WO2018210181A1 - 铸造类零件智能打磨设备 - Google Patents

铸造类零件智能打磨设备 Download PDF

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Publication number
WO2018210181A1
WO2018210181A1 PCT/CN2018/086429 CN2018086429W WO2018210181A1 WO 2018210181 A1 WO2018210181 A1 WO 2018210181A1 CN 2018086429 W CN2018086429 W CN 2018086429W WO 2018210181 A1 WO2018210181 A1 WO 2018210181A1
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Prior art keywords
linear module
tray
grinding
base
sliding table
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PCT/CN2018/086429
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English (en)
French (fr)
Inventor
姜作诚
葛阳
李承翰
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金翰阳科技(大连)股份有限公司
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Publication of WO2018210181A1 publication Critical patent/WO2018210181A1/zh

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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B24GRINDING; POLISHING
    • B24BMACHINES, DEVICES, OR PROCESSES FOR GRINDING OR POLISHING; DRESSING OR CONDITIONING OF ABRADING SURFACES; FEEDING OF GRINDING, POLISHING, OR LAPPING AGENTS
    • B24B27/00Other grinding machines or devices
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B24GRINDING; POLISHING
    • B24BMACHINES, DEVICES, OR PROCESSES FOR GRINDING OR POLISHING; DRESSING OR CONDITIONING OF ABRADING SURFACES; FEEDING OF GRINDING, POLISHING, OR LAPPING AGENTS
    • B24B41/00Component parts such as frames, beds, carriages, headstocks
    • B24B41/04Headstocks; Working-spindles; Features relating thereto
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B24GRINDING; POLISHING
    • B24BMACHINES, DEVICES, OR PROCESSES FOR GRINDING OR POLISHING; DRESSING OR CONDITIONING OF ABRADING SURFACES; FEEDING OF GRINDING, POLISHING, OR LAPPING AGENTS
    • B24B41/00Component parts such as frames, beds, carriages, headstocks
    • B24B41/06Work supports, e.g. adjustable steadies
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B24GRINDING; POLISHING
    • B24BMACHINES, DEVICES, OR PROCESSES FOR GRINDING OR POLISHING; DRESSING OR CONDITIONING OF ABRADING SURFACES; FEEDING OF GRINDING, POLISHING, OR LAPPING AGENTS
    • B24B9/00Machines or devices designed for grinding edges or bevels on work or for removing burrs; Accessories therefor
    • B24B9/02Machines or devices designed for grinding edges or bevels on work or for removing burrs; Accessories therefor characterised by a special design with respect to properties of materials specific to articles to be ground
    • B24B9/04Machines or devices designed for grinding edges or bevels on work or for removing burrs; Accessories therefor characterised by a special design with respect to properties of materials specific to articles to be ground of metal, e.g. skate blades

Definitions

  • the present invention relates to a machining apparatus, and more particularly to a grinding apparatus.
  • the casting parts such as cast iron and aluminum are more and more widely used. Since these casting parts need to be cut off, such as risers, flashes, burrs, etc., the grinding of casting parts is a very important processing link.
  • the traditional casting parts grinding process is mainly based on manual grinding wheel, which not only has low grinding efficiency, but also cannot guarantee the quality requirements of the parts; in order to improve the grinding efficiency, it is also polished by three-axis or four-axis machine tools, but the existing three-axis or four The shaft machine can't realize the integral grinding of the parts, especially for the parts with irregular surfaces, the existing three-axis or four-axis machine can't achieve the grinding operation.
  • the existing three-axis or four-axis machine has only one grinding wheel, no The tool magazine cannot change the tool according to different workpieces and actual processing requirements. It requires multiple clamping, which directly affects the processing efficiency and grinding time.
  • the object of the present invention is to provide an intelligent grinding device for casting parts with high grinding efficiency, short grinding time, high product processing precision and high automation degree.
  • the invention mainly comprises a base, a linear module, a column, a oscillating head, a grinding spindle and a loading and unloading component.
  • the first linear module arranged along the Z direction is mounted on the base, and the slide of the first linear module is mounted along the X a second linear module disposed in the direction, a sliding column disposed in the Y direction is mounted on the sliding table of the second linear module, and a third linear module disposed along the Y direction is mounted on one side of the vertical column, and the third linear module is disposed
  • a connecting plate is arranged on the sliding table, the connecting plate is provided with an offset pendulum head, and the grinding spindle is mounted on the pendulum body of the offset pendulum head to realize a 0-90° swing of the grinding spindle; the X-direction side of the base is
  • the loading and unloading assembly comprises a support, a tray exchanger, a tray, a rotation turntable and an automatic fixture, a tray exchanger is mounted on
  • a bracket is disposed on one side of the base in the Z direction, and a magazine is mounted on the bracket.
  • the grinding spindle of the invention can realize three-coordinate movement, and is equipped with an offset swing head, which can realize 0-90° swing, and the loading and unloading part realizes clamping two workpieces at a time, and can realize feeding, processing and lowering by PLC control.
  • the automation of the material is carried out.
  • the invention has the following advantages:
  • Figure 1 is a front elevational view of the present invention.
  • Figure 2 is a top plan view of the present invention.
  • a first linear module 2 disposed along the Z direction is mounted on the base 1, and a second linear module 3 disposed along the X direction is mounted on the sliding table of the first linear module.
  • a column 4 disposed along the Y direction is mounted on the sliding table of the linear module, and a third linear module 5 disposed along the Y direction is mounted on one side of the column, and the connecting plate 6 is mounted on the sliding table of the third linear module.
  • the connecting plate is provided with an offset oscillating head 7, and the oscillating head body of the offset oscillating head is provided with a grinding main shaft 8 to realize a 0-90° swing of the grinding main shaft; and a bracket 9 is arranged on one side of the Z-direction of the base.
  • the tool magazine 10 is mounted on the upper side; the loading and unloading assembly is disposed on one side of the base in the X direction, and the loading and unloading assembly includes a support 11, a tray exchanger 12, a tray 13, a rotation turntable 14 and an automatic clamp 15, and the support 11
  • the tray exchanger 12 is mounted thereon, and the tray 13 is mounted on the workbench of the tray exchanger.
  • the two clamps are respectively disposed at the two end positions of the tray, and the automatic clamps 15 are respectively disposed at the positions of the trays corresponding to the automatic clamps, and one of the automatic clamps is disposed below the automatic clamps.
  • a rotation turret 14 mounted on the support, the worktable of the rotation turret can Automatic fixtures are connected.
  • the first linear module 2 can move along the X axis on the second linear module 3, and the column 4 can follow the second linear module to move in the Z direction on the first linear module, and the biasing yaw 7 can
  • the third linear module 5 on the column moves in the Y direction; the workpiece 17 (engine cylinder) is clamped by the automatic clamp 15, and the tray 13 is lifted by the pallet exchanger 12 by 180°, and then transferred to the processing area, and the tray is dropped.
  • the automatic fixture is located on the rotary turret 14 and controlled by the PLC.
  • the grinding spindle 8 processes the workpiece according to the program. If the tool change is required, the grinding spindle moves to the position of the tool magazine 10 for tool change, and the machining continues after the tool change. After the machining is completed, the pallet is again rotated by the pallet exchanger by 180°, and the processed workpiece is transferred to the lowering position, and the workpiece to be processed is moved into the processing zone for the next processing, and so on.

Landscapes

  • Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • Mechanical Engineering (AREA)
  • Grinding And Polishing Of Tertiary Curved Surfaces And Surfaces With Complex Shapes (AREA)
  • Constituent Portions Of Griding Lathes, Driving, Sensing And Control (AREA)

Abstract

一种铸造类零件智能打磨设备,底座上安装沿Z方向设置的第一线性模组,第一线性模组的滑台上安装沿X方向设置的第二线性模组,第二线性模组的滑台上安装沿Y方向设置的立柱,立柱的一侧安装沿Y方向设置的第三线性模组,第三线性模组的滑台上安装连接板,连接板上设偏置摆头,偏置摆头的摆头体上安装打磨主轴,底座的X方向一侧设上下料组件。本发明与现有技术相比具有打磨效率高,打磨时间短,保证产品加工精度等优点。

Description

铸造类零件智能打磨设备 技术领域
本发明涉及一种机械加工设备,尤其涉及一种打磨设备。
背景技术
目前,铸铁铸铝等铸造类零件应用越来越广泛,由于这些铸造类零件在实际加工过程中需要切除冒口、飞边、毛刺等,所以,铸造类零件的打磨是非常重要的加工环节,传统的铸造类零件打磨工艺主要是靠人工砂轮打磨,不仅打磨效率低下,而且无法保证零件的质量要求;为提高打磨效率,也采用三轴或四轴机床打磨,然而现有的三轴或四轴机床不能实现零件的整体化打磨,尤其是对于具有不规则曲面的零件,现有的三轴或四轴机床不能实现打磨作业,另外,现有的三轴或四轴机床只有一个砂轮,没有刀库,无法根据不同工件和实际加工需求换刀,需要多次装夹,直接影响加工效率和打磨时间。
发明内容
本发明的目的在于提供一种打磨效率高,打磨时间短,保证产品加工精度,自动化程度高的铸造类零件智能打磨设备。
本发明的具体技术方案如下:
本发明主要包括有底座、线性模组、立柱、摆头、打磨主轴以及上下料组件,底座上安装沿Z方向设置的第一线性模组,该第一线性模组的滑台上安装沿X方向设置的第二线性模组,该第二线性模组的滑台上安装沿Y方向设置的立柱,该立柱的一侧安装沿Y方向设置的第三线性模组,该第三线性模组的滑台上安装连接板,该连接板上设偏置摆头,偏置摆头的摆头体上安装打磨主轴,以实现打磨主轴的0~90°摆动;所述底座的X方向一侧设上下料组件,该上下料组件包括有支座、托盘交换器、托盘、自转转台以及自动夹具,支座上安装托盘交换器,托盘交换器的工作台上安装托盘,该托盘的两个靠近侧端位置分别安装自动夹具,托盘对应自动夹具位置处设通孔,具中一个自动夹具的下方设安装在支座上的自转转台,该自转转台的工作台能够与自动夹具相接。
作为本发明的一个优选方案,所述底座的Z方向一侧设支架,该支架上安装刀库。
本发明的打磨主轴能够实现三坐标运动,同时配备偏置摆头,能够实现0~90°摆动,上下料部分实现一次装夹两个工件,通过PLC的控制,能够实现上料、加工、下料的自动化进行。
本发明与现有技术相比具有如下优点:
1、自动化程度高,提高打磨效率高,减少打磨时间;
2、能够实现产品整体化打磨,适用各种工件,尤其适合具有不规则曲面的零件,保证产品的加工精度;
3、可根据不同工件和实际加工需求换刀,无需多次装夹;
4、制造简单,操作方便,便于维护和维修。
附图说明
图1为本发明的主视示意图。
图2为本发明的俯视示意图。
具体实施方式
接下来就结合附图对本发明作详细说明
如图1和图2所示,底座1上安装沿Z方向设置的第一线性模组2,该第一线性模组的滑台上安装沿X方向设置的第二线性模组3,该第二线性模组的滑台上安装沿Y方向设置的立柱4,该立柱的一侧安装沿Y方向设置的第三线性模组5,该第三线性模组的滑台上安装连接板6,该连接板上设偏置摆头7,偏置摆头的摆头体上安装打磨主轴8,以实现打磨主轴的0~90°摆动;所述底座的Z方向一侧设支架9,该支架上安装刀库10;所述底座的X方向一侧设上下料组件,该上下料组件包括有支座11、托盘交换器12、托盘13、自转转台14以及自动夹具15,支座11上安装托盘交换器12,托盘交换器的工作台上安装托盘13,该托盘的两个靠近侧端位置分别安装自动夹具15,托盘对应自动夹具位置处设通孔16,其中一个自动夹具的下方设安装在支座上的自转转台14,该自转转台的工作台能够与自动夹具相接。
工作时,第一线性模组2能够在第二线性模组3上沿X轴运动,立柱4能够跟随第二线性模组在第一线性模组上沿Z方向运动,偏置摆头7能够跟随立柱上的第三线性模组5沿Y方向运动;工件17(发动机缸体)通过自动夹具15夹紧,托盘13由托盘交换器12经过提升回转180°后,转入加工区域,托盘落下,自动夹具坐落在自转转台14上,通过PLC控制,打磨主轴8按程序对工件进行加工,若需要换刀,打磨主轴移动至刀库10位置进行换刀,换刀后继续加工,工件完成加工后,托盘再次由托盘交换器经过提升回转180°,将加工完的工件转入下料位,同时待加工的工件移入加工区,进行下一次加工,依次类推。

Claims (2)

  1. 一种铸造类零件智能打磨设备,其特征是:包括底座、线性模组、立柱、摆头、打磨主轴以及上下料组件,底座上安装沿Z方向设置的第一线性模组,该第一线性模组的滑台上安装沿X方向设置的第二线性模组,该第二线性模组的滑台上安装沿Y方向设置的立柱,该立柱的一侧安装沿Y方向设置的第三线性模组,该第三线性模组的滑台上安装连接板,该连接板上设偏置摆头,偏置摆头的摆头体上安装打磨主轴,以实现打磨主轴的0~90°摆动;所述底座的X方向一侧设上下料组件,该上下料组件包括有支座、托盘交换器、托盘、自转转台以及自动夹具,支座上安装托盘交换器,托盘交换器的工作台上安装托盘,该托盘的两个靠近侧端位置分别安装自动夹具,托盘对应自动夹具位置处设通孔,其中一个自动夹具的下方设安装在支座上的自转转台,该自转转台的工作台能够与自动夹具相接。
  2. 根据权利要求1所述的铸造类零件智能打磨设备,其特征是:所述底座的Z方向一侧设支架,该支架上安装刀库。
PCT/CN2018/086429 2017-05-15 2018-05-11 铸造类零件智能打磨设备 WO2018210181A1 (zh)

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106965064A (zh) * 2017-05-15 2017-07-21 金翰阳科技(大连)股份有限公司 铸造类零件智能打磨设备
CN107838806B (zh) * 2017-12-07 2023-08-11 金翰阳科技(大连)股份有限公司 智能打磨机床
CN109759944B (zh) * 2019-02-28 2023-09-05 大连誉洋工业智能有限公司 一种铸件智能打磨机床

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