RU2465424C2 - Superthin device for parking and access to vehicle with fully floating mechanical handlers - Google Patents

Superthin device for parking and access to vehicle with fully floating mechanical handlers Download PDF

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Publication number
RU2465424C2
RU2465424C2 RU2010136844/03A RU2010136844A RU2465424C2 RU 2465424 C2 RU2465424 C2 RU 2465424C2 RU 2010136844/03 A RU2010136844/03 A RU 2010136844/03A RU 2010136844 A RU2010136844 A RU 2010136844A RU 2465424 C2 RU2465424 C2 RU 2465424C2
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Russia
Prior art keywords
mechanical
frame
mentioned
wheels
lever
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RU2010136844/03A
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Russian (ru)
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RU2010136844A (en
Inventor
Кви ЧЕНГ (CN)
Кви ЧЕНГ
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Хангцхоу Ксици-Иук Паркинг Систем Ко., Лтд
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Priority to CN200810162661.9 priority Critical
Priority to CN 200810162661 priority patent/CN101476402B/en
Application filed by Хангцхоу Ксици-Иук Паркинг Систем Ко., Лтд filed Critical Хангцхоу Ксици-Иук Паркинг Систем Ко., Лтд
Publication of RU2010136844A publication Critical patent/RU2010136844A/en
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04HBUILDINGS OR LIKE STRUCTURES FOR PARTICULAR PURPOSES; SWIMMING OR SPLASH BATHS OR POOLS; MASTS; FENCING; TENTS OR CANOPIES, IN GENERAL
    • E04H6/00Buildings for parking cars, rolling stock, aircraft, vessels or like vehicles, e.g. garages
    • E04H6/08Garages for many vehicles
    • E04H6/12Garages for many vehicles with mechanical means for shifting or lifting vehicles
    • E04H6/18Garages for many vehicles with mechanical means for shifting or lifting vehicles with means for transport in vertical direction only or independently in vertical and horizontal directions
    • E04H6/182Garages for many vehicles with mechanical means for shifting or lifting vehicles with means for transport in vertical direction only or independently in vertical and horizontal directions using car-gripping transfer means
    • E04H6/183Garages for many vehicles with mechanical means for shifting or lifting vehicles with means for transport in vertical direction only or independently in vertical and horizontal directions using car-gripping transfer means without transverse movement of the car after leaving the transfer means

Abstract

FIELD: transport.
SUBSTANCE: superthin device for parking and access with fully floating mechanical handlers includes longitudinally moving carriage provided with symmetrical fully floating mechanical handlers on its each side. The longitudinally moving carriage consists of lower frame, driving motor for running gear, driving wheel which supports lower frame, driving shaft for driving wheel and driving gear wheel for driving wheel. The mentioned lower frame on each its side is provided with the mentioned driving motors, and the mentioned driving motors rotate the mentioned driving wheels via the mentioned driving shaft and the mentioned gear wheel. Fully floating mechanical handler consists of mechanical lever, transmission gear of mechanical lever, sliding panel for pushing mechanical handlers, straightline guide rail on inner side of longitudinal girder of the mentioned lower frame and guide groove for pivoted lever on outer side of longitudinal girder of the mentioned lower frame. Four symmetrically located mechanical levers and two sliding panels are provided on each side of line passing through midpoints of longitudinal girders of the mentioned lower frame. Each of the mentioned sliding panels is connected on each its side with mechanical lever via pin shaft. Two sliding panels on one side are in sliding engagement with the mentioned lower frame via straightline guide rail. These two sliding panels have transmission gear between them for mechanical lever. The mentioned transmission gear for mechanical lever which contacts in sliding manner with the mentioned lower frame via the mentioned straightline guide rail imparts propulsion to two sliding panels on one side via left-hand ball-bearing screw and right-hand ball-bearing screw respectively. Each mechanical lever is equipped with at least three freely rotating rollers. The mentioned rollers lift wheels above ground when mechanical levers grip and clamp vehicle wheels. Each mechanical lever is equipped with intermediate wheels in knee part on its inner end. The mentioned intermediate wheels move along curves of guide grooves for pivoted levers, and the mentioned sliding panels actuate the mentioned mechanical levers.
EFFECT: lower device manufacturing cost, reducing parking time, higher quality of technical service.
6 cl, 12 dwg

Description

Technical field
The present invention relates to a three-dimensional device for parking a vehicle, in particular to an ultra-thin device for parking and access to a vehicle with fully floating mechanical manipulators.
State of the art
As you know, the prosperity of society makes personal cars more and more popular, which leads to serious parking problems in large and medium-sized cities. To solve this problem, many types of parking devices have been recently developed. Among others, the rapid development of large ground-based mobile parking devices and multi-section parking lots. However, these expensive devices have several disadvantages, such as high construction costs, difficulties with repair and maintenance, long working hours when parking and getting vehicles.
Chinese patent ZL 200620041779.2 discloses a device for parking and access to a vehicle with a mechanical manipulator and holding friction wheels, which has a movable mechanism mounted on a movable trolley, a hitch with a car platform and its running gear. The movable mechanism comprises a locomotive engine mounted on a movable trolley, a gear driven by a locomotive engine, a rack engaged with a gear, and a rod connected to the rack. The hitch with the platform for the car and the running gear has one or more movable brackets connected to the rod, and a lever device of the friction wheel located on the movable bracket. The friction wheel linkage may enter a friction panel mounted on the underside of the vehicle platform. Although the device disclosed in this patent has some advantages, it must be equipped with a car platform and a gear rack, which makes this design expensive and complicated.
Disclosure of invention
The present invention relates to an ultra-thin device for parking and access to a vehicle with fully floating mechanical manipulators. A parking device using the device according to the invention dispenses with a car platform and a rack. Therefore, such a parking device has the advantages of low construction costs, low device costs, short parking and access times, and good maintenance capabilities.
To solve the aforementioned technical problems, the technical solution according to the invention is characterized by an ultra-thin design and has a longitudinally moving carriage with two fully floating mechanical manipulators located symmetrically on its sides;
said longitudinally moving carriage includes a lower frame, a drive motor for the running gear, a drive wheel that supports the lower frame, a drive shaft for the drive wheel, and a drive gear for the drive wheel, the lower frame having drive motors on its sides, and these drive motors provide rotation of said drive wheels by means of a drive shaft and a drive gear;
and said fully floating mechanical manipulator consists of a mechanical lever, a mechanical lever transmission mechanism, a sliding panel for pushing the mechanical manipulator, a straight guide rail and a guide groove for the rotary lever, which are respectively formed on the inner and outer sides of the longitudinal beam of said lower frame of said carriage; four symmetrically located mechanical levers and two sliding panels are made on either side of the line passing through the midpoints of the longitudinal beams of the lower frame, each of the two sliding panels being connected on each side with a mechanical lever through a finger shaft; two sliding panels on one side are slidably engaged with the bottom carriage frame by means of a straight guide rail; two sliding panels have a mechanical lever transmission mechanism between them; this gear mechanism of the mechanical lever, which is slidingly contacted with the lower frame also by means of said rectangular guide rail, drives two sliding panels on one side in translational motion by means of a levorating ball screw and a dextrorotating ball screw, respectively; each mechanical lever is provided with at least three rollers that can rotate freely; these rollers raise the wheels of the car, lifting them off the ground when mechanical levers grab and clamp the wheels of the car; each mechanical lever is equipped with intermediate wheels in place of the knee on its inner side; these intermediate wheels in the place of the knee move along the curves of the guide grooves of the pivot arm, and said sliding panels drive said mechanical arms.
In said ultra-thin device for parking and access with fully floating mechanical manipulators, said transmission mechanism is equipped with at least four locking and pushing rods for fixing paws; each sliding panel has two symmetrical locking legs under it; and in the case when the mechanical levers capture the car wheels, the locking and pushing rods push the locking legs so that the four locking legs are pressed against the two longitudinal beams of the lower frame, thereby creating a bi-directional locking state.
In said ultra-thin device for parking and access with fully floating mechanical manipulators, said mechanical levers are provided with articulated fingers in their knee portion; the longitudinal beam of the lower frame is equipped with groups of wheels supporting the pivot arm on its outer side; and the outer end of said mechanical lever is capable of rising on a pivot pin under the influence of these groups of wheels supporting the pivoting lever. In the aforementioned ultra-thin device for parking and access with fully floating mechanical manipulators, two longitudinal beams of the lower frame are equipped with four drive wheels in their middle part. In the aforementioned ultra-thin device for parking and access with fully floating mechanical manipulators, the lower frame is equipped with two horizontal guide wheels under each end of it; and a horizontal guide rail that contacts the horizontal guide wheels is provided on the conveyor and on the surface of the parking lot.
In the aforementioned ultra-thin device for parking and access with fully floating mechanical manipulators, the distance between the axes of the two mechanical levers before the grip is from 2200 mm to 3100 mm.
The device according to the invention operates as follows. The drive motor of the running gear is started to allow the longitudinally moving carriage to take a predetermined position under the vehicle chassis; then the transmission mechanism of the two sets of mechanical manipulators is actuated to bring the sliding panels of the mechanical manipulators into motion through the corresponding left-handed and right-handed ball screws. The sliding panels in turn drive four pairs of mechanical levers; and the mechanical levers are decomposed due to the guiding action of the curves at both ends of the guide grooves of the pivoting levers on the intermediate wheels in the knee portion of the mechanical levers. The transmission mechanism then gradually folds these unfolded mechanical levers. When any pair of mechanical levers touches the wheels of the car, it temporarily stops moving due to the resistance exerted by the wheels of the car. Since the device of the present invention uses a fully floating mechanism, another pair of mechanical levers and a transmission mechanism approach mechanical levers that have stopped moving until both pairs of mechanical levers touch the car wheels and the car wheels rise above the ground due to the lifting action of the rollers on the mechanical leverage. At this time, the transmission mechanism stops due to the action of the limit switch; and the locking paws under the sliding panels fix the relative position of the mechanical manipulators and the longitudinally moving carriage. After all four wheels of the car have been lifted, the drive motor of the running gear is turned on in response to the appropriate program commands, so that the longitudinally moving carriage moves from the parking position to the conveyor, and the action of gaining access ends. Since mechanical manipulators are completely floating with respect to a longitudinally moving carriage, the claimed device can automatically recognize and grab the wheels of the car, if they are located within the stroke of the mechanical levers.
The ultrathin parking and access device according to the invention is a special parking and car access mechanism that can be placed on a conveyor platform to constitute a ground-type mobile mechanical parking device, or can be located on a stacking device to constitute a multi-section mechanical parking device. The parking device according to the invention dispenses with a platform for transporting a car and without a gear rack, thereby lowering the cost of the device and accelerating parking and access to cars. On the other hand, a net height of 1.65 m between the floor and the ceiling is sufficient for the garage, thus also reducing the cost of construction work. The inventive device can be used in large mechanical garages due to its structural simplicity and ease of maintenance, and therefore is an economical, efficient and convenient solution to problems with parking cars in cities.
Brief Description of the Drawings
Figure 1 is a front view of an ultra-thin device for parking and access with fully floating mechanical manipulators according to the invention.
Figure 2 is a top view of an ultra-thin device for parking and access with fully floating mechanical manipulators according to the invention.
Figure 3 is a side view of an ultra-thin device for parking and access with fully floating mechanical manipulators according to the invention.
Figs. 4a, 4b, 4c, 4d and 4e show a folding process of a mechanical manipulator, where Fig. 4a shows a state in which the pivot arm is fully folded; Fig. 4b shows a state in which the pivot arm is spread out 45 degrees, a pair of intermediate wheels begins to enter the guide groove, and another pair of intermediate wheels moves along the curve of the guide groove; Fig. 4c shows a state in which the pivot arm is laid out 85 degrees, the pair of intermediate wheels has largely entered the guide groove, and the other pair of intermediate wheels continues to move along the curve of the guide groove; Fig. 4d shows a state in which the pivot arm is fully extended, a pair of intermediate wheels enter a guide groove and another pair of intermediate wheels come out of a guide groove; and FIG. 4e shows a front view of the guide groove of the pivot arm.
5 is a plan view showing a state in which the wheels of a vehicle are raised by mechanical manipulators.
6 is a front view showing a state in which a car is raised by an ultra-thin parking and access device according to the invention.
FIGS. 7a and 7b show the relationship between a mechanical arm and a group of support wheels for a mechanical arm, where FIG. 7a is a structural view showing a state in which the pivot arm and the support wheels are not in contact; and FIG. 7b is a structural view showing a state in which the pivot arm and the support wheels are in contact and the pivot arm is raised.
Reference Numbers
1 - longitudinally moving carriage; 2 - fully floating mechanical manipulator; 3 - lower frame of a longitudinally moving carriage; 4 - a directing groove for a rotary lever; 5 - straight rail; 6 - drive motor of the running gear; 7 - a drive shaft of a driving wheel; 8 - horizontal steering wheel; 9 - a driving wheel; 10 - drive gear for the drive wheel; 11 - a group of support wheels for a pivot arm; 12 - a mechanical lever; 13 - roller; 14 - articulated finger in the knee part of the mechanical lever; 15 - an intermediate wheel in the knee part of a mechanical lever; 16 - dextrorotatory ball screw; 17 - locking and pushing rod for locking paws; 18 - transmission mechanism of a mechanical lever; 19 - left-handed ball screw; 20 - sliding panel for pushing a mechanical manipulator; 21 - a fixing paw; 22 - a driving wheel; 23 - horizontal guide rail; 24 - finger shaft connecting the sliding panel and the mechanical lever.
Description of Embodiments
Below the present invention is described in detail with reference to the drawings.
As shown in FIGS. 1-7, the ultrathin parking and access device with fully floating mechanical manipulators according to the invention includes a longitudinally moving carriage 1 and two independent sets of fully floating mechanical manipulators 2 located symmetrically on the left and right sides of the carriage 1.
A longitudinally moving carriage 1 comprises a lower frame 3, a drive motor 6 for a running gear, a drive wheel 9, a drive shaft 7 for a drive wheel, a drive gear 10 for a drive wheel, a drive wheel 22 and a horizontal guide wheel 8. The lower frame 3 is rectangular and consists of two long longitudinal beams and two short transverse beams. Each longitudinal beam has straight rails 5, guide grooves 4 for the pivot arm on its inner side and outer side, respectively. The parking and access device according to the invention is symmetrical with respect to the connecting line through the midpoints of the longitudinal beams. So, only the design on one side will be described below.
The drive motor 6 is located on one side of the lower frame 3, and the motor housing 6 is attached to the inner side of the longitudinal beam. The drive shaft 7 is rotatably connected between two longitudinal beams of the lower frame 3, and is driven by leading gears near both ends. The axis of the drive gear 10 is fixed relative to the axis of the drive wheel 9 so that the drive gear 10 and the drive wheel 9 rotate synchronously. The drive motor 6 rotates the four drive wheels 9 through the drive shaft 7. The lower frame 3 is provided with four drive wheels 22 in the middle of the longitudinal beams in order to facilitate the longitudinally moving carriage 1 crossing the gap between the conveyor and the parking surface, thus, no special means are needed to compensate for the gap. This simplifies the design and reduces the time for parking and access to the car. At the same time, the bending moment acting on the lower frame 3 is much reduced, so that the lower frame 3 can be made of steel profile with a small cross-sectional area, which creates an ultra-thin device.
Four horizontal guide wheels 8 are installed under the lower frame 3 in its corners. As shown in FIG. 3, a horizontal guide rail 23, which is in contact with the horizontal guide wheels 8, is mounted on the conveyor and on the surface of the parking lot. Thus, the direction of travel of the longitudinally moving carriage 1 has no deviations, and the car can be transported smoothly.
The fully floating mechanical manipulator 2 has a mechanical lever gear 18, a sliding panel 20 for pushing the mechanical manipulator, a mechanical lever 12, rollers 13 on the mechanical lever, an articulated pin 14 in the knee part of the mechanical lever, intermediate wheels 15 in the knee part of the mechanical lever, support groups wheels 11 of the rotary arm on the outer sides of the longitudinal beams of the lower carriage frame, a guide groove 4 for the rotary arm on the outer side of the longitudinal beam of the lower carriage frame, p a rectilinear guide rail 5 on the inner side of the longitudinal beam of the lower carriage frame, the locking paws 21 under the sliding panel and the locking and pushing rods 17 for the locking paws. Four mechanical levers 12 are provided on the left or right side of the lower frame, two of which are symmetrical to the other two on the other side with respect to the line passing through the midpoints of the short beams. Two opposing mechanical levers 12 have a sliding panel 20 between them. These two mechanical levers 12 are connected to both ends of the sliding panel 20 via finger shafts 24. Two symmetrical sliding panels 20, located on the left or right side, slide in contact with the lower frame 3 through rectilinear guide rails 5. The transmission mechanism 18 of the mechanical levers, which is located between the two sliding panels 20, glides in contact with the lower frame 3 through straight guide rails 5. Both ends exit the shaft of the transmission mechanism 18 are attached to the right-hand ball screw 16 and to the left-hand screw 19, respectively. The dextrorotating ball screw 16 and the levorotating ball screw 19 are threadedly connected to the sliding panel 20. Thus, the transmission mechanism 18 provides the sliding panel 20 with translational movement through the levorotating ball screw 19 and the dextrorotating ball screw 16.
Each mechanical lever 12 is provided with at least three rollers 13 that rotate freely. After unfolding the mechanical levers 12 and grabbing the wheels of the car, rollers capable of free rotation can raise the wheels of the car above the ground. Each mechanical lever 12 is provided at the inner end with two pairs of intermediate wheels 15 in its knee portion. When the two sliding panels 20 move in the direction of each other, they drive the mechanical levers 20, and the intermediate wheels 15 are guided along the curves at both ends of the guide grooves 4 of the rotary levers, and the mechanical levers 12 are folded out, as shown in FIG. 4. When the two sliding panels 20 move apart, the mechanical levers 12 are folded and the intermediate wheels 15 are guided along the curves at both ends of the guide grooves 4 of the pivoting levers.
When the sliding panels 20 for pushing the mechanical manipulator drive four mechanical levers 12, the latter are laid out in the direction of the curves at both ends of the guide grooves 4 for the rotary levers to the intermediate wheels 15. After folding, the mechanical levers 12 move in the direction of each other under the action of the transmission mechanism. When any pair of mechanical levers comes into contact with the wheels of the car, it temporarily stops moving due to the resistance of the wheels of the car. Since the device according to the present invention is a fully floating mechanism, the other pair of mechanical levers and the transmission mechanism are closed in relation to mechanical levers that have stopped moving until both pairs of mechanical levers touch the wheels of the car and the latter are raised above the ground by the action of the rollers 13 on mechanical levers 12. Since mechanical levers are completely floating relative to a longitudinally moving carriage, the claimed device can automatically recognize and grab the wheels of the car if the latter are located within the stroke of the unfolded mechanical levers. Cars with a wheelbase from 2200 mm to 3100 mm and with a ground clearance of more than 100 mm can be captured by the claimed device.
The gear mechanism 18 for mechanical levers, in addition, is equipped with at least four locking and pushing rods 17 for the locking paws. Each sliding panel 20 has two symmetrical locking legs under it. When the mechanical levers 12 grab the wheels of the car, these locking and pushing rods 17 push the locking legs 21 all the way to the two longitudinal beams of the lower frame 3, achieving a reliable locking state in two directions. At this time, the mechanical manipulators move from the floating state relative to the lower frame to the locking state, so that the longitudinally moving carriage and the car are in stationary engagement with each other and can move together. Thanks to this, it is possible to carry out stable and reliable transportation.
The mechanical levers 12, in addition, are provided in their knee portion with articulated fingers 14, on which the outer ends of the mechanical levers 12 can be rotated upward. So, when folding the mechanical levers, their outer ends can be lifted up due to the groups of 11 supporting wheels of the rotary levers provided on the outer sides of the longitudinal beams of the lower frame, as shown in Fig.7. Thus, the outer ends of the mechanical levers rise from the ground to avoid friction.
Although the description relates to a better embodiment of an ultrathin parking and access device with fully floating mechanical manipulators according to the invention, it cannot be considered limiting of the present invention. It will be apparent to those skilled in the art that various equivalent features, changes, and modifications may be made to the present invention that do not alter its essence.

Claims (6)

1. Ultra-thin device for parking and access with fully floating mechanical manipulators, containing a longitudinally moving carriage, characterized in that:
said longitudinally moving carriage on each side thereof is provided with symmetrical fully floating mechanical manipulators;
said longitudinally moving carriage consists of a lower frame, a drive motor for the running gear, a drive wheel that supports the lower frame, a drive shaft for the drive wheel and a drive gear for the drive wheel, said lower frame being provided with said drive motors on each side thereof, and said drive motors drive said drive wheels through said drive shaft and said drive gear;
said fully floating mechanical manipulator consists of a mechanical lever, a transmission mechanism of a mechanical lever, a sliding panel for pushing the mechanical manipulators, a straight guide rail on the inside of the longitudinal beam of said lower frame and a guide groove for the rotary lever on the outside of the longitudinal beam of said lower frame;
four symmetrically located mechanical levers and two sliding panels are provided on each side of the line passing through the midpoints of the longitudinal beams of said lower frame, each of said sliding panels being connected on each side to a mechanical lever through a finger shaft;
said two sliding panels on one side are slidingly engaged with said lower frame via a straight guide rail; these two sliding panels have a transmission mechanism between them for a mechanical lever;
said transmission mechanism for a mechanical lever that slides in contact with said lower frame through said straight guide rail, communicates translational motion to two sliding panels on one side through a levorating ball screw and a dextrorotating ball screw, respectively;
each mechanical lever is provided with at least three rollers that rotate freely; said rollers raise the wheels of the car above the ground when mechanical levers lock and clamp the wheels of the car;
each mechanical lever is equipped with intermediate wheels in the knee part at its inner end; said intermediate wheels move along the curves of the guide grooves for the pivot arms, and said sliding panels drive said mechanical arms.
2. The ultra-thin device for parking and access with fully floating mechanical manipulators according to claim 1, characterized in that
said transmission mechanism provided with at least four locking and pushing rods for locking paws; each sliding panel has two symmetrical locking legs under it;
and in the case when the mechanical levers capture the wheels of the car, the locking and pushing levers push the locking paws all the way to the two longitudinal beams of the said lower frame, achieving a reliable state of locking in two directions.
3. The ultra-thin device for parking and access with fully floating mechanical manipulators according to claim 1, characterized in that
said mechanical lever is provided with an articulated finger in its knee portion; said longitudinal beam of said lower part provided on its outer side with support wheel groups for pivoting levers; and the outer end of said mechanical lever is capable of rising on a pivot pin under the action of said groups of support wheels of pivoting levers.
4. Ultra-thin device for parking and access with fully
floating mechanical manipulators according to claim 1, characterized in that
two longitudinal beams of said lower frame in their middle part are provided with four drive wheels.
5. The ultra-thin device for parking and access with fully floating mechanical manipulators according to claim 1 or 4, characterized in that
said lower frame at each end thereof is provided with two horizontal guide wheels; and a horizontal guide rail that contacts the horizontal guide wheels is provided on the conveyor and on the ground of the parking lot.
6. The ultra-thin device for parking and access with fully floating mechanical manipulators according to claim 1, characterized in that
the distance between the axes of the two corresponding mechanical levers before the grip is from 2200 mm to 3100 mm.
RU2010136844/03A 2008-12-08 2009-12-08 Superthin device for parking and access to vehicle with fully floating mechanical handlers RU2465424C2 (en)

Priority Applications (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN200810162661.9 2008-12-08
CN 200810162661 CN101476402B (en) 2008-12-08 2008-12-08 Ultra-thin full-floating vehicle-taking apparatus by manipulator

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RU2010136844A RU2010136844A (en) 2012-03-10
RU2465424C2 true RU2465424C2 (en) 2012-10-27

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CN (1) CN101476402B (en)
DE (1) DE112009000747T5 (en)
RU (1) RU2465424C2 (en)
WO (1) WO2010066101A1 (en)

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WO2010066101A1 (en) 2010-06-17
CN101476402B (en) 2012-07-25

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