WO2003069977A1 - Systeme ecologique a etages multiples pour culture et recolte sequentielle avec regulation de la temperature - Google Patents

Systeme ecologique a etages multiples pour culture et recolte sequentielle avec regulation de la temperature Download PDF

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Publication number
WO2003069977A1
WO2003069977A1 PCT/CN2002/000099 CN0200099W WO03069977A1 WO 2003069977 A1 WO2003069977 A1 WO 2003069977A1 CN 0200099 W CN0200099 W CN 0200099W WO 03069977 A1 WO03069977 A1 WO 03069977A1
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WO
WIPO (PCT)
Prior art keywords
temperature
continuous cropping
controlled
cultivation
biogas
Prior art date
Application number
PCT/CN2002/000099
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English (en)
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
Bingqiang Liu
Gang Liu
Jinxian Li
Original Assignee
Bingqiang Liu
Gang Liu
Jinxian Li
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority to CN00121475A priority Critical patent/CN1337146A/zh
Application filed by Bingqiang Liu, Gang Liu, Jinxian Li filed Critical Bingqiang Liu
Priority to PCT/CN2002/000099 priority patent/WO2003069977A1/fr
Priority to AU2002237165A priority patent/AU2002237165A1/en
Publication of WO2003069977A1 publication Critical patent/WO2003069977A1/fr

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Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G31/00Soilless cultivation, e.g. hydroponics
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P60/00Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries
    • Y02P60/20Reduction of greenhouse gas [GHG] emissions in agriculture, e.g. CO2
    • Y02P60/21Dinitrogen oxide [N2O], e.g. using aquaponics, hydroponics or efficiency measures

Definitions

  • the invention belongs to the comprehensive technology of low-cost, large-load, high-speed, and high-quality conversion of green energy flow to green logistics, and specifically relates to a facility that does not have the influence of negative natural forces, integrates clean farming, and pollution-free planting into a facility that can do more with less.
  • the purpose of the present invention is not only to make up for this shortcoming, but to form a standardized, standardized and industrialized processing technology and manufacturing means by using three-dimensional temperature-controlled breeding and continuous cropping ecosystem to form all its system equipment, structures, and components.
  • the facility's agricultural system has completely eliminated the rainy and cold weather, the hot summer and drought brought fruits and vegetables, animals, and water
  • the perplexity of the production and breeding environment has merged the traditional, high energy consumption and low output traditional breeding pattern of diversification and combativeness into a clean operation track of low energy consumption and high output with complementary advantages and complementary integration.
  • Green energy flows to green logistics with less effort
  • the multi-level conversion provides strong and effective system technical support. This powerful and effective system technology is to make green agricultural and sideline products into spiritual material civilization, spiritual material civilization to become healthy and longevity, health and longevity to become scientific and technological capital, and scientific and technological capital to become the source of social wealth.
  • the technical solution of the present invention is a three-dimensional temperature-controlled breeding continuous cropping ecosystem, including a self-controlling rain accumulator, an air vent, a rain-storage and residual liquid recovery main pipe, an RG solar light guide, a SY side wall, and PVC Transparent shading plate, water pump, radiator, fruit and vegetable rhizome leaf skin crushing and vegetable cleaning and packing table, cultivation room column beam, multi-purpose cultivation bed, multi-layer cultivation floor, C0 2 gas fertilizer supply pipe, biogas slurry cultivation Devices, cultures and substrates, time-controlled feeders and manure flushing pumps, biogas slurry (nutrient solution) pumps, biogas energy heat and cold distributors, fog spray nozzles, self-controlling manure water pumps, stairwells, coolers, SY partition walls, Automatic water replenisher, vent pipe, carbon dioxide residual gas discharge pipe, fresh water storage tank, manure water high and low feed pipe, biogas desulfurization purification and storage tank, pressure relief pipe for heating system, six-in-
  • the RG solar light guide (4) is characterized in that there is a bidirectional concave-convex light-receiving sandwich, a baffle, a baffle, and a three-sided enclosure on the back of the sun. There is an evacuated insulation layer on the side of the sun. There is a linear condensed PVC injection plate. The linear condensing plate and the enclosure are sealed by plugging in.
  • the self-made RG light guide and the heat source of the biogas production are complementary to each other, which meets the 58 Q C feces without seasonal boundaries.
  • the water temperature fermentation demand generates a large load of manure water treatment capacity of 200kgOLR / m 3 ⁇ d.
  • the facility agricultural system (hereinafter referred to as the system), based on the heavy-duty manure water treatment process, has reduced the volume of the equipment container by a factor of two, making the multi-level and multi-layer vertical assembly of the equipment container and the shared operation resource sharing a reality.
  • the ecological breeding benefit of the system is determined by the scale of livestock breeding. Regardless of the scale, it has the functions of in-situ conversion, absorption, and multi-stage utilization of the breeding waste in the plant, and completes low-energy, high-energy cleaning.
  • the mission of production is to produce a variety of resources and commodities that are several times greater than the value of waste, and to achieve the optimal level of benefits of continuous cropping and complementary motivation.
  • the system puts the facility agricultural equipment into the current year, and the profitable dream of recaptured in that year turns into a gravitational reality, thus ending the demonstration of facility agricultural equipment that is easy to promote and difficult to promote. history.
  • FIG. 1 is a schematic structural diagram of the present invention. detailed description
  • the three-dimensional temperature-controlled breeding continuous cropping ecosystem consists of a self-controlling rain accumulator (1), ventilation holes (2), rainwater and residual liquid recovery pipes (3), and RG solar energy.
  • the heat-conducting medium in the RG solar light guide (4) passes through the radiator (8) and passes through the heat-supply outlet pipe (42) on the biogas-energy cold and heat distributor (18) to reach the six-in-one
  • the heat transfer pipe (35) in the digester (32) is returned to the RG solar light guide (4) by the heating and returning pipe (41) through the hot and cold distributor (18) and the radiator (8).
  • Such a reciprocating cycle completes different temperature supply of the digester (32) and then the cultivation room. 1.1.
  • the RG solar light guide (4) only supplies a uniform temperature of 58 Q C to the six-in-one digester through a special pipe valve; the PVC light-transmitting and shading plate (6) the light-transmitting member, which retains
  • the functions of rainwater storage, leak-proof sealing and shading roll-up are added. Its shading function is realized by operating in the cultivation room by the principle of the folding and unfolding of the curtain-type shutters.
  • the light guide (4) can supplement the hot and cold temperature control beyond its power. That is, the six-in-one digester (32) and the breeding planting room each have a set of temperature sensors. When the respective working temperature difference exceeds or fails to meet the set requirements, the temperature sensor will start or cut off the hot and cold work system at any time. Ensure the continuous normal production and supply of the temperature of the two-stage dual-effect operating system. Repeatedly in this way, cheap and effective overcome the disadvantages brought by continuous temperature differences to breeding continuous cropping. 2.1.
  • the large amount of biogas produced by the six-in-one digester can complete the four functions of cold and hot distributor work, biogas residue drying and granulation, continuous cropping environment light supplement, and production staff cooking and warming bath.
  • Zero cost by-products (0.98 cubic meters of CO 2 per cubic meter of CH 4 after combustion) is sufficient gas fertilizer.
  • This system uses it as a high-purity carbon source, and after it is cooled by the gas fertilizer supply pipe (13), it is continuously cultivated, absorbed and synthesized in a supply facility.
  • Fruit and vegetable rhizome and leaf skin crushing and fine vegetable cleaning and packing table (9) is a special operation that integrates crushing, shearing, spray washing, hand washing, flexible spin drying, fine fruit and vegetable weighing, packaging, evacuation, heat sealing, and bundling. station.
  • the water source comes from the clear water storage tank (27), and the used wastewater flows into the rainwater storage and aquaculture pond (44) through the rainwater recovery main pipe (3).
  • the shredded rhizome leaf skin and non-market standard fruits and vegetables are blended with commercial feed according to the different developmental needs of poultry and livestock, and delivered to the eyes of poultry and livestock by a time-controlled feeder (16).
  • Time-controlled feeder and manure scouring pump (16) which has the function of variable speed clutch, high speed gear is used for feces washing, and the speed change gear is used for livestock feeding and residual material return; and it has feed agitation and multi-layer Six functions: feed conveyance, remnants of leftovers, drinking water supply for livestock and poultry, and flushing of feces. After starting up at the set time, first complete the feed mixing and fecal washing work, and then complete the multi-layer word conveyance and livestock and drinking water requirements. Residual food left over from livestock and poultry is circulated back to the mixing box on the mixer (16) by a U-shaped conveyor with a speed of 60 sec / m.
  • the manure water comes from the rainwater storage and aquatic product cultivation ponds (44), the fruit and vegetable foliar mist culture residues from the multipurpose cultivation bed (11), and the vegetable and vegetable packaging table (9) washing water.
  • the flushed liquid faecal water was leaked through the underground faecal water temporary storage tank (46) along the uneven ditch slopes with a gradual distribution hole.
  • Biogas desulfurization and purification storage tank (30) through the corresponding purification and oxygenation process, the hydrogen sulfide in the biogas is oxidized into elemental sulfur and water in the tank, thereby achieving high purity of the biogas (CH 4 content increased from 65% to 85%) low-cost processing. Under the premise of security, go to play the 2nd above Five functions expressed by the bar.
  • the six-in-one anaerobic fermentation digestion vessel (32) is an important component that reflects the overall operational efficiency.
  • a plurality of partitions are provided in the middle, and a plurality of overflow holes are opened at the upper and lower ends of the partition.
  • the fermented material is pumped by the faecal water pump (20) through the faecal water delivery pipe (29), and the high feed low feed pipe (28) is passed through the faecal water and enters the A room from the bottom end.
  • the control valve is released from the low-feed high-feed pipe (30) and enters a one-step separation and drying feed machine (40).
  • each partition in the digestion vessel (32) is equipped with a heat transfer tube (35) and a time-controlled agitator ( 38) to achieve a reasonable distribution of fermentation temperature; to ensure the dynamic decomposition of fermentation materials and the unhindered volatilization of CH 4 bacteria.
  • the digestion container (32) is additionally equipped with a PH value regulator, a temperature controller, and multiple peephole covers.
  • the monitor of the PH value regulator is connected in parallel with the equipment intelligent console (45); the monitor of the temperature controller is connected with the solenoid valve on the heating and return pipe (41) and the instrument console (45).
  • the biogas outlet is integrated with the desulfurization and purification unit in the biogas storage tank (30).
  • the digestion container (32) is placed on the top layer, which is beneficial to the circulation of the heating medium of the RG solar light guide (4) and the hot and cold distributor (18); second, it is beneficial to the one-step separation and drying of the pelletizer (40). Save material turnover and pumping costs; Three benefits for the installation, operation, inspection and maintenance of the time-controlled agitator (38) and various related regulators; Four winters are conducive to the increase and maintenance of indoor ambient temperature, and summer is conducive to excess heat Emissions treatment.
  • the kinetic energy of the one-step separation drying granulator (40) comes from the power source, and the drying heat energy comes from the biogas.
  • the biogas residue obtained after separation is dried and granulated in the machine, and then enters an automatic packaging machine (43), which is directly supplied to the market as a pure green commercial fertilizer.
  • the biogas slurry separated by it flows into the underground biogas slurry tank through the pipeline.
  • the biogas slurry pump (17) is pumped into the mist cultivation device (14) for foliar fog cultivation for each cultivation (15) at a set time, which is completed. Cleanse the cultured manure while draining and treating, and absorbing while increasing in value.
  • Biogas slurry aerator (14) is a spray device with up and down, adjustable size, and a fog nozzle (19)
  • the frequency of the period of fog cultivation for plants is controlled by the time-controlled biogas slurry pump; it can meet the requirements of fog cultivation of different cultivated species, different heights, and wide stems.
  • the mist culture nozzle (19) sprays the mist biogas slurry on the leaf surface of the cultivation. Due to the richness of nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium, amino acids, various active enzymes and fast-acting auxins, the finished fruits and vegetables produced by the mist culture are The grade, yield, cost and maturity period are far superior to the cultivation effect of inorganic fertilizer, and belong to the veritable high-quality, high-value-added pure green food.
  • the multi-purpose cultivation bed (11) is composed of two parts.
  • the first component completes the return and transportation of residual biogas slurry and other cultivation residual liquid. It is an assembly of an interchangeable shaped injection molded part with a bracket and a shaped injection molded part with a cover plate and a matrix slot.
  • the rack has a height adjustment function within 36 cm to realize the leakage-free recovery of residual liquid in more than two groups of practical use.
  • the cover plate with a matrix groove has the function of repeating the assembly without deforming, and doubles the speed of cultivating roots and clearing roots.
  • the matrix groove is processed into multiples according to the distance between rows and the width of roots of industrial cultivated species. This variety series, under the premise of doubling the quality of the cultivation and root removal speed, and ensuring that the tank is reused and invariant, realize the standard manufacturing of the substrate tank and the diversified market supply.

Abstract

La présente invention se rapporte à un moyen technique de conversion d'énergie qui permet d'utiliser le flux d'énergie verte pour la production de végétaux à un rendement élevé, à grande vitesse et à un niveau de qualité élevé ainsi qu'à faible coût. Elle se rapporte notamment à un système écologique à étages multiples permettant la culture et la récolte séquentielle avec régulation de la température. Ledit système, qui permet à la fois la reproduction et la culture sans sol, n'est pas soumis aux effets négatifs de l'environnement naturel. Il fournit un nouveau moyen de traitement anaérobie à haute température du fumier et de transformation à bas coût du gaz, du résidu et du liquide de décomposition du fumier en mettant en oeuvre un dispositif d'agitation suspendu, régulé dans le temps, et il permet une complémentation de l'énergie solaire par de l'énergie biologique. Cette nouvelle technique peut utiliser les gaz de décomposition du fumier pour mettre en oeuvre une climatisation à double action qui permet non seulement de constituer un super environnement à étages multiples pour la culture et la récolte séquentielle, mis en oeuvre pour élever de la volaille, des animaux domestiques, des crevettes, des crabes, et pour cultiver des fruits, des légumes ainsi que des fleurs, mais qui permet également de supprimer le développement insuffisant des végétaux dans des conditions hivernales extrêmes. En outre, ce système permet de transformer un ancien moyen de recyclage du fumier à faible rendement en un nouveau moyen de traitement par purification automatique élevée, à forte valeur ajoutée, à l'aide du dispositif de traitement suspendu et d'un granulateur mono-étape qui fait usage du gaz de décomposition du fumier. Ce système met tout d'abord en oeuvre un moyen étagé permettant de cultiver des fruits, des légumes ainsi que des fleurs en les alimentant avec le liquide de décomposition de substances organiques, des acides aminés et des ions métalliques. Ce système permet également d'alimenter les poissons, les crevettes, les crabes, les tortues, etc. avec un milieu d'alimentation et de l'eau. Ce système permet enfin de résoudre le problème lié à la production d'une grande quantité de liquide de décomposition du fumier qui ne pouvait, jusqu'à présent, pas être traitée sur place.
PCT/CN2002/000099 2000-07-25 2002-02-20 Systeme ecologique a etages multiples pour culture et recolte sequentielle avec regulation de la temperature WO2003069977A1 (fr)

Priority Applications (3)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN00121475A CN1337146A (zh) 2000-07-25 2000-07-25 一种生态效益多级升值的系列化设施农业工厂
PCT/CN2002/000099 WO2003069977A1 (fr) 2000-07-25 2002-02-20 Systeme ecologique a etages multiples pour culture et recolte sequentielle avec regulation de la temperature
AU2002237165A AU2002237165A1 (en) 2002-02-20 2002-02-20 Multi-storied ecological system for culturing and sequential cropping under temperature control

Applications Claiming Priority (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN00121475A CN1337146A (zh) 2000-07-25 2000-07-25 一种生态效益多级升值的系列化设施农业工厂
PCT/CN2002/000099 WO2003069977A1 (fr) 2000-07-25 2002-02-20 Systeme ecologique a etages multiples pour culture et recolte sequentielle avec regulation de la temperature

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CN101924498A (zh) * 2010-08-12 2010-12-22 武汉天恒新源农业科技有限公司 太阳能和沼气联合发电系统
CN107926330A (zh) * 2017-12-29 2018-04-20 洛阳理工学院 一种多功能绿化带修整装置
CN109122531A (zh) * 2018-10-09 2019-01-04 洪泽鱼之源生物科技有限公司 一种仿生态集约化循环水养殖的明暗嵌合温室系统和养殖方法
CN110122115A (zh) * 2019-06-26 2019-08-16 浙江大学城市学院 阳台用鱼菜共生系统
US10624322B2 (en) * 2016-05-26 2020-04-21 Solar Energy Conversion Power Corporation Aquaponic unit

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CN1337146A (zh) * 2000-07-25 2002-02-27 刘炳强 一种生态效益多级升值的系列化设施农业工厂
CN1817370B (zh) * 2006-01-24 2012-02-01 钟亚伟 畜禽粪污超高温厌氧生物快速消毒防疫系统及处理方法
CN101248776B (zh) * 2008-03-21 2011-10-19 奕永庆 畜禽养殖场给排水系统
CN101310591A (zh) * 2008-04-23 2008-11-26 孙以川 按照物质和能量循环设计的现代系统农业生产体系
CN102613030B (zh) * 2012-04-24 2013-08-07 太原美林农业科技有限公司 零残留蔬菜生产双层大棚
CN103061571B (zh) * 2013-02-07 2015-08-05 李红军 一种可实现能源循环利用的多功能楼宇及其使用方法
CN103477908A (zh) * 2013-09-21 2014-01-01 王干 一种基于阴阳棚一体化的光伏日光温室大棚及建造方法
CN110169285A (zh) * 2019-06-17 2019-08-27 义乌纹挺新能源科技有限公司 一种庭院的草坪自动管理系统
US20220095552A1 (en) * 2020-09-30 2022-03-31 Cambridge Research & Development, Inc. Methods for cultivation using protected growing wells and related structures

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CN101924498A (zh) * 2010-08-12 2010-12-22 武汉天恒新源农业科技有限公司 太阳能和沼气联合发电系统
US10624322B2 (en) * 2016-05-26 2020-04-21 Solar Energy Conversion Power Corporation Aquaponic unit
CN107926330A (zh) * 2017-12-29 2018-04-20 洛阳理工学院 一种多功能绿化带修整装置
CN109122531A (zh) * 2018-10-09 2019-01-04 洪泽鱼之源生物科技有限公司 一种仿生态集约化循环水养殖的明暗嵌合温室系统和养殖方法
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CN110122115A (zh) * 2019-06-26 2019-08-16 浙江大学城市学院 阳台用鱼菜共生系统

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