CN201418312Y - Agricultural microbioecological zero discharge symbiotic system - Google Patents

Agricultural microbioecological zero discharge symbiotic system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN201418312Y
CN201418312Y CN2009201271452U CN200920127145U CN201418312Y CN 201418312 Y CN201418312 Y CN 201418312Y CN 2009201271452 U CN2009201271452 U CN 2009201271452U CN 200920127145 U CN200920127145 U CN 200920127145U CN 201418312 Y CN201418312 Y CN 201418312Y
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China
Prior art keywords
livestock
poultry
agricultural
greenhouse
emission
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Expired - Fee Related
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CN2009201271452U
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Chinese (zh)
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周远飞
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周远飞
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Priority to CN2009201271452U priority Critical patent/CN201418312Y/en
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/10Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in agriculture
    • Y02A40/28Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in agriculture specially adapted for farming

Abstract

The utility model provides an agricultural microbioecological zero discharge symbiotic system. The system causes the livestock and poultry and planting objects to combine into a microecostystem, treats the excreta of the livestock and poultry to be the manure of the planting objects, and realizes the zero discharge; the system comprises a greenhouse, a livestock and poultry livestock shed and a plant planting facility are arranged in the greenhouse, and a microbe fermentation layer is arranged on the ground of the livestock and poultry livestock shed; the excreta of the livestock and poultry is treated by the microbe fermentation layer, and provides the wealthy organic fertilizer for the planting objects; meanwhile, the temperature produced in the fermentation creates the favorable condition for the growing of the livestock and poultry and the animal and plant; the discharge of the salutary spawn and medication in the microbe fermentation layer can carry out the harmless treatment to the excreta of the livestock and poultry, such as fermentation, disassociation, disinsection, ovicide, passivation, etc.; meanwhile, the fermentation of the excreta of the livestock and poultry and thecarbon dioxide produced by the livestock and poultry causes the vegetable photosynthesis to be sufficient, and facilitate the vegetation growing; and the waterbody adjusts the greenhouse microclimate, can provide the drinking water for the livestock and poultry and the growing water for the vegetation, and can cultivate the benthon.

Description

The little ecological zero-emission cogeneration system of agricultural
Technical field
The utility model relates to agrotechnique, is specifically related to the little ecological zero-emission cogeneration system of a kind of agricultural.
Background technology
Along with the fast development of livestock breeding breed scale, the environmental pollution that farm animal excrement causes is serious day by day, and Chinese annual farm animal excrement generation has reached 1,900,000,000 tons at present, has surpassed 2 times of industrial solid castoff discharge capacity.Existing farm animal excrement treatment technology effect is unsatisfactory, because moisture height in the farm animal excrement, volume are big, the disposal cost height, therefore most of farm animal excrement is directly discharged, if but farm animal excrement is drained into river, lake, then can make body eutrophication, pollute, if and directly stack with solid form, then can take a large amount of soils, the poisonous and harmful substance that the farm animal excrement fermentation produces also can cause air and phreatic pollution, and therefore, the processing of livestock breeding farm animal excrement has become a great problem of enterprise.
And owing to the demand of people to green, environmental protection food, plant husbandry is at present also being sought the substitute that substitutes inorganic fertilizer.
The utility model content
In view of this, in order to address the above problem, the utility model provides a kind of agricultural little ecological zero-emission cogeneration system, can carry out harmless treatment to farm animal excrement, and the excreta after the processing can be used as the fertilizer of plant species.
The purpose of this utility model is achieved in that the little ecological zero-emission cogeneration system of agricultural, comprises the greenhouse, is provided with its feeding house and plant planting facility in the described greenhouse, and described its feeding house ground is provided with the microbial fermentation layer.
Further, described microbial fermentation layer thickness is 50-100cm;
Further, the thickness of described microbial fermentation layer the best is 80cm;
Further, also be provided with water body in the described greenhouse, the area of described water body is the 8-70% of greenhouse area;
Further, be provided with automatic feeding and drinking-water system in the described its feeding house;
Further, the area of its feeding house is less than or equal to plant planting facility area;
Further, be provided with heat-conducting system in the microbial fermentation layer of described its feeding house;
Further, described heat-conducting system is many water pipes.
The little ecological zero-emission cogeneration system of agricultural of the present utility model, farm animal excrement are by after the microbial fermentation layer fermentation process, and for plant species provides abundant fertilizer, the temperature that fermentation simultaneously produces is that good condition has been created in livestock and poultry and vegeto-animal growth; By dispensing probiotics and medicine in the microbial fermentation layer, can ferment fast to farm animal excrement, harmless treatments such as decomposition, absorption, desinsection, the ovum that goes out, passivation; Simultaneously, the carbonic acid gas that farm animal excrement fermentation and livestock and poultry and aquatic products produce can make photosynthesis of plants abundant again, is beneficial to plant growing; The oxygen that plant discharges can improve the air quality of livestock and poultry house.Aquatic products can be cultivated microorganism again.In addition, the utility model also has following advantage:
1) economize ground, livestock and poultry and plant species form the ecosystem closely, do not need the outer soil of occupying volume to handle the excrement dirt simultaneously, and 10-20% saves the area;
2) water-saving, its feeding house does not need the water flushing, water saving 85-90%;
3) growth under the nutrient environment that the farm animal excrement fermentation provides of material-saving, the edible thalline in the microbial fermentation layer can be used as the high-quality feed of livestock and poultry rapidly, improves meat, saves feed 20-30%;
4) energy-conservation, because the heat that fermentation produces and the heat insulating ability in greenhouse can save energy 10-20%, under the microbial fermentation layer, heat-conducting system is set simultaneously, can regulate the cogeneration system temp. and humidity, promote animal and plant growth, also can be peasant household hot water is provided;
5) economize medicine, the useful thalline in the microbial fermentation layer can reduce the incidence of disease of livestock and poultry, and the damage by disease and insect of the plant species of application of organic fertilizers also can reduce;
6) economize fertilizer, the carbonic acid gas that livestock and poultry are breathed out can promote the growth of plant species, makes its Net Photosynthetic Rate reach 29.43 micromoles/square metre second, more than 2 times of Da Putong greenhouse, and the oxygen of photosynthesis generation simultaneously also can promote the growth of livestock and poultry;
7) all degraded utilizations in system of zero-emission, farm animal excrement and plant waste do not have sewage and ight soil outwards to discharge, and can not produce foul smell yet, greatly improve environment.
Other advantages of the present utility model, target, to set forth in the following description to a certain extent with feature, and to a certain extent, based on being conspicuous to those skilled in the art, perhaps can from practice of the present utility model, obtain instruction to investigating hereinafter.Target of the present utility model and other advantages can be passed through following specification, claims, and the specifically noted structure realizes and obtains in the accompanying drawing.
Description of drawings
In order to make the purpose of this utility model, technical scheme and advantage clearer, the utility model is described in further detail below in conjunction with accompanying drawing:
Fig. 1 shows the structural representation of the little ecological zero-emission cogeneration system of agricultural;
Fig. 2 shows the structural representation of its feeding house ground microbial fermentation layer and heat-conducting system.
Embodiment
Hereinafter with reference to accompanying drawing, preferred embodiment of the present utility model is described in detail.
Referring to Fig. 1, the agriculture little ecological zero-emission cogeneration system of present embodiment, comprise greenhouse 1, described greenhouse 1 can adopt plastic tunnel or miniature greenhouse, be provided with at least a in its feeding house 2 and water body 3 or the plant planting facility 4 in the described greenhouse 1, the area of its feeding house is less than or equal to plant planting facility area, referring to Fig. 2, described its feeding give up 2 ground or be arranged with the microbial fermentation layer 5 of 50-100cm, the thickness of best microbial fermentation layer 5 is 80cm, microbial fermentation layer 5 can be selected sawdust for use, agricultural byproducts waste materials such as husk, add the go out Chinese herbal medicine of ovum of microbe leaven and desinsection therein, earthworms etc. are breeded fish in the water body 3, and fish is to make system fertile and that cultivate microorganism, also can regulate simultaneously the microclimate environment in the greenhouse, for livestock and poultry supply drinking water and provide the growth water for plant.Be provided with heat-conducting system in the microbial fermentation layer 5 of described its feeding house 2, described heat-conducting system is made up of thermal conductive water pipe 6, and thermal conductive water pipe 6 feeds cold water, can get up to regulate the effect of temperature, and it can derive hot water in winter, can make the cooling of fermentation bed summer; Also be provided with automatic feeding and drinking-water facility in the described its feeding house 2.Described water body 3 is provided with automatic water supply system.
The agriculture little ecological zero-emission cogeneration system of present embodiment, make livestock and poultry, microorganism and water body, plant species be combined into microecosystem, livestock and poultry and aquatic products excreta are handled the fertilizer of back as plant species, plant species is as livestock and poultry, aquatic products foodstuff, realize zero-emission, efficient energy-saving.
The above is a preferred embodiment of the present utility model only, is not limited to the utility model, and obviously, those skilled in the art can carry out various changes and modification and not break away from spirit and scope of the present utility model the utility model.Like this, if of the present utility model these are revised and modification belongs within the scope of the utility model claim and equivalent technologies thereof, intention then of the present utility model comprises these changes and modification interior.

Claims (8)

1. the little ecological zero-emission cogeneration system of agricultural is characterized in that: comprise the greenhouse, be provided with its feeding in the described greenhouse and give up and the plant planting facility that described its feeding house ground is provided with the microbial fermentation layer.
2. the little ecological zero-emission cogeneration system of agricultural as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that: described microbial fermentation layer thickness is 50-100cm.
3. the little ecological zero-emission cogeneration system of agricultural as claimed in claim 2, it is characterized in that: described microbial fermentation layer thickness is 80cm.
4. the little ecological zero-emission cogeneration system of agricultural as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that: also be provided with water body in the described greenhouse, the area of described water body is the 8-70% of greenhouse area.
5. the little ecological zero-emission cogeneration system of agricultural as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that: be provided with automatic feeding and drinking-water system in the described its feeding house.
6. as the little ecological zero-emission cogeneration system of each described agricultural in the claim 1 to 5, it is characterized in that: the area of its feeding house is less than or equal to plant planting facility area.
7. as the little ecological zero-emission cogeneration system of each described agricultural in the claim 1 to 5, it is characterized in that: be provided with heat-conducting system in the microbial fermentation layer of described its feeding house.
8. the little ecological zero-emission cogeneration system of agricultural as claimed in claim 7, it is characterized in that: described heat-conducting system is many water pipes.
CN2009201271452U 2009-04-27 2009-04-27 Agricultural microbioecological zero discharge symbiotic system Expired - Fee Related CN201418312Y (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2009201271452U CN201418312Y (en) 2009-04-27 2009-04-27 Agricultural microbioecological zero discharge symbiotic system

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2009201271452U CN201418312Y (en) 2009-04-27 2009-04-27 Agricultural microbioecological zero discharge symbiotic system

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102907339A (en) * 2012-09-25 2013-02-06 东南大学 Ecological chicken house, and fabrication method of digestion treatment section of ecological chicken house
CN102986481A (en) * 2012-10-23 2013-03-27 无锡市喷特环保工程有限公司 Method for heating vegetable greenhouse by using household garbage
CN110214609A (en) * 2019-07-17 2019-09-10 浓之湾生态农业邯郸市肥乡区有限公司 Animals and plants mixed breeding environmental protection and disease-resistant method and facility

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102907339A (en) * 2012-09-25 2013-02-06 东南大学 Ecological chicken house, and fabrication method of digestion treatment section of ecological chicken house
CN102907339B (en) * 2012-09-25 2014-02-26 东南大学 Fabrication method of digestion treatment section of ecological chicken house
CN102986481A (en) * 2012-10-23 2013-03-27 无锡市喷特环保工程有限公司 Method for heating vegetable greenhouse by using household garbage
CN110214609A (en) * 2019-07-17 2019-09-10 浓之湾生态农业邯郸市肥乡区有限公司 Animals and plants mixed breeding environmental protection and disease-resistant method and facility

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C17 Cessation of patent right
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20100310

Termination date: 20100427