw material that will the contain moisture 60% chicken manure dryer of packing into, in the chicken manure dryer, carry out dust removal successively, and purify, hyperthermia drying concentrates process formation such as pulverizings and contains the pure chicken manure raw material of moisture below 13%; Above-mentioned pure chicken manure raw material is sent into fermentation mix operation to be proceeded to dispose;
Above-mentioned fermentation mix operation is: pure chicken manure raw material is taken out the stirrer of packing into, pack into simultaneously chicken manure fermenting agent, Bacillus natto fermented bacterium and water from the chicken manure dryer; Working routine is: the stirrer of earlier pure chicken manure raw material and chicken manure fermenting agent being packed into, after mixing stirring, the Bacillus natto fermented bacterium poured into dissolve in the water and dilute, subsequently Bacillus natto fermented bacterium liquid is packed into stirrer and chicken manure raw material and chicken manure fermenting agent stir in the lump; Stirring becomes the chicken manure fermenting raw material, the chicken manure fermenting raw material after stirring is packed into fill compacting in the fermentation vat, and airtight fully behind the venting air, temperature remains 25-35 ℃, ferments a week.
Above-mentioned chicken manure fermenting agent is commercially available finished product.
Above-mentioned base drying process comprises base and dry two operations; Described preforming is that the chicken manure fermenting raw material is taken out from fermentation vat, loess with 30%-50%, the chicken manure fermenting raw material of 30%-50%, the water of the 10%-20% stirrer of packing into stirs, stir and take out from stirrer after 20 minutes, put into mold machine frame extruding, then promote the frame of mold machine, that puts on the bottom surface is chicken manure fertilizer adobe of moulding;
Above-mentioned drying process is that chicken manure fertilizer adobe that will be seated in the moulding on the mold machine bottom surface is placed in airing field sign indicating number and becomes space foraminous buttress, carries out natural draft drying 72 hours.
Above-mentioned mold machine comprises pedestal, bottom surface, frame, pressing plate and depression bar; Frame is positioned at the top of bottom surface and flexibly connects with the bottom surface, frame is rectangle, the centre is provided with a plurality of lattice retainings that spacing equates, fixedly connected with the both sides of frame in the two ends of a plurality of lattice retainings, the rear side of frame is provided with down screw, and following screw is fixedlyed connected with frame, following screw is rotationally connected with following leading screw, fixedly connected with the shaft of following motor in the lower end of following leading screw, following motor is fixed on the pedestal bottom
One side of following leading screw is set side by side with leading screw, and last leading screw and last screw are rotationally connected, and fixedlys connected with the shaft of last motor in the lower end of last leading screw, and last motor is fixed on the pedestal bottom; Last screw is fixedlyed connected with depression bar, fixedlys connected with pressing plate in the bottom of depression bar.
Principle of work of the present invention:
The present invention at first carries out starter to chicken manure and handles, in the process of chicken manure fermenting, temperature can reach more than 70 degrees centigrade and lasting several hrs, energy is degerm, virus effectively, microorganism breeds and produces a large amount of special efficacy metabolic substds in a large number in the process of fermentation, as microbiotic, hormone etc., improve the crop disease-resistant ability.And nontoxic pollution-free does not burn root, does not burn seedling, can keep soil from packing together, culture fertility, is applicable to various soil, and various crops have the incomparable superiority of other chemical fertilizer, and raising product quality, increase crop yield are all had unusual effect.
The chicken manure fermenting raw material is added loess make adobe, effectively preserve fertilizer efficiency, increase fertilization area, the structure of improving the soil.Be easy to transportation and storage.
Characteristics of the present invention:
1, makes full use of the movement in poulty house, not only solved the utilization of refuse but also solved environmental issue.
2, in chicken manure, add starter, improved fertilizer efficiency widely.
3, make simply, be easy to keeping, transportation, carrying, fertilising.
4, easy to use, operate as executing farm manure.
Design science of the present invention, reasonable, original, the reduce power consumption of chicken manure fertilizer brick, the low cost of utilizing chicken manure to make, nontoxic pollution-free does not burn root, does not burn seedling, can keep soil from packing together, culture fertility, and practicality is stronger, has development prospect preferably.Suitable various soil, various crop fertilizations use.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is a FB(flow block) of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is a mold machine structural representation of the present invention.
Embodiment
Embodiment one
The making method of chicken manure fertilizer brick comprises raw material mix technology and base drying process.
Described raw material mix technology comprises two operations such as dewatered drying, fermentation mix; Above-mentioned dewatered drying operation is: the freshly-slaughtered poultry excrement raw material that will the contain moisture 60% chicken manure dryer of packing into, the chicken manure dryer carries out thorough dust removal successively, purify, hyperthermia drying concentrates that process formation such as pulverizings contains that the nitrogen content of moisture below 13% is 2.6%, phosphorus content is 3.5%, potassium content is 2.5%, crude protein is that 16-25%, organic matter are 45% pure chicken manure raw material.
Above-mentioned fermentation mix operation is: pure chicken manure raw material is taken out from the chicken manure dryer through the feeder stirrer of packing into, pack into simultaneously chicken manure fermenting agent, Bacillus natto fermented bacterium and water, wherein per-cent is that pure chicken manure raw material is 74%, the chicken manure fermenting agent is 0.193%, the Bacillus natto fermented bacterium is 0.007%, and water is 25.8%.
Working routine is: the stirrer of earlier pure chicken manure raw material and chicken manure fermenting agent being packed into, mix, stir after 5 minutes, the Bacillus natto fermented bacterium poured into dissolve in the water and dilute, subsequently Bacillus natto fermented bacterium liquid is packed into stirrer and chicken manure raw material and chicken manure fermenting agent stirred 15 minutes in the lump; Stirring becomes the chicken manure fermenting raw material, the chicken manure fermenting raw material after stirring is packed into fill compacting in the fermentation vat, and airtight fully behind the venting air, temperature remains 25-35 ℃, ferments a week.
The ight soil the like waste is carried out fermentative processing fast, can effectively prevent the generation of poultry disease.Starter adopts the compound microbial microbial inoculum, and major microorganisms has floras such as bacterium, thread fungus, yeast, actinomycetes, and wherein thermoactinomyces and bacteria content are higher.Can become green non-pollution fertilizer by quick composting to organic wastes such as feces of livestock and poultry, solve aquaculture and urban and rural environment safety problem, turn waste into wealth, turn harm into good, the recycle resource is protected environment, is prevented that disease infects, prevents nutrient loss etc.
Above-mentioned chicken manure fermenting agent is commercially available finished product.
Above-mentioned base drying process comprises base and dry two operations; Described preforming is that the chicken manure fermenting raw material is taken out from fermentation vat; loess with 35%; 49% chicken manure fermenting raw material; 16% the water stirrer of packing into stirs; stir and take out from stirrer after 20 minutes; put into mold machine frame extruding, then promote the frame of mold machine, that puts on the bottom surface is chicken manure fertilizer adobe of moulding.
Above-mentioned drying process is that chicken manure fertilizer adobe that will be seated in the moulding on the bottom surface is placed in airing field sign indicating number and becomes space foraminous buttress, carries out natural draft drying 72 hours.
Above-mentioned mold machine comprises pedestal 2, bottom surface 3, frame 4, pressing plate 5 and depression bar 9; Frame 4 is positioned at the top of bottom surface 3 and flexibly connects with bottom surface 3, be that frame 4 can promote or descend, frame 4 can leave bottom surface 3 or replace mutually with bottom surface 3, frame 4 is rectangle, the centre is provided with a plurality of lattice retainings 8 that spacing equates, fixedly connected with the both sides of frame 4 in the two ends of a plurality of lattice retainings 8, the rear side of frame 4 is provided with down screw 6, following screw 6 is fixedlyed connected with frame 4, following screw 6 is rotationally connected with following leading screw 7, fixedly connected with the shaft of following motor 1 in the lower end of following leading screw 7, following motor 1 is fixed on pedestal 2 bottoms.
One side of following leading screw 7 is set side by side with leading screw 11, and last leading screw 11 is rotationally connected with last screw 10, fixedlys connected with the shaft of last motor 12 in the lower end of last leading screw 11, and last motor 12 is fixed on pedestal 2 bottoms; Last screw 10 is fixedlyed connected with depression bar 9, fixedlys connected with pressing plate 5 in the bottom of depression bar 9.
Embodiment two
Embodiment two and embodiment one are basic identical; different is: above-mentioned preforming is that the chicken manure fermenting raw material is taken out from fermentation vat; loess with 46%; 36% chicken manure fermenting raw material; 18% the water stirrer of packing into stirs, and stirs after 20 minutes and takes out from stirrer, puts into mold machine frame and pushes; then promote the frame of mold machine, that puts on the bottom surface is chicken manure fertilizer adobe of moulding.
Embodiment three
Embodiment three and embodiment one are basic identical; different is: above-mentioned preforming is that the chicken manure fermenting raw material is taken out from fermentation vat; loess with 40%; 46% chicken manure fermenting raw material; 14% the water stirrer of packing into stirs, and stirs after 20 minutes and takes out from stirrer, puts into mold machine frame and pushes; then promote the frame of mold machine, that puts on the bottom surface is chicken manure fertilizer adobe of moulding.

Claims (2)

1. the making method of chicken manure fertilizer brick comprises raw material mix technology and base drying process; Described raw material mix technology comprises two operations such as dewatered drying, fermentation mix; Above-mentioned dewatered drying operation is: the freshly-slaughtered poultry excrement raw material that will the contain moisture 60% chicken manure dryer of packing into forms pure chicken manure raw material; Above-mentioned fermentation mix operation is: pure chicken manure raw material is taken out the stirrer of packing into from the chicken manure dryer, pack into simultaneously chicken manure fermenting agent, Bacillus natto fermented bacterium and water, stirring becomes the chicken manure fermenting raw material, and the chicken manure fermenting raw material after will stirring packs into and fills compacting in the fermentation vat, ferments a week; It is characterized in that:
Above-mentioned base drying process comprises base and dry two operations; Described preforming is that the chicken manure fermenting raw material is taken out from fermentation vat, loess with 30%-50%, the chicken manure fermenting raw material of 30%-50%, the water of the 10%-20% stirrer of packing into stirs, stir and take out from stirrer after 20 minutes, put into mold machine frame extruding, then promote the frame of mold machine, that puts on the mold machine bottom surface is chicken manure fertilizer adobe of moulding;
Above-mentioned drying process is that chicken manure fertilizer adobe that will be seated in the moulding on the bottom surface is placed in airing field sign indicating number and becomes space foraminous buttress, carries out natural draft drying 72 hours.
2. the making method of chicken manure fertilizer brick according to claim 1 is characterized in that: above-mentioned mold machine comprises pedestal (2), bottom surface (3), frame (4), pressing plate (5) and depression bar (9); Frame (4) is positioned at the top of bottom surface (3) and flexibly connects with bottom surface (3), frame (4) is rectangle, the centre is provided with a plurality of lattice retainings (8) that spacing equates, fixedly connected with the both sides of frame (4) in the two ends of a plurality of lattice retainings (8), the rear side of frame (4) is provided with down screw (6), following screw (6) is fixedlyed connected with frame (4), following screw (6) is rotationally connected with following leading screw (7), fixedly connected with the shaft of following motor (1) in the lower end of following leading screw (7), following motor (1) is fixed on pedestal (2) bottom;
One side of following leading screw (7) is set side by side with leading screw (11), and last leading screw (11) is rotationally connected with last screw (10), fixedlys connected with the shaft of last motor (12) in the lower end of last leading screw (11), and last motor (12) is fixed on pedestal (2) bottom; Last screw (10) is fixedlyed connected with depression bar (9), fixedlys connected with pressing plate (5) in the bottom of depression bar (9).
CN2010101382062A 2010-04-02 2010-04-02 Method for preparing chicken manure fertilizer bricks Pending CN102211969A (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2010101382062A CN102211969A (en) 2010-04-02 2010-04-02 Method for preparing chicken manure fertilizer bricks

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102640839A (en) * 2012-04-27 2012-08-22 赤峰市农牧科学研究院 Efficient chicken manure fermenting agent and preparation method and application thereof
CN108558180A (en) * 2018-04-04 2018-09-21 朱德仲 A kind of pig manure reuse means of environmental protection

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102640839A (en) * 2012-04-27 2012-08-22 赤峰市农牧科学研究院 Efficient chicken manure fermenting agent and preparation method and application thereof
CN102640839B (en) * 2012-04-27 2013-06-05 赤峰市农牧科学研究院 Efficient chicken manure fermenting agent and preparation method and application thereof
CN108558180A (en) * 2018-04-04 2018-09-21 朱德仲 A kind of pig manure reuse means of environmental protection
CN108558180B (en) * 2018-04-04 2021-03-05 于浩 Pig manure recycling device of environmental protection

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Application publication date: 20111012