CN202873332U - Trailer type harvester used for tigernut collection - Google Patents

Trailer type harvester used for tigernut collection Download PDF

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Publication number
CN202873332U
CN202873332U CN 201220572013 CN201220572013U CN202873332U CN 202873332 U CN202873332 U CN 202873332U CN 201220572013 CN201220572013 CN 201220572013 CN 201220572013 U CN201220572013 U CN 201220572013U CN 202873332 U CN202873332 U CN 202873332U
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beans
grass
gear
rotation
hydraulic
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Withdrawn - After Issue
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CN 201220572013
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
赵云庭
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YONGQING WEIJIA MACHINERY PROCESSING PLANT
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YONGQING WEIJIA MACHINERY PROCESSING PLANT
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Abstract

A trailer type harvester used for tigernut collection comprises a main frame, a power transmission system, a collection mechanism, a conveying mechanism, a nut-stray separation mechanism, a screening mechanism and a nut storage box. The main frame is provided with traveling wheels and side plates on the two sides, the power transmission system is connected with a power output shaft arranged on a drag trailer, the collection mechanism, and the conveying mechanism, the nut-straw separation mechanism, the screening mechanism and the nut storage box are sequentially arranged on the main frame and the side plates on the two sides from front to back. The trailer type harvester used for the tigernut collection is high in working efficiency, simple in structure, low in manufacturing cost, convenient to adjust and maintain and very suitable for being used for picking work for tigernuts in a large area, and has good market prospects.

Description

A kind of trailer-type reaping machine for oily Sha's beans collection
Technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of agricultural harvesting machinery, and a kind of trailer-type reaping machine especially for oily Sha's beans are on a large scale plucked belongs to technical field of agricultural harvesting.
Background technology
Oil Sha beans have another name called earth almona, originate in African northeast, have the laudatory title of " underground walnut ", and oil yield is 32.5%~38.7%, and this oil is to reducing blood fat, and anti-angiocardiopathy has unique effect, and is larger at China's planting scale in recent years. 
Oil Sha beans are mainly gathered in the crops underground nuclear shape rhizome fruit, and are annual after the Autumnal Equinox, just can begin to gather when the leaf look of part begins to turn to be yellow on the ground.But oily Sha's beans root handle is thin, easily comes off, and harvest time is had higher requirement, early receives, and maturity is inadequate, and oil yield is low; Receive late, seed comes off, and is difficult to receive to the greatest extent.Therefore the results problem of oily Sha's beans is one of key factors of impact plantation income.
Existing oily Sha's beans harvest operation mainly is to utilize small-sized scarifier attachment with the soil scarifying, then in a large number use manual receipts of apparatus such as artificial rake to adopt, the harvesting approach efficient of this quasi-tradition is extremely low, takies a large amount of labours, can not satisfy the needs of large tracts of land harvest operation.
The utility model content
The purpose of this utility model is the drawback for prior art, provide a kind of simple in structure, low cost of manufacture, collection to receive to adopt and assorted clearly integrated carry out be used for the trailer-type reaping machine that oily Sha's beans gather.
Problem described in the utility model realizes with following technical proposals:
A kind of trailer-type reaping machine for oily Sha's beans collection, it comprises main car frame, dynamic transfer system, collecting mechanism, conveying mechanism, beans grass separating mechanism, sorting mechanism and storage beans case, described main car frame is provided with road wheel and both sides side plate, the power take-off that arranges on described dynamic transfer system and the tow tractor links to each other, and described collecting mechanism, conveying mechanism, beans grass separating mechanism, sorting mechanism and storage beans case are arranged on main car frame and the both sides side plate thereof from front to back successively.
Above-mentioned trailer-type reaping machine for oily Sha's beans collection, described dynamic transfer system comprises chain transmission mechanism and hydraulic gear, described gear drive is by chain transmission component I, transmission case and collecting mechanism driving shaft form, described chain transmission component I input is connected with power input shaft, its output is connection for transmission case and hydraulic gear respectively, described transmission case is connected with the collecting mechanism driving shaft, described hydraulic gear comprises hydraulic power unit, hydraulic oil container, high-pressure oil pipe and hydraulic motor, described hydraulic power unit is communicated with hydraulic oil container, described hydraulic power unit is by high-pressure oil pipe connecting fluid pressure motor, described hydraulic motor comprises the conveying motor, the beans grass separates motor and sieve beans motor, and they connect with the power input element of corresponding mechanism respectively.
Above-mentioned trailer-type reaping machine for oily Sha's beans collection, described collecting mechanism comprises depth stop roller, rotation collecting drum and fixed head, described rotation collecting drum is provided with one group of rotation and collects blade, collect the uniform tooth that revolves on the blade in rotation, described depth stop roller is positioned at rotation collecting drum front, depth stop roller and rotation collecting drum are installed on the fixed head, and described fixed head is positioned at the both sides of main car frame front end.
Above-mentioned trailer-type reaping machine for oily Sha's beans collection, described conveying mechanism comprises the conveyance axle, transportation sprocket, transporting chain plate and conveying sieve plate, described conveyance axle comprises driving shaft and driven shaft two parts, wherein driving shaft is by carrying motor to drive, driving shaft is positioned at the collecting mechanism back, driven shaft is positioned at the front of beans grass separating mechanism, the axial connecting line of driving shaft and driven shaft presents low early and high after heeling condition, described transportation sprocket is fixedly mounted on the conveyance axle, they and transporting chain plate are equipped with, described conveying sieve plate and transporting chain plate are arranged in parallel, and carry sieve plate to be positioned at the below of transporting chain plate.
Above-mentioned trailer-type reaping machine for oily Sha's beans collection, described beans grass separating mechanism comprises that the beans grass disperses roller, many gang saws tooth is hugged straw articles, the grass stalk is carried cage, filter sieve plate, beans soil is carried cage, beans grass delivery board and chain group II, wherein the beans grass disperses roller, many gang saws tooth is hugged straw articles, the grass stalk is carried cage, beans soil is carried cage all to separate motor by chain group II by the beans grass and is driven, described beans grass dispersion roller is positioned at many gang saws tooth and hugs the straw articles top, it is the camshaft structure that is provided with many row's eccentric cams that described many gang saws tooth is hugged the straw articles driving shaft, described grass stalk carries cage to be horizontally placed on the back lower place that many gang saws tooth is hugged straw articles, its outlet is positioned at the side of main car frame, described filtration sieve plate be in tilted layout many gang saws tooth hug straw articles below, its lower end outlet carries cage to be connected with beans soil, described beans soil carries the cage exit that beans grass delivery board is installed, and described beans grass delivery board is connected with sorting mechanism.
Above-mentioned trailer-type reaping machine for oily Sha's beans collection, described sorting mechanism comprises gear-wheel gear-ring transmission component, rotation screen drum and rotation screen drum supporting component, described gear-wheel gear-ring transmission component comprises gear and the rotation bull gear of external toothing, described gear is fixed on the sieve beans motor output shaft, described rotation bull gear is sleeved on rotation screen drum outside, described rotation screen drum is flexibly connected by rotation screen drum supporting component and main car frame, and its outlet is connected with storage beans case.
The utility model can and provide power by tractor-drawn, drives the results of efficiently finishing oily Sha's beans by dynamic transfer system; Cooperation by collecting mechanism, conveying mechanism, beans grass separating mechanism and sorting mechanism, can pluck simultaneously at oily Sha's beans, remove the foreign material such as the grass stalk that carries in oily Sha's beans, soil block, greatly reduce percentage of impurity, reduce oily Sha's beans production cost, realize high efficiency, high-quality oily Sha's beans harvesting.The utility model high efficiency, simple in structure, low cost of manufacture is adjusted easy to maintenancely, is fit to very much large tracts of land oil Sha beans and plucks operation and use, and has good market prospects.
Description of drawings
The utility model is described in further detail below in conjunction with accompanying drawing.
Fig. 1 is rough package drawing of the present utility model;
Fig. 2 is the vertical view of Fig. 1;
Fig. 3 is main car frame schematic diagram of the present utility model;
Fig. 4 is the gear drive schematic diagram of dynamic transfer system;
Fig. 5 is the hydraulic gear schematic diagram of dynamic transfer system;
Fig. 6 is the utility model collecting mechanism schematic diagram;
Fig. 7 is the utility model conveying mechanism schematic diagram;
Fig. 8 is the utility model beans grass separating mechanism schematic diagram;
Fig. 9 is that many gang saws of the utility model tooth is hugged straw articles operation principle schematic diagram;
Figure 10 is the utility model sorting mechanism schematic diagram.
Each label is among the figure: 1, main car frame, 1-1, road wheel, 1-2, the vehicle frame side plate, 2, dynamic transfer system, 2-1, power input shaft, 2-2, chain group I, 2-3, transmission case, 2-4, hydraulic power unit, 2-5, hydraulic oil container, 2-6, carry motor, 2-7, the beans grass separates motor, 2-8, sieve beans motor, 2-9, high-pressure oil pipe, 3, collecting mechanism, 3-1, the depth stop roller, 3-2, the rotation collecting drum, 3-3, fixed head, 4, conveying mechanism, 4-1, driving shaft, 4-2, transportation sprocket, 4-3, transporting chain plate, 4-4, carry sieve plate, 4-5, driven shaft, 5, beans grass separating mechanism, 5-1, the beans grass disperses roller, 5-2, many gang saws tooth is hugged straw articles, 5-3, chain group II, 5-4, the grass stalk is carried cage, 5-5, beans soil is carried cage, 5-6, beans soil delivery board, 5-7, filter sieve plate, 6, sorting mechanism, 6-1, the rotation bull gear, 6-2, the rotation screen drum, 6-3, sorting mechanism supports, and 7, storage beans case.
Embodiment
Referring to Fig. 1, Fig. 2, Fig. 3, the utility model comprises main car frame 1, dynamic transfer system 2, collecting mechanism 3, conveying mechanism 4, beans grass separating mechanism 5, sorting mechanism 6 and storage beans case 7, described main car frame 1 is provided with road wheel 1-1 and both sides side plate 1-2, the power take-off that arranges on described dynamic transfer system 2 and the tow tractor links to each other, and described collecting mechanism 3, conveying mechanism 4, beans grass separating mechanism 5, sorting mechanism 6 and storage beans case 7 are arranged on main car frame 1 and the both sides side plate 1-2 thereof from front to back successively.
Referring to Fig. 1, Fig. 2, Fig. 4, Fig. 5, dynamic transfer system 2 of the present utility model comprises gear drive and hydraulic gear, described gear drive is by chain transmission component I 2-2, transmission case 2-3 and collecting mechanism driving shaft form, described chain transmission component I 2-2 input is connected with power input shaft 2-1, its output is connection for transmission case 2-3 and hydraulic gear respectively, described transmission case 2-3 is connected with the collecting mechanism driving shaft, described hydraulic gear comprises hydraulic power unit 2-4, hydraulic oil container 2-5, high-pressure oil pipe 2-9 and hydraulic motor, described hydraulic power unit 2-4 is communicated with hydraulic oil container 2-5, described hydraulic power unit 2-4 is by high-pressure oil pipe 2-9 connecting fluid pressure motor, described hydraulic motor comprises carries motor 2-6, the beans grass separates motor 2-7 and sieve beans motor 2-8, and they connect with the power input element of corresponding mechanism respectively.
Referring to Fig. 1, Fig. 2, Fig. 6, collecting mechanism 3 of the present utility model comprises depth stop roller 3-1, rotation collecting drum 3-2 and fixed head 3-3, described rotation collecting drum 3-2 is provided with one group of rotation and collects blade, collect the uniform tooth that revolves on the blade in rotation, described depth stop roller 3-1 is positioned at rotation collecting drum 3-2 front, depth stop roller 3-1 and rotation collecting drum 3-2 are installed on the fixed head 3-3, and described fixed head 3-3 is positioned at the both sides of main car frame 1 front end.
Referring to Fig. 1, Fig. 2, Fig. 7, conveying mechanism 4 of the present utility model comprises the conveyance axle, transportation sprocket 4-2, transporting chain plate 4-3 and conveying sieve plate 4-4, described conveyance axle comprises driving shaft 4-1 and driven shaft 4-5 two parts, wherein driving shaft 4-1 is by carrying motor 2-6 to drive, driving shaft 4-1 is positioned at collecting mechanism 3 back, driven shaft 4-5 is positioned at the front of beans grass separating mechanism 5, the axial connecting line of driving shaft 4-1 and driven shaft 4-5 presents low early and high after heeling condition, described transportation sprocket 4-2 is fixedly mounted on the conveyance axle, they and transporting chain plate 4-3 are equipped with, described transporting chain plate 4-3 is comprised of carrier chain and baffle plate, described baffle plate is installed in the outside of carrier chain, described conveying sieve plate 4-4 and transporting chain plate 4-3 are arranged in parallel, and carry sieve plate 4-4 to be positioned at the below of transporting chain plate 4-3.
Referring to Fig. 1, Fig. 2, Fig. 8, beans grass separating mechanism 5 of the present utility model comprises that the beans grass disperses roller 5-1, many gang saws tooth is hugged straw articles 5-2, the grass stalk is carried cage 5-4, filter sieve plate 5-7, beans soil is carried cage 5-5, beans grass delivery board 5-6 and chain group II 5-3, wherein the beans grass disperses roller 5-1, many gang saws tooth is hugged straw articles 5-2, the grass stalk is carried cage 5-4, beans soil conveying cage 5-5 separates motor 2-7 output shaft by chain group II 5-3 with the beans grass and is connected, described beans grass dispersion roller 5-1 is positioned at many gang saws tooth and hugs straw articles 5-2 top, it is the camshaft structure that is provided with many row's eccentric cams that described many gang saws tooth is hugged straw articles 5-2 driving shaft, described grass stalk carries cage 5-4 to be horizontally placed on the back lower place that many gang saws tooth is hugged straw articles 5-2, its outlet is positioned at the side of main car frame 1, described filtration sieve plate 5-7 be in tilted layout many gang saws tooth hug straw articles 5-2 below, its lower end outlet carries cage 5-5 to be connected with beans soil, described beans soil carries cage 5-5 exit that beans grass delivery board 5-6 is installed, and described beans grass delivery board 5-6 is connected with sorting mechanism 6.
Referring to Fig. 1, Fig. 2, Fig. 9, sorting mechanism 6 of the present utility model comprises gear-wheel gear-ring transmission component, rotation screen drum 6-2 and rotation screen drum supporting component 6-3, described gear-wheel gear-ring transmission component comprises gear and the rotation bull gear 6-1 of external toothing, described gear is fixed on the sieve beans motor 2-8 output shaft, described rotation bull gear 6-1 is sleeved on rotation screen drum 6-2 outside, described rotation screen drum is flexibly connected by rotation screen drum supporting component 6-3 and main car frame 1, and its outlet is connected with storage beans case 7.
Referring to Fig. 1~Figure 10, below in conjunction with specific embodiment the utility model operation principle and the course of work are described further:
The main car frame of this reaping machine drags operation by tractor, power input shaft 2-1 links to each other with the tractor rear output shaft, by chain group I 2-2 driven rotary collecting drum 3-2 and hydraulic power unit 2-4, hydraulic power unit 2-4 outputs power by high-pressure oil pipe 2-9 and drives and carries motor 2-6, the beans grass separates motor 2-7 and sieve beans motor 2-8, hydraulic oil container 2-5 is communicated with pumping plant 2-4, for hydraulic gear provides hydraulic oil, carry motor 2-6, the oil return circuit that the beans grass separates motor 2-7 and sieve beans motor 2-8 is communicated with hydraulic oil container 2-5, cooperatively interact between the said elements, be responsible for the complete machine power transmission.The depth stop roller 3-1 of the utility model collecting mechanism can adjust up and down the spacing degree of depth, and excessively dark to prevent that rotation collection blade from eating soil, load increases, and causes too early damage; The uniform tooth that revolves on the blade is collected in rotation, is connected with transmission case 2-3 gear, along direction rotation shown in the arrow among Fig. 1, Fig. 5, in order to oily Sha's beans of maturation are packed up in the lump with grass stalk, soil etc., falls into the bottom of conveying mechanism 4.The utility model conveying mechanism 4 is positioned at rotation collecting drum 3-2 rear portion, drive transporting chain plate 4-3 running by carrying motor 2-6 to drive with transportation sprocket 4-2 along direction shown in the arrow among Fig. 1, the oily Sha's beans that contain grass stalk, soil transport upward by transporting chain plate 4-3, carry in the present embodiment the oblong aperture that is distributed with 50 * 8 millimeters of many rows on the sieve plate 4-4, its hole width is less than oily Sha's beans diameter, therefore oily Sha's beans and careless stalk can continue upwards to carry, and most of soil will sieve the ground that falls go back to from oblong aperture.The utility model beans grass separating mechanism 5 is positioned at the rear portion of conveying mechanism 4 upper ends, contain oily Sha's beans by what conveying mechanism 4 transported, the grass stalk, after the mixture of soil falls into beans grass separating mechanism 5, separate under the drive of motor 2-7 at the beans grass, 5-3 hugs straw articles 5-2 for many gang saws tooth transmission of power through chain group II, the grass stalk is carried cage 5-4, beans soil is carried cage 5-5, the beans grass disperses roller 5-1, the beans grass disperses roller 5-1 along Fig. 1, the direction of arrow is dispersed into sheet with mixture and falls into many gang saws tooth and hug straw articles 5-2 among Fig. 8, many gang saws tooth hugs straw articles 5-2 because the eccentric motion of camshaft, and then reciprocal action (referring to Fig. 9) before and after forming up and down, the pawl of its upper end can be hugged the stalk of the grass in the mixture into the grass stalk along the direction of arrow and carry cage 5-4, the grass stalk carries cage 5-4 along traffic direction shown in Fig. 2 the grass stalk to be transported to grass stalk floss hole place, thereby drains into ground; The present embodiment is hugged straw articles 5-2 with many gang saws tooth, and respectively to arrange spacing setting be 25 millimeters, the mixture of oil Sha's beans and soil can not affected by it, fall on the filtration sieve plate 5-7 of below, owing to being distributed with 50 * 8 millimeters of many rows' oblong aperture on the filtration sieve plate 5-7 of the present embodiment, its hole width is less than oily Sha's beans diameter, therefore mixture still can will sieve the ground that falls go back to part soil from oblong aperture in dropping process, the oily Sha's beans that contain a small amount of soil then fall into beans soil and carry cage 5-5, are transported to sorting mechanism 6 by beans soil delivery board again.Sorting mechanism 6 of the present utility model is at the uniform velocity rotated by rotation bull gear 6-1 driven rotary screen drum 6-2 by sieve beans motor 2-8, rotation screen drum outer ring screen cloth spacing setting is 10 millimeters in the present embodiment, rotation screen drum 6-2 is the Sloped rotating state, soil in oily Sha's beans that it transports beans grass separating mechanism 5 thoroughly separates, fall earthward, select clean oily Sha's beans to the caudal end egress motion of rotation screen drum 6-2.Storage beans case 7 of the present utility model is positioned at the complete machine caudal end, is connected with rotation screen drum 6-2 outlet, screens complete oily Sha's beans and will all fall in the storage beans case 7, so far finishes oily Sha's beans receipts and adopts overall process.

Claims (6)

1. one kind is used for the trailer-type reaping machine that oily Sha's beans gather, it is characterized in that, it comprises main car frame (1), dynamic transfer system (2), collecting mechanism (3), conveying mechanism (4), beans grass separating mechanism (5), sorting mechanism (6) and storage beans casees (7), described main car frame (1) is provided with road wheel (1-1) and both sides side plate (1-2), the power take-off that arranges on described dynamic transfer system (2) and the tow tractor links to each other described collecting mechanism (3), conveying mechanism (4), beans grass separating mechanism (5), sorting mechanism (6) and storage beans casees (7) are arranged on main car frame (1) and the both sides side plate (1-2) thereof from front to back successively.
2. a kind of trailer-type reaping machine that gathers for oily Sha's beans according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, described dynamic transfer system (2) comprises gear drive and hydraulic gear, described gear drive is by chain transmission component I (2-2), transmission case (2-3) and collecting mechanism driving shaft form, described chain transmission component I (2-2) input is connected with power input shaft (2-1), its output is connection for transmission case (2-3) and hydraulic gear respectively, described transmission case (2-3) is connected with the collecting mechanism driving shaft, described hydraulic gear comprises hydraulic power unit (2-4), hydraulic oil container (2-5), high-pressure oil pipe (2-9) and hydraulic motor, described hydraulic power unit (2-4) is communicated with hydraulic oil container (2-5), described hydraulic power unit (2-4) is by high-pressure oil pipe (2-9) connecting fluid pressure motor, described hydraulic motor comprises carries motor (2-6), the beans grass separates motor (2-7) and sieve beans motors (2-8), and they connect with the power input element of corresponding mechanism respectively.
3. a kind of trailer-type reaping machine that gathers for oily Sha's beans according to claim 2, it is characterized in that, described collecting mechanism (3) comprises depth stop roller (3-1), rotation collecting drum (3-2) and fixed head (3-3), described rotation collecting drum (3-2) is provided with one group of rotation and collects blade, collect the uniform tooth that revolves on the blade in rotation, described depth stop roller (3-1) is positioned at rotation collecting drum (3-2) front, depth stop roller (3-1) and rotation collecting drum (3-2) are installed on the fixed head (3-3), and described fixed head (3-3) is positioned at the both sides of main car frame (1) front end.
4. a kind of trailer-type reaping machine that gathers for oily Sha's beans according to claim 3, it is characterized in that, described conveying mechanism (4) comprises the conveyance axle, transportation sprocket (4-2), transporting chain plate (4-3) and conveying sieve plate (4-4), described conveyance axle comprises driving shaft (4-1) and driven shaft (4-5) two parts, wherein driving shaft (4-1) is by carrying motor (2-6) to drive, driving shaft (4-1) is positioned at collecting mechanism (3) back, driven shaft (4-5) is positioned at the front of beans grass separating mechanisms (5), the axial connecting line of driving shaft (4-1) and driven shaft (4-5) presents low early and high after heeling condition, described transportation sprocket (4-2) is fixedly mounted on the conveyance axle, they and transporting chain plate (4-3) are equipped with, described conveying sieve plate (4-4) is arranged in parallel with transporting chain plate (4-3), carries sieve plate (4-4) to be positioned at the below of transporting chain plate (4-3).
5. a kind of trailer-type reaping machine that gathers for oily Sha's beans according to claim 4, it is characterized in that, described beans grass separating mechanisms (5) comprise that the beans grass disperses roller (5-1), many gang saws tooth is hugged straw articles (5-2), the grass stalk is carried cage (5-4), filter sieve plate (5-7), beans soil is carried cage (5-5), beans grass delivery board (5-6) and chain group II (5-3), wherein the beans grass disperses roller (5-1), many gang saws tooth is hugged straw articles (5-2), the grass stalk is carried cage (5-4), beans soil carries cage (5-5) to be connected by the output shaft that chain group II (5-3) and beans grass separate motor (2-7), described beans grass dispersion rollers (5-1) are positioned at many gang saws tooth and hug straw articles (5-2) top, it is the camshaft structure that is provided with many row's eccentric cams that described many gang saws tooth is hugged straw articles (5-2) driving shaft, described grass stalk carries cage (5-4) to be horizontally placed on the back lower place that many gang saws tooth is hugged straw articles (5-2), its outlet is positioned at the side of main car frame (1), described filtration sieve plate (5-7) is in tilted layout and hugs the below of straw articles (5-2) at many gang saws tooth, its lower end outlet carries cage (5-5) to be connected with beans soil, described beans soil carries cage (5-5) exit that beans grass delivery board (5-6) is installed, and described beans grass delivery boards (5-6) are connected with sorting mechanism (6).
6. a kind of trailer-type reaping machine that gathers for oily Sha's beans according to claim 5, it is characterized in that, described sorting mechanism (6) comprises the gear-wheel gear-ring transmission component, rotation screen drum (6-2) and rotation screen drum supporting component (6-3), described gear-wheel gear-ring transmission component comprises gear and the rotation bull gear (6-1) of external toothing, described gear is fixed on the output shaft of sieve beans motors (2-8), described rotation bull gear (6-1) is sleeved on rotation screen drum (6-2) outside, described rotation screen drum is flexibly connected by rotation screen drum supporting component (6-3) and main car frame (1), and its outlet is connected with storage beans casees (7).
CN 201220572013 2012-08-16 2012-11-02 Trailer type harvester used for tigernut collection Withdrawn - After Issue CN202873332U (en)

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