CN201409304Y - Peanut harvesting machine - Google Patents

Peanut harvesting machine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN201409304Y
CN201409304Y CN2009200886286U CN200920088628U CN201409304Y CN 201409304 Y CN201409304 Y CN 201409304Y CN 2009200886286 U CN2009200886286 U CN 2009200886286U CN 200920088628 U CN200920088628 U CN 200920088628U CN 201409304 Y CN201409304 Y CN 201409304Y
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China
Prior art keywords
chain
conveyer
peanut
harvester
shedding
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Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN2009200886286U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
刘二民
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Individual
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Individual
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Priority to CN2009200886286U priority Critical patent/CN201409304Y/en
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Publication of CN201409304Y publication Critical patent/CN201409304Y/en
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Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current

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Abstract

A peanut harvesting machine comprises a rack and a ploughing blade, a chain row transfer device, a chain-type clamping and transferring device and a transmission device which are installed on the rack. The ploughing blade is arranged at the lower part of the front end of the rack; the transmission device comprises a transmission shaft mounted at the upper apt of the rack, and provides power to thechain row transfer device and the chain-type clamping and transferring device through a gear and a chain; the chain row transfer device is installed behind the ploughing blade with the front part lowand the rear part higher; a traction connecting hole is formed in the front part of the rack; the chain-type clamping and transferring device is mounted at the upper part of the rear end of the chainrow transfer device; and the machine further comprises a drop peanut collecting device which is installed at the rear part of the chain row transfer device and is positioned under the chain-type clamping and transferring device. The harvesting machine effectively collects drop peanuts, completely solves the peanut dropping problem of the prior peanut harvesting machine, is suitable for various types of soil textures, can completely collect drop peanuts, is favorable for being popularization and application, and can bring benefits to peasants.

Description

Harvester for peanut
One, technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of agricultural machinery of harvesting peanut, particularly relates to a kind of harvester for peanut.
Two, background technology
China is large agricultural country, crops of a great variety, and peanut is because its adaptive capacity is stronger, cultivated area on both sides of the Changjiang River in motherland is not little, traditional harvesting peanut mostly adopts artificial plane to dig, and manually breaks ground, and trembles soil, therefore gathering in the crops peanut is a relatively more tired farm working, waste a large amount of time of vast farmers, occurred the agricultural machinery of some harvesting peanuts afterwards, can replace the Partial Jobs of vast farmers, but because the drawback of its design is not applied.
At present, the harvester for peanut of national agricultural machinery market sale and use has two kinds: two kinds of vibratory sieve formula and folder seedling formulas.
The harvester for peanut structural principle of vibratory sieve formula is: the front perching knife scoops up soil and peanut and delivers to the back vibratory sieve and carry out after native seedling separates, peanut seedling at random be placed on ground (shedding is also sifted out is placed on the bottom surface), defective is: inefficiency, peanut seedling is at random, and soil property is required harshness, and is useless to clayed ground, sandy soil ground to high humidity is also useless, though shedding is sieved to ground, it is time-consuming to pick up shedding, and shedding does not thoroughly solve.
Folder seedling formula harvester for peanut structural principle is: perching knife is loosening the peanut seedling shovel, delivers to the back by folder seedling chain again and puts neatly, a native device of bat is arranged below the folder seedling chain, has plenty of the chain type shake, efficient is than vibratory sieve height, and defective is: it is clean sometimes to tremble soil, and it is more that shedding cannot be packed up the peanut loss.
Generally speaking existing harvester for peanut does not all possess the function of collecting shedding, and in results peanut process owing to break ground, clap the effect of actions such as soil, can cause more shedding, after the harvester for peanut walking, scatter the peanut on a ground on the soil, must go to pick up by the vast farmers brother, therefore, existing harvester for peanut is not applied widely, can not get the approval of vast farmers; Opposite is to employ the people to go the peasant who takes ancient mode to go wood shavings to give birth on the contrary many, is sneering at the harvester for peanut industry.
Three, utility model content
In order to solve existing the problems referred to above, the utility model proposes a kind of design that breaks traditions, a kind of novel harvester for peanut is proposed.
The technical solution of the utility model is: a kind of harvester for peanut, contain organic frame, and rack-mounted plough shovels, chain is arranged conveyer, chain type clamping conveyer, transmission device, described plough shovel is installed in the front end bottom of frame, described transmission device contains the power transmission shaft that is installed in upper rack, provides power to arrange conveyer, clamping conveyer to chain by gear and chain; Chain row conveyer is installed in plough shovel rear low early and high afterly, the front portion of frame is provided with the traction connecting hole, described clamping conveyer is installed in the upper rear end of chain row conveyer, this machine also contains the shedding gathering unit, and described shedding gathering unit is installed in the rear portion of chain row conveyer and is positioned at the below of clamping conveyer.
Described shedding gathering unit contains the guide rail bracket that is fixed on the frame, and the special use that moves back and forth on guide rail bracket sieve; This special use sieve contains the sieve framework, and the framework both sides are installed with roller and driving shaft, and upper coarse and lower fine two-layer grid type screen cloth is arranged, and is the shedding collecting chamber between two-layer grid type screen cloth.
High preceding hanging down is skewed behind the thin grid type screen cloth of described lower floor, is provided with dodge gate at the collecting chamber front end.
The upper front end of described shedding retracting device is provided with slide plate, is provided with soil breaking tool on the top of this slide plate, and this soil breaking tool axle horizontal is installed on the guide rail bracket, and is connected with transmission device by chain.
Described power transmission shaft one vertical two horizontal totally three, the longitudinal axis vertically is installed in upper rack by bearing, other two axles laterally are installed in the top of frame by bearing, the longitudinal axis is by bevel gear pair and two transverse axis transmissions, first transverse axis is two joints, first transverse axis is by the driving shaft of chain connection chain row conveyer, and second transverse axis drives the driving shaft of chain type clamping conveyer by bevel gear pair, and is connected the shedding gathering unit with toggle by sprocket wheel.
Described chain row conveyer top is provided with the device of putting together, and this device of putting together contains the moment reinforcement of two symmetric arrangement, the anterior width of the device of putting together and plough shovel width coupling, the device rear portion of putting together be connected chain type clamping conveyer near.
Be provided with soil breaking tool and soil-clap plate between described chain type clamping conveyer and the shedding gathering unit.
Described chain type clamping conveyer rear portion is provided with out the seedling device of putting together.
Described chain row conveyer contains former and later two axles, is equipped with sprocket wheel at the antero posterior axis two ends, on the sprocket wheel at two ends chain is installed, and is fixedly connected with grooved row plate on the chain link of chain.
The guide wheel that contains symmetrically arranged two chains and chain thereof of described chain type clamping conveyer several, clamping part at two chains is equipped with chain slide, one of them chain slide is installed on the frame by elastic support, and another chain slide is installed on the frame by fixed support.
The beneficial effects of the utility model
1, effectively collects shedding, the thorough shedding problem that solves existing harvester for peanut
Adopt native seedling separated structures first, the plough of front shovel scoops up soil and peanut seedling and delivers to chain and arrange on the conveyer, chain row conveyer is sent to the back upper place transmission with soil and peanut seedling, chain type clamping conveyer gets up the peanut seedling clamping and carries backward, in the clamping course of conveying, handle, break ground, clap the shedding that soil comes off and directly drop in the sieve of shedding gathering unit through soil breaking tool and soil-clap plate; Soil on chain row conveyer and shedding are turned over and are fallen in the shedding gathering unit, and sieve removes soil and broken blade, broken crops stalk, and shedding is collected.
2, shedding is reclaimed totally, does not have soil, no broken leaf and broken crops stalk
On the sieve of shedding retracting device, be provided with two-layer grid type screen cloth, the slit of ground floor grid type screen cloth is bigger, peanut and soil are fallen simultaneously, keep design of scattered small flowers and plants leave and grating peanut stalk in the soil here, and other foreign material, second layer grid type screen cloth is littler than ground floor grid type screen cloth slit, can keep peanut here, sifts out soil.
3, adapt to various soil properties
Four, description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the front view of this harvester for peanut
Fig. 2 is the rearview of this harvester for peanut
Fig. 3 is the vertical view of this harvester for peanut
Fig. 4 is the front view of shedding gathering unit
Fig. 5 is the A-A cutaway view of Fig. 4
Fig. 6 is the right view of Fig. 5
Five, embodiment
Embodiment: referring to Fig. 1-Fig. 6,1 is towing pad among the figure, and 2 is longitudinal drive shaft, 3 is frame, 4 is first transverse axis, and 5 is the clamping chain of chain type clamping conveyer, and 6 is second transverse axis, 7 for going out the seedling device of putting together, and 8 is connecting rod, and 9 is soil-clap plate, 10 is soil breaking tool, and 11 are the shedding gathering unit, and 12 is road wheel, 13 chains for chain row conveyer, 14 are grooved row plate, 15 are the device of putting together, 16 are the plough shovel, and 17 is driving chain, and 18 is travelling gear, 19 is travelling gear, and 20 is fixed support, and 21 is chain slide, 22 is elastic support, 101 is sieve, and 102 is soil breaking tool, and 103 is roller, 104 is driving shaft, 105 is guide rail bracket, and 106 are scalping, and 107 is dusting cover, 108 is dodge gate, and 109 is slide plate.
A kind of harvester for peanut, contain organic frame 3, and the plough shovel 16, the chain that are installed on the frame 3 are arranged conveyer, chain type clamping conveyer, shedding gathering unit 11, transmission device, described plough shovel 16 is installed in the front end bottom of frame 3, described transmission device contains the power transmission shaft that is installed in frame 3 tops, provides power to arrange conveyer, clamping conveyer, shedding gathering unit to chain by gear 18,19 and chain 17; Chain row conveyer is installed in plough shovel 16 rears low early and high afterly, the front portion of frame 3 is provided with traction connecting hole 1, described clamping conveyer is installed in the upper rear end of chain row conveyer, and described shedding gathering unit 11 is installed in the rear portion of chain row conveyer and is positioned at the below of clamping conveyer.
Described shedding gathering unit contains the guide rail bracket 105 that is fixed on the frame, and the special use that moves back and forth on guide rail bracket 105 sieve; This special use sieve contains sieve framework 101, and framework 101 both sides are installed with roller 103 and driving shaft 104, and upper coarse and lower fine two-layer grid type screen cloth 106,107 is arranged, and is shedding collecting chamber 110 between two-layer grid type screen cloth.
Described lower floor high preceding the hanging down in thin grid type screen cloth 107 backs is skewed, is provided with dodge gate 108 at collecting chamber 110 front ends.
The upper front end of described shedding retracting device is provided with slide plate 109, is provided with soil breaking tool 102 on the top of this slide plate 109, and 102 111 levels of this soil breaking tool are installed on the guide rail bracket 105, and is connected with transmission device by chain 23.
Described power transmission shaft one vertical two horizontal totally three, the longitudinal axis 2 vertically is installed in frame 3 tops by bearing, other two axles 4,6 laterally are installed in the top of frame 3 by bearing, the longitudinal axis 2 is by 18,19 and two transverse axis 4,6 transmissions of bevel gear pair, first transverse axis is two joints, first transverse axis 4 is by the driving shaft 26 of chain 17 connection chains row conveyer, second transverse axis 6 passes through the driving shaft that bevel gear pair 23 drives chain type clamping conveyers, and is connected shedding gathering unit 11 by sprocket wheel 24 with toggle 8.
Described chain row conveyer top is provided with the device 15 of putting together, and this device 15 of putting together contains the moment reinforcement of two symmetric arrangement, the anterior width of the device 15 of putting together and plough shovel width coupling, device 15 rear portions of putting together be connected chain type clamping conveyer near.
Be provided with soil breaking tool 10 and soil-clap plate 9 between described chain type clamping conveyer 5 and the shedding gathering unit 11.
Described chain type clamping conveyer 5 rear portions are provided with out the seedling device 7 of putting together.
Described chain row conveyer contains former and later two axles 25,26, is equipped with sprocket wheel at the antero posterior axis two ends, and chain 13 is installed on the sprocket wheel at two ends, is fixedly connected with grooved row plate 14 on the chain link of chain 13.
The guide wheel that contains symmetrically arranged two chains 5 and chain thereof 27 of described chain type clamping conveyer several, clamping part at two chains 5 is equipped with chain slide 21, one of them chain slide 21 is installed on the frame 3 by elastic support 22, and another chain slide is installed on the frame 3 by fixed support 20.
The use of this machine and the course of work: by towing pad 1 end that this harvester for peanut is installed on the tractor longitudinal drive shaft 2 is connected on the rear output shaft of tractor, spurs this harvester for peanut by tractor and carry out work.
This machine is in the tractor traveling process, and the plough shovel scoops up soil and peanut, delivers on the chain row conveyer, and peanut seedling is put together down in the pressure of the device of putting together, enters chain type clamping conveyer, is raised backward and transmits; Shedding that comes off and soil block are with the shedding retracting device that is sent to the back by chain row conveyer, being provided with soil breaking tool in the front portion of shedding retracting device pulverizes soil block, soil after the pulverizing and shedding screening in the special use sieve is collected in shedding in the shedding collecting chamber, and soil leaks down through the grid type screen cloth; The peanut seedling on top is in the process that is backward transmitted by chain type clamping conveyer, there are soil breaking tool and soil-clap plate that the residual soil block of peanut seedling root is carried out fragmentation, owing to just in time enter the shedding retracting device after the broken peanut that comes off falls, together screen collection with above-mentioned shedding; The peanut seedling that is sent to this harvester for peanut rear go out seedling put together can be neat under the adjustment of device be discharged in the field.

Claims (10)

1, a kind of harvester for peanut, contain organic frame, and rack-mounted plough shovels, chain is arranged conveyer, chain type clamping conveyer, transmission device, described plough shovel is installed in the front end bottom of frame, described transmission device contains the power transmission shaft that is installed in upper rack, provides power to arrange conveyer, clamping conveyer to chain by gear and chain; Chain row conveyer is installed in plough shovel rear low early and high afterly, the front portion of frame is provided with the traction connecting hole, it is characterized in that: described clamping conveyer is installed in the upper rear end of chain row conveyer, this machine also contains the shedding gathering unit, and described shedding gathering unit is installed in the rear portion of chain row conveyer and is positioned at the below of clamping conveyer.
2, harvester for peanut according to claim 1 is characterized in that: described shedding gathering unit contains the guide rail bracket that is fixed on the frame, and the special use that moves back and forth on guide rail bracket sieve; This special use sieve contains the sieve framework, and the framework both sides are installed with roller and driving shaft, and upper coarse and lower fine two-layer grid type screen cloth is arranged, and is the shedding collecting chamber between two-layer grid type screen cloth.
3, harvester for peanut according to claim 2 is characterized in that: high preceding hanging down is skewed behind the thin grid type screen cloth of described lower floor, is provided with dodge gate at the collecting chamber front end.
4, harvester for peanut according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: the upper front end of described shedding retracting device is provided with slide plate, top at this slide plate is provided with soil breaking tool, and this soil breaking tool axle horizontal is installed on the guide rail bracket, and is connected with transmission device by chain.
5, harvester for peanut according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described power transmission shaft one vertical two horizontal totally three, the longitudinal axis vertically is installed in upper rack by bearing, other two axles laterally are installed in the top of frame by bearing, the longitudinal axis is by bevel gear pair and two transverse axis transmissions, first transverse axis is two joints, first transverse axis is by the driving shaft of chain connection chain row conveyer, second transverse axis drives the driving shaft of chain type clamping conveyer by bevel gear pair, and is connected the shedding gathering unit with toggle by sprocket wheel.
6, harvester for peanut according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described chain row conveyer top is provided with the device of putting together, this device of putting together contains the moment reinforcement of two symmetric arrangement, put together the anterior width and plough shovel width coupling of device, the device rear portion of putting together be connected chain type clamping conveyer near.
7, harvester for peanut according to claim 1 is characterized in that: be provided with soil breaking tool and soil-clap plate between described chain type clamping conveyer and the shedding gathering unit.
8, harvester for peanut according to claim 1 is characterized in that: described chain type clamping conveyer rear portion is provided with out the seedling device of putting together.
9, harvester for peanut according to claim 1 is characterized in that: described chain row conveyer contains former and later two axles, is equipped with sprocket wheel at the antero posterior axis two ends, on the sprocket wheel at two ends chain is installed, and is fixedly connected with grooved row plate on the chain link of chain.
10, harvester for peanut according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: the guide wheel that contains symmetrically arranged two chains and chain thereof of described chain type clamping conveyer several, clamping part at two chains is equipped with chain slide, one of them chain slide is installed on the frame by elastic support, and another chain slide is installed on the frame by fixed support.
CN2009200886286U 2009-02-20 2009-02-20 Peanut harvesting machine Expired - Fee Related CN201409304Y (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2009200886286U CN201409304Y (en) 2009-02-20 2009-02-20 Peanut harvesting machine

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2009200886286U CN201409304Y (en) 2009-02-20 2009-02-20 Peanut harvesting machine

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN201409304Y true CN201409304Y (en) 2010-02-24

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ID=41711198

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN2009200886286U Expired - Fee Related CN201409304Y (en) 2009-02-20 2009-02-20 Peanut harvesting machine

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN201409304Y (en)

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101946585A (en) * 2010-07-30 2011-01-19 李好义 Scattered peanuts collecting device
CN102612920A (en) * 2012-04-02 2012-08-01 张春平 Peanut soil-removing and airing machine
CN103430683A (en) * 2013-08-07 2013-12-11 程水高 Peanut harvester
CN104081925A (en) * 2014-07-17 2014-10-08 正阳县程功机械有限公司 Hook type peanut harvester
CN110583203A (en) * 2019-09-25 2019-12-20 宜春学院 Harvesting device of sole dioscorea

Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101946585A (en) * 2010-07-30 2011-01-19 李好义 Scattered peanuts collecting device
CN102612920A (en) * 2012-04-02 2012-08-01 张春平 Peanut soil-removing and airing machine
CN103430683A (en) * 2013-08-07 2013-12-11 程水高 Peanut harvester
CN103430683B (en) * 2013-08-07 2016-06-01 程水高 A kind of harvester for peanut
CN104081925A (en) * 2014-07-17 2014-10-08 正阳县程功机械有限公司 Hook type peanut harvester
CN110583203A (en) * 2019-09-25 2019-12-20 宜春学院 Harvesting device of sole dioscorea
CN110583203B (en) * 2019-09-25 2021-01-29 宜春学院 Harvesting device of sole dioscorea

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C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
C17 Cessation of patent right
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20100224

Termination date: 20120220