CN206196309U - Buried drip irrigation pipe laying driven sucking precise drop planter - Google Patents

Buried drip irrigation pipe laying driven sucking precise drop planter Download PDF

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Publication number
CN206196309U
CN206196309U CN201621239407.0U CN201621239407U CN206196309U CN 206196309 U CN206196309 U CN 206196309U CN 201621239407 U CN201621239407 U CN 201621239407U CN 206196309 U CN206196309 U CN 206196309U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
drip irrigation
buried
support assembly
fertilizer
laying
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN201621239407.0U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
田德龙
李泽坤
李奇
徐冰
汤鹏程
任杰
鹿海员
苗恒录
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Jilin Water Resources & Hydropower Reconnaissance & Design Institute
Institute of Water Resources for Pasteral Area Ministry of Water Resources PRC
Original Assignee
Jilin Water Resources & Hydropower Reconnaissance & Design Institute
Institute of Water Resources for Pasteral Area Ministry of Water Resources PRC
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Jilin Water Resources & Hydropower Reconnaissance & Design Institute, Institute of Water Resources for Pasteral Area Ministry of Water Resources PRC filed Critical Jilin Water Resources & Hydropower Reconnaissance & Design Institute
Priority to CN201621239407.0U priority Critical patent/CN206196309U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN206196309U publication Critical patent/CN206196309U/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/10Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in agriculture
    • Y02A40/22Improving land use; Improving water use or availability; Controlling erosion

Abstract

The utility model provides a kind of buried drip irrigation pipe laying driven sucking precise drop planter, belong to the planter technical field in agricultural machinery, including actuating unit, support assembly, suspension haulage gear, fertilizer box mechanism, sowing mechanism, film-covering mechanism, buried laying mechanism and the Liang Ge ground-drivens mechanism in drip irrigation zone.The planter is rational in infrastructure, it is multiple functional, precision drilling, three operations of buried laying of overlay film and drip irrigation zone can simultaneously be realized, improve sowing precision, sowing accuracy rate high, reduce leakage sowing rate and replay rate, aspiration type seeding strong adaptability, it is adapted to various length, circular seed, small is injured to seed, depth of planting is consistent, operation quality is good, speed of drilling is fast, it is practical, the program that underground drip irrigation zone manually buries earthing is reduced, save manpower, drip irrigation zone is arranged on underground certain depth simultaneously, it is possible to increase drip irrigation liquid manure utilization ratio.

Description

Buried drip irrigation pipe laying driven sucking precise drop planter
Technical field
The utility model belongs to agricultural machinery technological field, and in particular to a kind of buried drip irrigation pipe laying air-aspiration type precision program request Machine.
Background technology
As the continuous rising of labour cost, seed kind hold at high price over year, precision drilling is existing from initial being generalized to Ripe application progressively recognized and received by wide farmers.The seeder that current precision drilling is used uses aspirated-air type With finger-clipped mechanism, the maximum shortcoming of finger-clipped precision planter is that seed pelleting easily is clipped broken into influence seeding ratio, city Using less on field, aspirated-air type Precision Seeding Qu Zhong mechanisms have and take kind of a reliability, and high precision saves seed kind, not employment after germination The advantages of break seedling, used with tractor in the majority.Driven sucking precise drop planter operation principle is by the strong of blower fan offer Wind forms negative pressure and adsorbs on seed taking disc seed, and seed taking disc takes seed to some specified location, will be planted by seed scraping device Son is forced to scrape completion sowing.
Existing planter can only typically realize sowing and film coating operation, it is impossible to be sowed, overlay film, buried drip irrigation pipe are buried If three's operation simultaneously, cultivating procedure is cumbersome, tillage implement enter often, the disturbance to soil is big, low production efficiency, it is impossible to The integration of operation of pipe laying, on-demand device is realized, while being usually to lay on the ground dropper in the laying of existing dropper, dropper is filled Irrigate water utilization rate low.
Utility model content
In order to overcome the shortcomings of that above-mentioned prior art is present, the utility model provides a kind of buried drip irrigation pipe laying aspirated-air type Precise sower.
To achieve these goals, the utility model provides following technical scheme:
Buried drip irrigation pipe laying driven sucking precise drop planter, including actuating unit, support assembly, suspension haulage gear, fertilizer box Mechanism, sowing mechanism, film-covering mechanism, buried laying mechanism and the Liang Ge ground-drivens mechanism in drip irrigation zone;
Described suspension haulage gear one end is connected with the suspension arrangement of the actuating unit, and the suspension haulage gear is another End is connected with the support assembly, and the support assembly width is defined as into transverse direction, by the support assembly near described Actuating unit direction is defined as the front portion of the support assembly;
The support assembly lower front is provided with the level land plate for extending transversely and being connected with the support assembly, described Transversely both sides are respectively arranged with the ditching plow being connected with the support assembly, two ground-driven mechanisms to level land postlaminar part It is arranged between the level land plate and the ditching plow, two ground-driven mechanisms are total with the frame by first rotating shaft Into connection, the fertilizer box mechanism is arranged on the ground-driven mechanism top;
The film-covering mechanism is arranged on the ditching plow rear portion, and the film-covering mechanism includes two earthing disks, two press molds Wheel, plastic film mulch frame and roller frame, the plastic film mulch frame are extended transversely and are arranged on the ditching plow rear portion, and the roller frame is anterior and institute The connection of support assembly rear portion is stated, two earthing disks are arranged on the roller frame rear portion both sides, and two pressing wheels are close to The earthing disk is simultaneously arranged between the earthing disk and the plastic film mulch frame;
The sowing mechanism includes blower fan, negative tube, plants case and feed mechanism, and described kind of case is arranged on two press molds In the middle of wheel, the feed mechanism is arranged on described kind of case lower section and is connected with described kind of case, and the blower fan is solid by fan supporter Be scheduled on roller frame top, the blower fan is located between described kind of case and the receptacle, described negative tube one end with it is described Case connection is planted, the negative tube other end is connected with the air outlet of the blower fan;
The buried laying mechanism in drip irrigation zone includes that drip irrigation tape holder and buried drip irrigation zone are shoveled, and the buried drip irrigation zone shovel is set It is connected in the middle of two ditching plows and with the support assembly, it is with holes to offer drip irrigation on the buried drip irrigation zone shovel, institute State drip irrigation zone frame and be arranged on the blower fan top, the drip irrigation tape holder is fixed on the receptacle by laying support.
Preferably, also including roller suppression mechanism and suppression of soil mechanism, the roller suppression mechanism is arranged on the paving Film frame top, the roller suppression mechanism is extended transversely and is connected with the roller frame, and the suppression of soil mechanism is transversely Extend and be connected with the roller frame, the suppression of soil mechanism is arranged on the pressing wheel rear portion.
Preferably, the fertilizer box mechanism includes receptacle, fertilizer Shu Fei mechanisms and fertilizer transmission mechanism, the defeated fertilizer of fertilizer Mechanism is arranged in the receptacle, and the fertilizer transmission mechanism is arranged on receptacle both sides, described fertilizer transmission mechanism one end It is connected with fertilizer box mechanism outer wall by the second rotating shaft, the fertilizer transmission mechanism other end is by the first rotating shaft and institute State the connection of ground-driven mechanism.
Preferably, it is provided with safty shield outside the fertilizer transmission mechanism.
Preferably, the buried drip irrigation zone shovel is Height Adjustable.
The buried drip irrigation pipe laying driven sucking precise drop planter that the utility model is provided is rational in infrastructure, multiple functional, can be simultaneously Realize that three operations are laid in precision drilling, overlay film and drip irrigation zone, raising sowing precision, sowing accuracy rate are high, reduce leakage sowing rate With replay rate, aspiration type seeding strong adaptability is adapted to various length, circular seed, injures small to seed, and depth of planting is consistent, make Industry quality is good, and speed of drilling is fast, practical, reduces the program of artificial earthing, saves manpower, while drip irrigation zone shovel is arranged on Underground certain depth, improves drip-irrigation water resource utilization, economizes on resources.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the buried drip irrigation pipe laying driven sucking precise drop planter of the utility model embodiment 1;
Fig. 2 is that side view is shoveled in buried drip irrigation zone.
Specific embodiment
Below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings, specific embodiment of the present utility model is further described.Following examples are only used for The technical solution of the utility model is clearly illustrated, and protection domain of the present utility model can not be limited with this.
Embodiment 1
The utility model provides a kind of buried drip irrigation pipe laying driven sucking precise drop planter, specifically as depicted in figs. 1 and 2, Including actuating unit 12, support assembly 17, suspension haulage gear 11, fertilizer box mechanism, sowing mechanism, film-covering mechanism, drip irrigation zone ground Laying mechanism and Liang Ge ground-drivens mechanism 7 are buried, actuating unit 12 can be dilatory locomotive head.
Suspension one end of haulage gear 11 is connected with the suspension arrangement of actuating unit 12, hangs the other end of haulage gear 11 and machine Frame assembly 17 is connected, and the width of support assembly 17 is defined as into transverse direction, and support assembly 17 is determined near the direction of actuating unit 12 Justice is the front portion of support assembly 17.
The lower front of support assembly 17 is provided with the level land plate 10 for extending transversely and being connected with support assembly 17, level land plate Transversely both sides are respectively arranged with the ditching plow 6 being connected with support assembly 17 at 10 rear portions, and Liang Ge ground-drivens mechanism 7 is arranged on flat Between floor 10 and ditching plow 6, Liang Ge ground-drivens mechanism 7 is connected by first rotating shaft with support assembly 17, and fertilizer box mechanism sets Put in the top of ground-driven mechanism 7.
Film-covering mechanism is arranged on the rear portion of ditching plow 6, and film-covering mechanism includes two earthing disks 1, two pressing wheels 2, plastic film mulch framves 4 With roller frame 19, plastic film mulch frame 4 extended transversely and is arranged on the rear portion of ditching plow 6, and roller frame 19 is anterior to be connected with the rear portion of support assembly 17 Connect, two earthing disks 1 are arranged on the rear portion both sides of roller frame 19, and two pressing wheels 2 are near earthing disk 1 and are arranged on the He of earthing disk 1 Between plastic film mulch frame 4.
Sowing mechanism includes negative-pressure air fan 23, negative tube 13, plants case 20 and feed mechanism, plants case 20 and is arranged on two press molds In the middle of wheel 2, feed mechanism is arranged on the lower section of kind of case 20 and is connected with kind of case 20, and negative-pressure air fan 23 is fixed on rolling by fan supporter The top of tub 19, negative-pressure air fan 23 is located between kind of case 20 and receptacle, and the one end of negative tube 13 connects with case 20 is planted, negative tube 13 The other end is connected with the air outlet of negative-pressure air fan 23.Negative-pressure air fan 23 be mainly by adjust produce negative pressure, will plant case 20 in Seed suction out, enter into feed mechanism, seed is clicked and entered in soil by feed mechanism, can increase seed seeding accuracy reduce Hole rate.
The buried laying mechanism in drip irrigation zone includes drip irrigation tape holder 18 and buried drip irrigation zone shovel 24, and buried drip irrigation zone shovel 24 is arranged on It is connected in the middle of two ditching plows 6 and with support assembly 17, drip irrigation with holes 25, drip irrigation tape holder 18 is offered on buried drip irrigation zone shovel 24 The top of negative-pressure air fan 23 is arranged on, drip irrigation tape holder 18 is fixed on receptacle 15 by laying support.In the present embodiment, buried drop Fill band shovel 24 and stretch into below ground, level land plate 10 and pressing wheel 2 are concordant with horizontal plane.Edge in the connecting rod of buried drip irrigation zone shovel 24 Short transverse interval offers multiple screwed holes, and buried drip irrigation zone is shoveled into 24 by different screwed holes is connected with support assembly 17, It is capable of achieving the height regulation of buried drip irrigation zone shovel 24.
In the present embodiment, fertilizer box mechanism includes receptacle 15, fertilizer Shu Fei mechanisms 16 and fertilizer transmission mechanism 8, and fertilizer is defeated Fertile mechanism 16 is arranged in receptacle 15, and fertilizer transmission mechanism 8 is arranged on the both sides of receptacle 15, and the one end of fertilizer transmission mechanism 8 leads to Cross the second rotating shaft to be connected with fertilizer box mechanism outer wall, the other end of fertilizer transmission mechanism 8 is connected by first rotating shaft with ground-driven mechanism 7 Connect.
There is a pipe to be connected to receptacle 15 on ditching plow 6, ditching plow 6 is above being ditched, and chemical fertilizer followed by falls directly into In ditch.Buried drip irrigation zone shovel 24 is located at two middles of ditching plow 6, and the drip irrigation zone on drip irrigation tape holder 18 is passed through into buried drip irrigation Drip irrigation with holes 25 with 24 bottom rears of shovel, buried drip irrigation zone shovel 24 is above being ditched, and drip irrigation zone is followed by buried in the earth, mulch film It is overlying on above drip irrigation zone, pressing wheel 2 followed by pushes down mulch film.In the present embodiment, two outer rim bossings of pressing wheel 2 are to roll Wheel, inner side is chimes wheel, and seed carries out seeding by the hole on the chimes wheel of inner side and duckbilled, and negative pressure is formed by negative-pressure air fan 23 By seed absorption on sucker, sucker takes seed to outer rim and sows position, scrapes seed during rolling and enters duckbilled Sowing is completed, finally by the earthing of earthing disk 1.
Further, the present embodiment also includes roller suppression mechanism 5 and suppression of soil mechanism 22, and roller suppression mechanism 5 sets Put in the top of plastic film mulch frame 4, roller suppression mechanism 5 is extended transversely and is connected with roller frame 19, and suppression of soil mechanism 22 is transversely Extend and be connected with roller frame 19, suppression of soil mechanism 22 is arranged on the rear portion of pressing wheel 2.Roller suppression mechanism 5 connects with plastic film mulch frame 4 Connect and be mainly used in pushing down mulch film middle part, prevent thering is wind mulch film to heave in process of deployment, (pushed down with pressing wheel 2 below Mulch film both sides) coordinate the uniform and flatness that can ensure overlay film, after the completion of all mulch sowings, be covered in for table soil by earthing disk 1 Above mulch film both sides and seed, soil pressure reality is prevented the mulch film later stage from being started by factors such as wind, moreover it is possible to ensure by suppression of soil mechanism 22 Seed Soil Surrounding humidity temperature, it is ensured that seeding ratio.When using, whole process summary is trench digging, applies fertilizer, lays drip irrigation Band, plastic film mulch, press mold and sow, earthing, suppression.
In order to prevent being provided with safty shield 9 outside the generation of security incident, fertilizer transmission mechanism 8.
Embodiment described above is only the utility model preferably specific embodiment, and protection domain of the present utility model is not It is limited to this, any those of ordinary skill in the art can become apparent in the technical scope that the utility model is disclosed Technical scheme simple change or equivalence replacement, belong to protection domain of the present utility model.

Claims (5)

1. a kind of buried drip irrigation pipe laying driven sucking precise drop planter, it is characterised in that including actuating unit (12), support assembly (17), suspension haulage gear (11), fertilizer box mechanism, sowing mechanism, film-covering mechanism, buried laying mechanism and two land wheels in drip irrigation zone Transmission mechanism (7);
Described suspension haulage gear (11) one end is connected with the suspension arrangement of the actuating unit (12), the suspension haulage gear (11) other end is connected with the support assembly (17), and the support assembly (17) width is defined as into transverse direction, will be described Support assembly (17) is defined as the front portion of the support assembly (17) near the actuating unit (12) direction;
Support assembly (17) lower front is provided with the level land plate for extending transversely and being connected with the support assembly (17) (10), transversely both sides are respectively arranged with the ditching plow (6) being connected with the support assembly (17) at level land plate (10) rear portion, Two ground-driven mechanisms (7) are arranged between the level land plate (10) and the ditching plow (6), and two land wheels are passed Motivation structure (7) is connected by first rotating shaft with the support assembly (17), and the fertilizer box mechanism is arranged on the ground-driven machine Structure (7) top;
The film-covering mechanism is arranged on the ditching plow (6) rear portion, and the film-covering mechanism includes two earthing disks (1), two pressures Film wheel (2), plastic film mulch frame (4) and roller frame (19), the plastic film mulch frame (4) extend transversely and are arranged on the ditching plow (6) rear portion, The roller frame (19) is anterior to be connected with the support assembly (17) rear portion, and two earthing disks (1) are arranged on the roller Frame (19) rear portion both sides, two pressing wheels (2) are near the earthing disks (1) and are arranged on the earthing disk (1) and described Between plastic film mulch frame (4);
The sowing mechanism includes blower fan (23), negative tube (13), plants case (20) and feed mechanism, and described kind of case (20) is arranged on In the middle of two pressing wheels (2), the feed mechanism is arranged on described kind of case (20) lower section and is connected with described kind of case (20), The blower fan (23) is fixed on roller frame (19) top by fan supporter, and the blower fan (23) is positioned at described kind of case (20) And the receptacle between, described negative tube (13) one end connects with described kind of case (20), negative tube (13) other end with The air outlet connection of the blower fan (23);
The buried laying mechanism in drip irrigation zone includes drip irrigation tape holder (18) and buried drip irrigation zone shovel (24), the buried drip irrigation zone shovel (24) it is arranged in the middle of two ditching plows (6) and is connected with the support assembly (17), buried drip irrigation zone shovel (24) On to offer drip irrigation (25) with holes, the drip irrigation tape holder (18) is arranged on the blower fan (23) top, the drip irrigation tape holder (18) It is fixed on the receptacle (15) by laying support.
2. buried drip irrigation pipe laying driven sucking precise drop planter according to claim 1, it is characterised in that also including roller town Press mechanism (5) and suppression of soil mechanism (22), the roller suppression mechanism (5) are arranged on plastic film mulch frame (4) top, the rolling Cylinder suppression mechanism (5) is extended transversely and is connected with the roller frame (19), and the suppression of soil mechanism (22) extends transversely And be connected with the roller frame (19), the suppression of soil mechanism (22) is arranged on the pressing wheel (2) rear portion.
3. buried drip irrigation pipe laying driven sucking precise drop planter according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the fertilizer box mechanism Including receptacle (15), fertilizer Shu Fei mechanisms (16) and fertilizer transmission mechanism (8), the fertilizer Shu Fei mechanisms (16) are arranged on institute State in receptacle (15), the fertilizer transmission mechanism (8) is arranged on receptacle (15) both sides, the fertilizer transmission mechanism (8) End be connected by the second rotating shaft with fertilizer box mechanism outer wall, and fertilizer transmission mechanism (8) other end is by described first turn Axle is connected with the ground-driven mechanism (7).
4. buried drip irrigation pipe laying driven sucking precise drop planter according to claim 3, it is characterised in that the fertilizer transmission Safty shield (9) is provided with outside mechanism (8).
5. buried drip irrigation pipe laying driven sucking precise drop planter according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the buried drip irrigation Band shovel (24) is Height Adjustable.
CN201621239407.0U 2016-11-19 2016-11-19 Buried drip irrigation pipe laying driven sucking precise drop planter Expired - Fee Related CN206196309U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201621239407.0U CN206196309U (en) 2016-11-19 2016-11-19 Buried drip irrigation pipe laying driven sucking precise drop planter

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201621239407.0U CN206196309U (en) 2016-11-19 2016-11-19 Buried drip irrigation pipe laying driven sucking precise drop planter

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN206196309U true CN206196309U (en) 2017-05-31

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Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201621239407.0U Expired - Fee Related CN206196309U (en) 2016-11-19 2016-11-19 Buried drip irrigation pipe laying driven sucking precise drop planter

Country Status (1)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107683651A (en) * 2017-10-11 2018-02-13 甘肃农业大学 A kind of aspirated-air type rape precision planter

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107683651A (en) * 2017-10-11 2018-02-13 甘肃农业大学 A kind of aspirated-air type rape precision planter

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GR01 Patent grant
GR01 Patent grant
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20170531

Termination date: 20171119

CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee