CN103691072B - rescue system for high-rise building - Google Patents

rescue system for high-rise building Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN103691072B
CN103691072B CN201310242093.4A CN201310242093A CN103691072B CN 103691072 B CN103691072 B CN 103691072B CN 201310242093 A CN201310242093 A CN 201310242093A CN 103691072 B CN103691072 B CN 103691072B
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
car
fire
rescue
escape
steel wire
Prior art date
Application number
CN201310242093.4A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN103691072A (en
Inventor
杨伟国
Original Assignee
杨伟国
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 杨伟国 filed Critical 杨伟国
Priority to CN201310242093.4A priority Critical patent/CN103691072B/en
Publication of CN103691072A publication Critical patent/CN103691072A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN103691072B publication Critical patent/CN103691072B/en

Links

Abstract

The invention relates to a rescue system which is capable of carrying out in-time fire extinguishment on a high-rise building and enabling people to escape in time when an accident disaster such as a fire disaster happens. The rescue system comprises outer wall fire cocks, two guide rails, fixing screw rods and a hydraulic elevator, wherein the outer wall fire cocks are arranged on the wall, the two guide rails are arranged on the wall surface of the high-rise building and are parallel to each other, the hydraulic elevator comprises an elevator car with a guardrail, a telescopic pedal, a telescopic plate and a descent control device, the descent control device comprises an escape exit, an escape basket and steel wire ropes, one ends of the fixing screw rods are connected with the guide rails, the other ends of the fixing screw rods are fixedly connected with the elevator car, the bottom part of the elevator car is provided with the escape exit, the guardrail of the elevator car is simultaneously and fixedly provided with the steel wire ropes, the escape basket is fixedly arranged on the steel wire ropes through buckles, the telescopic pedal is arranged on the bottom part of the elevator car, and the telescopic plate is arranged on the top part of the elevator car. Due to the use of the rescue system disclosed by the invention, people can escape in time through the escape basket while fire extinguishment is carried out by firefighters in the elevator car when the high-rise building catches a fire, and life and property safety can be ensured with high efficiency and low loss.

Description

Skyscraper rescue system

Technical field

The present invention relates to when there is the unexpected storms such as fire in one kind, can be to the timely fire extinguishing of high-rise and personnel The rescue system that can be escaped in time.

Background technology

At present China's partial high-level external wall is used in a large number after inflammable, flammable construction material, the shape that fire development spreads Formula routine different from the past, is presented by new feature outer and interior, from high to low, puts out a fire to save life and property skyscraper so as to increased fire brigade The difficulty of fire.From Beijing CCTV annex, Shanghai high-rise residential are several from the point of view of fire, it is external wall and installs and use A large amount of inflammable, flammable construction materials, such as:The polyurethane foam that insulating layer of external wall of building is used, fire is fast after outside initiation Speed spreads expansion upwards or to building interior, or even spreads downwards from roof(Beijing CCTV fire just belongs to such), so as to lead Cause whole building that stereo burning occurs.Additionally, outdoor fire typically without obvious developing stage point, due to oxygen supply it is sufficient, it is outdoor Fire will develop into quickly fierce combustion phases after occurring.Wind has decisive influence to developing fire, and especially fire in the open is received The impact of wind is bigger, and external wall of high-rise building fire is even more and is affected by wind-force, and wind brings a large amount of fresh airs to combustion zone, plus External wall of high-rise building be wrapped in a large amount of inflammable, combustible materials, promote burning more fierce.With the change of wind direction, the intensity of a fire is climing Prolonging direction can accordingly change.Strong wind weather easily forms jump fire, and combustion range is expanded rapidly.Factors above causes skyscraper fire Calamity causes the shortening of calamity time, hazard scope and harmfulness further to expand, and objectively says the reaction time to fire brigade, place The ability of putting it is also proposed higher requirement.When a fire the method for conventional fire extinguishing has:

A:Fire-fighting equipment participates in high-rise fire rescue

At present highest motor ladder in the whole world is 101 meters, and maximum jetting height is 150 meters, but the condition of tight Ke limits it The performance of function, wind speed need to be less than 12.5 meter per seconds, and the chassis of 101 meters of motor ladders is very short, is not suitable for ramp and hollow road Face.In addition, motor ladder volume is huger, the corner of cell portion also cannot pass through.During actual fire fighting and rescue, do not have Favourable climate and geographical position and support of the people these situations occur, even if motor ladder is smoothly ascended a height, but only one hydraulic giant is fought with big fire, equal to little The hydraulic giant that child plays is poured in big fire, without Ji then, from periphery high building to the water of the building injection because strength deficiency extinguishing effect is not good; Also motor ladder has one reaction force in the moment of water outlet, it is easy to working bucket, terraced arm occur tight because of current reaction force Rock again, cause personnel and vehicle risk.

B:Helicopter participates in high-rise fire rescue

When fire of high-rise building occurs, smog interference that a large amount of fire thermal currents for rising and burning are generated etc. is unfavorable for straight The close fire building of the machine of liter, and the attached structure of various buildings, such as billboard facility, not only hinder the disaster relief, may be used also Can cause helicopter that contingency occurs.Additionally, if glass of building exterior wall cannot be smashed moderately, helicopter intervention fire is rescued Will be restricted, even if relaying water supply problem can be solved, but because of distance and the restriction in space, the loss of secondary disaster is also difficult To expect.

C:Fireman ascends a height and participates in high-rise fire rescue

Fire-fighting is ascended a height according to professional institution the result explanation of test, when operation is ascended a height, heart rate to fireman, breathing Have a direct impact, easily cause psychological panic meaning disorderly.With the physical endurance for increasing above people for climbing height, people will be from the heart Nervous and weary mood is produced in reason, suppresses the locomotor activity scope of people, lose fight capability, general fireman ascends a height to 11 layers Building, average heart rate is 178n/min, and average breathing is 46.8n/min, has 80% popular rate to exceed or is close to the upper limit of regulation Numerical value(180n/min), 100% people's breathing is more than required standard(40n/min).Due to fireman during ascending a height heart rate and Tachypnea, can cause bad psychoreaction, directly affect the combat action of fireman.Fireman a complete set of fighting uniform, hand Carry two branch lines or mains water band, bear air respiratorresuscitator arrival 10 layers, still more 20 layers of limit of arriving, more high-storey.

The content of the invention

For the weak point of above-mentioned technology, the present invention provides one kind and can either rescue people's life in the very first time, together When can also reach fire extinguishing in the very first time, reduce a kind of Succor plain stage of property loss.

Skyscraper rescue system, including the exterior wall fire hydrant on wall, on high building wall surface Two guide rails, standing screw, hydraulic elevators being parallel to each other, the hydraulic elevator includes the car with guardrail, telescopic pedal, stretches Contracting plate, descending lifeline, the descending lifeline includes escaping exit, escape basket, steel wire rope, and described standing screw one end is connected with guide rail, separately One end is fixedly connected with car, and in the bottom of car escaping exit is provided with, while being fixed with steel wire rope, steel wire rope on car guardrail Upper lock is fixed with escape basket, and the telescopic pedal is arranged on cage bottom, plays a part of car and be connected with building gap, institute Expansion plate is stated installed in car top.

Further, the guide rail is parallel with metope.

Further, the guide rails assembling is on the metope of skyscraper corner.

Further, the car top is provided with illuminator.

The beneficial effects of the present invention is, due to the use of the rescue system, can be when building catch fire, fire-fighting people While member is put out a fire inside car, people can in time be escaped by escape basket, reached fire fighting and rescued people and neglect neither, high Efficiency, the guarantee life of low loss and property safety.

Description of the drawings

Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the present invention;

Fig. 2 is the structural representation of standing screw;

Fig. 3 is the structural representation of telescopic pedal;

Fig. 4 is the structural representation of escape basket;

Fig. 5 is the structural scheme of mechanism of car.

1- exterior wall fire hydrant 2- guide rail 3- standing screw 4- car 5- telescopic pedal 6- escaping exits 7- escape basket 8- Steel wire rope 9- latches 10- illuminator 11- expansion plates

Specific embodiment

The present invention is described in further detail below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings.

Skyscraper rescue system, as shown in figure 1, including the exterior wall fire hydrant 1 on wall, installed in high level Two guide rails 2, the standing screw 3 being parallel to each other on building wall(As shown in Figure 2), hydraulic elevator, the hydraulic elevator includes Car 4 with guardrail(As shown in Figure 5), telescopic pedal 5(As shown in Figure 3), expansion plate 11, descending lifeline, the descending lifeline includes Escaping exit 6, escape basket 7(As shown in Figure 4), steel wire rope 8, the one end of the standing screw 3 is connected with guide rail 2, the other end and car 4 It is fixedly connected, in the bottom of car 4 escaping exit 6 is provided with, while being fixed with steel wire rope 8 on the guardrail of car 4, leads on steel wire rope 8 Cross lock 9 and be fixed with escape basket 7, the telescopic pedal 5 is arranged on the bottom of car 4, plays the work that car 4 is connected with building gap With the expansion plate 11 is arranged on the top of car 4, for protecting the people in car not injured by falling object from high altitude.

Further, the guide rail 2 is parallel with metope.

Further, the guide rail 2 is arranged on the metope of skyscraper corner.

Further, the top of the car 4 is provided with illuminator 10.

The present invention is using as follows the reason for above structure:

Hydraulic elevator is that, by hydraulic power supply, oil pressure is entered oil cylinder makes plunger for linear motion, directly or indirectly leads to Cross the elevator that steel wire rope moves car.

The technical characterstic of hydraulic elevator

(1)Operate steadily, ride comfort.Hydraulic system traditional power uniform and stable, and Elevator Running Speed Cueve change Change gently, therefore comfort is better than traction speed governing ladder.

(2)Security is good, reliability is high, for ease of maintenaince

Hydraulic elevator in addition to the safety device that common traction elevator possesses is equipped with, also:

1. overflow valve, system pressure is too high when can prevent motion.2. emergent hand-operated valve, during power failure, can make Car is met an urgent need and drops to nearest floor position, automatically turns on gate, makes passenger safety walk out car.3. pump is moved, when system is sent out Operable manual pump gets hydraulic oil during raw failure, makes car rise to nearest floor position.4. pipeline breaking valve, works as hydraulic pressure System pipeline rupture and car stall decline when, oil circuit can be automatically cut off.

(3)Loading capacity is big

Using Basque principle, hydraulic elevator can easily obtain big top lift, while its power-weight ratio is big, The weight that same power can be delivered is big.

(4)Explosion-proof performance is good

Hydraulic elevator coagulates fire-retardant hydraulic oil using low, and fuel tank is again integral sealing, and motor, oil pump are immersed in hydraulic oil, The burning of flammable gas and liquid can be effectively prevented.

(5)Use and maintenance

The low advanced hydraulic system of fault rate, with good electrichydraulic control mode, elevator can be down to most with fault rate It is low.

The shape of hydraulic elevator is mainly square, and general high-rise building is all four faces, one point band two of elevator shape Individual face, two elevators have covered whole building substantially.

The main member of high building fire fighting fire fighting and rescue platform is hydraulic elevator, secondly in hydraulic elevator lifting process such as What makes it keep stable, because it is affected, it is necessary to assure it is in process of rising or falling in outdoor by external environments such as wind-force In do not offset, in installation process, body of wall closes on face and corner will first install slide rail, and with three points fixed hydraulic elevator, liquid are come Piezoelectricity ladder installs standing screw by wall side, and hydraulic elevator car is fixed in standing screw one end, and opposite side is located in guide rail, liquid In piezoelectricity ladder lifting process, it is moved up and down with guide rail.

The alien invasion of each floor must install hose station, and when elevator rises to desired location, fire fighter can be with It is connected with hose station by entrained water band, the development of direct access water source is puted out a fire to save life and property, greatly reduces high level without water source Awkward situation, reaches water outlet and rescues rapid purpose soon.

Because present skyscraper may have what is become narrow gradually from lower to upper, may there is one between elevator and building Fixed space, personnel cannot be introduced into building or from building escape, and the function of telescopic pedal is exactly bridge, be the logical of personnel's turnover Road.

Cage bottom is provided with descending lifeline, including escaping exit, escape basket, steel wire rope, personnel can from inside escape basket, Ground is drop to by safe wire cable from escaping exit.

The foregoing is only presently preferred embodiments of the present invention, not to limit the present invention, all spirit in the present invention and Within principle, any modification, equivalent substitution and improvements made etc. should be included within the scope of the present invention.

Claims (3)

1. skyscraper rescue system, it is characterised in that include the exterior wall fire hydrant being arranged on wall, build installed in high level Two guide rails, standing screw, hydraulic elevators being parallel to each other on walling face, the hydraulic elevator is square, the guide rail peace It is mounted on the metope of skyscraper corner;In installation process, body of wall closes on face will first install guide rail with corner, with three points Carry out fixed hydraulic elevator;The hydraulic elevator includes the car with guardrail, telescopic pedal, expansion plate, descending lifeline, the descending lifeline Including escaping exit, escape basket, steel wire rope, described standing screw one end is connected with guide rail, and the other end is fixedly connected with car, in sedan-chair The bottom in railway carriage or compartment is provided with escaping exit, while being fixed with steel wire rope on car guardrail, lock is fixed with escape basket on steel wire rope, described Telescopic pedal is arranged on cage bottom, plays a part of car and is connected with building gap, and the expansion plate is arranged on car top;
Hydraulic elevator includes:System pressure too high overflow valve when preventing from moving upwards, the emergent hand-operated valve for brake hard, For getting the dynamic pump and pipeline breaking valve for automatically cutting off oil circuit of hydraulic oil manually.
2. rescue system as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that the guide rail is parallel with metope.
3. rescue system as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that the car top is provided with illuminator.
CN201310242093.4A 2013-06-18 2013-06-18 rescue system for high-rise building CN103691072B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201310242093.4A CN103691072B (en) 2013-06-18 2013-06-18 rescue system for high-rise building

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201310242093.4A CN103691072B (en) 2013-06-18 2013-06-18 rescue system for high-rise building

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN103691072A CN103691072A (en) 2014-04-02
CN103691072B true CN103691072B (en) 2017-04-19

Family

ID=50352835

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201310242093.4A CN103691072B (en) 2013-06-18 2013-06-18 rescue system for high-rise building

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN103691072B (en)

Families Citing this family (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107185128A (en) * 2017-07-11 2017-09-22 镇江市丹徒区硕源材料科技有限公司 A kind of building and its fire-fighting fire extinguishing mode of the fire extinguishing that can externally supply water
CN107246063A (en) * 2017-07-11 2017-10-13 佛山市领卓科技有限公司 One kind building and its fire-fighting fire extinguishing mode
CN107158623A (en) * 2017-07-11 2017-09-15 佛山市领卓科技有限公司 A kind of building that can externally supply water and its fire-fighting fire extinguishing mode
CN108578948A (en) * 2017-07-11 2018-09-28 佛山市领卓科技有限公司 A kind of building and its fire-fighting system
CN107243132A (en) * 2017-07-11 2017-10-13 镇江市丹徒区硕源材料科技有限公司 A kind of Building Fire Fighting System and its fire-fighting mode
CN107243126A (en) * 2017-08-17 2017-10-13 镇江市丹徒区硕源材料科技有限公司 A kind of fire-fighting system

Citations (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4520900A (en) * 1982-11-01 1985-06-04 Orgeron Orey C Fire escape apparatus for use in high-rise buildings and the like
US4538704A (en) * 1984-03-02 1985-09-03 Advanced Evacuation Systems Multiple-person evacuation method and apparatus
CN1327864A (en) * 2000-06-09 2001-12-26 胡孟牛 High-altitude fire-fighting and rescue apparatus for high building
CN200963446Y (en) * 2006-10-18 2007-10-24 周欣 Fire fighting lifesaving device for high-rise building
CN101249300A (en) * 2008-04-08 2008-08-27 于福洋 Hoisting machine escape life saving system for tall building
CN202044660U (en) * 2010-06-24 2011-11-23 彭映斌 Safety window for self rescue by helping people land from tall building slowly
CN202070032U (en) * 2011-03-21 2011-12-14 余荣增 High-rise escape relief device
CN102294098A (en) * 2011-08-19 2011-12-28 初生君 Fire-fighting assembly installed on building
CN202777488U (en) * 2012-06-14 2013-03-13 南昌工程学院 Upper air slow descending device capable of alarming automatically
CN203291405U (en) * 2013-06-18 2013-11-20 杨伟国 Rescuing system for high-rise building

Family Cites Families (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101503162A (en) * 2008-08-19 2009-08-12 周荣祖 Security control system for elevator rescue when tall building is on fire
CN201914807U (en) * 2010-12-20 2011-08-03 陈晨 Fire escape elevator
CN202785184U (en) * 2012-09-25 2013-03-13 沈金根 Elevator lift car provided with telescopic pedal

Patent Citations (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4520900A (en) * 1982-11-01 1985-06-04 Orgeron Orey C Fire escape apparatus for use in high-rise buildings and the like
US4538704A (en) * 1984-03-02 1985-09-03 Advanced Evacuation Systems Multiple-person evacuation method and apparatus
CN1327864A (en) * 2000-06-09 2001-12-26 胡孟牛 High-altitude fire-fighting and rescue apparatus for high building
CN200963446Y (en) * 2006-10-18 2007-10-24 周欣 Fire fighting lifesaving device for high-rise building
CN101249300A (en) * 2008-04-08 2008-08-27 于福洋 Hoisting machine escape life saving system for tall building
CN202044660U (en) * 2010-06-24 2011-11-23 彭映斌 Safety window for self rescue by helping people land from tall building slowly
CN202070032U (en) * 2011-03-21 2011-12-14 余荣增 High-rise escape relief device
CN102294098A (en) * 2011-08-19 2011-12-28 初生君 Fire-fighting assembly installed on building
CN202777488U (en) * 2012-06-14 2013-03-13 南昌工程学院 Upper air slow descending device capable of alarming automatically
CN203291405U (en) * 2013-06-18 2013-11-20 杨伟国 Rescuing system for high-rise building

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
CN103691072A (en) 2014-04-02

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
US4018306A (en) Emergency building access apparatus
US9284777B1 (en) Fall restraint system for telescoping ladders
EP0300746A2 (en) Rescue craft
CN102068768B (en) Follow-up clamp type climbing fire fighting rescue capsule
CN103747838B (en) The fire fighting truck of energy implementing highrise rescue
BRPI0407020B1 (en) Fire brigade system and equipment to evacuate people from the top floor of a multistory building
US4406351A (en) Emergency escape system for use in multistoried buildings
US3945469A (en) Escape elevator
US4042066A (en) Portable emergency fire fighting and rescue elevator
CN104645531A (en) Multifunctional high-altitude rescue fire fighting truck
CN2768112Y (en) Multifunctional integrated training tower for fire fighting
CN201171870Y (en) Tower escape device
CN201040150Y (en) High building emergency escaping rescue device
CN101746655A (en) Microcomputer controlled and storage battery driven high-rise building fire high-speed escape elevator
KR100701790B1 (en) Fire suppression and life structure elevator system of skyscraper
CN202236923U (en) Fire-fighting life saving device for high-rise building
CN2617404Y (en) Lifesaving appliance on high building
CN103386175A (en) Fire disaster slide escape of high-rise building
CN202020803U (en) Telescopic emergency escape device for top-level buildings
CN202010384U (en) Rescuing platform structure of firefighting truck for high-rise building
CN103230655B (en) A kind of hanging-basket-type high-rise device
KR200450338Y1 (en) Emergency escape device for high-storied building
CN102367135A (en) Fire-proof and water-proof evacuating and escaping elevator
CN102886107A (en) Firefighting and lifesaving device for high-rise building
CN101249300A (en) Hoisting machine escape life saving system for tall building

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
PB01 Publication
C06 Publication
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
C10 Entry into substantive examination
GR01 Patent grant
GR01 Patent grant