CN106797737B - Garlic seeder - Google Patents

Garlic seeder Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106797737B
CN106797737B CN201710113514.1A CN201710113514A CN106797737B CN 106797737 B CN106797737 B CN 106797737B CN 201710113514 A CN201710113514 A CN 201710113514A CN 106797737 B CN106797737 B CN 106797737B
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garlic
pipe
seed
turning
guide pipe
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CN106797737A (en
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段群山
段玉
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01CPLANTING; SOWING; FERTILISING
    • A01C9/00Potato planters
    • A01C9/08Potato planters with other distributing devices, e.g. flaps, screws, horizontal turning plates

Abstract

The invention belongs to the field of agricultural sowing machinery, and particularly relates to a garlic seeder which is characterized by comprising a rack with walking wheels, wherein a single-seed taking structure is arranged above the rack, an upright planting structure is arranged below the rack, a garlic bulbil direction control structure matched with the single-seed taking structure and the upright planting structure is arranged between the single-seed taking structure and the upright planting structure, a transmission assembly provides power for the single-seed taking structure, each air cylinder driven by an air pump provides power for the garlic bulbil direction control structure and the upright planting structure, and each air cylinder is connected and controlled by the control assembly; the invention has the beneficial effects that: the garlic sprout-growing machine has the advantages of uniform seeding, stable control of garlic bulbil direction, high planting quality, contribution to garlic growth and implementation of mechanical harvesting, realization of mechanized batch planting, stability, high efficiency, time and labor saving, and great improvement of garlic seeding efficiency and garlic sprout emergence rate.

Description

Garlic seeder
Technical Field
The invention belongs to the field of agricultural sowing machinery, and particularly relates to a garlic sowing machine.
Background
In recent years, the garlic planting area of China reaches more than four hundred and ten thousand mu, the garlic is mainly planted by hand, the labor intensity is high, and the production efficiency is low. The garlic has irregular shapes, and the agricultural seeding requires single-seed, vertical, equidistant and precise seeding, so that the mechanical planting of the garlic is difficult to realize, the garlic is mainly planted in a manual dibbling way, the garlic needs to be stood down or squatted to operate in the processes of ditching, dibbling, covering and the like, the labor intensity is high, the efficiency is low, each adult labor force can only seed 133.3 square meters every day, 150 yuan needs to be paid for each 1 mu of garlic sown, the cost is high, and the garlic can be hired by no one in busy seasons; in addition, artificial planting easily causes various planting modes, is not beneficial to mechanical harvesting and is not in line with the current agricultural mechanized development planning.
According to the related technical level on the current investigation market and the reference of related technical documents, various garlic sowing machines are available on the current market in China, but some problems exist in design, the garlic sowing quality is influenced, and the garlic sowing machines are difficult to popularize and apply in a large area. At present, the key technical problems for restricting the mechanical sowing of garlic mainly appear as follows: (1) precise single-grain seed-taking technology of garlic; (2) A bulbil direction control technology in the garlic planting and seed feeding process; and (3) controlling the uprightness of the garlic seeds after the garlic seeds are buried.
Disclosure of Invention
In order to solve the problems, the invention makes up the defects of the traditional technology and provides the garlic seeder with high efficiency and high planting quality.
The invention is realized by the following technical scheme:
a garlic seeder is characterized by comprising a rack provided with travelling wheels, wherein a single-seed taking structure is arranged above the rack, an upright planting structure is arranged below the rack, a garlic bulbil direction control structure matched with the single-seed taking structure and the upright planting structure is arranged between the single-seed taking structure and the upright planting structure, a transmission assembly provides power for the single-seed taking structure, and cylinders driven by an air pump provide power for the garlic bulbil direction control structure and the upright planting structure and are connected and controlled by a control assembly;
the single seed harvesting structure comprises a closed-loop type garlic harvesting chain driven by a transmission assembly, a plurality of garlic harvesting spoons are uniformly arranged on the garlic harvesting chain, the closed-loop type garlic harvesting chain is sequentially divided into an inclined seed harvesting section, a horizontal seed cleaning section and a recovery section according to a functional area, wherein the inclined seed harvesting section is matched with a seed box, the horizontal seed cleaning section is matched with a garlic bulbil direction control structure, the transmission assembly comprises three power through shafts driven by a power gearbox, and chain wheels are uniformly arranged on the power through shafts;
the garlic bulbil direction control structure comprises a push handle, a turning pipe and a turning guide plate which is horizontally arranged and used for controlling bulbil direction, the push handle is uniformly distributed above one side of a horizontal seed cleaning section of the garlic taking chain, a push handle matrix is connected and unified through a supporting structure and controlled by an air cylinder to realize horizontal displacement change, the turning pipe for bearing garlic is uniformly distributed on the other side of the garlic taking chain, the turning pipe matrix is connected and unified through the supporting structure and controlled by the air cylinder to realize horizontal displacement change, a fixed turning guide plate is borne below the turning pipe, a garlic guide pipe is borne at the side position of the turning guide plate, and the lower end of the garlic guide pipe corresponds to the vertical downward planting structure;
the vertical downward planting structure comprises a propelling guide pipe and a conical three-jaw inserting hand, the propelling guide pipe correspondingly receives the lower end of the garlic guiding pipe, the inner diameter of the three-jaw inserting hand is larger than the outer diameter of the propelling guide pipe, the propelling guide pipe can be inserted into the three-jaw inserting hand to push the three-jaw inserting hand to open and close, a propelling guide pipe matrix is connected through a first supporting structure and is uniformly controlled by an air cylinder to realize vertical displacement change, the three-jaw inserting hand correspondingly receives the lower end of the propelling guide pipe, and the three-jaw inserting hand matrix is connected through a second supporting structure and is uniformly controlled by the air cylinder to realize vertical displacement change;
the control assembly comprises a central processing unit, a traveling counter, a garlic taking counter, a stroke type light touch switch and a timer, wherein the traveling counter counts sprocket teeth of the rolling rollers and transmits data to the central processing unit, the garlic taking counter counts garlic taking scoops of garlic taking chains and transmits the data to the central processing unit, the stroke type light touch switch is arranged between the pushing handle matrix and the turning pipe matrix, the vertical downward-planting structure is controlled by the timer in a timing mode, and the central processing unit processes the data and controls corresponding cylinders.
The U-turn guide plate is of a rectangular frame structure, and steel wires which are arranged longitudinally and transversely in parallel are connected in the frame.
The walking wheel installed below the rack comprises a front direction wheel and two rear driving wheels, and the front direction wheel and the two rear driving wheels are respectively supported by cylinders for adjusting the upper height and the lower height.
And the advancing front and the rear of the rack are respectively provided with a rolling roller wheel, and the rolling roller wheel is driven by a power device on the rack through a transmission chain.
The upper ends of the garlic guiding pipe and the propelling guiding pipe are both in bell mouth structures.
And a baffle ring with a positioning function is fixed on the outer side of the propelling conduit.
The upper opening of the turning pipe is provided with a bearing table with a dustpan-shaped structure, a triangular notch is further formed in the pipe body right below the bearing table, and the diameter of the turning pipe is 30mm.
The diameter of the upper opening of the garlic guiding pipe is 46mm, and the garlic guiding pipe is gradually decreased from top to bottom to the lower opening with the diameter of 30mm.
The three-jaw plug hand comprises three arc triangular pieces and a lantern ring which can be combined into a conical shape, the arc triangular pieces are elastically connected through bolts and tightened through annular springs, and the arc triangular pieces are connected with the lantern ring through connecting rods movably connected through bolts.
The invention has the beneficial effects that: the garlic sprout-growing machine has the advantages of uniform seeding, stable control of garlic bulbil direction, high planting quality, contribution to garlic growth and implementation of mechanical harvesting, realization of mechanized batch planting, stability, high efficiency, time and labor saving, and great improvement of garlic seeding efficiency and garlic sprout emergence rate.
Drawings
The invention will be further described with reference to the accompanying drawings.
Fig. 1 is a front view schematically illustrating the internal structure of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is a right-view structural diagram of the present invention.
FIG. 3 is a schematic diagram of a unit structure for single seed extraction and garlic bulbil direction control.
FIG. 4 is a schematic view of the combination of three power-driven through shafts and garlic-picking chains.
Fig. 5 is a schematic structural view of the head pipe.
Fig. 6 is a schematic structural view of the turn-around guide plate.
Fig. 7 is a schematic view of the structure of the pusher catheter.
Fig. 8 is a schematic structural view of a three-jaw bayonet.
Fig. 9 is a schematic view of the three-jaw hand-transplanting in the vertical transplanting structure in an open state.
In the figure, 1 garlic taking chain, 2 turning guide plate, 3 pushing handle, 4 turning pipe, 5 pushing handle matrix cylinder, 6 turning pipe matrix cylinder, 7 garlic guiding pipe, 8 frame, 9 three-jaw hand inserting cylinder, 10 three-jaw hand inserting, 11 pushing guide pipe, 12 pushing guide pipe cylinder, 13 rolling roller, 14 power box, 15 gear box, 16 driving chain, 17 seed box, 18 air pump, 19 protection pad, 20 line power through shaft, 21 bearing platform, 22 gap, 23 steel wire, 24 baffle ring, 25 lantern ring, 26 annular spring and 27 arc triangle sheet.
Detailed Description
The attached drawing is an embodiment of the invention.
The garlic seeder is a self-propelled type with multiple rows and multiple plants, and is characterized by comprising a rack 8 provided with travelling wheels, wherein a single-grain seed taking structure is arranged above the rack 8, a vertical planting structure is arranged below the rack 8, a garlic bulbil direction control structure matched with the single-grain seed taking structure and the vertical planting structure is arranged between the single-grain seed taking structure and the vertical planting structure, a transmission assembly provides power for the single-grain seed taking structure, each air cylinder driven by an air pump provides power for the garlic bulbil direction control structure and the vertical planting structure, and each air cylinder is connected and controlled by the control assembly;
the single seed harvesting structure comprises a closed-loop type garlic harvesting chain 1 driven by a transmission assembly, a plurality of garlic harvesting spoons are uniformly arranged on the garlic harvesting chain 1, the closed-loop type garlic harvesting chain 1 is sequentially divided into an inclined seed harvesting section, a horizontal seed cleaning section and a recovery section according to a functional area, wherein the inclined seed harvesting section is matched with a seed box 17, the horizontal seed cleaning section is matched with a garlic bulbil direction control structure, the transmission assembly comprises three power through shafts driven by a power gearbox, and chain wheels are uniformly distributed on the power through shafts;
the garlic bulbil direction control structure comprises a push handle 3, a turning pipe 4 and a turning guide plate 2 which is horizontally arranged and used for controlling bulbil direction, the push handle 3 is uniformly distributed above one side of a horizontal seed cleaning section of a garlic taking chain 1, a matrix of the push handle 3 is connected and unified through a supporting structure and is controlled by a push handle matrix cylinder 5 to realize horizontal displacement change, the turning pipe 4 for bearing garlic is uniformly distributed on the other side of the garlic taking chain 1, a matrix of the turning pipe 4 is connected and unified through the supporting structure and is controlled by a turning pipe matrix cylinder 6 to realize horizontal displacement change, a fixed turning guide plate 2 is borne below the turning pipe 4, a garlic guide pipe 7 is borne at the side of the turning guide plate 2, and the lower end of the garlic guide pipe 7 corresponds to a straight garlic planting structure;
the vertical transplanting structure comprises a pushing guide pipe 11 and a conical three-jaw inserting hand 10, wherein the pushing guide pipe 11 corresponds to the lower end of the garlic guiding pipe 7, the inner diameter of the three-jaw inserting hand 10 is larger than the outer diameter of the pushing guide pipe 11, the pushing guide pipe 11 can be inserted into the three-jaw inserting hand 10 to push the three-jaw inserting hand 10 to open and close, the matrix of the pushing guide pipe 11 is connected through a first supporting structure and is uniformly controlled by a pushing guide pipe cylinder 12 to realize vertical displacement change, the three-jaw inserting hand 10 corresponds to the lower end of the pushing guide pipe 11, and the matrix of the three-jaw inserting hand 10 is connected through a second supporting structure and is uniformly controlled by a three-jaw inserting hand cylinder to realize vertical displacement change;
the control assembly includes central processing unit, the counter of marcing, get the garlic counter, stroke form dabs switch and timer, the counter of marcing counts the sprocket teeth of the roller 13 of rolling and conveys data to central processing unit, get the garlic counter and count the garlic spoon of getting garlic chain 1 and convey data to central processing unit, it dabs the switch to be provided with the stroke form between 3 matrixes of push handle and the pipe 4 matrixes of turning round, erect and fall to plant the structure by the timer timing control, central control unit processing data and each corresponding cylinder of electronic control.
The turn-around guide plate 2 is of a rectangular frame structure, and steel wires which are arranged longitudinally and transversely in parallel are connected in the frame. The special shape of the turning guide plate 2 increases the turning speed of the garlic, the steel wires are longitudinally and uniformly arranged, and the gap of the distance of 5mm is kept, so that the height of the garlic seeds with the root downward can be kept unchanged. When the bulbil is downward, the bulbil can fall into the gap because the length of the bulbil is less than 5mm, so that the root part can not lie on the pipe wall but can only lie down, and the turning efficiency can be increased.
The walking wheel of 8 below installations on the frame includes a front direction wheel and two rear drive wheels, and a front direction wheel and two rear drive wheels are respectively supported by the cylinder of height about adjusting. The device is convenient to drive in a non-seeding state or turn around during seeding.
And the front and the rear of the frame 8 are respectively provided with a rolling roller 13, and the rolling rollers 13 are driven by a power device on the frame 8 through a transmission chain. The garlic pressing mechanism is used for planting garlic in front and back directions and pressing garlic, the front rolling roller 13 slightly compacts the ground, and then the garlic is planted.
The upper ends of the garlic guiding pipe 7 and the propelling guide pipe 11 are both in a bell mouth structure.
A stop ring 24 with positioning function is fixed on the outer side of the propelling conduit 11.
The mouth is provided with dustpan column structure's socket 21 on the pipe 4 of turning round, still is provided with the triangle-shaped breach that highly is 5mm on the body under the socket 21, and the pipe 4 diameter of turning round is 30mm, ensures that the garlic kind is standing, when the garlic kind falls into the pipe 4 of turning round, divide into root down and bulbil two kinds of circumstances down: when the bulbil is downward, the cusps of the bulbil can enter the triangular notches along with the transverse movement of the turning pipe 4 along the turning guide plate 2, and when garlic seeds reach the garlic guide pipe 7 interface, the roots of the garlic seeds can firstly fall into the garlic guide pipe 7; when the root part of the garlic seed is downward, the garlic seed cannot enter the triangular gap due to the large size of the root part, and when the garlic seed reaches the position of the interface of the garlic guiding pipe 7, the root part of the standing garlic seed firstly falls into the garlic guiding pipe 7, so that the extremely high turning rate is kept.
The diameter of the upper opening of the garlic guiding pipe 7 is 46mm, and the diameter is gradually reduced from top to bottom to the lower opening with the diameter of 30mm.
The three-jaw inserting hand 10 comprises three arc triangular pieces 27 and a lantern ring which can be combined into a conical shape, the arc triangular pieces 27 are connected through bolts in an elastic mode and tightened through an annular spring 26, and the arc triangular pieces 27 are connected with the lantern ring 25 through connecting rods movably connected through the bolts. The three-jaw hand 10 is separated in three directions after being opened, the soil shape is Y-shaped, namely the middle position is large, garlic seeds can stand upright in the middle without falling down, and the sowing quality is improved.
During garlic planting, the single-seed-taking structure continuously extracts garlic seeds from a seed box 17, after the counter reaches a preset number, the pushing handle 3 matrix pushes the garlic seeds into the turning pipe 4, meanwhile, the stroke light-touch switch is excited, the turning pipe 4 matrix starts to move horizontally, the adjusted garlic seeds are moved into the garlic guide pipe 7 and then slide into the closed three-jaw inserting hand 10, meanwhile, the advancing counter transmits sprocket wheel tooth data to the central processing unit, the processing data controls the whole machine to stop advancing, the three-jaw inserting hand 10 is inserted into soil under the action of the air cylinder, the garlic advancing guide pipe 11 follows the three-jaw inserting hand 10 to open, the garlic seeds fall into the soil, then, the three-jaw inserting hand 10 is lifted, the whole machine continues to advance, and the rolling roller 13 is compacted, so that the garlic planting operation is completed.
The foregoing shows and describes the general principles and features of the present invention. It will be understood by those skilled in the art that the present invention is not limited to the embodiments described above, which are given by way of illustration of the principles of the present invention, but that various changes and modifications may be made without departing from the spirit and scope of the invention, and such changes and modifications are within the scope of the invention as claimed.

Claims (5)

1. A garlic seeder is characterized by comprising a rack provided with travelling wheels, wherein a single-seed taking structure is arranged above the rack, an upright planting structure is arranged below the rack, a garlic bulbil direction control structure matched with the single-seed taking structure and the upright planting structure is arranged between the single-seed taking structure and the upright planting structure, a transmission assembly provides power for the single-seed taking structure, and cylinders driven by an air pump provide power for the garlic bulbil direction control structure and the upright planting structure and are connected and controlled by a control assembly; rolling rollers are respectively arranged in front of and behind the advancing of the rack and are driven by a power device on the rack through a transmission chain;
the single seed harvesting structure comprises a closed-loop type garlic harvesting chain driven by a transmission assembly, a plurality of garlic harvesting spoons are uniformly arranged on the garlic harvesting chain, the closed-loop type garlic harvesting chain is sequentially divided into an inclined seed harvesting section, a horizontal seed cleaning section and a recovery section according to a functional area, wherein the inclined seed harvesting section is matched with a seed box, the horizontal seed cleaning section is matched with a garlic bulbil direction control structure, the transmission assembly comprises three power through shafts driven by a power gearbox, and chain wheels are uniformly arranged on the power through shafts;
the garlic bulbil direction control structure comprises a push handle, a turning pipe and a horizontally arranged turning guide plate for controlling bulbil direction, the push handle is uniformly distributed above one side of a horizontal seed cleaning section of a garlic taking chain, a push handle matrix is connected and unified through a support structure and is controlled by a push handle matrix cylinder to realize horizontal displacement change, the turning pipe for bearing garlic is uniformly distributed on the other side of the garlic taking chain, the turning pipe matrix is connected and unified through the support structure and is controlled by a turning pipe matrix cylinder to realize horizontal displacement change, a fixed turning guide plate is borne below the turning pipe, the garlic guide pipe is borne at the side part of the turning guide plate, the diameter of the upper opening of the garlic guide pipe is 46mm and is gradually reduced from top to bottom to a lower opening with the diameter of 30mm, the lower end of the garlic guide pipe corresponds to a vertical downward-planting structure, a bearing table of a dustpan-shaped structure is arranged at the upper opening of the turning pipe, a triangular notch is further arranged on a pipe body right below the bearing table, and the diameter of the turning pipe is 30mm; the vertical transplanting structure comprises a propelling guide pipe and a conical three-jaw inserting hand, the propelling guide pipe correspondingly receives the lower end of a garlic guide pipe, the three-jaw inserting hand comprises three arc triangular plates and a lantern ring which can be combined into a conical shape, the arc triangular plates are elastically connected through bolts and tightened through an annular spring, the arc triangular plates are connected with the lantern ring through connecting rods movably connected through bolts, the inner diameter of the three-jaw inserting hand is larger than the outer diameter of the propelling guide pipe, the propelling guide pipe can be inserted into the three-jaw inserting hand to push the three-jaw inserting hand to open and close, a propelling guide pipe matrix is connected through a first supporting structure and is uniformly controlled by a propelling guide pipe cylinder to realize vertical displacement change, the three-jaw inserting hand correspondingly receives the lower end of the propelling guide pipe, and the three-jaw inserting hand matrix is connected through a second supporting structure and is uniformly controlled by the three-jaw inserting hand cylinder to realize vertical displacement change;
the control assembly comprises a central processing unit, a traveling counter, a garlic taking counter, a stroke type light touch switch and a timer, wherein the traveling counter counts sprocket teeth of the rolling rollers and transmits data to the central processing unit, the garlic taking counter counts garlic taking scoops of garlic taking chains and transmits the data to the central processing unit, the stroke type light touch switch is arranged between the pushing handle matrix and the turning pipe matrix, the vertical downward-planting structure is controlled by the timer in a timing mode, and the central processing unit processes data and electronically controls corresponding cylinders.
2. The garlic seeder of claim 1, wherein: the turn-around guide plate is of a rectangular frame structure, and steel wires which are arranged in parallel longitudinally and transversely are connected in the frame.
3. The garlic seeder of claim 1, wherein: the walking wheel installed below the rack comprises a front direction wheel and two rear driving wheels, and the front direction wheel and the two rear driving wheels are respectively supported by cylinders for adjusting the vertical height.
4. The garlic seeder of claim 1, wherein: the upper ends of the garlic guiding pipe and the propelling guide pipe are both in a bell mouth structure.
5. The garlic seeder of claim 1 or 4, wherein: and a baffle ring with a positioning function is fixed on the outer side of the propelling conduit.
CN201710113514.1A 2017-02-28 2017-02-28 Garlic seeder Active CN106797737B (en)

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CN106797737B true CN106797737B (en) 2022-12-02

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Families Citing this family (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107347319B (en) * 2017-08-31 2023-03-28 青岛农业大学 Vertical seeder
CN108012633B (en) * 2017-11-27 2021-01-12 西北矿冶研究院 Fence type turning mechanism
CN108496487B (en) * 2018-06-04 2023-08-11 滨州学院 Direction adjusting mechanism for garlic sowing
CN109429639B (en) * 2018-12-29 2023-09-12 济南华庆农业机械科技有限公司 Front-back alternating type efficient garlic seeder
CN115226446A (en) * 2022-06-20 2022-10-25 中国农业大学 Non-circular seed bud orienting mechanism based on machine learning

Family Cites Families (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US6619219B2 (en) * 2001-11-08 2003-09-16 Rural Development Administration Garlic upright-positioning and planting device
CN201623980U (en) * 2010-01-28 2010-11-10 中国农业大学 Garlic seeder
CN101828450B (en) * 2010-05-06 2014-04-30 徐星 Pneumatic garlic seeder
CN103733776B (en) * 2014-01-02 2015-07-01 山东省农业机械科学研究院 Garlic seeder
CN205921988U (en) * 2016-08-15 2017-02-08 山东省农业机械科学研究院 Realize directional garlic of planting and plant cup and garlic crop -planting machine
CN206923270U (en) * 2017-02-28 2018-01-26 段群山 Garlic planter

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