WO2003069977A1 - Multi-storied ecological system for culturing and sequential cropping under temperature control - Google Patents

Multi-storied ecological system for culturing and sequential cropping under temperature control Download PDF

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Publication number
WO2003069977A1
WO2003069977A1 PCT/CN2002/000099 CN0200099W WO03069977A1 WO 2003069977 A1 WO2003069977 A1 WO 2003069977A1 CN 0200099 W CN0200099 W CN 0200099W WO 03069977 A1 WO03069977 A1 WO 03069977A1
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Prior art keywords
temperature
ecosystem
continuous cropping
controlled
cultivation
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PCT/CN2002/000099
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French (fr)
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
Bingqiang Liu
Gang Liu
Jinxian Li
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Bingqiang Liu
Gang Liu
Jinxian Li
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Priority to CN00121475A priority Critical patent/CN1337146A/en
Application filed by Bingqiang Liu, Gang Liu, Jinxian Li filed Critical Bingqiang Liu
Priority to PCT/CN2002/000099 priority patent/WO2003069977A1/en
Priority claimed from AU2002237165A external-priority patent/AU2002237165A1/en
Publication of WO2003069977A1 publication Critical patent/WO2003069977A1/en

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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G31/00Soilless cultivation, e.g. hydroponics
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P60/00Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries
    • Y02P60/20Reduction of greenhouse gas [GHG] emissions in agriculture, e.g. CO2
    • Y02P60/21Dinitrogen oxide [N2O], e.g. using aquaponics, hydroponics or efficiency measures

Abstract

The present invention is related to such a technical measure of energy converting that transfers the green energy flow into the green material flow in a way of high rate, speed and quality as well as low cost, especially to an multi-storied ecological system for culturing and sequential cropping under the temperature control. The system, which makes the breeding to combined with the soilless culturing, will not subjected to the negative effect of the nature condition. It provides a new technology of high- temperature anaerobic treatment to dung and conversion of marsh gas, residue and liquid with low cost by the means of overhead time-control agitating and solar energy complemented with biological energy. This new technology can use mash gas to implement air conditioning of double-action, which not only forms an super multi-storied environment for culturing and sequential cropping that can culture fowls, domestic animals, shrimps, crabs, fruits, vegetables as well as flowers, but also eliminates underdevelopment and hindrance of their growth in winter. Furthermore, it changes an older mode of recycling dung in a low rate into a new transforming means with high self-purification an additional value by the aid of overhead treatment device and one-step granulator making use of mash-gas. First, it uses a elevating system for culturing fruits, vegetables as well as flowers to feed mash liquid of organic substance, amino acid and metal ion to them. Then, it provides the fish, shrimp crab, turtle and so on with feed and water. As the result, the problem that can produce a large mount of mash liquid but cannot treat it on the spot is solved dramatically.

Description

立体温控养种连作生态系统  Stereo temperature-controlled breeding continuous cropping ecosystem
技术领域 Technical field
本发明属于绿色能流向绿色物流低成本大负荷、 高速度、 高质量转化的 综合技术, 它具体涉及一种不受负面自然力影响、 融洁净养殖和无公害种植为 一炉的事半功倍设施农业装备一立体温控养连作生态系统。 背景技术  The invention belongs to the comprehensive technology of low-cost, large-load, high-speed, and high-quality conversion of green energy flow to green logistics, and specifically relates to a facility that does not have the influence of negative natural forces, integrates clean farming, and pollution-free planting into a facility that can do more with less. Three-dimensional temperature-controlled continuous cropping ecosystem. Background technique
在持续发展环保先行的生态经济意识全球化的二十一世纪, 人类肩负着 功在当代、 利在千秋的使命, 积极而有序的掀起了生态农业技术的研究开发浪 潮。 历经数年奋斗之后, 诸多的业内专家和试验性应用者, 对人禽畜粪便 58°C 均温厌氧发酵下获得的沼气、 沼液、 沼渣、 以气肥、 光源、 热能、 词料、 营养 液、 土壤改良剂、 水产饵料等等绿色资源形式, 用于果蔬、 动物、 水产养种显 现出来的一系列不可替代的增产增收、 消毒灭菌优势给予了充分肯定。 受此鼓 舞, 甘愿献身农业现代化的众多业内科技人员, 为找到根本上优化大农业结构 布局的产业化技术手段, 曾付出过或仍在做着常人难以理解的限苦努力。然而, 限于高温厌氧热耗成本、试制经费的力不从心、尤其养殖种植各行其道的因素, 迄今为止, 并未见到或听到绿色能流向绿色物流大负荷高速度转化的设施农业 技术装备面市。 本发明的内容  In the twenty-first century of continuously developing the globalization of eco-economic awareness of environmental protection, humankind is shouldering the mission of modernity and benefit, and has actively and orderly launched a wave of research and development of ecological agricultural technology. After years of struggling, many industry experts and experimental users applied biogas, biogas slurry, biogas residue, gas fertilizer, light source, thermal energy, vocabulary obtained from 58 ° C anaerobic fermentation of human and poultry manure. , Nutrient solution, soil improver, aquatic bait and other green resource forms, used in fruits and vegetables, animals, aquatic breeding, a series of irreplaceable yield and income, disinfection and sterilization advantages have been fully affirmed. Encouraged by this, many scientific and technological personnel in the industry who are willing to dedicate themselves to agricultural modernization have made or are still making painstaking efforts that are difficult for ordinary people to find in order to find industrialized technical means to optimize the layout of the large agricultural structure. However, due to the high cost of high-temperature anaerobic heat consumption and inadequate funding for trial production, especially the various factors of breeding and planting, so far, we have not seen or heard of the emergence of facilities, agricultural technology and equipment that convert green energy to green logistics with large loads and high speeds. . Content of the invention
本发明的目的, 不仅仅为弥补这种缺憾, 而是通过立体温控养种连作生 态系统, 将其所有的系统设备、 结构、 部件, 形成规范化、 标准化、 产业化的 加工工艺和制造手段, 以备最大限度的满足海内外用户的不同需求。 更具特色 的是, 本设施农业系统, 彻底摆脱了阴雨寒天、 酷暑干旱带给果蔬、 动物、 水 产养种环境的困惑, 把各行其道、 散兵游勇式的高能耗低产出传统养种格局, 并入了一体化优势互补的低能耗高产出洁净运营轨道, 为事半功倍的绿色能流 向绿色物流的多级转化, 提供了强劲而有效的系统技术支持。 这种强劲而有效 的系统技术, 是使绿色农副产品变精神物质文明, 精神物质文明变健康长寿, 健康长寿变科技资本, 科技资本又变社会财富的源泉。 The purpose of the present invention is not only to make up for this shortcoming, but to form a standardized, standardized and industrialized processing technology and manufacturing means by using three-dimensional temperature-controlled breeding and continuous cropping ecosystem to form all its system equipment, structures, and components. In order to maximize meet the different needs of users at home and abroad. What's more special is that the facility's agricultural system has completely eliminated the rainy and cold weather, the hot summer and drought brought fruits and vegetables, animals, and water The perplexity of the production and breeding environment has merged the traditional, high energy consumption and low output traditional breeding pattern of diversification and combativeness into a clean operation track of low energy consumption and high output with complementary advantages and complementary integration. Green energy flows to green logistics with less effort The multi-level conversion provides strong and effective system technical support. This powerful and effective system technology is to make green agricultural and sideline products into spiritual material civilization, spiritual material civilization to become healthy and longevity, health and longevity to become scientific and technological capital, and scientific and technological capital to become the source of social wealth.
如上构思, 本发明的技术方案是- 一种立体温控养种连作生态系统, 包括自控蓄雨器, 换气孔, 蓄雨及残 液回收干管, RG太阳能光导器, SY侧墙, PVC透光遮荫型板, 清水泵, 散 热器, 果蔬根茎叶皮粉碎及精菜清洗包装台, 栽培室柱梁, 多用栽培床, 多层 栽培地板, C02气肥补给管, 沼液雾培器, 栽培物及基质, 时控饲喂器及粪便 冲刷泵, 沼液(营养液)泵, 沼气能冷热分配器, 雾培喷头, 自控粪水泵, 楼 梯口, 冷风机, SY 隔墙, 自动补水器, 泄气管, 二氧化碳残气排放管, 清水 储备箱, 粪水高进低给管, 沼气脱硫提纯及储备箱, 供热系统泄压管, 六位一 体厌氧发酵消化容器, 换气机, 避雷针, 传热管, 腐熟液渣低进高给管, 沼气 输送管, 时控搅拌器, SY后墙, 一步分离烘干造粒机, 供热回水管, 供热出 水管, 颗粒肥自动包装机, 蓄雨及水产品养殖池, 设备仪器智能控制台, 粪水 暂储池, 设备兼养殖室, 承重钢架, 避雷地线, 设备室基础。 其特征在于; RG 太阳能光导器 (4) 上有一个双向凹凸一次成型的夹层受光导流板、 导流板与 背阳的三面护围板之间, 有一个抽空的隔离层, 向阳的一面装有一块线型聚光 的 PVC注塑板, 线型聚光板与围板采用插接的密封形式; 自制 RG光导器与 自产沼气的热源产供互补效应, 满足了没有季节界限的 58QC粪水均温发酵需 求, 生成了 200kgOLR/m3 · d的大负荷粪水处理量。 本设施农业系统(下简称 系统), 以大负荷粪水处理工艺为基础, 成倍的縮小了设备容器的体积, 使设 备容器多级多层的垂直组装和联动运行资源共享变成了现实。 As conceived as above, the technical solution of the present invention is a three-dimensional temperature-controlled breeding continuous cropping ecosystem, including a self-controlling rain accumulator, an air vent, a rain-storage and residual liquid recovery main pipe, an RG solar light guide, a SY side wall, and PVC Transparent shading plate, water pump, radiator, fruit and vegetable rhizome leaf skin crushing and vegetable cleaning and packing table, cultivation room column beam, multi-purpose cultivation bed, multi-layer cultivation floor, C0 2 gas fertilizer supply pipe, biogas slurry cultivation Devices, cultures and substrates, time-controlled feeders and manure flushing pumps, biogas slurry (nutrient solution) pumps, biogas energy heat and cold distributors, fog spray nozzles, self-controlling manure water pumps, stairwells, coolers, SY partition walls, Automatic water replenisher, vent pipe, carbon dioxide residual gas discharge pipe, fresh water storage tank, manure water high and low feed pipe, biogas desulfurization purification and storage tank, pressure relief pipe for heating system, six-in-one anaerobic fermentation digestion vessel, ventilation Machine, lightning rod, heat transfer tube, low-feed high-feed pipe for slag, biogas conveying pipe, time-controlled agitator, SY back wall, one-step separation and drying granulator, heating return pipe, heating outlet pipe, granular fertilizer automatic Packaging machine, rain storage and aquatic product breeding pond, intelligent console of equipment and instruments, temporary storage tank for manure and water, equipment and breeding room, load-bearing steel frame, lightning protection line, equipment room foundation. The RG solar light guide (4) is characterized in that there is a bidirectional concave-convex light-receiving sandwich, a baffle, a baffle, and a three-sided enclosure on the back of the sun. There is an evacuated insulation layer on the side of the sun. There is a linear condensed PVC injection plate. The linear condensing plate and the enclosure are sealed by plugging in. The self-made RG light guide and the heat source of the biogas production are complementary to each other, which meets the 58 Q C feces without seasonal boundaries. The water temperature fermentation demand generates a large load of manure water treatment capacity of 200kgOLR / m 3 · d. The facility agricultural system (hereinafter referred to as the system), based on the heavy-duty manure water treatment process, has reduced the volume of the equipment container by a factor of two, making the multi-level and multi-layer vertical assembly of the equipment container and the shared operation resource sharing a reality.
该系统的生态养种效益幅度, 是由禽畜养殖规模决定的。 无论规模大小, 皆具备厂内养种废弃物就地转化、 吸收、 多级利用的功能, 完成低耗高能洁净 生产的使命, 借以制造大于废弃物价值若干倍的多种资源和商品, 达到养种连 作、优势互补动机的最佳效益水平。本系统以粪便排放与同步处理、 同步消化、 同步升值为基础, 将设施农业装备当年投入, 当年收回有赚的梦想变成了富有 引力的现实, 由此结束了设施农业装备示范容易推广难的历史。 本系统所以有 如此独到的功效,是因其中的一系列联动工艺和互补流程, 皆是围绕变废为宝、 资源共享、 多级利用、 就地升值展开和匹配的。 这种低投入高产出的养种连作 效益, 与单体的设施化养殖种植效益, 形成了数十倍的显著区别。 The ecological breeding benefit of the system is determined by the scale of livestock breeding. Regardless of the scale, it has the functions of in-situ conversion, absorption, and multi-stage utilization of the breeding waste in the plant, and completes low-energy, high-energy cleaning. The mission of production is to produce a variety of resources and commodities that are several times greater than the value of waste, and to achieve the optimal level of benefits of continuous cropping and complementary motivation. Based on the simultaneous discharge, simultaneous processing, simultaneous digestion, and simultaneous appreciation of the feces, the system puts the facility agricultural equipment into the current year, and the profitable dream of recaptured in that year turns into a gravitational reality, thus ending the demonstration of facility agricultural equipment that is easy to promote and difficult to promote. history. The reason why this system has such a unique effect is that a series of linked processes and complementary processes are all developed and matched around turning waste into treasure, resource sharing, multi-level utilization, and local appreciation. The low-input and high-output continuous cropping benefits form a significant difference of dozens of times from the individual facility-based cultivation and planting benefits.
本方案所体现的优越性有: 洁净廉价的绿色能流制换技术, 在本系统多 品种、 多层次的物流转化过程中, 一能源源不断的生产高品位高附加值纯绿色 农副产品; 二能满足不分地域、 气候、 国界、 不分型号规模大小的各类用户需 求; 三能数倍的节约一次性能源的消耗; 四能数倍的节约可耕地、 水资源和人 工合成化肥农药; 五能彻底消灭传统养殖粪便、人粪尿或堆沤填埋、池囤坑晒、 或鲜掏鲜施、 蚊蝇肆虐和种植物根茎叶皮随丢乱弃造成的菌疫传播隐患; 六能 让众多用户通过年年递增的报酬果实,体验科学技术魅力,增强市场风险防范, 扩大生存空间, 提高文化物质水平; 七能吸纳大量农村闲余劳力有效缓解打 ΐ 潮给城市带来的交通、 治安、 环境、 消费等等诸种压力; 八能造就出若干个绿 色农村产品生产、 加工、 销售、 运输、 出口的集团化实业; 九能造就出若干个 集约化设施农业的生态村、 生态镇; 十能借集约化生态村镇储备的科技资本、 科技经验、 改农村城市化的探索研究, 为有的放矢的组织实施, 加快农村城市 化的进程。  The advantages embodied in this solution are: Clean and cheap green energy flow exchange technology. In the system's multi-variety and multi-level logistics conversion process, one energy source continuously produces high-grade high-value-added pure green agricultural and sideline products; It can meet the needs of various users regardless of region, climate, national border, and model size; three times and several times can save the consumption of disposable energy; four times and several times can save arable land, water resources and synthetic fertilizers and pesticides; Wu Neng can completely eliminate traditional breeding manure, human feces or dumplings to landfill, pond pits, fresh or fresh application, mosquito and mosquito ridden, and the root and stem skin of plant species caused by littering. Allow many users to experience the charm of science and technology, increase the prevention of market risks, expand the living space, and improve the level of cultural material through the fruit of increasing returns every year. Seventh can absorb a large number of spare labor in rural areas to effectively alleviate the transportation, Public security, environment, consumption, and other pressures; Eight can create a number of green rural products production, processing, sales, transportation, Jiu Neng can create a number of intensive facilities and agriculture in ecological villages and eco-towns; Ten can borrow intensive ecological villages and villages' technology capital, scientific and technological experience, exploration and research to improve rural urbanization, targeted organizations Implementation to accelerate the process of rural urbanization.
以下结合附图和实施例对本案作进一步描述。 附图说明  The following further describes the case with reference to the drawings and embodiments. BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS
图 1为本发明的结构示意图。 具体实施方式 FIG. 1 is a schematic structural diagram of the present invention. detailed description
现结合图 1 说明本方案的实施例, 该立体温控养种连作生态系统, 由自 控蓄雨器(1 )、换气孔(2)、雨水及残液回收干管(3)、 RG太阳能光导器(4)、 SY侧墙 (5)、 PVC透光遮荫型板(6)、 清水泵(7)、 散热器(8)、 果蔬根茎 叶皮粉碎及精菜清洗包装台 (9)、 栽培室柱梁(10)、 多用栽培床(11 )、 多层 栽培地板(12)、 二氧化碳气肥补给管 (13 )、 沼液雾培器 (14)、 栽培物及基 质 (15)、 时控饲喂器及时控粪便冲刷泵(16)、 时控沼液(营养液)泵 (17)、 沼气能冷热分配器(18)、 雾培喷头(19)、 自控粪水泵 (20)、 楼梯口 (21 )、. 冷风机(22)、 SY 隔墙(23)、 自动蓄水器(24)、 泄气管 (25)、 二氧化碳残 气排放管(26)、 清水储备箱(27)、粪水高给低进管(28)、 粪水输送管(29)、 沼气脱硫提纯储备箱(30)、供热泄压管(31 )、六位一体厌氧发酵消化容器(32)、 换气机(33)、 避雷针 (34)、 供热管(35)、 腐熟液渣低进高给管 (36)、 沼气 输送管 (37)、 时控搅拌器(38)、 SY后墙 (39)、 一步分离烘干造粒机(40)、 供热回水管 (41 )、 供热出水管 (42)、 颗粒肥自动包装机 (43 )、 蓄雨及水产 品养殖池 (44)、 设备仪器智能控制台 (45)、 粪水暂储池 (46)、 设备兼养殖 室承重钢架 (47)、 避雷地线 (48)、 设备间基础 (49) 组成。 主要实施流程: An embodiment of this solution will be described with reference to FIG. 1. The three-dimensional temperature-controlled breeding continuous cropping ecosystem consists of a self-controlling rain accumulator (1), ventilation holes (2), rainwater and residual liquid recovery pipes (3), and RG solar energy. Light guide (4), SY side wall (5), PVC transparent shading plate (6), water pump (7), radiator (8), fruit and vegetable root stem and leaf skin crushing, and fine vegetable cleaning and packaging table (9) , Cultivation room column beam (10), multi-purpose cultivation bed (11), multi-layer cultivation floor (12), carbon dioxide gas fertilizer supply pipe (13), biogas slurry cultivation device (14), cultivation and substrate (15), Time-controlled feeder for timely control of fecal flushing pump (16), time-controlled biogas slurry (nutrient solution) pump (17), biogas energy cold and hot distributor (18), fog cultivation nozzle (19), self-controlled manure water pump (20) , Stairway (21) ,. air cooler (22), SY partition wall (23), automatic water accumulator (24), gas outlet pipe (25), carbon dioxide residual gas discharge pipe (26), fresh water storage tank (27) , Manure water high feed low inlet pipe (28), Manure water delivery pipe (29), Biogas desulfurization and purification storage tank (30), Heating and pressure relief pipe (31), Six-in-one anaerobic fermentation and digestion Container (32), ventilator (33), lightning rod (34), heating pipe (35), decomposed liquid slag low feed high feed pipe (36), biogas conveying pipe (37), time-controlled agitator (38 ), SY back wall (39), one-step separation drying granulator (40), heating water return pipe (41), heating water outlet pipe (42), pellet fertilizer automatic packaging machine (43), rain storage and aquatic products It consists of breeding pond (44), equipment intelligent console (45), manure temporary storage pond (46), equipment and breeding room bearing steel frame (47), lightning protection line (48), and equipment room foundation (49). Main implementation process:
1、冬季的光照天气, RG太阳能光导器(4)中的导热介质,经散热器(8), 过沼气能冷热分配器(18)上的供热出水管 (42), 到达六位一体消化器 (32) 内的传热管 (35), 再由供热回水管(41 )经冷热分配器(18), 过散热器(8) 返回 RG太阳光导器(4)。 如此往复循环, 完成了先消化器 (32)后栽培室的 不同温度供应。 1.1.炎热的光照天气, RG太阳光导器(4)通过专用管道阀门, 只给六位一体消化器供应 58QC 的均温; PVC透光遮荫型板(6)透光构件, 保留了传统 PVC型板温室所有优点的前提下, 添加了接蓄雨水、 防漏密封和 遮荫卷启功能。 其遮荫功能, 是靠拉帘式百叶窗的张合卷启原理, 在栽培室内 操纵实现的。 1. In the light weather of winter, the heat-conducting medium in the RG solar light guide (4) passes through the radiator (8) and passes through the heat-supply outlet pipe (42) on the biogas-energy cold and heat distributor (18) to reach the six-in-one The heat transfer pipe (35) in the digester (32) is returned to the RG solar light guide (4) by the heating and returning pipe (41) through the hot and cold distributor (18) and the radiator (8). Such a reciprocating cycle completes different temperature supply of the digester (32) and then the cultivation room. 1.1. In hot light weather, the RG solar light guide (4) only supplies a uniform temperature of 58 Q C to the six-in-one digester through a special pipe valve; the PVC light-transmitting and shading plate (6) the light-transmitting member, which retains On the premise of all the advantages of the traditional PVC-type greenhouse, the functions of rainwater storage, leak-proof sealing and shading roll-up are added. Its shading function is realized by operating in the cultivation room by the principle of the folding and unfolding of the curtain-type shutters.
2、 盛夏严寒, 阴雨夜晚天气, 沼气能冷热分配器(18) 负责 RG太阳能 光导器 (4)力所不及的冷热温控用能补充。 即: 六位一体消化器 (32) 和养 殖种植室各有一套温度感应器, 当各自的工作温差超过或达不到设定要求时, 温感器会随时启动或切断冷热作功系统。 确保两级双效运营系统温度的持续性 正常产供。 如此周而复始, 廉价而有效的克服了季节温差带给养种连作的不利 因素。 2.1.六位一体消化器制换的大量沼气, 可完成冷热分配器作功、 沼渣烘 干造粒、 养种连作环境补光和生产人员炊暖饮浴四种功能的同时, 还可零成本 的副产 (每立米 CH4燃烧后生成 0.98立米 C02)足够的气体肥料。 本系统将 其做为高纯碳源, 经气肥补给管 (13 )冷却之后, 源源不断的供应设施栽培吸 收合成。 2. It is severely cold in midsummer, rainy and night weather, and the biogas energy hot and cold distributor (18) is responsible for RG solar energy. The light guide (4) can supplement the hot and cold temperature control beyond its power. That is, the six-in-one digester (32) and the breeding planting room each have a set of temperature sensors. When the respective working temperature difference exceeds or fails to meet the set requirements, the temperature sensor will start or cut off the hot and cold work system at any time. Ensure the continuous normal production and supply of the temperature of the two-stage dual-effect operating system. Repeatedly in this way, cheap and effective overcome the disadvantages brought by continuous temperature differences to breeding continuous cropping. 2.1. The large amount of biogas produced by the six-in-one digester can complete the four functions of cold and hot distributor work, biogas residue drying and granulation, continuous cropping environment light supplement, and production staff cooking and warming bath. Zero cost by-products (0.98 cubic meters of CO 2 per cubic meter of CH 4 after combustion) is sufficient gas fertilizer. This system uses it as a high-purity carbon source, and after it is cooled by the gas fertilizer supply pipe (13), it is continuously cultivated, absorbed and synthesized in a supply facility.
3、 果蔬根茎叶皮粉碎及精菜清洗包装台 (9), 是集粉碎、 剪切、 喷洗、 手洗、 柔性甩干、 精品果蔬称重、 包装、 抽空、 热合、 捆扎为一体的专用操作 台。 水源来自清水储备箱 (27), 用过的废水经雨水回收干管 (3 ) 流入蓄雨及 水产品养殖池 (44)。 粉碎后的根茎叶皮及非上市标准果蔬, 依据禽畜的不同 发育需求, 酌量掺入商品饲料, 一并由时控饲喂器(16)送到禽畜眼前。  3. Fruit and vegetable rhizome and leaf skin crushing and fine vegetable cleaning and packing table (9) is a special operation that integrates crushing, shearing, spray washing, hand washing, flexible spin drying, fine fruit and vegetable weighing, packaging, evacuation, heat sealing, and bundling. station. The water source comes from the clear water storage tank (27), and the used wastewater flows into the rainwater storage and aquaculture pond (44) through the rainwater recovery main pipe (3). The shredded rhizome leaf skin and non-market standard fruits and vegetables are blended with commercial feed according to the different developmental needs of poultry and livestock, and delivered to the eyes of poultry and livestock by a time-controlled feeder (16).
4、 时控饲喂器及粪便冲刷泵 (16), 具有变速离合的功能, 高速档位用 于粪便冲刷, 变速档位用于禽畜饲喂和残料返回; 并具有饲料搅拌、 多层饲料 输送、 残剩词料返回、 禽畜饮水供给、 粪便冲刷等六种功能。 按设定时间开机 后, 先完成饲料搅拌和粪便冲刷工作, 后完成多层词料输送和禽畜饮水要求。 禽畜吃剩的残料, 被 60秒 /米转速的 U型传送带循环返回时控拌机 (16) 上的 搅拌箱; 禽畜喝剩的残水, 由电磁开关经管道流向粪水池; 冲粪用水分别来自 蓄雨及水产品养殖池 (44), 多用栽培床 (11 ) 的果蔬叶面雾培沥剩液, 和果 蔬包装台 (9) 的洗菜水。 被冲刷过的液态粪水, 沿凹凸有序的斜沟坡道, 经 分布有度的汇集孔, 筛漏于地下粪水暂储池 (46)。  4. Time-controlled feeder and manure scouring pump (16), which has the function of variable speed clutch, high speed gear is used for feces washing, and the speed change gear is used for livestock feeding and residual material return; and it has feed agitation and multi-layer Six functions: feed conveyance, remnants of leftovers, drinking water supply for livestock and poultry, and flushing of feces. After starting up at the set time, first complete the feed mixing and fecal washing work, and then complete the multi-layer word conveyance and livestock and drinking water requirements. Residual food left over from livestock and poultry is circulated back to the mixing box on the mixer (16) by a U-shaped conveyor with a speed of 60 sec / m. The manure water comes from the rainwater storage and aquatic product cultivation ponds (44), the fruit and vegetable foliar mist culture residues from the multipurpose cultivation bed (11), and the vegetable and vegetable packaging table (9) washing water. The flushed liquid faecal water was leaked through the underground faecal water temporary storage tank (46) along the uneven ditch slopes with a gradual distribution hole.
5、 沼气脱硫提纯储备箱 (30), 将所产沼气通过相应的提纯和加氧工艺, 使沼气中的硫化氢在箱中被氧化为单质硫和水, 借而实现沼气的高纯度 (CH4 含量从 65%上升到 85%)低成本处理。 在安全无误的前提下, 去发挥上述第 2 条表述的五种功能。 5. Biogas desulfurization and purification storage tank (30), through the corresponding purification and oxygenation process, the hydrogen sulfide in the biogas is oxidized into elemental sulfur and water in the tank, thereby achieving high purity of the biogas (CH 4 content increased from 65% to 85%) low-cost processing. Under the premise of security, go to play the 2nd above Five functions expressed by the bar.
6.1 六位一体厌氧发酵消化容器 (32), 是一个反映全程运营效能的重要 部件。中间设有多个隔断,隔断上下端开有多个溢料孔。发酵料物由粪水泵(20) 经粪水输送管 (29), 过粪水高给低进管 (28), 从底端进入 A间。 A 间的料 物发酵容量升到溢料孔时, 依次溢入以下的各间进行多级发酵。 当发酵料物彻 底熟化之后, 放开控制阀由低进高给管(30), 进入一步分离烘干造料机(40)。  6.1 The six-in-one anaerobic fermentation digestion vessel (32) is an important component that reflects the overall operational efficiency. A plurality of partitions are provided in the middle, and a plurality of overflow holes are opened at the upper and lower ends of the partition. The fermented material is pumped by the faecal water pump (20) through the faecal water delivery pipe (29), and the high feed low feed pipe (28) is passed through the faecal water and enters the A room from the bottom end. When the material fermentation capacity of A is raised to the overflow hole, it will overflow into each of the following rooms in order to perform multi-stage fermentation. After the fermented material is completely matured, the control valve is released from the low-feed high-feed pipe (30) and enters a one-step separation and drying feed machine (40).
6.2为了粪便就地排放、 处理, 变就地消化、 吸收, 再变升值利用之目的, 消化容器(32) 中的每一隔断内, 皆装有传热管 (35 ) 和时控搅拌器 (38), 以实现发酵温度的合理分配; 确保发酵物料的动态分解和 CH4菌体的无障碍 挥发。 6.2 For the purpose of on-site discharge and treatment of feces, in-situ digestion, absorption, and further appreciation, each partition in the digestion vessel (32) is equipped with a heat transfer tube (35) and a time-controlled agitator ( 38) to achieve a reasonable distribution of fermentation temperature; to ensure the dynamic decomposition of fermentation materials and the unhindered volatilization of CH 4 bacteria.
6.3 消化容器(32)上, 另装有一个 PH值调节器, 一个温度控制器, 多 个窥视式人孔罩。 PH值调节器的监控仪, 与设备仪器智能控制台 (45) 并联; 温度控制器的监控仪, 与供热回水管 (41 ) 上的电磁阀和仪器控制台 (45 ) 相 接。 沼气出口与沼气储备箱 (30) 中的脱硫提纯器组为一体。  6.3 The digestion container (32) is additionally equipped with a PH value regulator, a temperature controller, and multiple peephole covers. The monitor of the PH value regulator is connected in parallel with the equipment intelligent console (45); the monitor of the temperature controller is connected with the solenoid valve on the heating and return pipe (41) and the instrument console (45). The biogas outlet is integrated with the desulfurization and purification unit in the biogas storage tank (30).
6.4消化容器(32) 在顶层置放, 一利于 RG太阳能光导器 (4)和冷热分 配器(18)供热介质的循环; 二利于一步分离烘干造粒机(40) 的接料, 节约 料物周转及泵吸费用; 三利于时控搅拌器(38)及各类相关调控器的安装、 运 行、 检査、 维修; 四冬天利于室内环境温度的提高和保持, 夏天有利于多余热 量的排放处理。  6.4 The digestion container (32) is placed on the top layer, which is beneficial to the circulation of the heating medium of the RG solar light guide (4) and the hot and cold distributor (18); second, it is beneficial to the one-step separation and drying of the pelletizer (40). Save material turnover and pumping costs; Three benefits for the installation, operation, inspection and maintenance of the time-controlled agitator (38) and various related regulators; Four winters are conducive to the increase and maintenance of indoor ambient temperature, and summer is conducive to excess heat Emissions treatment.
7、 一步分离烘干造粒机(40) 的动能来自电源, 烘干热能来自沼气。 经 它分离获得的沼渣, 在机内完成烘干造粒后, 进入自动包装机 (43), 作为纯 绿色商品肥料, 直接供应市场。 经它分离出的沼液, 经管道流入地下沼液池 7. The kinetic energy of the one-step separation drying granulator (40) comes from the power source, and the drying heat energy comes from the biogas. The biogas residue obtained after separation is dried and granulated in the machine, and then enters an automatic packaging machine (43), which is directly supplied to the market as a pure green commercial fertilizer. The biogas slurry separated by it flows into the underground biogas slurry tank through the pipeline.
(44), 经过相应的酸化中和兑水调制, 再由沼液泵 (17) 按设定时间, 泵入 雾培器(14)对各栽培物(15)进行叶面雾培, 完成了养殖粪水边排放边处理、 到边吸收边升值的洁净化跨跃。 (44) After the corresponding acidification neutralization and water modulation, the biogas slurry pump (17) is pumped into the mist cultivation device (14) for foliar fog cultivation for each cultivation (15) at a set time, which is completed. Cleanse the cultured manure while draining and treating, and absorbing while increasing in value.
8、 沼液雾培器 (14) 是一个上下升降、 尺寸任调的喷雾装置, 雾培喷头 ( 19)对植物实施雾培的时段频率受控于时控沼液泵; 可满足不同栽培物种、 不同高度、 不同茎蔓宽幅的雾培要求。 雾培喷头 (19) 喷到栽培物叶面上的雾 沼液, 由于富含氮、 磷、 钾、 氨基酸、 多种活性酶和速效生长素, 雾培出来的 成品瓜果蔬菜, 从色泽、 品位、 产量、 成本到成熟期, 远远的优于无机肥的栽 培效果,属于名副其实的高质量高附加值纯绿色食品。在雾培条件下,其中 50% 左右的沼液被栽培物吸收转化; 48%左右以叶面滴沥和栽培床预设渗漏形式, 过地板网汇入蓄雨水产养殖池 (44), 一方面做为饵料, 替代了 50%左右的鱼 虾蟹龟养殖成本; 一方面做为生物农药, 替代了 96%以上的市购水产养殖消 毒药品; 一方面做为往复循环用水, 由时控泵(16)完成粪便的及时冲刷; 2% 左右飘逸于环境空气之中, 大部分在通风换气时被排出室外。 8. Biogas slurry aerator (14) is a spray device with up and down, adjustable size, and a fog nozzle (19) The frequency of the period of fog cultivation for plants is controlled by the time-controlled biogas slurry pump; it can meet the requirements of fog cultivation of different cultivated species, different heights, and wide stems. The mist culture nozzle (19) sprays the mist biogas slurry on the leaf surface of the cultivation. Due to the richness of nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium, amino acids, various active enzymes and fast-acting auxins, the finished fruits and vegetables produced by the mist culture are The grade, yield, cost and maturity period are far superior to the cultivation effect of inorganic fertilizer, and belong to the veritable high-quality, high-value-added pure green food. Under fog cultivation, about 50% of the biogas slurry is absorbed and transformed by the culture; about 48% is in the form of foliar drips and the preset leakage of the cultivation bed, which is fed into the rainwater aquaculture pond (44) through the floor net. On the one hand, it replaces about 50% of the cost of fish, shrimp, crab, and turtle breeding; on the one hand, it replaces more than 96% of commercially-available aquaculture disinfection drugs; on the other hand, it uses reciprocating circulating water, which is controlled by a time-controlled pump. (16) Complete the flushing of the feces in time; about 2% float in the ambient air, and most of them are discharged outdoors during ventilation.
9、 多用栽培床(11 ), 有两种部件组成。 第一种部件完成残剩沼液及它类 栽培残液的返回输送, 是一个腹槽带支架的互换性定型注塑件和一个盖板带基 质槽的定型注塑件拼装而成, 腹槽托架具有 36 公分内高低调节功能, 以实现 两组以上实用中的残液无漏回收。 盖板带基质槽的部件具有重复组拼不变形、 且又成倍提高栽培物换茬清根速度的功能, 该基质槽根据产业化栽培物种的株 距行间、 根蔓幅宽, 加工成多个品种系列, 在成倍提高栽培物换茬除根速度质 量、 又确保槽体重复使用不变型的前提下, 实现基质槽的标准制造和多元化市 场供应。  9. The multi-purpose cultivation bed (11) is composed of two parts. The first component completes the return and transportation of residual biogas slurry and other cultivation residual liquid. It is an assembly of an interchangeable shaped injection molded part with a bracket and a shaped injection molded part with a cover plate and a matrix slot. The rack has a height adjustment function within 36 cm to realize the leakage-free recovery of residual liquid in more than two groups of practical use. The cover plate with a matrix groove has the function of repeating the assembly without deforming, and doubles the speed of cultivating roots and clearing roots. The matrix groove is processed into multiples according to the distance between rows and the width of roots of industrial cultivated species. This variety series, under the premise of doubling the quality of the cultivation and root removal speed, and ensuring that the tank is reused and invariant, realize the standard manufacturing of the substrate tank and the diversified market supply.

Claims

权 利 要 求 Rights request
1、 一种立体温控养种连作生态系统, 其特征在于包括自控蓄雨器 (1 ), 换气孔(2), 雨水及残液回收干管(3 ), 换气机(33), RG太阳能光导器(4), PVC透光遮荫型板(6), 果蔬根茎叶皮粉碎及精菜清洗包装台 (9), 沼气能 冷热分配器(18), 自控粪水泵(20), 冷风机(22), 清水储备箱 (27), 沼气 脱硫提纯储备箱(30), 一步分离烘干造粒机(40), 颗粒肥自动包装机 (43 ), 蓄雨及水产品养殖池 (44), 粪水暂储池 (46), 设置在一个系统中。 1. A three-dimensional temperature-controlled breeding continuous cropping ecosystem, which is characterized by including a self-controlling rain accumulator (1), an air vent (2), a rainwater and residual liquid recovery pipe (3), a ventilator (33), RG solar light guide (4), PVC transparent shading plate (6), fruit and vegetable rhizome and leaf skin smashing and vegetable cleaning and packing table (9), biogas energy hot and cold distributor (18), self-controlling manure pump (20) , Cooler (22), fresh water storage tank (27), biogas desulfurization and purification storage tank (30), one-step separation drying granulator (40), automatic granule packing machine (43), rain storage and aquatic product breeding pond (44), the faecal water temporary storage tank (46), set in a system.
2、 根据权利要求 1所述的立体温控养处连作生态系统, 其特征于 RG太 阳能光导器 (4) 上有一个双向凹凸一次成型的夹层受光导流板、 导流板与背 阳的三面护围板之间, 有一个抽空的隔离层, 向阳的一面装有一块线型聚光的 PVC注塑板, 线型聚光板与围板采用插接的密封形式。  2. The three-dimensional temperature-controlled cultivation continuous cropping ecosystem according to claim 1, characterized in that the RG solar light guide (4) has a two-sided concave-convex light-receiving baffle plate, baffle plate, and three faces on the back of the sun Between the enclosure boards, there is an evacuated isolation layer. On the side of the sun, a linear condensed PVC injection-molded board is installed. The linear condensing board and the enclosure board are plugged and sealed.
3、 根据权利要求 1或 2所述的立体温控养种连作生态系统, 其特征在于 沼气能冷热分配器(18) 负责 RG太阳光导能 (4)盛夏严寒阴雨夜晚, 力所 不及的冷热温控用能补充, 即: 消化器 (32)和养殖种植室各有一套温度感应 器, 当各自的正常运营温差超过设定要求时, 温感器会随时启动或切断冷热作 功系统, 确保两级双效运营系统温度的持续性正常产供。  3. The three-dimensional temperature-controlled breeding continuous cropping ecosystem according to claim 1 or 2, characterized in that the biogas energy cold and heat distributor (18) is responsible for the RG solar light conduction energy (4) in the midsummer, in the severe cold and rainy nights, and the cold is beyond power. Energy supplement for thermal temperature control, that is, the digester (32) and the breeding planting room each have a set of temperature sensors. When the normal operating temperature difference exceeds the set requirements, the temperature sensor will start or cut off the hot and cold work system at any time. To ensure the continuous normal production and supply of two-stage dual-effect operating system temperature.
4、 根据权利要求 1或 2所述的立体温控养种连作生态系统, 其特征在于 消化器 (32) 配置在顶层, 通过传热管 (35), 完成了大负荷的高温发酵需要; 通过时控搅拌器(38), 完成了发酵料物的防淤积动态控制; 通过传热管(35)、 搅拌器 (38), 自控粪水泵(20)、 粪水输送管 (29)、 粪水高给低进管 (28) 和粪尿在消化器内多级发酵的综合处理、 到沼液渣进入一步分离烘干造料机 4. The three-dimensional temperature-controlled breeding continuous cropping ecosystem according to claim 1 or 2, characterized in that the digester (32) is arranged on the top layer, and a high-load high-temperature fermentation requirement is completed through a heat transfer tube (35); The time-controlled agitator (38) completes the anti-fouling dynamic control of the fermented material; through the heat transfer pipe (35), the agitator (38), the self-controlling manure pump (20), the manure water delivery pipe (29), and manure water Comprehensive treatment of multi-stage fermentation of high feed and low inlet pipe (28) and feces in digester
(40), 形成了养殖粪水的边排放、 边处理、 边升值工艺。 5、 根据权利要求 3所述的立体温控养种连作生态系统, 其特征在于消化 器(32) 配置在顶层, 通过传热管 (35), 完成了大负荷的高温发酵需要; 通 过时控搅拌器 (38), 完成了发酵料物的防淤积动态控制; 通过传热管 (35)、 搅拌器 (38), 自控粪水泵 (20)、 粪水输送管 (29)、 粪水高给低进管 (28) 和粪尿在消化器内多级发酵的综合处理、 到沼液渣进入一步分离烘干造料机(40), forming a process of discharging, treating, and increasing value of aquaculture manure water. 5. The three-dimensional temperature-controlled breeding continuous cropping ecosystem according to claim 3, characterized in that the digester (32) is arranged on the top layer, and the high-load high-temperature fermentation needs are completed through the heat transfer tube (35); The agitator (38) completes the anti-sedimentation dynamic control of the fermented material; through the heat transfer tube (35), the agitator (38), the self-controlling manure pump (20), the manure water delivery pipe (29), and the high manure water supply Comprehensive treatment of multistage fermentation of low inlet pipe (28) and feces in digester
(40), 形成了养殖粪水的边排放、 边处理、 边升值工艺。 (40), forming a process of discharging, treating, and increasing value of aquaculture manure water.
6、 根据权利要求 1、 2或 5所述的立体温控养种连作生态系统, 其特征在 于一步分离烘干造粒机 (40), 是一种动能来自电源、 烘干热能来自沼气的电 动设备;经它分离获得的沼渣,在机内完成烘干造粒后,进入自动包装机(43), 作为纯绿色商品肥料, 直接供应市场; 经它分离出的沼液, 经管道流入地下沼 液池(44)酸化中和后, 再由沼液泵(17)按设定流量和时间, 借雾培器(14) 先对各栽培物 (15 ) 叶面进行雾培; 后供养殖鱼虾蟹龟吸收; 再用于养殖粪便 的往复式冲刷; 完成了沼液边排放、边处理、到边吸收、边升值的洁净化跨跃。  6. The three-dimensional temperature-controlled breeding continuous cropping ecosystem according to claim 1, 2 or 5, characterized in that the one-step separation drying granulator (40) is an electric motor with kinetic energy from a power source and drying heat from biogas. Equipment; the biogas residues separated by it are dried and granulated in the machine, and then enter the automatic packaging machine (43), which is directly supplied to the market as pure green commercial fertilizer; the biogas slurry separated by it flows into the ground through pipes. After the biogas slurry pond (44) is acidified and neutralized, the biogas slurry pump (17) uses the fog cultivation device (14) to perform fog cultivation on the leaf surface of each cultivation (15) according to the set flow rate and time. Fish, shrimp, crab and turtle absorption; reused for reciprocating scouring of farming manure; completed the leap of biogas slurry discharge, treatment, absorption and appreciation.
7、 根据权利要求 4所述的立体温控养种连作生态系统, 其特征在于一步 分离烘干造粒机(40), 是一种动能来自电源、 烘干热能来自沼气的电动设备; 经它分离获得的沼渣, 在机内完成烘干造粒后, 进入自动包装机 (43 ), 作为 纯绿色商品肥料, 直接供应市场; 经它分离出的沼液, 经管道流入地下沼液池 7. The three-dimensional temperature-controlled breeding continuous cropping ecosystem according to claim 4, characterized in that the one-step separation and drying granulator (40) is an electric device with kinetic energy from a power source and drying heat energy from biogas; After the separated biogas residue is dried and granulated in the machine, it enters an automatic packaging machine (43) and is directly supplied to the market as a pure green commercial fertilizer. The biogas slurry separated by it flows into the underground biogas slurry tank through a pipeline.
(44) 酸化中和后, 再由沼液泵(17) 按设定流量和时间, 借雾培器(14) 先 对各栽培物 (15) 叶面进行雾培; 后供养殖鱼虾蟹龟吸收; 再用于养殖粪便的 往复式冲刷; 完成了沼液边排放、 边处理、 到边吸收、 边升值的洁净化跨跃。 (44) After the acidification and neutralization, the biogas slurry pump (17) is used to set the flow rate and time, and then the fog culture device (14) is used to fog the leaves of each cultivation (15); Turtle absorption; reused for reciprocating scouring of farming manure; cleansing leap of biogas slurry discharge, treatment, absorption to appreciation, and appreciation.
8、 根据权利要求 1、 2、 5或 7所述的立体温控养种连作生态系统, 其特 征在于时控饲喂器及时控粪便冲刷泵 (16), 具有变速离合的功能, 高速档位 用于粪便冲刷, 变速档位用于禽畜喂饮和残料返回。 9、 根据权利要求 6所述的立体温控养种连作生态系统, 其特征在于时控 饲喂器及时控粪便冲刷泵 (16), 具有变速离合的功能, 高速档位用于粪便冲 刷, 变速档位用于禽畜喂饮和残料返回。 8. The three-dimensional temperature-controlled breeding continuous cropping ecosystem according to claim 1, 2, 5 or 7, characterized in that the time-controlled feeder controls the fecal flushing pump (16) in time and has the function of variable-speed clutch and high-speed gear It is used for faeces scouring, and the shift gear is used for livestock feeding and residue return. 9. The three-dimensional temperature-controlled breeding continuous cropping ecosystem according to claim 6, characterized in that the time-controlled feeder timely controls the fecal flushing pump (16), which has the function of variable speed clutch, and the high-speed gear is used for fecal flushing, variable speed Stalls are used for livestock feeding and return of residual materials.
10、 根据权利要求 1、 2、 5、 7或 9所述的立体温控养种连作生态系统, 其特征在于沼液雾培器 (14)是一个上下升降、 尺寸任调的喷雾装置, 雾培喷 头 (19)对植物实施雾培的时段频率受控于时控沼液泵。  10. The three-dimensional temperature-controlled breeding continuous cropping ecosystem according to claim 1, 2, 5, 7, or 9, characterized in that the biogas slurry cultivation device (14) is a spraying device with a vertically adjustable and vertically adjustable size. The period frequency of the cultivation nozzle (19) for performing fog cultivation on the plants is controlled by the time-controlled biogas slurry pump.
11、 根据权利要求 8所述的立体温控养种连作生态系统, 其特征在于沼液 雾培器 (14) 是一个上下升降、 尺寸任调的喷雾装置, 雾培喷头 (19)对植物 实施雾培的时段频率受控于时控沼液泵。  11. The three-dimensional temperature-controlled breeding continuous cropping ecosystem according to claim 8, characterized in that the biogas slurry cultivation device (14) is a spraying device that can be raised and lowered and the size is adjustable, and the fog cultivation nozzle (19) implements plants The period frequency of fog cultivation is controlled by the time-controlled biogas slurry pump.
12、 根据权利要求 1、 2、 5、 7、 9或 11所述的立体温控养种连作生态系 统, 其特征在于多用栽培床(11 )有一个腹槽带支架的互换性定型注塑件和一 个盖板带基质槽的定型注塑件拼装而成, 腹槽托架具有 36公分内高低调节功 能, 以实现两组以上实用中的残液无漏回收, 盖板带基质槽的部件具有重复组 拼不变形、 且又成倍提高栽培物换茬清根速度的功能。  12. The three-dimensional temperature-controlled breeding continuous cropping ecosystem according to claim 1, 2, 5, 7, 9, or 11, characterized in that the multipurpose cultivation bed (11) has an interchangeable shaped injection-molded part with a belly groove and a bracket. It is assembled with a fixed injection-molded part with a cover plate and a substrate slot. The belly tray bracket has a height adjustment function within 36 cm to realize the leakage-free recovery of more than two sets of practical residual liquids. The components of the cover plate with a substrate slot have duplicates. It has the function of not deforming and increasing the speed of cultivating roots.
13、 根据权利要求 10所述的立体温控养种连作生态系统, 其特征在于多 用栽培床(11 )有一个腹槽带支架的互换性定型注塑件和一个盖板带基质槽的 定型注塑件拼装而成, 腹槽托架具有 36 公分内高低调节功能, 以实现两组以 上实用中的残液无漏回收, 盖板带基质槽的部件具有重复组拼不变形、 且又成 倍提高栽培物换茬清根速度的功能。  13. The three-dimensional temperature-controlled breeding continuous cropping ecosystem according to claim 10, characterized in that the multipurpose cultivation bed (11) has an interchangeable shaped injection molded part with a belly groove and a bracket, and a shaped injection molded cover plate with a matrix groove. The abdominal trough bracket has a height adjustment function within 36 cm to realize the leakage-free recovery of more than two sets of practical liquids. The components with the substrate groove on the cover plate have repeated assembly without deformation and multiplied. Root clearing speed of cultivated crops.
14、 根据权利要求 1、 2、 5、 7、 9、 11或 13所述的立体温控养种连作生 态系统, 其特征在于果蔬根茎叶皮粉碎及精菜清洗包装台 (9), 是集粉碎、 剪 切、 喷洗、 手洗、 柔'^甩干、 精品果蔬称重、 包装、 抽空、 热合、 捆扎为一体 的专用操作台。 15、 根据权利要求 12所述的立体温控养种连作生态系统, 其特征在于果 蔬根茎叶皮粉碎及精菜清洗包装台 (9), 是集粉碎、 剪切、 喷洗、 手洗、 柔性 甩干、 精品果蔬称重、 包装、 抽空、 热合、 捆扎为一体的专用操作台。 14. The three-dimensional temperature-controlled breeding continuous cropping ecosystem according to claim 1, 2, 5, 7, 9, 11, or 13, characterized in that fruit and vegetable roots, stems, and skins are shredded and refined vegetables are packed and packed (9). Crushing, shearing, spray washing, hand washing, soft drying, fine fruit and vegetable weighing, packaging, evacuation, heat sealing, and bundling as a whole. 15. The three-dimensional temperature-controlled breeding continuous cropping ecosystem according to claim 12, characterized in that the fruit and vegetable root, stem and leaf skin crushing and fine vegetable cleaning and packaging table (9) are a collection of crushing, shearing, spray washing, hand washing, and flexible spinning Dedicated operating table for dry and fine fruit and vegetable weighing, packaging, evacuation, heat sealing and bundling.
16、 根据权利要求 1、 2、 5、 7、 9、 11、 13或 15所述的立体温控养种连 作生态系统, 其特征在于 PVC透光遮荫型板(6)透光构件, 保留了传统 PVC 型板温室所有优点的前提下, 与自控蓄雨器联手, 添加了接蓄雨水、 防漏密封 和遮荫卷启功能, 其遮荫功能, 是靠拉帘式百叶窗的张合卷启原理, 在栽培室 内操纵实现的。  16. The three-dimensional temperature-controlled breeding continuous cropping ecosystem according to claim 1, 2, 5, 7, 9, 11, 13, or 15, characterized in that the PVC transparent shading plate (6) is a light-transmitting member, which is retained Under the premise of all the advantages of the traditional PVC-type greenhouse, in conjunction with the self-controlling rain accumulator, the functions of rainwater storage, leak-proof sealing and shading roll-up are added. Its shading function is the roll-up of the curtain-type shutter. Kai principle, realized in the cultivation room.
17、根据权利要求 14所述的立体温控养种连作生态系统,其特征在于 PVC 透光遮荫型板 (6) 透光构件, 保留了传统 PVC型板温室所有优点的前提下, 与自控蓄雨器联手,添加了接蓄雨水、防漏密封和遮荫卷启功能,其遮荫功能, 是靠拉帘式百叶窗的张合卷启原理, 在栽培室内操纵实现的。  17. The three-dimensional temperature-controlled breeding continuous cropping ecosystem according to claim 14, characterized in that the PVC light-transmitting and shading type plate (6) is a light-transmitting member that retains all the advantages of the traditional PVC-type plate greenhouse, and is self-controlling. The rain accumulators work together to add rainwater storage, leak-proof seals, and shading roll-up functions. The shading function is achieved by operating in the cultivation room based on the principle of the roll-up roll-up shutter curtain.
18、 根据权利要求 1、 2、 5、 7、 9、 11、 13、 15或 17所述的立体温控养 种连作生态系统, 其特征在于在 RG太阳能和自产生物质能制换技术优势互补 中, 实现了消化器内粪便发酵温度和养种连作环境温度的两级双效产供, 这一 各有所需的温度产供工艺, 是系列化养种连作效益大于同等数量面积传统养种 之合数十倍的关键。  18. The three-dimensional temperature-controlled breeding continuous cropping ecosystem according to claim 1, 2, 5, 7, 9, 11, 13, 15, or 17, characterized in that the advantages of RG solar energy and self-generating material exchange technologies are complementary. In the digester, the two-stage dual-effect production and supply of fermenting temperature and continuous cropping environment temperature in the digester were realized. This process has the required temperature production and supply technology. The key is dozens of times.
19、 根据权利要求 16所述的立体温控养种连作生态系统, 其特征在于在 RG太阳能和自产生物质能制换技术优势互补中, 实现了消化器内粪便发酵温 度和养种连作环境温度的两级双效产供, 这一各有所需的温度产供工艺, 是系 列化养种连作效益大于同等数量面积传统养种之合数十倍的关键。  19. The three-dimensional temperature-controlled breeding continuous cropping ecosystem according to claim 16, characterized in that, in the complementary advantages of RG solar energy and self-producing material exchange technology, the temperature of fecal fermentation in the digester and the temperature of the crop continuous cropping environment are realized. The two-stage dual-effect production and supply process, each of which has the required temperature production and supply process, is the key to the serialized breeding and continuous cropping benefits that are dozens of times greater than the traditional breeding of the same amount of area.
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CN1302536A (en) * 1999-12-31 2001-07-11 赵冰 Multifunctional 3D ecological engineering facilities
CN1337146A (en) * 2000-07-25 2002-02-27 刘炳强 Serial facilities for agricultural factory with high ecological benefit

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101924498A (en) * 2010-08-12 2010-12-22 武汉天恒新源农业科技有限公司 Solar energy and marsh gas cogeneration system
US10624322B2 (en) * 2016-05-26 2020-04-21 Solar Energy Conversion Power Corporation Aquaponic unit

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