WO2023138401A1 - 衣物处理设备及衣物处理设备的控制方法 - Google Patents

衣物处理设备及衣物处理设备的控制方法 Download PDF

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Publication number
WO2023138401A1
WO2023138401A1 PCT/CN2023/070853 CN2023070853W WO2023138401A1 WO 2023138401 A1 WO2023138401 A1 WO 2023138401A1 CN 2023070853 W CN2023070853 W CN 2023070853W WO 2023138401 A1 WO2023138401 A1 WO 2023138401A1
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WIPO (PCT)
Prior art keywords
inner cylinder
hole
gas
treatment device
laundry treatment
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PCT/CN2023/070853
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English (en)
French (fr)
Inventor
赵志强
许升
李文伟
Original Assignee
青岛海尔洗涤电器有限公司
海尔智家股份有限公司
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
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Priority claimed from CN202210066935.4A external-priority patent/CN116516623A/zh
Priority claimed from CN202210068148.3A external-priority patent/CN116516624A/zh
Priority claimed from CN202210068158.7A external-priority patent/CN116516625A/zh
Application filed by 青岛海尔洗涤电器有限公司, 海尔智家股份有限公司 filed Critical 青岛海尔洗涤电器有限公司
Publication of WO2023138401A1 publication Critical patent/WO2023138401A1/zh

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    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D06TREATMENT OF TEXTILES OR THE LIKE; LAUNDERING; FLEXIBLE MATERIALS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • D06FLAUNDERING, DRYING, IRONING, PRESSING OR FOLDING TEXTILE ARTICLES
    • D06F35/00Washing machines, apparatus, or methods not otherwise provided for

Definitions

  • the present invention relates to the field of clothes treatment equipment, and specifically provides a clothes treatment equipment and a control method for the clothes treatment equipment.
  • a gas generating device in order to speed up the dissolution of detergent and the removal of stains on clothes, a gas generating device is usually introduced.
  • the gas outlet of the gas generating device is arranged between the inner cylinder and the outer cylinder.
  • the effect of dissolving and removing stains on clothes is limited.
  • the existing improvement schemes are all aimed at the improvement of the gas generating device or related pipelines, so that there are enough bubbles generated at the gas outlet, or microbubbles are generated.
  • the removal of clothing stains and the solubility of detergents are slightly improved, the effect has not yet reached the level of satisfaction for users.
  • the present invention aims to solve the above-mentioned technical problems, that is, to solve the problems that the existing washing machine needs to significantly improve the effect of removing laundry stains and dissolving detergent.
  • the present invention provides a clothes treatment device, characterized in that the clothes treatment device includes: an inner cylinder, the inner cylinder is provided with a vent hole; a ventilator, the ventilator includes an air inlet and an air outlet; a gas generating device, the gas generating device includes a gas outlet, the gas outlet communicates with the air inlet, and the gas generated by the gas generating device enters the water storage area of the inner cylinder through the air outlet and through the air hole.
  • the clothes treating device further includes a driving device, the driving device is connected to the ventilator, and the ventilator, driven by the driving device, can expand and contract on the inside and outside of the vent hole, wherein, when the ventilator extends into the inside of the vent hole, the air outlet is located in the water storage area.
  • lifting ribs are provided on the inner side wall of the inner tube, a first through hole is formed on the lifting ribs, a cavity is formed around the lifting ribs and the inner side wall, and the ventilation hole is provided in the cavity.
  • the ventilator is a rod body, an air flow channel is formed inside the rod body along its axial direction, the air inlet and the air outlet are both communicated with the air flow channel, the driving device includes a motor and a transmission assembly, and the motor is connected to the rod body through the transmission assembly.
  • the outer cylinder of the clothes processing device is provided with a first installation hole
  • the clothes treatment device also includes a seal
  • the seal includes a flexible cover, the bottom end of the flexible cover is open, and the opening is sealed and connected to the first installation hole
  • the top of the flexible cover is provided with a second installation hole
  • the first end of the rod is connected to the transmission assembly
  • the second end of the rod is set through the second installation hole inside the flexible cover
  • the second installation hole is fixed and sealed with the rod.
  • the sealing member further includes a shell with an open top, the bottom of the shell is sealed and installed in the first installation hole, the bottom of the flexible cover is connected to the inner bottom wall of the shell, the top of the flexible cover is sealed and connected to the opening, the bottom wall of the shell is also formed with a second through hole, the second through hole is provided in the flexible cover, the rod passes through the second through hole, and there is a movable gap with the second through hole; and/or the transmission component is a cam linkage mechanism.
  • the ventilator is a bellows
  • a pressure chamber is formed in the pipe wall of the bellows
  • a pressure port is provided on the pipe wall, the pressure port communicates with the pressure chamber
  • the driving device is a pneumatic device or a hydraulic device, the outlet of the driving device communicates with the pressure port, and one end of the bellows communicates with the gas outlet.
  • the clothes processing device further includes a position sensing device, and the position sensing device is configured to be triggered when the inner cylinder rotates to a set position, so as to control the inner cylinder to stop rotating, so that after the inner cylinder stops rotating, the gas generated by the gas generating device can enter the water storage area of the inner cylinder through the air outlet and through the vent hole.
  • the air outlet is located between the inner cylinder and the outer cylinder of the clothes treatment device, and is arranged corresponding to the ventilation holes.
  • the present invention also provides a method for controlling a clothes treatment device, wherein the clothes treatment device comprises: an inner cylinder, the inner cylinder is provided with a ventilation hole; a ventilation element, the ventilation element includes an air inlet and an air outlet; a gas generating device, the gas generation device includes a gas outlet, the gas outlet communicates with the air inlet, and the gas generated by the gas generation device enters the water storage area of the inner cylinder through the air outlet and through the ventilation hole; the control method includes: during the washing process, controlling the rotation of the inner cylinder; When the inner cylinder rotates to a set position, the inner cylinder is controlled to stop rotating; the gas generating device is controlled to start.
  • the clothes processing equipment of the present invention includes: an inner cylinder, which is provided with a vent hole; a ventilator, the ventilator includes an air inlet and an air outlet; a gas generating device, the gas generating device includes a gas outlet, and the gas outlet communicates with the air inlet, and the gas generated by the gas generating device enters the water storage area of the inner cylinder through the air outlet and through the vent hole.
  • a vent hole is provided on the inner cylinder, and the gas generated by the gas generating device directly enters the water storage area of the inner cylinder through the vent hole, forming high-energy bubbles in the washing/rinsing water, and then forming a large number of cavitation bubbles in the water.
  • Fig. 1 is a structural schematic diagram of a clothes treatment device and a control method for the clothes treatment device of the present invention
  • Fig. 2 is a structural schematic view (1) of a possible implementation of the laundry treatment equipment and the control method of the laundry treatment equipment in the present invention
  • Fig. 3 is a partial enlarged view of A place in Fig. 2;
  • Fig. 4 is a structural schematic diagram (2) of a possible implementation of the laundry treatment equipment and the control method of the laundry treatment equipment in the present invention
  • Fig. 5 is a partial enlarged view of place B in Fig. 4;
  • Fig. 6 is a flow chart of main steps of the control method of the laundry treatment device of the present invention.
  • the clothes processing equipment of the present invention comprises: an inner cylinder 1, which is provided with a ventilation hole 11; a ventilation part 3, which includes an air inlet 31 and an air outlet 32; a gas generating device 4, which includes a gas outlet 41, which is connected to the gas inlet 31, and the gas generated by the gas generating device 4 enters the water storage area of the inner cylinder 1 through the gas outlet 32 and through the ventilation hole 11.
  • the specific forms of the gas generating device 4 include many kinds, for example, the gas generating device 4 can be an air pump, fan or compressor, etc., which can be arranged on the inner wall of the casing of the clothes processing equipment, or on the outer wall of the outer tube 2 of the clothes treating device, etc., preferably, the gas generating device 4 is arranged at a position higher than the liquid level of the water storage area, such as being arranged on the top of the inner wall of the casing, etc., to prevent liquid from pouring into the gas generating device 4.
  • Gas-permeable membrane can allow gas to be discharged from the air outlet 32, but does not allow washing water to enter the ventilator 3 from the air outlet 32.
  • the water-proof and breathable membrane can be a polytetrafluoroethylene diaphragm or a PTFE film.
  • the device 4 can introduce gas.
  • the gas inlet of the gas generating device 4 can be connected to the hole provided on the casing of the laundry treatment device through a tube;
  • the clothes processing equipment of the present invention may have various specific forms, for example, it may be a drum washing machine, a pulsator washing machine, an integrated washing and drying machine, etc., wherein the water storage area is the area of the inner tub 1 for containing washing water, when the clothes processing equipment is a drum washing machine, the water storage area is located at the radial bottom side of the inner tub 1, and when the clothes processing equipment is a pulsator washing machine, the water storage area is located at the axial bottom side of the inner tub 1.
  • the air hole 11 is different from the water permeable hole on the inner cylinder 1, and its aperture is much larger than the water permeable hole. All or most of the gas generated by the gas generating device 4 should be able to enter the water storage area of the inner cylinder 1 through the air hole 11. In addition, the air hole 11 is not the clothing insertion port on the inner cylinder 1. The gas generated enters the water storage area of the inner cylinder 1 through the air hole 11. When the formation of interference problems.
  • the improvement plan is usually to increase the gas volume of the gas generating device 4, or improve the gas generating device 4 to generate microbubbles, etc., but the final use effect has not been significantly improved.
  • the present application sets the vent hole 11 on the inner cylinder 1, and the gas generated by the gas generating device 4 directly enters the water storage area of the inner cylinder 1 through the vent hole 11, forming high-energy bubbles in the washing/rinsing water, and then forming a large number of cavitation bubbles in the water.
  • the present invention adopts the following two possible implementation modes.
  • the laundry processing device further includes a driving device 5, which is connected to the ventilator 3, and the ventilator 3 is driven by the drive device 5 to expand and contract on both sides of the vent hole 11. That is, when it is necessary to introduce gas into the water storage area of the inner cylinder 1, the driving device 5 drives the breather 3 to extend into the water storage area of the inner cylinder 1, and the gas discharged from the air outlet 32 can be directly introduced into the water storage area, making full use of the energy generated by the bubbles to improve the washing effect.
  • the breather 3 is a rod body 33, and the inside of the rod body 33 forms an air flow channel along its axial direction.
  • the air inlet 31 and the air outlet port 32 communicate with the air flow channel.
  • the outer cylinder 2 of the laundry treatment equipment is provided with a first installation hole 21, and the laundry treatment equipment also includes a seal 6.
  • the seal 6 includes a flexible cover 61. The bottom end of the flexible cover 61 is open, and the opening 612 is sealingly connected with the first installation hole 21.
  • the top of the flexible cover 61 is provided with a second installation hole 611.
  • the first end of the rod body 33 is connected to the transmission assembly.
  • the flexible cover when the driving device 5 drives the rod body 33 to extend into the inside of the vent hole 11 (that is, the inside of the inner tube 1 ), the flexible cover can form a seal with the vent hole 11 .
  • the flexible cover 61 is a flexible cover with a cavity formed inside. Its bottom end is open, and the opening 612 communicates with the cavity, and the opening 612 is in sealing connection with the first installation hole 21.
  • the second installation hole 611 is interference fit with the rod body 33, or connected by a gasket.
  • the air inlet 31 of the rod body 33 can be arranged at its first end, or on its side wall, and its air outlet 32 is preferably its second end, and of course it can also be arranged on its side wall.
  • the connecting pipe 7 connected to the gas outlet 41 of the gas generating device 4 can be a bellows or a flexible hose that can be deformed.
  • the driver 5 driver lever body 33 When the gas needs to be imported into the water storage area of the inner tube 1, the driver 5 driver lever body 33 extends into the water storage area where the ventilation is extended to the inner tube 1. At this time, because the rod body 33 and the second installation hole 611 are sealing, the rod body 33 will drive into the direct line of the ventilation holes 11, and it will drive the flexible cover 61 to move towards the ventilation holes.
  • the cover 61 is connected with the ventilation holes 11, so that the flexible cover 61 is sealed with the ventilation hole 11, and then prevent the import of gas from the imported area from the ventilation of the inner tube 1 and the outer cylinder 2, which causes the loss of the air bubble. Especially in the inner tube 1, it can avoid the deterioration of the washing effect. Cheng Sealing can avoid flowing water from the first installation hole 21.
  • the above setting method can achieve two seals of the flexible cover 61 at the same time to form a vertical holes 11 and the first installation hole 21. One part can be used to achieve a variety of uses to reduce the cost of use.
  • the sealing member 6 also includes a housing 62 with a top opening 621.
  • the bottom end of the housing 62 is sealed and installed in the first installation hole 21.
  • There are various ways of sealing connection for example, through the interference fit between the housing 62 and the first installation hole 21, or by sealing gaskets, etc., the bottom end of the flexible cover 61 is connected with the inner bottom wall of the housing 62, and the top of the flexible cover 61 is sealed and connected with the opening 621, such as through a corrugated rubber body connection, or through a flat silicone body connection, etc., the shell 62
  • a second through hole 622 is also formed on the inner bottom wall.
  • the second through hole 622 is disposed in the flexible cover 61 .
  • the rod body 33 passes through the second through hole 622 , and there is a movable gap with the second through hole 622 so that the rod body 33 can move in the second through hole 622 .
  • the bottom end of the flexible cover 61 is sealed and connected to the first installation hole 21 through the bottom wall of the housing 62, thereby preventing the washing water from flowing out from the first installation hole 21, and its top is sealed and connected with the opening 621, which can prevent the washing water from entering the inside of the housing 62, thereby ensuring that the internal parts are not in long-term contact with the washing water, protecting the internal parts from damage, and improving their service life;
  • Middle the above-mentioned overall design of the sealing member 6 requires less structural modification of the inner cylinder 1 and the outer cylinder 2, and is easy to install and disassemble.
  • a spring is provided in the flexible cover 61 , one end of the spring is connected to the inner top wall of the flexible cover 61 , and the other end of the spring is connected to the inner bottom wall of the shell 62 , so as to support the flexible cover 61 .
  • the transmission assembly is a cam link mechanism 52 , that is, the motor 51 is connected to the first end of the rod body 33 through the cam link mechanism 52 .
  • the cam-link mechanism 52 includes a cam and a connecting rod, the output shaft of the motor 51 is fixedly connected to the cam, the cam is hinged to the connecting rod, and the connecting rod is hinged to the first end of the rod body 33, so that when the output shaft of the motor 51 rotates, it can drive the rod body 33 to do linear motion, so that the rod body 33 can shrink on the inner and outer sides of the vent hole 11.
  • the air inlet 31 of the breather 3 can be arranged on the side wall of the rod body 33, and the end of the rod body 33 away from the inner tube 1 has no opening, and is hinged with the connecting rod.
  • the fixing mode of motor 51 comprises multiple, for example, support can be set on the outer wall of urceolus 2 or casing, and motor 51 is fixedly arranged on the support;
  • the embodiment in which the driving device 5 drives the breather 3 to expand and contract on both sides of the air hole 11 is not limited to the above embodiments, for example, as shown in Figure 4 and Figure 5, possibly, the breather 3 is a bellows 34, a pressure chamber 341 is formed in the wall of the bellows 34, a pressure port 342 is provided on the pipe wall, the pressure port 342 communicates with the pressure chamber 341, the drive device 5 is a pneumatic device or a hydraulic device, and the outlet of the drive device 5 communicates with the pressure port 342, the bellows 3 One end of 4 communicates with the gas outlet 41 , in this case, the other end of the bellows 34 is its gas outlet 32 .
  • the specific form of the pneumatic device includes many kinds, for example, it can be an air pump or any device that can inhale and blow air that may appear in the existing or future.
  • the hydraulic device can include a two-way hydraulic pump and a hydraulic tank. The outlet of the hydraulic tank is connected to the first opening of the two-way hydraulic pump, and the second opening of the hydraulic pump is connected to the pressure port 342. , the two-way hydraulic pump acts, so that the hydraulic oil flows back into the hydraulic tank from the pressure chamber 341 through the pressure port 342, the second opening and the first opening, or the hydraulic device can be a piston hydraulic cylinder, which includes a cylinder, a piston, a connecting rod and a driver.
  • the connecting rod is connected to the piston, and the other end is connected to the driving part outside the cylinder through the mounting hole.
  • the hydraulic oil is arranged in the first chamber.
  • the driving part is any device that can drive the piston to move linearly through the connecting rod, such as a combination of a motor and a rack and pinion. becomes larger, the hydraulic oil in the pressure chamber 341 is sucked back to the first chamber through the oil hole, or the hydraulic device can also be any existing or future device that can realize oil discharge and oil suction.
  • the wall of the corrugated tube 34 of the present invention may be all corrugated, or partly corrugated, for example, the middle part is corrugated, and the tube surfaces at both ends are flat.
  • the bellows 34 may be sealed in the first installation hole 21.
  • one end of the bellows 34 is not provided with corrugations, and a ring-shaped metal sheet is fastened around the end, and the first installation hole 21 on the outer cylinder 2 is sealed and connected to the metal sheet through a gasket, or the bellows 34 is directly bonded to the first installation hole 21 by waterproof glue.
  • the bellows 34 can extend out of the first installation hole 21 and the pressure port 342 is arranged on the pipe wall outside the first installation hole 21 , so as to facilitate the connection of the pressure port 342 and the outlet of the driving device 5 .
  • the pneumatic device or the hydraulic device When it is necessary to introduce gas into the water storage area of the inner cylinder 1, the pneumatic device or the hydraulic device operates to make the gas or hydraulic oil enter the pressure chamber 341 of the bellows 34 from the pressure port 342 to realize the pressurization in the pressure chamber 341, so that the bellows 34 begins to elongate, and then the bellows 34 can be extended into the vent hole 11.
  • the oil is discharged from the pressure port 342, so that the pressure in the pressure chamber 341 is released, and then the bellows 34 is retracted to the outside of the inner cylinder 1 to prevent interference.
  • the above-mentioned flexible cover can be further provided, that is, the bottom opening of the flexible cover is sealed and connected to the first mounting hole 21, and one end of the bellows 34 is sealed and connected to the first mounting hole 21. sealed. Furthermore, the gas introduced into the water storage area is prevented from escaping from the air hole 11 to the space between the inner cylinder 1 and the outer cylinder 2, resulting in the loss of the amount of air bubbles.
  • the inner wall of the inner cylinder 1 of the present invention is provided with lifting ribs 12, the lifting ribs 12 are provided with a first through hole, the lifting ribs 12 and the inner side wall are surrounded to form a cavity, and the vent hole 11 is arranged in the cavity.
  • the function of the lifting ribs 12 is to bring the clothes to a high place when the inner tube 1 is rotated, and form a beating up and down, so as to achieve the purpose of washing the clothes.
  • the present invention utilizes the original structure of the clothes processing equipment - lifting ribs 12, so that after the ventilator 3 is inserted into the water storage area of the inner tube 1 through the vent hole 11, since the vent hole 11 is arranged in the cavity formed by the inner side wall of the lifting rib 12 and the inner tube 1, the contact between the clothes and the ventilator 3 can be avoided, that is, the interference between the ventilator 3 and the clothes can be avoided, and the possible wear and tear of the ventilator 3 and the damage to the clothes can be avoided.
  • the air outlet 32 of the ventilation element 3 is located between the inner cylinder 1 and the outer cylinder 2, and is arranged corresponding to the ventilation hole 11, that is, the gas enters the water storage area of the inner cylinder 1 directly from the air outlet 32 of the ventilation element 3 through the ventilation hole 11.
  • the concrete form of breather 3 comprises multiple, for example, can be hollow rod body, and one end (air inlet 31) of rod body is connected with the gas outlet 41 of gas generating device 4, and the other end is gas outlet 32, and gas outlet 32 is provided with vent hole 11 correspondingly, perhaps, breather 3 can be the connecting pipe 7 that is directly connected with the gas outlet 41 of gas generating device 4, and one end of the gas outlet of this connecting pipe 7 directly stretches into inner cylinder 1 and outer cylinder from first mounting hole 21 2, and corresponding to the ventilation hole 11, the above-mentioned ventilation member 3 and the first installation hole 21 can be directly sealed and connected by a gasket; or, the ventilation member 3 is the first installation hole 21, and the first installation hole 21 is set corresponding to the ventilation hole 11.
  • the first installation hole 21 extends from the inner wall of the outer cylinder 2 to the inner cylinder 1 by a predetermined length, and the gas outlet 41 of the gas generating device 4 is sealed and connected to the first installation hole 21.
  • the connecting pipe 7 may not extend through the first mounting hole 21, but extend through the hole provided on the window mat connected to the outer cylinder mouth and the casing to form an effective seal, and then the gas outlet 32 of the connecting pipe 7 is set correspondingly to the ventilation hole 11.
  • the washing effect is only slightly attenuated, but it can avoid the interference between the ventilator 3 and the clothes, and avoid the wear and tear on the ventilator 3 and the damage to the clothes.
  • the installation of the drive device 5 can be omitted, reducing the cost of use.
  • this arrangement will not hinder the rotation of the inner cylinder 1, and the gas generating device 4 can be activated all the time when the inner cylinder 1 is rotating, and when the air outlet 32 of the ventilator 3 is opposite to the air hole 11 of the inner cylinder 1, the decontamination ability of the clothes is the best.
  • the laundry treatment device further includes a position sensing device, which is configured to be triggered when the inner cylinder 1 rotates to a set position, so as to control the inner cylinder 1 to stop rotating, so that after the inner cylinder 1 stops rotating, the gas generated by the gas generating device 4 can enter the water storage area of the inner cylinder 1 through the air outlet 32 and through the air hole 11.
  • a position sensing device which is configured to be triggered when the inner cylinder 1 rotates to a set position, so as to control the inner cylinder 1 to stop rotating, so that after the inner cylinder 1 stops rotating, the gas generated by the gas generating device 4 can enter the water storage area of the inner cylinder 1 through the air outlet 32 and through the air hole 11.
  • the above-mentioned setting position can be the position when the air hole 11 is opposite to the air outlet 32.
  • the rotation speed of the inner cylinder 1 is required to be relatively slow.
  • the above-mentioned set position is the preset distance before the inner cylinder 1 rotates to the relative position of the air hole 11 and the air outlet 32, that is, the preset distance before the inner cylinder 1 rotates to the corresponding position of the air hole 11 and the air outlet 32.
  • the position sensing device is triggered to send a trigger signal, and the controller receives the trigger signal. Control the inner cylinder 1 to stop rotating.
  • the inner cylinder 1 After the inner cylinder 1 stops rotating, due to the relatively high speed of the inner cylinder 1, the inner cylinder 1 will continue to rotate for a preset distance, and stop rotating after the inner cylinder 1 rotates for a preset distance.
  • the vent hole 11 is just opposite to the air outlet 32, so as to ensure that the ventilator 3 can extend into the interior of the inner cylinder 1 through the vent hole 11 or the air outlet 32 between the inner cylinder 1 and the outer cylinder 2 is just opposite to the vent hole 11 of the inner cylinder 1, thereby ensuring that the gas enters the water storage area of the inner cylinder 1 from the vent hole 11 .
  • the concrete form of position sensing device comprises multiple, for example, position sensing device comprises Hall sensor and magnet, and Hall sensor is arranged on the outer wall of outer tube 2, and magnet is arranged on the outer wall of inner tube 1, and when inner tube 1 rotates to set position, the position of Hall sensor and magnet is relative, so that trigger signal;
  • the positions are relative to each other to trigger the signal; or, the position sensor includes a signal switch and a signal contact, the signal switch is arranged at the mouth of the outer cylinder, and the signal contact is arranged at the mouth of the inner cylinder, and when the inner cylinder 1 rotates to a set position, the signal switch contacts the signal contact to trigger the signal.
  • the present invention also provides a control method of a clothes treatment device, the control method comprising:
  • Step S100 During the washing process, control the rotation of the inner tub.
  • Step S200 When the inner cylinder rotates to a set position, control the inner cylinder to stop rotating.
  • Step S300 Control the start of the gas generating device.
  • a bubble program that introduces gas into the inner cylinder can be added to the washing program of the laundry treatment equipment.
  • the motor that controls the rotation of the inner cylinder will rotate according to the preset rotation-stop ratio. Introduce gas to improve washing effect.
  • the set position is the set position introduced in the above embodiment, and there are many ways to determine that the inner cylinder rotates to the set position. For example, by setting the above-mentioned position sensing device, it is also possible to determine when the inner cylinder rotates to the set position based on the rotational speed and time of the motor that drives the inner cylinder to rotate, that is, the rotational speed and time of the motor determine the rotational position of the inner cylinder.
  • the start of the gas generating device can be directly controlled, so that most of the gas enters the water storage area of the inner cylinder through the air outlet of the ventilation part and the air hole of the inner cylinder in order to improve the washing effect.
  • the laundry processing device further includes a driving device
  • the driving device is connected to the ventilating element, and the ventilating element can expand and contract on both sides of the vent hole under the drive of the driving device.
  • the step of “controlling the inner cylinder to stop rotating” the step of “controlling the driving device to drive the breather to extend into the inside of the vent hole” is also included, and then the gas generating device is controlled to start, so that the gas is directly introduced into the water storage area of the inner cylinder through the air outlet of the breather, so as to improve the decontamination ability and the washing effect.
  • the step of “controlling the start of the gas generating device” the step of “controlling the driving device to drive the ventilator to retract to the outside of the vent hole after the preset time has elapsed” is also included, wherein the above preset time can be set by the user, or can be converted based on the preset time period before the inner drum rotates according to the preset rotation-stop ratio in the original washing program of the washing machine. After air bubble washing, it can not interfere with the rotation of the inner cylinder, and then complete the efficient washing of clothes.
  • the present invention is introduced with a flexible cover, this is not intended to limit the scope of protection of the present invention.
  • Its setting method can be adjusted, such as omitting the setting of the flexible cover, and the first end of the rod body 33 is connected with the first installation hole through a flexible sealing gasket, that is, the moving distance of the rod body 33 is compensated by the flexible sealing gasket.
  • the present invention is formed with the second through hole 622 on the bottom wall of the shell 62, the second through hole 622 is located in the flexible cover 61, the body of rod 33 passes through the second through hole 622, and leaves the movable gap with the second through hole 622 to introduce, but this is not intended to limit the scope of protection of the present invention, as can save the setting of the shell 62, the rod body 33 passes through the first mounting hole 21, the first mounting hole 21 and the rod body 33 have a movable gap, and the bottom sealing cover of the flexible cover 61 is located at The periphery of the first mounting hole 21, etc., all of which do not deviate from the principle of the present invention, are within the protection scope of the present invention.
  • the driving device 5 of the present invention is introduced with a motor 51 and a cam linkage mechanism 52, this is not intended to limit the protection scope of the present invention, and its setting method can be adjusted.
  • the driving device 5 can be a motor 51 and a rack and pinion mechanism.
  • the moving part is set in the groove to guide the rack, etc.
  • the rod body 33 may not be in sealing connection with the first mounting hole 21 , but the rack is in sealing connection with the first mounting hole 21 , all of which do not deviate from the principle of the present invention and are within the protection scope of the present invention.
  • the above clothes processing device includes some other known structures, such as processor, controller, memory, etc., wherein the memory includes but not limited to random access memory, flash memory, read-only memory, programmable read-only memory, volatile memory, non-volatile memory, serial memory, parallel memory or registers, etc., and the processor includes but not limited to CPLD/FPGA, DSP, ARM processor, MIPS processor, etc.
  • the memory includes but not limited to random access memory, flash memory, read-only memory, programmable read-only memory, volatile memory, non-volatile memory, serial memory, parallel memory or registers, etc.
  • the processor includes but not limited to CPLD/FPGA, DSP, ARM processor, MIPS processor, etc.

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  • Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • Textile Engineering (AREA)
  • Accessory Of Washing/Drying Machine, Commercial Washing/Drying Machine, Other Washing/Drying Machine (AREA)

Abstract

一种衣物处理设备及衣物处理设备的控制方法,旨在解决现有的洗衣机去除衣物污渍和对洗涤剂的溶解效果有待明显提高的问题。为此目的,衣物处理设备包括:内筒(1),内筒(1)上设有通气孔(11);通气件(3),通气件(3)包括进气口(31)和出气口(32);气体发生装置(4),气体发生装置(4)包括气体出口(41),气体出口(41)与进气口(31)相连通,气体发生装置(4)产生的气体由出气口(32)并经过通气孔(11)进入至内筒(1)的储水区。上述设置方式,能够高效剥离衣物上的脏污,减少洗涤剂的使用量以及残留,去污以及对洗涤剂的溶解效果得到了明显的提高。

Description

衣物处理设备及衣物处理设备的控制方法
本申请要求2022年01月20日提交的、申请号为CN202210068158.7、CN202210068148.3、CN202210066935.4的中国专利申请的优先权,上述中国专利申请的全文内容通过引用的方式并入本申请。
技术领域
本发明涉及衣物处理设备领域,具体提供一种衣物处理设备及衣物处理设备的控制方法。
背景技术
现有的洗衣机,通常会通过加入洗涤剂来达到对衣物去除污渍的目的,洗涤剂主要是通过其化学成分来进行去污的,洗涤剂是否能够充分溶解,影响着衣物的洗涤效果,如若洗涤剂不能够充分溶解,则会导致其残留在衣物上,从而造成对衣物的损伤。
现有技术中,为了加快洗涤剂的溶解和对衣物上污渍的去除,通常会引入气体发生装置,气体发生装置的气体出口设置在内筒和外筒之间,如,气体发生装置直接设置在外筒的内侧壁上,其气体出口产生的气泡直接发射到内筒与外筒之间,或者,气体发生装置设置在外筒的外部,通过管路将气泡引入内筒和外筒之间,然后,气泡通过内筒的透水孔进入到内筒中,但是,上述设置方式对洗涤剂的溶解和衣物上污渍的去除的效果却有限。
为了解决上述问题,现有的改进方案,均是针对气体发生装置或者相关管路的改进,从而使气体出口产生的气泡足够多,或者产生微气泡,虽然对去除衣物污渍和对洗涤剂的溶解度稍有提高,但是,其效果还没有达到让用户满意的程度。
相应地,本领域需要一种新的衣物处理设备及衣物处理设备的控制方法来解决现有的洗衣机去除衣物污渍和对洗涤剂的溶解效果有待明显提高 的问题。
发明内容
本发明旨在解决上述技术问题,即,解决现有的洗衣机去除衣物污渍和对洗涤剂的溶解效果有待明显提高的问题。
在第一方面,本发明提供一种衣物处理设备,其特征在于,所述衣物处理设备包括:内筒,所述内筒上设有通气孔;通气件,所述通气件包括进气口和出气口;气体发生装置,所述气体发生装置包括气体出口,所述气体出口与所述进气口相连通,所述气体发生装置产生的气体由所述出气口并经过所述通气孔进入至所述内筒的储水区。
在上述衣物处理设备的优选技术方案中,所述衣物处理设备还包括驱动装置,所述驱动装置与所述通气件相连,所述通气件在所述驱动装置的驱动下,能够在所述通气孔的内外两侧伸缩,其中,当所述通气件伸入所述通气孔的内侧时,所述出气口位于所述储水区。
在上述衣物处理设备的优选技术方案中,所述内筒的内侧壁上设有提升筋,所述提升筋上设有第一通孔,所述提升筋与所述内侧壁围设形成腔室,所述通气孔设于所述腔室中。
在上述衣物处理设备的优选技术方案中,所述通气件为杆体,所述杆体内部沿其轴向形成气流通道,所述进气口和所述出气口均与所述气流通道相通,所述驱动装置包括电机和传动组件,所述电机通过所述传动组件与所述杆体相连。
在上述衣物处理设备的优选技术方案中,所述衣物处理设备的外筒上设有第一安装孔,所述衣物处理设备还包括密封件,所述密封件包括柔性罩,所述柔性罩的底端敞口,且所述敞口与所述第一安装孔密封连接,所述柔性罩的顶端设有第二安装孔,所述杆体的第一端与所述传动组件相连,所述杆体的第二端由所述柔性罩内部穿出所述第二安装孔设置,且所述第二安装孔与所述杆体固定密封连接,在所述驱动装置驱动所述杆体伸入所述通气孔的内侧时,所述柔性罩能够与所述通气孔形成密封。
在上述衣物处理设备的优选技术方案中,所述密封件还包括顶端开 口的外壳,所述外壳的底端密封安装于所述第一安装孔,所述柔性罩的底端与所述外壳的内底壁相连,所述柔性罩的顶端与所述开口密封连接,所述外壳的底壁上还形成有第二通孔,所述第二通孔设于所述柔性罩中,所述杆体穿过所述第二通孔,且与所述第二通孔留有活动间隙;并且/或者所述传动组件为凸轮连杆机构。
在上述衣物处理设备的优选技术方案中,所述通气件为波纹管,所述波纹管的管壁内形成压力腔,所述管壁上设有压力口,所述压力口与所述压力腔相通,所述驱动装置为气动装置或液压装置,所述驱动装置的出口与所述压力口相连通,所述波纹管的一端与所述气体出口相连通。
在上述衣物处理设备的优选技术方案中,所述衣物处理设备还包括位置传感装置,所述位置传感装置被设置成,在所述内筒转动到设定位置时被触发,以控制所述内筒停止转动,使得在所述内筒停止转动后,所述气体发生装置产生的气体能够由所述出气口并经过所述通气孔进入至所述内筒的储水区。
在上述衣物处理设备的优选技术方案中,所述出气口位于所述内筒和所述衣物处理设备的外筒之间,且与所述通气孔对应设置。
另一方面,本发明还提供了一种衣物处理设备的控制方法,其特征在于,所述衣物处理设备包括:内筒,所述内筒上设有通气孔;通气件,所述通气件包括进气口和出气口;气体发生装置,所述气体发生装置包括气体出口,所述气体出口与所述进气口相连通,所述气体发生装置产生的气体由所述出气口并经过所述通气孔进入至所述内筒的储水区;所述控制方法包括:在洗涤过程中,控制所述内筒转动;在所述内筒转动到设定位置时,控制所述内筒停止转动;控制所述气体发生装置启动。
可以理解的是,本发明的衣物处理设备包括:内筒,内筒上设有通气孔;通气件,通气件包括进气口和出气口;气体发生装置,气体发生装置包括气体出口,气体出口与进气口相连通,气体发生装置产生的气体由出气口并经过通气孔进入至内筒的储水区。
本申请通过在内筒上设置通气孔,气体发生装置产生的气体直接经过该通气孔进入至内筒的储水区中,在洗涤/漂洗水中形成高能气泡,进而在水中形成大量的空化气泡,数千亿计的刚性空泡炸裂,随即产生强 大的冲击力,高效剥离衣物上的脏污,减少洗涤剂的使用量以及残留,去污以及对洗涤剂的溶解效果得到了明显的提高。
附图说明
下面结合附图来描述本发明的优选实施方式,附图中:
图1是本发明的衣物处理设备及衣物处理设备的控制方法的结构示意图;
图2是本发明的衣物处理设备及衣物处理设备的控制方法的一种可能的实施方式的结构示意图(一);
图3是图2的A处的局部放大图;
图4是本发明的衣物处理设备及衣物处理设备的控制方法的一种可能的实施方式的结构示意图(二);
图5是图4中B处的局部放大图;
图6是本发明的衣物处理设备的控制方法的主要步骤流程图。
附图标记列表:
1-内筒;11-通气孔;12-提升筋;2-外筒;21-第一安装孔;3-通气件;31-进气口;32-出气口;33-杆体;34-波纹管;341-压力腔;342-压力口;4-气体发生装置;41-气体出口;5-驱动装置;51-电机;52-凸轮连杆机构;6-密封件;61-柔性罩;611-第二安装孔;612-敞口;62-外壳;621-开口;622-第二通孔;7-连接管。
具体实施方式
下面参照附图来描述本发明的优选实施方式。本领域技术人员应当理解的是,这些实施方式仅仅用于解释本发明的技术原理,并非旨在限制本发明的保护范围。本领域技术人员可以根据需要对其作出调整,以便适应具体的应用场合。
需要说明的是,在本发明的描述中,术语“顶”、“底”等指示的方向或位置关系的术语是基于附图所示的方向或位置关系,这仅仅是为了便于描述,而不是指示或暗示所述装置必须具有特定的方位、以特定 的方位构造和操作,因此不能理解为对本发明的限制。此外,术语“第一”、“第二”仅用于描述目的,而不能理解为指示或暗示相对重要性。
此外,还需要说明的是,在本发明的描述中,除非另有明确的规定和限定,术语“安装”、“相连”、“连接”、“连通”应做广义理解,例如,可以是固定连接,也可以是可拆卸连接,或一体地连接;可以是直接相连,也可以通过中间媒介间接相连。对于本领域技术人员而言,可根据具体情况理解上述术语在本发明中的具体含义。
如图1所示,为了解决现有的洗衣机去除衣物污渍和对洗涤剂的溶解效果有待明显提高的问题。本发明的衣物处理设备包括:内筒1,内筒1上设有通气孔11;通气件3,通气件3包括进气口31和出气口32;气体发生装置4,气体发生装置4包括气体出口41,气体出口41与进气口31相连通,气体发生装置4产生的气体由出气口32并经过通气孔11进入至内筒1的储水区。
其中,气体发生装置4的具体形式包括多种,例如,气体发生装置4可以为气泵、风机或压缩机等,其可以设置在衣物处理设备的机壳的内壁上,也可以设置在衣物处理设备的外筒2的外壁上等,优选地,气体发生装置4设于高于储水区液面的位置,如设置在机壳的内壁顶部等,以防止液体倒灌入气体发生装置4中,当然,可以在通气件3的出气口32等位置设置隔水透气膜,即能够允许气体由出气口32排出,但不允许洗涤水由出气口32进入至通气件3中,隔水透气膜可以为聚四氟乙烯膜片或者PTFE膜等,此种情况下,对气体发生装置4在机壳和外筒2上的设置位置可以不做限制;其中,气体发生装置4的气体出口41可以通过连接管7与通气件3的进气口31连接,也可以与通气件3的进气口31直接连接等,气体发生装置4引入气体的方式包括多种,例如,当气体发生装置4设于外筒2的外侧壁上时,气体发生装置4的气体进口可以通过管与衣物处理设备的机壳上的开设的孔相连接;当气体发生装置4设于机壳的内壁上时,气体发生装置4的气体进口可以直接与机壳上的开设的孔相连接等。
此外,本发明的衣物处理设备的具体形式包括多种,例如,可以为滚筒洗衣机、波轮洗衣机、洗干一体机等,其中,储水区为内筒1用于 容纳洗涤水的区域,当衣物处理设备为滚筒洗衣机时,储水区位于内筒1的径向底侧,当衣物处理设备为波轮洗衣机时,储水区位于内筒1的轴向底侧。
此外,可以理解的是,通气孔11不同于内筒1上的透水孔,其孔径远远大于透水孔,气体发生装置4产生的气体应能全部或者大部分由该通气孔11进入到内筒1的储水区中,此外,通气孔11也并非内筒1上的衣物投放口,产生的气体通过通气孔11进入内筒1的储水区,相较于通过衣物投放口进入内筒1的储水区,不存在投放或取出衣物时形成干涉的问题。
由于现有技术的气体发生装置4的气体出口41产生的气泡直接发射到内筒1与外筒2之间,对洗涤剂的溶解和衣物上污渍的去除效果有限,改进方案通常为,通过加大气体发生装置4的气量,或者,改进气体发生装置4,使其产生微气泡等,但最后使用效果却没有得到显著的提高。
申请人经过研究发现,气泡由外筒2通过内筒1上的透水孔进入到内筒1中的概率很小,而且实验证明,即使不是较大的气泡,而是非常细小的微气泡也很难有效的进入到内筒1中。即,本申请发现了对洗涤剂的溶解和衣物上污渍的去除效果较差的主要原因,并不在于产生的气泡量的多少,以及产生的气泡量的大小,而是在于内筒1上透水孔使气泡无法有效进入到内筒1中。
基于上述本领域技术人员未发现的问题,本申请通过在内筒1上设置通气孔11,气体发生装置4产生的气体直接经过该通气孔11进入至内筒1的储水区中,在洗涤/漂洗水中形成高能气泡,进而在水中形成大量的空化气泡,数千亿计的刚性空泡炸裂,随即产生强大的冲击力,高效剥离衣物上的脏污,减少洗涤剂的使用量以及残留,去污以及对洗涤剂的溶解效果得到了明显的提高。
为了避免通气件3对内筒1的转动形成干涉,进而影响洗涤工作,本发明采用了以下两种可能的实施方式。
第一种可能的实施方式,衣物处理设备还包括驱动装置5,驱动装置5与通气件3相连,通气件3在驱动装置5的驱动下,能够在通气孔11的内外两侧伸缩,当通气件3由通气孔11伸入至内筒1的储水区时,通 气件3的出气口32位于内筒1的储水区。即当需要向内筒1的储水区导入气体时,驱动装置5驱动通气件3伸入内筒1的储水区中,出气口32排出的气体能够直接导入储水区,充分利用气泡产生的能量,以提高洗涤效果,当不需要向内筒1的储水区内导入气体时,驱动装置5驱动通气件3由内筒1的储水区缩回至内筒1的外部,以避免对内筒1的转动形成干涉。
如图2和图3所示,可能地,通气件3为杆体33,杆体33内部沿其轴向形成气流通道,进气口31和出气口32均与气流通道相通,驱动装置5包括电机51和传动组件(例如下文介绍的凸轮连杆机构52),电机51通过传动组件与杆体33相连,以驱动杆体33在通气孔11的内外两侧收缩。衣物处理设备的外筒2上设有第一安装孔21,衣物处理设备还包括密封件6,密封件6包括柔性罩61,柔性罩61的底端敞口,且敞口612与第一安装孔21密封连接,柔性罩61的顶端设有第二安装孔611,杆体33的第一端与传动组件相连,杆体33的第二端由柔性罩61内部穿出第二安装孔611设置,且第二安装孔611与杆体33固定密封连接,在驱动装置5驱动杆体33伸入通气孔11的内侧时(即内筒1的内部),柔性罩能够与通气孔11形成密封。可以理解的是,柔性罩61为内部形成空腔的一个柔性的罩体,其底端敞口,该敞口612与空腔相通,且该敞口612与第一安装孔21密封连接,其顶端指的是远离敞口612的一侧,其中,柔性罩61的罩壁优选为波纹状,当然与可以非波纹状,柔性罩61的材质可以为橡胶或者硅胶等,第二安装孔611与杆体33固定密封的方式包括多种,例如第二安装孔611与杆体33过盈配合,或者通过密封垫连接等。此外,杆体33的进气口31可以设于其第一端,也可以设于其侧壁上,其出气口32优选为其第二端,当然也可以设置在其侧壁上。此种情况下,为了有效保证杆体33能够伸缩,与气体发生装置4的气体出口41连接的连接管7可以为波纹管或者能够发生形变的软管。
当需要向内筒1的储水区导入气体时,驱动装置5驱动杆体33由通气孔11伸入至内筒1的储水区,此时,由于杆体33与第二安装孔611固定密封连接,在杆体33做朝向通气孔11伸入的直线运动时,会带动柔性罩61共同朝向通气孔11方向运动,直至柔性罩61与通气孔11抵接, 从而使柔性罩61与通气孔11形成密封,进而防止导入储水区的气体由通气孔11逸出至内筒1与外筒2之间,导致气泡量的损失,尤其是在内筒1中的衣物量较多时,能够避免洗涤效果的变差,此外,由于柔性罩61的底端与第一安装孔21形成密封,能够避免洗涤水由第一安装孔21流出,上述设置方式,能够实现柔性罩61同时形成通气孔11和第一安装孔21的两处密封,一个零件实现多种用途,降低使用成本。
进一步地,密封件6还包括顶端开口621的外壳62,外壳62的底端密封安装于第一安装孔21,其密封连接的方式包括多种,例如,通过外壳62与第一安装孔21过盈配合,或者通过密封垫等方式进行密封,柔性罩61的底端与外壳62的内底壁相连,柔性罩61的顶端与开口621密封连接,如通过波纹状的橡胶体连接,或者通过平整的硅胶体连接等,外壳62的内底壁上还形成有第二通孔622,第二通孔622设于柔性罩61中,杆体33穿过第二通孔622,且与第二通孔622留有活动间隙,以使杆体33在第二通孔622中可移动。
其中,柔性罩61的底端是通过外壳62的底壁与第一安装孔21密封连接的,从而能够防止洗涤水由第一安装孔21流出,其顶端与开口621密封连接,能够避免洗涤水进入至外壳62内部,从而保证内部零件不与洗涤水长期接触,保护内部零件不受损坏,提高其使用寿命;外壳62的底壁的第二通孔622的设置,能够限定杆体33做直线运动,实现杆体33精准插入至通气孔11中;上述的密封件6的整体设计,对内筒1和外筒2的结构改造较小,且便于安装拆卸。进一步地,柔性罩61内还设有弹簧,弹簧的一端与柔性罩61的内顶壁连接,弹簧的另一端与外壳62的内底壁相连,从而实现对柔性罩61的支撑。
可能地,传动组件为凸轮连杆机构52,即电机51通过凸轮连杆机构52与杆体33的第一端相连。可以理解的是,凸轮连杆机构52包括凸轮和连杆,电机51的输出轴与凸轮固定连接,凸轮与连杆相铰接,连杆与杆体33的第一端铰接,从而在电机51的输出轴转动时,能够带动杆体33做直线运动,实现杆体33在通气孔11的内外两侧收缩。其中,通气件3的进气口31可以设置在杆体33的侧壁上,杆体33的远离内筒1的一端不设开口,且与连杆铰接。其中,电机51的固定方式包括多种,例 如,可以在外筒2的外侧壁或机壳上设置支架,电机51固定设置在支架上;或者电机51直接设置在机壳内壁或外筒2外壁上等。
此外,驱动装置5驱动通气件3在通气孔11的内外两侧伸缩的实施方式不仅限于以上的实施方式,例如,如图4和图5所示,可能地,通气件3为波纹管34,波纹管34的管壁内形成压力腔341,管壁上设有压力口342,压力口342与压力腔341相通,驱动装置5为气动装置或液压装置,驱动装置5的出口与压力口342相连通,波纹管34的一端与气体出口41相连通,此种情况下,波纹管34的另一端则为其出气口32。
其中,气动装置的具体形式包括多种,例如,可以为气泵或者为现有的或者未来可能出现的任何能够吸气以及吹气的装置,液压装置可以包括双向液压泵和液压箱,液压箱的出口与双向液压泵的第一开口相连接,液压泵的第二开口与压力口342相连接,即当需要喷入液压油时,双向液压泵动作,使液压箱中的液压油由第一开口、第二开口、压力口342流入压力腔341中,当需要泄液压油时,双向液压泵动作,使液压油由压力腔341依次经过压力口342、第二开口和第一开口流回至液压箱中,或者,液压装置可以为活塞式液压缸,即包括缸体、活塞、连杆和驱动件,缸体上设有油孔和安装孔,油孔与压力口342连接,活塞设于缸体内,在缸体轴向上可密封滑动,且将缸体内的空腔分隔为第一腔室和第二腔室,油孔位于第一腔室中,安装孔位于第二腔室中且设于缸体的端部,连杆的一端与活塞连接,另一端穿过安装孔与缸体外部的驱动件连接,液压油设于第一腔室中,驱动件为能够通过连杆驱动活塞做直线运动的任何装置,如为电机和齿轮齿条的组合形式等,当驱动件驱动活塞朝向第一腔室运动时,第一腔室的体积变小,液压油由油孔排出至压力腔341中,当驱动件驱动活塞朝向第二腔室运动时,第一腔室的体积变大,压力腔341中的液压油由油孔被吸回至第一腔室,或者,液压装置还可以为现有的或者未来可能出现的任何能够实现排油和吸油的装置。
此外,可以理解的是,本发明的波纹管34的管壁可以全部为波纹状,也可以部分为波纹状,例如,其中部为波纹状,两端管面平整。波纹管34密封设置于第一安装孔21的方式包括多种,例如,波纹管34的一端不设波纹,且该端外围紧固套设有环状的金属片,外筒2上的第一安装 孔21与该金属片通过密封垫密封连接,或者,波纹管34直接与第一安装孔21通过防水胶粘接等。其中,波纹管34可以伸出第一安装孔21设置,且压力口342设于第一安装孔21外侧的管壁上,从而便于压力口342与驱动装置5的出口的连接。
当需要向内筒1的储水区导入气体时,气动装置或液压装置动作,使气体或液压油由压力口342进入至波纹管34的压力腔341中,实现压力腔341内的增压,从而波纹管34开始伸长,进而能够使波纹管34伸入至通气孔11中,当不需要向内筒1的储水区导入气体时,气动装置或液压装置进行泄压操作,使压力腔341中的气体或液压油由压力口342排出,从而使得压力腔341内泄压,进而实现波纹管34缩回至内筒1的外部,以防形成干涉。
此种情况下,也可以进一步地设置上述的柔性罩,即柔性罩的底端敞口与第一安装孔21密封连接,波纹管34的一端与第一安装孔21密封连接,波纹管34的另一端由柔性罩的内部穿出柔性罩顶端的第二安装孔611,且第二安装孔611与波纹管34密封连接,在驱动装置5驱动波纹管34伸入通气孔11的内侧时,柔性罩能够与通气孔11形成密封。进而防止导入储水区的气体由通气孔11逸出至内筒1与外筒2之间,导致气泡量的损失。
作为一种优选的实施方式,本发明的内筒1的内侧壁上设有提升筋12,提升筋12上设有第一通孔,提升筋12与内侧壁围设形成腔室,通气孔11设于腔室中。可以理解的是,提升筋12的作用是在内筒1转动时将衣物带到高处,形成上下摔打,以达到洗净衣物的目的。
参照图1,本发明利用衣物处理设备的原有结构-提升筋12,能够使得在通气件3由通气孔11插入至内筒1的储水区后,由于通气孔11设于提升筋12与内筒1的内侧壁围设形成的腔室中,从而能够避免衣物与通气件3接触,即能够避免通气件3与衣物干涉,进而能够避免可能会造成的通气件3磨损和衣物损伤的现象出现,此外,由于提升筋12与内筒1的内侧壁围设形成一个较小的封闭空间,气泡能量散失较小,从而气泡仍能够通过提升筋12上设有第一通孔到达到衣物处形成空化气泡,高效剥离衣物上的脏污。
第二种可能的实施方式,通气件3的出气口32位于内筒1和外筒2之间,且与通气孔11对应设置,即气体由通气件3的出气口32直接通过通气孔11进入至内筒1的储水区。
其中,通气件3的具体形式包括多种,例如,可以为空心的杆体,杆体的一端(进气口31)与气体发生装置4的气体出口41相连通,另一端为出气口32,且出气口32与通气孔11对应设置,或者,通气件3可以为与气体发生装置4的气体出口41直接连接的连接管7,该连接管7的出气口的一端直接由第一安装孔21伸入至内筒1与外筒2之间,且与通气孔11对应设置,上述通气件3与第一安装孔21可以直接通过密封垫密封连接;或者,通气件3为第一安装孔21,第一安装孔21与通气孔11对应设置,此种情况下,第一安装孔21由外筒2的内壁向内筒1侧延伸预设长度,气体发生装置4的气体出口41与第一安装孔21密封连接。其中,通气件3为与气体发生装置4的气体出口41直接连接的连接管7时,该连接管7可以不由第一安装孔21伸入,而是由外筒口与机壳连接的窗垫上设置的孔处伸入,以形成有效的密封,然后连接管7的出气口32与通气孔11对应设置,此种情况下的通气孔11可以设置在内筒1的前侧,如内筒口处。
上述设置方式,其洗涤效果仅略微衰减,但是能够避免通气件3与衣物形成干涉,避免对通气件3造成磨损以及对衣物造成损伤。此外,能够省去驱动装置5的设置,降低使用成本。此外,此种设置方式不会妨碍内筒1的转动,可以在内筒1转动时,一直启动气体发生装置4,在通气件3的出气口32与内筒1的通气孔11相对时,对衣物的去污能力最佳。
作为一种可能的实施方式,衣物处理设备还包括位置传感装置,位置传感装置被设置成,在内筒1转动到设定位置时被触发,以控制内筒1停止转动,使得在内筒1停止转动后,气体发生装置4产生的气体能够由出气口32并经过通气孔11进入至内筒1的储水区。
其中,上述的设定位置可以为在通气孔11与出气口32相对时的位置,此种情况下,要求内筒1的转速较慢,位置传感装置被触发后会发送触发信号,以使衣物处理设备的控制器接收触发信号,控制器在接收 到触发信号后控制内筒1停止转动,此时由于内筒1的转速较慢,内筒1几乎可以马上停止转动,从而保证通气孔11与出气口32相对,进而能够保证通气件3由通气孔11伸入至内筒1的内部或者保证内筒1和外筒2之间的出气口32与内筒1的通气孔11的对准;当内筒1的转速较快时,上述的设定位置为内筒1转动至通气孔11与出气口32位置相对之前的预设距离处,即在内筒1转动到通气孔11与出气口32的相对应的位置之前的预设距离处位置传感装置被触发以发送触发信号,控制器接收到触发信号后控制内筒1停止转动,在内筒1停止转动后,由于内筒1转速较大,内筒1会继续转动预设距离,并在内筒1转动预设距离后停止转动,此时通气孔11与出气口32正好相对,从而保证通气件3能够由通气孔11伸入至内筒1的内部或者内筒1和外筒2之间的出气口32正好与内筒1的通气孔11相对,进而保证气体由通气孔11进入至内筒1的储水区。
其中,位置传感装置的具体形式包括多种,例如,位置传感装置包括霍尔传感器和磁铁,霍尔传感器设置在外筒2的外壁上,磁铁设置在内筒1的外壁上,且在内筒1转动到设定位置时,霍尔传感器与磁铁的位置相对,以使触发信号;或者霍尔传感器设置在外筒2的外底壁上(外筒轴向的底侧处),磁铁设置在驱动内筒1转动的直驱电机的外转子上,且在内筒1转动到设定位置时,霍尔传感器与磁铁的位置相对,以触发信号;或者,位置传感器包括信号开关和信号触头,信号开关设于外筒口处,信号触头设于内筒口处,且在内筒1转动到设定位置时,信号开关与信号触头相接触,以触发信号。
另外,本发明还提供了一种衣物处理设备的控制方法,该控制方法包括:
步骤S100:在洗涤过程中,控制内筒转动。
步骤S200:在内筒转动到设定位置时,控制内筒停止转动。
步骤S300:控制气体发生装置启动。
其中,可以在衣物处理设备的洗涤程序中加入向内筒中导入气体的气泡程序,例如,在衣物处理设备的洗涤程序中,控制内筒转动的电机会按照预设的转停比进行转动,因此,在洗涤程序中,按照预设转停比 运行的电机处于停止转动的区间段时,可以执行气泡程序,即控制内筒转动,直至内筒转动至设定位置时,控制内筒停止转动,在内筒停止转动后,控制气体发生装置启动,以向内筒的储水区中导入气体,提高洗涤效果。其中,设定位置为上述实施方式中介绍的设定位置,确定内筒转动到该设定位置的方式包括多种,例如,可以通过设置上述的位置传感装置的方式,也可以基于驱动内筒转动的电机的转动速度和时间确定内筒何时转动到该设定位置,即电机的转动速度和时间确定了内筒的转动位置,因此,在电机的转动速度和时间均分别达到设定的值时,可确定内筒转动到了该设定位置。
其中,当出气口位于内筒和外筒之间,且与通气孔对应设置时,在控制内筒停止转动后,可以直接控制气体发生装置启动,从而使大部分气体依次通过通气件的出气口、内筒的通气孔进入至内筒的储水区中,以提高洗涤效果。
当衣物处理设备还包括驱动装置,驱动装置与通气件相连,通气件在驱动装置的驱动下,能够在通气孔的内外两侧伸缩时。在“控制内筒停止转动”的步骤之后,还包括步骤“控制驱动装置驱动通气件伸入至通气孔的内侧”,然后再控制气体发生装置启动,以使气体通过通气件的出气口直接导入至内筒的储水区,提高去污能力,提高洗涤效果。“控制气体发生装置启动”的步骤之后,还包括步骤“当经过预设时间后,控制驱动装置驱动通气件缩回至通气孔的外侧”,其中,上述的预设时间可以为用户设定的,也可以是在洗衣机原有洗涤程序中,基于按照预设转停比运行的内筒转动前的预设时间段换算获得的,也就是说,在按照洗衣机原有洗涤程序运行的内筒转动前的预设时间内,控制驱动装置驱动通气件缩回至通气孔的外侧,从而使得在对衣物完成气泡洗涤后,能够不干涉内筒的转动,进而完成对衣物的高效洗涤。
需要说明的是,上述实施方式仅仅用来阐述本发明的原理,并非旨在与限制本发明的保护范围,在不偏离本发明原理的条件下,本领域技术人员能够对上述实施方式进行调整,以便本发明能够应用于更加具体的应用场景。
例如,虽然本发明是以柔性罩进行介绍的,但这并不旨在于限制本 发明的保护范围,其设置方式可以调整,如省去柔性罩的设置,杆体33的第一端通过柔性的密封垫与第一安装孔连接,即通过柔性的密封垫补偿杆体33的移动距离,这些均不偏离本发明的原理,均在本发明的保护范围之内。
例如,虽然本发明是以外壳62的底壁上形成有第二通孔622,第二通孔622设于柔性罩61中,杆体33穿过第二通孔622,且与第二通孔622留有活动间隙进行介绍的,但这并不旨在于限制本发明的保护范围,如可以省去外壳62的设置,杆体33穿过第一安装孔21,第一安装孔21与杆体33留有活动间隙,柔性罩61的底端密封罩设于第一安装孔21的外围等,这些均不偏离本发明的原理,均在本发明的保护范围之内。
例如,作为一种可替换的实施方式,虽然本发明的驱动装置5是以电机51和凸轮连杆机构52进行介绍的,但这并不旨在于限制本发明的保护范围,其设置方式可以进行调整,如驱动装置5可以为电机51和齿轮齿条机构,电机51的输出轴与齿轮固定连接,齿轮与齿条啮合,且齿条与杆体33的第一端相连,其中,外筒2的外侧壁上可以设置导向件,导向件上设有条形凹槽,齿条可移动的设于凹槽中,以对齿条进行导向等。此种情况下,杆体33可以不与第一安装孔21密封连接,而是齿条与第一安装孔21密封连接,这些均不偏离本发明的原理,均在本发明的保护范围之内。
本领域技术人员可以理解,上述衣物处理设备包括一些其他公知结构,例如处理器、控制器、存储器等,其中,存储器包括但不限于随机存储器、闪存、只读存储器、可编程只读存储器、易失性存储器、非易失性存储器、串行存储器、并行存储器或寄存器等,处理器包括但不限于CPLD/FPGA、DSP、ARM处理器、MIPS处理器等。为了不必要地模糊本公开的实施例,这些公知的结构未在附图中示出。
至此,已经结合附图所示的优选实施方式描述了本发明的技术方案,但是,本领域技术人员容易理解的是,本发明的保护范围显然不局限于这些具体实施方式。在不偏离本发明的原理的前提下,本领域技术人员可以对相关技术特征作出等同的更改或替换,这些更改或替换之后的技术方案都将落入本发明的保护范围之内。

Claims (10)

  1. 一种衣物处理设备,其特征在于,所述衣物处理设备包括:
    内筒,所述内筒上设有通气孔;
    通气件,所述通气件包括进气口和出气口;
    气体发生装置,所述气体发生装置包括气体出口,所述气体出口与所述进气口相连通,所述气体发生装置产生的气体由所述出气口并经过所述通气孔进入至所述内筒的储水区。
  2. 根据权利要求1所述的衣物处理设备,其特征在于,
    所述衣物处理设备还包括驱动装置,所述驱动装置与所述通气件相连,所述通气件在所述驱动装置的驱动下,能够在所述通气孔的内外两侧伸缩,其中,当所述通气件伸入所述通气孔的内侧时,所述出气口位于所述储水区。
  3. 根据权利要求2所述的衣物处理设备,其特征在于,
    所述内筒的内侧壁上设有提升筋,所述提升筋上设有第一通孔,所述提升筋与所述内侧壁围设形成腔室,所述通气孔设于所述腔室中。
  4. 根据权利要求2所述的衣物处理设备,其特征在于,
    所述通气件为杆体,所述杆体内部沿其轴向形成气流通道,所述进气口和所述出气口均与所述气流通道相通,所述驱动装置包括电机和传动组件,所述电机通过所述传动组件与所述杆体相连。
  5. 根据权利要求4所述的衣物处理设备,其特征在于,
    所述衣物处理设备的外筒上设有第一安装孔,所述衣物处理设备还包括密封件,所述密封件包括柔性罩,所述柔性罩的底端敞口,且所述敞口与所述第一安装孔密封连接,所述柔性罩的顶端设有第二安装孔,所述杆体的第一端与所述传动组件相连,所述杆体的第二端由所述柔性罩内部穿出所述第二安装孔设置,且所述第二安装孔与所述杆体固定密 封连接,在所述驱动装置驱动所述杆体伸入所述通气孔的内侧时,所述柔性罩能够与所述通气孔形成密封。
  6. 根据权利要求5所述的衣物处理设备,其特征在于,
    所述密封件还包括顶端开口的外壳,所述外壳的底端密封安装于所述第一安装孔,所述柔性罩的底端与所述外壳的内底壁相连,所述柔性罩的顶端与所述开口密封连接,所述外壳的底壁上还形成有第二通孔,所述第二通孔设于所述柔性罩中,所述杆体穿过所述第二通孔,且与所述第二通孔留有活动间隙;并且/或者
    所述传动组件为凸轮连杆机构。
  7. 根据权利要求2所述的衣物处理设备,其特征在于,
    所述通气件为波纹管,所述波纹管的管壁内形成压力腔,所述管壁上设有压力口,所述压力口与所述压力腔相通,所述驱动装置为气动装置或液压装置,所述驱动装置的出口与所述压力口相连通,所述波纹管的一端与所述气体出口相连通。
  8. 根据权利要求1所述的衣物处理设备,其特征在于,
    所述衣物处理设备还包括位置传感装置,所述位置传感装置被设置成,在所述内筒转动到设定位置时被触发,以控制所述内筒停止转动,使得在所述内筒停止转动后,所述气体发生装置产生的气体能够由所述出气口并经过所述通气孔进入至所述内筒的储水区。
  9. 根据权利要求1所述的衣物处理设备,其特征在于,
    所述出气口位于所述内筒和所述衣物处理设备的外筒之间,且与所述通气孔对应设置。
  10. 一种衣物处理设备的控制方法,其特征在于,
    所述衣物处理设备包括:内筒,所述内筒上设有通气孔;
    通气件,所述通气件包括进气口和出气口;
    气体发生装置,所述气体发生装置包括气体出口,所述气体出口与所述进气口相连通,所述气体发生装置产生的气体由所述出气口并经过所述通气孔进入至所述内筒的储水区;
    所述控制方法包括:
    在洗涤过程中,控制所述内筒转动;
    在所述内筒转动到设定位置时,控制所述内筒停止转动;
    控制所述气体发生装置启动。
PCT/CN2023/070853 2022-01-20 2023-01-06 衣物处理设备及衣物处理设备的控制方法 WO2023138401A1 (zh)

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