CN2667864Y - Small-sized multifunctional potato harvester - Google Patents

Small-sized multifunctional potato harvester Download PDF

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Publication number
CN2667864Y
CN2667864Y CNU2004200380017U CN200420038001U CN2667864Y CN 2667864 Y CN2667864 Y CN 2667864Y CN U2004200380017 U CNU2004200380017 U CN U2004200380017U CN 200420038001 U CN200420038001 U CN 200420038001U CN 2667864 Y CN2667864 Y CN 2667864Y
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China
Prior art keywords
potato
machine
climing
frame
small
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Expired - Fee Related
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CNU2004200380017U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
孙乃坤
李凯岭
袁涛
刘军华
解辉
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李凯岭
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Priority to CNU2004200380017U priority Critical patent/CN2667864Y/en
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Abstract

The utility model relates to a small-sized multifunctional potato harvester which can be used to harvest farm crops such as potato, sweet potato, toasted garlic, peanut, etc. The small-sized multifunctional potato harvester is primarily composed of a frame, a dig up apparatus, a driving device, an expelling vine device, a bar delivery device, a vibratory screening plant, a collection device and a supporting wheel. The utility model adopts a V-shaped belt drive and a chain wheel chain drive. The small-sized multifunctional potato harvester has the characteristics of simple compact mechanism, safe and reliable performance, high efficiency, convenient flexible installment and complete functions, etc. The small-sized multifunctional potato harvester is used with a matching four-wheeled tractor. The productivity of the potato harvest is considerably improved. A consume of physicall labour and material resources is decreased. The utility model adopts a gearbox realizing multiple dynamic inverting. Left and right horizontal sickles and vertical sickles realize a separation of vine and fruits of the potato before the potato harvest. So the harvest of the dig up apparatus is convenient. The bar delivery device realizes the partial separation of the potato and soil simultaneously with the transportation of potatoes. The vibrating function of the vibratory screening plant makes the separation more sufficient. The actuating device of a roll-over baffle of the fruit collection box can alter the weight of potatoes harvested at one time.

Description

Small-size multifunction potato type harvesting machine
Affiliated technical field:
The utility model relates to a kind of small-size multifunction potato type harvesting machine that is used to gather in the crops crops such as potato, Ipomoea batatas, garlic, peanut.It relates to theory of mechanics, agricultural mechanics field.
Background technology:
Existing potato type harvesting machine mostly is and simply turns over the digging machine tool, and the peasant gathers in the crops potato class crops still based on craft.The purpose of this utility model provide a kind of remove climing, turn over and dig, clear up, collect function such as in heaps and be small-size multifunction potato type harvesting machine all over the body; It has simple compact, safe and reliable, efficient, the easy for installation characteristics such as flexible, multiple functional of mechanism; Use with four-wheel tractor, guarantee the leak rate and the breakage rate requirement of potato class fruit, improve potato class fruit harvest productivity ratio greatly, alleviate personnel's manual labor amount and material resources consumption.
Summary of the invention:
The technical problem that the utility model solves is to use four-wheel tractor power, and by the machine power transmission, realization is turned over potato class fruit and dug out from earth, and fruit separates, concentrates in heaps with earth.The utility model solves its technical problem and realizes by the following technical solutions.The utility model mainly by frame (1), turn over dig device (2), transmission device (3), remove climing device (4), bar strip conveying plant (5), device for vibration screening (6), potato fruit gathering unit (7), bogie wheel (8) etc. form.
Transmission device (3) is that tractor dynamic power imports gearbox (11) into by universal shaft coupling device (9) drive coupling rod (10).After realizing 90 ° of changes of transmission direction by gearbox (11) again, driven axle (12) outputting power drives and removes climing power wheel (13) and transmitting power wheel (14).Wherein remove the power of climing power wheel (13) and pass to, drive and remove climing axle (16) except that climing shaft pulley (15).Remove climing axle (16) and drive vertical climber cutting reaping hook (17), be connected the left gear case (19) on the left horizontal reaping hook (18) and be connected right gear case (21) on the right horizontal reaping hook (20), realize that climber cutting is except that stem work.Transmitting power wheel (14) drives belt pulley for feeding foil (22) and drives the conveyer belt motion simultaneously, and the vibration eccentric wheel (24) that belt pulley for feeding foil (22) also can drive on the vibratory sieve (23) makes shaker vibration.
Remove climing device (4) and be plough do not turn over dig before with left and right horizontal climber cutting reaping hook (18,20) potato is climing with underground potato really separates, go climing plate (25) to be installed in the front of reaping machine, it is climing to remove climing device (4) excision potato during reaping machine is advanced, vertically climber cutting reaping hook (17) reduces the reaping machine advance resistance to the climing cut-out of potato.
Device for vibration screening (6) is to drive left and right two eccentric ratios (27) by the camshaft (26) on the vibration eccentric wheel (24), and eccentric ratio drives the through rod that is welded on the vibratory sieve (23).Vibratory sieve one end is fixed, and the other end drives vibration by through rod, and the potato fruit is easily separated with earth, in bar strip conveyer belt (5) course of conveying, also can have a lot of earth really to separate with potato.
Potato fruit gathering unit (8) is by rocking handle (44) that turns shape of upset baffle plate (28) welding, connects a spring (29) on the rocking handle.Fruit falls from vibratory sieve (23) potato, drop on the upset baffle plate (28), weight and spring (29) effect by the potato fruit make upset baffle plate (28) rotate the fruit collecting box (42) that forms the open top container shape, potato fruit weight in collecting box (42) surpasses the limiting value that spring (29) is provided with, baffle plate (28) rotates voluntarily, what the potato fruit can relatively be concentrated drops on the ground, and baffle plate (28) is returned to the home position again under spring (29) effect, continue to play the effect of blocking the potato fruit.
Description of drawings:
Below in conjunction with this accompanying drawing the utility model is described in further detail:
Fig. 1 is the utility model structure left surface schematic diagram.
Fig. 2 is the vertical view of the utility model structure.
Fig. 3 is the front view of the utility model structure.
Fig. 4 is the rearview of the utility model structure.
Fig. 5 is the structural representation of potato class gathering unit in the utility model structure.
Shown in the figure be: 1. frame, 2. turn over and dig device, 3. transmission device 4. removes climing device, 5. bar strip conveying plant, 6. device for vibration screening, 7. potato fruit gathering unit, 8. bogie wheel, 9. universal shaft coupling device, 10. coupling rod, 11. gearboxes, 12. driven axle, 13. remove climing power wheel, 14. transmitting powers wheel, 15. remove climing shaft pulley, 16. remove climing axle, 17. vertical climber cutting reaping hooks, 18. left horizontal reaping hook, 19. left gear casees, 20. right horizontal reaping hooks, 21. the right gear case, 22. belt pulley for feeding foil, 23. vibratory sieves, 24. the vibration eccentric wheel, 25. remove climing plate, 26. camshafts, 27. eccentric ratio, 28. upset baffle plates, 29. springs, 30. pull bar, 31. flaps, 32. spherical bearing blocks, 33. long V-type band, 34.V type band, 35. spherical bearing blocks, 36. horizontal reaping hook adjusting device, 37. remove climing V-type band, 38. chains, 39. sprocket wheel, 40. bar strips, 41. sprocket shafts, 42. the fruit collecting box, 43. regulate bolt, 44. rocking handles
Specific embodiments
The utility model mainly by frame (1), turn over dig device (2), transmission device (3), remove climing device (4), bar strip conveying plant (5), device for vibration screening (6), potato fruit gathering unit (7), bogie wheel (8) etc. form.It is characterized in that:
The whole lead frame that adopts of frame (1), the suspension on it realizes that by pull bar (30) and flap (31) reaping machine is connected with the firm of tractor tailstock.Pull bar (30) and flap (31), turn over and dig device (2) and be connected on the frame by bolt.
Transmission device (3) mainly by universal shaft coupling device (9), coupling rod (10), gearbox (11), driven axle (12), remove climing power wheel (13), transmitting power wheel (14), remove climing shaft pulley (15), belt pulley for feeding foil (22), vibration eccentric wheel (24) form.Universal shaft coupling device (9) links to each other with the power take-off of tractor, provides total power resources to reaping machine, and universal shaft coupling device (9) and coupling rod (10) are connected to gearbox (11), and gearbox is installed on the frame (1) by bolt.Spherical bearing block (32) is fixed by bolts on the frame (1), and driven axle (12) is connected on the gearbox (11).Two long V-type bands (33) couple together conveyer belt power wheel (14) and belt pulley for feeding foil (22), and power is passed to bar strip conveyer belt (5); V-type band (34) couples together transmission to belt pulley for feeding foil (22) and vibration eccentric wheel (24).
Remove climing device (4) mainly by remove climing power wheel (13), remove climing shaft pulley (15), remove climing axle (16), vertically climber cutting reaping hook (17), left horizontal reaping hook (18), left gear case (19), right horizontal reaping hook (20), right gear case (21), go climing plate (25), horizontal reaping hook adjusting device (36) to form.Remove climing power wheel (13) and be connected with driven axle (12) keyway, power is passed to except that climing shaft pulley (15) by removing climing V-type band (37); Removing climing shaft pulley (15) is connected to except that on the climing axle (16) by key.The two ends of removing climing axle (16) connect left and right gear-box (19,21) with key, and middle and vertical climber cutting reaping hook (17) is connected by key; Left and right gear-box (19,21) axis output lower end key connects left and right horizontal reaping hook (18,20) the upper end horizontal reaping hook adjusting device (36) that is threaded; Go climing plate (25) to be installed on the frame (1), guarantee that vertical climber cutting reaping hook (17) reaches to remove the following operation of climing plate (25) and do not interfere.
Bar strip conveying plant (5) mainly is made up of chain (38), sprocket wheel (39), bar strip (40), sprocket shaft (41) etc.Bar strip conveyer belt (5) is connected on the frame (1) by two pairs of spherical bearing blocks (32) that are fixed on the frame (1), and sprocket shaft (41) is connected with spherical bearing block (32); Sprocket wheel (39) is connected on the sprocket shaft (41) by key, sprocket wheel (39) and chain (38) engaged transmission; Bar strip (40) is connected on the chain (38) by bolt.
Device for vibration screening (6) comprises eccentric wheel (24), camshaft (26), eccentric ratio (27), vibratory sieve (23).Vibration eccentric wheel (24) is contained on the camshaft (26), is fixed on the frame (1) by spherical bearing block (35).Vibratory sieve (23) one ends are hinged on the frame (1), and eccentric ratio (27) couples together the through rod that vibrates eccentric wheel (24) and be welded on the vibratory sieve (23), realize vibration service.
Potato fruit gathering unit (7) is made up of fruit collecting box (42), upset baffle plate (28), spring (29), adjusting bolt (43), rocking handle (44) etc.Upset baffle plate (28) and rocking handle (44) connect together, and spring (29) connects rocking handle (44) and regulates bolt (43).By adjusting the weight that the position of regulating bolt (43) can change the potato class fruit of once collecting.
Transmission process of the present utility model is: the power take-off of tractor is transferred to gearbox (11) by Hooks coupling universal coupling (9), coupling rod (10); Driven axle (12) by gearbox (11) drives respectively except that climing power wheel (13) and transmitting power wheel (14).Wherein, lead up to except that climing power wheel (13), remove climing axle (16) drive vertical climber cutting reaping hook (17), drive left and right horizontal reaping hook (18,20), finish the climber cutting operation by left and right gear-box (19,21); Another road drives belt pulley for feeding foil (22) by transmitting power wheel (14), makes conveying plant (5) work, drives vibration eccentric wheel (24), eccentric ratio (27) simultaneously, makes vibratory sieve (23) work.
The utility model is when farm work, bogie wheel (8) is advanced along ground surface, remove climing device (4) at first with the excision of ground potato fruit viticula, turn over and dig device (2) and the potato in the soil is really turned over to dig out come, upwards carry backward along bar strip conveying plant (5), this process can make most of earth really separate with potato, subsequently, potato really enters vibratory sieve (23), really enter fruit collecting box (42) through the potato behind the vibrosieve, when the fruit of the potato in the collecting box (42) weight reaches some, upset baffle plate (28) can be opened voluntarily, make the interior potato fruit of collecting box (42) pile rapidly to drop on and form accumulation on the ground, and upset baffle plate (28) forms uncovered collecting box continuation and collects fruit under the action of gravity of spring (29) and follow-up potato fruit after resetting.

Claims (8)

1. small-size multifunction potato type harvesting machine is characterized in that: be equipped with on the frame turn over dig device, remove climing device, bar strip conveying plant, device for vibration screening and potato fruit gathering unit.
2. according to the described small-size multifunction potato type harvesting of claim 1. machine, it is characterized in that: whole system adopts suspension to realize being connected with four-wheel tractor power, by gearbox and V-type band power is passed to and is removed climing device, bar strip conveying plant, device for vibration screening.
3. according to the described small-size multifunction potato type harvesting of claim 1. machine, it is characterized in that: left and right level is removed climing device and the vertical left and right gear-box that comes free V-type band to drive except that the power of climing device.
4. according to the described small-size multifunction potato type harvesting of claim 1. machine, it is characterized in that: left and right level is removed the upper-lower position of climing device and is adjusted by being installed in the journal bearing and the nut that remove climing axle upper end.
5. according to the described small-size multifunction potato type harvesting of claim 1. machine, it is characterized in that: the bar strip conveying plant by about the end spherical bearing be installed on the frame with bolt.And forward and backward spherical bearing is installed in the front end bottom of frame and the top of rear end respectively, forms upwards to carry backward.
6. according to the described small-size multifunction potato type harvesting of claim 1. machine, it is characterized in that: device for vibration screening drives eccentric ratio and shaker vibration at the postmedian of frame by the whirling vibration eccentric wheel that is installed in the frame left and right sides.Vibratory sieve adopts the bar strip weldment, and an end is hinged on the frame, and the other end is connected with connecting rod.
7. according to the described small-size multifunction potato type harvesting of claim 1. machine, it is characterized in that: left and right bogie wheel bears the service weight of reaping machine.
8. according to the described small-size multifunction potato type harvesting of claim 1. machine, it is characterized in that: potato fruit gathering unit is installed in the rear end of frame by bolt, behind the collecting box upset baffle plate about end install to regulate bolt and spring respectively, regulate the required power of upset baffle plate by adjusting the position of regulating bolt.
CNU2004200380017U 2004-01-12 2004-01-12 Small-sized multifunctional potato harvester Expired - Fee Related CN2667864Y (en)

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CNU2004200380017U CN2667864Y (en) 2004-01-12 2004-01-12 Small-sized multifunctional potato harvester

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CNU2004200380017U CN2667864Y (en) 2004-01-12 2004-01-12 Small-sized multifunctional potato harvester

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CN2667864Y true CN2667864Y (en) 2005-01-05

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Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101011004B (en) * 2007-02-06 2010-09-15 中国农业大学 Automatic control potato picker
CN101878694A (en) * 2010-06-15 2010-11-10 徐州巧力威新型机械厂 Circular screen vibrator structure
CN101911882A (en) * 2010-07-01 2010-12-15 中国农业大学 Sweet potato harvesting method and harvester
CN102282959A (en) * 2011-06-22 2011-12-21 中国农业大学 Automatic stacker for small potato harvester
CN103814671A (en) * 2014-03-02 2014-05-28 山东理工大学 Sweet potato harvesting machine
CN103947366A (en) * 2014-05-14 2014-07-30 山东理工大学 American ginseng seedling cutting harvester
CN104285580A (en) * 2013-07-15 2015-01-21 赵海志 Sectioned collecting-unloading-type potato harvesting machine
CN106416577A (en) * 2016-11-02 2017-02-22 孙成军 Agricultural sweet potato harvester

Cited By (11)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101011004B (en) * 2007-02-06 2010-09-15 中国农业大学 Automatic control potato picker
CN101878694A (en) * 2010-06-15 2010-11-10 徐州巧力威新型机械厂 Circular screen vibrator structure
CN101911882A (en) * 2010-07-01 2010-12-15 中国农业大学 Sweet potato harvesting method and harvester
CN101911882B (en) * 2010-07-01 2012-05-02 中国农业大学 Sweet potato harvesting method and harvester
CN102282959A (en) * 2011-06-22 2011-12-21 中国农业大学 Automatic stacker for small potato harvester
CN102282959B (en) * 2011-06-22 2012-10-03 中国农业大学 Automatic stacker for small potato harvester
CN104285580A (en) * 2013-07-15 2015-01-21 赵海志 Sectioned collecting-unloading-type potato harvesting machine
CN103814671A (en) * 2014-03-02 2014-05-28 山东理工大学 Sweet potato harvesting machine
CN103947366A (en) * 2014-05-14 2014-07-30 山东理工大学 American ginseng seedling cutting harvester
CN103947366B (en) * 2014-05-14 2015-11-04 山东理工大学 Seedling reaping machine cut by a kind of American Ginseng
CN106416577A (en) * 2016-11-02 2017-02-22 孙成军 Agricultural sweet potato harvester

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C19 Lapse of patent right due to non-payment of the annual fee
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