WO2017016500A1 - Garlic seeder - Google Patents

Garlic seeder Download PDF

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Publication number
WO2017016500A1
WO2017016500A1 PCT/CN2016/092008 CN2016092008W WO2017016500A1 WO 2017016500 A1 WO2017016500 A1 WO 2017016500A1 CN 2016092008 W CN2016092008 W CN 2016092008W WO 2017016500 A1 WO2017016500 A1 WO 2017016500A1
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WO
WIPO (PCT)
Prior art keywords
cup
assembly
shaft
transmission
gear
Prior art date
Application number
PCT/CN2016/092008
Other languages
French (fr)
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
崇峻
张光辉
崇璐
Original Assignee
济南华庆铸造有限公司
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Filing date
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Application filed by 济南华庆铸造有限公司 filed Critical 济南华庆铸造有限公司
Publication of WO2017016500A1 publication Critical patent/WO2017016500A1/en

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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01CPLANTING; SOWING; FERTILISING
    • A01C7/00Sowing
    • A01C7/04Single-grain seeders with or without suction devices
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01CPLANTING; SOWING; FERTILISING
    • A01C7/00Sowing
    • A01C7/20Parts of seeders for conducting and depositing seed

Definitions

  • the invention relates to the field of agricultural machinery, in particular to a garlic planter.
  • the way of planting garlic is to artificially smash the garlic into the soil by hand, and the back will be tired of backache and leg pain, the fingers will grind out the burrs, and the three people who work fast can only get one day.
  • Planting an acre of land, the artificial demand rate in the garlic planting season is very large, and the wages of workers will rise sharply.
  • the rate of leakage of the garlic planter on the market is that the rate of garlic roots is high, which does not meet the requirements for garlic planting.
  • the present invention provides a garlic planter with reasonable structural design, high seeding efficiency and high garlic root rate.
  • a garlic seeding machine comprising a frame, an engine, a transmission assembly, a gas pump, a cylinder, a crawler chassis assembly, a soil leveler, and a console and a microcomputer electronic control system located above the crawler chassis assembly, the soil The flatter is located on the frame in front of the crawler chassis assembly, and is characterized in that: the front of the operating table is provided with a feeding bin, the feeding bin is connected with the feeding device, and the feeding device is uniformly installed above the feeding device a plurality of distributors, wherein each of the distributors is connected with a distribution pipe, the bottom of the distribution pipe is connected with the guide cup assembly, the guide cup assembly is fixed on the first positioning plate, and the guide cup assembly is The lower part is an adjusting cup assembly, the adjusting cup assembly is mounted on the second positioning plate, and the bottom of the adjusting cup assembly is a point inserting seeder assembly, and the point inserting seeder assembly is installed at the opening and closing Processing the support frame, the guide cup assembly, the adjustment cup assembly and the point inserter
  • the transmission assembly includes a drive spindle mounted inside the frame, and a first drive sprocket and a second drive sprocket mounted on the drive spindle, the first drive sprocket being coupled to the first drive sprocket of the travel system a first transmission chain, a second transmission chain connected to the transmission shaft of the second driving sprocket and the point insertion lifting device, a third transmission chain connecting the transmission shaft and the lifting shaft, a second transmission sprocket at both ends of the lifting shaft, and a transmission shaft
  • One end a third drive sprocket is disposed, the third drive sprocket is connected to the third drive shaft in the feed bin through a third drive chain, and the third drive shaft drives the fourth drive shaft through the fourth drive chain
  • An eccentric shaft is mounted on both the transmission sprocket and the second transmission sprocket to control the stepping amplitude of the walking system and the lifting height of the point insertion lifting device.
  • the picking device includes a third drive shaft and a fourth drive shaft symmetrically mounted on the upper and lower ends of the feed bin, a sprocket at both ends of the third drive shaft and the fourth drive shaft, and a ring-shaped mounting on the third drive shaft and
  • the feed chain plate between the fourth drive shafts is uniformly staggered and mounted on the feed chain plate with a plurality of scoop-type picking cups, and each of the scoop-type picking cups is arranged in one-to-one correspondence with the distributor.
  • the scoop-type lifting cup is a concave curved scoop-like structure, which is injection molded by using high-strength material, which is convenient for installation and replacement, and the space is a volume of garlic, and each scooping cup is extracted one time at a time. Garlic.
  • the distributor is divided into n groups and has a "U"-shaped groove structure, and the n-component feeders are staggered in length and interval, and each of the U-shaped grooves has a leakage hole below, and the leakage hole is connected with the distribution pipe. So that each piece of garlic that is transported from the spoon-type picking cup to the dispenser enters the dispensing tube and enters the guiding cup assembly along the dispensing tube.
  • the guiding cup assembly comprises n rows of guiding cups, and rotating shafts fixed on the edges of the two sides of each row of guiding cups, the guiding cups of each row are in one-to-one correspondence with the dispensing tubes, the guiding cups a funnel-shaped structure in which two shells are butted, and a tapered leaking tube is arranged at the bottom, and the left and right cup edges are respectively fixed on the rotating shaft, and the two ends of the rotating shaft are connected to the gear through the first positioning plate, and the gear is The cylinder rotates under the driving, thereby driving the rotating shaft to rotate, and the guiding cup completes the opening and closing action.
  • the adjustment cup assembly comprises a three-stage adjustment cup distributed in the upper, middle and lower portions, wherein the first stage adjustment cup comprises n rows and a next corresponding material cup on the guiding cup, the first level adjustment
  • the cup is a bowl-shaped structure in which two quarter-ball shells are butted;
  • the second-stage adjusting cup includes n rows of adjusting cups corresponding to the next one of the first-stage adjusting cups, and the second-stage adjustment
  • the body is butted into a funnel-shaped structure, and the bottom is provided with a cone-shaped leaking tube, and the left and right cup edges of the first-stage adjusting cup, the second-stage adjusting cup and the third-stage adjusting cup are respectively fixed on the rotating shaft
  • the two ends of the rotating shaft are connected to
  • the deformed incomplete gear is a gear structure integrally formed by a circular gear and a sector spur gear
  • the cylinder drives the first active profiled incomplete gear to rotate, the sector spur gear portion of the first active profiled incomplete gear and the first slave
  • the sector-shaped spur gear portion of the profiled incomplete gear meshes, the circular gear portion of the first driven profiled partial gear meshes with the circular gear portion of the second driven profiled imperfect gear, the second driven profiled incomplete gear
  • the sector-shaped spur gear portion of the second driven profiled incomplete gear meshes with the sector-shaped spur gear portion of the third driven profiled incomplete gear
  • the first active profiled incomplete gear and the first A driven profiled incomplete gear drives the rotating shaft on both sides of the lower row of the adjusting cup to rotate in opposite directions
  • the second driven shaped incomplete gear and the third driven shaped incomplete gear drive the upper side of the adjusting material
  • the rotating shafts on both sides of the cup rotate in opposite directions, thereby driving the opening and closing movements of each row of adjusting cups, and the first-stage
  • the point inserter assembly is evenly distributed with n rows of point inserting seeders corresponding to the third stage adjusting cups, wherein the point inserting seeders are hollow cone-shaped structures which are butted by the side shells, and the upper end is The opening is larger than the lower end opening, and the upper and lower edges of the point inserter are fixed on the opening and closing treatment support frame, and the opening and closing treatment support frame directly controls opening and closing by the cylinder to sow the garlic seed into the soil.
  • the point insertion lifting device 17 includes a parallelly disposed transmission shaft, a lifting shaft, and a weight plate fixed at two ends of the lifting shaft.
  • the weight plate is a fan-shaped structure and is integrally connected with the eccentric shaft.
  • a support frame is fixed at one end of the eccentric shaft away from the weight plate, and the cylinder is fixed on the support frame, and the lower end of the cylinder is fixedly connected with the point inserter assembly, and the transmission spindle drives the transmission shaft through the second transmission chain, and the transmission
  • the shaft drives the lifting shaft through the third driving chain on the other side, and the lifting shaft rotates to drive the weight plate and the eccentric shaft to rotate.
  • the eccentric shaft drives the needle inserter assembly to move up and down through the cylinder.
  • the traveling system includes a first transmission sprocket, an eccentric shaft fixed on the first transmission sprocket, and a connecting rod connecting the eccentric shaft and the point insertion lifting device, and the first transmission sprocket is driven by the first driving sprocket Rotating, the eccentric shaft controls the stepping amplitude of the lifting device through the connecting rod, and the axial length of the eccentric shaft determines the stepping amplitude size.
  • the utility model has the beneficial effects that the garlic planter is convenient to use, simple in operation, saves a lot of manpower, improves work efficiency, and the garlic root upward rate is as high as 98% or more, which brings good practical effects and economic benefits to the user. Suitable for promotion.
  • Figure 1 is a schematic view showing the structure of a garlic planter according to the present invention.
  • FIG. 2 is a schematic structural view of a transmission assembly of a garlic planter according to the present invention.
  • Figure 3 is a schematic view showing the structure of a guide cup assembly for a garlic planter according to the present invention.
  • Figure 4 is a schematic view showing the transmission relationship structure of a garlic planter adjusting cup assembly according to the present invention.
  • Figure 5 is a schematic view showing the structure of a spoon type picking cup of a garlic planter according to the present invention.
  • Figure 6 is a schematic structural view of a garlic planter dispenser according to the present invention.
  • FIG. 7 is a schematic structural view of a garlic seeding machine guiding cup, a first-stage adjusting cup, a second-stage adjusting cup, a third-stage adjusting cup and a point inserting seeder according to the present invention.
  • the garlic planter is characterized in that it comprises a frame 1, an engine 5, a transmission assembly, an air pump, a cylinder 16, a crawler chassis assembly 3, a soil leveler 7, and a crawler chassis assembly.
  • the microcomputer electronic control system 4 the soil leveler 7 is located on the frame 1 in front of the track chassis assembly 3, and the front of the console 6 is provided with a feed bin 2,
  • the feeding bin 2 is connected with the feeding device 8, and a plurality of distributors 9 are evenly mounted above the lifting device 8, and a distributor pipe 10 is connected below each of the distributors 9, and the bottom of the distribution pipe 10 is
  • the guide cup assembly is connected, the guide cup assembly is fixed on the first positioning plate 11, and the lower portion of the guide cup assembly is an adjustment cup assembly, and the adjustment cup assembly is mounted on the second positioning plate 12
  • Below the adjustment cup assembly is a point inserter assembly 13, which is mounted on the opening and closing treatment support frame, the guide cup assembly, the adjustment cup assembly and the point insertion
  • the seeder assembly 13 is controlled to open and close by a cylinder 16 respectively, and the point inserter assembly 13 is controlled by a point-lifting device.
  • the transmission assembly includes a drive spindle 20 mounted inside the frame 1, and a first drive sprocket 25 and a second drive sprocket 24 mounted on the drive spindle 20, the first drive sprocket 25 a first transmission chain 21 connected to the first drive sprocket 23 of the travel system, a second drive chain 22 connected to the drive shaft 43 on the point-lifting device, and a transmission shaft 43 connected to the lift shaft 44
  • the third transmission chain 26, the second transmission sprocket 27 at both ends of the lifting shaft 44, one end of the transmission shaft 43 is provided with a third transmission sprocket 28, and the third transmission sprocket 28 and the third in the feeding bin 2
  • the transmission shaft 29 is connected by a fourth transmission chain 30, and the third transmission shaft 29 drives the fourth transmission shaft 32 through the fifth transmission chain 31.
  • the first transmission sprocket 23 and the second transmission sprocket 27 are mounted with an eccentric shaft. 33. Control the stepping amplitude of the walking system and the lifting height of the point
  • the picking device 8 includes a third drive shaft 29 and a fourth drive shaft 32 symmetrically mounted on the upper and lower ends of the feed bin 2, a sprocket at both ends of the third drive shaft 29 and the fourth drive shaft 32, and a ring mount a feeding chain plate 45 between the third transmission shaft 29 and the fourth transmission shaft 32, and a plurality of rows of scooping cups 15 are evenly staggered on the feeding chain plate 45, as shown in FIG.
  • the spoon-type feeding cup 15 is a concave curved spoon-like structure, which is injection molded using a high-strength material, which is convenient for installation and replacement, and the space is a volume of garlic.
  • each scoop type feeding cup is extracted one garlic at a time, and each scoop type feeding cup 15 is arranged correspondingly with the feeder 9.
  • the frame 1 is further equipped with an adjustment sprocket, the adjustment sprocket meshes with the fifth transmission chain 31, and controls the angle of the feed chain plate by controlling the tension of the transmission chain, thereby adjusting the spoon type cup 15
  • the falling position of the upper garlic clove ensures that the garlic cloves accurately fall into the feeder 9.
  • the distributor 9 is divided into n groups, which are in a "U"-shaped groove structure, and the length of the n-component feeder 9 is short.
  • each of the U-shaped grooves has a seed hole 42 below, and the seed hole 42 is connected to the material distribution pipe 10, so that each grain is transported from the spoon type cup 15 to the distributor 9 Enter the dispensing tube 10 and enter the guiding cup assembly along the dispensing tube 10.
  • the guide cup assembly includes n rows of guide cups 46, and a rotating shaft 35 fixed to the both sides of each row of the guide cups 46, the guide cups 46 and the points on each row.
  • the material guiding tube 46 is a one-to-one correspondence
  • the guiding material cup 46 is a funnel-shaped structure in which two pieces of shells are butted, and the bottom is provided with a cone-shaped leaking tube, and the left and right cup edges are respectively fixed on the rotating shaft 35
  • the rotating shaft 35 is two The end is connected to the gear set through the first positioning 11 plate, and the gear rotates under the driving of the cylinder 16, thereby driving the rotating shaft to rotate.
  • the first driving gear rotates, and the first driving gear drives the second driving gear and the third driving gear 38 to rotate through the chain and the rotating shaft, and the second driving gear 37 drives the second driven gear 40 to rotate through the rotating shaft 35.
  • the second driven gear 40 toggles the third driven gear 41 to rotate, and the third driving gear 38 rotates the first driven gear 39 to rotate, so that the rotating shafts 35 on both sides of each row of guiding cups rotate in opposite directions, thereby driving each The discharge guide cup completes the opening and closing action.
  • the adjustment cup assembly includes upper, middle and lower three-stage adjustment cups, and the first stage adjustment cup 47 includes n rows and a guide cup 46 on the next one.
  • the first-stage adjusting cup 47 is a bowl-like structure in which two quarter-ball shells are butted; the second-stage adjusting cup 48 includes n rows and a first-stage adjusting cup 47.
  • the next corresponding adjusting cup, the second-stage adjusting cup 48 has two shells butted into a funnel-shaped structure, and the third-stage adjusting cup 50 includes n rows and the second-stage adjusting cup 48 on the next one.
  • the third-stage adjusting cup 50 is a funnel-shaped structure in which two shells are butted, and a cone-shaped leaking tube is arranged at the bottom, and the first-stage adjusting cup 4 is adjusted by the second stage.
  • the left and right cup edges of the cup 48 and the third stage adjusting cup 50 are respectively fixed on the rotating shaft 35, and the ends of the rotating shaft 35 pass through the first
  • the two positioning plates 12 are respectively connected to the gear set, and the first-stage adjusting cup 47, the second-stage adjusting cup 48, and the third-stage adjusting cup 50 are respectively driven by the cylinder 16 to complete the opening and closing operations in sequence.
  • the working process of adjusting the cup assembly is similar to that of the guide cup assembly.
  • the rotation of the shaft and the opening and closing of the support frame are respectively driven by the cylinders 16, and the details of the garlic are adjusted to the roots facing downwards; or the gears are not described here.
  • the group consists of 4 shaped incomplete gears, which are gears integrally formed by a circular gear and a sector spur gear.
  • the cylinder 16 drives the first active profiled incomplete gear 53 to rotate, and the first active profile is incomplete.
  • the sector-shaped spur gear portion of the gear 53 meshes with the sector-shaped spur gear portion of the first driven irregular-shaped gear 54, and the circular gear portion of the first driven irregular-shaped gear 54 and the second driven irregular-shaped gear 55
  • the gear portion is meshed
  • the second driven irregular gear 55 is located above the first driven profiled gear 54
  • the sector spur gear portion of the second driven profiled gear 55 is
  • the sector-shaped spur gear portion of the three driven irregular-shaped incomplete gear 56 is meshed, and the first active-shaped partial-complete gear 53 and the first driven-shaped-partially-completed gear 54 drive the rotating shaft 35 on both sides of the lower-side adjusting cup in opposite directions
  • Rotating, the second driven irregular gear 55 and the third driven irregular gear 56 drive the rotating shaft 35 on both sides of each row of the adjusting cup on the other side of the upper row to rotate in opposite directions, thereby driving each row of adjusting cups Complete the opening and closing action.
  • the point inserter assembly 13 is evenly distributed with n rows of point inserts 49 corresponding to the third stage adjustment cup 50, and the point inserter 49 is a hollow cone which is butted by the side shells.
  • the upper end opening is larger than the lower end opening, and the upper and lower edges of the point inserter 49 are fixed on the opening and closing processing support frame, and the opening and closing processing support frame is directly controlled by the cylinder 16 to open and close the garlic seed into the soil.
  • the working process of the point inserter assembly is similar to that of the guide cup assembly, and the rotation of the shaft and the opening and closing of the support frame are respectively driven by the cylinders, and will not be described herein.
  • the point insertion lifting device 17 includes a parallel transmission shaft 43 mounted on the front end of the frame, a lifting shaft 44, and a weight plate 51 fixed at both ends of the lifting shaft 44.
  • the weight plate 51 has a fan shape and is eccentric
  • the shaft 33 is integrally connected, and an end of the eccentric shaft 33 facing away from the weight plate 33 is fixed with a support frame 52, the branch A cylinder 16 is fixed to the bracket 52.
  • the lower end of the cylinder 16 is fixedly connected with the point inserter assembly 13.
  • the transmission shaft 20 drives the transmission shaft 43 through the second transmission chain 22, and the transmission shaft 43 passes through the other side of the third transmission.
  • the chain 26 drives the lifting shaft 44.
  • the lifting shaft 44 rotates to drive the weight plate 51 and the eccentric shaft 33 to rotate.
  • the eccentric shaft drives the point inserter assembly 13 to move up and down through the cylinder 16.
  • the cylinder 16 is always at the same time.
  • the cylinder 16 lifts the point inserter assembly 13 off the ground by contraction to prevent the point picker from being damaged.
  • the traveling system includes a first transmission sprocket 23, an eccentric shaft 33 fixed to the first transmission sprocket 23, and a connecting rod 34 connecting the eccentric shaft 33 and the point insertion lifting device 17, the first transmission sprocket 23 being in the A driving sprocket 25 is rotated downward, and the eccentric shaft 33 controls the stepping amplitude of the lifting device through the connecting rod.
  • the axial length of the eccentric shaft determines the magnitude of the stepping amplitude.
  • the garlic When the invention is used, the garlic is placed in the feeding bin 2, and the picking box transports the garlic through the dispenser 9 to the dispensing tube, and the garlic enters the guiding cup of the guiding cup assembly along the dispensing tube 10.
  • the buffering storage is carried out in the 46, the guiding cup 46 is opened under the driving of the cylinder 16, the garlic enters the first-stage adjusting cup 47, and then falls into the second-stage adjusting cup 48, and finally falls into the third-stage adjusting cup. 50.
  • the direction of the garlic is adjusted so that the root is facing downward, and then the seeding device 49 is inserted into the point, and the seeding device is inserted into the lifting device and the walking system in a synergistic manner, and the meat is smoothly and gently removed.
  • the rack 1 can also be equipped with a counter to record the quantity of the seeds sowed.

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  • Life Sciences & Earth Sciences (AREA)
  • Soil Sciences (AREA)
  • Environmental Sciences (AREA)
  • Sowing (AREA)

Abstract

Provided is a garlic seeder, comprising a frame (1), an engine (5), a transmission assembly, an air pump, an air cylinder (16), a caterpillar track chassis assembly (3), a soil flattener (7), and an operating console (6) and a microcomputer electronic control system (4) both positioned above the caterpillar track chassis assembly (3). A feeding hopper (2) is provided in front of the operating console (6). The feeding hopper (2) is connected to a material providing device (8). A plurality of distributors (9) are mounted evenly above the material providing device (8). A distribution tube (10) is connected under each distributor (9). The bottom of the distribution tube (10) is connected to a guide cup assembly. The guide cup assembly is fixed on a first locating plate (11). Under the guide cup assembly is a cup adjusting assembly. Under the cup adjusting assembly is a point-insertion seeding assembly (12). The point-insertion seeding assembly is mounted on an opening and closing processing support frame. The guide cup assembly, the cup adjusting assembly and the point-insertion seeding assembly respectively control opening and closing by the cylinder and control step amplitude by a running system. The garlic seeder is simple to operate, saves large-scale manual labour, improves operating efficiency, and has good practical effects and economic returns.

Description

大蒜播种机Garlic planter 技术领域Technical field
本发明涉及农用机械领域,特别涉及一种大蒜播种机。The invention relates to the field of agricultural machinery, in particular to a garlic planter.
背景技术Background technique
目前,大蒜的种植方式是人工蹲在地里用手把蒜种一瓣一瓣的插进土壤,一天下来就会累的腰酸腿疼,手指磨出毛刺,干活快的3个人一天只能栽种一亩地,到了大蒜栽种季节人工需求率非常大,而且工人工资会急剧增涨。目前市面上的大蒜播种机漏播率即蒜根朝上率很高,达不到大蒜播种的要求。At present, the way of planting garlic is to artificially smash the garlic into the soil by hand, and the back will be tired of backache and leg pain, the fingers will grind out the burrs, and the three people who work fast can only get one day. Planting an acre of land, the artificial demand rate in the garlic planting season is very large, and the wages of workers will rise sharply. At present, the rate of leakage of the garlic planter on the market is that the rate of garlic roots is high, which does not meet the requirements for garlic planting.
发明内容Summary of the invention
本发明为了弥补现有技术的缺陷,提供了一种结构设计合理、播种效率高、蒜根朝上率高的大蒜播种机。In order to make up for the defects of the prior art, the present invention provides a garlic planter with reasonable structural design, high seeding efficiency and high garlic root rate.
本发明是通过如下技术方案实现的:The invention is achieved by the following technical solutions:
一种大蒜播种机,包括机架、发动机、传动总成、气泵、气缸、履带底盘总成、土壤整平器、以及位于履带底盘总成上方的操作台、微电脑电控系统,所述土壤整平器位于履带底盘总成的前方的机架上,其特征在于:所述操作台的前方设有给料仓,所述给料仓与提料装置连接,所述提料装置上方均匀安装有若干分料器,所述每个分料器下方连接分料管,所述分料管底部与导向料杯总成连接,导向料杯总成固定在第一定位板上,导向料杯总成的下方为调整料杯总成,所述调整料杯总成安装在第二定位板上,调整料杯总成下方为点插播种器总成,所述点插播种器总成安装在开合处理支撑架上,所述导向料杯总成、调整料杯总成和点插播种器总成分别通过气缸控制开合,所述点插播种器总成通过点插升降装置控制升降,通过行走系统控制步进幅度。A garlic seeding machine comprising a frame, an engine, a transmission assembly, a gas pump, a cylinder, a crawler chassis assembly, a soil leveler, and a console and a microcomputer electronic control system located above the crawler chassis assembly, the soil The flatter is located on the frame in front of the crawler chassis assembly, and is characterized in that: the front of the operating table is provided with a feeding bin, the feeding bin is connected with the feeding device, and the feeding device is uniformly installed above the feeding device a plurality of distributors, wherein each of the distributors is connected with a distribution pipe, the bottom of the distribution pipe is connected with the guide cup assembly, the guide cup assembly is fixed on the first positioning plate, and the guide cup assembly is The lower part is an adjusting cup assembly, the adjusting cup assembly is mounted on the second positioning plate, and the bottom of the adjusting cup assembly is a point inserting seeder assembly, and the point inserting seeder assembly is installed at the opening and closing Processing the support frame, the guide cup assembly, the adjustment cup assembly and the point inserter assembly are respectively controlled to open and close by a cylinder, and the point inserter assembly is controlled to be lifted and lowered by a point plug lifting device, and is passed through the walking The system controls the step size.
所述传动总成包括安装在机架内部的传动主轴、以及安装在传动主轴上的第一主动链轮和第二主动链轮,第一主动链轮与行走系统的第一传动链轮连接的第一传动链条,第二主动链轮与点插升降装置上的传动轴连接的第二传动链条,传动轴与升降轴连接的第三传动链条,升降轴两端的第二传动链轮,传动轴的一端 设有第三传动链轮,所述第三传动链轮与给料仓内的第三传动轴通过第三传动链条连接,第三传动轴通过第四传动链条带动第四传动轴,所述第一传动链轮与第二传动链轮上均安装有偏心轴,分别控制行走系统的步进幅度和点插升降装置的升降高度。The transmission assembly includes a drive spindle mounted inside the frame, and a first drive sprocket and a second drive sprocket mounted on the drive spindle, the first drive sprocket being coupled to the first drive sprocket of the travel system a first transmission chain, a second transmission chain connected to the transmission shaft of the second driving sprocket and the point insertion lifting device, a third transmission chain connecting the transmission shaft and the lifting shaft, a second transmission sprocket at both ends of the lifting shaft, and a transmission shaft One end a third drive sprocket is disposed, the third drive sprocket is connected to the third drive shaft in the feed bin through a third drive chain, and the third drive shaft drives the fourth drive shaft through the fourth drive chain, An eccentric shaft is mounted on both the transmission sprocket and the second transmission sprocket to control the stepping amplitude of the walking system and the lifting height of the point insertion lifting device.
所述提料装置包括对称安装在给料仓上、下两端的第三传动轴和第四传动轴,第三传动轴和第四传动轴两端的链轮,以及环形安装于第三传动轴和第四传动轴之间的给料链板,所述给料链板上均匀交错安装有若干列勺式提料杯,所述每列勺式提料杯与分料器一一对应设置。The picking device includes a third drive shaft and a fourth drive shaft symmetrically mounted on the upper and lower ends of the feed bin, a sprocket at both ends of the third drive shaft and the fourth drive shaft, and a ring-shaped mounting on the third drive shaft and The feed chain plate between the fourth drive shafts is uniformly staggered and mounted on the feed chain plate with a plurality of scoop-type picking cups, and each of the scoop-type picking cups is arranged in one-to-one correspondence with the distributor.
所述勺式提料杯为下凹的弧形勺状结构,使用高强度材料注塑成型,便于安装更换,空间为一粒蒜种的体积,保证每个勺式提料杯每次提取一粒蒜种。The scoop-type lifting cup is a concave curved scoop-like structure, which is injection molded by using high-strength material, which is convenient for installation and replacement, and the space is a volume of garlic, and each scooping cup is extracted one time at a time. Garlic.
所述分料器分为n组,呈“U”型槽结构,n组分料器长短间隔交错分布,所述每个U型槽的下方有漏种孔,漏种孔与分料管连接,使得每粒从勺式提料杯内输送到分料器的蒜种进入分料管,沿分料管进入导向料杯总成。The distributor is divided into n groups and has a "U"-shaped groove structure, and the n-component feeders are staggered in length and interval, and each of the U-shaped grooves has a leakage hole below, and the leakage hole is connected with the distribution pipe. So that each piece of garlic that is transported from the spoon-type picking cup to the dispenser enters the dispensing tube and enters the guiding cup assembly along the dispensing tube.
所述导向料杯总成包括n排导向料杯,以及固定在每排导向料杯两侧边沿上的转轴,所述每排上导向料杯与分料管一一对应,所述导向料杯为两片壳体对接成的漏斗形结构,底部设有锥形漏种管,其左、右杯沿分别固定在转轴上,转轴两端穿过第一定位板与齿轮连接,所述齿轮在气缸的带动下转动,从而带动转轴转动,导向料杯完成张开、闭合动作。The guiding cup assembly comprises n rows of guiding cups, and rotating shafts fixed on the edges of the two sides of each row of guiding cups, the guiding cups of each row are in one-to-one correspondence with the dispensing tubes, the guiding cups a funnel-shaped structure in which two shells are butted, and a tapered leaking tube is arranged at the bottom, and the left and right cup edges are respectively fixed on the rotating shaft, and the two ends of the rotating shaft are connected to the gear through the first positioning plate, and the gear is The cylinder rotates under the driving, thereby driving the rotating shaft to rotate, and the guiding cup completes the opening and closing action.
所述调整料杯总成包括上、中、下分布的三级调整料杯,所述第一级调整料杯包括n排与导向料杯上下一一对应的料杯,所述第一级调整料杯为两个四分之一球壳体对接成的碗状结构;第二级调整料杯包括n排与第一级调整料杯上下一一对应的调整料杯,所述第二级调整料杯两片壳体对接成的漏斗形结构,第三级调整料杯包括n排与第二级调整料杯上下一一对应的调整料杯,所述第三级调整料杯为两片壳体对接成的漏斗形结构,底部设有锥形漏种管,所述第一级调整料杯、第二级调整料杯和第三级调整料杯的左、右杯沿分别固定在转轴上,转轴两端穿过第二定位板与分别于齿轮组连接,所述齿轮组由4个异形不完全齿轮组 成,所述异形不完全齿轮为圆形齿轮和扇形直齿轮一体成型的齿轮结构,气缸带动第一主动异形不完全齿轮转动,第一主动异形不完全齿轮的扇形直齿轮部分与第一从动异形不完全齿轮的扇形直齿轮部分啮合,第一从动异形不完全齿轮的圆形齿轮部分与第二从动异形不完全齿轮的圆形齿轮部分啮合,所述第二从动异形不完全齿轮位于第一从动异形不完全齿轮的上方,第二从动异形不完全齿轮的扇形直齿轮部分与第三从动异形不完全齿轮的扇形直齿轮部分啮合,第一主动异形不完全齿轮与第一从动异形不完全齿轮带动下排一侧调整料杯两侧的转轴沿相反的方向转动,第二从动异形不完全齿轮与第三从动异形不完全齿轮带动上排另一侧调整料杯两侧的转轴沿相反的方向转动,从而带动每排调整料杯完成张开、闭合动作,第一级调整料杯、第二级调整料杯和第三级调整料杯分别在气缸的带动下,依次完成张开、闭合动作,将蒜种方向调整为根部朝下。The adjustment cup assembly comprises a three-stage adjustment cup distributed in the upper, middle and lower portions, wherein the first stage adjustment cup comprises n rows and a next corresponding material cup on the guiding cup, the first level adjustment The cup is a bowl-shaped structure in which two quarter-ball shells are butted; the second-stage adjusting cup includes n rows of adjusting cups corresponding to the next one of the first-stage adjusting cups, and the second-stage adjustment The funnel-shaped structure in which the two shells of the cup are butted, the third-stage adjusting cup comprises the next corresponding adjusting cup on the n-stage and the second-stage adjusting cup, and the third-stage adjusting cup is two-piece shell The body is butted into a funnel-shaped structure, and the bottom is provided with a cone-shaped leaking tube, and the left and right cup edges of the first-stage adjusting cup, the second-stage adjusting cup and the third-stage adjusting cup are respectively fixed on the rotating shaft The two ends of the rotating shaft are connected to the gear set through the second positioning plate, and the gear set is composed of four shaped incomplete gear sets. The deformed incomplete gear is a gear structure integrally formed by a circular gear and a sector spur gear, the cylinder drives the first active profiled incomplete gear to rotate, the sector spur gear portion of the first active profiled incomplete gear and the first slave The sector-shaped spur gear portion of the profiled incomplete gear meshes, the circular gear portion of the first driven profiled partial gear meshes with the circular gear portion of the second driven profiled imperfect gear, the second driven profiled incomplete gear Located above the first driven profiled incomplete gear, the sector-shaped spur gear portion of the second driven profiled incomplete gear meshes with the sector-shaped spur gear portion of the third driven profiled incomplete gear, the first active profiled incomplete gear and the first A driven profiled incomplete gear drives the rotating shaft on both sides of the lower row of the adjusting cup to rotate in opposite directions, and the second driven shaped incomplete gear and the third driven shaped incomplete gear drive the upper side of the adjusting material The rotating shafts on both sides of the cup rotate in opposite directions, thereby driving the opening and closing movements of each row of adjusting cups, and the first-stage adjusting cup and the second-stage adjusting material The cup and the third level adjusting cylinder are driven, in order to complete opening, closing operation, garlic adjusted downward direction root.
所述点插播种器总成上均匀分布有n排与第三级调整料杯一一对应的点插播种器,所述点插播种器为两侧壳体对接成的中空锥状结构,上端开口大于下端开口,所述点插播种器的上下沿固定在开合处理支撑架上,所述开合处理支撑架通过气缸直接控制开合,将蒜种播种到土壤里。The point inserter assembly is evenly distributed with n rows of point inserting seeders corresponding to the third stage adjusting cups, wherein the point inserting seeders are hollow cone-shaped structures which are butted by the side shells, and the upper end is The opening is larger than the lower end opening, and the upper and lower edges of the point inserter are fixed on the opening and closing treatment support frame, and the opening and closing treatment support frame directly controls opening and closing by the cylinder to sow the garlic seed into the soil.
所述点插升降装置17包括安装在机架前端的平行设置的传动轴、升降轴、以及升降轴两端固定有配重盘,所述配重盘为扇形结构并与偏心轴一体连接,所述偏心轴背离配重盘的一端固定有支撑架,所述支撑架上固定有气缸,气缸的下端与点插播种器总成固定连接,所述传动主轴通过第二传动链条带动传动轴,传动轴通过另一侧第三传动链条带动升降轴,升降轴转动带动配重盘及偏心轴转动,偏心轴通过气缸带动点插播种器总成上下运动,当该大蒜播种机工作时,气缸始终处于伸长状态,当停止使用时,气缸通过收缩将点插播种器总成抬离地面,防止点插播种器损伤。The point insertion lifting device 17 includes a parallelly disposed transmission shaft, a lifting shaft, and a weight plate fixed at two ends of the lifting shaft. The weight plate is a fan-shaped structure and is integrally connected with the eccentric shaft. A support frame is fixed at one end of the eccentric shaft away from the weight plate, and the cylinder is fixed on the support frame, and the lower end of the cylinder is fixedly connected with the point inserter assembly, and the transmission spindle drives the transmission shaft through the second transmission chain, and the transmission The shaft drives the lifting shaft through the third driving chain on the other side, and the lifting shaft rotates to drive the weight plate and the eccentric shaft to rotate. The eccentric shaft drives the needle inserter assembly to move up and down through the cylinder. When the garlic seeder is working, the cylinder is always in the cylinder. In the extended state, when stopped, the cylinder lifts the point inserter assembly off the ground by shrinking, preventing the point picker from being damaged.
所述行走系统包括第一传动链轮、固定在第一传动链轮上的偏心轴、以及连接偏心轴与点插升降装置的连杆,第一传动链轮在第一主动链轮的带动下转动,偏心轴通过连杆控制点插升降装置的步进幅度,偏心轴的轴长决定了步进幅度的 大小。The traveling system includes a first transmission sprocket, an eccentric shaft fixed on the first transmission sprocket, and a connecting rod connecting the eccentric shaft and the point insertion lifting device, and the first transmission sprocket is driven by the first driving sprocket Rotating, the eccentric shaft controls the stepping amplitude of the lifting device through the connecting rod, and the axial length of the eccentric shaft determines the stepping amplitude size.
本发明的有益效果是:该大蒜播种机使用方便,操作简单,节省了大量人力,提高了工作效率,蒜根朝上率高达98%以上,为使用者带来良好的实用效果和经济收益,适宜推广使用。The utility model has the beneficial effects that the garlic planter is convenient to use, simple in operation, saves a lot of manpower, improves work efficiency, and the garlic root upward rate is as high as 98% or more, which brings good practical effects and economic benefits to the user. Suitable for promotion.
附图说明DRAWINGS
下面结合附图对本发明作进一步的说明。The invention will now be further described with reference to the accompanying drawings.
附图1为本发明一种大蒜播种机的结构示意图;Figure 1 is a schematic view showing the structure of a garlic planter according to the present invention;
附图2为本发明一种大蒜播种机的传动总成的结构示意图;2 is a schematic structural view of a transmission assembly of a garlic planter according to the present invention;
附图3为本发明一种大蒜播种机导向料杯总成的结构示意图;Figure 3 is a schematic view showing the structure of a guide cup assembly for a garlic planter according to the present invention;
附图4为本发明一种大蒜播种机调整料杯总成的传动关系结构示意图;Figure 4 is a schematic view showing the transmission relationship structure of a garlic planter adjusting cup assembly according to the present invention;
附图5为本发明一种大蒜播种机勺式提料杯的结构示意图;Figure 5 is a schematic view showing the structure of a spoon type picking cup of a garlic planter according to the present invention;
附图6为本发明一种大蒜播种机分料器的结构示意图;Figure 6 is a schematic structural view of a garlic planter dispenser according to the present invention;
附图7为本发明一种大蒜播种机导向料杯、第一级调整料杯、第二级调整料杯、第三级调整料杯和点插播种器的结构示意图。7 is a schematic structural view of a garlic seeding machine guiding cup, a first-stage adjusting cup, a second-stage adjusting cup, a third-stage adjusting cup and a point inserting seeder according to the present invention.
图中,1机架,2给料仓,3履带底盘总成,4微电脑控制系统,5发动机,6操作台,7土壤整平器,8提料装置,9分料器,10分料管,11第一定位板,12第二定位板,13点插播种器总成,14点插升降装置,15勺式提料杯,16气缸,17点插升降装置,20传动主轴,21第一传动链条,22第二传动链条,23第一传动链轮,24第二主动链轮,25第一主动链轮,26第三传动链条,27第二传动链轮,28第三传动链轮,29第三传动轴,30第四传动链条,31第五传动链条,32第四传动轴,33偏心轴,34连杆,35转轴,36第一主动齿轮,37第二主动齿轮,38第三主动齿轮,39第一从动齿轮,40第二从动齿轮,41第三从动齿轮,42漏种孔,43传动轴,44升降轴,45给料链板,46导向料杯,47第一级调整料杯,48第二级调整料杯,49点插播种器,50第三级调整料杯,51配重盘,52支撑架,53第一主动异形不完全齿轮,54第一被动异形不完全齿轮,55第二被动异形不完全齿轮,56第三被动异形不完全齿轮。 In the picture, 1 rack, 2 feed bins, 3 crawler chassis assemblies, 4 microcomputer control systems, 5 engines, 6 consoles, 7 soil levelers, 8 lifting devices, 9 feeders, 10 sub-tubes , 11 first positioning plate, 12 second positioning plate, 13-point inserting seeder assembly, 14-point insertion lifting device, 15 scooping lifting cup, 16 cylinders, 17-point insertion lifting device, 20 transmission spindle, 21 first Drive chain, 22 second drive chain, 23 first drive sprocket, 24 second drive sprocket, 25 first drive sprocket, 26 third drive chain, 27 second drive sprocket, 28 third drive sprocket, 29 third drive shaft, 30 fourth drive chain, 31 fifth drive chain, 32 fourth drive shaft, 33 eccentric shaft, 34 link, 35 shaft, 36 first drive gear, 37 second drive gear, 38 third Drive gear, 39 first driven gear, 40 second driven gear, 41 third driven gear, 42 leakage hole, 43 drive shaft, 44 lifting shaft, 45 feed chain plate, 46 guide cup, 47 First-level adjustment cup, 48 second-level adjustment cup, 49-point inserter, 50 third-level adjustment cup, 51 counterweight, 52 support frame, 53 first active profile is not complete Round, 54 of the first passive profiled partial gear 55 of the second passive shaped partial gear 56 is not completely shaped third passive gear.
具体实施方式detailed description
附图为本发明的一种具体实施例。如附图1所示,大蒜播种机,其特征在于:包括机架1、发动机5、传动总成、气泵、气缸16、履带底盘总成3、土壤整平器7、以及位于履带底盘总成3上方的操作台6、微电脑电控系统4,所述土壤整平器7位于履带底盘总成3的前方的机架1上,所述操作台6的前方设有给料仓2,所述给料仓2与提料装置8连接,所述提料装置8上方均匀安装有若干分料器9,所述每个分料器9下方连接分料管10,所述分料管10底部与导向料杯总成连接,导向料杯总成固定在第一定位板11上,导向料杯总成的下方为调整料杯总成,所述调整料杯总成安装在第二定位板上12,调整料杯总成下方为点插播种器总成13,所述点插播种器总成13安装在开合处理支撑架上,所述导向料杯总成、调整料杯总成和点插播种器总成13分别通过气缸16控制开合,所述点插播种器总成13通过点插升降装置控制升降,通过行走系统控制步进幅度。The drawings are a specific embodiment of the invention. As shown in FIG. 1, the garlic planter is characterized in that it comprises a frame 1, an engine 5, a transmission assembly, an air pump, a cylinder 16, a crawler chassis assembly 3, a soil leveler 7, and a crawler chassis assembly. 3 above the console 6, the microcomputer electronic control system 4, the soil leveler 7 is located on the frame 1 in front of the track chassis assembly 3, and the front of the console 6 is provided with a feed bin 2, The feeding bin 2 is connected with the feeding device 8, and a plurality of distributors 9 are evenly mounted above the lifting device 8, and a distributor pipe 10 is connected below each of the distributors 9, and the bottom of the distribution pipe 10 is The guide cup assembly is connected, the guide cup assembly is fixed on the first positioning plate 11, and the lower portion of the guide cup assembly is an adjustment cup assembly, and the adjustment cup assembly is mounted on the second positioning plate 12 Below the adjustment cup assembly is a point inserter assembly 13, which is mounted on the opening and closing treatment support frame, the guide cup assembly, the adjustment cup assembly and the point insertion The seeder assembly 13 is controlled to open and close by a cylinder 16 respectively, and the point inserter assembly 13 is controlled by a point-lifting device. By running the system controlling step amplitude.
如附图2所示,传动总成包括安装在机架1内部的传动主轴20、以及安装在传动主轴20上的第一主动链轮25和第二主动链轮24,第一主动链轮25与行走系统的第一传动链轮23连接的第一传动链条21,第二主动链轮24与点插升降装置上的传动轴43连接的第二传动链条22,传动轴43与升降轴44连接的第三传动链条26,升降轴44两端的第二传动链轮27,传动轴43的一端设有第三传动链轮28,所述第三传动链轮28与给料仓2内的第三传动轴29通过第四传动链条30连接,第三传动轴29通过第五传动链条31带动第四传动轴32,所述第一传动链轮23与第二传动链轮27上均安装有偏心轴33,分别控制行走系统的步进幅度和点插升降装置的升降高度。As shown in FIG. 2, the transmission assembly includes a drive spindle 20 mounted inside the frame 1, and a first drive sprocket 25 and a second drive sprocket 24 mounted on the drive spindle 20, the first drive sprocket 25 a first transmission chain 21 connected to the first drive sprocket 23 of the travel system, a second drive chain 22 connected to the drive shaft 43 on the point-lifting device, and a transmission shaft 43 connected to the lift shaft 44 The third transmission chain 26, the second transmission sprocket 27 at both ends of the lifting shaft 44, one end of the transmission shaft 43 is provided with a third transmission sprocket 28, and the third transmission sprocket 28 and the third in the feeding bin 2 The transmission shaft 29 is connected by a fourth transmission chain 30, and the third transmission shaft 29 drives the fourth transmission shaft 32 through the fifth transmission chain 31. The first transmission sprocket 23 and the second transmission sprocket 27 are mounted with an eccentric shaft. 33. Control the stepping amplitude of the walking system and the lifting height of the point lifting device respectively.
所述提料装置8包括对称安装在给料仓2上、下两端的第三传动轴29和第四传动轴32,第三传动轴29和第四传动轴32两端的链轮,以及环形安装于第三传动轴29和第四传动轴之间32的给料链板45,所述给料链板45上均匀交错安装有若干列勺式提料杯15,如附图4所示,所述勺式提料杯15为下凹的弧形勺状结构,使用高强度材料注塑成型,便于安装更换,空间为一粒蒜种的体积, 保证每个勺式提料杯每次提取一粒蒜种,每列勺式提料杯15与分料器9一一对应设置。所述机架1上还安装有调整链轮,所述调整链轮与第五传动链条31啮合,通过控制传动链条的张紧程度控制给料链板的角度,从而调整勺式提料杯15上蒜瓣的下落方位,保证蒜瓣准确落入分料器9中,如附图5所示,所述分料器9分为n组,呈“U”型槽结构,n组分料器9长短间隔交错分布,所述每个U型槽的下方有漏种孔42,漏种孔42与分料管10连接,使得每粒从勺式提料杯15内输送到分料器9的蒜种进入分料管10,沿分料管10进入导向料杯总成。The picking device 8 includes a third drive shaft 29 and a fourth drive shaft 32 symmetrically mounted on the upper and lower ends of the feed bin 2, a sprocket at both ends of the third drive shaft 29 and the fourth drive shaft 32, and a ring mount a feeding chain plate 45 between the third transmission shaft 29 and the fourth transmission shaft 32, and a plurality of rows of scooping cups 15 are evenly staggered on the feeding chain plate 45, as shown in FIG. The spoon-type feeding cup 15 is a concave curved spoon-like structure, which is injection molded using a high-strength material, which is convenient for installation and replacement, and the space is a volume of garlic. It is ensured that each scoop type feeding cup is extracted one garlic at a time, and each scoop type feeding cup 15 is arranged correspondingly with the feeder 9. The frame 1 is further equipped with an adjustment sprocket, the adjustment sprocket meshes with the fifth transmission chain 31, and controls the angle of the feed chain plate by controlling the tension of the transmission chain, thereby adjusting the spoon type cup 15 The falling position of the upper garlic clove ensures that the garlic cloves accurately fall into the feeder 9. As shown in FIG. 5, the distributor 9 is divided into n groups, which are in a "U"-shaped groove structure, and the length of the n-component feeder 9 is short. The spacers are staggered, and each of the U-shaped grooves has a seed hole 42 below, and the seed hole 42 is connected to the material distribution pipe 10, so that each grain is transported from the spoon type cup 15 to the distributor 9 Enter the dispensing tube 10 and enter the guiding cup assembly along the dispensing tube 10.
如附图3所示,所述导向料杯总成包括n排导向料杯46,以及固定在每排导向料杯46两侧边沿上的转轴35,所述每排上导向料杯46与分料管10一一对应,所述导向料杯46为两片壳体对接成的漏斗形结构,底部设有锥形漏种管,其左、右杯沿分别固定在转轴35上,转轴35两端穿过第一定位11板与齿轮组连接,所述齿轮在气缸16的带动下转动,从而带动转轴转动。气缸16伸缩带动第一主动齿轮转动,第一主动齿轮分别通过链条和转轴带动第二主动齿轮和第三主动齿轮38转动,第二主动齿轮37通过转轴35带动第二从动齿轮40转动,第二从动齿轮40拨动第三从动齿轮41转动,第三主动齿轮38拨动第一从动齿轮39转动,使得每排导向料杯两侧的转轴35沿相反的方向转动,从而带动每排导向料杯完成张开、闭合动作。As shown in FIG. 3, the guide cup assembly includes n rows of guide cups 46, and a rotating shaft 35 fixed to the both sides of each row of the guide cups 46, the guide cups 46 and the points on each row. The material guiding tube 46 is a one-to-one correspondence, the guiding material cup 46 is a funnel-shaped structure in which two pieces of shells are butted, and the bottom is provided with a cone-shaped leaking tube, and the left and right cup edges are respectively fixed on the rotating shaft 35, and the rotating shaft 35 is two The end is connected to the gear set through the first positioning 11 plate, and the gear rotates under the driving of the cylinder 16, thereby driving the rotating shaft to rotate. The first driving gear rotates, and the first driving gear drives the second driving gear and the third driving gear 38 to rotate through the chain and the rotating shaft, and the second driving gear 37 drives the second driven gear 40 to rotate through the rotating shaft 35. The second driven gear 40 toggles the third driven gear 41 to rotate, and the third driving gear 38 rotates the first driven gear 39 to rotate, so that the rotating shafts 35 on both sides of each row of guiding cups rotate in opposite directions, thereby driving each The discharge guide cup completes the opening and closing action.
如附图4和7所示,所述调整料杯总成包括上、中、下分布的三级调整料杯,所述第一级调整料杯47包括n排与导向料杯46上下一一对应的料杯,所述第一级调整料杯47为两个四分之一球壳体对接成的碗状结构,;第二级调整料杯48包括n排与第一级调整料杯47上下一一对应的调整料杯,所述第二级调整料杯48两片壳体对接成的漏斗形结构,第三级调整料杯50包括n排与第二级调整料杯48上下一一对应的调整料杯,所述第三级调整料杯50为两片壳体对接成的漏斗形结构,底部设有锥形漏种管,所述第一级调整料杯4、第二级调整料杯48和第三级调整料杯50的左、右杯沿分别固定在转轴35上,转轴35两端穿过第 二定位板12与分别于齿轮组连接,第一级调整料杯47、第二级调整料杯48、和第三级调整料杯50分别在气缸16的带动下,依次完成张开、闭合动作,调整料杯总成工作过程与导向料杯总成类似,通过气缸16分别带动转轴以及开合处理支撑架转动,在此不再赘述,将蒜种方向调整为根部朝下;或者所述齿轮组由4个异形不完全齿轮组成,所述异形不完全齿轮为圆形齿轮和扇形直齿轮一体成型的齿轮结构,气缸16的带动第一主动异形不完全齿轮53转动,第一主动异形不完全齿轮53的扇形直齿轮部分与第一从动异形不完全齿轮54的扇形直齿轮部分啮合,第一从动异形不完全齿轮54的圆形齿轮部分与第二从动异形不完全齿轮55的圆形齿轮部分啮合,所述第二从动异形不完全齿轮55位于第一从动异形不完全齿轮54的上方,第二从动异形不完全齿轮55的扇形直齿轮部分与第三从动异形不完全齿轮56的扇形直齿轮部分啮合,第一主动异形不完全齿轮53与第一从动异形不完全齿轮54带动下排一侧调整料杯两侧的转轴35沿相反的方向转动,第二从动异形不完全齿轮55与第三从动异形不完全齿轮56带动上排另一侧每排调整料杯两侧的转轴35沿相反的方向转动,从而带动每排调整料杯完成张开、闭合动作。第一级调整料杯47、第二级调整料杯48和第三级调整料杯50分别在气缸16的带动下,依次完成张开、闭合动作,将蒜种方向调整为根部朝下。As shown in Figures 4 and 7, the adjustment cup assembly includes upper, middle and lower three-stage adjustment cups, and the first stage adjustment cup 47 includes n rows and a guide cup 46 on the next one. Corresponding cup, the first-stage adjusting cup 47 is a bowl-like structure in which two quarter-ball shells are butted; the second-stage adjusting cup 48 includes n rows and a first-stage adjusting cup 47. The next corresponding adjusting cup, the second-stage adjusting cup 48 has two shells butted into a funnel-shaped structure, and the third-stage adjusting cup 50 includes n rows and the second-stage adjusting cup 48 on the next one. Corresponding adjustment cup, the third-stage adjusting cup 50 is a funnel-shaped structure in which two shells are butted, and a cone-shaped leaking tube is arranged at the bottom, and the first-stage adjusting cup 4 is adjusted by the second stage. The left and right cup edges of the cup 48 and the third stage adjusting cup 50 are respectively fixed on the rotating shaft 35, and the ends of the rotating shaft 35 pass through the first The two positioning plates 12 are respectively connected to the gear set, and the first-stage adjusting cup 47, the second-stage adjusting cup 48, and the third-stage adjusting cup 50 are respectively driven by the cylinder 16 to complete the opening and closing operations in sequence. The working process of adjusting the cup assembly is similar to that of the guide cup assembly. The rotation of the shaft and the opening and closing of the support frame are respectively driven by the cylinders 16, and the details of the garlic are adjusted to the roots facing downwards; or the gears are not described here. The group consists of 4 shaped incomplete gears, which are gears integrally formed by a circular gear and a sector spur gear. The cylinder 16 drives the first active profiled incomplete gear 53 to rotate, and the first active profile is incomplete. The sector-shaped spur gear portion of the gear 53 meshes with the sector-shaped spur gear portion of the first driven irregular-shaped gear 54, and the circular gear portion of the first driven irregular-shaped gear 54 and the second driven irregular-shaped gear 55 The gear portion is meshed, the second driven irregular gear 55 is located above the first driven profiled gear 54, and the sector spur gear portion of the second driven profiled gear 55 is The sector-shaped spur gear portion of the three driven irregular-shaped incomplete gear 56 is meshed, and the first active-shaped partial-complete gear 53 and the first driven-shaped-partially-completed gear 54 drive the rotating shaft 35 on both sides of the lower-side adjusting cup in opposite directions Rotating, the second driven irregular gear 55 and the third driven irregular gear 56 drive the rotating shaft 35 on both sides of each row of the adjusting cup on the other side of the upper row to rotate in opposite directions, thereby driving each row of adjusting cups Complete the opening and closing action. The first-stage adjusting cup 47, the second-stage adjusting cup 48 and the third-stage adjusting cup 50 are respectively driven by the cylinder 16, and the opening and closing operations are sequentially performed, and the garlic direction is adjusted so that the root portion faces downward.
所述点插播种器总成13上均匀分布有n排与第三级调整料杯50一一对应的点插播种器49,所述点插播种器49为两侧壳体对接成的中空锥状结构,上端开口大于下端开口,所述点插播种器49的上下沿固定在开合处理支撑架上,所述开合处理支撑架通过气缸16直接控制开合,将蒜种播种到土壤里,点插播种器总成的工作过程与导向料杯总成类似,通过气缸分别带动转轴以及开合处理支撑架转动,在此不再赘述。The point inserter assembly 13 is evenly distributed with n rows of point inserts 49 corresponding to the third stage adjustment cup 50, and the point inserter 49 is a hollow cone which is butted by the side shells. The upper end opening is larger than the lower end opening, and the upper and lower edges of the point inserter 49 are fixed on the opening and closing processing support frame, and the opening and closing processing support frame is directly controlled by the cylinder 16 to open and close the garlic seed into the soil. The working process of the point inserter assembly is similar to that of the guide cup assembly, and the rotation of the shaft and the opening and closing of the support frame are respectively driven by the cylinders, and will not be described herein.
所述点插升降装置17包括安装在机架前端的平行设置的传动轴43、升降轴44、以及升降轴44两端固定有配重盘51,所述配重盘51为扇形结构并与偏心轴33一体连接,所述偏心轴33背离配重盘33的一端固定有支撑架52,所述支 撑架52上固定有气缸16,气缸16的下端与点插播种器总成13固定连接,所述传动主轴20通过第二传动链条22带动传动轴43,传动轴43通过另一侧第三传动链条26带动升降轴44,升降轴44转动带动配重盘51及偏心轴33转动,偏心轴通过气缸16带动点插播种器总成13上下运动,当该大蒜播种机工作时,气缸16始终处于伸长状态,当停止使用时,气缸16通过收缩将点插播种器总成13抬离地面,防止点插播种器损伤。The point insertion lifting device 17 includes a parallel transmission shaft 43 mounted on the front end of the frame, a lifting shaft 44, and a weight plate 51 fixed at both ends of the lifting shaft 44. The weight plate 51 has a fan shape and is eccentric The shaft 33 is integrally connected, and an end of the eccentric shaft 33 facing away from the weight plate 33 is fixed with a support frame 52, the branch A cylinder 16 is fixed to the bracket 52. The lower end of the cylinder 16 is fixedly connected with the point inserter assembly 13. The transmission shaft 20 drives the transmission shaft 43 through the second transmission chain 22, and the transmission shaft 43 passes through the other side of the third transmission. The chain 26 drives the lifting shaft 44. The lifting shaft 44 rotates to drive the weight plate 51 and the eccentric shaft 33 to rotate. The eccentric shaft drives the point inserter assembly 13 to move up and down through the cylinder 16. When the garlic seeder is working, the cylinder 16 is always at the same time. In the extended state, when stopped, the cylinder 16 lifts the point inserter assembly 13 off the ground by contraction to prevent the point picker from being damaged.
所述行走系统包括第一传动链轮23、固定在第一传动链轮23上的偏心轴33、以及连接偏心轴33与点插升降装置17的连杆34,第一传动链轮23在第一主动链轮25的带动下转动,偏心轴33通过连杆控制点插升降装置的步进幅度,偏心轴的轴长决定了步进幅度的大小。The traveling system includes a first transmission sprocket 23, an eccentric shaft 33 fixed to the first transmission sprocket 23, and a connecting rod 34 connecting the eccentric shaft 33 and the point insertion lifting device 17, the first transmission sprocket 23 being in the A driving sprocket 25 is rotated downward, and the eccentric shaft 33 controls the stepping amplitude of the lifting device through the connecting rod. The axial length of the eccentric shaft determines the magnitude of the stepping amplitude.
本发明使用时,蒜种置于给料仓2中,提料盒将蒜种经分料器9输送至分料管中,蒜种沿分料管10进入导向料杯总成的导向料杯46内进行缓冲存放,导向料杯46在气缸16的带动下张开,蒜种进入第一级调整料杯47,而后掉入第二级调整料杯48,最后掉入第三级调整料杯50,此时蒜种的方向调整为根部朝下,然后进入点插播种器49,点插播种器在点插升降装置和行走系统的协同作用下,规律有序的升降自如,把蒜瓣蒜根朝下栽种到土壤里之后再自动抬起,周而复始井然有序,所述机架1上还可以安装有计数器,记录播种蒜种的数量。 When the invention is used, the garlic is placed in the feeding bin 2, and the picking box transports the garlic through the dispenser 9 to the dispensing tube, and the garlic enters the guiding cup of the guiding cup assembly along the dispensing tube 10. The buffering storage is carried out in the 46, the guiding cup 46 is opened under the driving of the cylinder 16, the garlic enters the first-stage adjusting cup 47, and then falls into the second-stage adjusting cup 48, and finally falls into the third-stage adjusting cup. 50. At this time, the direction of the garlic is adjusted so that the root is facing downward, and then the seeding device 49 is inserted into the point, and the seeding device is inserted into the lifting device and the walking system in a synergistic manner, and the meat is smoothly and gently removed. After being planted down into the soil, it is automatically lifted up, and the order is repeated. The rack 1 can also be equipped with a counter to record the quantity of the seeds sowed.

Claims (10)

  1. 一种大蒜播种机,其特征在于:包括机架(1)、发动机(5)、传动总成、气泵、气缸(16)、履带底盘总成(3)、土壤整平器(7)、以及位于履带底盘总成(3)上方的操作台(6)、微电脑电控系统(4),所述土壤整平器(7)位于履带底盘总成(3)的前方的机架(1)上,所述操作台(6)的前方设有给料仓(2),所述给料仓(2)与提料装置(8)连接,所述提料装置(8)上方均匀安装有若干分料器(9),所述每个分料器(9)下方连接分料管(10),所述分料管(10)底部与导向料杯总成连接,导向料杯总成固定在第一定位板(11)上,导向料杯总成的下方为调整料杯总成,所述调整料杯总成安装在第二定位板上(12),调整料杯总成下方为点插播种器总成(13),所述点插播种器总成(13)安装在开合处理支撑架上,所述导向料杯总成、调整料杯总成和点插播种器总成(13)分别通过气缸(16)控制开合,所述点插播种器总成(13)通过点插升降装置控制升降,通过行走系统控制步进幅度。A garlic planter, comprising: a frame (1), an engine (5), a transmission assembly, an air pump, a cylinder (16), a crawler chassis assembly (3), a soil leveler (7), and a console (6) above the track chassis assembly (3), a microcomputer electronic control system (4), the soil leveler (7) is located on the frame (1) in front of the track chassis assembly (3) a feeding bin (2) is arranged in front of the operating table (6), the feeding bin (2) is connected with the feeding device (8), and a plurality of points are uniformly installed above the lifting device (8) a feeder (9), below each of the distributors (9) is connected to the distribution pipe (10), the bottom of the distribution pipe (10) is connected with the guide cup assembly, and the guide cup assembly is fixed at the first On a positioning plate (11), below the guiding cup assembly is an adjusting cup assembly, the adjusting cup assembly is mounted on the second positioning plate (12), and the bottom of the adjusting cup assembly is a spot seeding The assembly (13), the point inserter assembly (13) is mounted on the opening and closing treatment support frame, the guide cup assembly, the adjustment cup assembly and the point inserter assembly (13) Opening and closing are respectively controlled by the cylinder (16), and the point inserter is always (13) controlled by the lifting device lifting the interpolation point, by walking step amplitude control system.
  2. 根据权利要求1所述的大蒜播种机,其特征是:所述传动总成包括安装在机架(1)内部的传动主轴(20)、以及安装在传动主轴(20)上的第一主动链轮(25)和第二主动链轮(24),第一主动链轮(25)与行走系统的第一传动链轮(23)连接的第一传动链条(21),第二主动链轮24与点插升降装置上的传动轴43连接的第二传动链条22,传动轴(43)与升降轴(44)连接的第三传动链条(26),升降轴(44)两端的第二传动链轮(27),传动轴(43)的一端设有第三传动链轮(28),所述第三传动链轮(28)与给料仓(2)内的第三传动轴(29)通过第四传动链条(30)连接,第三传动轴(29)通过第五传动链条(31)带动第四传动轴(32),所述第一传动链轮(23)与第二传动链轮(27)上均安装有偏心轴(33)。A garlic planter according to claim 1, wherein said transmission assembly comprises a drive spindle (20) mounted inside the frame (1) and a first drive chain mounted on the drive spindle (20) a wheel (25) and a second drive sprocket (24), a first drive chain (21) coupled to the first drive sprocket (23) of the travel system, and a second drive sprocket 24 a second transmission chain 22 connected to the transmission shaft 43 on the point-and-drop lifting device, a third transmission chain (26) to which the transmission shaft (43) is connected to the lifting shaft (44), and a second transmission chain at both ends of the lifting shaft (44) a wheel (27), one end of the transmission shaft (43) is provided with a third transmission sprocket (28), and the third transmission sprocket (28) and the third transmission shaft (29) in the feed bin (2) pass The fourth transmission chain (30) is connected, and the third transmission shaft (29) drives the fourth transmission shaft (32) through the fifth transmission chain (31), the first transmission sprocket (23) and the second transmission sprocket ( 27) An eccentric shaft (33) is mounted on both sides.
  3. 根据权利要求1所述的大蒜播种机,其特征是:所述提料装置(8)包括对称安装在给料仓(2)上、下两端的第三传动轴(29)和第四传动轴(32),第三传动轴(29)和第四传动轴(32)两端的链轮,以及环形安装于第三传动轴(29)和第四传动轴之间(32)的给料链板(45),所述给料链板(45)上 均匀交错安装有若干列勺式提料杯(15),所述每列勺式提料杯(15)与分料器(9)一一对应设置。A garlic planter according to claim 1, wherein said picking means (8) comprises a third drive shaft (29) and a fourth drive shaft symmetrically mounted on the upper and lower ends of the feed bin (2) (32) a sprocket at both ends of the third transmission shaft (29) and the fourth transmission shaft (32), and a feed chain plate annularly mounted between the third transmission shaft (29) and the fourth transmission shaft (32) (45), on the feed chain plate (45) A plurality of rows of scooping cups (15) are evenly staggered, and each of the scooping cups (15) is arranged in one-to-one correspondence with the feeders (9).
  4. 根据权利要求1所述的大蒜播种机,其特征是:所述勺式提料杯(15)为下凹的弧形勺状结构,使用高强度材料注塑成型,空间为一粒蒜种的体积。The garlic planter according to claim 1, wherein the scooping cup (15) is a concave arc-shaped scoop structure, which is injection molded using a high-strength material, and the space is a volume of garlic. .
  5. 根据权利要求1所述的大蒜播种机,其特征是:所述分料器(9)分为n组,呈“U”型槽结构,n组分料器(9)长短间隔交错分布,所述每个U型槽的下方有漏种孔(42),漏种孔(42)与分料管(10)连接。The garlic planter according to claim 1, wherein the distributor (9) is divided into n groups and has a "U"-shaped groove structure, and the n-component feeders (9) are alternately arranged at intervals. There is a seed hole (42) below each U-shaped groove, and the seed hole (42) is connected to the materializing pipe (10).
  6. 根据权利要求1所述的大蒜播种机,其特征是:所述导向料杯总成包括n排导向料杯(46),以及固定在每排导向料杯(46)两侧边沿上的转轴(35),所述每排上导向料杯(46)与分料管(10)一一对应,所述导向料杯(46)为两片壳体对接成的漏斗形结构,底部设有锥形漏种管,其左、右杯沿分别固定在转轴(35)上,转轴(35)两端穿过第一定位板(11)与齿轮组连接,所述齿轮组由4个异形不完全齿轮组成,所述异形不完全齿轮为圆形齿轮和扇形直齿轮一体成型的齿轮结构,气缸(16)带动第一主动异形不完全齿轮(53)转动,第一主动异形不完全齿轮(53)的扇形直齿轮部分与第一从动异形不完全齿轮(54)的扇形直齿轮部分啮合,第一从动异形不完全齿轮(54)的圆形齿轮部分与第二从动异形不完全齿轮(55)的圆形齿轮部分啮合,所述第二从动异形不完全齿轮(55)位于第一从动异形不完全齿轮(54)的上方,第二从动异形不完全齿轮(55)的扇形直齿轮部分与第三从动异形不完全齿轮(56)的扇形直齿轮部分啮合,第一主动异形不完全齿轮(53)与第一从动异形不完全齿轮(54)带动下排一侧调整料杯两侧的转轴(35)沿相反的方向转动,第二从动异形不完全齿轮(55)与第三从动异形不完全齿轮(56)带动上排另一侧调整料杯两侧的转轴(35)沿相反的方向转动,从而带动每排调整料杯完成张开、闭合动作。A garlic planter according to claim 1 wherein said guide cup assembly comprises n rows of guide cups (46) and a shaft fixed to the rim on either side of each row of guide cups (46) ( 35), each row of upper guiding cups (46) is in one-to-one correspondence with the feeding tube (10), the guiding cup (46) is a funnel-shaped structure in which two shells are butted, and the bottom is tapered. The leakage tube has its left and right cup edges fixed on the rotating shaft (35), and the two ends of the rotating shaft (35) are connected to the gear set through the first positioning plate (11), and the gear set is composed of 4 shaped incomplete gears. The special-shaped incomplete gear is a gear structure integrally formed by a circular gear and a sector-shaped spur gear, and the cylinder (16) drives the first active profiled incomplete gear (53) to rotate, and the first active profiled incomplete gear (53) The sector spur gear portion meshes with the sector spur gear portion of the first driven profiled incomplete gear (54), the circular gear portion of the first driven profiled incomplete gear (54) and the second driven profiled incomplete gear (55) The circular gear portion is meshed, and the second driven profiled incomplete gear (55) is located in the first driven profiled incomplete gear Above the (54), the sector-shaped spur gear portion of the second driven profiled incomplete gear (55) meshes with the sector-shaped spur gear portion of the third driven profiled incomplete gear (56), the first active profiled incomplete gear (53) And the first driven profiled incomplete gear (54) drives the rotating shaft (35) on both sides of the lower row side adjusting cup to rotate in the opposite direction, the second driven shaped incomplete gear (55) and the third driven The special-shaped incomplete gear (56) drives the rotating shafts (35) on both sides of the adjusting cup on the other side of the upper row to rotate in opposite directions, thereby driving each of the adjusting cups to complete the opening and closing operations.
  7. 根据权利要求1所述的大蒜播种机,其特征是:调整料杯总成包括上、中、下分布的三级调整料杯,所述第一级调整料杯(47)包括n排与导向料杯(46) 上下一一对应的料杯,所述第一级调整料杯(47)为两个四分之一球壳体对接成的碗状结构;第二级调整料杯(48)包括n排与第一级调整料杯(47)上下一一对应的调整料杯,所述第二级调整料杯(48)两片壳体对接成的漏斗形结构,第三级调整料杯(50)包括n排与第二级调整料杯(48)上下一一对应的调整料杯,所述第三级调整料杯(50)为两片壳体对接成的漏斗形结构,底部设有锥形漏种管,所述第一级调整料杯(47)、第二级调整料杯(48)和第三级调整料杯(50)的左、右杯沿分别固定在转轴(35)上,转轴(35)两端穿过第二定位板(12)与分别于齿轮连接,第一级调整料杯(47)、第二级调整料杯(48)和第三级调整料杯(50)分别在气缸(16)的带动下,依次完成张开、闭合动作。A garlic planter according to claim 1, wherein the adjustment cup assembly comprises a three-stage adjustment cup distributed in the upper, middle and lower portions, the first stage adjustment cup (47) comprising n rows and guides. Cup (46) For the next corresponding cup, the first stage adjusting cup (47) is a bowl-like structure in which two quarter-ball shells are butted; the second-stage adjusting cup (48) includes n rows and The next corresponding adjusting cup on the primary adjusting cup (47), the second-stage adjusting cup (48) is a funnel-shaped structure in which two shells are butted, and the third-stage adjusting cup (50) includes n Aligning with the next corresponding adjusting cup on the second-stage adjusting cup (48), the third-stage adjusting cup (50) is a funnel-shaped structure in which two shells are butted, and a cone-shaped leaking type is arranged at the bottom. The left and right cup edges of the first-stage adjusting cup (47), the second-stage adjusting cup (48) and the third-stage adjusting cup (50) are respectively fixed on the rotating shaft (35), and the rotating shaft ( 35) Both ends are connected to the gear through the second positioning plate (12), and the first-stage adjusting cup (47), the second-stage adjusting cup (48) and the third-stage adjusting cup (50) are respectively When the cylinder (16) is driven, the opening and closing operations are completed in sequence.
  8. 根据权利要求1所述的大蒜播种机,其特征是:所述点插播种器总成(13)上均匀分布有n排与第三级调整料杯(50)一一对应的点插播种器(49),所述点插播种器(49)为两侧壳体对接成的中空锥状结构,上端开口大于下端开口,所述点插播种器(49)的上下沿固定在开合处理支撑架上,所述开合处理支撑架通过气缸(16)直接控制开合。The garlic planter according to claim 1, wherein the point inserter assembly (13) is evenly distributed with n rows of point inserters corresponding to the third stage adjustment cups (50). (49) The point inserter (49) is a hollow cone-shaped structure in which the two sides of the casing are butted, the upper end opening is larger than the lower end opening, and the upper and lower edges of the point inserter (49) are fixed at the opening and closing treatment support. On the rack, the opening and closing treatment support frame directly controls opening and closing by the cylinder (16).
  9. 根据权利要求1所述的大蒜播种机,其特征是:所述点插升降装置(17)包括安装在机架前端的平行设置的传动轴(43)、升降轴(44)、以及升降轴(44)两端固定有配重盘(51),所述配重盘(51)为扇形结构并与偏心轴(33)一体连接,所述偏心轴(33)背离配重盘(51)的一端固定有支撑架(52),所述支撑架(52)上固定有气缸(16),气缸(16)的下端与点插播种器总成(13)固定连接,所述传动主轴(20)通过第二传动链条(22)带动传动轴(43),传动轴(43)通过另一侧第三传动链条(26)带动升降轴(44),升降轴(44)转动带动配重盘(51)及偏心轴(33)转动,偏心轴(33)通过气缸(16)带动点插播种器总成(13)上下运动。A garlic planter according to claim 1, wherein said point-and-drop lifting device (17) comprises a parallelly disposed drive shaft (43), a lifting shaft (44), and a lifting shaft (front) mounted at the front end of the frame ( 44) A weight plate (51) is fixed at both ends, the weight plate (51) is a fan-shaped structure and is integrally connected with the eccentric shaft (33), and the eccentric shaft (33) faces away from one end of the weight plate (51) A support frame (52) is fixed, a cylinder (16) is fixed on the support frame (52), and a lower end of the cylinder (16) is fixedly connected with the point inserter assembly (13), and the transmission main shaft (20) passes The second transmission chain (22) drives the transmission shaft (43), and the transmission shaft (43) drives the lifting shaft (44) through the other third transmission chain (26), and the lifting shaft (44) rotates to drive the weight plate (51) And the eccentric shaft (33) rotates, and the eccentric shaft (33) drives the point inserter assembly (13) to move up and down through the cylinder (16).
  10. 根据权利要求1所述的大蒜播种机,其特征是:所述行走系统包括第一传动链轮(23)、固定在第一传动链轮(23)上的偏心轴(33)、以及连接偏心轴 (33)与点插升降装置(17)的连杆(34),第一传动链轮(23)在第一主动链轮(25)的带动下转动。 A garlic planter according to claim 1, wherein said walking system comprises a first transmission sprocket (23), an eccentric shaft (33) fixed to the first transmission sprocket (23), and a connection eccentricity. Axis (33) A link (34) of the point-and-push lifting device (17), the first drive sprocket (23) being rotated by the first drive sprocket (25).
PCT/CN2016/092008 2015-07-28 2016-07-28 Garlic seeder WO2017016500A1 (en)

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CN108668574A (en) * 2018-07-20 2018-10-19 济南华庆农业机械科技有限公司 A kind of water floats levelling formula seeder and type of seeding
CN111108869A (en) * 2020-01-19 2020-05-08 黑龙江丰沃非凡农业科技发展有限公司 Seed sowing device
CN113056988A (en) * 2021-04-15 2021-07-02 农业农村部南京农业机械化研究所 Discharging control mechanism of multi-path seed sowing device and seed sowing device
CN114158328A (en) * 2021-10-26 2022-03-11 济南华庆农业机械科技有限公司 Garlic seeder with adjustable plant spacing and row spacing
CN115380708A (en) * 2022-08-10 2022-11-25 吉林省锦瀛麻业生物科技有限公司 Industrial hemp flower and leaf harvesting device
CN115462220A (en) * 2022-09-23 2022-12-13 黑龙江省农业机械工程科学研究院绥化分院 Automatic kidney bean sowing equipment

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CN106034506B (en) * 2016-07-28 2018-06-26 济南华庆农业机械科技有限公司 A kind of garlic planter
CN107231868B (en) * 2017-06-30 2023-06-09 济南华庆农业机械科技有限公司 Multi-stage material distributing device for garlic seeder
CN108811628A (en) * 2018-08-10 2018-11-16 济南华庆农业机械科技有限公司 A kind of blanking adjustment device for garlic planter
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CN108323286A (en) * 2018-04-02 2018-07-27 广东海洋大学 A kind of sugarcane Intelligent drainage kind plantation equipment
CN108668574A (en) * 2018-07-20 2018-10-19 济南华庆农业机械科技有限公司 A kind of water floats levelling formula seeder and type of seeding
CN108668574B (en) * 2018-07-20 2024-03-08 济南华庆农业机械科技有限公司 Water floating alignment type seeder and seeding method
CN111108869A (en) * 2020-01-19 2020-05-08 黑龙江丰沃非凡农业科技发展有限公司 Seed sowing device
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CN113056988A (en) * 2021-04-15 2021-07-02 农业农村部南京农业机械化研究所 Discharging control mechanism of multi-path seed sowing device and seed sowing device
CN113056988B (en) * 2021-04-15 2022-05-17 农业农村部南京农业机械化研究所 Discharging control mechanism of multi-path seed sowing device and seed sowing device
CN114158328A (en) * 2021-10-26 2022-03-11 济南华庆农业机械科技有限公司 Garlic seeder with adjustable plant spacing and row spacing
CN115380708A (en) * 2022-08-10 2022-11-25 吉林省锦瀛麻业生物科技有限公司 Industrial hemp flower and leaf harvesting device
CN115380708B (en) * 2022-08-10 2023-09-01 吉林省锦瀛麻业生物科技有限公司 Industrial hemp leaf harvesting device
CN115462220A (en) * 2022-09-23 2022-12-13 黑龙江省农业机械工程科学研究院绥化分院 Automatic kidney bean sowing equipment

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