CN103691072A - Rescue system for high-rise building - Google Patents

Rescue system for high-rise building Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103691072A
CN103691072A CN201310242093.4A CN201310242093A CN103691072A CN 103691072 A CN103691072 A CN 103691072A CN 201310242093 A CN201310242093 A CN 201310242093A CN 103691072 A CN103691072 A CN 103691072A
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China
Prior art keywords
fire
car
rescue
escape
elevator car
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CN201310242093.4A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN103691072B (en
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杨伟国
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杨伟国
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Abstract

The invention relates to a rescue system which is capable of carrying out in-time fire extinguishment on a high-rise building and enabling people to escape in time when an accident disaster such as a fire disaster happens. The rescue system comprises outer wall fire cocks, two guide rails, fixing screw rods and a hydraulic elevator, wherein the outer wall fire cocks are arranged on the wall, the two guide rails are arranged on the wall surface of the high-rise building and are parallel to each other, the hydraulic elevator comprises an elevator car with a guardrail, a telescopic pedal, a telescopic plate and a descent control device, the descent control device comprises an escape exit, an escape basket and steel wire ropes, one ends of the fixing screw rods are connected with the guide rails, the other ends of the fixing screw rods are fixedly connected with the elevator car, the bottom part of the elevator car is provided with the escape exit, the guardrail of the elevator car is simultaneously and fixedly provided with the steel wire ropes, the escape basket is fixedly arranged on the steel wire ropes through buckles, the telescopic pedal is arranged on the bottom part of the elevator car, and the telescopic plate is arranged on the top part of the elevator car. Due to the use of the rescue system disclosed by the invention, people can escape in time through the escape basket while fire extinguishment is carried out by firefighters in the elevator car when the high-rise building catches a fire, and life and property safety can be ensured with high efficiency and low loss.

Description

Skyscraper rescue system

Technical field

The present invention relates to a kind of when the unexpected stormses such as breaking out of fire, the rescue system that can escape in time in time fire extinguishing of high-rise and personnel.

Background technology

China's part external wall of high-rise building is a large amount of at present uses after inflammable, flammable construction material, and the form routine different from the past that fire development spreads, presents by new feature outer and interior, from high to low, thereby has increased the difficulty that fire of high-rise building is puted out a fire to save life and property by fire brigade.Fire from Beijing CCTV annex, Shanghai high-rise residential are several, be external wall and install and used a large amount of inflammable, flammable construction materials, as: the polyurethane foam that insulating layer of external wall of building is used, fire externally cause rear rapidly upwards or spread expansion to building interior, even from roof, spread (Beijing CCTV fire just belongs to this type of) downwards, thereby cause whole building that stereo burning occurs.In addition, the general nothing of outdoor fire is dividing of developing stage obviously, and because oxygen supply is sufficient, outdoor fire just can develop into fierce combustion phases after occurring very soon.To the intensity of a fire, development has decisive influence to wind, especially the impact of fire in the open wind-engaging is larger, and external wall of high-rise building fire is subject to the impact of wind-force especially, and wind brings a large amount of fresh airs to combustion zone, in addition external wall of high-rise building is wrapped in inflammable, combustible material in a large number, impels burning more fierce.Along with the change of wind direction, fire spreading direction can corresponding change.Strong wind weather very easily forms jump fire, expands rapidly combustion range.Above factor causes fire of high-rise building to cause the shortening of calamity time, and hazard scope and harmfulness further expand, and objectively the reaction time of Jiang Dui fire brigade, disposing capacity are also had higher requirement.When breaking out of fire, the way of conventional fire extinguishing has:

A: fire-fighting equipment participates in high-rise fire rescue

At present the highest motor ladder in the whole world is 101 meters, and maximum jetting height is 150 meters, but tight Ke's condition restriction the performance of its function, wind speed need be lower than 12.5 meter per seconds, the chassis of 101 meters of motor ladders is very short, is not suitable for ramp and potted road surface.In addition, motor ladder volume is huger, and the corner of part community also cannot pass through.In actual fire fighting and rescue process, not having these situations of favourable climate and geographical position and support of the people occurs, even if motor ladder is ascended a height smoothly, but only have a hydraulic giant and big fire fight, equal to water in big fire with the hydraulic giant that child plays, so without Ji, the water spraying from periphery high building Xiang Gai building is because of the not enough fire extinguishing of strength poor effect; Also have motor ladder to have one reaction force in the moment of water outlet, be easy to occur that working bucket, terraced arm are because current reaction force seriously rocks, cause personnel and vehicle dangerous.

B: helicopter participates in high-rise fire rescue

When fire of high-rise building occurs, the smog interference that a large amount of fire hazard thermal air-flows that rise and burning generate etc. is unfavorable for that helicopter approaches fire building, and the attached structure of various building, as facilities such as billboards, not only hinder the disaster relief, also may cause the helicopter accident that meets accident.In addition, if cannot appropriateness smash glass of building exterior wall, helicopter is got involved fire and is rescued and will be restricted, even if relaying water supply problem can solve, but because of the restriction of distance with space, the loss of secondary disaster is also difficult to expect.

C: fireman ascends a height and participates in high-rise fire rescue

The presentation of results of fire-fighting being ascended a height and being tested according to professional institution, when ascend operation, has a direct impact fireman's heart rate, breathing, easily causes the panic meaning of psychology random.Along with climbing the physical endurance of the increase of height over people, people will produce anxiety and weary mood psychologically, the action scope of activities that suppresses people, lose fight capability, the general fireman 11 floor rooms of ascending a height, average heart rate is 178n/min, average breathing as 46.8n/min, have 80% popular rate to surpass or approach set upper limit numerical value (180n/min), 100% people breathes and surpasses required standard (40n/min).Due to fireman heart rate and tachypnea in the process of ascending a height, can cause bad psychoreaction, directly affect fireman's combat action.Fireman a complete set of fighting uniform, portable two branch lines or mains water band, bear air respiratorresuscitator arrives 10 layers, 20 layers and has arrived the limit, still more high-storey more.

Summary of the invention

For the weak point of above-mentioned technology, the invention provides and a kind ofly can either rescue people's life in the very first time, can also reach fire extinguishing in the very first time simultaneously, reduce a kind of Succor plain stage of property loss.

Skyscraper rescue system, comprise the exterior wall fire hydrant being arranged on wall, be arranged on two guide rails that are parallel to each other on high building wall surface, standing screw, hydraulic elevator, described hydraulic elevator comprises the car with guardrail, telescopic pedal, expansion plate, descending lifeline, described descending lifeline comprises escaping exit, escape basket, steel wire rope, described standing screw one end is connected with guide rail, the other end is fixedly connected with car, bottom at car is provided with escaping exit, on car guardrail, be fixed with steel wire rope simultaneously, on steel wire rope, snap close is fixed with escape basket, described telescopic pedal is arranged on car bottom, play the effect that car is connected with gap, building, described expansion plate is arranged on car top.

Further, described guide rail is parallel with metope.

Further, described guide rails assembling is on the metope of skyscraper corner.

Further, described car top is provided with illuminator.

Beneficial effect of the present invention is, use due to this rescue system, can be when building catches fire, fire fighter is when putting out a fire in car the inside, people can escape in time by escape basket, reach fire fighting and rescue people and neglect neither, assurance life and the property safety of high efficiency, low loss.

Accompanying drawing explanation

Fig. 1 is structural representation of the present invention;

Fig. 2 is the structural representation of standing screw;

Fig. 3 is the structural representation of telescopic pedal;

Fig. 4 is the structural representation of escape basket;

Fig. 5 is the structural scheme of mechanism of car.

1-exterior wall fire hydrant 2-guide rail 3-standing screw 4-car 5-telescopic pedal 6-escaping exit 7-escape basket 8-steel wire rope 9-snap close 10-illuminator 11-expansion plate

The specific embodiment

Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, the present invention is described in further detail.

Skyscraper rescue system, as shown in Figure 1, comprise the exterior wall fire hydrant 1 being arranged on wall, be arranged on two guide rails 2 that are parallel to each other on high building wall surface, standing screw 3(as shown in Figure 2), hydraulic elevator, described hydraulic elevator comprises with the car 4(of guardrail as shown in Figure 5), telescopic pedal 5(as shown in Figure 3), expansion plate 11, descending lifeline, described descending lifeline comprises escaping exit 6, escape basket 7(as shown in Figure 4), steel wire rope 8, described standing screw 3 one end are connected with guide rail 2, the other end is fixedly connected with car 4, in the bottom of car 4, be provided with escaping exit 6, on car 4 guardrails, be fixed with steel wire rope 8 simultaneously, on steel wire rope 8, by snap close 9, be fixed with escape basket 7, described telescopic pedal 5 is arranged on car 4 bottoms, play the effect that car 4 is connected with gap, building, described expansion plate 11 is arranged on car 4 tops, for the protection of the people in car, be not subject to the injury of falling object from high altitude.

Further, described guide rail 2 is parallel with metope.

Further, described guide rail 2 is arranged on the metope of skyscraper corner.

Further, described car 4 tops are provided with illuminator 10.

The present invention adopts the reason of above structure as follows:

Hydraulic elevator is by hydraulic power supply, oil pressure is entered to oil cylinder and make plunger moving linearly, makes directly or indirectly the elevator of car movement by steel wire rope.

The technical characterstic of hydraulic elevator

(1) operate steadily, ride comfort.Hydraulic system traditional power uniform and stable, and Elevator Running Speed Cueve variation is mild, so comfort is better than traction speed governing ladder.

(2) security is good, reliability is high, for ease of maintenaince

Hydraulic elevator, except being equipped with the safety device that common traction elevator possesses, also has:

1. overflow valve, in the time of can preventing motion, system pressure is too high.2. emergent hand-operated valve, when power supply breaks down, can make car meet an urgent need and drop to nearest floor position, automatically opens gate, makes passenger safety walk out car.3. moving pump can operate manual pump and get hydraulic oil when system breaks down, and makes car rise to nearest floor position.4. pipeline breaking valve, when hydraulic system pipeline breaking and car stall while declining can be cut off oil circuit automatically.

(3) loading capacity is large

Utilize Basque principle, hydraulic elevator can be obtained large top lift at an easy rate, and its power-weight ratio is large simultaneously, and the weight that same power can deliver is large.

(4) explosion-proof performance is good

Hydraulic elevator adopts low solidifying fire resistant fluid force feed, and fuel tank is again integral sealing, and motor, oil pump are immersed in hydraulic oil, can effectively prevent the burning of flammable gas and liquid.

(5) use and maintenance

Failure rate is low advanced person's hydraulic system, has good electrichydraulic control mode, and elevator uses fault rate can be down to minimum.

The shape of hydraulic elevator is mainly square, and general high-rise building is all four faces, and point of elevator shape is with two faces, and two elevators have been contained whole building substantially.

The main member of high building fire fighting fire fighting and rescue platform is hydraulic elevator, secondly in hydraulic elevator lifting process, how to make it keep stable, because it is in outdoor, affected by the external environments such as wind-force, must guarantee that it is not offset in process of rising or falling, in installation process, body of wall closes on face and slide rail first will be installed in corner, with three points, fix hydraulic elevator, hydraulic elevator is installed standing screw by wall one side, and hydraulic elevator car is fixed in standing screw one end, and opposite side is positioned at guide rail, in hydraulic elevator lifting process, it moves up and down with guide rail.

The outer facade of each floor must be installed hose station, when elevator rises to desired location, fire fighter can be connected with hose station by entrained water band, directly obtains water source and carries out and put out a fire to save life and property, greatly reduced the high-rise awkward situation without water source, reached water outlet and rescue soon object rapidly.

Because present skyscraper may have and narrow down gradually from lower to upper, so may have certain space between elevator and building, personnel cannot enter the escape of Huo Cong building, building, and the function of telescopic pedal is exactly bridge, be the passage that personnel pass in and out.

Car bottom is provided with descending lifeline, comprises escaping exit, escape basket, steel wire rope, and personnel can, from escape basket the inside, drop to ground from escaping exit by safe wire cable.

The foregoing is only preferred embodiment of the present invention, in order to limit the present invention, within the spirit and principles in the present invention not all, any modification of doing, be equal to replacement, improvement etc., within all should being included in protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (4)

1. skyscraper rescue system, it is characterized in that, comprise the exterior wall fire hydrant being arranged on wall, be arranged on two guide rails that are parallel to each other on high building wall surface, standing screw, hydraulic elevator, described hydraulic elevator comprises the car with guardrail, telescopic pedal, expansion plate, descending lifeline, described descending lifeline comprises escaping exit, escape basket, steel wire rope, described standing screw one end is connected with guide rail, the other end is fixedly connected with car, bottom at car is provided with escaping exit, on car guardrail, be fixed with steel wire rope simultaneously, on steel wire rope, snap close is fixed with escape basket, described telescopic pedal is arranged on car bottom, play the effect that car is connected with gap, building, described expansion plate is arranged on car top.
2. rescue system as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that, described guide rail is parallel with metope.
3. rescue system as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that, described guide rails assembling is on the metope of skyscraper corner.
4. rescue system as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that, described car top is provided with illuminator.
CN201310242093.4A 2013-06-18 2013-06-18 rescue system for high-rise building CN103691072B (en)

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Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107158623A (en) * 2017-07-11 2017-09-15 佛山市领卓科技有限公司 A kind of building that can externally supply water and its fire-fighting fire extinguishing mode
CN107185128A (en) * 2017-07-11 2017-09-22 镇江市丹徒区硕源材料科技有限公司 A kind of building and its fire-fighting fire extinguishing mode of the fire extinguishing that can externally supply water
CN107243126A (en) * 2017-08-17 2017-10-13 镇江市丹徒区硕源材料科技有限公司 A kind of fire-fighting system
CN107243132A (en) * 2017-07-11 2017-10-13 镇江市丹徒区硕源材料科技有限公司 A kind of Building Fire Fighting System and its fire-fighting mode
CN107246063A (en) * 2017-07-11 2017-10-13 佛山市领卓科技有限公司 One kind building and its fire-fighting fire extinguishing mode
CN108578948A (en) * 2017-07-11 2018-09-28 佛山市领卓科技有限公司 A kind of building and its fire-fighting system

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Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107158623A (en) * 2017-07-11 2017-09-15 佛山市领卓科技有限公司 A kind of building that can externally supply water and its fire-fighting fire extinguishing mode
CN107185128A (en) * 2017-07-11 2017-09-22 镇江市丹徒区硕源材料科技有限公司 A kind of building and its fire-fighting fire extinguishing mode of the fire extinguishing that can externally supply water
CN107243132A (en) * 2017-07-11 2017-10-13 镇江市丹徒区硕源材料科技有限公司 A kind of Building Fire Fighting System and its fire-fighting mode
CN107246063A (en) * 2017-07-11 2017-10-13 佛山市领卓科技有限公司 One kind building and its fire-fighting fire extinguishing mode
CN108578948A (en) * 2017-07-11 2018-09-28 佛山市领卓科技有限公司 A kind of building and its fire-fighting system
CN107243126A (en) * 2017-08-17 2017-10-13 镇江市丹徒区硕源材料科技有限公司 A kind of fire-fighting system

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