CN101411289B - Method for cultivating gold needle mushroom using ramie core - Google Patents

Method for cultivating gold needle mushroom using ramie core Download PDF

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Publication number
CN101411289B
CN101411289B CN2008101979875A CN200810197987A CN101411289B CN 101411289 B CN101411289 B CN 101411289B CN 2008101979875 A CN2008101979875 A CN 2008101979875A CN 200810197987 A CN200810197987 A CN 200810197987A CN 101411289 B CN101411289 B CN 101411289B
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days
asparagus
temperature
percent
cultivated
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CN101411289A (en
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曾庆福
陈悟
崔永明
陈洪高
王军
潘飞
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Wuhan Textile University
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Wuhan University of Science and Engineering WUSE
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Abstract

The invention relates to a method for cultivating golden mushrooms by utilizing ramie core. The method comprises the steps of preparation of culture medium, inoculation, development, inducement to primordium, inhibition, growth of the mushrooms and harvest in stubbles, wherein the preparation of the culture medium comprises mixing, packaging and sterilization, and the components in weight percent of the culture medium are 77 to 82 percent of ramie core, 15 to 20 percent of wheat bran, 1 percent of cane sugar and 1 percent of gesso; the culture medium is cooled to below 30 DEG C, inoculated, and cultivated for 25 to 30 days at a temperature of between 18 and 22 DEG C and relative air humidity of between 65 and 70 percent; the culture medium is cultivated for 5 to 7 days at a temperature of between 10 and 12 DEG C and relative air humidity of between 80 and 85 percent, is subjected to inducement to primordium, cultivated for 4 to 5 days at a temperature of between 3 and 5 DEG C and relative air humidity of between 75 and 80 percent, and then cultivated for 6 to 8 days at a temperature of between 8 and 10 DEG C and relative air humidity of between 80 and 85 percent; and the golden mushrooms are harvested when grow to between 12 and 15 millimeters. The method has the advantages that the method uses local materials, changes the waste into the treasure, has low cost and short period for cultivating the mushrooms, and solves the problem that the burning of the ramie core pollutes the environment, and so on.

Description

A kind of method of utilizing the ramie bone to cultivate Asparagus
Technical field
The present invention relates to the edible mushroom field, particularly relate to a kind of method of utilizing the ramie bone to cultivate Asparagus.
Background technology
Asparagus is a kind of edible mushroom of nutritious, delicious flavour, the protein of Asparagus has comprised the content height of 8 kinds of necessary amino acid, especially lysines, apparently higher than other culturing edible fungus, Asparagus is called " increasing the intelligence mushroom " in Japan, is subjected to extensive welcome.Asparagus also has tangible medical care effect, can reduce the cholesterol in the blood, can prevent and treat hepatitis and stomach, enterelcosis.Studies show that (referring to " Chinese herbal medicine, 38 (10), 2007,1596-1598 "), the Asparagus kind contains flammulina velutipes or Asparagus element, has anti-cancer and kill cancer action.Chinese invention patent (CN1714617A) discloses a kind of method of cultivating flammulina velutipes, being characterized in adopting the wood chip rice bran is matrix, in recent years because wood chip rice bran resource is day by day nervous, the price straight line rises, thereby causing cultivating cost rises sharply, make that cultivating benefit significantly glides, and supply falls short of demand because of raw material, restricted shaping up of Asparagus production.
Ramie is the distinctive traditional fibre crop of China, and the title of " China's grass " is arranged.About 200,000 hectares of the long-term cultivated areas of China ramie, the boon that accounts for biological yield about 60% is except that small part is used for pressboard or gross weight band bar pulping and paper-making, and most of boon is by on-site incineration or discarded, and bioavailability is very low, cause the significant wastage of resource, again serious environment pollution.Therefore, the processing of ramie bone is department and peasant household's common concern and ten minutes stubborn problems such as governments at all levels, agricultural and environmental protection for many years.
Summary of the invention
Technical problem to be solved by this invention is: a kind of method of utilizing the ramie bone to cultivate Asparagus is provided, purpose is to make full use of the ramie bone, make it to become the quality raw materials of cultivating Asparagus, realization is turned waste into wealth, and solves also thorny problems such as field difficulty, burning ramie bone contaminated air, waste resource of ramie bone simultaneously.
The present invention solves its technical problem and adopts following technical scheme:
Comprise medium preparation, inoculation, send out bacterium, urge flower bud, inhibition, fruiting, the branch stubble step of gathering.
(1) preparation of medium:
Batching: by mass, take by weighing ramie bone 77~82%, wheat bran 15~20%, sucrose 1%, land plaster 2% and mix thoroughly, mixture; The ramie bone is a kind of by being the raw material of the rod-short of 3~7 millimeters long after pulverizing.
Pack: is that 1:1.6 mixes the back pack with mixture and water by mass ratio.
Sterilize: packed material was sterilized 2 hours down or sterilized 10 hours down at 100 ℃ at 121~125 ℃, get medium.
(2) inoculate: the medium cooling is cooled to below 28 ℃ inoculates Asparagus.
(3) send out bacterium: will inoculate medium after the Asparagus and place under 18~22 ℃ of temperature, relative air humidity 65~70% conditions and cultivated 25~30 days.
(4) urge flower bud: under 10~12 ℃ of temperature, relative moisture 80~85% conditions, cultivated 5~7 days.
(5) suppress: under 3~5 ℃ of temperature, relative moisture 75~80% conditions, cultivated 4~5 days.
(6) fruiting: under 8~10 ℃ of temperature, relative moisture 80~85% conditions, grew 6~8 days.
(7) divide stubble to gather: when Asparagus is grown to long 12~15 centimetres, to gather.
In the described pack process of above-mentioned steps (1), can use Polypropylene Bag or Polythene Bag.
The present invention as the quality raw materials of cultivating Asparagus, compared with prior art has following main advantage with useless ramie bone:
One. the cycle is short: with the nutrient matrix of ramie bone as Asparagus, can increase permeability, nutrient decomposes rapidly, and mycelial growth is grown fast, compares with traditional wood chip cultivating method, and batch cycle shortens 8~10 days.
They are two years old. and it is low to educate the mushroom cost: utilize the nutrient matrix of ramie bone as Asparagus, not only solved cultivation Asparagus matrix resource scarcity problem, and compare cost-saved about 60% with wood raw material.
They are three years old. turn waste into wealth: utilize the ramie bone to cultivate Asparagus, the bacterium lump waste materials that produces can be used as the fertilizer of ramie plantation again, farthest utilized the ramie resource, can alleviate the serious problem of environmental pollution in the ramie industry development process, the demand for development that adapts to recycling economy again is a kind of production model of environmental protection and economy.
They are four years old. outside the plurality of advantages such as gather materials on the spot except having, turn waste into wealth, it is low to educate the mushroom cost, and the cycle is short, can also solve the ramie bone also the field difficulty, burn problems such as contaminated environment, waste resource.
Embodiment
Following case study on implementation is to describe in further detail of the present invention, but it does not mean that any limitation of the invention, the prior art that the step that does not illustrate in detail among the embodiment is all cultivated by this area flat mushroom.
Embodiment 1:
Take by weighing the ramie bone 77kg that is crushed to 3~7 millimeters long, wheat bran 20kg, sucrose 1kg, land plaster 2kg mixes above-mentioned each component to mix by 1:1.6 with water and mixes thoroughly, promptly gets Asparagus cultivation matrix.
With the matrix after above-mentioned the mixing thoroughly, be sub-packed in fruiting Polypropylene Bags wide 17 centimetres, long 33 centimetres, tighten mouth, every packed matrix 290g (dry weight), 121 ℃ of sterilizations 2 hours are inoculated Asparagus after being cooled to room temperature, postvaccinal medium is placed cultivate after 25 days mycelia under 18~22 ℃ of temperature, relative moisture 65~70% conditions and cover with bag, after this reducing environmental temperature and be 10~12 ℃, increasing relative air humidity is 80~85%, continues to cultivate the fruit body primordium that occurred Asparagus in 7 days.In order to suppress earlier long mushroom, promote back growth mushroom, reduce room temperature to 3~5 ℃, cultivated 5 days under relative air humidity 75~80% conditions, raise then temperature to 8~10 ℃ increase relative air humidity to 80~85% and cultivated 8 days, gather when growing 12~15 centimetres when Asparagus is long.The average every bag of 183g that gathers of one damp mushroom, a damp mushroom biological transformation ratio is 63%, the 3 damp mushrooms of gathering altogether, total biological transformation ratio is 118%.
Embodiment 2:
Take by weighing the ramie bone 82kg that is crushed to 3~7 millimeters long, wheat bran 15kg, sucrose 1kg, land plaster 2kg mixes above-mentioned each component to mix by 1:1.6 with water and mixes thoroughly, promptly gets Asparagus cultivation matrix.
With the matrix after above-mentioned the mixing thoroughly, be sub-packed in fruiting Polythene Bags wide 17 centimetres, long 33 centimetres, tighten mouth, every packed matrix 290g (dry weight), 100 ℃ of sterilizations 10 hours are inoculated Asparagus after being cooled to room temperature, postvaccinal medium is placed cultivate after 30 days mycelia under 18~22 ℃ of temperature, relative moisture 65~70% conditions and cover with bag, after this reducing environmental temperature and be 10~12 ℃, increasing relative air humidity is 80~85%, continues to cultivate the fruit body primordium that occurred Asparagus in 5 days.In order to suppress earlier long mushroom, promote back growth mushroom, reduce room temperature to 3~5 ℃, cultivated 4 days under relative air humidity 75~80% conditions, raise then temperature to 8~10 ℃ increase relative air humidity to 80~85% and cultivated 6 days, gather when growing 12~15 centimetres when Asparagus is long.The average every bag of 178g that gathers of one damp mushroom, a damp mushroom biological transformation ratio is 61%, the 3 damp mushrooms of gathering altogether, total biological transformation ratio is 112%.

Claims (2)

1. method of utilizing the ramie bone to cultivate Asparagus, comprise medium preparation, inoculation, send out bacterium, urge flower bud, inhibition, fruiting, the branch stubble step of gathering, in the preparation process of the preparation of medium, used the Polypropylene Bag pack, it is characterized in that:
(1) preparation of medium:
Batching: by mass, take by weighing ramie bone 77~82%, wheat bran 15~20%, sucrose 1%, land plaster 2% and mix thoroughly, mixture; The ramie bone is a kind of by being the raw material of the rod-short of 3~7 millimeters long after pulverizing,
Pack: is to mix back at 1: 1.6 to pack with mixture and water by mass ratio,
Sterilize: packed material was sterilized 2 hours down or sterilized 10 hours down at 100 ℃ at 121~125 ℃, get medium;
(2) inoculate: the medium cooling is cooled to below 28 ℃ inoculates Asparagus;
(3) send out bacterium: will inoculate medium after the Asparagus and place under 18~22 ℃ of temperature, relative air humidity 65~70% conditions and cultivated 25~30 days;
(4) urge flower bud: under 10~12 ℃ of temperature, relative moisture 80~85% conditions, cultivated 5~7 days;
(5) suppress: under 3~5 ℃ of temperature, relative moisture 75~80% conditions, cultivated 4~5 days;
(6) fruiting: under 8~10 ℃ of temperature, relative moisture 80~85% conditions, grew 6~8 days;
(7) divide stubble to gather: when Asparagus is grown to long 12~15 centimetres, to gather.
2. the method for utilizing the ramie bone to cultivate Asparagus as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that replacing Polypropylene Bag with Polythene Bag in the pack process.
CN2008101979875A 2008-12-01 2008-12-01 Method for cultivating gold needle mushroom using ramie core Expired - Fee Related CN101411289B (en)

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CN101411289B true CN101411289B (en) 2010-10-27

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101734974B (en) * 2009-12-18 2012-06-13 武汉纺织大学 Pleurotus ostreatus culture medium containing ramie bone powder, and pleurotus ostreatus cultivation method
CN103449893B (en) * 2013-05-20 2015-01-07 华中农业大学 Compost for cultivating hericium erinaceus, and preparation method of compost
CN103449896B (en) * 2013-07-11 2015-09-02 华中农业大学 A kind of culture material of Xinbao mushroom culturing and preparation method
CN103449895B (en) * 2013-07-11 2015-09-02 华中农业大学 A kind of culture material of cultivating Uricularia polytricha and preparation method
CN104303834A (en) * 2014-09-28 2015-01-28 铜陵市香江食用菌种植有限责任公司 Cultivation method of needle mushroom
CN104303831A (en) * 2014-09-28 2015-01-28 铜陵市香江食用菌种植有限责任公司 Method using flax bits to cultivate needle mushroom
CN106278466B (en) * 2016-08-12 2017-09-19 中国农业科学院麻类研究所 A kind of agrocybe cultivation matrix and its preparation and cultural method

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