CN101249300A - Hoisting machine escape life saving system for tall building - Google Patents

Hoisting machine escape life saving system for tall building Download PDF

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Publication number
CN101249300A
CN101249300A CNA2008100109475A CN200810010947A CN101249300A CN 101249300 A CN101249300 A CN 101249300A CN A2008100109475 A CNA2008100109475 A CN A2008100109475A CN 200810010947 A CN200810010947 A CN 200810010947A CN 101249300 A CN101249300 A CN 101249300A
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China
Prior art keywords
escape
life saving
building
car
cabin
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CNA2008100109475A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
于福洋
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于福洋
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Priority to CNA2008100109475A priority Critical patent/CN101249300A/en
Publication of CN101249300A publication Critical patent/CN101249300A/en

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Abstract

A lifting machine escaping and life-saving system for high-rise buildings includes a cabin, a driving device, a guide track bracket, a cabin storage place and a safety passage in the building. The driving device is arranged in the cabin, an engine, a gasoline engine or a diesel engine is manipulated to drive a walking gear to climb along a guide track so as to drive the cabin to operate. The guide track bracket is arranged on the outer wall of the building. The cabin is stored in a basement or a ground storage box, and an upper opening of the storage place is provided with a slide cover. One end of the safety passage of the floor is connected with a public area, and the other end is butt jointed with the cabin. A fireman operates the lifting machine to get to the fire scene along the outer wall, and an escaper takes the lifting machine to get to the floor, so as to avoid being smoked by the smoke and the fire in the building. The climbing height of the lifting machine is not limited, which can be applicable to the building of any height. The escaper, strong and weak; young and old can take the lifting machine to escape the fire scene without training, and the lifting machine can bear 26 people at most at one time. The operating speed is fast, which reaches 90m/min, thereby effectively striving for the escaping and life-saving time and greatly reducing the casualties.

Description

The hoisting machine escape life saving system that is used for skyscraper

Technical field

The present invention relates to a kind of skyscraper escape life saving system, particularly relate to a kind of skyscraper hoisting machine escape life saving system.

Technical background

Skyscraper generation accident, as fire etc. in emergency circumstances, " stack effect " in the staircase that smog, poison gas and flame form, stop that the escape personnel is impassable, because of causing elevator, reasons such as outage stop transport, existing aerial ladder lift height does not far reach and the corresponding height of skyscraper, and existing escape technology and equipment still can not solve the difficult problem of skyscraper escape.Be provided with the mansion of Fire lift, under incipient fire and general fire condition, can finish the delivery task, but when fire development becomes malignant fire, Fire lift is also very easily destroyed by pyrotechnics or loses carrying capacity because of power failure, fire fighter's desire utilize stair ascend a height the fire extinguishing be obstructed equally, can not arrive the scene of a fire rapidly.In face of sudden disaster, the exceedingly difficult property of evacuating personnel, the height difficulty of fire attack in the skyscraper make how safe mitigation becomes a worldwide difficult problem (" china national geography " 2001.10 the 14th pages, gold is of heap of stone: " fragile skyscraper ").

Utility model patent (ZL02238753.6) " fire escape stair of emergency escape " reaches connecting rod therebetween with frame two parallel chains outside the building wall, slowly drops to the ground escape by body weight.Because of being subjected to the chain length restriction, be unsuitable for skyscraper and use, also be unsuitable for the old,weak,sick and disabled and use, open ended escape number is few, and the speed of service is slow, can miss valuable escape opportunity.Utility model patent (ZL200520032882.6) " the skyscraper electronics shakes the control brucker survival capsule " can be suspended in high-rise building outer wall at the brucker survival capsule that 50 meters distances are shaken control, the safety belt that the survivor wears hangs on the steel cable of brucker survival capsule falls escape, and the fire fighter also can ascend a height whereby.Shaken the control distance limit, be suitable for Gao Du Only in 50 meters (16 floors), the number of once escaping is few, and the old,weak,sick and disabled person is inconvenient to use, and the speed of service is slow, and this all influences escape lifesaving effect.Brucker survival capsule and suspention steel cable face window, tongues of fire entail dangers to means of escape and survivor's safety if window is scurried out.

Other has a kind of escape method, and utility model patent ZL200420038672.3 " fire hazard of storied house safe and quick escape device " is the interlayer inflation at tubular silk fabric bag, and the survivor creeps into internal layer and borrows deadweight to fall.Being suitable for of it is highly limited, can not temporary changes, shift the place to use, and the benefited number of an escape apparatus is few, and the old,weak,sick and disabled person uses inconvenience, and escape speed is slow.Can not change, shift the place to use, just must prepare evacuation capsule more, investment is big.Have many simultaneously at vertical direction differing heights window

Bar escape airbag can collide mutually even twine, and has delayed escape, also security incident may take place.

Utility model patent ZL200420026186X " skyscraper catch fire escape device " is the escape device that the hand winch of a kind of usefulness reclaims descending lifeline and safety belt, it is fixed on the windowsill, survivor's safety belt on one's body hangs on the descending lifeline, and the operation descending lifeline slides into ground under the survivor.This device also exist be suitable for highly low, speed slowly, once can only carry a people, escape personnel must be through training, the old,weak,sick and disabled person is unsuitable and utilize this device to escape simultaneously at vertical direction differing heights window, shortcomings such as winding also can run foul of each other.

Can see that by above-mentioned several examples the problem and the shortcoming of escape method existence are caused by underlying cause up till now: the one, escape apparatus and the unpowered driving of facility, can only be small-scale, in the building, withdraw separately, have be suitable for highly low, speed is slow, manned few, the old,weak,sick and disabled should not wait shortcoming; The 2nd, with (also the comprising double tubular silk fabric bag) of life line suspention survivor escape, except that the above-mentioned shortcoming of tool,, twine very easily mutually, collide owing to fall at differing heights.

" skyscraper electronics shake control brucker survival capsule " though go a step further but because drive unit is fixed, and be subjected to the limitation of fixed form solving to step aspect the unpowered driving problems of brucker survival capsule, power is little, manned few; Since can not be with regard near operation, electronic telecontrol has limited suitable height; Owing to use lifting rope, have speed to swing rotation and collision and the old,weak,sick and disabled slowly, aloft and should not wait problem.

Summary of the invention

The technical problem to be solved in the present invention is to overcome existing survival equipment to be suitable for highly low, speed is slow, manned few, the old,weak,sick and disabled is unsuitable, aloft collided mutually and twine by the deliverer because of the swing rotation, the Life Saving Apparatus and the escape personnel of suspention face the shortcoming that window is easily burnt by the tongues of fire, providing a kind of is applicable to when high level and high-rise building have the condition of a disaster, escape the rapidly method of lifesaving of a large amount of personnel, it is hoisting machine escape life saving system, do not needed prior training by the deliverer, the old,weak,sick and disabled all can take, lift is in operation does not have swing, rotation, collide and twine, because do not avoid tongues of fire burn survivor facing to window.

The technical scheme that addresses the above problem that the present invention proposes is: the hoisting machine escape life saving system that the present invention is used for skyscraper comprises escape way three parts in lift, elevator car storeroom, the floor.

Lift is made up of car, drive unit and guide rail bracket.

Drive unit is installed in the car.The engine of drive unit can be single motor, gasoline engine or diesel engine, also can be motor and gasoline engine hybrid power, or motor and diesel engine hybrid power.Electric lift has independent power supply, not with the building common source.Hybrid power can move gasoline engine or diesel engine by Kei when electric network fault.The lifting height of electric lift can reach 450 meters, and gasoline engine or diesel engine drag lift, and climb altitude is not limit, and can adapt to the building of any height.

Set up defences in the drive unit and weigh down the speed limit safety.Car is braked when surpassing qualification speed.Also have safety devices such as rim brake, eccentric lock in addition.

The walking gear of drive unit climbs along tooth bar guide rail or tooth post guide rail, drives cage operation.

The car branch has driver's cabin (6) and has not had two kinds of driver's cabins.Driver's cabin is arranged, and intervisibility is good, is convenient to Jia Shi person and looks at each floor and wait to keep away the personnel's situation of taking advantage of of waiting.No driver's cabin can reduce car size, fully effectively utilizes the space of building, arranges in the useful space and the bigger car of installation volume, once takes advantage of and carries a more people.

The elevator car import is the duplicate rows door, exports to be the single file door.Single, double door all has electric interlocking installation.Car arrival floor escape way joint, car opens the door, and the floor safety door is just opened, and has only floor escape way safety door to close, and car could start.Car can hold 11 people to 26 people.Therefore car moves along guide rail, does not have swing, rotation, lifesaving appliance runs foul of each other and wrapping phenomena.Elevator is the same convenient in passing in and out car and taking advantage of the building, and the survivor must be in advance through training, and lift is suitable for comprising that all survivors of the old,weak,sick and disabled are riding.Cage operation is fastest to reach 90 meters/minute.

The guide rail bracket that guide rail is housed with the attached wall frame with give embedded part within the walls and link to each other.To the building that has completed for use, use the method mounting guide rail frame that is connected with through-wall bolt.

Guide rail bracket is zinc-plated with antirust, cover rustless metal sheet material with antitheft with around the guide rail bracket.Zinc-plated and the favourable sight of covered metal plate.

The electronic raise climber of TD one 1.6 * 1.6 types that lift adopts domestic mine to use, Jinxi mining machinery plant of hedge mineral bureau of poplar man produces, or the electric lift SCD200/200 type of the personnel that the transport material of building industry construction use, last Hypon reaches engineering machinery Co., Ltd and produces, and SCZ110 * 110 types, Jinggang Machinery Equipment Co., Ltd., Beijing produces, and all is known commodity, the use experience of existing many decades, technology maturation.

Lift be installed in skyscraper behind exterior wall or at the skyscraper recess of exterior wall behind, do not hinder sight.The building window has been avoided in the gateway of lift, has avoided the window tongues of fire of scurrying out to jeopardize survivor's safety.

The elevator car storeroom can be on underground or ground.Daily car stands ready in the storeroom.Underground storage chamber suitable for reading has water proof ring, but and the loam cake of horizontal slip arranged.Loam cake is the lift park and the workbench in when maintenance, also is that the fire-extinguishing and lifesaving personnel climb up the platform that car and escape personnel withdraw car.The ground storage box is the second way that car is deposited.It has remote-controlled sliding roof, also has safety door.Safety door is come in and gone out for operating personnel and fire fighter, also is the extra exit that the survivor arrives ground.

Escape way is equipped with fireproof door in the building.Escape way and elevator car joint are equipped with normally closed safety door, and car arrives This floor, and car door is opened, and the floor safety door just can be opened.Floor escape way safety door is closed, and car could start.

Description of drawings

This specification has nine width of cloth accompanying drawings:

Fig. 1 is the schematic perspective view of escape life saving system of the present invention;

Fig. 2 is the schematic perspective view of another embodiment of escape life saving system of the present invention;

Fig. 3 is the partial sectional view of single car lift of the present invention and floor level configuration relation;

Fig. 4 is the partial sectional view of single car lift of the present invention and floor level configuration relation;

Fig. 5 is the cutaway view of single car lifting of the present invention and floor level configuration relation;

Fig. 6 is the partial sectional view of single car lift of the present invention and floor level configuration relation;

Fig. 7 is the partial sectional view of single car lift of the present invention and floor level configuration relation;

Fig. 8 is the partial sectional view of single car lift of the present invention and floor level configuration relation;

Fig. 9 is the partial sectional view of two car lifts of the present invention and floor level configuration relation.

Identical Reference numeral is represented same object in the accompanying drawing.

The specific embodiment

The building design phase, synchronously the skyscraper hoisting machine escape life saving system is designed.Design content comprises: lift type selecting, platform number, with floor arrangement relation, the form of escape way, elevator car storeroom, the layout of giving embedded part within the walls that the elevator guide rails frame uses etc. is installed.

Elevator drive of the present invention, its allocation optimum mode should constitute hybrid with gasoline engine or diesel engine based on electronic.The prevention area power grid that acts on that electric lift is equipped with gasoline engine or diesel engine again has a power failure, and full electric network has a power failure, and second source is also of no avail, moving gasoline engine of Kei this moment or diesel engine, and it is perfectly safe to accomplish.Gasoline engine or diesel engine also can ensure the application of lift when high-rise building reaches more than 450 meters height, and like this, existing any height building all can be used hoisting machine escape life saving.

The lift type selecting will be selected single car (seeing Fig. 3, Fig. 4, Fig. 5, Fig. 6, Fig. 7, Fig. 8) or two car (see figure 9) according to escape number in its service range, and the size of car, and the public building that personnel concentrate must be selected large-scale pair of car lift for use.High-rise building must be selected higher speed elevator for use.Lifting board number will be according to the building function, number and building plane figure, and the exit distance of Code for fire protection design of buildings is determined.As plane figure is ribbon vestibule formula building, must arrange to be no less than two or many lifts.The lift in the every unit of residential building.

The position that lift is installed, just itself and building, with the configuration of floor, never hinder the sight angle be installed in building behind exterior wall or at the building recess of exterior wall be advisable (seeing Fig. 4, Fig. 5, Fig. 8, Fig. 9) behind, and the special recommendation residential building is the best in the mode that Fig. 4 designs, make escape way with toilet (11), balcony between two resident families (7) docks with car, and also as escape personnel's place to be kept away, human pilot is very easy to find the survivor to balcony in the car.Lift is installed in the recess at the building back side, and the car storeroom places the face of land, does not hinder People's Bank of China, does not hinder sight, designs brief, hidden.Under the specific situation, as shown in Figure 6, lift is installed in the end of ribbon building, and not in the behind of building, because the layout of floor vestibule formula and balcony have constituted good escape way.

Escape way (1) has following six kinds of forms:

1, escape way (1) one end communicates with public domain (8) in the floor, and the other end links to each other with waiting for the place of keeping away (9) that waits that climbs up cab, as shown in Figure 9.

2, public domain (8) communicates in escape way (1) one end and the floor, the other end directly and cab (2) join, as Fig. 3, shown in Figure 5.

3, floor inside corridor (1) is exactly an escape way, is connected with balcony (7), and balcony docks with car (2), as shown in Figure 6.

Floor internal sanitary accomodation (11) becomes escape way, is connected with balcony (7), and balcony (7) connects with car (2), as shown in Figure 4.

5, do not have special-purpose escape way in the floor, there is emergency at two families, a unit, step into car (2) through balcony (7) separately, as shown in Figure 7.

6, both do not had special-purpose escape way, and also do not had balcony, emergency takes place in two families, a unit, opens the indoor security emergency exits, directly steps into car (2), as shown in Figure 8.Figure middle guide frame (3) is helped by continuous beam (10).

The car storeroom is located at basement, does not hinder People's Bank of China, and do not hinder daylighting in the building, do not hinder sight, but cost height (Fig. 1).Car ground storage box cost is low, and turnover is simple, rapid, convenient, but influences surface structures daylighting, People's Bank of China and sight (Fig. 2).

The present invention is applicable to skyscraper, also is applicable to low-rise building naturally, and especially personnel are than the place of concentrating, as hospital, hotel etc.Dead 39 people of Liaoyuan central hospital wildfire in 2005, the tumble injury people more than 180 that jumps out of the building, the height in building only has four floor.11 people are burnt in the hotel big fire of being exposed to the sun in May, 2007 to death, tumble injury 13 people that jump out of the building, only just individual three floors in hotel.If how many people installing escape life saving system can make be rescued, there are how many people can avoid the hardship of permanent disbility again.

The present invention is applicable to skyscraper escape lifesaving, therefore Fire lift in the skyscraper can suitably reduce, because when incipient fire and general fire, Fire lift can be finished the delivery task, but when developing into malignant fire, Fire lift is also very easily destroyed by pyrotechnics or loses carrying capacity because of power failure, and the lift that moves on the exterior wall is as the escape lifesaving appliance, its performance is much then superior, and investment is also much lower.

Claims (8)

1. hoisting machine escape life saving system that is used for skyscraper, described hoisting machine escape life saving system comprises: elevator car (2); Be installed in the drive unit (5) in the elevator car; Elevator car storeroom (14) (15); Escape way (1) in the floor.
2. escape life saving system as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that: the described drive unit (5) that is installed in the elevator car, engine wherein is single motor, gasoline engine or diesel engine.
3. escape life saving system as claimed in claim 1.It is characterized in that: the described drive unit (5) that is installed in the elevator car, engine wherein is that motor and gasoline engine are hybrid-type, or motor and diesel engine are hybrid-type.
4. as claims 1 described escape life saving system, it is characterized in that: the described elevator guide rails frame (3) that is installed in skin, its installation site skyscraper behind exterior wall or at the skyscraper recess of exterior wall behind, or at the exterior wall of high-rise end.
5. as claim 1 or 4 described escape life saving systems, it is characterized in that: the described elevator guide rails frame (3) that is installed in the exterior wall of building is zinc-plated, and is coated with stainless sheet metal at the periphery of frame.
6. as claim 1,4 or 5 described escape life saving systems, it is characterized in that: on the described elevator guide rails frame (3) guide rail is installed, creeps thereon, drive car (2) lifting for the gear of drive unit (5).
7. escape life saving system as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that: described car storeroom is on underground or ground, and underground storage chamber (14) is suitable for reading water proof ring (13), but also has the loam cake (12) of horizontal slip.Ground storage box (15) has remote-controlled sliding roof (16), and safety door (17) is arranged.
8. escape life saving system as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that: escape way in the described building can be a designated lane (1), also can be exactly a common corridor, balcony, a toilet (11) or a room.Escape way is equipped with fireproof door.The survivor enters car (2) by room or public area (8) through escape way (1) and arrives ground.
CNA2008100109475A 2008-04-08 2008-04-08 Hoisting machine escape life saving system for tall building CN101249300A (en)

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Cited By (17)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101746655A (en) * 2010-03-16 2010-06-23 唐海山 Microcomputer controlled and storage battery driven high-rise building fire high-speed escape elevator
CN102000403A (en) * 2010-12-13 2011-04-06 鞍山拜尔自控有限公司 Step-by-step grabbing climbing fire-fighting escape capsule
CN102343130A (en) * 2010-07-30 2012-02-08 林滨 High-rise building fire fighting robot
CN102350025A (en) * 2011-10-24 2012-02-15 鞍山拜尔自控有限公司 Guide rail type electric fire-fighting escape capsule
CN103663060A (en) * 2013-12-10 2014-03-26 南阳理工学院 High-rise building fire prevention and life-saving system
CN103691072A (en) * 2013-06-18 2014-04-02 杨伟国 Rescue system for high-rise building
CN103706050A (en) * 2014-01-20 2014-04-09 汪风珍 Warning-function multipurpose construction device for high-rise building escape, fire protection and building
CN104587614A (en) * 2014-12-01 2015-05-06 沈阳建筑大学 Rail type fire rescue equipment used for high-rise building
CN104874115A (en) * 2014-02-28 2015-09-02 陈仁多 Later-built integrated escaping system of original high-rise building
CN106395560A (en) * 2016-09-30 2017-02-15 沈阳建筑大学 Embedded guide rail type double-arm fire rescue system for super high-rise building
CN107032267A (en) * 2017-06-05 2017-08-11 江苏经贸职业技术学院 A kind of building escape device
CN108031017A (en) * 2018-02-05 2018-05-15 楼林华 A kind of building high-rise building escape mechanism with duplicate protection
CN108339204A (en) * 2018-02-05 2018-07-31 楼林华 A kind of building high-rise building escape mechanism based on steel cable
CN108785880A (en) * 2018-06-22 2018-11-13 贵州大学 A kind of high building fire fighting rescue system
CN109045493A (en) * 2018-06-22 2018-12-21 贵州大学 One kind being directed to fire of high-rise building fire-fighting fire extinguishing rescue system
CN109045494A (en) * 2018-06-22 2018-12-21 贵州大学 A kind of rescue system for fire of high-rise building
CN109260613A (en) * 2018-09-29 2019-01-25 天津润木科技有限公司 A kind of high level linear descending escape device

Cited By (22)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101746655A (en) * 2010-03-16 2010-06-23 唐海山 Microcomputer controlled and storage battery driven high-rise building fire high-speed escape elevator
CN102343130A (en) * 2010-07-30 2012-02-08 林滨 High-rise building fire fighting robot
CN102000403A (en) * 2010-12-13 2011-04-06 鞍山拜尔自控有限公司 Step-by-step grabbing climbing fire-fighting escape capsule
CN102350025A (en) * 2011-10-24 2012-02-15 鞍山拜尔自控有限公司 Guide rail type electric fire-fighting escape capsule
CN103691072A (en) * 2013-06-18 2014-04-02 杨伟国 Rescue system for high-rise building
CN103691072B (en) * 2013-06-18 2017-04-19 杨伟国 rescue system for high-rise building
CN103663060A (en) * 2013-12-10 2014-03-26 南阳理工学院 High-rise building fire prevention and life-saving system
CN103706050A (en) * 2014-01-20 2014-04-09 汪风珍 Warning-function multipurpose construction device for high-rise building escape, fire protection and building
CN103706050B (en) * 2014-01-20 2016-09-28 汪风珍 Skyscraper escape, fire-fighting and construction multi-purpose device with alarm function
CN104874115A (en) * 2014-02-28 2015-09-02 陈仁多 Later-built integrated escaping system of original high-rise building
CN104587614A (en) * 2014-12-01 2015-05-06 沈阳建筑大学 Rail type fire rescue equipment used for high-rise building
CN106395560A (en) * 2016-09-30 2017-02-15 沈阳建筑大学 Embedded guide rail type double-arm fire rescue system for super high-rise building
CN107032267A (en) * 2017-06-05 2017-08-11 江苏经贸职业技术学院 A kind of building escape device
CN110652662A (en) * 2018-02-05 2020-01-07 楼林华 Dual-protection building high-rise escape mechanism
CN108031017A (en) * 2018-02-05 2018-05-15 楼林华 A kind of building high-rise building escape mechanism with duplicate protection
CN108339204B (en) * 2018-02-05 2020-05-12 楼林华 Building high-rise escape mechanism based on steel rope
CN108339204A (en) * 2018-02-05 2018-07-31 楼林华 A kind of building high-rise building escape mechanism based on steel cable
CN110652662B (en) * 2018-02-05 2020-10-09 楼林华 Dual-protection building high-rise escape mechanism
CN109045494A (en) * 2018-06-22 2018-12-21 贵州大学 A kind of rescue system for fire of high-rise building
CN109045493A (en) * 2018-06-22 2018-12-21 贵州大学 One kind being directed to fire of high-rise building fire-fighting fire extinguishing rescue system
CN108785880A (en) * 2018-06-22 2018-11-13 贵州大学 A kind of high building fire fighting rescue system
CN109260613A (en) * 2018-09-29 2019-01-25 天津润木科技有限公司 A kind of high level linear descending escape device

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