CN210352180U - A collection device for potato harvester - Google Patents

A collection device for potato harvester Download PDF

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Publication number
CN210352180U
CN210352180U CN201920989174.3U CN201920989174U CN210352180U CN 210352180 U CN210352180 U CN 210352180U CN 201920989174 U CN201920989174 U CN 201920989174U CN 210352180 U CN210352180 U CN 210352180U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
conveyor belt
belt
scraping plate
stem leaf
conveyer belt
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN201920989174.3U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
殷敏
殷来大
刘海
段一平
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Danyang Rongjia Precision Machinery Co ltd
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Danyang Rongjia Precision Machinery Co ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
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Application filed by Danyang Rongjia Precision Machinery Co ltd filed Critical Danyang Rongjia Precision Machinery Co ltd
Priority to CN201920989174.3U priority Critical patent/CN210352180U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN210352180U publication Critical patent/CN210352180U/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

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Abstract

The utility model discloses a collecting device for a potato harvester, which comprises a first conveyor belt, a second conveyor belt and a third conveyor belt which are connected in sequence; a plurality of rubber shock absorption pipes distributed in an array manner are arranged on the first conveyor belt, the second conveyor belt and the third conveyor belt; still be equipped with the stem leaf separation area between first conveyer belt and the second conveyer belt, the stem leaf separation area on even have the stem leaf winding belt that is the groined type and distributes. This device is used for gathering in advance and the part of raising in advance after the potato is tentatively excavated, adopts consecutive first conveyer belt, second conveyer belt and third conveyer belt to convey the potato step by step to get rid of the stem leaf of winding on the potato surface in the data send process, in order to obtain clean potato.

Description

A collection device for potato harvester
Technical Field
The utility model relates to a collection device for potato harvester.
Background
The potato cultivation method is suitable for planting potatoes in most places in China, is a main crop variety in China, and is particularly a current variety in mountainous areas and hilly areas; the potatoes are both crops and economic crops, have unique advantages in deep processing, can be processed into starch, strips, sheets, mud, dextrin, vermicelli and the like besides being eaten as vegetables, have extremely high economic value, are main economic sources of growers in the western region, but have a great problem with the enlargement of planting area, and have large labor amount, high labor intensity and long harvesting time; the labor cost rises continuously, the income of farmers is severely restricted, the planting and harvesting expenditure of potatoes accounts for the main part of the cost, particularly, the potatoes cannot be planted when the price is greatly reduced, the planting range is wide, the planting amount is large, and the harvesting of the potatoes is heavy; the potato harvester is gradually adopted in agricultural production in recent years, so that the burden of workers is greatly reduced, the existing potato harvester is produced by a plurality of planting and harvesting machines, the defects of complex structure, large power loss and low operation efficiency exist, and sometimes the separation effect of potatoes and soil is poor due to large soil viscosity or large water content.
When potatoes are harvested, the most heavy physical labor is realized, most farmers cannot harvest the potatoes in time due to the difficulty in digging, and the potatoes are frozen and rotted in the ground, so that the economic income is directly influenced; therefore, the small four-wheel potato harvester is a wish of common farmers, so far, the potato harvester with the small four-wheel is not ideal, and some potato harvesters have complex structure, inconvenient installation and large energy consumption; also, the breakage is large, and the net rate is low.
SUMMERY OF THE UTILITY MODEL
The utility model aims at solving the defects of the prior art and providing a collecting device for a potato harvester.
A collecting device for a potato harvester comprises a first conveyor belt, a second conveyor belt and a third conveyor belt which are connected in sequence; a plurality of rubber shock absorption pipes distributed in an array manner are arranged on the first conveyor belt, the second conveyor belt and the third conveyor belt; still be equipped with the stem leaf separation area between first conveyer belt and the second conveyer belt, the stem leaf separation area on even have the stem leaf winding belt that is the groined type and distributes.
Preferably, the tail parts of the first conveyor belt and the second conveyor belt are inclined upwards.
Preferably, the second conveyor belt is also provided with an intermittent vibration device; the intermittent vibration device comprises an incomplete gear and a tension pulley; the incomplete gear is positioned in the second conveyor belt, and the inner wall of the second conveyor belt is connected with a rack meshed with the incomplete gear; tensioning pulley pass through the connecting rod and link to each other with incomplete gear, tensioning pulley's outer wall is pressed on the inner wall of second conveyer belt, the middle part of connecting rod passes through the connecting axle and links to each other with the crank.
Preferably, the stem leaf separating device further comprises a scraping plate, the scraping plate is located above the stem leaf separating belt, a gap is reserved between the bottom end of the scraping plate and the upper surface of the stem leaf separating belt, two sides of the top end of the scraping plate are hinged to a scraping plate fixing frame through rotating shafts, a limiting block is connected to the side wall of the scraping plate, and the limiting block penetrates through an arc-shaped through groove in the scraping plate fixing frame and is connected with the rocker arm through a reset spring; one end of the reset spring is connected with the limiting block, the other end of the reset spring is connected with the right end of the rocker arm through the connecting rod, the middle of the rocker arm is hinged to the main fixing frame, the left end of the rocker arm is connected with the damping block, and the damping block is located above the main fixing frame.
Preferably, the material of the damper block is rubber.
Has the advantages that:
adopt consecutive first conveyer belt, the preliminary results of second conveyer belt and third conveyer belt realization potato in this device, constitute the conveyer belt with the rubber shock tube that has certain elasticity, thereby prevent when the potato results, spout wound or scratch potato, in order to guarantee the integrality of potato, again through the haulage of the stem leaf winding belt that is the groined type and distributes to potato stem leaf, thereby realize the quickly separating of potato and stem leaf, in order to guarantee the high efficiency of potato results, the cleanliness factor.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic view of a mechanical transmission portion of a potato harvester;
FIG. 2 is a schematic structural view of a conveyor section;
FIG. 3 is a front view of a conveyor section;
FIG. 4 is a schematic view of a portion of the top scraping plate;
FIG. 5 is an enlarged view of portion A of FIG. 4;
FIG. 6 is an enlarged view of portion B of FIG. 4;
FIG. 7 is a schematic view of the mounting of the crank;
FIG. 8 is a schematic view showing the structure of an intermittent vibrating device in the second conveyor belt;
fig. 9 is an enlarged view of portion C of fig. 8;
FIG. 10 is a schematic view of the construction of the lifting mechanism;
FIG. 11 is a front view of the lift mechanism;
FIG. 12 is a schematic connection diagram of the angle adjusting cylinder;
1. the collecting device 11, the first conveyor belt 12, the second conveyor belt 13, the third conveyor belt 14, the stem and leaf separating belt 15, the scraping plate fixing frame 16, the shock absorption block 17, the rocker arm 18, the connecting rod 19, the reset spring 2, the lifting device 20, the scraping plate 21, the arc-shaped through groove 22, the connecting rod 23, the tensioning pulley 24, the incomplete gear 25, the crank 26, the rotating bucket 27, the arc-shaped plate 28, the conveying cavity 29, the driven gear 3, the blanking conveying device 30, the driving gear set 5 and the angle adjusting oil cylinder.
Detailed Description
In order to deepen the understanding of the present invention, the present invention will be further described in detail with reference to the following embodiments and the attached drawings, and the embodiments are only used for explaining the present invention, and do not constitute the limitation to the protection scope of the present invention.
As shown in figures 1-12, a material conveying device of a potato harvester comprises a collecting device 1, a lifting device 2 and a blanking conveying device 3.
The collecting device 1 comprises a first conveyor belt 11, a second conveyor belt 12 and a third conveyor belt 13 which are connected in sequence; the first conveyor belt 11, the second conveyor belt 12 and the third conveyor belt 13 are all provided with a plurality of rubber shock absorption tubes distributed in an array manner; a stem leaf separating belt 14 is further arranged between the first conveying belt 11 and the second conveying belt 12, and stem leaf winding belts distributed in a # -shape are connected to the stem leaf separating belt 14; the tail parts of the first conveyor belt 11 and the second conveyor belt 12 are inclined upwards.
The lifting device 2 comprises a rotating bucket 26 and two arc-shaped plates 27 which are symmetrically arranged; the two arc-shaped plates 27 are symmetrically positioned at two ends of the inner side of the upper inner wall of the rotating hopper 26; the inner wall of the rotating hopper 26 is connected with a plurality of baffles, and a semi-closed transportation cavity 28 is formed between each two adjacent baffles and the inner wall of the rotating hopper 26; the outer wall of the rotating bucket 26 is connected with a circular rack, the side surface of the circular rack is respectively engaged with a driving gear group 30 and a plurality of driven gears 29, and the driving gear group 30 comprises two driving gears which synchronously rotate.
The blanking conveyer 3 including the conveying conveyer belt that sets gradually, select and distinguish conveyer belt, one-level blanking conveyer belt and be located the second grade blanking conveyer belt of storage incasement, one-level blanking conveyer belt and second grade blanking conveyer belt be 8 style of calligraphy and distribute and articulated each other, be provided with angle modulation hydro-cylinder 5 between one-level blanking conveyer belt and the second grade blanking conveyer belt, 5 tail ends of angle modulation hydro-cylinder link to each other with one-level blanking conveyer belt bottom through the bottom end rail, angle modulation hydraulic cylinder's free end is articulated with second grade blanking conveyer belt bottom through the entablature.
As shown in fig. 8, a first rotating shaft is connected to the end of the third conveyor belt 13, and the first rotating shaft is obliquely positioned between the third conveyor belt 13 and the rotating bucket 26, and the turning direction of the first rotating shaft is opposite to the moving direction of the third conveyor belt 13; the beginning of the conveyor belt is connected to a second rotation axis which is obliquely arranged between the conveyor belt and the rotating bucket 26 and the direction of rotation of the second rotation axis is opposite to that of the rotating bucket 26.
The second conveyor belt 12 is also provided with an intermittent vibration device; the intermittent vibration device comprises an incomplete gear 24 and a tension pulley 23; the incomplete gear 24 is positioned inside the second conveyor belt 12, and a rack meshed with the incomplete gear 24 is connected to the inner wall of the second conveyor belt 12; the tension pulley 23 is connected with the incomplete gear 24 through a connecting rod 22, the outer wall of the tension pulley 23 presses on the inner wall of the second conveyor belt 12, and the middle part of the connecting rod 22 is connected with a crank 25 through a connecting shaft.
The stem leaf separating device is characterized by further comprising a scraping plate 20, wherein the scraping plate 20 is located above the stem leaf separating belt 14, a gap is reserved between the bottom end of the scraping plate 20 and the upper surface of the stem leaf separating belt 14, two sides of the top end of the scraping plate 20 are hinged to a scraping plate 20 fixing frame 15 through rotating shafts, a limiting block is connected to the side wall of the scraping plate 20, and the limiting block penetrates through an arc-shaped through groove 21 in the scraping plate 20 fixing frame 15 and is connected with the rocker arm 17 through a return spring 19; one end of the return spring 19 is connected with the limiting block, the other end of the return spring is connected with the right end of the rocker arm 17 through the connecting rod 18, the middle of the rocker arm 17 is hinged with the main fixing frame, the left end of the rocker arm 17 is connected with the damping block 16, and the damping block 16 is located above the main fixing frame.
And a buffer rubber curtain is arranged at the tail end of the secondary blanking conveyer belt.
The first-stage blanking conveyer belt and the second-stage blanking conveyer belt are chain type blanking conveyer belts, conveying rods of the chain type blanking conveyer belts are all coated with first buffer layers, and the upper parts of the first buffer layers at intervals of 3-10 conveying rods are connected with buffer baffle plates.
The conveying conveyer belt is a chain conveying conveyer belt and is arranged in an upward inclined mode, conveying rods of the chain conveying conveyer belt are coated with second buffer layers, and multiple rows of protrusions are arranged on the upper portions of the second buffer layers at intervals of 3-10 conveying rods along the length direction of the buffer layers.
The operation condition is as follows:
first, the collecting device 1:
the potatoes to be excavated are transported by the first conveyor belt 11, the second conveyor belt 12 and the third conveyor belt 13 in sequence, and in the transportation process, when the potatoes are conveyed to the second conveyor belt 12 from the first conveyor belt 11, stems and leaves on the surface of the potatoes are wound on the stem and leaf winding belt in a # -shape and pulled by the stem and leaf conveyor belt, so that the separation of the stems and leaves from the potatoes is realized, and clean potatoes are obtained.
When the potatoes are in the second conveyor belt 12, the second conveyor belt 12 generates vibration under the action of the intermittent meshing action of the incomplete gear 24 and the rack in the intermittent vibration device, so that soil blocks attached to the surfaces of the potatoes are shaken and raked clean.
When a small amount of potatoes still entwined by the stems and leaves pass through the scraping plate 20, the potatoes are torn off from the stems and leaves under the action of the scraping plate 20, so that clean potatoes are obtained.
II, lifting the device 2:
the clean potatoes collected by the collecting device 1 pass through the third conveyor belt 13 in turn and are knocked down by the first rotating shaft at the end of the third conveyor belt 13, fall into the rotating hopper 26, and fall in batches in turn into the respective transport chambers 28, which are transported to the top by the rotating motion of the rotating hopper 26.
Thirdly, a blanking conveying device 3:
the potato of transporting rotatory 26 tops of fighting falls into the conveying conveyer belt under the effect of self gravity to offset potato horizontal movement's inertia by the second rotation axis, thereby with the potato along the conveying conveyer belt, pass through conveying conveyer belt, select the conveyer belt, one-level blanking conveyer belt and be located the second grade blanking conveyer belt of storage incasement in proper order, wherein, select the conveyer belt with the less potato screening blanking of granule. Finally, the large potatoes meeting the requirements are transported into a storage bin.
The above description is only a preferred embodiment of the present invention, and should not be taken as limiting the invention, and any modifications, equivalent replacements, improvements, etc. made within the spirit and principle of the present invention should be included in the protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (5)

1. A collecting device for a potato harvester is characterized by comprising a first conveyor belt, a second conveyor belt and a third conveyor belt which are connected in sequence; a plurality of rubber shock absorption pipes distributed in an array manner are arranged on the first conveyor belt, the second conveyor belt and the third conveyor belt; still be equipped with the stem leaf separation area between first conveyer belt and the second conveyer belt, the stem leaf separation area on even have the stem leaf winding belt that is the groined type and distributes.
2. The collecting device for a potato harvester according to claim 1, wherein the tail portions of the first conveyor and the second conveyor are inclined upward.
3. A collecting device for a potato harvester according to claim 1, wherein the second conveyor belt is further provided with intermittent vibrating means; the intermittent vibration device comprises an incomplete gear and a tension pulley; the incomplete gear is positioned in the second conveyor belt, and the inner wall of the second conveyor belt is connected with a rack meshed with the incomplete gear; tensioning pulley pass through the connecting rod and link to each other with incomplete gear, tensioning pulley's outer wall is pressed on the inner wall of second conveyer belt, the middle part of connecting rod passes through the connecting axle and links to each other with the crank.
4. The collecting device for the potato harvester as claimed in claim 1, further comprising a scraping plate, wherein the scraping plate is located above the stem leaf separating belt, a gap is reserved between the bottom end of the scraping plate and the upper surface of the stem leaf separating belt, both sides of the top end of the scraping plate are hinged to a scraping plate fixing frame through a rotating shaft, a limiting block is connected to the side wall of the scraping plate, and the limiting block penetrates through the arc-shaped through groove in the scraping plate fixing frame and is connected with the rocker arm through a return spring; one end of the reset spring is connected with the limiting block, the other end of the reset spring is connected with the right end of the rocker arm through the connecting rod, the middle of the rocker arm is hinged to the main fixing frame, the left end of the rocker arm is connected with the damping block, and the damping block is located above the main fixing frame.
5. A collecting device for a potato harvester according to claim 4, wherein the shock absorbing blocks are made of rubber.
CN201920989174.3U 2019-06-28 2019-06-28 A collection device for potato harvester Expired - Fee Related CN210352180U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201920989174.3U CN210352180U (en) 2019-06-28 2019-06-28 A collection device for potato harvester

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201920989174.3U CN210352180U (en) 2019-06-28 2019-06-28 A collection device for potato harvester

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN210352180U true CN210352180U (en) 2020-04-21

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201920989174.3U Expired - Fee Related CN210352180U (en) 2019-06-28 2019-06-28 A collection device for potato harvester

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN210352180U (en)

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110214518A (en) * 2019-06-28 2019-09-10 丹阳荣嘉精密机械有限公司 A kind of collection device for potato picker

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110214518A (en) * 2019-06-28 2019-09-10 丹阳荣嘉精密机械有限公司 A kind of collection device for potato picker

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CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20200421

CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee