CN102886107A - Firefighting and lifesaving device for high-rise building - Google Patents

Firefighting and lifesaving device for high-rise building Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102886107A
CN102886107A CN2011102031284A CN201110203128A CN102886107A CN 102886107 A CN102886107 A CN 102886107A CN 2011102031284 A CN2011102031284 A CN 2011102031284A CN 201110203128 A CN201110203128 A CN 201110203128A CN 102886107 A CN102886107 A CN 102886107A
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China
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fire
lifesaving
extinguishing
rise
arm
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CN2011102031284A
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Chinese (zh)
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黄力华
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黄力华
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Priority to CN2011102031284A priority Critical patent/CN102886107A/en
Publication of CN102886107A publication Critical patent/CN102886107A/en

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Abstract

The invention discloses a firefighting and lifesaving device for a high-rise building, and discloses a building firefighting set, which belongs to a building firefighting set device. The firefighting and lifesaving device for the high-rise building comprises a control system and a firefighting and lifesaving device, wherein the firefighting and lifesaving device is arranged at any position on the top of the high-rise building; at least a wireless signal receiver-transmitter and a remote control end arranged on the firefighting and lifesaving device are arranged in the control system; an elevating device (3) is arranged on a firefighting and lifesaving frame, and is connected with a rotary firefighting and lifesaving arm (2) through an arm support (1); the firefighting and lifesaving arm (2) is provided with a sliding overhead travelling crane (8); and the arm support mechanism can also be placed on a walking mechanism (7), and movement on the top of a special-shaped high-rise building through a track (10) is realized. The firefighting and lifesaving device for the high-rise building provided by the invention has the advantages of remarkable firefighting and lifesaving effects, simple structure, low production difficulty and wide application range.

Description

A kind of fire-fighting life saving device for high-rise building

Affiliated technical field

The present invention relates to a kind of fire-fighting life saving device for high-rise building, particularly relate to a kind of device on the skyscraper top layer and that can be used for fire-fighting and lifesaving two purposes that is installed in.

Background technology

Along with expanding economy, the skyscraper that the city has constantly increases.Though skyscraper has brought facility for people's life, has also caused great potential safety hazard simultaneously.Wherein the most noticeable is exactly the fire problem of high-rise.Because the particularity of skyscraper, in case breaking out of fire just will inevitably cause heavy losses, and the casualties event is also unavoidable.

The skyscraper height generally all surpasses 100m, and the height of super-high buildings even can reach 300m.This has brought great challenge for traditional fire-fighting system.Although high-rise, super high rise building all is equipped with automatic sprinkler fire-extinguishing system and inner fire hose.But the sphere of action of automatic sprinkler fire-extinguishing system is relatively limited; Inner fire hose then must enter the scene of a fire by personnel and handle.More fatal is, Circuits System is impaired if fire causes skyscraper, and then automatic sprinkler fire-extinguishing system and inner fire hose all can lose efficacy.At present then generally in 100m, for the fire of high-rise building that surpasses the motor ladder height, people there is no effective means and are puted out a fire to save life and property the employed motor ladder height of fire-fighting.Secondly, skyscraper is widely used elevator.In case breaking out of fire, elevator can form stack effect.The fresh oxygen air that contains can enter skyscraper inside via elevator, and this is the basic reason that high-rise fire spread speed is exceedingly fast.Owing to stack effect, the formed toxic gas of fire is easy to spread in skyscraper and the personnel that cause injure simultaneously.Have, personnel concentrate in the skyscraper again, and according to existing fire protection rule requirement, in case breaking out of fire, personnel can only evacuate by fire-fighting stairway.If fire occurs in low floor, the toxic smog that burning is distributed can the obstruction personnel be fled from.In addition, in case the high-rise breaking out of fire, the supply of electric power in its building will be cut off, or loses supply of electric power because of the circuit damage.This give fire-extinguishing and lifesaving of high-rise caused more difficulty.At present, when the high-rise breaking out of fire, the personnel of finishing withdraw and stamp out a fire how safety quickly, have become the problem of the common concern of a whole world institute.

The starting point of the lifesaving scheme of fire is prevention.High-rise has perfect fire safety rules from being designed into the construction aspect.And when breaking out of fire, also there is perfect warning system to point out personnel in the building.But aspect fire-extinguishing and lifesaving, then exist serious deficiency.

The unique escape mode of people is by the fire-fighting stairway walking downstairs at present.But the speed of withdrawing of fire-fighting stairway is slower, in case and the low layer breaking out of fire, the personnel escape on upper strata will be obstructed because of smog.In order to solve this difficult problem, people are developing the elevator device that can use in the middle of fire.This elevator device can effectively solve personnel escape's problem when fire just occurs.In case but fire spread and when in corridor, forming smog, people just can't utilize this system's escape.In addition, the fire disaster escaping elevator involves great expense, and maintenance cost is also higher.

And the another kind of escape device that has come into operation is for certainly falling escape system.This system architecture is easy, low cost.It utilizes the weight of human body as power source.But this system can only be for single, and evacuation speed is very slow.If accomplish effective escape, just must be equipped with in a large number.But use simultaneously when falling escape system many people, whether escaping rope can occur to twine also is a uncertain factor.

Abroad once someone considers to use helicopter in the fire of high-rise building lifesaving.But because the scene of fire often has dense smoke, dense smoke can directly injure the safety of helicopter, and therefore this mode effect is unsatisfactory.

Above-mentioned several escape scheme also has two shortcomings, and the one, they do not take into full account the stress reaction of general population under the high-rise fire condition.Do not pass through the ordinary people of fire drill for the overwhelming majority, run into the first reaction behind the fire of high-rise building and be in the house that returns to oneself, close door.For the people through fire drill, when being full of smog in corridor, its escape instinct also can be ordered about them and be return the room.This is the insurmountable difficult problem of lifesaving elevator.Secondly, for from falling for the escape system, unbred people is difficult to oneself fasten escaping rope, the tens of rice apart from ground that then jump out, even up to a hundred meters window or balcony are escaped.

The second, existing escaping device for high-rise building has only considered that personnel withdraw problem, and fails to consider the Fire-fighting Problems of high-rise.When the super high rise building breaking out of fire, said system at the most can only be with evacuating personnel, and the building upper strata part fire consumed of can only leaving.

Even also have certain deficiency as the fire control aerial ladder vehicle of fire protection criteria equipment.At first, the lift height of fire control aerial ladder vehicle is limited, and for the fire of high-rise building that exceeds lift height, fire control aerial ladder vehicle is helpless.Secondly, fire control aerial ladder vehicle can only fire-fighting lance of lifting, and fire-fighting efficiency is lower; And when being used for the personnel escape, adopt the fire control aerial ladder vehicle of hydraulic principle, and its rising or falling speed is slower, and it is also not high enough that personnel withdraw efficient.The 3rd, skyscraper generally concentrates on the busy section of town, and the huge fire control aerial ladder vehicle of car body often can not arrive at the scene of fire in the very first time, so that incur loss through delay the prime time of the disaster relief.

Summary of the invention

For above-mentioned situation, the present invention provides a kind of fire-fighting life saving device for high-rise building.When high-rise building with fire disaster, as long as start this device, just can finish from the high-rise outside personnel's the work of withdrawing, also can the fire-fighting equipments such as fire fighter and fire hose directly transported ignition point from the high-rise outside, to stamp out a fire.

The present invention solves the problems of the technologies described above the technical scheme that adopts, apparatus of the present invention have lift and fire-extinguishing and lifesaving rope, it is characterized in that lift by can be installed in the locational arm supporting mechanism of skyscraper top layer (1) and be movably connected on the arm supporting mechanism (1) and can consist of around fire-extinguishing and lifesaving arm (2) and the rope lift (3) of arm supporting mechanism (1) rotation, wherein fire-extinguishing and lifesaving arm (2) adopts stretching structure, and the overhead traveling crane (8) that can walk can be installed on the fire-extinguishing and lifesaving arm as required; Fire-extinguishing and lifesaving rope (4) one ends are connected on the rope lift, the other end descends to fall in outside the exterior wall of skyscraper by the pulley on the fire-extinguishing and lifesaving arm (5), is connected with fire-extinguishing and lifesaving utensil (6) on the front end of fire-extinguishing and lifesaving rope (4).The front end of above-mentioned fire-extinguishing and lifesaving rope (4) designs for suspension hook, adds on the suspension hook to hang with device for rescue from building from fire tool (6).The fire-extinguishing and lifesaving utensil comprises for personnel's lifesaving withdraws the fire-fighting hitcher, rope etc. that needed lifesaving is hung indigo plant, put out a fire needed fire hose and be used for fixedly hanging blue position.The fire fighter utilizes lifesaving to hang indigo plant and fire hose, can finish fire-fighting and personnel's rescuing work.

The arm supporting mechanism (1) of above-mentioned lift is fixedly mounted on the skyscraper top layer member.For the high level of the regular shapes such as circle, rectangle, super high rise building, the arm supporting mechanism (1) of above-mentioned lift can select the center position of building top layer to be fixed by bolts on the concrete component of building.

The bottom of upper arm supporting mechanism (1) at above-mentioned lift is provided with walking mechanism (7), and the high-rise top layer has additionally arranged track (10), and walking mechanism (7) is installed on this track (10).This layout type can be used for special-shaped skyscraper, and the fire-extinguishing and lifesaving arm can run to assigned address according to the instruction of FCC, with the dead angle of thorough solution arm supporting mechanism (1).

The present invention also can arrange video, image recording mechanism (9) on its fire-extinguishing and lifesaving arm, picture signal is passed to control centre by wireless mode.Wherein, the position of arm supporting mechanism (1) and fire-extinguishing and lifesaving arm (2) and the folding and unfolding action of action and rope lift (3), the relevant actions such as operation of walking mechanism (7) are controlled by radio signal by control centre.When fire occured, high-rise administrative department can start fire-fighting live-saving equipment, and video, image recording mechanism can deliver to local FCC by RTTY with real-time video, picture signal.The FCC commanding can carry out fire-extinguishing and lifesaving work by the Remote fire-fighting live-saving equipment.

The whole device of the present invention adopts independently high flame-retardant cable electric power system.Electric power system is comprised of the cable that array additionally arranges inside and outside high-rise.Cable system is by high flame retardant insulating materials individual packages, and this electric power system is independent of the high-rise electric power system, can not have a power failure because of high-rise, outage and influenced.Its power connection is positioned at before the total lock in high-rise circuit control road.It can guarantee skyscraper because of after breaking out of fire cuts off the power supply, and its escape system still can work.The external power supply system both can plug into common civil power, also can plug into mutually with the fire-fighting emergent generator car.The group number of external power supply is more, and security of system nargin is also just higher.

The present invention has following good effect:

(1) provides a kind of efficient fire-fighting and lifesaving appliance for skyscraper.Fire-fighting life saving device for high-rise building involved in the present invention can start in the very first time of high-rise breaking out of fire.Escape boom (2) can go to assigned address at the backspin of commanding behind the scenes of command centre; For special-shaped high-rise, walking mechanism then can run to correct position according to telecommand, and fire-extinguishing and lifesaving rope (4) is down to ground.The ground staff hangs fire-extinguishing and lifesaving after indigo plant (6) hangs up suspension hook (), can implement personnel rescuing work from high-rise is outside.Because fire-extinguishing and lifesaving hangs indigo plant and can disposable lift-launch count the people, and they can be delivered to ground, high-rise do not catch fire room, building or the ad hoc refuge story of high-rise.Thereby its lifesaving efficient is high.

(2) thoroughly eliminate high building fire-proof blind area high-rise, super high rise building.Fire-fighting life saving device for high-rise building involved in the present invention is installed on the position, roof of high-rise, thereby it has the not available many advantages of other fire-extinguishing and lifesaving facility.Because fire-fighting life saving device for high-rise building is from top to bottom worked, so it does not have limitation in height.Even the height that fire control aerial ladder vehicle can't arrive, it can finish the fire-extinguishing and lifesaving task easily.Secondly, for square type, round high-rise, the arm supporting mechanism (1) and the fire-extinguishing and lifesaving arm (2) that are installed in its top layer center position can rotate on the specified position of FCC, do not have any blind area.And for special-shaped high-rise, walking mechanism (7) can guarantee that also arm supporting mechanism (1) and fire-extinguishing and lifesaving arm arrive any assigned address.There is not any blind area in fire-fighting live-saving equipment among the present invention.

(3) fast reaction and start-up performance can effectively be avoided fire spreading, expansion.Fire-fighting live-saving equipment among the present invention can link with the skyscraper fire alarm system.In case the high-rise fire alarm system gives the alarm, fire-fighting live-saving equipment can start voluntarily, and sends real time video signals to fire-fighting command department.The fire-fighting command department escape boom (2) of can commanding behind the scenes extends, and fire-extinguishing and lifesaving rope (4) is down to ground.Under the commanding behind the scenes of fire-fighting command department, the high-rise administrative staff namely can deliver to fire floor with fire hose or hand fire extinguisher and put out a fire to save life and property by fire-extinguishing and lifesaving hanging basket (6).

Because it is very important that during Initial Stage of Fire is puted out a fire to save life and property, behind the fire-fighting life saving device for high-rise building among employing the present invention, the fire fire that can in time put out the fire and just occur.And under traditional approach, when fire fighter and fire control aerial ladder vehicle arrived by the time, fire had often spread and has come.

(4) by external rescue, conscientiously reduce casualties.Fire-fighting life saving device for high-rise building among the present invention adopts and withdraw trapped personnel and fire-fighting work from the high-rise outside, thereby it has the incomparable superiority of traditional fire-fighting mode.Because the elevator itself in the high-rise has stack effect, in case breaking out of fire will inevitably be filled the air by dense smoke in the high-rise.Dense smoke not only can hinder the trapped personnel escape, and toxic smog also directly causes casualties.After using the fire-fighting life saving device for high-rise building among the present invention, in case breaking out of fire, indicator of trapped personnel only need be closed door, then retreats to window or the balcony place can be rescued.This has reduced the death rate of toxic smog in the high-rise fire to greatest extent.Secondly, after having used the fire-fighting life saving device for high-rise building among the present invention, the fire fighter need not walk high-rise inside again to arrive fiery point yet, and this has also greatly reduced fire fighter's dead and wounded rate undoubtedly.

(5) can simultaneously many fire hoses be delivered to ignition point, stamp out a fire rapidly, reduce property loss.Fire-fighting life saving device for high-rise building of the present invention except can finishing the withdrawing of high-rise fire indicator of trapped personnel, can also be used for the work of putting out a fire to save life and property of high-rise fire.When breaking out of fire, fire-extinguishing and lifesaving hanging basket (6) can be delivered to fire floor with a fire hose and hydraulic giant from building envelopes first, is outside the building put out a fire by the fire fighter.In case the intensity of a fire is controlled, the fire fighter can hand holds hydraulic giant and enters high-rise.At this moment, fire-extinguishing and lifesaving hanging basket (6) can be down to ground, and second fire hose and hydraulic giant are delivered to fire floor.

For the super high rise building fire that fire control aerial ladder vehicle can't be puted out a fire to save life and property at all, the lifesaving appliance that disappears of the high-rise among the present invention can be delivered to fire pump first low floor, then by the relay mode fire hose of plugging into, to finish the fire attack task.

(6) native system is very safe, stable.Because all parts all are positioned at the high-rise top layer, thereby only in the situation that the high-rise top layer is burnt by big fire, system just can quit work.

System's rope ((4)) adopts cable wire, and itself is just resistant to elevated temperatures, even thereby rope pass through flame range, can not affect its security and normal the use in the short time yet.

Native system is extremely reliable.Because adopt and the multichannel external power supply, and all external power supplys all adopt independent anti-firer, thereby its margin of safety is very big.

(7) native system is cheap., with regard to the skyscraper that the glass curtain wall cleaning systems are installed, only need the structure of original hanging basket system is strengthened, and install external power supply system and control system additional for original, just can solve personnel escape's problem.

And for the skyscraper that does not have hanging basket system and the civilian lodging of common high level, its mounting cost is also lower.Escape system can be used for reference ripe tower crane manufacturing process and make.As long as being transported to the high-rise top after manufacturing is finished namely can assemble.

The maintenance of this system is also extremely simple, only needs regularly escaping mechanism to be lubricated to finish maintenance.

(8) except fire fire-extinguishing and lifesaving purposes, this system also can be used for rescue, the relief of the various state of emergency.In the situation that obtain preclear of fire-fighting control department, it can also be used for other purposes such as high-rise building outer wall cleaning, maintenance.

Apparatus of the present invention simplicity of design, cheap, maintenance cost is extremely low, effect stability.Because this system can avoid the casualty accident of fire of high-rise building to occur effectively, also can reduce the loss of fire of high-rise building, thereby the present invention has wide utilization prospect.

Description of drawings:

Fig. 1: wireless remote-control system block diagram

Fig. 2: fire-extinguishing and lifesaving system architecture schematic diagram

1, arm supporting mechanism 2, fire-extinguishing and lifesaving arm 3, lift 4, fire fighting lifesaving rope 5, pulley 6, fire-extinguishing and lifesaving utensil 7, walking mechanism 8, overhead traveling crane 9, camera

Fig. 3: fire-extinguishing and lifesaving system architecture schematic diagram

1, arm supporting mechanism 2, fire-extinguishing and lifesaving arm 3, lift 4, fire fighting lifesaving rope 6, fire-extinguishing and lifesaving utensil 7, walking mechanism 8, overhead traveling crane 9, newspaper are as head

Fig. 4: special shaped building fire-extinguishing and lifesaving system track layout drawing

2, fire-extinguishing and lifesaving arm 7, walking mechanism 10, track

The specific embodiment

Embodiment 1: fixed structural fire protection life.

The high building fire fighting life saving system of the present embodiment is seen Fig. 2, and it can be directly installed on the high-rise roof correct position

SYSTEM SUMMARY

New system has taken into full account the difference needs of personnel escape and high-rise fire extinguishing, and both are combined.This system is comprised of external power supply system, control device, several major parts of lifesaving fire plant.

1, external power supply system

The external power supply system is comprised of the cable system that array additionally arranges inside and outside high-rise.The power-supply system of external power supply system and high-rise self is independent mutually.Its power connection is positioned at before the total lock in high-rise circuit control road.It can guarantee skyscraper because of after breaking out of fire cuts off the power supply, and its escape system still can work.The external power supply system both can plug into common civil power, also can plug into mutually with the fire-fighting emergent generator car.The group number of external power supply is more, and security of system nargin is also just higher.

One end of all external power supplys then links with motor, the control system of escape, fire plant.

The employed cable of external power supply system all adopts high flame-retardant cable, encapsulates with the high flame retardant insulating materials between live wire, ground wire, the zero line.

2, control system

The channel wireless radio multi control system is installed on the electric system that fugitive life is put.The controller of wireless control system is grasped by local fire-fighting command control centre.Through the approval of fire-fighting command control centre, high-rise administrative department also can be equipped with wireless controller, but the wireless controller of fire-fighting command department has preferential command, and the controller that can surmount skyscraper administrative department is commanded control.

For avoiding control system to be subjected to complicated electromagnetism condition influence, wireless control system can adopt the digital communication mode.

By the mobile phone technique of maturation, such as the 3G mechanics of communication, wireless control system can be connected with FCC, and utilizes the video camera that is installed on the escape arm that real-time video or picture are sent to FCC.

When the condition of a fire occurring, skyscraper administrative department can start the high building fire fighting life saving system, and the camera on the fire-extinguishing and lifesaving arm (9) is namely started working, and field video signal is sent to local FCC.Before fire fighting truck arrived the scene of fire, fire protection control center can be according to real time video signals remote control fire-extinguishing and lifesaving system.The skyscraper administrative staff can enter the floor that catches fire by broken window, utilize hand fire extinguisher or the fire hose to bring the control intensity of a fire; Also can carry out rescuing work under the commander of fire protection control center, this is for preventing that fire spreading has very important meaning.

3, escape device by the elevating mechanism (3) on the fire-extinguishing and lifesaving arm that is installed in the high-rise roof, the rope (4) suitable with the high-rise height, and walking mechanism (7) form.Escape device quantity is decided according to the high-rise concrete condition, does not have the dead angle to guarantee high-rise all directions wall facade direction.For improving margin of safety, suggestion increases fire-extinguishing and lifesaving generating apparatus quantity.

(1) elevating mechanism (3) is installed on the fire-extinguishing and lifesaving arm (2) and with arm supporting mechanism (1) and is flexibly connected.Arm supporting mechanism (1) is connected with building top level structure or walking mechanism (7).The fire-extinguishing and lifesaving arm can rotate around arm supporting mechanism (1).The fire-extinguishing and lifesaving arm designs according to the concrete condition of high-rise.

(2) fire-extinguishing and lifesaving arm (2) is Collapsible structure, and the above also can install overhead traveling crane (8).Pulley (5) is established on fire-extinguishing and lifesaving arm top, to realize the lifting of escape cable wire (4).

(3) for the consideration of the factors such as personnel escape, rete cord load-bearing, escape arm top should be controlled in the scope of 1m apart from the distance between the high-rise all directions wall facade.

(4) lifting elevator power of motor, subtract the technical parameters such as wheel gear ratio, rope rising or falling speed and arranged according to concrete conditions such as density of personnel in high-rise height, the building.

(5) (6) are designed for suspension hook in the end of rope, on establish the overload alarm device.When rope is put into ground location, carry additionally as required life saving hanging cradle or fire hose by the fire fighter.In actual use, the fireman who is arranged in life saving hanging cradle can angle by hand-held fire-fighting, the fixing hanging basket position of rope, utilizes the fire hose sprinkling fire or trapped personnel is accessed hanging basket;

(6) for top layer be the skyscraper of square, square type, circle, can escape device be installed at central point or the four corners position of building top layer cement components.

4, the present invention also can arrange video, image recording mechanism (9) on its fire-extinguishing and lifesaving arm, and picture signal is passed to control centre by wireless mode.Wherein, the position of arm supporting mechanism (1) and fire-extinguishing and lifesaving arm (2) and the folding and unfolding action of action and rope lift (3), the relevant actions such as operation of walking mechanism (7) are controlled by radio signal by control centre.When fire occured, high-rise administrative department can start fire-fighting live-saving equipment, and video, image recording mechanism can deliver to local FCC by RTTY with real-time video, picture signal.The FCC commanding can carry out fire-extinguishing and lifesaving work by the Remote fire-fighting live-saving equipment.

6, the whole device of the present invention adopts independently high flame-retardant cable electric power system.Electric power system is comprised of the cable that array additionally arranges inside and outside high-rise.Cable system is by high flame retardant insulating materials individual packages, and this electric power system is independent of the high-rise electric power system, can not have a power failure because of high-rise, outage and influenced.Its power connection is positioned at before the total lock in high-rise circuit control road.It can guarantee skyscraper because of after breaking out of fire cuts off the power supply, and its escape system still can work.The external power supply system both can plug into common civil power, also can plug into mutually with the fire-fighting emergent generator car.The group number of external power supply is more, and security of system nargin is also just higher.

Description of drawings

Further specify structure of the present invention below in conjunction with drawings and Examples.

Fig. 1: wireless remote-control system block diagram

Fig. 2: fire-extinguishing and lifesaving system architecture schematic diagram

Fig. 3: fire-extinguishing and lifesaving system architecture schematic diagram

Embodiment 2: the running type structural fire protection life.

The structural fire protection life of the present embodiment is seen Fig. 4, can be according to abnormal high-rise building deployment rails and running gear, and the fire-extinguishing and lifesaving system can be installed on the running gear.

SYSTEM SUMMARY

New system has taken into full account the difference needs of personnel escape and high-rise fire extinguishing, and both are combined.This system is comprised of external power supply system, control device, several major parts of lifesaving fire plant.

1, external power supply system

The external power supply system is comprised of the cable system that array additionally arranges inside and outside high-rise.The power-supply system of external power supply system and high-rise self is independent mutually.Its power connection is positioned at before the total lock in high-rise circuit control road.It can guarantee skyscraper because of after breaking out of fire cuts off the power supply, and its escape system still can work.The external power supply system both can plug into common civil power, also can plug into mutually with the fire-fighting emergent generator car.The group number of external power supply is more, and security of system nargin is also just higher.

One end of all external power supplys then links with motor, the control system of escape, fire plant.

The employed cable of external power supply system all adopts high flame-retardant cable, encapsulates with the high flame retardant insulating materials between live wire, ground wire, the zero line.

2, control system

The channel wireless radio multi control system is installed on the electric system that fugitive life is put.The controller of wireless control system is grasped by local fire-fighting command control centre.Through the approval of fire-fighting command control centre, high-rise administrative department also can be equipped with wireless controller, but the wireless controller of fire-fighting command department has preferential command, and the controller that can surmount skyscraper administrative department is commanded control.

For avoiding control system to be subjected to complicated electromagnetism condition influence, wireless control system can adopt the digital communication mode.

By the mobile phone technique of maturation, such as the 3G mechanics of communication, wireless control system can be connected with FCC, and utilizes the video camera that is installed on the escape arm that real-time video or picture are sent to FCC.

When the condition of a fire occurring, skyscraper administrative department can start the high building fire fighting life saving system, and the camera on the fire-extinguishing and lifesaving arm (9) is namely started working, and field video signal is sent to local FCC.Before fire fighting truck arrived the scene of fire, fire protection control center can be according to real time video signals remote control fire-extinguishing and lifesaving system.The skyscraper administrative staff can enter the floor that catches fire by broken window, utilize hand fire extinguisher or the fire hose to bring the control intensity of a fire; Also can carry out rescuing work under the commander of fire protection control center, this is for preventing that fire spreading has very important meaning.

3, escape device by the elevating mechanism (3) of (2) on the fire-extinguishing and lifesaving arm that is installed in the high-rise roof, the rope (4) suitable with the high-rise height, and walking mechanism (7) form.Escape device quantity is decided according to the high-rise concrete condition, does not have the dead angle to guarantee high-rise all directions wall facade direction.For improving margin of safety, suggestion increases fire-extinguishing and lifesaving generating apparatus quantity.

(1) elevating mechanism (3) is installed on the fire-extinguishing and lifesaving arm (2) and with arm supporting mechanism (3) and is flexibly connected.Arm supporting mechanism (1) is connected with building top layer member or walking mechanism (7).The fire-extinguishing and lifesaving arm can rotate around fulcrum.The fire-extinguishing and lifesaving arm designs according to the concrete condition of high-rise.

(2) the fire-extinguishing and lifesaving arm is Collapsible structure, and the above also can install overhead traveling crane (8).Pulley (5) is established on fire-extinguishing and lifesaving arm top, to realize the lifting of escape cable wire (4).

(3) for the consideration of the factors such as personnel escape, rete cord load-bearing, escape arm top should be controlled in the scope of 1m apart from the distance between the high-rise all directions wall facade.

(4) lifting elevator power of motor, subtract the technical parameters such as wheel gear ratio, rope rising or falling speed and arranged according to concrete conditions such as density of personnel in high-rise height, the building.

(5) end of rope is designed for suspension hook, on establish the overload alarm device.When rope is put into ground location, carry additionally as required life saving hanging cradle or fire hose (6) by the fire fighter.In actual use, the fireman who is arranged in life saving hanging cradle can angle by hand-held fire-fighting, the fixing hanging basket position of rope, utilizes fire hose water spray fire fiery or trapped personnel accessed hanging basket;

4, the present invention also can arrange video, image recording mechanism (9) on its fire-extinguishing and lifesaving arm, and picture signal is passed to control centre by wireless mode.Wherein, the position of arm supporting mechanism (1) and fire-extinguishing and lifesaving arm (2) and the folding and unfolding action of action and rope lift (3), the relevant actions such as operation of walking mechanism (7) are controlled by radio signal by control centre.When fire occured, high-rise administrative department can start fire-fighting live-saving equipment, and video, image recording mechanism can deliver to local FCC by RTTY with real-time video, picture signal.The FCC commanding can carry out fire-extinguishing and lifesaving work by the Remote fire-fighting live-saving equipment.

5, the whole device of the present invention adopts independently high flame-retardant cable electric power system.Electric power system is comprised of the cable that array additionally arranges inside and outside high-rise.Cable system is by high flame retardant insulating materials individual packages, and this electric power system is independent of the high-rise electric power system, can not have a power failure because of high-rise, outage and influenced.Its power connection is positioned at before the total lock in high-rise circuit control road.It can guarantee skyscraper because of after breaking out of fire cuts off the power supply, and its escape system still can work.The external power supply system both can plug into common civil power, also can plug into mutually with the fire-fighting emergent generator car.The group number of external power supply is more, and security of system nargin is also just higher.

Further specify structure of the present invention below in conjunction with drawings and Examples.

Fig. 1: wireless remote-control system block diagram

Fig. 2: fire-extinguishing and lifesaving system architecture schematic diagram

Fig. 4: special shaped building fire-extinguishing and lifesaving system track layout drawing.

Claims (7)

1. structural fire protection life, have lift and fire-extinguishing and lifesaving rope, it is characterized in that lift by can be installed in the locational arm supporting mechanism of skyscraper top layer (1) and be movably connected on the arm supporting mechanism (1) and can consist of around fire-extinguishing and lifesaving arm (2) and the rope lift (3) of arm supporting mechanism (1) rotation, wherein fire-extinguishing and lifesaving arm (2) adopts stretching structure; Fire-extinguishing and lifesaving rope (4) one ends are connected on the rope lift, the other end descends to fall in outside the exterior wall of skyscraper by the pulley on the fire-extinguishing and lifesaving arm (5), is connected with fire-extinguishing and lifesaving utensil (6) on the front end of fire-extinguishing and lifesaving rope (4).
2. build the thing fire-fighting live-saving equipment according to right request 1 described high level, it is characterized in that the front end of fire-extinguishing and lifesaving rope (4) designs for suspension hook, add on the suspension hook and hang with device for rescue from building from fire tool (6).
3. fire-fighting life saving device for high-rise building according to claim 1 is characterized in that the arm supporting mechanism (1) of lift is fixedly mounted on the skyscraper top layer member.
4. fire-fighting life saving device for high-rise building according to claim 1, the bottom that it is characterized in that the arm supporting mechanism (1) of lift is provided with walking mechanism (7), the high-rise top layer has additionally arranged track (10), and walking mechanism (7) is installed on this track (10).
5. according to claim 1,2,3 or 4 described high levels build the thing fire-fighting live-saving equipment, it is characterized in that video, image recording mechanism (9) are set on its fire-extinguishing and lifesaving arm, picture signal is passed to control centre by wireless mode.
6. fire-fighting life saving device for high-rise building according to claim 5 is characterized in that arm supporting mechanism (1) moves with the folding and unfolding of action and rope lift (3) with the position of fire-extinguishing and lifesaving arm (2) and overhead traveling crane (8) to be controlled by control centre.
7. fire-fighting life saving device for high-rise building according to claim 1 is characterized in that whole device adopts independently high flame-retardant cable electric power system.
CN2011102031284A 2011-07-20 2011-07-20 Firefighting and lifesaving device for high-rise building CN102886107A (en)

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CN104606814A (en) * 2013-11-05 2015-05-13 吴旭榕 Fire-extinguishing rescue rope-releasing equipment for building
CN104606834A (en) * 2013-11-05 2015-05-13 吴旭榕 Building
CN104606826A (en) * 2013-11-05 2015-05-13 吴旭榕 Building
CN104606818A (en) * 2013-11-05 2015-05-13 吴旭榕 Building
CN104606831A (en) * 2013-11-05 2015-05-13 吴超然 Building
CN104606806A (en) * 2013-11-05 2015-05-13 吴旭榕 Building
CN104606817A (en) * 2013-11-05 2015-05-13 吴旭榕 Building
CN104906709A (en) * 2014-05-26 2015-09-16 吴超然 Building with fire-fighting and rescue function
CN104922806A (en) * 2014-05-26 2015-09-23 吴超然 Building having firefighting rescue function
CN105477794A (en) * 2014-05-26 2016-04-13 吴超然 Building having fire-extinguishing rescue function
CN106512241A (en) * 2016-11-15 2017-03-22 尹宏 Fire protection device used for tall building and using method thereof
CN108498962A (en) * 2018-03-28 2018-09-07 董云涛 A kind of high building fire fighting rescue aid

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Cited By (12)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104606814A (en) * 2013-11-05 2015-05-13 吴旭榕 Fire-extinguishing rescue rope-releasing equipment for building
CN104606834A (en) * 2013-11-05 2015-05-13 吴旭榕 Building
CN104606826A (en) * 2013-11-05 2015-05-13 吴旭榕 Building
CN104606818A (en) * 2013-11-05 2015-05-13 吴旭榕 Building
CN104606831A (en) * 2013-11-05 2015-05-13 吴超然 Building
CN104606806A (en) * 2013-11-05 2015-05-13 吴旭榕 Building
CN104606817A (en) * 2013-11-05 2015-05-13 吴旭榕 Building
CN104906709A (en) * 2014-05-26 2015-09-16 吴超然 Building with fire-fighting and rescue function
CN104922806A (en) * 2014-05-26 2015-09-23 吴超然 Building having firefighting rescue function
CN105477794A (en) * 2014-05-26 2016-04-13 吴超然 Building having fire-extinguishing rescue function
CN106512241A (en) * 2016-11-15 2017-03-22 尹宏 Fire protection device used for tall building and using method thereof
CN108498962A (en) * 2018-03-28 2018-09-07 董云涛 A kind of high building fire fighting rescue aid

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