CN107683651A - A kind of aspirated-air type rape precision planter - Google Patents

A kind of aspirated-air type rape precision planter Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107683651A
CN107683651A CN201710943889.0A CN201710943889A CN107683651A CN 107683651 A CN107683651 A CN 107683651A CN 201710943889 A CN201710943889 A CN 201710943889A CN 107683651 A CN107683651 A CN 107683651A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
frame
dispenser
aspirated
air type
type rape
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201710943889.0A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
孙步功
何秀成
石林榕
杨小平
赵武云
孙伟
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Gansu Agricultural University
Original Assignee
Gansu Agricultural University
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Gansu Agricultural University filed Critical Gansu Agricultural University
Priority to CN201710943889.0A priority Critical patent/CN107683651A/en
Publication of CN107683651A publication Critical patent/CN107683651A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01BSOIL WORKING IN AGRICULTURE OR FORESTRY; PARTS, DETAILS, OR ACCESSORIES OF AGRICULTURAL MACHINES OR IMPLEMENTS, IN GENERAL
    • A01B49/00Combined machines
    • A01B49/04Combinations of soil-working tools with non-soil-working tools, e.g. planting tools
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01BSOIL WORKING IN AGRICULTURE OR FORESTRY; PARTS, DETAILS, OR ACCESSORIES OF AGRICULTURAL MACHINES OR IMPLEMENTS, IN GENERAL
    • A01B49/00Combined machines
    • A01B49/04Combinations of soil-working tools with non-soil-working tools, e.g. planting tools
    • A01B49/06Combinations of soil-working tools with non-soil-working tools, e.g. planting tools for sowing or fertilising
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01CPLANTING; SOWING; FERTILISING
    • A01C5/00Making or covering furrows or holes for sowing, planting or manuring
    • A01C5/04Machines for making or covering holes for sowing or planting
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01CPLANTING; SOWING; FERTILISING
    • A01C5/00Making or covering furrows or holes for sowing, planting or manuring
    • A01C5/06Machines for making or covering drills or furrows for sowing or planting
    • A01C5/062Devices for making drills or furrows
    • A01C5/064Devices for making drills or furrows with rotating tools
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01CPLANTING; SOWING; FERTILISING
    • A01C5/00Making or covering furrows or holes for sowing, planting or manuring
    • A01C5/06Machines for making or covering drills or furrows for sowing or planting
    • A01C5/066Devices for covering drills or furrows
    • A01C5/068Furrow packing devices, e.g. press wheels
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01CPLANTING; SOWING; FERTILISING
    • A01C7/00Sowing
    • A01C7/002Dibble seeders
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01CPLANTING; SOWING; FERTILISING
    • A01C7/00Sowing
    • A01C7/06Seeders combined with fertilising apparatus
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01CPLANTING; SOWING; FERTILISING
    • A01C7/00Sowing
    • A01C7/20Parts of seeders for conducting and depositing seed
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G13/00Protecting plants
    • A01G13/02Protective coverings for plants; Coverings for the ground; Devices for laying-out or removing coverings
    • A01G13/0256Ground coverings
    • A01G13/0287Devices for laying-out or removing ground coverings
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G25/00Watering gardens, fields, sports grounds or the like
    • A01G25/09Watering arrangements making use of movable installations on wheels or the like

Abstract

The present invention relates to agricultural seeder equipment technical field, more particularly, to a kind of aspirated-air type rape precision planter.Including frame, frame is arranged with land wheel, frame front end is provided with suspension arrangement, it is characterized in that described upper rack is additionally provided with blower fan apparatus, fertilizer apparatus, film covering device and Dripping irrigation device are disposed with blower fan apparatus rear frame, frame front lower portion is provided with site preparation device, plough, big pack roller, preceding covering blade, dispenser, covering device and suppression device are disposed with site preparation device rear frame, described dispenser top is correspondingly arranged on plants case, and described covering device both ends are correspondingly arranged on soil scrapper.Its is simple in construction, easy to operate, sowing uniformly, seed down amount is accurate and operating efficiency is high, mitigate sowing labor intensity, while the agriculture requirement such as the amount of broadcasting, spacing in the rows, line-spacing, kind be deep of rapeseed cultivation can be met.

Description

A kind of aspirated-air type rape precision planter
Technical field
The present invention relates to agricultural seeder equipment technical field, more particularly, to a kind of aspirated-air type rape precision planter.
Background technology
Main oil crops of the rape as China, are widelyd popularize plantation, very big cultivated area are possessed in China. At present, the planting patterns of rape is broadly divided into following several:Artificial growth, its main seeding method are divided into two kinds, and one kind is people Then in artificial broadcast, another kind is artificial breeding and then manually transplanted work trench digging;But both seeding methods use people Work is sowed, and its sowing efficiency is low, wastes time and energy.Man-computer cooperation is planted, i.e., is first ditched with machine and then artificial broadcast again, and it is sowed Efficiency is not improved, and the problem of wasting time and energy still be present.Planting with machinery, currently used seeder is more by Wheat Sowing Directly sowed after kind machine repacking, but because the planting patterns of rape and wheat is there is certain difference, therefore utilize small During wheat planting with sowing machine rape, its sowing effect is poor, is not easy to promote the use of, therefore is difficult the sowing for fundamentally improving rape Efficiency, while can also have the problem of wasting time and energy.Gansu is in Arid&semi-arid area, water scarcity, and seed resource lacks Weary, mechanical seeding broadcast leakage is serious, and seed damage ratio is higher.
The content of the invention
The defects of it is an object of the invention to avoid prior art and a kind of aspirated-air type rape precision planter is provided, effectively Solve the problems, such as that prior art is present.
To achieve the above object, the technical scheme taken of the present invention is:A kind of described aspirated-air type rape precision planter, Including frame, frame is arranged with land wheel, and frame front end is provided with suspension arrangement, is characterized in that described upper rack is also set up There is blower fan apparatus, be disposed with fertilizer apparatus, film covering device and Dripping irrigation device on blower fan apparatus rear frame, before frame End bottom is provided with site preparation device, and plough, big pack roller, preceding covering blade, row are disposed with site preparation device rear frame Kind device, covering device and suppression device, described dispenser top is correspondingly arranged on plants case, described covering device both ends It is correspondingly arranged on soil scrapper.
Described plough is disk structure and is arranged to four, and plough is connected by plastic cement pipeline with fertilizer apparatus Connect, fertilizer apparatus drives fertilization axle to rotate blanking by servomotor, and described dispenser utilizes steel by movable rod mechanism Pipe sleeve cylinder is connected in frame, and earthing compacting device is by connecting rod and dispenser by bolt connection, dispenser and earthing town Pressure device has the free degree rotated perpendicular to the ground, keeps seeding apparatus and earthing compacting device to keep contacting with ground all the time.
Described Dripping irrigation device is supported on frame both ends by support, the evenly distributed arrangement of dispenser, earthing town Pressure device is arranged on frame rear portion.
Described dispenser includes hole sowing wheel back casing and hole sowing wheel procapsid, and duck is provided with hole sowing wheel back casing Mouth, air admission hole and seed inlet are provided with hole sowing wheel procapsid, is correspondingly arranged between hole sowing wheel back casing and hole sowing wheel procapsid There are aspiration disk, interior kinds of bank deposits storehouse and seed scraping device.
The beneficial effects of the invention are as follows:A kind of described aspirated-air type rape precision planter, its simple in construction, operation side Just, sowing is uniformly, seed down amount is accurate and operating efficiency is high, mitigates sowing labor intensity, while can meet broadcasting for rapeseed cultivation The agriculture requirements such as amount, spacing in the rows, line-spacing, kind depth.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is overall structure diagram of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is Fig. 1 of the present invention overlooking the structure diagram;
Fig. 3 is the dispenser structural representation in Fig. 1 of the present invention.
Shown in figure:1. earthing compacting device;2. soil scrapper;3. covering device;4. frame;5. dispenser;5-1. duck Mouth;5-2. hole sowing wheel back casings;5-3. air admission hole;5-4. hole sowing wheel procapsids;5-5. seed inlet;5-6. aspiration disks;It is 5-7. interior Kinds of bank deposits storehouse;5-8. seed scraping device;6. plants case;7. Dripping irrigation device;8. land wheel;Covering blade before 9.;10. film covering device;11. big town Pressure roller;12. fertilizer apparatus;13. plough;14. site preparation device;15. blower fan apparatus;16. suspension arrangement.
Embodiment
The principle and feature of the present invention are described below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, the given examples are served only to explain the present invention, and It is non-to be used to limit the scope of the present invention.
As shown in Figures 1 to 3, described a kind of aspirated-air type rape precision planter, including frame 4, frame 4 are arranged with ground Wheel 8, the front end of frame 4 is provided with suspension arrangement 16, is characterized in that the described top of frame 4 is additionally provided with blower fan apparatus 15, blower fan Fertilizer apparatus 12, film covering device 10 and Dripping irrigation device 7, the front lower portion of frame 4 are disposed with the rear frame 4 of device 15 Site preparation device 14 is provided with, plough 13, big pack roller 11, preceding covering blade are disposed with the rear frame 4 of site preparation device 14 9th, dispenser 5, covering device 3 and earthing compacting device 1, the described top of dispenser 5 is correspondingly arranged on plants case 6, described The both ends of covering device 3 be correspondingly arranged on soil scrapper 2.
Further, described plough 13 is disk structure and is arranged to four, plough 13 by plastic cement pipeline with Fertilizer apparatus 12 is connected, and fertilizer apparatus 12 drives fertilization axle to rotate blanking by servomotor, and described dispenser 5 passes through work Dynamic linkage is connected in frame using steel pipe sleeve, and earthing compacting device 1 is connected by connecting rod and dispenser 5 by bolt Connect, dispenser 5 and earthing compacting device 1 have the free degree rotated perpendicular to the ground, keep dispenser 5 and suppression of soil dress 1 is put to keep contacting with ground all the time.Prevent because ground injustice causes the hanging of machine, and produce dispenser 5 and earthing town Pressure device 1 leaves ground, so as to which broadcast leakage occur and suppress the bad phenomenon of earthing effect.
Further, described Dripping irrigation device 7 is supported on the both ends of frame 4 by support, 5 evenly distributed cloth of dispenser Put, earthing compacting device 1 is arranged on the rear portion of frame 4.
Further, described dispenser 5 includes hole sowing wheel back casing 5-2 and hole sowing wheel procapsid 5-4, hole sowing wheel rear shell Duckbilled 5-1 is provided with body 5-2, air admission hole 5-3 and seed inlet 5-5, hole sowing wheel back casing are provided with hole sowing wheel procapsid 5-4 Aspiration disk 5-6, interior kinds of bank deposits storehouse 5-7 and seed scraping device 5-8 are correspondingly arranged between 5-2 and hole sowing wheel procapsid 5-4.
A kind of described aspirated-air type rape precision planter, its power is provided by the traction power of tractor, and common Agricultural tool equally drives seeder to advance by the way of trifilar suspension.In farm work, installed in seeder front end Site preparation device the soil of surface irregularity is carried out using scraper blade smooth, disc-type furrow opener is ditched, and is arranged simultaneously Fertilizer in fertile device is connected by plastic flexible pipe with disc-type furrow opener, and fertilizer is accurately sprinkled into groove while trench digging It is interior, then soil is flattened through big pack roller again.Fertilizer distributor is rotated using servomotor fertilization axle, and the sheave on fertilization axle is dialled The fertilizer of dynamic fertilising box falls, and the fertilizer in fertilizer box is by gravity, and by the rolling of sheave, last fertile pipe falls into disc-type furrow opener In the trench opened.The rotating speed of servomotor is coordinated to control with the rape precision planter speed of travel, realizes the speed of fertilization axle Control;Be provided with outside sheave on fertilization axle can move left and right with sheave diameter identical annular card, pass through regulation and ring The handle that shape card is connected is controlled the relative position of card and sheave, so as to control dose.Installed on fertilising box Weighing device, the weight of fertilizer in fertilising box, structure fertilising and the closed-loop control system of seeding process can be measured.Seeder covers During film, in order to prevent agricultural mulching from fold occurs in overlay film, overlay film effect is influenceed, is first flattened mulch film with plastic film mulch roller, then use Mulch film is pressed into the ditch that the left and right sides is opened by preceding soil scrapper by pressing wheel, and the small covering blade at left and right sides of frame is again by soil Insert in ditch.Dripping irrigation facility is laid on below film, and water dropping openings realizes Precision Irrigation at sowing, improve nursery into Motility rate and later stage plant grow up strong and sturdy.When sowing link seeding, dispenser travelling forward through frame starts rolls forward, First dazzling, rear sowing is carried out on film.Seeder is provided with aspiration disk, and 2 aspiration holes are connected with duckbilled cave on aspiration disk, seed Kinds of bank deposits storehouse in hole sowing wheel is delivered to through grain conductor, aspiration disk and hole sowing wheel rotate simultaneously, when kinds of bank deposits storehouse is passed through in aspiration hole, negative Under pressure effect, seed is adsorbed on aspiration hole, and as hole sowing wheel rotates, when by seed scraping device, seed is scraped by seed scraping device, Fall to corresponding duckbilled cave, duckbilled dazzling cavitation on soil, by the seed kind to be planted into cave.Recycle town Friction rolling caused by covering device and ground is pressed, the soil suppressed inside covering device is covered in by device intermediate gaps The eyelet pricked on soil, covers seed.The big covering blade of frame or so filling soil into covering device, ensures enough soil Earth can cover hole.Earthing wheel can fluctuate the soil suppressed and be covered in below mulch film, make soil and seeds more Sufficiently contact.Complete integrated seeding operation.
The foregoing is only presently preferred embodiments of the present invention, be not intended to limit the invention, it is all the present invention spirit and Within principle, any modification, equivalent substitution and improvements made etc., it should be included in the scope of the protection.

Claims (4)

1. a kind of aspirated-air type rape precision planter, including frame, frame is arranged with land wheel, and frame front end is provided with suspension dress Put, it is characterized in that described upper rack is additionally provided with blower fan apparatus, fertilising dress is disposed with blower fan apparatus rear frame Put, film covering device and Dripping irrigation device, frame front lower portion are provided with site preparation device, set successively on site preparation device rear frame It is equipped with plough, big pack roller, preceding covering blade, dispenser, covering device and suppression device, described dispenser top pair Plants case should be provided with, described covering device both ends are correspondingly arranged on soil scrapper.
A kind of 2. aspirated-air type rape precision planter as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that:Described plough is disk Formula structure and it is arranged to four, plough is connected by plastic cement pipeline with fertilizer apparatus, and fertilizer apparatus is driven by servomotor Fertilization axle rotates blanking, and described dispenser is connected in frame by movable rod mechanism using steel pipe sleeve, earthing town Pressure device by connecting rod and dispenser by bolt connection, dispenser and earthing compacting device have rotate perpendicular to the ground from By spending, seeding apparatus and earthing compacting device is kept to keep contacting with ground all the time.
A kind of 3. aspirated-air type rape precision planter as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that:Described Dripping irrigation device It is supported on by support on frame both ends, the evenly distributed arrangement of dispenser, earthing compacting device is arranged on frame rear portion.
A kind of 4. aspirated-air type rape precision planter as described in claim 1 or 2 or 3, it is characterised in that:Described seeding dress Put including hole sowing wheel back casing and hole sowing wheel procapsid, be provided with duckbilled on hole sowing wheel back casing, set on hole sowing wheel procapsid There are air admission hole and seed inlet, aspiration disk, interior kinds of bank deposits storehouse are correspondingly arranged between hole sowing wheel back casing and hole sowing wheel procapsid and is scraped Kind device.
CN201710943889.0A 2017-10-11 2017-10-11 A kind of aspirated-air type rape precision planter Pending CN107683651A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201710943889.0A CN107683651A (en) 2017-10-11 2017-10-11 A kind of aspirated-air type rape precision planter

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201710943889.0A CN107683651A (en) 2017-10-11 2017-10-11 A kind of aspirated-air type rape precision planter

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109005703A (en) * 2018-08-22 2018-12-18 田秀丽 A kind of planting after plastic covered all-in-one machine
CN109076846A (en) * 2018-09-06 2018-12-25 冯小宇 A kind of aspirated-air type planting after plastic covered all-in-one machine
CN111295983A (en) * 2020-04-10 2020-06-19 中国农业科学院麻类研究所 Air suction type hole-forming precision seeder for seed sowing

Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2777935Y (en) * 2005-09-06 2006-05-10 陈恒 Air suction type precise film-laying and sowing device
CN101960944A (en) * 2010-08-20 2011-02-02 河北省农业机械化研究所有限公司 Cotton precision planter
CN205812744U (en) * 2016-06-23 2016-12-21 重庆茂旭科技有限责任公司 Electrically driven sucking seeder
CN206118375U (en) * 2016-08-31 2017-04-26 山东胜伟园林科技有限公司 Film mulching sowing machine in ranks
CN206196309U (en) * 2016-11-19 2017-05-31 水利部牧区水利科学研究所 Buried drip irrigation pipe laying driven sucking precise drop planter
CN107155458A (en) * 2017-06-14 2017-09-15 河北农业大学 Air-aspiration type precision planter

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2777935Y (en) * 2005-09-06 2006-05-10 陈恒 Air suction type precise film-laying and sowing device
CN101960944A (en) * 2010-08-20 2011-02-02 河北省农业机械化研究所有限公司 Cotton precision planter
CN205812744U (en) * 2016-06-23 2016-12-21 重庆茂旭科技有限责任公司 Electrically driven sucking seeder
CN206118375U (en) * 2016-08-31 2017-04-26 山东胜伟园林科技有限公司 Film mulching sowing machine in ranks
CN206196309U (en) * 2016-11-19 2017-05-31 水利部牧区水利科学研究所 Buried drip irrigation pipe laying driven sucking precise drop planter
CN107155458A (en) * 2017-06-14 2017-09-15 河北农业大学 Air-aspiration type precision planter

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109005703A (en) * 2018-08-22 2018-12-18 田秀丽 A kind of planting after plastic covered all-in-one machine
CN109076846A (en) * 2018-09-06 2018-12-25 冯小宇 A kind of aspirated-air type planting after plastic covered all-in-one machine
CN111295983A (en) * 2020-04-10 2020-06-19 中国农业科学院麻类研究所 Air suction type hole-forming precision seeder for seed sowing

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Application publication date: 20180213