CN201623980U - Garlic seeder - Google Patents

Garlic seeder Download PDF

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Publication number
CN201623980U
CN201623980U CN2010201043374U CN201020104337U CN201623980U CN 201623980 U CN201623980 U CN 201623980U CN 2010201043374 U CN2010201043374 U CN 2010201043374U CN 201020104337 U CN201020104337 U CN 201020104337U CN 201623980 U CN201623980 U CN 201623980U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
garlic
shell
sleeve
frame
guide slot
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Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN2010201043374U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
宋建农
杨帅
李永磊
王冲
董向前
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China Agricultural University
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China Agricultural University
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Priority to CN2010201043374U priority Critical patent/CN201623980U/en
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Publication of CN201623980U publication Critical patent/CN201623980U/en
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Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current

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Abstract

The utility model discloses a garlic seeder belonging to the technical field of agricultural machinery. The garlic seeder comprises a seeder frame, a seed extracting mechanism, an orientation mechanism, a seeding mechanism and a driving mechanism. The garlic seeder has the advantages of simple structure, convenient operation as well as high seed extraction and orientation accuracies, and meets the requirement of garlic planting on upward garlic sprout parts, downward root parts and vertical burying, thereby greatly increasing the garlic planting efficiency and quality.

Description

Garlic planter
Technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of garlic planter, belongs to agricultural machinery technological field.
Background technology
The garlic mechanized cultivation is one of difficult problem in China's garlic production process.China's plantation garlic area, output and export volume are all at the forefront in the world.The present situation of domestic planting garlic is mainly planted by hand by garlic farmers.Labour intensity is big, plants of poor qualityly, be badly in need of to replace artificial planting garlic machinery, but also is fit to Chinese planting garlic pattern and the good machinery of planting effect both at home and abroad at present.
External planting garlic machinery can be divided into a lot of classes according to different standards, and can be divided into by the difference of power: manpower or animal power provide power, and tractor provides power.Present domestic garlic transplanter tool technology mainly can be divided into three kinds by planting patterns: garlic program request technology, garlic seeding technique, full-automatic garlic cultivating technology.Existing planting with sowing machine poor quality, the seed level instability is difficult to regulate, and can not adapt to the planting requirement of different regions different cultivars garlic.The agriculture requirement of garlic is suitable for upper seeding, and the lobe bud upwards, and earthing 2-3 cm thick helps emerging.Most garlic planter patents do not have the garlic clove direction-control apparatus, and directly trench digging is sowed, and causing garlic clove to stand upside down can't emerge, and influences output.Two difficult problems during planting garlic, the control of garlic clove direction is buried with the vertical of garlic clove, affects the development of garlic planter always.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of this utility model just is to overcome the difficult point that is present in the existing garlic planter tool, and a kind of simple in structure, easy to operate, practical garlic planter is provided.When this garlic planter can be realized sowing the bud portion of garlic up root bury down and vertically.
Mainly comprise in order to reach the technical scheme that the purpose of this utility model takes: frame, get kind of a mechanism, attitude reference device, sowing mechanism and transmission mechanism, wherein:
Described kind of the mechanism of getting comprises kind of a case, gets kind of a spoon, and by the chain drive that chain and sprocket wheel are formed, baffle plate is planted case and baffle plate and is fixed on the frame, gets kind of a spoon and is connected on the chain, gets kind of a spoon volume and is slightly larger than a garlic clove volume; Chain carries out transmission by sprocket wheel;
Attitude reference device comprises conduit, fills the guide slot of water, is positioned at the directed impeller of guide slot, and a side of described guide slot is positioned at described chaindriven terminal below, and described conduit is fixed by frame, and its upper end links to each other with the port of export of guide slot;
Sowing mechanism comprises plough, crank, and push rod rotates shell, covering device, sleeve, quill; Described quill one end is fixed in and rotates the shell-side face, and the other end inserts the cylinder curved surface of sleeve just, and when described rotation shell rotated, sleeve rotated around quill, to satisfy relative motion between push rod and the sleeve.Sleeve diameter is consistent with the diameter of described conduit lower end, rotates shell and is installed on the two end axles of crank, can rotate around the two end axles of crank; The two end axles of described crank is connected on the frame, an end of push rod is installed in rotation on the crank in rotating shell, the other end of push rod is positioned at sleeve, can be in sleeve linear reciprocating motion, plough is fixed on the frame, be positioned at and rotate before the shell, the covering device that is fixed on the frame is positioned at rotation shell lower left.
Transmission mechanism comprises land wheel and drive disk assembly, and land wheel is moved ahead to be produced power and pass to the sprocket wheel of getting kind of mechanism, rotate shell and directed impeller.
In the above-mentioned garlic planter, a side of described guide slot is provided with linker, and this linker is connected with a water tank by water pipe.
In the above-mentioned garlic planter, be provided with outside the cylinder curved surface of described rotation shell and protect Artenkreis, protect the Artenkreis slightly larger in diameter in rotating the shell diameter, respectively there is a hole identical with described sleeve diameter its top and bottom.
In the above-mentioned garlic planter, push rod and sleeve form variable spaces, and maximum space is slightly larger than the volume of a garlic kind, and minimum space is zero.
In the above-mentioned garlic planter, porose on the blade of described directed impeller.
In the above-mentioned garlic planter, the curve form of described blade is a circular arc, and working face is more smooth circular arc nonreentrant surface, and this shape and garlic kind contact-making surface are little, is beneficial to protection garlic kind and is not damaged and sends into smoothly conduit.
In the above-mentioned garlic planter, the upper end of conduit is infundibulate, links to each other with described guide slot one end, and the lower end of conduit is cylinder.
The beneficial effects of the utility model are: the utility model is simple in structure, easy to operate, get kind, directed accuracy height, planting garlic efficient and quality and the problem of vertically burying have improved down greatly in the garlic sprouts portion that has solved planting garlic requirement root up.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the utility model garlic planter general structure schematic diagram;
Fig. 2 is kind of a spoon, chain and the chain sprocket structure schematic diagram got of the present utility model;
Fig. 3 is directed impeller of the present utility model, guide slot structural representation;
Fig. 4 is a sowing mechanism front view of the present utility model;
Fig. 5 is a sowing mechanism left view of the present utility model.
Among the figure: a kind of case, 2 frames, 3 land wheels, 4 covering devices, 5 rotate shells, 6 ploughs, 7 conduits, 8 water tanks, 9 linkers, 10 directed impellers, 11 guide slots, 12 sprocket wheels, 13 and get kind of a spoon, 14 chains, 15 baffle plates, 16 cranks, 17 push rods, 18 sleeves, 19 and protect Artenkreis, 20 quill.
Embodiment
As shown in the figure, the utility model mainly comprises frame 2, gets kind of a mechanism, attitude reference device, sowing mechanism and transmission mechanism.Get kind of mechanism by kind of case 1, sprocket wheel 12, get kind of spoon 13, chain 14, baffle plate 15 and form, plant case 1 and be fixed on the frame, get kind of spoon 13 and be connected on the chain 14, get kind of spoon 13 volumes and be slightly larger than a garlic clove volume, can be with chain 14 motions.Chain 14 carries out transmission by sprocket wheel 12, and baffle plate 15 is fixed on the frame.Attitude reference device is made up of conduit 7, water tank 8, linker 9, directed impeller 10, guide slot 11.The linker 9 of guide slot 11 1 sides is connected with water tank 8 by water pipe, when directed impeller 10 is released guide slot 11 with the mixture of garlic kind and water, guide slot 11 water levels reduce, linker 9 surfaces, there is air to enter linker 9, linker 9 is sent air into water tank 8 by water pipe, and water tank 8 discharge waters are to keep guide slot 11 former water levels.Directed impeller 10 has circular hole on the blade in guide slot 11, help water is stayed in the guide slot.Conduit 7 is fixed by frame, and the upper end is infundibulate and links to each other with the port of export of guide slot, and the lower end is cylindric and diameter and the vertical equivalent of garlic kind adapt.Sowing mechanism by covering device 4, rotate shell 5, plough 6, crank 16, push rod 17, sleeve 18, protect Artenkreis 19, quill 20 is formed.Quill 20 1 ends are fixed in and rotate shell 5 sides, and the other end inserts the curved surface of column of sleeve 18 circles just, and when described rotation shell 5 rotated, sleeve 18 rotated around quill 20, to satisfy the relative motion between push rod 17 and the sleeve 18.The diameter of sleeve 18 is consistent with the diameter of conduit 7 lower ends.Rotate shell 5 and be installed in by bearing on the two end axles of crank 16, can rotate around the two end axles of crank 16, crank 16 two end axles are fixed on the frame; In rotating shell 5, one end of push rod 17 is installed in rotation on the crank 16, the other end of push rod 17 is in sleeve 18, can in sleeve, do reciprocating linear motion, push rod 17 can rotate around crank 16, then push rod 17 forms variable spaces with sleeve 18, and maximum space is slightly larger than the volume of a garlic kind, and minimum space is zero.Protect Artenkreis 19 and be positioned at the rotation shell 5 cylinder curved surfaces outside, be fixed on the frame, do not rotate, the slightly larger in diameter of protecting Artenkreis 19 is in the diameter that rotates shell 5, its top and bottom respectively have one with the identical hole of sleeve 18 diameters, when the sleeve 18 that has the garlic kind turned over horizontal level, the garlic kind may outside slippage drop out sleeve 18 in advance under the self gravitation effect, will prevent that the garlic kind from dropping out and protect Artenkreis 19 before below the sleeve no show.
Plough 6 was fixed on the frame 2 before rotating shell 5, and covering device 4 is located at and rotates shell 5 lower lefts.Transmission mechanism is made up of land wheel 3 and drive disk assembly, and land wheel 3 power that produces that moves ahead is passed to sprocket wheel 12 and the directed impeller 10 of getting kind of mechanism.Land wheel 3 with get below sprocket wheel and rotate shell 5 and carry out transmission of kind of mechanism by chain, get kind of mechanism's upper right side sprocket wheel 12 and carry out transmission by chain with directed impeller 10.
When garlic planter travelled forward, crank 16 was fixed on the frame 2, did same translational motion forward with frame 2, did not rotate, and rotated shell 5 and obtained power by chain drive, rotated around the two end axles of crank 16.
The utility model course of work is got kind of spoon 13 and get kind from kind of case 1, fills kind through twice, twice clear kind makes to get and has only a garlic kind in kind of the spoon 13, when first clear kind and secondary were planted clearly, the garlic kind of being removed was returned kind of case 1 under baffle plate 15 effects, continue as the garlic kind.Get kind of spoon 13 a garlic kind is sent into guide slot 11, directed impeller 10 rotates counterclockwise, and stirs the garlic kind and moves in water, in this process, because garlic kind center of gravity deflection root, garlic kind bud portion is different with the suffered buoyancy of root in water, thus make the garlic kind in water bud portion root is down up.Subsequently, the garlic kind under directed impeller 10 blades promote along guide slot 11 bud portions down root send into up in the conduit 7.Among the garlic kind slipped into sleeve 18 along conduit under action of gravity, this moment, push rod 17 was slightly larger than the volume of a garlic kind with the space that sleeve 18 forms, and make garlic kind bud portion down root stand in the sleeve up.Along with the rolling forward of rotating shell 5, push rod 17 clockwise rotates around crank 16, outwards motion vertically in sleeve 18, and push rod 16 reduces with the space that sleeve 18 forms, and the garlic kind is outwards pushed up, and prevents that the garlic kind breaks away from sleeve 18 in advance protecting under Artenkreis 19 protections.Plough 6 trench digging chessons, when sleeve 18 was in rotation shell 5 belows, push rod 17 vertically headed into the garlic kind in the soil, and then covering device 4 carries out earthing, finishes a planting garlic.Rotating shell 5 is rotated further, push rod 17 is inwardly motion vertically in sleeve 18, push rod 17 increases with the space that sleeve 18 forms, when sleeve moves to rotation shell 5 tops, the space that push rod 17 and sleeve 18 form is slightly larger than the volume of a garlic kind, obtains second garlic kind from conduit 7 lower ends and back and forth carries out the continuous plantation of garlic with this.When guide slot 11 water levels reduced, linker 9 with the water supply guide slot 11 in the water tank 8, raise water level by water pipe.By adjusting the quantity control spacing in the rows of push rod 17, regulate land wheel 3 and get kind of a speed with the gearratio control of sprocket wheel 12, regulate land wheel 3 and the gearratio control speed of drilling that rotates shell 5, by regulating the gearratio control garlic kind orientation process speed of sprocket wheel 12 and directed impeller 10, comprehensively adjust the each several part gearratio make get kind, sowing and orientation process coupling finally finish the plantation of garlic kind smoothly.The utility model is a construction unit, and a plurality of unit can be set according to actual needs, finishes the multirow planting garlic.The utility model is simple in structure, and is easy to operate, gets kind, directed accuracy height, and planting garlic efficient and quality and the problem of vertically burying have improved down greatly in the garlic sprouts portion that has solved planting garlic requirement root up.
It should be noted last that, above embodiment is only unrestricted in order to technical scheme of the present invention to be described, although the present invention is had been described in detail with reference to preferred embodiment, those of ordinary skill in the art is to be understood that, can make amendment or be equal to replacement technical scheme of the present invention, and not breaking away from the spirit and scope of technical solution of the present invention, it all should be encompassed in the middle of the claim scope of the present invention.

Claims (7)

1. garlic planter, its feature mainly comprises: frame, get kind of a mechanism, attitude reference device, sowing mechanism and transmission mechanism, wherein:
Described kind of the mechanism of getting comprises kind of a case, gets kind of a spoon, and by the chain drive that chain and sprocket wheel are formed, baffle plate is planted case and baffle plate and is fixed on the frame, gets kind of a spoon and is connected on the chain;
Attitude reference device comprises conduit, fills the guide slot of water, is positioned at the directed impeller of guide slot, and a side of described guide slot is positioned at described chaindriven terminal below, and described conduit is fixed by frame, and its upper end links to each other with the port of export of guide slot;
Sowing mechanism comprises plough, crank, and push rod rotates shell, covering device, sleeve, quill, described quill one end is fixed in the shell-side face that rotates, and the other end inserts the cylinder curved surface of sleeve; Sleeve diameter is consistent with the diameter of described conduit lower end; Rotate shell and be installed on the two end axles of crank, can rotate around the two end axles of crank; The two end axles of described crank is fixed on the frame, an end of push rod is installed in rotation on the crank in rotating shell, the other end of push rod is positioned at sleeve, can be in sleeve linear reciprocating motion, plough is fixed on the frame, be positioned at and rotate before the shell, the covering device that is fixed on the frame is positioned at rotation shell lower left.
2. garlic planter according to claim 1 is characterized in that described transmission mechanism comprises land wheel and drive disk assembly, and land wheel is moved ahead to be produced power and pass to the sprocket wheel of getting kind of mechanism, rotate shell and directed impeller.
3. garlic planter according to claim 1 is characterized in that, a side of described guide slot is provided with linker, and this linker is connected with a water tank by water pipe.
4. according to claim 1 or 2 or 3 described garlic planters, it is characterized in that, be provided with in the cylinder curved surface outside of described rotation shell and protect Artenkreis that protect the Artenkreis slightly larger in diameter in rotating the shell diameter, respectively there is a hole identical with described sleeve diameter its top and bottom.
5. according to claim 1 or 2 or 3 described garlic planters, it is characterized in that push rod and sleeve form variable spaces, and maximum space is slightly larger than the volume of a garlic kind, minimum space is zero.
6. according to claim 1 or 2 or 3 described garlic planters, it is characterized in that, porose on the blade of described directed impeller.
7. garlic planter according to claim 1 is characterized in that, the curve form of described blade is a circular arc, and working face is smooth circular arc nonreentrant surface.
CN2010201043374U 2010-01-28 2010-01-28 Garlic seeder Expired - Fee Related CN201623980U (en)

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Cited By (15)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102577709A (en) * 2012-03-02 2012-07-18 王江峰 Garlic planting machine
CN103229618A (en) * 2013-03-14 2013-08-07 青岛大学 Garlic seeder
CN103858570A (en) * 2014-03-02 2014-06-18 董臣 Mechanical type multifunctional high-speed precise seeding apparatus with two-time seed charging and two-time separating
CN104396714A (en) * 2014-09-26 2015-03-11 南通大学 Water tank device used for acquiring garlic cloves with upward sprouts
CN104620733A (en) * 2015-02-08 2015-05-20 河南理工大学 Full-automatic garlic sorting and planting integral machine
CN104692095A (en) * 2015-03-01 2015-06-10 沈阳农业大学 Hydraulic attitude regulating and sorting unit
CN104737684A (en) * 2015-03-01 2015-07-01 沈阳农业大学 Hydraulic posture-alignment seeding apparatus
CN105165193A (en) * 2014-06-18 2015-12-23 中国农业机械化科学研究院 Oriented garlic seeder, orientedgarlic planting device and orientedgarlic planting method
CN106797737A (en) * 2017-02-28 2017-06-06 段群山 Garlic planter
CN108811624A (en) * 2018-04-03 2018-11-16 金华市思内克科技有限公司 A kind of Chinese yam seeding and growing seedling device
US11304363B2 (en) 2016-07-14 2022-04-19 Precision Planting Llc Seed firmer for passive seed orientation within agricultural fields
US11324162B2 (en) 2016-07-14 2022-05-10 Precision Planting Llc Seed firmer for seed orientation adjustment in agricultural fields
US11337362B2 (en) 2016-07-14 2022-05-24 Precision Planting Llc Row unit with vision system for maintaining seed orientation
CN114830889A (en) * 2022-05-31 2022-08-02 山东交通学院 Garlic seed taking and bud aligning device and garlic seeder
US11678601B2 (en) 2016-07-14 2023-06-20 Precision Planting Llc Seed disk with adjustable singulators for seed orientation during planting

Cited By (18)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102577709B (en) * 2012-03-02 2015-01-07 王江峰 Garlic planting machine
CN102577709A (en) * 2012-03-02 2012-07-18 王江峰 Garlic planting machine
CN103229618A (en) * 2013-03-14 2013-08-07 青岛大学 Garlic seeder
CN103858570A (en) * 2014-03-02 2014-06-18 董臣 Mechanical type multifunctional high-speed precise seeding apparatus with two-time seed charging and two-time separating
CN105165193A (en) * 2014-06-18 2015-12-23 中国农业机械化科学研究院 Oriented garlic seeder, orientedgarlic planting device and orientedgarlic planting method
CN104396714A (en) * 2014-09-26 2015-03-11 南通大学 Water tank device used for acquiring garlic cloves with upward sprouts
CN104620733A (en) * 2015-02-08 2015-05-20 河南理工大学 Full-automatic garlic sorting and planting integral machine
CN104692095A (en) * 2015-03-01 2015-06-10 沈阳农业大学 Hydraulic attitude regulating and sorting unit
CN104737684A (en) * 2015-03-01 2015-07-01 沈阳农业大学 Hydraulic posture-alignment seeding apparatus
CN104737684B (en) * 2015-03-01 2016-06-08 沈阳农业大学 Fluid power posture adjustment seeding apparatus
US11304363B2 (en) 2016-07-14 2022-04-19 Precision Planting Llc Seed firmer for passive seed orientation within agricultural fields
US11324162B2 (en) 2016-07-14 2022-05-10 Precision Planting Llc Seed firmer for seed orientation adjustment in agricultural fields
US11337362B2 (en) 2016-07-14 2022-05-24 Precision Planting Llc Row unit with vision system for maintaining seed orientation
US11678601B2 (en) 2016-07-14 2023-06-20 Precision Planting Llc Seed disk with adjustable singulators for seed orientation during planting
CN106797737A (en) * 2017-02-28 2017-06-06 段群山 Garlic planter
CN108811624A (en) * 2018-04-03 2018-11-16 金华市思内克科技有限公司 A kind of Chinese yam seeding and growing seedling device
CN108811624B (en) * 2018-04-03 2021-05-25 金华市思内克科技有限公司 Yam seeding apparatus that grows seedlings
CN114830889A (en) * 2022-05-31 2022-08-02 山东交通学院 Garlic seed taking and bud aligning device and garlic seeder

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CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee
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Granted publication date: 20101110

Termination date: 20130128