CN208370178U - A kind of ditching-fertilizing device - Google Patents

A kind of ditching-fertilizing device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN208370178U
CN208370178U CN201820573052.1U CN201820573052U CN208370178U CN 208370178 U CN208370178 U CN 208370178U CN 201820573052 U CN201820573052 U CN 201820573052U CN 208370178 U CN208370178 U CN 208370178U
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China
Prior art keywords
power
ditching
trench digging
shaft
gearbox
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CN201820573052.1U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
张成福
张锦阳
徐勇
徐翠云
张�杰
宁招明
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Gaomi Yifeng Machinery Co Ltd
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Gaomi Yifeng Machinery Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201820573052.1U priority Critical patent/CN208370178U/en
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a kind of ditching-fertilizing devices, it includes rack, equipped with the gearbox being connected by power with power device in rack, fertilizing box is connected in rack, equipped with the power output shaft being laterally arranged on the gearbox, support frame is also hinged in rack, equipped with two transmission cases for being located at gearbox two sides and being connected by power with power output shaft on support frame, the bottom of transmission case is equipped with the line shaft being laterally arranged, two trench digging mounting bases being oppositely arranged are connected by power on line shaft, equipped with along the more ditching knife of its ring cloth in mounting base of ditching, the lower part discharge outlet of fertilizing box connects the spiral distributor that oriented two sides are stretched out, spiral distributor is connect with gearbox dynamic, support frame is also equipped with the fertilising pipe for being located at spiral distributor two sides, the outlet of the open top and spiral distributor of fertilising pipe is correspondingly arranged.Deep ditching and wide fertilising may be implemented in the utility model, has the advantages that trench digging width is big, depth is big and adjustable line-spacing effect.

Description

A kind of ditching-fertilizing device
Technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of ditching-fertilizing devices.
Background technique
It is to improve efficiency and guarantee to produce using mechanization production in existing orchard planting or field planting operation process The effective measures of product yield.Phase before planting needs to be ditched and sowed seeds using machine, before planting phase or middle and later periods, need Fertilizer apparatus is carried out to apply fertilizer for kind of a plant, thus, to realize that above-mentioned trench digging and fertilising need plough and fertilising dress Set two sets of engineering goods.The operational process of plough is that kind of ditch or fertile ditch are outputed on whole good field, and by seed or fertilizer It imports in ditch;The operational process of fertilizer apparatus is fertile ditch to be outputed between rural area, while fertilizer is imported again will be fertile by soil in ditch Material is buried.
Existing plough is divided into mobile and two class of roller, and mobile plough is that ditching knife front end spine buries Earth realizes trench digging by the dragging of engine, and ability of burying is strong, disadvantage be that ditching depth is limited and trench digging width not by Control;The mechanism of action of roller plough is to install ditching knife in the shaft of engine driving, under the turning effort of ditching knife Soil is dug, to kind of ditch or fertile ditch occur, trench digging speed is fast and ditching depth is big, but the soil for having been dug and having been raised due to it Part in earth can be fallen back in above-mentioned kind of ditch or fertile ditch, thus its uniformity of ditching is poor, trench digging width is undesirable, in fruit tree etc. During the fertilising for needing big fertilizer amount, needs to carry out secondary boring ditch and then guarantee the width of ditch.
Utility model content
The technical problem to be solved by the present invention is to provide it is a kind of and meanwhile to two row crops carry out ditching-fertilizing, can guarantee The ditching-fertilizing device for width and the depth of ditching.
In order to solve the above technical problems, provided ditching-fertilizing device includes the rack that can be connect with power vehicle, machine The gearbox being connected by power with power device is housed on frame, fertilizing box is connected in the rack, is structurally characterized in that: the change Equipped with being laterally arranged and stretching out the power output shaft except gearbox both ends on fast case, also it is hinged in rack and is driven by power mechanism The support frame of lifting is moved, two transmissions for being located at gearbox two sides and being connected by power with power output shaft are housed on support frame Case, the bottom of transmission case are equipped with the line shaft being laterally arranged, and the two trench diggings installation being oppositely arranged is connected by power on line shaft , equipped with along the more ditching knife of its ring cloth in mounting base of ditching, the lower part discharge outlet of the fertilizing box connects oriented two sides The spiral distributor of stretching, spiral distributor are connect with gearbox dynamic, and support frame as described above, which is also equipped with, is located at screw distribution The outlet of the fertilising pipe of device two sides, the open top and spiral distributor of the pipe that applies fertilizer is correspondingly arranged.
The power input shaft of the transmission case is connected by power with power output shaft, equipped with the power with transmission case on support frame The shaft that input shaft is arranged concentrically, equipped with the pivoted housing being sleeved in shaft in rack, the power mechanism includes being hinged on rack On actuator cylinder, actuator cylinder piston rod connection on the support frame.
The power output shaft include be arranged in gearbox and end stretch out gearbox except output shaft part, output shaft End in section is equipped with drive sprocket;The end of the power input shaft of transmission case is equipped with setting corresponding with above-mentioned drive sprocket The double strand chain or transmission case for transmitting power are set with outside driven sprocket, corresponding drive sprocket and driven sprocket Power input shaft and output shaft part between be equipped at least one section of intermediate propeller shaft, the end of the power input shaft of transmission case be equipped with Driven sprocket, the both ends of intermediate propeller shaft are all equipped with driven sprocket, two adjacent driven sprockets and corresponding drive sprocket and The all outer double strand chain being set with for transmitting power of driven sprocket.
In the trench digging mounting base it is more ditching knife rotate with it and rotary motion trace formed trench digging face, two trench digging face bottoms Portion is drawn close, top is opened, and the lower part two sides of the transmission case are correspondingly connected with external interface inwardly angled setting from up to down Attachment base is connected on the external interface of attachment base and is obliquely installed and stretches out the section except attachment base with the output shaft of transmission case On the retainer that is connected by power, the trench digging mounting base and retainer are affixed.
The retainer includes being rotatably connected on attachment base and the transmission housing of inwardly angled setting from up to down, described Trench digging mounting base includes being fixed on transmission housing and along its ring cloth, the more installing arms radially extended, the transmission case it is defeated It is connected with power gear in the section that shaft is located in transmission housing, is equipped with and power gear pair on the inner wall of the transmission housing The transmission fluted disc that should be arranged is equipped with steel ball between the power gear and the corresponding gear teeth of transmission fluted disc.
Equipped with trench digging earth-retaining grillage on support frame as described above, trench digging earth-retaining grillage includes connection on the support frame and after going to certainly The top flap of extension, downwardly extending side baffle is connected separately at left and right sides of top flap, and top flap is equipped with for applying The notch that fertile pipe protrudes into.
After adopting the above structure, when needing ditching-fertilizing, support frame swing is driven to be fallen by lifting drive mechanism, two More in trench digging mounting base rotate ditching knife under the power drive of power output shaft, form plane soil and by soil upwards two The state that side raises has been effectively ensured the native depth of plane, and can ditch simultaneously to two row crops;Provided with fertilizing box with And screw spreader, the different size of fertilizer of particle can be applied, it can apply compound fertilizer even farmyard manure and finished product fertilizer Mixture, improve fertilization effect.The structure of the power output shaft of setting can make the distance between two trench digging mounting bases It is adjustable, so as to meet different spacings crop fertilising work.
In conclusion compared with the prior art, the utility model has the following advantages: deep open may be implemented in the utility model Ditch and wide fertilising have the advantages that trench digging width is big, depth is big and adjustable line-spacing effect.
Detailed description of the invention
The utility model will be further described below with reference to the accompanying drawings:
Fig. 1 is a kind of structural schematic diagram of embodiment of the utility model;
Fig. 2 is the structural schematic diagram of the line A-A section view along Fig. 1;
Fig. 3 is the structural schematic diagram that retainer and power output shaft are connected by power in Fig. 1 embodiment;
Fig. 4 is the schematic perspective view of Fig. 1;
Fig. 5 is the stereoscopic schematic diagram of the utility model another kind embodiment;
Fig. 6 is the stereoscopic schematic diagram of the utility model another embodiment;
Fig. 7 is a kind of structural schematic diagram of double strand chain.
Specific embodiment
As shown in Figures 1 to 4, the utility model provides a kind of embodiment of ditching-fertilizing device comprising can with it is dynamic The rack 2 of power locomotive connection, equipped with the gearbox 3 being connected by power with power device in rack 2, power device can be engine The power output device of vehicle can also individually use the structure of engine, be connected with fertilizing box 20, the change in the rack 2 Equipped with being laterally arranged and stretching out the power output shaft 4 except gearbox both ends on fast case 3, also it is hinged in rack 2 by engine The support frame 1 of structure driving lifting, equipped with being located at 3 two sides of gearbox and be connected by power with power output shaft 4 on support frame 1 Two transmission cases 5, the bottom of transmission case 5 are equipped with the line shaft being laterally arranged, are connected by power two be oppositely arranged on line shaft A trench digging mounting base 6, equipped with along the more ditching knife 7, the lower part discharge port of the fertilizing box 20 of its ring cloth in mounting base 6 of ditching Place connects the spiral distributor 22 that oriented two sides are stretched out, and spiral distributor 22 includes material distribution cartridge and the spiral shell being connected in material distribution cartridge Rotation, the import of material distribution cartridge are located at centre and are correspondingly arranged with the lower part discharge port of fertilizing box, and the open at both ends of material distribution cartridge is discharging Mouthful, it is above-mentioned be threaded through sprocket wheel, the structure of chain is connect with gearbox dynamic, support frame as described above 1, which is also equipped with, is located at spiral shell The fertilising pipe 21 of distributing device two sides is revolved, the outlet of the open top and spiral distributor of the pipe 21 that applies fertilizer is correspondingly arranged, and apply fertilizer pipe 21 Top in groove profile, lower part at tubulose, can be convenient above splicing, below can be convenient throwing fertilizer.
As shown in Figure 1 and Figure 4, the power input shaft of the transmission case 5 is connected by power with power output shaft 4, on support frame 1 Equipped with the shaft that the power input shaft with transmission case is arranged concentrically, equipped with the pivoted housing being sleeved in shaft, the power in rack 2 Mechanism includes hinged actuator cylinder 8 on the rack, and the piston rod connection of actuator cylinder 8 is on the support frame.
As depicted in figs. 1 and 2, the power output shaft 4 includes being arranged in gearbox 3 and except end stretching gearbox Output shaft part 41, export shaft part 41 on end be equipped with drive sprocket 9;The length of power output shaft 4 be it is adjustable, scheming In embodiment in 1, the end of the power input shaft of transmission case is equipped with the driven sprocket of setting corresponding with above-mentioned drive sprocket 10, corresponding drive sprocket and driven sprocket are set with the double strand chain for transmitting power outside, do not illustrate this pair in Fig. 2 Row chain item, Fig. 7 illustrate a kind of double strand chain in the prior art, and structure repeats no more, and the benefit using this structure exists In, power transmitting can be carried out using double strand chain, and greatly reduce the power input shaft of output shaft part and transmission case Concentricity requirement, reduces processing and assembly difficulty.
As shown in figures 1 and 3, it is described trench digging mounting base 6 on it is more ditching knife 7 rotate with it and rotary motion trace formed open Groove face, two trench digging face bottoms draw close, top is opened, and the lower part two sides of the transmission case 5 have been correspondingly connected with external interface from upper The attachment base 11 being inwardly arranged is tilted down, is connected with the output being obliquely installed and with transmission case on the external interface of attachment base 11 The retainer 12 being connected by power in the section that axis stretches out except attachment base 11, the trench digging mounting base 6 is affixed with retainer 12, institute Stating retainer 12 includes being rotatably connected on attachment base 11 and the transmission housing of inwardly angled setting from up to down, the trench digging are pacified Dress seat 6 includes being fixed on transmission housing and along its ring cloth, the more installing arms radially extended, the output axle position of the transmission case In being connected with power gear in the section in transmission housing, it is equipped on the inner wall of the transmission housing and is correspondingly arranged with power gear Transmission fluted disc, steel ball is housed between the power gear and the corresponding gear teeth of transmission fluted disc.
With reference to Fig. 1, Fig. 4, trench digging earth-retaining grillage is housed on support frame as described above 1, trench digging earth-retaining grillage includes being connected to support The top flap 13 extended after going on frame 1 and certainly is connected separately with downwardly extending side baffle 14 at left and right sides of top flap, Top flap is equipped with the notch protruded into for fertilising pipe.
As shown in Figure 5 and Figure 6, the utility model provides other two kinds of embodiments, basic structure and above-described embodiment Identical, details are not described herein, the difference lies in that being equipped at least one section between the power input shaft and output shaft part of transmission case Intermediate propeller shaft 42 is all provided with a transmission shaft 42, the intermediate propeller shaft 42 in the embodiment of Fig. 5 in above-mentioned two embodiment More shorter, the crop slightly larger suitable for line-spacing carries out ditching-fertilizing, and the intermediate propeller shaft in the embodiment of Fig. 6 is longer Some, the crop very big suitable for line-spacing carries out ditching-fertilizing, and the end of the power input shaft of transmission case is equipped with driven sprocket 10, The both ends of intermediate propeller shaft are all equipped with driven sprocket 10, two adjacent driven sprockets and corresponding drive sprocket and driven sprocket The all outer double strand chain being set with for transmitting power.
The above citing is only the citing to the utility model preferred forms, does not constitute the limit of the utility model System.It is any to be equal based on the utility model and in conjunction with made by the prior art as the engineers and technicians of the art Transformation should be all within the protection scope of the utility model.

Claims (6)

1. a kind of ditching-fertilizing device, including the rack (2) that can be connect with power vehicle, it is equipped in rack (2) and power device The gearbox (3) being connected by power is connected with fertilizing box (20) on the rack (2), it is characterized in that: filling on the gearbox (3) Have and be laterally arranged and stretch out the power output shaft (4) except gearbox both ends, is also hinged in rack (2) and is driven by power mechanism The support frame (1) of lifting, equipped with being located at gearbox (3) two sides and be connected by power with power output shaft (4) on support frame (1) Two transmission cases (5), the bottom of transmission case (5) is equipped with the line shaft being laterally arranged, opposite set has been connected by power on line shaft The two trench digging mounting bases (6) set, equipped with along the more ditching knife (7), the fertilizing box of its ring cloth on trench digging mounting base (6) (20) lower part discharge outlet connects the spiral distributor that oriented two sides are stretched out, and spiral distributor is connect with gearbox dynamic, institute It states support frame (1) and is also equipped with the fertilising pipe (21) for being located at spiral distributor two sides, the open top and spiral shell of fertilising pipe (21) The outlet of rotation distributing device is correspondingly arranged.
2. ditching-fertilizing device according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: the power input shaft of the transmission case (5) and dynamic Power output shaft (4) is connected by power, the shaft being arranged concentrically on support frame (1) equipped with the power input shaft with transmission case, rack (2) Upper that the pivoted housing being sleeved in shaft is housed, the power mechanism includes hinged actuator cylinder (8) on the rack, actuator cylinder (8) piston rod connection is on the support frame.
3. ditching-fertilizing device according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: the power output shaft (4) includes that setting is becoming The output shaft part (41) except gearbox is stretched out in fast case (3) and end, and the end in output shaft part (41) is equipped with drive sprocket (9);The end of the power input shaft of transmission case is equipped with the driven sprocket (10) of setting corresponding with above-mentioned drive sprocket, corresponding Drive sprocket and driven sprocket outside be set with the power input shaft of double strand chain or transmission case for transmitting power with it is defeated At least one section of intermediate propeller shaft (42) is equipped between shaft part out, the end of the power input shaft of transmission case is equipped with driven sprocket (10), the both ends of intermediate propeller shaft are all equipped with driven sprocket (10), two adjacent driven sprockets and corresponding drive sprocket and The all outer double strand chain being set with for transmitting power of driven sprocket.
4. ditching-fertilizing device according to any one of claim 1-3, it is characterized in that: on the trench digging mounting base (6) It is more ditching knife (7) is rotated with it and rotary motion trace forms trench digging face, two trench digging face bottoms draw close, top opening, described The lower part two sides of transmission case (5) are correspondingly connected with the attachment base (11) of external interface inwardly angled setting from up to down, attachment base (11) it is connected with to be obliquely installed and stretch out in the section except attachment base (11) with the output shaft of transmission case on external interface and move The retainer (12) of power connection, the trench digging mounting base (6) and retainer (12) are affixed.
5. ditching-fertilizing device according to claim 4, it is characterized in that: the retainer (12) includes the company of being rotatably connected on On joint chair (11) and the from up to down transmission housing of inwardly angled setting, the trench digging mounting base (6) include being fixed in transmission shield On shell and along its ring cloth, the more installing arms radially extended, the output shaft of the transmission case is located in the section in transmission housing It is connected with power gear, the transmission fluted disc being correspondingly arranged with power gear, the power are housed on the inner wall of the transmission housing Steel ball is housed between the gear gear teeth corresponding with transmission fluted disc.
6. ditching-fertilizing device according to any one of claim 1-3, it is characterized in that: being equipped on support frame as described above (1) Trench digging earth-retaining grillage, trench digging earth-retaining grillage include the top flap (13) for being connected on support frame (1) and extending after going to certainly, top Downwardly extending side baffle (14) is connected separately at left and right sides of portion's baffle, top flap is equipped with to be lacked for what fertilising pipe protruded into Mouthful.
CN201820573052.1U 2018-04-21 2018-04-21 A kind of ditching-fertilizing device Active CN208370178U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201820573052.1U CN208370178U (en) 2018-04-21 2018-04-21 A kind of ditching-fertilizing device

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201820573052.1U CN208370178U (en) 2018-04-21 2018-04-21 A kind of ditching-fertilizing device

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN208370178U true CN208370178U (en) 2019-01-15

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Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201820573052.1U Active CN208370178U (en) 2018-04-21 2018-04-21 A kind of ditching-fertilizing device

Country Status (1)

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CN (1) CN208370178U (en)

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110249754A (en) * 2019-07-31 2019-09-20 三峡大学 A kind of fruit-bearing forest ditching-fertilizing machine

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110249754A (en) * 2019-07-31 2019-09-20 三峡大学 A kind of fruit-bearing forest ditching-fertilizing machine

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