CN106401236A - Hydraulic transmission hold-clamping and tyre push-lifting integrated automobile intelligent carrier - Google Patents

Hydraulic transmission hold-clamping and tyre push-lifting integrated automobile intelligent carrier Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106401236A
CN106401236A CN201610213015.5A CN201610213015A CN106401236A CN 106401236 A CN106401236 A CN 106401236A CN 201610213015 A CN201610213015 A CN 201610213015A CN 106401236 A CN106401236 A CN 106401236A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
slide
slide plate
arm
line slideway
chassis
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201610213015.5A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
侯秀峰
付亨顺
邱永胜
于国涛
于承三
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Sky Shandong Occasion Intelligent Parking Equipment Co Ltd
Original Assignee
Sky Shandong Occasion Intelligent Parking Equipment Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Sky Shandong Occasion Intelligent Parking Equipment Co Ltd filed Critical Sky Shandong Occasion Intelligent Parking Equipment Co Ltd
Priority to CN201610213015.5A priority Critical patent/CN106401236A/en
Publication of CN106401236A publication Critical patent/CN106401236A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04HBUILDINGS OR LIKE STRUCTURES FOR PARTICULAR PURPOSES; SWIMMING OR SPLASH BATHS OR POOLS; MASTS; FENCING; TENTS OR CANOPIES, IN GENERAL
    • E04H6/00Buildings for parking cars, rolling stock, aircraft, vessels or like vehicles, e.g. garages
    • E04H6/08Garages for many vehicles
    • E04H6/12Garages for many vehicles with mechanical means for shifting or lifting vehicles
    • E04H6/18Garages for many vehicles with mechanical means for shifting or lifting vehicles with means for transport in vertical direction only or independently in vertical and horizontal directions
    • E04H6/182Garages for many vehicles with mechanical means for shifting or lifting vehicles with means for transport in vertical direction only or independently in vertical and horizontal directions using car-gripping transfer means

Abstract

The invention discloses a hydraulic transmission hold-clamping and tyre push-lifting integrated automobile intelligent carrier. A traveling mechanism is arranged on a chassis, the front end of the chassis is provided with a clamping mechanism, and the rear end of the chassis is provided with a push-lifting mechanism. The clamping mechanism comprises first slide plates movably connected with clamping arms, and a driving mechanism of the first slide plates. Guide groove plates are fixed to the chassis. The linear motion of the slide plates forces the clamping arms to do rotary swing and linear actions under guiding of L-shaped guide grooves through mutual acting and matching of the slide plates, the L-shaped guide grooves in the guide groove plates and the clamping arms, and after rotary unfolding and folding actions of the clamping arms are achieved, parallel tyre holding and automobile carrying are achieved by working arms through linear motion. The push-lifting mechanism comprises second slide plates and a driving mechanism of the second slide plates, wherein the second slide plates are movably connected with push-lifting arms; the structure of the push-lifting arms is similar to that of the clamping arms; and the push-lifting arms gradually lift and jack up rear tyres when moving backwards. The structure is simple, and the reliability is high. The clamping arms push and clamp the tyres oppositely and parallelly, so that an automobile is not damaged.

Description

Hydraulic drive is embraced folder and is raised tire integral automobile intelligent carrier
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of automobile carrier, specifically a kind of tire clamping type automobile carrier being applied to intelligent three-dimensional garage Transport Vehicle, belong to three-dimensional parking device technical field.
Background technology
Development with auto industry and the raising of living standards of the people, the popularization of automobile is more and more extensive, automobile occupancy volume is continuously increased per capita in city, and still increased with annual 20% to 30% speed, the problem of parking of automobile is also more and more prominent, due to the limited space of urban ground, build multi-storied garage and just become an important method solving parking difficulty.For the vehicle carrier of three-dimensional parking device, mainly there are vehicle-containing type, interdigitated electrode structure and clamping tyre type at present.
Clamping tyre type carrier can directly pierce below vehicle, picked up vehicle tyre using clamping limb, vehicle is delivered on parking stall;Due to it also can direct carrying vehicle, so efficiency high, speed are fast, be more satisfactory carrier in storage type parking equipment.By the designs such as Wang Jun, Guan Hu, Patent No. 200820094641.8, entitled multi-storied garage intelligent carrier utility model patent as disclosed in State Intellectual Property Office was in 6 days Mays in 2009, this carrier includes two vehicle bodies being connected by a connecting rod, setting walking mechanism, positioner at least one vehicle body, two vehicle bodies are respectively provided with least two rushing board mechanisms;The action control mechanism that rushing board mechanism is provided with the controlled motor controlling its motion and controls rushing board mechanism movement in the presence of this controlled motor;Controlled motor is arranged in action control mechanism;Rushing board mechanism includes being arranged on the spinning movement mechanism of the rotatable clamping bar, the motor of this clamping bar and clamping bar at two ends;Rotatable clamping bar connects its spinning movement mechanism, and motor is arranged in spinning movement mechanism.Because its spinning movement mechanism is made up of leading screw, nut, tooth bar and first gear, the motor of clamping bar is set in one end of leading screw, motor drives leading screw to rotate, nut linear motion, leading screw, the motion of nut band carry-over bar, rack drives first gear rotates, and first gear drives clamping bar action.Spinning movement mechanism also includes a second gear, and this second gear is engaged with described first gear, common drive clamping bar action.Its shortcoming one is that complex structure, transmission are many, and two is the wider width of tooth bar, and such as no guide rail constrains it may appear that tooth bar swings up and down, and causes to be driven unstable, increasing guide rail then makes structure more complicated.In addition, technique scheme needs two vehicle bodies, two vehicle bodies are cascaded by connecting rod, and two vehicle bodies are respectively provided with rushing board mechanism, be each responsible for vehicle front tire and the folder of embracing of rear tyre is carried.Due to the difference of vehicle wheel base to be handled, the vehicle body of responsible trailing wheel first need to find rear tyre accurately, then is positioned, and Cai Nengshi action control mechanism drives clamping bar action afterwards, vehicle is implemented embrace folder, lifting, the access time is longer, reduces Transport Vehicle efficiency.
For another example State Intellectual Property Office in disclosed in 29 days January in 2014 by Tang Zhenyu, Wang Ping, Xiao Hui design, Application No. 201310450145.7, the application for a patent for invention of entitled multi-storied garage intelligent lifting transport device, this carrier includes the carrying frame containing two longerons and at least one rebound being vertically moved by this two longeron of power set drives edge, it is separately installed with a guide holder on the downside of each rebound two ends, the each guide holder outer end away from longeron side be installed with one clasp vehicle tyre clasp bar, described rebound clasps bar along longeron lengthwise movement by driving guide holder to vertically move to drive, this guide holder the inner that described rebound passes through to drive guide holder lifting to stop close longeron side vertically moves and so that its outer end is rotated, guide holder outer end rotarily drives clasps bar rotation.Its shortcoming one is that part is many, complex structure;Two is to clasp bar running track complexity, and is distributed on multiple parts, and difficulty of processing is big, and installation requirement is high;Three is that to clasp between bar and automobile tire be sliding friction, so can increase tire wear, reduce Life of Tyre.
Content of the invention
Present invention aims in place of the deficiencies in the prior art, provide that a kind of structure is simple, easy for installation, low cost, reliability height, good integrity, Transport Vehicle efficiency high and the hydraulic drive to vehicle and nondestructive tire evil are embraced folder and raised tire integral automobile intelligent carrier.
The present invention be employed technical scheme comprise that for achieving the above object:
A kind of hydraulic drive embrace folder and raise tire integral automobile intelligent carrier, includings one chassis, on chassis arrange walking mechanism it is characterised in that:The front end setting on described chassis includes the clamping device of clamping limb, rear end setting include raise arm raise mechanism.
In the present invention, described clamping device includes the first slide plate being slidably connected on chassis and the first sled drive mechanism, and described clamping limb is movably connected on the first slide plate;Described raises the second slide plate and the second sled drive mechanism that mechanism includes being slidably connected on chassis, and the described arm that raises is movably connected on the second slide plate.
Further, described chassis includes base plate and left frame, left frame;
The first described sled drive mechanism includes:
Front hydraulic cylinder A and front hydraulic cylinder B, is mounted on base plate, positioned at the front end on chassis;
Front left line slideway, front right line slideway, it is installed on base plate, be located at the left and right sides of chassis front end respectively;
The first described slide plate includes:
Left front slide plate, left back slide plate, can slide along front left line slideway;
Right front slide, right tail skid, can slide along front right line slideway;
Front slide connecting plate, left front slide plate, right front slide are interconnected, and bottom is connected with the push-pull bar of front hydraulic cylinder A;
Tail skid connecting plate, left back slide plate, right tail skid are interconnected, and bottom is connected with the push-pull bar of front hydraulic cylinder B;
Described clamping limb is movably connected with left front slide plate, right front slide, left back slide plate, right tail skid;Chassis is provided with clamping limb driving means;
The second described sled drive mechanism includes:
Hydraulic cylinder afterwards, is installed on base plate, positioned at the rear end on chassis;
Rear left line slideway, rear right line slideway, it is installed on base plate, be located at the left and right sides of the extreme end of chassis respectively;
The second described slide plate includes:
Left skateboard, can slide along rear left line slideway;
Right slide plate, can slide along rear right line slideway;
Slide plate connecting plate, left skateboard, right slide plate is interconnected, bottom is connected with the push-pull bar of rear hydraulic cylinder;
It is movably connected with left skateboard, right slide plate and described raise arm;Chassis is provided with and raises arm driving means.
Further, described clamping limb shape is in " L " square, and one of right-angle side is working arm A, and another right-angle side is leading arm A;It is respectively equipped with hinge A, clamping limb is hinged with described hinge A in the position of intersecting point of its working arm A and leading arm A on described left front slide plate, right front slide, left back slide plate, right tail skid;
Described clamping limb driving means include:
The short frid of left guiding, the short frid of right guiding, the short frid of left guiding is fixed between the left frame on chassis and base plate, and the short frid of right guiding is fixed between the left frame on chassis and base plate;Left front slide plate, left back slide plate, front left line slideway are located between the short frid of left guiding and base plate;Right front slide, right tail skid, front right line slideway are located between the short frid of right guiding and base plate;It is respectively provided with a pair corresponding gathering sill on the short frid of left guiding, the short frid of right guiding;
Lead A, is connected to one end away from working arm A and the intersection point of leading arm A on described leading arm A, the diameter parallel of axis and described hinge A, lead A can slide along gathering sill.
Further, described gathering sill is in " L " square, one of right-angle side is the first linear chute A paralleled with front left line slideway, front right line slideway, another right-angle side is the linear second chute A perpendicular with front left line slideway, front right line slideway, is one section of arc-shaped curve chute A between the first chute A and the second chute A;Left front slide plate is driven by front hydraulic cylinder A, left back slide plate is driven and can be done fore-and-aft direction linear motion along front left line slideway by front hydraulic cylinder B, right front slide is driven by front hydraulic cylinder A, right tail skid is driven and can be done fore-and-aft direction linear motion along front right line slideway by front hydraulic cylinder B, and then drive clamping limb while following left front slide plate, right front slide, left back slide plate, right tail skid do fore-and-aft direction linear motion, edge the first chute A, the second chute A and curve chute A slide.
In the present invention, the described arm shape that raises is in " L " square, and one of right-angle side is working arm B, and another right-angle side is leading arm B;It is respectively equipped with hinge B, the position of intersecting point raising arm in its working arm B and leading arm B is hinged with described hinge B on described left skateboard, right slide plate;
The described arm driving means that raise include:
Left guiding long frid, right guiding long frid, left guiding long frid is fixed between the left frame on chassis and base plate, and right guiding long frid is fixed between the left frame on chassis and base plate;Left skateboard, rear left line slideway are located between left guiding long frid and base plate;Right slide plate, rear right line slideway are located between right guiding long frid and base plate;It is respectively equipped with guiding elongated slot in left guiding long frid, right guiding long frid;
Lead B, is connected to one end away from working arm B and the intersection point of leading arm B on described leading arm B, the diameter parallel of axis and described hinge B, lead B can slide along guiding elongated slot.
Further, described guiding elongated slot is in " L " square, one of right-angle side is the first linear chute B paralleled with rear left line slideway, rear right line slideway, another right-angle side is the linear second chute B perpendicular with rear left line slideway, rear right line slideway, is one section of arc-shaped curve chute B between the first chute B and the second chute B;Left skateboard does fore-and-aft direction linear motion along rear left line slideway in the presence of raising the rear hydraulic cylinder of mechanism, right slide plate does fore-and-aft direction linear motion along rear right line slideway in the presence of raising the rear hydraulic cylinder of mechanism, and then drive raises arm while following left skateboard, right slide plate does fore-and-aft direction linear motion, edge the first chute B, the second chute B and curve chute B slide.
In the present invention, on the working arm A of described clamping limb be accessed the position that vehicle contacts and be rotatably connected to single roller.The working arm A of two clamping limbs before and after tire clamping with unclamp tire during be parallel, and between working arm A and tire be rolling friction, tire is not almost damaged.
In the present invention, on the described working arm B raising arm be accessed the position that vehicle tyre contacts and be rotatably connected to two-row roller.Tire, when implementing parallel propulsion backward, is gradually held up by the working arm B raising arm by the rolling of two-row roller thereon, and is rolling friction between working arm B and tire, and tire is not almost damaged.
In order to reduce lead A, the lead B resistance to sliding in gathering sill, guiding elongated slot, lead A of the present invention, lead B are respectively arranged with rolling bearing B.
Beneficial effects of the present invention:
1st, by embrace folder vehicle front a clamping device, raise automobile back wheel raise mechanism's concentrated setting on an overall intelligence carrier, good integrity, structure is simple, compact;During access vehicle, first on the basis of the front tyre that the working arm A of clamping device embraces folder automobile, meanwhile, the working arm B raising mechanism is quickly extanded rearward near trailing wheel, then rear tyre is raised liftoff, not only adapt to the vehicle of different wheelbases, be greatly reduced the early-stage preparations time, improve Transport Vehicle efficiency.
2nd, it is changed to the monoblock type carrier of a vehicle body by two original vehicle body teamworks, reduce electrical equipment control cost and control difficulty.
3rd, slide plate and " L " shape gathering sill and clamping limb are passed through(Or raise arm)Interaction between three and cooperation, the linear motion of slide plate forces clamping limb under the guiding of " L " shape gathering sill, raises arm and first do swing and do linearly operating again;One is the working arm A realizing clamping limb, the rotary expansion of working arm B raising arm and gathering, and two is with move along a straight line the working arm A realizing clamping limb and the working arm B raising arm, parallel armful of automobile tire to be pressed from both sides or raise;Three be due to the rotation of working arm and parallel clamping/raise tire combination of actions together, not only save accordingly specially driving power, and simplify system structure, decrease the trouble point of intelligent carrier, improve system reliability;
4th, during Transport Vehicle, in front and back two clamping limbs or raise arm parallel propulsion embrace folder, raise tire, only have radial force to tire, no other component, harmless to vehicle.
Brief description
Fig. 1 is the present invention in clamping limb, the structural representation raising under arm rotation collapsed state.
Fig. 2 is the structural representation of the present invention.
Fig. 3 is the structural representation of the present invention(Remove the short frid of left guiding, the short frid of right guiding, left guiding long frid, after right guiding long frid).
Fig. 4 is the schematic diagram on chassis in the present invention.
Fig. 5 is front slide connecting plate and left front slide plate, the connection diagram of right front slide in the present invention.
Fig. 6 is tail skid connecting plate and left back slide plate, the connection diagram of right tail skid in the present invention.
Fig. 7 is the schematic diagram of clamping limb in the present invention.
Fig. 8 is the left schematic diagram guiding short frid in the present invention.
Fig. 9 is the right schematic diagram guiding short frid in the present invention.
Figure 10 is middle slide plate connecting plate of the present invention and left skateboard, the connection diagram of right slide plate.
Figure 11 is the schematic diagram raising arm in the present invention.
Figure 12 is the schematic diagram of left guiding long frid in the present invention.
Figure 13 is the schematic diagram of right guiding long frid in the present invention.
Figure 14 is the schematic diagram that in the present invention, carrier is in car state to be accessed after running to bottom of car.
Figure 15 is clamping limb in the present invention, raises arm expansion and the view near automobile tire.
Figure 16 is carrier clamping limb in the present invention, raise arm implements to embrace folder to vehicle tyre, raises the schematic diagram of state.
Figure 17 is the view that in embodiment pick-up process, carrier working arm gradually spreads out each stage.
In figure:1- chassis, 2- left guiding long frid,
4- raises arm, 41- working arm B, 42- leading arm B, 43- lead B, 44- two-row roller, 45- rolling bearing B,
5- slide plate connecting plate, 6- passive walking wheel,
7- clamping limb, 71- working arm A, 72- leading arm A, the single roller of 73-lead A, 74-, 75- rolling bearing A,
8- gathering sill, 81- the first chute A, 82- the second chute A, 83- curve chute A,
The 9- short frid of left guiding, hydraulic cylinder A before 10-, 11- front slide connecting plate, 12- movable motor, 13- positive transport wheel, the 14- short frid of right guiding, 15- tail skid connecting plate, hydraulic cylinder B before 16-, 17- right guiding long frid,
18- guiding elongated slot, 181- the first chute B, 182- the second chute B, 183- curve chute B,
Hydraulic cylinder after 19-, 20- directive wheel, 21- rear left line slideway, 22- left skateboard, the left back slide plate of 23-, 24- front left line slideway, the left front slide plate of 25-, the right front slide of 26-, 27- front right line slideway, the right tail skid of 28-, the right slide plate of 29- hinge A, 30-, 31- hinge B, 32- rear right line slideway, 33- base plate, 34- frame.
Specific embodiment
Below by the embodiment of indefiniteness and combine accompanying drawing the present invention is described further.
Refer to Fig. 1 to Fig. 3, as illustrated, the present embodiment discloses a kind of hydraulic drive and embracing folder and raise tire integral automobile intelligent carrier, this carrier includes a chassis 1, and chassis 1 is provided with walking mechanism and positioner;It is provided with 12,2 positive transport wheels 13 of 1 movable motor and 4 passive walking wheels 6 in walking mechanism, chain is driven by movable motor 12 and then drives 2 positive transport wheels 13, walking mechanism drives carrier mass motion by movable motor 12.Chassis 1 is provided with four corners that 20,4 directive wheels 20 of directive wheel are symmetrically distributed in chassis on left frame, left frame, rolls guiding carrier along walking track side surfaces and moves forward and backward, it is to avoid it glances off so that carrier even running.Described positioner is used for completing the positioning of chassis 1 and vehicle.Said structure is prior art, seldom repeats.
The front end setting on chassis 1 includes the clamping device of clamping limb, rear end setting include raise arm raise mechanism.
Clamping device includes being slidably connected to the One On The Chassis a pair first slide plates and the first sled drive mechanism, and clamping limb 7 is movably connected on the first slide plate;Raise the second slide plate and the second sled drive mechanism that mechanism includes being slidably connected on chassis, raise arm 4 and be movably connected on the second slide plate.
Chassis 1 includes the frame 34 of base plate 33 and surrounding, and frame 34 is made up of left frame, left frame, front bezel, rear frame;
First sled drive mechanism includes:
Front hydraulic cylinder A10 and front hydraulic cylinder B16, is mounted on base plate 33, positioned at the front end on chassis 1;
Front left line slideway 24, front right line slideway 27, it is installed on base plate 33, be located at the left and right sides of chassis 1 front end respectively;
The first described slide plate includes:
Left front slide plate 25, left back slide plate 23, can slide along front left line slideway 24;
Right front slide 26, right tail skid 28, can slide along front right line slideway 27;
Front slide connecting plate 11, left front slide plate 25, right front slide 26 are interconnected, and bottom is connected with the push-pull bar of front hydraulic cylinder A10;
Tail skid connecting plate 15, left back slide plate 23, right tail skid 28 are interconnected, and bottom is connected with the push-pull bar of front hydraulic cylinder B16;
Described clamping limb 7 is movably connected with left front slide plate 25, right front slide 26, left back slide plate 23, right tail skid 28;Chassis 1 is provided with clamping limb driving means;
Front slide connecting plate 11, left front slide plate 25, right front slide 26 are interconnected, and bottom is connected with the push-pull bar of front hydraulic cylinder A10;
The push-pull bar of front hydraulic cylinder A10 is connected with front slide connecting plate 11, drives left front slide plate 25, right front slide 26 mobile by front slide connecting plate 11;
Meanwhile, the push-pull bar of front hydraulic cylinder B16 is connected with tail skid connecting plate 15, drives left front slide plate 25, right front slide 26 opposite direction to move by tail skid connecting plate 15.
The second described sled drive mechanism includes:
Hydraulic cylinder 19 afterwards, are installed on base plate 33, positioned at the rear end on chassis 1;
Rear left line slideway 21, rear right line slideway 32, it is installed on base plate 33, be located at the left and right sides of chassis 1 rear end respectively;
The second described slide plate includes:
Left skateboard 22, can slide along rear left line slideway 21;
Right slide plate 30, can slide along rear right line slideway 32;
Slide plate connecting plate 5, left skateboard 22, right slide plate 30 are interconnected, and bottom is connected with the push-pull bar of rear hydraulic cylinder 19;
It is movably connected with left skateboard 22, right slide plate 30 and described raise arm 4;Chassis 1 is provided with and raises arm driving means.
Hydraulic cylinder 19 drives push-pull bar to move along a straight line afterwards, drives left skateboard 22, right slide plate 30 mobile by slide plate connecting plate 5.
Clamping limb 7 shape is in " L " square, and one of right-angle side is working arm A71, and another right-angle side is leading arm A72;It is respectively equipped with hinge A29, clamping limb is hinged with described hinge A29 in the position of intersecting point of its working arm A71 and leading arm A72 on described left front slide plate 25, right front slide 26, left back slide plate 23, right tail skid 28;
Clamping limb driving means include:
The short frid 9 of left guiding, the short frid 14 of right guiding, a left side guiding short frid 9 is fixed on the left frame on chassis 1, another side is fixed on base plate 33 by support, and a right side guiding short frid 14 is fixed on the left frame on chassis 1, and another side is fixed on base plate 33 by support;Left front slide plate 25, left back slide plate 23, front left line slideway 24 are located between the short frid 9 of left guiding and base plate 33;Right front slide 26, right tail skid 28, front right line slideway 27 are located between the short frid 14 of right guiding and base plate 33;It is respectively equipped with gathering sill 8 on the short frid 9 of left guiding, the short frid 14 of right guiding;
Lead A73, is connected to one end away from working arm A71 and the intersection point of leading arm A72 on described leading arm A72, the diameter parallel of axis and described hinge A29, lead A73 can slide along gathering sill 8.Equipped with rolling bearing A75 on lead A73;
Described gathering sill 8 is in " L " square, one of right-angle side is the first linear chute A81 paralleled with front left line slideway 24, front right line slideway 27, another right-angle side is the linear second chute A82 perpendicular with front left line slideway 24, front right line slideway 27, is one section of arc-shaped curve chute A83 between the first chute A81 and the second chute A82;Left front slide plate 25 is driven by front hydraulic cylinder A10, left back slide plate 23 is driven and can be done fore-and-aft direction linear motion along front left line slideway 24 by front hydraulic cylinder B16, right front slide 26 is driven by front hydraulic cylinder A10, right tail skid 28 is driven and can be done fore-and-aft direction linear motion along front right line slideway 27 by front hydraulic cylinder B16, and then drive clamping limb 7 thereon respectively while following left front slide plate 25, right front slide 26, left back slide plate 23, right tail skid 28 do fore-and-aft direction linear motion, edge the first chute A81, the second chute A82 and curve chute A83 slide.
Raising arm 4 shape is in " L " square, and one of right-angle side is working arm B41, and another right-angle side is leading arm B42;It is respectively equipped with hinge B31, the position of intersecting point raising arm 4 in its working arm B41 and leading arm B42 is hinged with described hinge B31 on described left skateboard 22, right slide plate 30;
The described arm driving means that raise include:
Left guiding long frid 2, right guiding long frid 17, one side of left guiding long frid 2 is fixed on the left frame on chassis 1, another side is fixed on base plate 33 by support, and a side of right guiding long frid 17 is fixed on the left frame on chassis 1, and another side is fixed on base plate 33 by support;Left skateboard 22, rear left line slideway 21 are located between left guiding long frid 2 and base plate 33;Right slide plate 30, rear right line slideway 32 are located between right guiding long frid 17 and base plate 1;It is respectively equipped with guiding elongated slot 18 in left guiding long frid 2, right guiding long frid 17;
Lead B43, is connected to one end away from working arm B41 and the intersection point of leading arm B42 on described leading arm B42, the diameter parallel of axis and described hinge B31, lead B43 can slide along guiding elongated slot 18.Equipped with rolling bearing B45 on lead B 43;
Guiding elongated slot 18 is in " L " square, one of right-angle side is the first linear chute B181 paralleled with rear left line slideway 21, rear right line slideway 32, another right-angle side is the linear second chute B182 perpendicular with rear left line slideway 21, rear right line slideway 32, is one section of arc-shaped curve chute B183 between the first chute B181 and the second chute B182;Left skateboard 22 does fore-and-aft direction linear motion along rear left line slideway 21 in the presence of raising the rear hydraulic cylinder 19 of mechanism, right slide plate 30 does fore-and-aft direction linear motion along rear right line slideway 32 in the presence of raising the rear hydraulic cylinder 19 of mechanism, and then drive respectively thereon raise arm 4 while following left skateboard 22, right slide plate 30 does fore-and-aft direction linear motion, edge the first chute B181, the second chute B182 and curve chute B183 slide.
In the present embodiment, comprise 4 clamping limbs 7,2 in chassis 1 and raise arm 4, clamping limb 7, the arrangement raising arm 4 are symmetrical mode.
In addition, in order to avoid the excessive friction between clamping limb 7 and tire, the position that the working arm A71 of clamping limb 7 is contacted with the tire being accessed vehicle is rotatably connected to single roller 74.Tire is made to be in relatively uniform rolling condition and single roller 74 between in radially squeezed liter or during declining.
Equally, in order to avoid raising the excessive friction between arm 4 and tire, the position being contacted with the tire being accessed vehicle is raised on the working arm B41 of arm 4 and is rotatably connected to two-row roller 44.Tire is made to be in relatively uniform rolling condition and two-row roller 44 between during radial direction is raised or declines.
The operation principle of the present invention introduced below and flow process.
Referring to Figure 15, during embracing clip wheel tire, clamping limb 7 has two superimposed motion processes:
One motor process is linear motion, and a motor process is rotary motion, two motor process actions simultaneously, and is all to be moved as power source by sled drive mechanism, and is guided by gathering sill 8.Taking a pair of clamping limb 7 of chassis 1 upper left side as a example, because clamping limb 7 is positioned at left front slide plate 25 by hinge A29, on left back slide plate 23, left front slide plate 25, left back slide plate 23 drives clamping limb 7 thereon to move respectively simultaneously when moving towards, again because the lead A73 of the leading arm A72 end of clamping limb 7 can only slide in the left gathering sill 8 guiding short frid 9, when sled drive mechanism promotes clamping limb 7 to move along a straight line, lead A73 slides first in the second chute A82 of gathering sill 8, clamping limb 7 is forced to rotate around hinge A29, left front slide plate 25, left back slide plate 23 drives the working arm A71 of clamping limb 7 thereon gradually to screw out expansion respectively while moving towards.When clamping limb 7 leading arm A72 end lead A73 when the second chute A82 of gathering sill 8 starts to turn in the first chute A81, clamping limb 7 stops operating, now the working arm A71 of clamping limb 7 and vehicle wheel shaft are in state arranged in parallel, and start to do linear advancement action with the opposite linear slide of left front slide plate 25, left back slide plate 23, make the working arm A71 of clamping limb 7 keep the state parallel with vehicle wheel shaft gradually close and gradually lift vehicle tyre to tire, be more than the motor process of clamping limb 7 during pick-up.
During bicycle parking, left front slide plate 25, left back slide plate 23 reversely do retrogressing and move, drive clamping limb 7 thereon to retreat movement respectively simultaneously, sled drive mechanism promotes clamping limb 7 to do straight line setback, make lead A73 straight line in the first chute A81 of gathering sill 8 retreat first to slide, the clamping limb 7 before and after automobile tire is made to retreat, automobile tire is gradually put into ground.Then, left front slide plate 25, left back slide plate 23 continue to retreat, when clamping limb 7 leading arm A72 end lead A73 when the first chute A81 of gathering sill 8 starts to turn in the second chute A82, straight line setback can not be continued because clamping limb 7 is limited by the second chute A72, second chute A72 forces clamping limb 7 to rotate backward around hinge A29, meanwhile, continuation with left front slide plate 25, left back slide plate 23 retreats, the working arm A71 driving clamping limb 7 thereon gradually withdraws, and presses close to be hidden in outside the frame on chassis 1.
On same chassis 1, the work process of a pair of clamping limb 7 on right side is identical with this, repeats no more.
Raising arm 4 during raising tire also has two superimposed motion processes:
One motor process is linear motion, and a motor process is rotary motion, two motor process actions simultaneously, and is all to be moved as power source by sled drive mechanism, and is guided by guiding elongated slot 18.Due to raising arm 4, left skateboard 22 is positioned at by hinge B 31, on right slide plate 30, left skateboard 22, right slide plate 30 drives the arm 4 that raises thereon to move when mobile respectively simultaneously, again because the lead B43 raising the leading arm B42 end of arm 4 can only be in left guiding long frid 2, slide in the guiding elongated slot 18 of right guiding long frid 17, when sled drive mechanism raises arm 4 and moves along a straight line, lead B43 slides first in the second chute B182 of guiding elongated slot 18, force and raise arm 4 and rotate around hinge B 31, left skateboard 22, right slide plate 30 drives the working arm B41 raising arm 4 thereon gradually to screw out expansion while mobile respectively.When raise the lead B43 of leading arm B42 end of arm 4 guide elongated slot 18 the second chute B182 in turn round slip in the first chute B181 when, raise arm 4 to stop operating, now raising the working arm B41 of arm 4 and vehicle wheel shaft is in state arranged in parallel, and start to do linear advancement action with the linear slide of left skateboard 22, right slide plate 30, make the working arm B41 holding raising arm 4 state parallel with vehicle wheel shaft gradually close to tire, working arm B41 is progressively extended under automobile tire, vehicle tyre is gradually held up, when being more than and picking up the car, raises the motor process of arm 4.
During bicycle parking, left skateboard 22, right slide plate 30 reversely do retrogressing and move, drive the arm 4 that raises thereon to retreat movement respectively simultaneously, sled drive mechanism raises arm 4 and does straight line setback, make lead B43 straight line in the first chute B181 of guiding elongated slot 18 retreat first to slide, make to raise arm 4 and retreat, automobile tire is gradually put into ground.Then, left skateboard 22, right slide plate 30 continue to retreat, when raise the lead B43 of leading arm B42 end of arm 4 from guide elongated slot 18 the first chute B181 start to turn in the second chute B182 when, it is subject to the restriction of the second chute B182 can not continue straight line setback due to raising arm 4, second chute B182 forces and raises arm 4 and rotate backward around hinge B 31, meanwhile, continuation with left skateboard 22, right slide plate 30 retreats, drive the working arm B41 raising arm 4 thereon gradually to withdraw, press close to be hidden in outside the frame on chassis 1.
Intelligent carrier includes picking up the car and two processes of bicycle parking in the course of the work:
During pick-up, intelligent carrier passes through the driving of movable motor 12, run to bottom of car, and by control system control, the tire of intelligent carrier and vehicle to be accessed is positioned by positioner, the push-pull bar of front hydraulic cylinder A10 drives left front slide plate 25, right front slide 26 moves along a straight line, the push-pull bar of front hydraulic cylinder B16 drives left back slide plate 23, right tail skid 28 does opposite linear motion, by the rotation of clamping limb 7, its working arm A71 is gradually spread out, to after be in state arranged in parallel with vehicle wheel shaft, slide plate continues to press on, hereafter, the working arm A71 of clamping limb 7 only does linear advancement, its working arm A71 is made to keep the state parallel with vehicle wheel shaft gradually close and gradually lift the front tyre of vehicle together with the clamping limb 7 on opposite to tire.
Meanwhile, under the promotion of rear hydraulic cylinder 19, left skateboard 22, right slide plate 30 is driven to move along a straight line, by raising the rotation of arm 4, its working arm B41 is gradually spread out, become after state arranged in parallel to vehicle wheel shaft, slide plate continues to press on, hereafter, the working arm B41 raising arm 4 only does linear advancement so as to working arm B41 keeps the state parallel with vehicle wheel shaft gradually close and progressively extend to automobile tire bottom by the rear tyre picking-up of vehicle to tire.
As can be seen here, the front-wheel of automobile was taken in one's arms in the same time by overall carrier, automobile just can be taken away after holding up by trailing wheel.
During bicycle parking, intelligent carrier is driven by movable motor 12, carrier vehicle is to specified location, the push-pull bar of front hydraulic cylinder A10 drives left front slide plate 25, right front slide 26 moves along a straight line, the push-pull bar of front hydraulic cylinder B16 drives left back slide plate 23, right tail skid 28 does reverse linear motion, working arm A71 retreats, automobile tire is gradually put into ground, hereafter, left front slide plate 25, right front slide 26 and left back slide plate 23, right tail skid 28 working arm A71 of driving clamping limb 7 thereon while continuing reverse movement gradually withdraws and presses close to and is hidden in outside the frame on chassis, complete vehicle front deposits process.
Meanwhile, raise mechanism under the promotion of rear hydraulic cylinder 19, left skateboard 22, right slide plate 30 is driven to do reverse linear motion, raise arm 4 to retreat, automobile back wheel tire is gradually put into ground, hereafter, drive the working arm B41 raising arm 4 thereon gradually to withdraw while left skateboard 22, right slide plate 30 continue reverse movement and hide in the both sides of frame 34, complete to deposit process to automobile back wheel.
Before and after overall intelligence carrier is simultaneously by automobile, tire is placed on ground(Or the bicycle parking face of regulation)When, just calculate and complete to deposit process to automobile.
With reference to Fig. 1 and Figure 14 to Figure 17, introduce the workflow that carrier of the present invention is picked up the car:
The first step:As shown in figure 1, carrier is in the state treating work, clamping limb 7, raises arm 4 and all pack up, be in preparation pick-up state.
Second step:As shown in figure 14, carrier first passes through movable motor 12 entirety and runs to vehicle bottom, and by control system control, the tire of intelligent carrier and vehicle to be accessed is positioned by positioner, so that the front tyre of vehicle is located between the clamping limb 7 in front and back of carrier both sides.
3rd step:As shown in figure 15, after the confirmation of intelligent carrier and vehicle front tire relative position, clamping limb 7 and raise arm 4 and launch simultaneously, make working arm A71 and working arm B41 be in parastate with vehicle wheel shaft, and progressively near corresponding tire.
4th step:As shown in figure 16, vehicle front tire is first taken in one's arms by the working arm A71 of the clamping limb 7 before and after front tyre.Then, launched and be moved rearwards by gradually rear tyre being raised picking-up near the working arm B41 raising arm 4 of rear tyre, made vehicle tyre leave ground, vehicle is gradually lifted.
5th step:After vehicle is gradually lifted, in the presence of movable motor 12, drive is accessed vehicle and leaves in situ intelligent carrier, and pick-up process terminates.
It is assumed that vehicle has been on intelligent carrier during bicycle parking, intelligent carrier and vehicle thereon are firstly moved to be intended to parking stall.Front hydraulic cylinder A10 on chassis, front hydraulic cylinder B16, adverse movement when rear hydraulic cylinder 19 does and picks up the car, the working arm A71 of the clamping limb 7 before and after front tyre, raise that the working arm B41 of arm 4 is first parallel respectively to be unclamped tire straight line retreats again, tire is lowered by be put to ground;Then, the working arm A71 of clamping limb 7, the working arm B41 raising arm 4 gradually draw in and are hidden in frame 34 both sides.Finally, carrier is exited from bottom of car by movable motor 12, completes bicycle parking action.
Illustrative embodiments listed above are only for understanding that the present invention is used; it is not the restriction to technical scheme described in the invention; those of ordinary skill about field; on the basis of technical scheme described in claim; multiple changes can also be made or deform, all equivalent changes or deformation all should be covered within the claims of the present invention.

Claims (11)

1. a kind of hydraulic drive embrace folder and raise tire integral automobile intelligent carrier, includings one chassis, on chassis arrange walking mechanism it is characterised in that:The front end setting on described chassis includes the clamping device of clamping limb, rear end setting include raise arm raise mechanism.
2. hydraulic drive according to claim 1 embrace folder and raise tire integral automobile intelligent carrier it is characterised in that:Described clamping device includes the first slide plate being slidably connected on chassis and the first sled drive mechanism, and described clamping limb is movably connected on the first slide plate;Described raises the second slide plate and the second sled drive mechanism that mechanism includes being slidably connected on chassis, and the described arm that raises is movably connected on the second slide plate.
3. hydraulic drive according to claim 2 embrace folder and raise tire integral automobile intelligent carrier it is characterised in that:Described chassis includes base plate and left frame, left frame;
The first described sled drive mechanism includes:
Front hydraulic cylinder A and front hydraulic cylinder B, is mounted on base plate, positioned at the front end on chassis;
Front left line slideway, front right line slideway, it is installed on base plate, be located at the left and right sides of chassis front end respectively;
The first described slide plate includes:
Left front slide plate, left back slide plate, can slide along front left line slideway;
Right front slide, right tail skid, can slide along front right line slideway;
Front slide connecting plate, left front slide plate, right front slide are interconnected, and bottom is connected with the push-pull bar of front hydraulic cylinder A;
Tail skid connecting plate, left back slide plate, right tail skid are interconnected, and bottom is connected with the push-pull bar of front hydraulic cylinder B;
Described clamping limb is movably connected with left front slide plate, right front slide, left back slide plate, right tail skid;Chassis is provided with clamping limb driving means;
The second described sled drive mechanism includes:
Hydraulic cylinder afterwards, is installed on base plate, positioned at the rear end on chassis;
Rear left line slideway, rear right line slideway, it is installed on base plate, be located at the left and right sides of the extreme end of chassis respectively;
The second described slide plate includes:
Left skateboard, can slide along rear left line slideway;
Right slide plate, can slide along rear right line slideway;
Slide plate connecting plate, left skateboard, right slide plate is interconnected, bottom is connected with the push-pull bar of rear hydraulic cylinder;
It is movably connected with left skateboard, right slide plate and described raise arm;Chassis is provided with and raises arm driving means.
4. according to right want the hydraulic drive described in 3 embrace folder and raise tire integral automobile intelligent carrier it is characterised in that:Described clamping limb shape is in " L " square, and one of right-angle side is working arm A, and another right-angle side is leading arm A;It is respectively equipped with hinge A, clamping limb is hinged with described hinge A in the position of intersecting point of its working arm A and leading arm A on described left front slide plate, right front slide, left back slide plate, right tail skid;
Described clamping limb driving means include:
The short frid of left guiding, the short frid of right guiding, the short frid of left guiding is fixed between the left frame on chassis and base plate, and the short frid of right guiding is fixed between the left frame on chassis and base plate;Left front slide plate, left back slide plate, front left line slideway are located between the short frid of left guiding and base plate;Right front slide, right tail skid, front right line slideway are located between the short frid of right guiding and base plate;It is respectively provided with a pair corresponding gathering sill on the short frid of left guiding, the short frid of right guiding;
Lead A, is connected to one end away from working arm A and the intersection point of leading arm A on described leading arm A, the diameter parallel of axis and described hinge A, lead A can slide along gathering sill.
5. hydraulic drive according to claim 4 embrace folder and raise tire integral automobile intelligent carrier it is characterised in that:Described gathering sill is in " L " square, one of right-angle side is the first linear chute A paralleled with front left line slideway, front right line slideway, another right-angle side is the linear second chute A perpendicular with front left line slideway, front right line slideway, is one section of arc-shaped curve chute A between the first chute A and the second chute A;Left front slide plate is driven by front hydraulic cylinder A, left back slide plate is driven and can be done fore-and-aft direction linear motion along front left line slideway by front hydraulic cylinder B, right front slide is driven by front hydraulic cylinder A, right tail skid is driven and can be done fore-and-aft direction linear motion along front right line slideway by front hydraulic cylinder B, and then drive clamping limb while following left front slide plate, right front slide, left back slide plate, right tail skid do fore-and-aft direction linear motion, edge the first chute A, the second chute A and curve chute A slide.
6. according to right want the hydraulic drive described in 3 embrace folder and raise tire integral automobile intelligent carrier it is characterised in that:The described arm shape that raises is in " L " square, and one of right-angle side is working arm B, and another right-angle side is leading arm B;It is respectively equipped with hinge B, the position of intersecting point raising arm in its working arm B and leading arm B is hinged with described hinge B on described left skateboard, right slide plate;
The described arm driving means that raise include:
Left guiding long frid, right guiding long frid, left guiding long frid is fixed between the left frame on chassis and base plate, and right guiding long frid is fixed between the left frame on chassis and base plate;Left skateboard, rear left line slideway are located between left guiding long frid and base plate;Right slide plate, rear right line slideway are located between right guiding long frid and base plate;It is respectively equipped with guiding elongated slot in left guiding long frid, right guiding long frid;
Lead B, is connected to one end away from working arm B and the intersection point of leading arm B on described leading arm B, the diameter parallel of axis and described hinge B, lead B can slide along guiding elongated slot.
7. hydraulic drive according to claim 6 embrace folder and raise tire integral automobile intelligent carrier it is characterised in that:Described guiding elongated slot is in " L " square, one of right-angle side is the first linear chute B paralleled with rear left line slideway, rear right line slideway, another right-angle side is the linear second chute B perpendicular with rear left line slideway, rear right line slideway, is one section of arc-shaped curve chute B between the first chute B and the second chute B;Left skateboard does fore-and-aft direction linear motion along rear left line slideway in the presence of raising the rear hydraulic cylinder of mechanism, right slide plate does fore-and-aft direction linear motion along rear right line slideway in the presence of raising the rear hydraulic cylinder of mechanism, and then drive raises arm while following left skateboard, right slide plate does fore-and-aft direction linear motion, edge the first chute B, the second chute B and curve chute B slide.
8. the hydraulic drive according to claim 4 or 5 embrace folder and raise tire integral automobile intelligent carrier it is characterised in that:On the working arm A of described clamping limb be accessed the position that vehicle tyre contacts and be rotatably connected to single roller.
9. the hydraulic drive according to claim 6 or 7 embrace folder and raise tire integral automobile intelligent carrier it is characterised in that:On the described working arm B raising arm be accessed the position that vehicle tyre contacts and be rotatably connected to two-row roller.
10. the hydraulic drive according to claim 4 or 5 embrace folder and raise tire integral automobile intelligent carrier it is characterised in that:Equipped with rolling bearing A on described lead A.
11. hydraulic drives according to claim 6 or 7 embrace folder and raise tire integral automobile intelligent carrier it is characterised in that:Equipped with rolling bearing B on described lead B.
CN201610213015.5A 2016-04-08 2016-04-08 Hydraulic transmission hold-clamping and tyre push-lifting integrated automobile intelligent carrier Pending CN106401236A (en)

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CN201610213015.5A CN106401236A (en) 2016-04-08 2016-04-08 Hydraulic transmission hold-clamping and tyre push-lifting integrated automobile intelligent carrier

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CN111005605A (en) * 2019-11-22 2020-04-14 安徽春华智能科技有限公司 Lifting structure of planar mobile garage and operation method thereof

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CN2846619Y (en) * 2005-12-06 2006-12-13 北京鑫华源机械制造有限责任公司 Automobile transport device
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Application publication date: 20170215