CN206923270U - Garlic planter - Google Patents

Garlic planter Download PDF

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Publication number
CN206923270U
CN206923270U CN201720184653.9U CN201720184653U CN206923270U CN 206923270 U CN206923270 U CN 206923270U CN 201720184653 U CN201720184653 U CN 201720184653U CN 206923270 U CN206923270 U CN 206923270U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
garlic
pipe
cylinder
jaw
takes
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Expired - Fee Related
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CN201720184653.9U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
田嘉祺
段群山
段玉
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Individual
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Individual
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Priority to CN201720184653.9U priority Critical patent/CN206923270U/en
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Publication of CN206923270U publication Critical patent/CN206923270U/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

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Abstract

The utility model belongs to agricultural seeder machinery field, specifically a kind of garlic planter, it is characterized in that, frame including being provided with road wheel, installation simple grain takes kind of a structure above frame, the upright lower cultivation structure of installation below frame, simple grain takes and is disposed with the garlic bulbil direction control structure being engaged with foregoing stream oriented device between kind of structure and upright lower cultivation structure, drive assembly takes kind of a structure to provide power for simple grain, each cylinder of air pump driving provides power for garlic bulbil direction control structure and upright lower structure of planting, and each cylinder is connected by control assembly and controlled;The beneficial effects of the utility model:Sowing is uniform, and garlic bulbil direction controlling is stable, and plantation quality is high, beneficial to Garlic Growth and implements mechanical harvest, realizes that mechanization batch is planted, stability and high efficiency is time saving and energy saving, greatly improves the sowing efficiency of garlic and the bud ratio of garlic kind.

Description

Garlic planter
Technical field
The invention belongs to agricultural seeder machinery field, specifically a kind of garlic planter.
Background technology
Planting garlic area in China's reaches more than 400 ten thousand mu in recent years, plants or based on planting by hand, labor intensity Greatly, low production efficiency.Garlic kind volume morphing has a scrambling, and the sowing of its agronomy requires simple grain, upright, equidistant, accurate Sowing, make garlic mechanization plantation be difficult to always, mainly planted with the mode of human hand program request, trench digging, program request, Cover in the processes such as scholar, need to bend over or squat down to carry out operation, labor intensity is larger, efficiency is low, and each mature labour power is only capable of daily 133.3 square metres of sowing, often sowing 1 mu of garlic needs 150 yuan of payment, and cost is very high, and often goes out in the season in busy farming season The existing phenomenon that nobody can employ;In addition, artificial plantation easily causes cropping pattern various, it is unfavorable for implementing mechanical harvest, is not inconsistent Close present agricultural mechanization development planning.
From the point of view of current investigation in the market related technical merit and access relevant technical literature, China is in the market Existing a variety of garlic planter tools, but all there are problems that in design, influence the seeding quality of garlic, it is difficult to which large area pushes away Wide application.At present, the key technical problem for restricting garlic Mechanization sowing is mainly reflected in:(1) the accurate simple grain of garlic takes kind of a skill Art;(2) garlic transplanting send bulbil Direction Control during kind;(3) the upright degree control technology after garlic kind body buries.
The content of the invention
The present invention makes up the deficiency of conventional art to solve problem mentioned above, there is provided a kind of efficiency high, plants matter Measure high garlic planter.
The present invention is achieved through the following technical solutions:
A kind of garlic planter, it is characterized in that, including the frame of road wheel is installed, installation simple grain takes kind of a knot above frame Structure, the installation of frame lower section is uprightly lower to plant structure, and simple grain takes and is disposed with and foregoing stream oriented device between kind of structure and uprightly lower cultivation structure The garlic bulbil direction control structure being engaged, drive assembly take kind of a structure to provide power, each cylinder of air pump driving for simple grain Power is provided for garlic bulbil direction control structure and upright lower structure of planting, each cylinder is connected by control assembly and controlled;
The simple grain takes kind of structure to include taking garlic chain with the closed loop of drive assembly driving, takes and is uniformly provided with garlic chain It is some to take garlic spoon, the closed loop take garlic chain according to functional regional division for be followed successively by inclination take kind of a section, horizontal clear kind section and Exhausting section, kind of a section is taken to be engaged with plants case wherein tilting, horizontal clear kind section is engaged with garlic bulbil direction control structure, described Drive assembly includes the three action edge axises driven by power transmission-gear box, and sprocket wheel has been uniformly arranged on each action edge axis;
The garlic bulbil direction control structure includes the u-turn of push handle, u-turn pipe and horizontally disposed bulbil direction controlling Guide plate, the clear kind section side top of level for taking garlic chain are evenly equipped with push handle, and push handle matrix is connected by supporting construction and united One is controlled by cylinder, realizes that horizontal displacement changes, and the opposite side for taking garlic chain is evenly equipped with the u-turn pipe for accepting garlic, u-turn Pipe matrix connects unification by supporting construction and controlled by cylinder, realizes that horizontal displacement changes, reverses end for end to undertake fixation below pipe U-turn guide plate, the side position for reversing end for end guide plate undertakes and leads garlic pipe, and the lower end for leading garlic pipe corresponding upright lower plants structure;
The upright lower structure of planting includes promoting conduit and conical three-jaw to take part in, and promotes corresponding accept of conduit to lead garlic pipe Lower end, three-jaw take part in internal diameter more than catheter outer diameter is promoted, and promote conduit to be inserted into three-jaw and take part in what internal promotion three-jaw was taken part in Opening and closing, promote conduit matrix to connect unification by supporting construction and controlled by cylinder, realize that upper and lower displacement changes, three-jaw is inserted Hand is corresponding to accept the lower end for promoting conduit, and three-jaw is taken part in matrix and controlled by the way that supporting construction connection is unified by cylinder, realized up and down Change in displacement;
The control assembly includes central processing unit, counter of advancing, takes garlic counter, stroke type touch-switch and timing Device, traveling counter are counted to the sprocket teeth for rolling disk roller and transfer data to central processing unit, take garlic counter pair Taking garlic spoon to be counted and transferring data to central processing unit for garlic chain is taken, is provided between push handle matrix and u-turn pipe matrix Stroke type touch-switch, for upright lower structure of planting by being controlled during timer, the control of central controller processing data is each to correspond to cylinder.
The guide plate is rectangular frame structure, and inframe is connected with the steel wire of parallel arrangement in length and breadth.
The road wheel of installation includes a front direction wheel and two rear drive sprockets below the frame, respectively high up and down by adjusting The cylinder supports of degree.
The traveling front and back of the frame is also equipped with rolling disk roller respectively, rolls disk roller by conveyer chain by frame On power set driving.
The upper end led garlic pipe and promote conduit is bell-mouth structure of air.
The baffle ring of positioning action is fixed with the outside of the propulsion conduit.
The adapting table suitable for reading for being provided with dustpan shape structure is managed in the u-turn, and three are additionally provided with the body immediately below adapting table Angular breach, u-turn pipe diameter are 30mm.
The garlic pipe back cut diameter of leading is 46mm, is decremented to a diameter of 30mm lower mouth from top to bottom.
The three-jaw, which is taken part in, includes three arc triangle that can be combined into cone shape pieces and the collar, arc triangle piece it Between tightened up by bolt elastic connection and by ring spring, the connection being flexibly connected between arc triangle piece and the collar by bolt Bar is connected.
Beneficial effects of the present invention:Sowing is uniform, and garlic bulbil direction controlling is stable, and plantation quality is high, is given birth to beneficial to garlic Long and implementation mechanical harvest, realize that mechanization batch is planted, stability and high efficiency is time saving and energy saving, greatly improves the sowing efficiency of garlic And the bud ratio of garlic kind.
Brief description of the drawings
The present invention is further illustrated below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings.
Fig. 1 is the internal structure schematic front view of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is the right side structural representation of the present invention.
Fig. 3 is that simple grain takes kind and garlic bulbil direction controlling cellular construction schematic diagram.
Fig. 4 is three action edge axises and the combination diagram for taking garlic chain.
Fig. 5 is the structural representation of u-turn pipe.
Fig. 6 is the structural representation of guide plate.
Fig. 7 is the structural representation for promoting conduit.
Fig. 8 is the structural representation that three-jaw is taken part in.
Fig. 9 is that the upright lower three-jaw for planting structure takes part in open configuration schematic diagram.
In figure, 1 takes garlic chain, and 2 guide plates, 3 push handles, 4 reverse end for end to manage, 5 push handle matrix cylinders, 6 u-turn pipe matrix cylinders, and 7 Lead garlic pipe, 8 frames, 9 three-jaws take part in cylinder, and 10 three-jaws are taken part in, and 11 promote conduits, and 12 promote conduit cylinders, and 13 roll disk roller, and 14 Headstock, 15 gearboxes, 16 drive chains, 17 plants cases, 18 air pumps, 19 protection pads, 20 action edge axises, 21 adapting tables, 22 breach, 23 Steel wire, 24 baffle rings, 25 collars, 26 ring springs, 27 arc triangle pieces.
Embodiment
Accompanying drawing is a kind of specific embodiment of the invention.
The garlic planter of the present invention is the self-propelled type of more plants of multirow, it is characterized in that, including road wheel is installed Frame 8, the top of frame 8 installation simple grain take kind of a structure, the installation of the lower section of frame 8 it is upright it is lower plant structure, simple grain takes kind of structure and upright The garlic bulbil direction control structure being engaged with foregoing stream oriented device is disposed between lower cultivation structure, drive assembly is that simple grain takes kind Structure provides power, and each cylinder of air pump driving provides power for garlic bulbil direction control structure and upright lower structure of planting, institute State each cylinder and control is connected by control assembly;
The simple grain takes kind of structure to include taking garlic chain 1 with the closed loop of drive assembly driving, takes and is uniformly set on garlic chain 1 Have it is some take garlic spoon, the closed loop takes garlic chain 1 to take kind of a section, horizontal clear kind section according to functional regional division to be followed successively by inclination And exhausting section, take kind of section to be engaged with plants case 17 wherein tilting, horizontal clear kind section is engaged with garlic bulbil direction control structure, The drive assembly includes the three action edge axises driven by power transmission-gear box, and chain has been uniformly arranged on each action edge axis Wheel;
The garlic bulbil direction control structure includes the tune of push handle 3, u-turn pipe 4 and horizontally disposed bulbil direction controlling Head guide plate 2, the clear kind section side top of level for taking garlic chain 1 are evenly equipped with push handle 3, and the matrix of push handle 3 passes through supporting construction Connection is unified to be controlled by push handle matrix cylinder 5, realizes that horizontal displacement changes, the opposite side for taking garlic chain 1 is evenly equipped with undertaking The u-turn pipe 4 of garlic, the u-turn matrix of pipe 4 connect unification by supporting construction and controlled by u-turn pipe matrix cylinder 6, realize horizontal position Change is moved, the lower section of u-turn pipe 4 undertakes fixed u-turn guide plate 2, and the side position of u-turn guide plate 2, which undertakes, leads garlic pipe 7, leads The corresponding upright lower cultivation structure of the lower end of garlic pipe 7;
The upright lower structure of planting includes promoting conduit 11 and conical three-jaw to take part in 10, promotes the corresponding undertaking of conduit 11 to lead The lower end of garlic pipe 7, three-jaw take part in 10 internal diameters and are more than the propulsion external diameter of conduit 11, promote conduit 11 to be inserted into three-jaw and take part in inside 10 Promote three-jaw to take part in 10 opening and closing, promote the matrix of conduit 11 to be connected by supporting construction unified by propulsion conduit cylinder 12 Control, realize that upper and lower displacement changes, three-jaw takes part in the lower end that 10 corresponding undertakings promote conduit 11, and three-jaw takes part in 10 matrixes and passes through branch Support structure connection is unified to take part in cylinder control by three-jaw, realizes that upper and lower displacement changes;
The control assembly includes central processing unit, counter of advancing, takes garlic counter, stroke type touch-switch and timing Device, traveling counter are counted to the sprocket teeth for rolling disk roller 13 and transfer data to central processing unit, take garlic counter To taking taking garlic spoon to be counted and transferring data to central processing unit for garlic chain 1, between the matrix of push handle 3 and the u-turn matrix of pipe 4 Stroke type touch-switch is provided with, upright lower cultivation structure during timer by controlling, central controller processing data Electronic Control Each corresponding cylinder.
The guide plate 2 is rectangular frame structure, and inframe is connected with the steel wire of parallel arrangement in length and breadth.The special of guide plate 2 is made Type adds the u-turn speed of garlic, and steel wire is longitudinally evenly distributed, spacing 5mm gap, therefore can keep root garlic kind down It is highly constant.When bulbil down when, because being less than 5mm, so can fall into gap, such root can not can only lie in tube wall Under, it can thus increase the efficiency of u-turn.
The road wheel of the lower section of frame 8 installation includes a front direction wheel and two rear drive sprockets, respectively by adjusting up and down The cylinder supports of height.Conveniently in non-sowing state downward driving, or reversed end for end during sowing.
The traveling front and back of the frame 8 is also equipped with rolling disk roller 13 respectively, rolls disk roller 13 and passes through conveyer chain Driven by the power set in frame 8.For front and rear cultivation garlic, pressure garlic effect, the preceding disk roller 13 that rolls somewhat is compacted ground, Ran Houzai Garlic is planted, the maximum benefit of this structure is planted garlic all in same depth.
The upper end led garlic pipe 7 and promote conduit 11 is bell-mouth structure of air.
The baffle ring 24 for promoting the outside of conduit 11 to be fixed with positioning action.
It is described to reverse end for end the adapting table 21 suitable for reading for being provided with dustpan shape structure of pipe 4, also set on the body of the underface of adapting table 21 It is equipped with the vee that height is 5mm, 4 a diameter of 30mm of u-turn pipe, it is ensured that garlic kind is standing, when garlic kind falls into u-turn pipe When in 4, be divided into root down with bulbil two kinds of situations down:When bulbil down when, with u-turn pipe 4 along guide plate 2 laterally Mobile, bulbil wedge angle can enter in vee, lead the interface of garlic pipe 7 when garlic kind reaches, its root can first fall into and lead garlic In pipe 7;And when root down when, garlic kind due to root volume greatly will not enter vee in, when garlic kind reach lead garlic pipe 7 Interface, the garlic kind root of standing is fallen into first leads in garlic pipe 7, thus maintains high u-turn rate.
The back cut diameter of garlic pipe 7 of leading is 46mm, is decremented to a diameter of 30mm lower mouth from top to bottom.
The three-jaw, which takes part in 10, includes the three arc triangle pieces 27 and the collar that can be combined into cone shape, arc triangle Tighten up by bolt elastic connection between piece 27 and by ring spring 26, lived between arc triangle piece 27 and the collar 25 by bolt The connecting rod of dynamic connection is connected.Point three directions separate after three-jaw takes part in 10 openings, and its soil is shaped as Y shape, i.e. centre position Cave is big, is easy to garlic kind to stand upright on middle non-lodging, improves seeding quality.
When planting garlic operation, simple grain takes kind of structure by ceaselessly extracting garlic kind in plants case 17, after counter reaches predetermined number Garlic kind is pushed into u-turn pipe 4 by the matrix of push handle 3, while excites stroke type touch-switch, and the u-turn matrix of pipe 4 starts to move horizontally, Garlic kind after levelling is moved to and led in garlic pipe 7, and then slides to the three-jaw of closure and takes part in 10, while counter chain of advancing Take turns gear teeth data to central processing unit, processing data control complete machine to halt, three-jaw is taken part in 10 and inserted in the presence of cylinder In soil, conduit 11 is promoted to take part in 10 openings with proceeding to three-jaw, garlic kind is fallen into soil, and then three-jaw is taken part in 10 and lifted, complete machine Move on, roll disk roller 13 and be compacted, fulfil assignment.
The general principle and principal character of the present invention has been shown and described above.It should be understood by those skilled in the art that The present invention is not limited to the above embodiments, merely illustrating the principles of the invention described in above-described embodiment and specification, Without departing from the spirit and scope, various changes and modifications of the present invention are possible, and these changes and improvements all fall Enter in scope of the claimed invention.

Claims (9)

1. a kind of garlic planter, it is characterized in that, including the frame of road wheel is installed, installation simple grain takes kind of a knot above frame Structure, the installation of frame lower section is uprightly lower to plant structure, and simple grain takes and is disposed with the garlic being engaged between kind of structure and uprightly lower cultivation structure Bulbil direction control structure, drive assembly take kind of a structure to provide power for simple grain, and each cylinder of air pump driving is garlic bulbil side Power is provided to control structure and upright lower structure of planting, each cylinder is connected by control assembly and controlled;
The simple grain take kind of structure include with drive assembly driving closed loop take garlic chain, take be uniformly provided with garlic chain it is some Garlic spoon is taken, the closed loop takes garlic chain to take kind of a section, horizontal clear kind section and recovery according to functional regional division to be followed successively by inclination Section, kind of a section is taken to be engaged with plants case wherein tilting, horizontal clear kind section is engaged with garlic bulbil direction control structure, the transmission Assembly includes the three action edge axises driven by power transmission-gear box, and sprocket wheel has been uniformly arranged on each action edge axis;
The u-turn that the garlic bulbil direction control structure includes push handle, u-turn pipe and horizontally disposed bulbil direction controlling is oriented to Plate, is evenly equipped with push handle above the clear kind section side of level for taking garlic chain, push handle matrix by supporting construction connect it is unified by Push handle matrix cylinder controls, and realizes that horizontal displacement changes, and the opposite side for taking garlic chain is evenly equipped with the u-turn pipe for accepting garlic, Reverse end for end pipe matrix and unification is connected by the control of u-turn pipe matrix cylinder by supporting construction, realize that horizontal displacement changes, reverse end for end pipe Lower section undertakes fixed u-turn guide plate, and the side position for reversing end for end guide plate undertakes and leads garlic pipe, lead garlic pipe lower end correspond to it is straight Make cultivation structure;
The upright lower structure of planting includes promoting conduit and conical three-jaw to take part in, and promotes corresponding accept of conduit to lead under garlic pipe End, three-jaw take part in internal diameter and are more than propulsion catheter outer diameter, promote conduit to be inserted into three-jaw and take part in internal for promoting three-jaw intervention Open and close are closed, and are promoted conduit matrix to connect unification by supporting construction and are controlled by propulsion conduit cylinder, realize that upper and lower displacement changes, Three-jaw takes part in the lower end for corresponding to and accepting and promoting conduit, and three-jaw intervention matrix connects unification by supporting construction and takes part in cylinder by three-jaw Control, realize that upper and lower displacement changes;
The control assembly includes central processing unit, counter of advancing, takes garlic counter, stroke type touch-switch and timer, Traveling counter is counted to the sprocket teeth for rolling disk roller and transfers data to central processing unit, takes garlic counter to taking garlic Chain takes garlic spoon to be counted and transfers data to central processing unit, and stroke is provided between push handle matrix and u-turn pipe matrix Formula touch-switch, for upright lower structure of planting by being controlled during timer, central controller processing data Electronic Control is each to correspond to cylinder.
2. garlic planter according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The guide plate is rectangular frame structure, and inframe connects It is connected to the steel wire of parallel arrangement in length and breadth.
3. garlic planter according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The road wheel of installation includes one below the frame Individual front direction wheel and two rear drive sprockets, respectively by the cylinder supports of regulation upper-lower height.
4. the garlic planter according to claim 1 or 3, it is characterised in that:The traveling front and back point of the frame It is not also equipped with rolling disk roller, rolls disk roller and driven by conveyer chain by the power set in frame.
5. garlic planter according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:It is described lead garlic pipe and promote conduit upper end be Bell-mouth structure of air.
6. garlic planter according to claim 1 or 5, it is characterised in that:Positioning is fixed with the outside of the propulsion conduit The baffle ring of effect.
7. garlic planter according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The u-turn pipe is suitable for reading to be provided with dustpan shape structure Adapting table, be additionally provided with vee on the body immediately below adapting table, u-turn pipe diameter is 30mm.
8. garlic planter according to claim 1 or 5, it is characterised in that:The garlic pipe back cut diameter of leading is 46mm, by On be down decremented to a diameter of 30mm lower mouth.
9. garlic planter according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The three-jaw intervention, which includes three, to be combined into The arc triangle piece and the collar of cone shape, tightened up by bolt elastic connection and by ring spring, arc between arc triangle piece The connecting rod being flexibly connected between shape triangular plate and the collar by bolt is connected.
CN201720184653.9U 2017-02-28 2017-02-28 Garlic planter Expired - Fee Related CN206923270U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201720184653.9U CN206923270U (en) 2017-02-28 2017-02-28 Garlic planter

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201720184653.9U CN206923270U (en) 2017-02-28 2017-02-28 Garlic planter

Publications (1)

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CN206923270U true CN206923270U (en) 2018-01-26

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CN201720184653.9U Expired - Fee Related CN206923270U (en) 2017-02-28 2017-02-28 Garlic planter

Country Status (1)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106797737A (en) * 2017-02-28 2017-06-06 段群山 Garlic planter

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106797737A (en) * 2017-02-28 2017-06-06 段群山 Garlic planter

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CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20180126

Termination date: 20200228