CN101911882B - Sweet potato harvesting method and harvester - Google Patents

Sweet potato harvesting method and harvester Download PDF

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Publication number
CN101911882B
CN101911882B CN2010102239729A CN201010223972A CN101911882B CN 101911882 B CN101911882 B CN 101911882B CN 2010102239729 A CN2010102239729 A CN 2010102239729A CN 201010223972 A CN201010223972 A CN 201010223972A CN 101911882 B CN101911882 B CN 101911882B
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China
Prior art keywords
potato
climing
sweet potato
open
clamping
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CN2010102239729A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN101911882A (en
Inventor
宋建农
李永磊
孙星钊
张军奎
王继承
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China Agricultural University
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China Agricultural University
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Abstract

The invention relates to a sweet potato harvesting method and a sweet potato harvester. The sweet potato harvesting method comprises the following steps of: (1) pressing and loosening ridges and cutting potato vines; (2) gathering the cut potato vines at the middle parts of the ridges; (3) loosening the ridges and lifting upturned soil by using a digging shovel set; (4) clamping the potato vines and continuously lifting the potato vines; (5) picking off the potatoes by using a fruit picking plate when the potato vines and the potatoes are conveyed backwards; and (6) crushing the potato vines which are continuously conveyed backwards by using a crushing roll. The sweet potato harvester comprises a frame, wherein the rear end at the bottom of the frame is provided with supporting and conveying wheels; the bottom of the frame is provided with two working sets; each working set comprises a pressing wheel, a disc cutter, an offset rotary harrow, a vibrating digging shovel set, the fruit picking plate and the crushing roll; the top of the frame is provided with a gearbox which is connected with a truck tractor; and the gearbox is in transmission connection with a clamping and conveying chain controlled by an opening and closing control wheel. The method and the harvester can greatly reduce the power consumption for separating the potatoes from soil and can be widely applied to harvesting of various potato crops.

Description

A kind of sweet potato harvesting method and reaping machine
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of crops harvesting method and reaping machine thereof, particularly about a kind of sweet potato harvesting method and reaping machine.
Background technology
Sweet potato genus 1 year or the perennial draft of overgrowing have another name called sweet potato, Ipomoea batatas, pachyrhizus etc.Sweet potato cultivation is that main, main production link has whole ground, fertilising, ridging, transplanting, field management, the climing harvesting of stem and results transportation etc. in China with ridge culture planting.Potato class (potato, sweet potato) crop harvesting process mainly comprises: remove cauline leaf, excavation, separate, pick up and load operation such as transportation.The tuber crops harvesting method can be divided into: three kinds of artificial results, part mechanical harvest and mechanical harvests, wherein mechanized harvest is divided into two kinds of swath harvesting and combinings according to the continuous degree of harvest technology.Artificial results are meant dependence manpower hand tools completion harvest operation, and the results damage ratio is low, but labour intensity is big, and production efficiency is low.The part mechanical harvest is meant dependence grubber or excavator, and the potato piece is excavated the face of land, and other operation is accomplished by manpower, and mechanization degree is lower, and labour intensity is big, is applicable to less plot and heavy soil.Swath harvesting is meant by excavator and excavates, and makes the potato piece be exposed to the face of land, and by picking up-loading machine collection transportation, its labour intensity is low again, and potato piece damage ratio is higher.Combined harvester is accomplished the potato type harvesting integration of operation, and productivity ratio is high, but potato piece damage ratio is also higher, is suitable for large tracts of land than the chesson operation.
At present, potato harvest machinery research both at home and abroad is more, and technology is comparatively ripe, and large-scale combined harvester has good operation stability and reliability.Common potato type harvesting machinery has grubber, excavator (throwing is wheeled, elevator chain type, rotation bolter formula and vibratory sieve formula), combined harvester major side such as (elevator chain type, oscillating riddle formula, rotary screen formulas) to overweight the results of potato.But sweet potato harvesting mechanization degree is lower, and over-borrowing mirror potato harvest adopts grubber or excavator to carry out the semi-mechanization operation.Because of sweet potato potato piece distributed depth and the dispersion of distribution all greater than potato, the two basic physical characteristic and material characteristic also are not quite similar.Its fruit soil has bigger power consumption when separating, and mechanical strength is also had requirements at the higher level, and potato piece damage ratio is higher.Therefore, how to reduce potato piece and soil separation power, reduce the damage of potato piece, improving the harvest machinery reliability and stability is major issues that the development of sweet potato harvesting mechanization is faced.
Summary of the invention
To the problems referred to above, the purpose of this invention is to provide and a kind ofly can effectively reduce potato piece and soil separation power, reduce the damage of potato piece, and can realize the sweet potato harvesting method and the reaping machine of sweet potato potato piece results and the climing breaking combined operation of stem.
For realizing above-mentioned purpose, the present invention takes following technical scheme: a kind of sweet potato harvesting method, and it comprises the steps: that (1) is loose with the suppression of sweet potato ridge platform, and with the climing cut-out of the potato that is interweaved; (2) with the climing gathering of cut potato on the ridge platform middle part; (3) by the loose ridge of digger blade group platform, lifting Tu Fa; (4) the climing lasting lifting of clamping potato, when it broke away from digger blade group afterbody, chesson came off through deadweight; (5) synchronous with said step (4), potato is climing when carrying backward with the potato piece, and the potato piece is extractd the potato piece through fruit-picking-up plate, and the climing continuation of potato is carried backward; (6) potato that continues to carry backward is climing to be pulverized through pulverization roller.
In the said step (1), climing by the potato that the disc cutter cutting is interweaved.
In the said step (2), harrow the climing gathering of potato in the middle of the platform of ridge by the biasing commentaries on classics.
In the said step (3), said digger blade group adopts oscillatory type or non-vibration formula digger blade group.
In the said step (4), by the climing lasting lifting of clamping carrier chain clamping potato.
A kind of sweet potato reaping machine of realizing said method, it is characterized in that: it comprises a frame, both sides, rear end, said frame bottom are respectively arranged with one and support travelling wheel, and said frame bottom is provided with the identical working group of two row's structures; Each said working group include one be arranged on said frame bottom front press wheel, said frame one side is provided with a disc cutter; Be positioned at said press wheel and disc cutter rear end, said frame bottom is disposed with two counter-rotational biasings changes rake, a vibration digger blade group, a fruit-picking-up plate and a pulverization roller; Said frame top is provided with the gearbox that is connected with tow tractor, the said gearbox clamping carrier chain that is in transmission connection, said clamping carrier chain by one be arranged on clamping carrier chain open and close controlling axle its switching of open and close controlling wheel control.
An open and close controlling wheel and a back open and close controlling wheel before said open and close controlling is taken turns and comprised one, said preceding open and close controlling wheel is arranged on clamping carrier chain open and close controlling front axle, and said back open and close controlling wheel is arranged on clamping carrier chain open and close controlling rear axle.
Be provided with a shared said disc cutter between said two working groups.
The present invention is owing to take above technical scheme; It has the following advantages: the sweet potato harvesting method that 1, the present invention adopted loosens, plucks links such as fruit, the climing pulverizing of stem by the loose ridge of suppression platform, the climing cutting and separating of potato, the climing gathering of potato, the climing lifting of clamping potato, excavation to be formed, and has realized sweet potato potato piece results and the climing breaking combined operation of stem.2, the sweet potato harvesting method of the present invention's employing because the potato piece has less surface to contact with each parts of sweet potato reaping machine, has therefore reduced the damage of potato piece.3, sweet potato reaping machine one frame of the present invention's employing is provided with parts such as press wheel, disc cutter, biasing commentaries on classics rake, vibration digger blade group, fruit-picking-up plate, pulverization roller and clamping carrier chain; And made full use of that the sweet potato potato is climing to have a stronger stretching resistance characteristic; Promote through clamping; Rely on the soil deadweight to come off, accomplish separating of potato piece and soil, greatly reduced potato piece and soil separation power.4, the present invention adopts vibration digger blade group to loosen, promote Tu Fa, can reduce tillage resistance like this, increases the loosing soil degree, helps the potato piece and separates with soil.The present invention can be widely used in the various tuber crops results.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the climing sketch map of cutting and separating potato of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the climing sketch map of gathering potato of the present invention;
Fig. 3 is that clamping conveying of the present invention and potato piece soil separate sketch map;
Fig. 4 is a sweet potato reaping machine structural representation front view of the present invention;
Fig. 5 is the vertical view of Fig. 4.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing and embodiment the present invention is carried out detailed description.
During the sweet potato results; The present invention utilizes the climing material dynamic characteristics with stronger stretching resistance of potato, drives the platform operation on the sweet potato ridge of sweet potato reaping machine by tow tractor, promotes continuously with Tu Fa through clamping carrier chain clamping potato is climing; When it breaks away from the digger blade group; Chesson comes off through deadweight, realizes that the potato piece separates with soil, to accomplish potato piece results and the climing breaking combined operation of stem.Sweet potato harvesting method of the present invention may further comprise the steps:
(1) at first sweet potato ridge platform suppression is loose by press wheel, and by disc cutter with the climing cut-out of the potato that is interweaved (as shown in Figure 1), form independent strip work zone;
(2) as shown in Figure 2, by biasing change rake with the climing gathering of cut potato on the ridge platform middle part, it is climing to be beneficial to clamping carrier chain clamping potato;
(3) by the loose ridge of oscillatory type or non-vibration formula digger blade group platform, the Tu Fa of lifting simultaneously makes that potato is climing, potato piece, Tu Fa be through lifting behind the shovel frame of digger blade, loose;
(4) as shown in Figure 3, step (3) is when the lifting potato is climing, and by the climing lasting lifting of clamping carrier chain clamping potato, when it broke away from digger blade group afterbody, chesson came off through deadweight, realized that the potato piece separates with soil;
(5) synchronous with step (4), the clamping carrier chain is with potato is climing when carrying backward with the potato piece, and the potato piece is extractd the potato piece through fruit-picking-up plate, and the potato piece is become scattered about in the face of land or the collecting box, and potato is carried by climing then continuation the backward;
(6) potato that continues to carry backward is climing to be pulverized through pulverization roller, thereby realizes sweet potato results and the climing breaking combined operation of stem.
In sum, the present invention has made full use of the climing material dynamic characteristics with strong stretching resistance of potato, and relies on the soil deadweight to come off, and realizes that the potato piece separates with soil, has effectively reduced the power consumption that fruit soil separates, and has reduced the damage of potato piece.
Like Fig. 4, shown in Figure 5, sweet potato reaping machine of the present invention is towed reaping machine, and it comprises a frame 1, and both sides, rear end, frame 1 bottom are respectively arranged with one and support travelling wheel 2, and is provided with the identical working group of two row's structures in frame 1 bottom.Wherein, each working group include one be arranged on frame 1 bottom front press wheel 3, a side of frame 1 is provided with a disc cutter 4; Be positioned at press wheel 3 and disc cutter 4 rear ends, on frame 1 bottom, be disposed with two counter-rotational biasings commentaries on classics rakes 5, and vibrate digger blade group 6, a fruit-picking-up plate 7 and a pulverization roller 8.Be provided with the gearbox 9 that is connected with tow tractor at frame 1 top, gearbox 9 drives each workpiece work in two working groups.Frame 1 top with the gearbox 9 clamping carrier chain 10 that is in transmission connection, is used for that the clamping potato is climing to make it continue to promote.Clamping carrier chain 10 by one be arranged on clamping carrier chain open and close controlling axle its switching of open and close controlling wheel control, its linear velocity keeps with fast with tow tractor.
In the foregoing description, open and close controlling wheel 11 and one back open and close controlling wheel 12 before the open and close controlling opinion comprises, preceding open and close controlling wheel 11 is arranged on clamping carrier chain open and close controlling front axle, and back open and close controlling wheel 12 is arranged on clamping carrier chain open and close controlling rear axle.
In the foregoing description, between two working groups, also be provided with a shared disc cutter 4.
Above-mentioned each embodiment only is used to explain the present invention, and wherein the structure of each parts, connected mode etc. all can change to some extent, and every equivalents of on the basis of technical scheme of the present invention, carrying out and improvement all should not got rid of outside protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (9)

1. sweet potato harvesting method, it comprises the steps:
(1) suppression of sweet potato ridge platform is loose, and with the climing cut-out of the potato that is interweaved;
(2) with the climing gathering of cut potato on the ridge platform middle part;
(3) by the loose ridge of digger blade group platform, lifting Tu Fa;
(4) the climing lasting lifting of clamping potato, when it broke away from digger blade group afterbody, chesson came off through deadweight;
(5) synchronous with said step (4), potato is climing when carrying backward with the potato piece, and the potato piece is extractd the potato piece through fruit-picking-up plate, and the climing continuation of potato is carried backward;
(6) potato that continues to carry backward is climing to be pulverized through pulverization roller.
2. a kind of sweet potato harvesting method as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that: in the said step (1), climing by the potato that the disc cutter cutting is interweaved.
3. a kind of sweet potato harvesting method as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that: in the said step (2), harrowed the climing gathering of potato in the middle of the platform of ridge by the biasing commentaries on classics.
4. a kind of sweet potato harvesting method as claimed in claim 2 is characterized in that: in the said step (2), harrowed the climing gathering of potato in the middle of the platform of ridge by the biasing commentaries on classics.
5. like claim 1 or 2 or 3 or 4 described a kind of sweet potato harvesting methods, it is characterized in that: in the said step (3), said digger blade group adopts oscillatory type or non-vibration formula digger blade group.
6. like claim 1 or 2 or 3 or 4 described a kind of sweet potato harvesting methods, it is characterized in that: in the said step (4), by the climing lasting lifting of clamping carrier chain clamping potato.
7. a kind of sweet potato harvesting method as claimed in claim 5 is characterized in that: in the said step (4), by the climing lasting lifting of clamping carrier chain clamping potato.
8. the sweet potato reaping machine of realization such as any said method of claim 1~7; It is characterized in that: it comprises a frame; Both sides, rear end, said frame bottom are respectively arranged with one and support travelling wheel; And said frame bottom is provided with the identical working group of two row's structures, is provided with shared first disc cutter between the two said working groups; Each said working group include one be arranged on said frame bottom front press wheel, said frame one side is provided with one second disc cutter; Be positioned at the said press wheel and the second disc cutter rear end, said frame bottom is disposed with two counter-rotational biasings changes rake, a vibration digger blade group, a fruit-picking-up plate and a pulverization roller; Said frame top is provided with the gearbox that is connected with tow tractor, the said gearbox clamping carrier chain that is in transmission connection, said clamping carrier chain by one be arranged on clamping carrier chain open and close controlling axle its switching of open and close controlling wheel control.
9. a kind of sweet potato reaping machine as claimed in claim 8; It is characterized in that: an open and close controlling wheel and a back open and close controlling wheel before said open and close controlling wheel comprises one; The open and close controlling wheel is arranged on clamping carrier chain open and close controlling front axle before said, and said back open and close controlling wheel is arranged on clamping carrier chain open and close controlling rear axle.
CN2010102239729A 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 Sweet potato harvesting method and harvester Expired - Fee Related CN101911882B (en)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US10327382B2 (en) 2017-05-30 2019-06-25 Peter Jerry VanBerlo Device for removing vines from sweet potato and the like

Families Citing this family (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105409420A (en) * 2015-11-09 2016-03-23 郭同富 Multifunctional combine harvester for zinger officinale roscoe
CN108377721A (en) * 2018-04-28 2018-08-10 山东省农作物种质资源中心 One kind vine crop that crawls cradles to snap up and hugs careless device
CN113396689A (en) * 2021-07-27 2021-09-17 宿州学院 Sweet potato harvester with functions of collecting and crushing sweet potato seedlings

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JPS5763016A (en) * 1980-10-03 1982-04-16 Sato Seisakusho Kk Automatic sweet potato digger
JPS5945813A (en) * 1982-09-06 1984-03-14 井関農機株式会社 Sweet potato harvester
JP2883842B2 (en) * 1995-10-27 1999-04-19 セイレイ工業株式会社 Separating equipment of potato extracting machine

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CN2347355Y (en) * 1998-11-28 1999-11-10 黑龙江省农业机械工程科学研究院 Single-row potatoes digging machine
CN2667864Y (en) * 2004-01-12 2005-01-05 李凯岭 Small-sized multifunctional potato harvester
CN2912223Y (en) * 2006-05-16 2007-06-20 中国农业机械化科学研究院 Pull-type potato combine harvester
CN2847821Y (en) * 2006-06-01 2006-12-20 齐齐哈尔和平工业(集团)有限责任公司 Potato harvester
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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US10327382B2 (en) 2017-05-30 2019-06-25 Peter Jerry VanBerlo Device for removing vines from sweet potato and the like

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