CN104311256A - Shii-take culture medium prepared by using industrial marihuana - Google Patents

Shii-take culture medium prepared by using industrial marihuana Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104311256A
CN104311256A CN201410513563.0A CN201410513563A CN104311256A CN 104311256 A CN104311256 A CN 104311256A CN 201410513563 A CN201410513563 A CN 201410513563A CN 104311256 A CN104311256 A CN 104311256A
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China
Prior art keywords
parts
mushroom
shii
cultivation
take
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Application number
CN201410513563.0A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN104311256B (en
Inventor
郭孟璧
杨明
郭鸿彦
许艳萍
陈璇
张庆滢
陈裕
郭蓉
张光亚
谭华登
宁飞
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Yunnan Dakang Mushroom Technology Development Co ltd
INSTITUTE OF INDUSTRIAL CROP YUNNAN ACADEMY OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES
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Yunnan Dakang Mushroom Technology Development Co ltd
INSTITUTE OF INDUSTRIAL CROP YUNNAN ACADEMY OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES
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    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05DINORGANIC FERTILISERS NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASSES C05B, C05C; FERTILISERS PRODUCING CARBON DIOXIDE
    • C05D3/00Calcareous fertilisers

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  • Chemical & Material Sciences (AREA)
  • Chemical Kinetics & Catalysis (AREA)
  • Inorganic Chemistry (AREA)
  • Organic Chemistry (AREA)
  • Mushroom Cultivation (AREA)

Abstract

The invention discloses a shii-take culture medium prepared by using industrial marihuana byproduct (marihuana seed hulls and marihuana stem dust) as one of the main raw materials. The growth cycle of shii-take planted by virtue of the shii-take culture medium disclosed by the invention is shorter than that of shii-take planted by virtue of a culture medium taking saw dust as a main raw material; in addition, the mycelial growth is uniform, and the yield can be increased by 10-38%. At the same time, the content of crude proteins, unsaturated fatty acids, total sugar, crude fibers and vitamin C in shii-take is greatly enhanced, so that the quality of shii-take is enhanced. The culture medium provides an effective path for effective utilization of the industrial marihuana byproduct (marihuana seed hulls and marihuana stem dust), and meanwhile further solves the problem that the timber raw material in shii-take planting is in shortage and relatively high in cost and alleviates the mushroom-forest contradiction.

Description

The mushroom cultivation substrate that a kind of industrial hemp makes
[technical field]
The present invention relates to a kind of high-quality mushroom cultivation substrate being main raw material with industrial hemp fiber crops seed shell and straw bar bits.
[background technology]
Mushroom (Lentinulaedodes), have another name called dried mushroom, mushroom, fragrant letter, fragrant bacterium, flower mushroom, fragrant wild rice, being the edible mushrooms of Bai Mo section, Lentinus, is the macro fungi sporophore of a kind of growth on timber, rich vitamin B group, iron, potassium, provitamin D (changing into vitamins D after Exposure to Sunlight), taste are sweet, property is put down, and cure mainly appetite stimulator, weak breath is weak, there is delicious flavour, fragrance oozes people, and nutritious advantage, therefore obtains liking of consumers in general.
Existing cultivating champignon mode has the cultivation of segment wood cultivated, Artificial log and ground to plant three large basic modes; along with the enhancing of the consciousness of conserving forests with people of constantly improving of substituting stuff cultivation technology; segment wood cultivated little in recent years; China's mushroom is mainly from substituting stuff cultivation, and existing substituting stuff cultivation technology generally adopts wood fragments to consider to be worth doing as major ingredient.Adopt wood fragments bits cook major ingredient, the production cycle of mushroom is extended, output reduce, add the limitation of cultivating method, cause mushroom mycelium growth uneven, just have impact on the Yield and qualities of mushroom further.
Industrial hemp fiber crops seed shell, anesthesia stem are the addition product of annual industrial hemp.After gathering in the crops numb seed, a large amount of wastes of flax is abandoned in ground as waste, and after Ma Ren processing enterprise carries out numb benevolence shelling processing simultaneously, the enormous amount of the numb seed shell " refuse " abandoned, causes and greatly waste.
[summary of the invention]
The present invention is directed to the problems referred to above, provide a kind of mushroom cultivation substrate, this mushroom cultivation substrate employing industrial hemp seed shell, industrial hemp stem stalk bits do one of main raw material, carry out cultivating champignon, shorten the growth cycle of mushroom, mushroom mycelium is grown evenly, improves the Yield and qualities of mushroom.
The invention provides a kind of mushroom cultivation substrate, raw materials by weight portion calculates, and comprises following component:
25 ~ 38 parts of industrial hemp cane bits, 35 ~ 53 parts of weed tree sawdusts, 16 ~ 20 parts of wheat bran, 0.8 ~ 1.2 portion of plaster of Paris, 0.8 ~ 1.2 portion of sucrose.
Especially, also comprise: 3 ~ 8 parts of industrial hemp fiber crops seed shells.
Especially, raw materials by weight portion calculates, and comprises following component:
30 parts of industrial hemp cane bits, 48 parts of wood chips, 20 parts of wheat bran, 1.2 portions of plaster of Paris, 0.8 portion of sucrose.
Especially, raw materials by weight portion calculates, and comprises following component:
5 parts of industrial hemps fiber crops seed shell, 36 parts of industrial hemp cane bits, 38 parts of wood chips, 19 parts of wheat bran, 1.2 portions of plaster of Paris, 0.8 portion of sucrose.
Especially, after described cultivation matrix is made into cultivation rod, in cultivation rod, the water content of cultivation matrix should be 55% ~ 70%, pH value nature.
Mushroom cultivation substrate provided by the invention coordinates following cultivating method, carries out the conventional cultivation management of mushroom:
(1) cultivation rod is made:
By mass fraction proportioning mushroom cultivation substrate; The cultivation matrix that proportioning is good puts into blender, backward stirrer in add water and carry out stirring 20 ~ 30 minutes, obtain and mix cultivation matrix, controlling this water content mixing cultivation matrix is 55% ~ 70%, PH nature; The cultivation matrix mixed is put into semi-automatic sack packer and carry out the process of pack system rod, obtain cultivation rod, the weight of described cultivation rod is 2.1 ~ 2.3kg/ rod;
(2) disinfection inoculation:
Obtained cultivation rod is put into Autoclave and carries out atmospheric steam sterilising treatment, sterilization time is greater than 36h; After sterilizing, take out cultivation rod, cool under putting into normal temperature environment, make bag temperature be cooled to less than 30 DEG C; Cooled cultivation rod is put into inoculation tank, accesses cultivating champignon kind afterwards and obtain bacterium rod;
(3) cultivation management:
By bacterium rod put into shading, the cultivation bacterium indoor of constant temperature carry out send out a bacterium cultivation, turning, exhaust-gas disposal; When after the ripe annesl of mycelia, remove the bacterium rod of bacteria infection, select pollution-free, that mycelia annesl is good bacterium rod and put into added, the de-bag of mushroom canopy, carry out management of producing mushroom, mushroom canopy temperature controls below 24 DEG C;
(4) ripe harvesting:
The de-bag of bacterium rod, after 4 ~ 6 days, carries out urging mushroom to cultivate under the condition of day and night temperature about 10 DEG C; When going out to budding mushroom, in canopy, relative air humidity will remain on 85% ~ 90%, sprays water to bacterium rod in good time, keeps humidity required in canopy, notes ventilation, when cap marginal membrane is broken 1/3 ~ 1/2, cap curls inward in bronze gong limit time carry out mushroom harvesting.
Compared to prior art, mushroom cultivation substrate provided by the invention, in conjunction with cultivating method, has the following advantages:
1, the cycle is short, output is high: the matrix adding industrial hemp sheave, the mushroom of weed tree sawdust plantation purer than tradition, and cultivation period shortens 5-9 days, and output amplification increases 25-38%; Add the formula of industrial hemp fiber crops seed shell and sheave, the mushroom of weed tree sawdust plantation purer than tradition, cultivation period shortens 5-10 days, and output amplification increases 10-15%;
2, mouthfeel is good, nutritive ingredient is high: adopt the mushroom that cultivation matrix of the present invention is planted out, the mushroom that the crude protein of mushroom, total reducing sugar, robust fibre, ascorbic content are all planted than traditional weed tree sawdust is high, unsaturated fatty acids (ω-6): (ω-3) is golden ratio, suitable absorption of human body;
3, widened the channel of cultivating champignon raw material, decreased the usage quantity of wood chip, relaxed " bacterium-Lin " contradiction, " waste " of industrial hemp has been turned waste into wealth, reduces the cost of Lentnus edodes.
[embodiment]
In order to make object of the present invention, technical scheme and advantage clearly understand, below in conjunction with specific embodiment, the present invention is described in more detail.
Embodiment 1:
Mushroom cultivation substrate, raw materials by weight portion calculates, and comprises following component: 25 parts of industrial hemp cane bits, 53 parts of wood chips, 20 portions of wheat bran, 0.8 part of plaster of Paris and 1.2 portions of sucrose.
Described embodiment 1 coordinates following cultivating method, carries out the conventional cultivation management of mushroom:
(1) cultivation rod is made:
By mass fraction proportioning mushroom cultivation substrate; The cultivation matrix that proportioning is good puts into blender, backward stirrer in add water and carry out stirring 20 ~ 30 minutes, obtain and mix cultivation matrix, controlling this water content mixing cultivation matrix is 55% ~ 70%, pH value nature; The cultivation matrix mixed is put into semi-automatic sack packer and carry out the process of pack system rod, obtain cultivation rod, the weight of described cultivation rod is 2.1 ~ 2.3kg/ rod;
(2) disinfection inoculation:
Obtained cultivation rod is put into Autoclave and carries out atmospheric steam sterilising treatment, sterilization time is greater than 36h; After sterilizing, take out cultivation rod, cool under putting into normal temperature environment, make bag temperature be cooled to less than 30 DEG C; Cooled cultivation rod is put into inoculation tank, aseptically accesses cultivating champignon kind and obtain bacterium rod;
(3) cultivation management:
By bacterium rod put into shading, the cultivation bacterium indoor of constant temperature carry out send out a bacterium cultivation, turning, exhaust-gas disposal; When after the ripe annesl of mycelia, remove the bacterium rod of bacteria infection, select pollution-free, that mycelia annesl is good bacterium rod and put into added, the de-bag of mushroom canopy, carry out management of producing mushroom, mushroom canopy temperature controls below 24 DEG C;
(4) ripe harvesting:
The de-bag of bacterium rod, after 4 ~ 6 days, carries out urging mushroom to cultivate under the condition of day and night temperature about 10 DEG C; When going out to budding mushroom, in canopy, relative air humidity will remain on 85% ~ 90%, sprays water to bacterium rod in good time, keeps humidity required in canopy, notes ventilation, when cap marginal membrane is broken 1/3 ~ 1/2, cap curls inward in bronze gong limit time carry out mushroom harvesting.The mushroom of high-quality can be obtained.
Embodiment 2:
Mushroom cultivation substrate, raw materials by weight portion calculates, and comprises following component:
30 parts of industrial hemp cane bits, 48 parts of wood chips, 20 parts of wheat bran, 1.2 portions of plaster of Paris, 0.8 portion of sucrose.
Described embodiment 2 adopts the cultivating method identical with embodiment 1, carries out the conventional cultivation management of mushroom, repeats no more herein.
Embodiment 3:
Mushroom cultivation substrate, raw materials by weight portion calculates, and comprises following component:
35 parts of industrial hemp cane bits, 35 parts of wood chips, 18 parts of wheat bran, 1 portion of plaster of Paris, 1 portion of sucrose.
Described embodiment 3 adopts the cultivating method identical with embodiment 1, carries out the conventional cultivation management of mushroom, repeats no more herein.
Embodiment 4:
Mushroom cultivation substrate, raw materials by weight portion calculates, and comprises following component:
38 parts of industrial hemp cane bits, 44 parts of wood chips, 16 portions of wheat bran, 1 part of plaster of Paris and 1 portion of sucrose.
Described embodiment 4 adopts the cultivating method identical with embodiment 1, carries out the conventional cultivation management of mushroom, repeats no more herein.
Embodiment 5:
Mushroom cultivation substrate, raw materials by weight portion calculates, and comprises following component:
3 parts of industrial hemps fiber crops seed shell, 37 parts of industrial hemp cane bits, 38 parts of wood chips, 20 parts of wheat bran, 1.2 portions of plaster of Paris, 0.8 portion of sucrose.
Described embodiment 5 adopts the cultivating method identical with embodiment 1, carries out the conventional cultivation management of mushroom, repeats no more herein.
Embodiment 6:
Mushroom cultivation substrate, raw materials by weight portion calculates, and comprises following component:
5 parts of industrial hemps fiber crops seed shell, 36 parts of industrial hemp cane bits, 38 parts of wood chips, 19 parts of wheat bran, 1.2 portions of plaster of Paris, 0.8 portion of sucrose.
Described embodiment 6 adopts the cultivating method identical with embodiment 1, carries out the conventional cultivation management of mushroom, repeats no more herein.
Embodiment 7:
Mushroom cultivation substrate, raw materials by weight portion calculates, and comprises following component:
6 parts of industrial hemps fiber crops seed shell, 34 parts of industrial hemp cane bits, 41 parts of wood chips, 17 parts of wheat bran, 1 portion of plaster of Paris, 1 portion of sucrose.
Described embodiment 7 adopts the cultivating method identical with embodiment 1, carries out the conventional cultivation management of mushroom, repeats no more herein.
Embodiment 8:
Mushroom cultivation substrate, raw materials by weight portion calculates, and comprises following component:
8 parts of industrial hemps fiber crops seed shell, 38 parts of industrial hemp cane bits, 53 parts of wood chips, 16 parts of wheat bran, 1 portion of plaster of Paris, 1 portion of sucrose.
Described embodiment 8 adopts the cultivating method identical with embodiment 1, carries out the conventional cultivation management of mushroom, repeats no more herein.
If following table 1 is when adopting mushroom cultivation substrate provided by the invention and traditional sawdust mushroom cultivation, budding number of days and the mushroom amount of increase in production correlation data in advance of mushroom.
The mushroom of table 1 different ingredients is buddingged and is shifted to an earlier date number of days and yield comparison
As shown in Table 1, adopt mushroom cultivation substrate provided by the invention, what make mushroom buddings number of days in advance, improves the output of mushroom while shortening the cultivating champignon cycle.
If following table 2 is adopt the mushroom nutrient component meter synopsis that the invention provides mushroom cultivation substrate and traditional wood chip and plant out.
The output of table 2 different ingredients and nutritive ingredient contrast
As shown in Table 2, adopt mushroom cultivation substrate provided by the invention, the mushroom that crude protein contained in the mushroom cultivated, unsaturated fatty acids, total reducing sugar, robust fibre, ascorbic content are all planted than traditional weed tree sawdust is high.
The recommendation of the relevant food oils that Food and Argriculture OrganizationFAO delivers in October, 1993 claims, as required unsaturated fatty acids, ω-6 and ω-3 play an important role in membrane structure, also be the precursor of class petrosilane (peanut acids) simultaneously, and class petrosilane is very large to smooth muscle cell, platelet aggregation, blood vessel parameter, inflammation and immune effect, therefore keep ω-6 most important with the balance of ω-3 in the diet.Should be 5:1 or 10:1 about this Food and Argriculture OrganizationFAO middle ω-6 that puts somebody on a diet with the ratio of ω-3.As shown in Table 2, in the mushroom adopting cultivation matrix provided by the invention to plant, ω-6 is golden ratio with the ratio of ω-3, is 5.1:1-5.5:1, meets food safety regulation, simultaneously more suitable absorption of human body.
It should be noted that, the above embodiment of the present invention all can only be thought explanation of the present invention, and the present invention can not be limited, claims indicate scope of the present invention, and embodiment does not point out scope of the present invention, therefore, any change in the implication suitable with claims of the present invention and scope, all should think to be included in the scope of claims.

Claims (5)

1. mushroom cultivation substrate, is characterized in that, raw materials by weight portion calculates, and comprises following component:
25 ~ 38 parts of industrial hemp cane bits, 35 ~ 53 parts of weed tree sawdusts, 16 ~ 20 parts of wheat bran, 0.8 ~ 1.2 portion of plaster of Paris, 0.8 ~ 1.2 portion of sucrose.
2. mushroom cultivation substrate according to claim 1, is characterized in that, also comprises: 3 ~ 8 parts of industrial hemp fiber crops seed shells.
3. mushroom cultivation substrate according to claim 1, is characterized in that, raw materials by weight portion calculates, and comprises following component:
30 parts of industrial hemp cane bits, 48 parts of wood chips, 20 parts of wheat bran, 1.2 portions of plaster of Paris, 0.8 portion of sucrose.
4. mushroom cultivation substrate according to claim 2, is characterized in that, raw materials by weight portion calculates, and comprises following component:
5 parts of industrial hemps fiber crops seed shell, 36 parts of industrial hemp cane bits, 38 parts of wood chips, 19 parts of wheat bran, 1.2 portions of plaster of Paris, 0.8 portion of sucrose.
5. according to the arbitrary described mushroom cultivation substrate of claim 1-4, it is characterized in that, after described cultivation matrix is made into cultivation rod, in cultivation rod, the water content of cultivation matrix is 55% ~ 70%, pH value nature.
CN201410513563.0A 2014-09-29 2014-09-29 A kind of mushroom cultivation substrate made of industrial hemp Active CN104311256B (en)

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Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105948958A (en) * 2016-07-21 2016-09-21 中国农业科学院麻类研究所 Pleurotus geesteranus culture medium and preparation method and application thereof
CN106278466A (en) * 2016-08-12 2017-01-04 中国农业科学院麻类研究所 A kind of agrocyb eaegerita cultivation matrix and preparation thereof and cultural method
CN107628885A (en) * 2017-11-06 2018-01-26 酒泉百山农业开发有限公司 method for cultivating mushroom
CN110122173A (en) * 2019-06-06 2019-08-16 云南绿新生物药业有限公司 A method of hickory chick is planted using industrial hemp processing waste and hemp plantation soil
CN113229103A (en) * 2021-03-31 2021-08-10 黑龙江省科学院高技术研究院 Seedbed soil for rice seedling raising and seedling raising method thereof
CN114793757A (en) * 2022-05-17 2022-07-29 漳州市农业科学研究所 Method for cultivating edible fungi by using mulukhiya seeds

Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1249129A (en) * 1999-07-13 2000-04-05 刘永昶 Method for cultivating champignon in protected field in northern region
CN101147449A (en) * 2007-10-31 2008-03-26 宜昌森源食用菌有限责任公司 Low altitude mushroom cultivating method in irregular season
CN102603403A (en) * 2012-03-23 2012-07-25 福建农林大学 Mushroom cultivation substrate
CN103224426A (en) * 2013-04-02 2013-07-31 邬金飞 Novel method for preparing black fungus mushroom branched wood cultivars
CN103524231A (en) * 2013-10-17 2014-01-22 安徽徽王食品有限公司 Mushroom cultivation material adopting cotton stalk crumbs as raw materials, and preparation method of mushroom cultivation material
CN103936515A (en) * 2014-04-14 2014-07-23 朱汉学 Oyster mushroom culture medium made of cottonseed hulls and pigeon manure

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1249129A (en) * 1999-07-13 2000-04-05 刘永昶 Method for cultivating champignon in protected field in northern region
CN101147449A (en) * 2007-10-31 2008-03-26 宜昌森源食用菌有限责任公司 Low altitude mushroom cultivating method in irregular season
CN102603403A (en) * 2012-03-23 2012-07-25 福建农林大学 Mushroom cultivation substrate
CN103224426A (en) * 2013-04-02 2013-07-31 邬金飞 Novel method for preparing black fungus mushroom branched wood cultivars
CN103524231A (en) * 2013-10-17 2014-01-22 安徽徽王食品有限公司 Mushroom cultivation material adopting cotton stalk crumbs as raw materials, and preparation method of mushroom cultivation material
CN103936515A (en) * 2014-04-14 2014-07-23 朱汉学 Oyster mushroom culture medium made of cottonseed hulls and pigeon manure

Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105948958A (en) * 2016-07-21 2016-09-21 中国农业科学院麻类研究所 Pleurotus geesteranus culture medium and preparation method and application thereof
CN106278466A (en) * 2016-08-12 2017-01-04 中国农业科学院麻类研究所 A kind of agrocyb eaegerita cultivation matrix and preparation thereof and cultural method
CN106278466B (en) * 2016-08-12 2017-09-19 中国农业科学院麻类研究所 A kind of agrocybe cultivation matrix and its preparation and cultural method
CN107628885A (en) * 2017-11-06 2018-01-26 酒泉百山农业开发有限公司 method for cultivating mushroom
CN110122173A (en) * 2019-06-06 2019-08-16 云南绿新生物药业有限公司 A method of hickory chick is planted using industrial hemp processing waste and hemp plantation soil
CN113229103A (en) * 2021-03-31 2021-08-10 黑龙江省科学院高技术研究院 Seedbed soil for rice seedling raising and seedling raising method thereof
CN114793757A (en) * 2022-05-17 2022-07-29 漳州市农业科学研究所 Method for cultivating edible fungi by using mulukhiya seeds
CN114793757B (en) * 2022-05-17 2023-11-14 漳州市农业科学研究所 Method for cultivating edible fungi by using long-fruit jute seeds

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