CN105638399A - Functional type soilless culture substrate using mushroom dreg and biogas residue as raw material - Google Patents

Functional type soilless culture substrate using mushroom dreg and biogas residue as raw material Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105638399A
CN105638399A CN201410636278.8A CN201410636278A CN105638399A CN 105638399 A CN105638399 A CN 105638399A CN 201410636278 A CN201410636278 A CN 201410636278A CN 105638399 A CN105638399 A CN 105638399A
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China
Prior art keywords
slag
culture substrate
natural pond
soilless culture
raw
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Pending
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CN201410636278.8A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
乜兰春
田聪聪
苏敬
孟瑞青
侯乐梅
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Hebei Agricultural University
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Hebei Agricultural University
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Priority to CN201410636278.8A priority Critical patent/CN105638399A/en
Publication of CN105638399A publication Critical patent/CN105638399A/en
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P60/00Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries
    • Y02P60/20Reduction of greenhouse gas [GHG] emissions in agriculture, e.g. CO2
    • Y02P60/21Dinitrogen oxide [N2O], e.g. using aquaponics, hydroponics or efficiency measures

Abstract

A functional type soilless culture substrate using mushroom dreg and biogas residue as raw materials belongs to the agricultural cultivation technical field; the mushroom dreg, the biogas residue and roseite are mixed according to a volume ratio of 1:2:1; 1% of agriculture water-retaining agent and 8% of bacterial enzyme bio-organic fertilizer are added according to weight ratio, and are fully stirred; the mushroom dreg is formed by fermenting and composting waste mushroom dregs generated by oyster mushroom, and the oyster mushroom is cultured by using the culture substrate formed by 50% crushed corncob and 50% cottonseed hulls, and the fermented and composted dregs are aired or dried to have the water content below 15%; the biogas residue is solid material obtained by a residue-liquid separation system after large scale biogas digester fermentation of cow dung generated by an intensified cattle farm, and the processed solid material is aired or dried to have the water content below 15%; the roseite is garden reseite with grain size of 2-5mm; the bacterial enzyme bio-organic fertilizer has valid viable count >= 20 million/gram, and organic matter is >=25%. The beneficial effects are that the substrate uses agriculture and animal husbandry waste like the mushroom dregs and biogas residue as main material, thus reducing environment pollution, reducing production cost, removing non-renewable resource dependency like turf, and providing water-retaining, growth assisting and anti-disease effects.

Description

A kind of taking bacterium slag and natural pond slag as the functional type soilless culture substrate of raw material
Technical field
The present invention relates to the substrate formula in soilless culture, belong to technical field of agricultural cultivation. It is a kind of taking bacterium slag and natural pond slag as principal constituent, there is the functional type substrate formula of Bao Shui, growth encourage, prophylaxis effect.
Background technology
The dependence to soil has been broken away from soilless culture, the space resources such as barren beach, roof, balcony can be made full use of produce, and soil-borne disease, salinification that soil cultivation brings can be overcome, the disadvantageous effect such as harden, and has high yield, high-quality, the plurality of advantages such as controlled and pollution-free. Soilless culture form mainly comprises substrate culture, water planting, mist training. The training of water planting, mist provides nutritive substance by nutritive medium, and cost height, the preparation of nutritive medium and administrative skill by force, more difficult are grasped by the general producer, limit its large-area applications in China. And substrate soiless cultivation the has advantage such as less investment, cost are low, easy operation, become the main form of soilless culture at present.
In substrate soiless cultivation process, matrix is basis. Conventional soilless culture substrate material has sand, stone sand, perlite, vermiculite, rock wool, peat, wood sawdust, rice husk etc. The soilless culture substrate material of most widespread use is peat and rock wool in the world, and they have ideal physico-chemical property. Rock wool cost is expensive, and the sterilization of rock wool, the desalinization of soil by flooding or leaching, recycling and harmless treatment difficulty are relatively big, and China there is no the agricultural rock wool product of high-quality at present for production and application. The substrate material that China is most widely used is peat, and peat is non-renewable natural resources, and long-term exploitation certainly will cause the exhaustion of resource, at present, owing to natural peat has been carried out restricted exploitation by some countries, some country even prohibits adopts, it is necessary to develop the substitute of peat as early as possible.
Along with reasons such as the development of China's rural economy and the transformations of people's lives mode, agricultural wastes are constantly maximum, but resource utilization degree is very low, and the social problems such as the wasting of resources that causes, environmental pollution are day by day outstanding. Such as along with the development of mushroom industry, the quantity of bacterium slag sharply increases, China produces the edible fungi residue of more than 5,000 ten thousand tons every year, owing to bacterium slag is not well utilized, arbitrarily abandon, not only cause the wasting of resources, bacterium slag moldy metamorphism, also can contaminated land and water source, mould spores with the wind around waft, also can endanger the healthy of people.How to dissolve and utilize the severe problem of these bacterium slags pendulum in face of scientific and technical personnel. For another example the development of livestock and poultry breeding industry, the pollution problem of feces of livestock and poultry is also more and more serious, and the generation of China's only cow dung just has tens00000000 tons every year. At present; some scale livestock farming have built the biogas engineering of the dirty harmless treatment of excrement; biogas is made a living as the energy to produce to live and is utilized; though but produced biogas residue and biogas liquid application on the crops such as vegetables and obtain good effect, but being also subject to a definite limitation owing to transporting the big area Commercialization application of the problems such as inconvenience in agriculture production. How to be developed further by these liquid natural pond, natural pond slags is problem demanding prompt solution.
In Vegetable produce, there is liquid manure utilising efficiency low; The problems such as the growth that continuous cropping and adverse circumstance cause is weak, and disease and pest is serious. How economizing on water, save fertilizer, improve cultivation medium (soil, matrix) micro-ecological environment, promote vegetable plant stalwartness growth, reducing disease and pest is current urgent problem.
Summary of the invention
The present invention is in order to the problem in technical solution background; have developed a kind of taking agricultural wastes bacterium slag, natural pond slag as main component; add the compound soilless culture substrate formula of water-holding agent and enzymatic microorganism; this formula makes full use of the agricultural wastes such as the natural pond slag of edible mushrooms large-scale production waste material bacterium slag and the formation of scale livestock farming ight soil; be conducive to reducing environmental pollution; reduce production cost, break away from the dependence to the peat composed of rotten mosses. This matrix has the effects such as Bao Shui, growth encourage, diseases prevention. Can be used as canopy room vegetable soilless culture matrix and family's vegetable potted matrix.
The technical scheme of the present invention is achieved in that
Bacterium slag, natural pond slag and vermiculite mix by the volume ratio of 1: 2: 1, then by weight adding 1% agricultural water-loss reducer and 8% ferment bacteria organic fertilizer, fully mixed even.
Described bacterium slag be the useless bacterium slag produced after utilizing 50% corn cob and 50% cotton seed hulls to do cultivation matrix cultivating white mushroom through fermentation maturity, more first by bacterium slag ferment, then through dry or with drying machine drying to water content less than 15%.
Described natural pond slag be intensive cattle farm produce cow dung through large methane tank ferment after, the solid matter obtained by slag liquid separation system, then through dry or with drying machine drying to water content less than 15%.
Described vermiculite is gardening vermiculite, particle diameter 2-5mm.
Described ferment bacteria organic fertilizer living bacteria count >=0.2 hundred million/gram, organic matter >=25%.
The useful effect that the present invention produces is:
Utilize the agriculture wastes such as bacterium slag, natural pond slag to do main component, be conducive to reducing environmental pollution, reduce production cost, broken away from the dependence to the peat composed of rotten mosses this kind of Nonrenewable resources, also there is Bao Shui, growth encourage, prophylaxis effect.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with embodiment, the present invention is described further:
Step 1: the fermentation of bacterium slag
(1) waste mushroom stick removes plastics bag, pulverizes after drying, and every 1000kg adds organic matter decomposing inoculant 1kg, evenly and add water, make bacterium slag water content reach 50%-60%, namely possess water logging and go out with hand-tight but do not drip and be advisable. By in heaps for the bacterium slag muck of fermentation, heap wide 1.5m-3.0m, high 1.5m-2.0m, ground, length visual field and determine, above covered with plastic film;
(2) when 20cm place temperature reaches more than 60 DEG C in piling, this temperature is kept after 24 hours, to carry out turning. So repeatedly. Through 20-30 days, internal batch temperature was tending towards outside temperature gradually, and material turns into brown or chocolate, free from extraneous odour, had fermented without bacterium slag during the white heart;
Step 2: the mixture of matrix
Natural pond slag and the bacterium slag that ferments are dried or use drying machine drying. Bacterium slag, natural pond slag and vermiculite mix by the volume ratio of 1: 2: 1, then by weight adding 1% agricultural water-loss reducer and 8% ferment bacteria organic fertilizer. Fully mix even pack.
The above is the present invention's preferably embodiment; but protection scope of the present invention is not limited thereto; any it is familiar with those skilled in the art in the technical scope of present disclosure; technical scheme and invention design thereof according to the present invention are equal to replacement or are changed, and all should be encompassed in protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (7)

1. one kind taking bacterium slag and natural pond slag as the functional type soilless culture substrate of raw material, prepare as follows: bacterium chaff, natural pond slag and vermiculite mix by the volume ratio of 1: 2: 1, again by weight adding 1% agricultural water-loss reducer and 8% ferment bacteria organic fertilizer, above component is fully mixed even.
2. a kind of taking bacterium slag and natural pond slag as the functional type soilless culture substrate of raw material as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that: described bacterium slag is after the matrix residuum fermentation maturity produced after utilizing 50% corn cob and 50% cotton seed hulls to do the flat mushroom of substrate culture, then through dry or with drying machine drying to water content less than 15%.
3. a kind of taking bacterium slag and natural pond slag as the functional type soilless culture substrate of raw material as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that: described natural pond slag be intensive cattle farm produce cow dung through large methane tank ferment after, the solid matter obtained by slag liquid separation system, then through dry or with drying machine drying to water content less than 15%.
4. a kind of taking bacterium slag and natural pond slag as the functional type soilless culture substrate of raw material as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that: described vermiculite is gardening vermiculite, particle diameter 2-5mm.
5. a kind of taking bacterium slag and natural pond slag as the functional type soilless culture substrate of raw material as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that: described ferment bacteria organic fertilizer living bacteria count >=0.2 hundred million/gram, organic matter >=25%.
6. a kind of taking bacterium slag and natural pond slag as the functional type soilless culture substrate of raw material as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that: described agricultural water-loss reducer is polyacrylamide.
7. such as claim 1 and according to claim 2 a kind of taking bacterium slag and natural pond slag as the functional type soilless culture substrate of raw material, it is characterised in that: described bacterium chaff fermenting process is:
(1) waste mushroom stick removes plastics bag, pulverize after drying, every 1000kg adds organic matter decomposing inoculant 1kg, evenly and add water, make bacterium slag water content reach 50%-60%, namely possess water logging and go out with hand-tight but do not drip and be advisable, by in heaps for the bacterium slag muck of fermentation, heap wide 1.5m-3.0m, high 1.5m-2.0m, length visual field ground and determine, above covered with plastic film;
(2) when in piling, 20cm place temperature reaches more than 60 DEG C, this temperature is kept after 24 hours, to carry out turning, so repeatedly, through 20-30 days, internal batch temperature is tending towards outside temperature gradually, material turns into brown or chocolate, free from extraneous odour, without illustrating during the white heart that bacterium chaff ferment, spreads material out and dries afterwards for subsequent use.
CN201410636278.8A 2014-11-13 2014-11-13 Functional type soilless culture substrate using mushroom dreg and biogas residue as raw material Pending CN105638399A (en)

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Cited By (7)

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106882998A (en) * 2017-04-26 2017-06-23 窦观 Emission reduction type soil measurement formula natural pond bacterium organic fertilizer and application thereof
CN107211860A (en) * 2017-07-03 2017-09-29 合肥卓畅农业科技有限公司 A kind of soilless culture substrate and preparation method thereof
CN107285863A (en) * 2017-06-28 2017-10-24 山西玉衡同创环境技术有限公司 Soil-less culturing nutrient block based on biogas residue and mushroom bran and preparation method thereof
CN107556121A (en) * 2017-10-26 2018-01-09 桐城市牯牛背农业开发有限公司 A kind of oenanthe stolonifera seedling medium and its preparation technology
CN107986915A (en) * 2017-12-31 2018-05-04 镇江常青园林工程有限公司 A kind of ecological substrate fertilizer
CN107986829A (en) * 2017-12-13 2018-05-04 李胜奇 A kind of virus-free potato primary stock soilless culture substrate and preparation method thereof
CN109819865A (en) * 2017-11-23 2019-05-31 丹阳市陵口镇庙头土地股份专业合作社 A kind of compost that adaptability is good

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Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106882998A (en) * 2017-04-26 2017-06-23 窦观 Emission reduction type soil measurement formula natural pond bacterium organic fertilizer and application thereof
CN107285863A (en) * 2017-06-28 2017-10-24 山西玉衡同创环境技术有限公司 Soil-less culturing nutrient block based on biogas residue and mushroom bran and preparation method thereof
CN107211860A (en) * 2017-07-03 2017-09-29 合肥卓畅农业科技有限公司 A kind of soilless culture substrate and preparation method thereof
CN107556121A (en) * 2017-10-26 2018-01-09 桐城市牯牛背农业开发有限公司 A kind of oenanthe stolonifera seedling medium and its preparation technology
CN109819865A (en) * 2017-11-23 2019-05-31 丹阳市陵口镇庙头土地股份专业合作社 A kind of compost that adaptability is good
CN107986829A (en) * 2017-12-13 2018-05-04 李胜奇 A kind of virus-free potato primary stock soilless culture substrate and preparation method thereof
CN107986915A (en) * 2017-12-31 2018-05-04 镇江常青园林工程有限公司 A kind of ecological substrate fertilizer

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