CN201315751Y - Multipurpose rhizome harvester - Google Patents

Multipurpose rhizome harvester Download PDF

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Publication number
CN201315751Y
CN201315751Y CNU2008202276425U CN200820227642U CN201315751Y CN 201315751 Y CN201315751 Y CN 201315751Y CN U2008202276425 U CNU2008202276425 U CN U2008202276425U CN 200820227642 U CN200820227642 U CN 200820227642U CN 201315751 Y CN201315751 Y CN 201315751Y
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China
Prior art keywords
multipurpose
bolter
digger blade
angle
tool arm
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Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CNU2008202276425U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
王进朝
贾素梅
温长文
李晔
王惠新
高清海
刘焕新
吴海岩
张西群
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HEBEI MECHANIZATION OF AGRICULTURE INST CO Ltd
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HEBEI MECHANIZATION OF AGRICULTURE INST CO Ltd
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Priority to CNU2008202276425U priority Critical patent/CN201315751Y/en
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Publication of CN201315751Y publication Critical patent/CN201315751Y/en
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Abstract

The utility model provides a multipurpose rhizome harvester, belonging to the technical field of agricultural harvest machinery, which comprises a frame and a separating screen, wherein an eccentric vibration type digging mechanism is provided, and the output shaft of a gear shifting box is connected with a crank connecting rod vibration mechanism, the connecting rod of the crank connecting rod vibration mechanism is hinged with a swinging tool arm, one end of the swinging tool arm is connected with a digging shovel, the digging shovel is in a form of fore-aft reciprocating movement, the digging shovel is connected with the separating screen, and the eccentric vibration digging mechanism is separated from the separating sieve. The multipurpose rhizome harvester has the characteristics that the weaknesses in the prior art can be overcome, and the rhizome harvester can finish the processes of digging rhizome crop, separating fruits from soil, laying fruits in strip form and the like by one operation, can greatly improve the harvest efficiency and quality, has reasonable and compact structure, small volume, power conservation, energy conservation and convenient operation, has excellent power versatility in matching with a small four-wheel tractor, a hand tractor or a countryside supervisor, and is especially suitable for the harvest of rhizome crops, such as garlic, peanut, tomatoes and the like.

Description

The multipurpose root harvester
Technical field
The utility model relates to technical field of agricultural harvesting.
Background technology
The digging mechanism of domestic existing root crop harvest machinery has plough shovel type, rotation driving blade etc.There are shortcomings such as power consumption is big, hilling obstruction in plough shovel type digging mechanism; Rotation driving blade also has complex structure, the native separating effect instability of fruit, decreases the high shortcoming of fruit rate; Though the digger blade mechanism that some machinery has adopted oscillatory type, its digger blade structure also exists design defect, causes problems such as power consumption and damage fruit rate to fail effectively to be solved.At present the fruit of such machinery soil separator mostly is the vibratory sieve formula greatly, and vibratory sieve and digger blade or plough shovel rigid connection are on same frame, and vibration simultaneously causes that power consumption is very big, inefficiency; Some machinery has adopted rotation roll-type separating mechanism, but its complex structure also needs crushing and feeding unit, causes fault rate higher.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of this utility model provides a kind of multipurpose root harvester, and excavation, the fruit that this machine one-stop operation can be finished root crop separates, concentrates operations such as strip lay with earth, can improve results quality and efficient greatly, and power is economized, and is energy-conservation, easy to operate; The power versatility is good, can be supporting with tractor with small four wheels, hand tractor or garden supervisor, be specially adapted to the results of various root crops such as garlic, peanut, potato etc.
Main technical schemes of the present utility model is: a kind of multipurpose root harvester, comprise frame, dynamic power machine transmission device, bolter, it is characterized in that having eccentric oscillatory type digging mechanism, its structure is: the output shaft of gearbox links to each other with the crank connecting link vibrating mechanism, the connecting rod of crank connecting link vibrating mechanism and swing tool arm are twisted together, one end of swing tool arm links to each other with digger blade, and digger blade is the front-rear reciprocation movement form; Digger blade and bolter join, and eccentric oscillatory type digging mechanism and bolter are split.Being equipped with land wheel is good (also can not have).
Described crank connecting link vibrating mechanism and swing tool arm have two covers for good, are positioned at the both sides of reaping machine, and the two ends with digger blade fix respectively.Also can establish 3 covers etc.
For further reducing resistance, described digger blade cross section divides anterior angle of penetration and rear portion to rise native angle for two angled type structures are good.
Two angled type structures of described digger blade, its angle of penetration are 12~18 ° of perching knife front portions, the rear portion rise native angle be 17~23 ° for good, and to be provided with adjustable angle mechanism be good.
For improving the quality and efficient, described bolter is good for the drum-type bolter, and the sieve axle is connected with line shaft by transmission mechanism.Also available common vibratory sieve or net or belt drive sieve etc.
Described drum-type bolter is that multistage cylinder bolter combining structure is good.
Described multistage cylinder bolter combining structure and angle that ground is be 10 °~15 ° for good, and to be provided with adjustable angle mechanism be good.
It is that per minute is for 507~625 times good that the drive mechanism of described dynamic power machine transmission device and crank connecting link vibrating mechanism and swing tool arm (4) makes the vibration frequency of digger blade, and this structure frequency can be subdued the tractive resistance about 50% down, and is very laborsaving.
Good effect of the present utility model is: the deficiency that has overcome prior art, excavation, the fruit that this machine one-stop operation can be finished root crop separates, concentrates operations such as strip lay with earth, can improve results efficient and quality greatly, compact conformation is reasonable, volume is little, power is economized, and is energy-conservation, easy to operate; The economic performance excellence, good reliability can better satisfy user's instructions for use; The power versatility is good, can be supporting with tractor with small four wheels, hand tractor or garden supervisor, be specially adapted to the results of various root crops such as garlic, peanut, potato etc.
The utility model can have following technical characterstic:
1. digger blade is reciprocating by the driving of polarization mechanism when working, and can adjust digger blade angle of penetration, amplitude and frequency according to different soil.In the mining process soil before shoveling is dug sled, shatter, make the soil and the stem tuber initial gross separation that enter the mask work parts, to subdue tractive resistance, thereby solved the big technical barrier of root harvester power consumption, alleviate the live load of separator simultaneously, effect to shovel face soil retrojects in addition and send can significantly improve productivity ratio and operation quality.
2. this machine hack separating component adopts multistage cylinder bolter structure, arrange step by step by the direction of machine travel is low early and high after, form an inclination conveyor surface, and can be according to different soil property situation, soil moisture contents, reach situations such as the separation of fruit soil, the breakage of fruit stem tuber, increase and decrease cylinder progression, thus separating effect significantly improved, breakage rate reduces, and make compact integral structure, volume little.
3. vibrate the reasonable disposition between pusher digger blade, the multistage cylinder soil-crushing separating screen parts, simple and compact for structure, operation quality is good.
4. rationally mate unit pace and digger blade vibration frequency and amplitude, the excavation quality that can obtain; Rationally mated unit pace and digger blade vibration frequency and soil-crushing separating screen linear velocity, the separating effect of obtaining, and stem piece breakage rate is low.
5. each rotary screen can be with 12
Figure Y20082022764200041
The screw-thread steel of 10mm is welded in 7
Figure Y20082022764200042
Make on the cylindrical shape steelframe that the round steel of 8mm is formed, use the chain drive driven rotary, so in fact also play the effect of elevator.
Be described in further detail below in conjunction with embodiment and accompanying drawing, but not as to qualification of the present utility model.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the utility model embodiment;
Fig. 2 is the vertical view of Fig. 1;
Fig. 3 is the right view of Fig. 1;
Fig. 4 is the A-A cutaway view of Fig. 1;
Fig. 5 is the B-B cutaway view of Fig. 4;
Fig. 6 is a schematic perspective view of the present utility model.
Among Fig. 1~Fig. 6, each label implication is: 1 land wheel, 2 drum separating screen sprocket wheels, 3 digger blades, 4 swing tool arms, 41, the axle that is twisted together, 5 tractors, 6 hanger brackets, 7 universal joint coupking shafts, 8 rocker-arm links, 9 eccentric stiffeners, 10 power input shafts, 11 gearboxes, 12 inter-axle shaft output chain gears, 13 frames, 131 swing tool arm rotating shafts (being fixed on the frame), 14 power take-offs, 15 power take-off sprocket wheels, 16 inter-axle shaft sprocket wheels, 17 front propeller shaft sprocket wheels, 18 front propeller shaft sprocket wheels, 19 inter-axle shafts, 20 front propeller shafts, 21 bolters.
Embodiment
Referring to Fig. 1~Fig. 6: this multipurpose root harvester, comprise frame 13, land wheel 1, dynamic power machine transmission device, bolter 21, it is characterized in that having eccentric oscillatory type digging mechanism, structure is: the output shaft of gearbox 11 links to each other with the crank connecting link vibrating mechanism, the connecting rod 8 of crank connecting link vibrating mechanism and swing tool arm 4 are twisted together, and an end of swing tool arm 4 links to each other with digger blade 3 (swing tool arm rotating shaft 131 can be positioned at the top or following of axle 41 that be twisted together), and digger blade 3 is the front-rear reciprocation movement form; Digger blade 3 and bolter 21 join, and eccentric oscillatory type digging mechanism and bolter 21 are split.Crank connecting link vibrating mechanism and swing tool arm 4 have two covers, are positioned at the reaping machine both sides, and the two ends with digger blade 3 fix respectively.Digger blade 3 cross sections are two angled type structures, divide anterior angle of penetration and rear portion to rise native angle, angle of penetration is 12~18 ° of perching knife front portions (as 15 °), the rear portion rises 17~23 ° of native angles (as 20 °), can regulate according to soil and crop situation, and being provided with adjustable angle mechanism, regulative mode can be identical with the adjusting of bolter.Bolter 21 is drum-type bolter (for squirrel-cage cylinder soil-crushing separating screen), the sieve axle is connected with line shaft by transmission mechanism, the drum-type bolter is a multistage cylinder bolter combining structure, bolter progression is 4 among the embodiment, bolter progression can increase and decrease according to soil and crop situation, multistage cylinder bolter combining structure and angle that ground is are 10 °~15 °, and are provided with adjustable angle mechanism, can and adjust the land wheel height and regulate by hanger bracket length on the adjustment tractor.It is per minute 507~625 times that the drive mechanism of dynamic power machine transmission device and crank connecting link vibrating mechanism and swing tool arm 4 makes the vibration frequency of digger blade 3, can subdue 50% tractive resistance under this frequency; The motion mode of above-mentioned oscillatory type digger blade is that front and back are shimmy, and the absolute movement track is a zigzag.The dynamic power machine transmission device comprises gimbal coupling, bevel gear gearbox, chain drive etc.
During work, power is by the tractor rear output shaft, reach the reaping machine gearbox by universal joint, the output shaft of gear-box output shaft of gear-box is divided into two-way chain drive (3 sprocket wheels are triangular in shape in same plane), and one tunnel chain drive is delivered to eccentric vibration mechanism and drives digger blade vibration driving; Another road chain drive drives squirrel-cage cylinder bolter and rotates.During farm work, after this machine is suspended on tractor.Between crop row in the traveling process, the excavating depth that digger blade is scheduled under the face of land, porpoise, loosen the soil in the limit, the limit advances, the crop rhizome has been dug and has been transported to first order squirrel-cage cylinder soil-crushing separating screen together with soil, progressively fruit is separated from hack by 3~4 grades of bolters then, and be laid in the face of land.This machine modern design, the power versatility is good, and the economic performance excellence is rational in infrastructure, and reliability height, the excavation of one-stop operation root crop, fruit separate, concentrate operations such as strip lay with earth, can improve results efficient and quality greatly.Through on probation, effect is fine.
The present embodiment important technological parameters:
Mating power 11.02~14.7kW four-wheel tractor
Working width 880mm
Embedded depth 100-150mm
Embedded depth qualification rate 〉=98%
Operating efficiency 1.5-2.5 mu/hour
Hang behind the suspension type
Complete machine weight 150kg
Appearance and size 900 * 800 * 750mm
Rhizome percent of loss≤2%
Rhizome damage ratio peanut≤1%
Other rhizomes≤5%

Claims (8)

1, a kind of multipurpose root harvester, comprise frame (13), dynamic power machine transmission device, bolter (21), it is characterized in that having eccentric oscillatory type digging mechanism, its structure is: the output shaft of gearbox (11) links to each other with the crank connecting link vibrating mechanism, connecting rod of crank connecting link vibrating mechanism (8) and swing tool arm (4) are twisted together, one end of swing tool arm (4) links to each other with digger blade (3), and digger blade (3) is the front-rear reciprocation movement form; Digger blade (3) and bolter (21) join, and eccentric oscillatory type digging mechanism and bolter (21) are split.
2, multipurpose root harvester according to claim 1 is characterized in that described crank connecting link vibrating mechanism and swing tool arm (4) have two covers, is positioned at the both sides of reaping machine, and the two ends with digger blade (3) fix respectively.
3, multipurpose root harvester according to claim 1 is characterized in that described digger blade (3) cross section for two angled type structures, divides anterior angle of penetration and rear portion to rise native angle.
4, multipurpose root harvester according to claim 1 is characterized in that two angled type structures of described digger blade (3), and its angle of penetration is 12~18 ° of perching knife front portions, and it is 17~23 ° that the rear portion rises native angle, and is provided with adjustable angle mechanism.
5, multipurpose root harvester according to claim 1 is characterized in that described bolter (21) is the drum-type bolter, and the sieve axle is connected with line shaft by transmission mechanism.
6, multipurpose root harvester according to claim 5 is characterized in that described drum-type bolter is a multistage cylinder bolter combining structure.
7, multipurpose root harvester according to claim 6 is characterized in that described multistage cylinder bolter combining structure and angle that ground is are 10 °~15 °, and is provided with adjustable angle mechanism.
8,, it is characterized in that it is per minute 507~625 times that described dynamic power machine transmission device and crank connecting link vibrating mechanism make the vibration frequency of digger blade (3) with the drive mechanism of swinging tool arm (4) according to claim 1,2,3,5,6 or 7 described multipurpose root harvesters.
CNU2008202276425U 2008-12-03 2008-12-03 Multipurpose rhizome harvester Expired - Fee Related CN201315751Y (en)

Priority Applications (1)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103518464A (en) * 2013-10-12 2014-01-22 李垒 Multifunction underground crop harvester
CN106900262A (en) * 2017-03-01 2017-06-30 大同市机械化农业生态项目实验管理站 Beet, carrot cropper
CN109511353A (en) * 2018-11-29 2019-03-26 中国农业大学 Corydalis tuber harvest cleaning all-in-one machine
CN115443789A (en) * 2022-10-25 2022-12-09 山东省玛丽亚农业机械股份有限公司 Front-mounted shaft shoulder anti-fracture garlic harvester

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103518464A (en) * 2013-10-12 2014-01-22 李垒 Multifunction underground crop harvester
CN106900262A (en) * 2017-03-01 2017-06-30 大同市机械化农业生态项目实验管理站 Beet, carrot cropper
CN109511353A (en) * 2018-11-29 2019-03-26 中国农业大学 Corydalis tuber harvest cleaning all-in-one machine
CN115443789A (en) * 2022-10-25 2022-12-09 山东省玛丽亚农业机械股份有限公司 Front-mounted shaft shoulder anti-fracture garlic harvester

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C17 Cessation of patent right
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20090930

Termination date: 20101203