EP0382649A1 - Boarding for the realisation of swimming pools in particular, and method of manufacturing same - Google Patents

Boarding for the realisation of swimming pools in particular, and method of manufacturing same Download PDF

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Publication number
EP0382649A1
EP0382649A1 EP90420010A EP90420010A EP0382649A1 EP 0382649 A1 EP0382649 A1 EP 0382649A1 EP 90420010 A EP90420010 A EP 90420010A EP 90420010 A EP90420010 A EP 90420010A EP 0382649 A1 EP0382649 A1 EP 0382649A1
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EP
European Patent Office
Prior art keywords
panel
reinforcing
vertical
assembly
wings
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Granted
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EP90420010A
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German (de)
French (fr)
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EP0382649B1 (en
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Jean Louis Desjoyaux
Pierre Louis Desjoyaux
épouse Jandros Catherine Desjoyaux
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Piscines Desjoyaux SA
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Piscines Desjoyaux SA
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Priority to FR8900722A priority patent/FR2641811B1/en
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Publication of EP0382649A1 publication Critical patent/EP0382649A1/en
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04HBUILDINGS OR LIKE STRUCTURES FOR PARTICULAR PURPOSES; SWIMMING OR SPLASH BATHS OR POOLS; MASTS; FENCING; TENTS OR CANOPIES, IN GENERAL
    • E04H4/00Swimming or splash baths or pools
    • E04H4/0075Swimming or splash baths or pools made of concrete
    • E04H4/0081Swimming or splash baths or pools made of concrete with walls and floor cast in situ

Abstract

The panel is noteworthy in that it is constituted by a prefabricated structure (1) made of reinforced polymer-concrete, one of the faces of the panel receiving over its entire height at least one reinforcement element (E). …<IMAGE>…

Description

  • L'invention se rattache au secteur technique des éléments de construction.The invention relates to the technical sector of construction elements.
  • Généralement, on distingue deux grands modes de réalisation de piscines. Suivant un premier mode d'exécution, on procède d'une manière traditionnelle en coulant du béton dans des coffrages pour réaliser les murs de la piscine. Après solidification du béton, les coffrages sont retirés. Cette façon de procéder est relativement lourde et onéreuse. Après décoffrage, il est en outre nécessaire d'habiller l'intérieur de la piscine au moyen de carrelage par exemple.Generally, there are two main embodiments of swimming pools. According to a first embodiment, we proceed in a traditional way by pouring concrete into formwork to make the walls of the pool. After the concrete has solidified, the forms are removed. This procedure is relatively cumbersome and expensive. After formwork stripping, it is also necessary to cover the interior of the pool with tiles, for example.
  • Dans l'autre mode d'exécution, on utilise des panneaux préfabriqués en polyester. Si cette construction est plus simple, elle est relativement onéreuse. Des problèmes de résistance peuvent aussi apparaître.In the other embodiment, prefabricated polyester panels are used. If this construction is simpler, it is relatively expensive. Resistance problems may also appear.
  • Pour remédier à ces inconvénients, on a proposé des panneaux qui font office de coffrage perdu. On peut citer par exemple le Brevet français 81.24031 dont les demandeurs de la présente sont également titulaires. Cependant, compte tenu de leur conception, ce type de panneaux ne peut être réalisé d'une manière industrielle, d'où, là encore, des coûts de fabrication relativement importants. Des problèmes peuvent également apparaître au niveau du stockage et du transport des panneaux.To overcome these drawbacks, panels have been proposed which act as lost formwork. We can cite for example the French patent 81.24031 which the applicants of the present also hold. However, given their design, this type of panel cannot be produced in an industrial manner, hence, here again, relatively high manufacturing costs. Problems may also arise in the storage and transport of the panels.
  • L'invention s'est fixée pour but de remédier à ces inconvénients d'une manière simple et efficace.The object of the invention is to remedy these drawbacks in a simple and effective manner.
  • Pour résoudre le problème posé d'avoir un panneau susceptible d'être réalisé industriellement, en ayant en outre une très grande rigidité, chacun desdits panneaux destinés à réaliser la piscine, est constitué par une structure préfabriquée en béton de résine armé, l'une des faces du panneau recevant sur la totalité de sa hauteur au moins un élément de renforcement agencé pour être rapporté et fixé sur la face correspondante de la structure, en étant conformé en section pour recevoir sur la totalité de sa hauteur du béton en communication avec un chainage, que présente un rebord équerré (2d) formé à la partie supérieur dudit élément.To solve the problem posed of having a panel capable of being produced industrially, while also having very high rigidity, each of said panels intended for producing the swimming pool, is constituted by a prefabricated structure of reinforced resin concrete, one faces of the panel receiving over its entire height at least one reinforcing element arranged to be attached and fixed to the corresponding face of the structure, being shaped in section for receiving over its entire height concrete in communication with a chaining, which has a squared edge (2d) formed at the upper part of said element.
  • Le problème posé de constituer un panneau conformé pour faire office de coffrage perdu, est résolu en ce que l'élément présente une section transversale apte à définir une gouttière verticale entre deux ailes d'appui et de fixation situées dans un même plan, ladite gouttière étant en communication avec le rebord équerré.The problem posed of constituting a shaped panel to act as a lost formwork, is solved in that the element has a cross section capable of defining a vertical gutter between two support and fixing wings located in the same plane, said gutter being in communication with the squared edge.
  • A partir de cette conception de base, le panneau peut présenter un seul élément de renforcement faisant office de coffrage et de chaînage, afin de constituer un panneau de largeur réduite, ou bien plusieurs éléments de renforcement faisant office de coffrage et de chaînage, lesdits éléments étant disposés en juxtaposition.From this basic design, the panel can have a single reinforcing element acting as formwork and chaining, in order to constitute a panel of reduced width, or else several reinforcing elements acting as formwork and chaining, said elements being arranged in juxtaposition.
  • Les côté verticaux des panneaux présentent des moyens d'assemblage notamment sous forme d'ailes verticales agencées pour recevoir, deux à deux, des organes de fixation complémentaires pour assurer l'assemblage des panneaux entre eux.The vertical sides of the panels have assembly means in particular in the form of vertical wings arranged to receive, two by two, complementary fastening members to ensure the assembly of the panels together.
  • Avantageusement, notamment dans le cas d'un panneau de dimension réduite, avec un seul élément de renforcement tel que défini, les ailes verticales d'assemblage présentent, deux à deux, des organes de fixation complémentaire du type tenon-­mortaise, aptes à être déformés sous un effet physique pour assurer l'accouplement. Ainsi exécutés, ces panneaux de largeur réduite, constituent des sous-ensembles aptes à être stockés et transportés séparément, à l'état non assemblé, puis assemblés à l'endroit où sera réalisée la piscine afin de constituer des panneaux de plus grandes dimensions.Advantageously, in particular in the case of a panel of reduced size, with a single reinforcing element as defined, the vertical assembly wings have, in pairs, complementary fixing members of the tenon-mortise type, capable of being deformed under a physical effect to ensure mating. Thus executed, these panels of reduced width constitute sub-assemblies capable of being stored and transported separately, in the unassembled state, then assembled at the place where the swimming pool will be made in order to constitute panels of larger dimensions.
  • Suivant une autre caractéristique de l'invention, la partie verticale du rebord équerré du ou de chacun des éléments de renforcement présente une échancrure pour le passage et l'appui d'un fer de liaison avec la margelle.According to another characteristic of the invention, the vertical part of the squared edge of the or each of the reinforcing elements has a notch for the passage and the support of a connecting iron with the coping.
  • Une autre caractéristique réside dans le fait que l'un des bords verticaux de l'élément de renforcement, présente au niveau de son aile d'appui correspondante, et sur la totalité de sa hauteur, une feuillure de recouvrement et de positionnement aptes à coopérer avec l'aile correspondante d'un élément adjacent.Another feature is that one of the vertical edges of the reinforcing element, present at its corresponding support wing, and over its entire height, a covering and positioning rebate capable of cooperating with the corresponding wing of a adjacent element.
  • Un autre problème que se propose de résoudre l'invention est de pouvoir évacuer facilement l'air et l'eau au moment du coulage du béton dans le ou les éléments de renforcement. Dans ce but, la face de la structure recevant d'une manière rapportée, le ou les éléments de renforcement, présente des nervures verticales et horizontales de raidissement, de manière à créer après application du ou des éléments de renforcement, notamment au niveau de leurs ailes d'appui, un espace faisant office de chambre de décompression.Another problem which the invention proposes to solve is to be able to easily evacuate the air and the water when the concrete is poured into the reinforcing element or elements. For this purpose, the face of the structure receiving in a reported manner, the reinforcing element or elements, has vertical and horizontal stiffening ribs, so as to create after application of the reinforcing element or elements, in particular at their support wings, a space serving as a decompression chamber.
  • L'invention est exposée ci-après plus en détail à l'aide des dessins annexés dans lesquels :
    • La figure 1 est une vue en perspective d'une première forme de réalisation d'un panneau dont les éléments constitutifs sont représentés avant montage.
    • La figure 2 est une vue en perspective correspondant à la figure 1 après assemblage des éléments constitutifs.
    • La figure 3 est une vue en perspective d'une autre forme de réalisation d'un panneau selon l'invention dans lequel les éléments de renfort sont assemblés en juxtaposition.
    • La figure 4 est une vue en perspective avec coupe partielle d'une forme de réalisation simplifiée d'un panneau. Pour une meilleure compréhension, on a volontairement exagéré l'épaisseur de la structure.
    • La figure 5 est une vue en coupe considérée selon la ligne 5-5 de la figure 3.
    • La figure 6 est une vue en perspective montrant l'assemblage de différents panneaux selon l'invention avec coulage du chaînage.
    • La figure 7 est une vue en coupe transversale considérée selon la ligne 7-7 de la figure 6.
    • La figure 8 est une vue partielle à caractère purement schématique montrant un mode d'assemblage des panneaux entre eux, notamment dans le cas de panneaux de largeur réduite.
    • La figure 9 est une vue correspondant à la figure 8 après déformation des organes d'assemblage pour permettre l'accouplement des panneaux.
    • La figure 10 est une vue en coupe à caractère schématique montrant l'assemblage de différents sous-ensembles tels qu'illustrés à la figure 2 pour la réalisation d'un panneau de largeur normale.
    • La figure 11 est une vue en coupe longitudinale d'une autre forme de réalisation correspondant à la figure 5.
    • La figure 12 est une vue en perspective de la structure avant fixation de l'élément de renforcement.
    • La figure 13 est une vue en coupe transversale correspondant à la figure 12 après fixation de l'élément de renforcement sur la face correspondante de la structure.
    • La figure 14 est une vue en coupe considérée selon la ligne 14-14 de la figure 13.
    The invention is set out below in more detail with the aid of the appended drawings in which:
    • Figure 1 is a perspective view of a first embodiment of a panel whose components are shown before assembly.
    • Figure 2 is a perspective view corresponding to Figure 1 after assembly of the components.
    • Figure 3 is a perspective view of another embodiment of a panel according to the invention in which the reinforcing elements are assembled in juxtaposition.
    • Figure 4 is a perspective view with partial section of a simplified embodiment of a panel. For a better understanding, we have deliberately exaggerated the thickness of the structure.
    • Figure 5 is a sectional view taken along line 5-5 of Figure 3.
    • Figure 6 is a perspective view showing the assembly of different panels according to the invention with casting of the chaining.
    • Figure 7 is a cross-sectional view taken along line 7-7 of Figure 6.
    • FIG. 8 is a partial view of a purely schematic nature showing a method of assembling the panels together, in particular in the case of panels of reduced width.
    • Figure 9 is a view corresponding to Figure 8 after deformation of the assembly members to allow coupling of the panels.
    • Figure 10 is a schematic sectional view showing the assembly of different sub-assemblies as illustrated in Figure 2 for the production of a panel of normal width.
    • FIG. 11 is a view in longitudinal section of another embodiment corresponding to FIG. 5.
    • Figure 12 is a perspective view of the structure before fixing the reinforcing element.
    • Figure 13 is a cross-sectional view corresponding to Figure 12 after fixing the reinforcing element on the corresponding face of the structure.
    • Figure 14 is a sectional view taken along line 14-14 of Figure 13.
  • Afin de rendre plus concret l'objet de l'invention, on le décrit maintenant d'une manière non limitative en se référant aux exemples de réalisation des figures des dessins.In order to make the object of the invention more concrete, it is now described in a nonlimiting manner with reference to the exemplary embodiments of the figures of the drawings.
  • Le panneau selon l'invention est constitué par une structure préfabriquée (1) en béton de résine armé. L'une des faces de la structure (1) présente sur la totalité de sa hauteur, au moins un élément vertical de renforcement désigné dans son ensemble par (E). Pour la réalisation de cette structure, on dispose au fond d'un moule une armature (A) et on injecte le béton de résine. Comme le montre notamment les figures 4 et 5, l'armature (A) se trouve noyée dans l'épaisseur de la structure (1) en béton de résine.The panel according to the invention consists of a prefabricated structure (1) made of reinforced resin concrete. One of the faces of the structure (1) has over its entire height, at least one vertical reinforcing element generally designated by (E). For the production of this structure, a frame (A) is placed at the bottom of a mold and the resin concrete is injected. As shown in particular in Figures 4 and 5, the armature (A) is embedded in the thickness of the structure (1) in resin concrete.
  • L'armature (A) peut être réalisée, à la façon connue, par un entrecroisement de fers verticaux et de fers horizontaux. Dans une autre forme de réalisation, l'armature peut être réalisée au moyen d'un carton, notamment un carton ondulé, ou autre matériau équivalent.The reinforcement (A) can be produced, in the known manner, by an intersection of vertical bars and horizontal bars. In another embodiment, the frame can be produced by means of a cardboard, in particular corrugated cardboard, or other equivalent material.
  • De même, ainsi réalisée, la structure peut présenter directement lors de son injection, à chacune de ses extrémités latérales, des ailes verticales (1a) et (1b) aptes à assurer l'assemblage de panneaux adjacents analogues en combinaison avec des organes de fixation appropriés, tels que vis, écrous. Entre chacune des ailes de deux panneaux adjacents, peut être interposé, à la façon connue, un joint silicone ou autre organe d'étanchéité. En outre, d'une manière connue, la structure obtenue (1) est de forme générale quadrangulaire en étant plane ou légèrement convexe. De même, certaines structures peuvent être agencées directement ou par des moyens rapportés, pour constituer des panneaux d'angle.Likewise, thus produced, the structure may present directly during its injection, at each of its lateral ends, vertical wings (1a) and (1b) capable of ensuring the assembly of similar adjacent panels in combination with fixing members. suitable, such as screws, nuts. Between each of the wings of two adjacent panels, can be interposed, in known manner, a silicone seal or other sealing member. In addition, in a known manner, the structure obtained (1) is generally quadrangular in shape being planar or slightly convex. Similarly, certain structures can be arranged directly or by added means, to form corner panels.
  • Avantageusement, la structure (1) présente une épaisseur croissante en direction de son extrémité inférieure pour constituer, notamment en combinaison avec les éléments de renforcement, un panneau qui fait office de coffrage à inertie variable, étant donné que la poussée s'opère en partie basse des panneaux (figures 6 et 7).Advantageously, the structure (1) has an increasing thickness in the direction of its lower end to constitute, in particular in combination with the reinforcing elements, a panel which acts as shuttering with variable inertia, since the thrust takes place in part lower panels (Figures 6 and 7).
  • Selon une caractéristique importante à la base de l'invention, l'élément vertical de renforcement (E) est conformé en section pour recevoir, sur la totalité de sa hauteur, du béton et présente dans sa partie supérieure, directement un rebord équerré apte à recevoir un chaînage (C). L'élément (E) est en outre agencé pour être rapporté et fixé par tout moyen connu sur l'une des faces de la structure (1).According to an important characteristic at the base of the invention, the vertical reinforcing element (E) is shaped in section to receive, over its entire height, concrete and has in its upper part, directly a squared edge capable of receive a chain (C). The element (E) is further arranged to be attached and fixed by any known means on one of the faces of the structure (1).
  • Dans ce but, comme le montrent les figures des dessins, l'élément vertical de renforcement est constitué par un poteau (2) de section transversale trapézoïdale pour définir une gouttière verticale (2a) entre deux ailes d'appui (2b) et (2c) situées dans un même plan. La gouttière (2a) ainsi définie, est en communication avec le rebord équerré (2d) notamment avec la branche horizontale (2d1) dudit rebord (figure 1).For this purpose, as shown in the figures of the drawings, the vertical reinforcing element is constituted by a post (2) of trapezoidal cross section to define a vertical gutter (2a) between two support wings (2b) and (2c) located in the same plane. The gutter (2a) thus defined is in communication with the squared edge (2d) in particular with the horizontal branch (2d1) of said edge (Figure 1).
  • La fixation d'une manière rapportée de l'élément de renforcement (2) s'effectue au moyen des ailes (2a) et (2b) qui sont appliquées sur la face correspondante de la structure en y étant solidaires par tout moyen connu approprié, tel que collage. Les ailes (2a) et 2b) présentent tout agencement nécessaire pour permettre la fixation de l'ensemble de l'élément (2) d'une manière sure et efficace.The attachment of the reinforcing element (2) in an added manner is effected by means of the wings (2a) and (2b) which are applied to the corresponding face of the structure by being integral therewith by any suitable known means, such as collage. The wings (2a) and 2b) have any arrangement necessary to allow the attachment of the whole of the element (2) in a safe and effective manner.
  • Suivant une autre caractéristique, comme le montrent notamment les figures 12, 13 et 14, la face de la structure recevant d'une manière rapportée, le ou les éléments de renforcement présente directement au moment de sa fixation, des nervures verticales et horizontales de raidissement (1e) et (1f) (figure 12). Il en résulte qu'après avoir appliqué sur la structure le ou les éléments (2), les ailes de fixation (2b) et (2c), prennent appui sur l'ensemble desdites nervures, ce qui a pour effet d'espacer lesdites ailes de la face correspondante de la structure. L'espace (e) (figures 13 et 14) fait office de chambre de décompression et permet notamment au niveau des ailes, l'évacuation de l'air et de l'excédent de l'eau du béton coulé dans la goulotte verticale du ou des éléments de renforcement et dans le chainage supérieur de ces derniers. Il en résulte un meilleur tassement du béton, tout en diminuant les forces de pression exercées par ledit béton sur la structure.According to another characteristic, as shown in particular in FIGS. 12, 13 and 14, the face of the structure receiving in an added manner, the reinforcing element or elements present directly at the time of its fixing, vertical and horizontal stiffening ribs (1e) and (1f) (figure 12). It follows that after having applied to the structure or the elements (2), the fixing wings (2b) and (2c), bear on all of said ribs, which has the effect of spacing said wings of the corresponding face of the structure. The space (e) (Figures 13 and 14) acts as a decompression chamber and allows in particular at the level of the wings, the evacuation of air and excess water from the concrete poured into the vertical chute of the or reinforcing elements and in the upper chaining thereof. This results in better compaction of the concrete, while reducing the pressure forces exerted by said concrete on the structure.
  • A partir de cette conception de base, le panneau peut présenter un seul élément de renforcement (2) faisant office de coffrage et de chaînage (figures 1, 2 et 10) ou bien plusieurs éléments de renforcement (2) faisant office de coffrage et de chaînage disposés en juxtaposition (figures 3, 5, 6, 7, 11).From this basic design, the panel can have a single reinforcing element (2) acting as formwork and chaining (Figures 1, 2 and 10) or several reinforcing elements (2) acting as formwork and chaining arranged in juxtaposition (Figures 3, 5, 6, 7, 11).
  • Avantageusement, notamment dans le cas d'un panneau de largeur réduite (figure 2), c'est-à-dire une structure (1) comprenant, entre chacune des ailes verticales d'assemblage (1a) et (1b), un seul élément (2), lesdites ailes présentent deux à deux des organes de fixation complémentaires du type tenon-mortaise (1c -1d). Ces organes de fixation (1c - 1d) sont susceptibles d'être déformés sous un effet physique tel qu'électro-soudure, pour assurer l'accouplement des panneaux ainsi constitués (figures 8 et 9).Advantageously, in particular in the case of a panel of reduced width (FIG. 2), that is to say a structure (1) comprising, between each of the vertical assembly wings (1a) and (1b), a single element (2), said wings have two by two complementary fixing members of the tenon-mortise type (1c -1d). These fixing members (1c - 1d) are capable of being deformed under a physical effect such as electro-welding, to ensure the coupling of the panels thus formed (Figures 8 and 9).
  • Il apparaît donc que ces panneaux de dimensions réduites, constituent des sous-ensembles (E) aptes à être stockés et transportés séparément à l'état non assemblé, d'où un gain d'encombrement très important. Il suffit ensuite de les assembler à l'endroit où sera réalisée la piscine, dans les conditions indiquées, afin de constituer le panneau (P) en tant que tel (figure 10).It therefore appears that these reduced-size panels constitute sub-assemblies (E) capable of being stored and transported separately in the unassembled state, resulting in a very significant gain in size. It then suffices to assemble them at the place where the swimming pool will be produced, under the conditions indicated, in order to constitute the panel (P) as such (FIG. 10).
  • Dans le cas où chacun des panneaux (P) est constitué par une structure (1) présentant en juxtaposition plusieurs éléments verticaux (2), l'une des ailes d'appui (2b) ou (2c) dudit élément peut présenter sur la totalité de sa hauteur une feuillure de recouvrement (2e) apte à coopérer avec l'aile correspondante d'un élément adjacent (2) (figure 11).In the case where each of the panels (P) is constituted by a structure (1) having in juxtaposition several vertical elements (2), one of the support wings (2b) or (2c) of said element can have on the whole from its height a covering rebate (2e) able to cooperate with the corresponding wing of an adjacent element (2) (FIG. 11).
  • Après assemblage des différents panneaux exécutés selon les caractéristiques de l'invention et correctement disposés pour constituer un bassin de piscine de formes et dimensions désirées, on coule du béton (B), d'une part, dans chacune des gouttières verticales (2a) des éléments de renforcement (2) et, d'autre part, dans le chaînage continu constitué par l'alignement des différents rebords équerrés (2d) (figures 6 et 7). Avantageusement, le béton (B) est armé.After assembly of the various panels executed according to the characteristics of the invention and correctly arranged to constitute a swimming pool of desired shapes and dimensions, concrete (B) is poured, on the one hand, into each of the vertical gutters (2a) of the reinforcing elements (2) and, on the other hand, in the continuous chaining constituted by the alignment of the different squared edges (2d) (Figures 6 and 7). Advantageously, the concrete (B) is reinforced.
  • Ansi réalisés, les panneaux (P) sont du type autoporteur en constituant un coffrage perdu et en étant aptes à recevoir directement le remblais du terrain où est exécutée la piscine. En outre, la branche verticale (2d2) de chacun de rebords équerrés (2d) présentent très sensiblement, dans sa partie médiane, une échancrure (2d3) pour le passage et l'appui d'un fer de liaison (3) avec la margelle (figure 7).Ansi realized, the panels (P) are of the self-supporting type by constituting a lost formwork and being able to directly receive the fill of the ground where the swimming pool is executed. In addition, the vertical branch (2d2) of each of squared edges (2d) have very substantially, in its middle part, a notch (2d3) for the passage and the support of a connecting iron (3) with the coping (figure 7).
  • Les avantages ressortent bien de la description. En particulier, on souligne:The advantages are apparent from the description. In particular, we emphasize:
  • Les éléments de renforcement considérés séparément en combinaison constituent directement lors de leur fabrication un chaînage.The reinforcing elements considered separately in combination constitute directly during their manufacture a chaining.
  • Chacun des panneaux est du type autoporteur en constituant un coffrage perdu.Each of the panels is of the self-supporting type, constituting a lost formwork.
  • La rigidité de la structure de base de chacun des panneaux résultant de l'injection d'une résine de béton sur une armature préalablement disposée au fond d'un moule, de manière à constituer un panneau en résine de béton armé.The rigidity of the basic structure of each of the panels resulting from the injection of a concrete resin onto a reinforcement previously placed at the bottom of a mold, so as to constitute a panel of reinforced concrete resin.
  • La fabrication industrielle du panneau, chacun des éléments constitutifs à savoir la structure de base (1), et le ou les éléments de renfort rapportés (2) étant aptes à être réalisés par injection.The industrial manufacture of the panel, each of the constituent elements, namely the basic structure (1), and the added reinforcement element or elements (2) being able to be produced by injection.
  • La facilité de transport et de stockage des panneaux, compte-tenu de l'indépendance entre la structure en tant que telle et les éléments de renforcement.The ease of transport and storage of the panels, taking into account the independence between the structure as such and the reinforcing elements.

Claims (11)

  1. -1- Panneau pour la réalisation de piscines notamment, caractérisé en ce qu'il est constitué par une structure préfabriquée (1) en béton de résine armé, l'une des faces du panneau recevant sur la totalité de sa hauteur au moins un élément de renforcement (2) agencé pour être rapporté et fixé sur la face correspondante de la structure (1), en étant conformé en section pour recevoir sur la totalité de sa hauteur du béton en communication avec un chainage, que présente un rebord équerré (2d) formé à la partie supérieure dudit élément (2).-1- Panel for the production of swimming pools in particular, characterized in that it is constituted by a prefabricated structure (1) of reinforced resin concrete, one of the faces of the panel receiving over its entire height at least one element reinforcement (2) arranged to be attached and fixed to the corresponding face of the structure (1), being shaped in section to receive over its entire height of the concrete in communication with a chaining, which has a squared edge (2d ) formed at the top of said element (2).
  2. -2- Panneau selon la revendication 1, caractérisé en ce que l'élément (2) présente une section transversale apte à définir une gouttière verticale (2a) entre deux ailes d'appui et de fixation (2b-2c) situées dans un même plan, ladite gouttière (2a) étant en communication avec le rebord équerré (2d).-2- Panel according to claim 1, characterized in that the element (2) has a cross section capable of defining a vertical gutter (2a) between two support and fixing wings (2b-2c) located in the same plane, said gutter (2a) being in communication with the squared edge (2d).
  3. -3- Panneau selon la revendication 2, caractérisé en ce que la goulotte (2a) est de section transversale trapézoïdale.-3- Panel according to claim 2, characterized in that the chute (2a) is of trapezoidal cross section.
  4. -4- Panneau selon la revendication 1, caractérisé en ce qu'il présente un seul élément vertical de renforcement (2) disposé entre des moyens d'assemblage (1a -1b) formés en débordement et le long des côtés verticaux de la structure en étant conformés pour assurer son assemblage avec des panneaux adjacents analogues.-4- Panel according to claim 1, characterized in that it has a single vertical reinforcing element (2) disposed between assembly means (1a -1b) formed in overflow and along the vertical sides of the structure in being shaped to ensure its assembly with similar adjacent panels.
  5. -5- Panneau selon la revendication 1, caractérisé en ce qu'il présente plusieurs éléments verticaux de renforcement (2) disposés en juxtaposition entre des moyens d'assemblage (1a - 1b) formés en débordement et le long des côtés verticaux de la structure en étant conformé pour assurer son assemblage avec des panneaux adjacents analogues.-5- Panel according to claim 1, characterized in that it has several vertical reinforcing elements (2) arranged in juxtaposition between assembly means (1a - 1b) formed in overflow and along the vertical sides of the structure being shaped to ensure its assembly with similar adjacent panels.
  6. -6- Panneau selon l'une quelconque des revendications 4 et 5, caractérisé en ce que les moyens d'assemblage (1a -1b) sont formés par des ailes verticales présentant, deux à deux, des organes de fixation complémentaires du type tenons-mortaise (1c - 1d) aptes à être déformés sous un effet physique pour assurer l'accouplement.-6- Panel according to any one of claims 4 and 5, characterized in that the assembly means (1a -1b) are formed by vertical wings having, two by two, complementary fastening members of the tenon type- mortise (1c - 1d) able to be deformed under a physical effect to ensure mating.
  7. -7- Panneau selon la revendication 1, caractérisé en ce que la partie verticale du rebord équerré (2d) du ou de chacun des éléments de renforcement (2) présente une échancrure (2d3) pour le passage et l'appui d'un fer de liaison avec la margelle.-7- Panel according to claim 1, characterized in that the vertical part of the squared edge (2d) of or each of the reinforcing elements (2) has a notch (2d3) for the passage and support of an iron connecting with the coping.
  8. -8- Panneau selon la revendication 2, caractérisé en ce que l'un des bords verticaux de l'élément de renforcement, présente au niveau de son aile d'appui correspondante, et sur la totalité de sa hauteur, une feuillure de recouvrement (2e) et de positionnement apte à coopérer avec l'aile correspondante d'un élément adjacent.-8- Panel according to claim 2, characterized in that one of the vertical edges of the reinforcing element, has at its corresponding support wing, and over its entire height, a covering rebate ( 2e) and positioning capable of cooperating with the corresponding wing of an adjacent element.
  9. -9- Panneau selon la revendication 1, caractérisé en ce que la structure (1) présente une épaisseur variable dans le sens de la hauteur en étant progressivement croissante en direction de son extrémité inférieure.-9- Panel according to claim 1, characterized in that the structure (1) has a variable thickness in the direction of height while being progressively increasing towards its lower end.
  10. -10- Panneau selon la revendication 1, caractérisé en ce que la face de la structure (1) recevant d'une manière rapportée, le ou les éléments de renforcement (2), présente des nervures verticales et horizontales de raidissement (1e) et (1f), de manière à créer après application du ou des éléments de renforcement, notamment au niveau de leurs ailes d'appui, un espace (e) faisant office de chambre de décompression.-10- Panel according to claim 1, characterized in that the face of the structure (1) receiving in a reported manner, the reinforcing element or elements (2), has vertical and horizontal stiffening ribs (1e) and (1f), so as to create after application of the reinforcing element or elements, in particular at the level of their support wings, a space (e) acting as a decompression chamber.
  11. -11- Procédé de fabrication du panneau selon la revendication 1, caractérisé en ce que l'on dispose au fond d'un moule une armature (A), et on injecte un béton de résine de sorte que ladite armature (A) est noyée dans l'épaisseur de la structure en béton de résine ; on rapporte et on fixe sur l'une des faces de la structure au moins un élément de renfort selon la revendication 2.-11- A method of manufacturing the panel according to claim 1, characterized in that there is at the bottom of a mold a frame (A), and a resin concrete is injected so that said frame (A) is embedded in the thickness of the resin concrete structure; at least one reinforcing element according to claim 2 is attached and attached to one of the faces of the structure.
EP90420010A 1989-01-09 1990-01-05 Boarding for the realisation of swimming pools in particular, and method of manufacturing same Expired - Lifetime EP0382649B1 (en)

Priority Applications (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
FR8900722 1989-01-09
FR8900722A FR2641811B1 (en) 1989-01-09 1989-01-09 Panel for realizing swimming pools in particular, and manufacturing method thereof

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
EP0382649A1 true EP0382649A1 (en) 1990-08-16
EP0382649B1 EP0382649B1 (en) 1995-04-05

Family

ID=9377946

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
EP90420010A Expired - Lifetime EP0382649B1 (en) 1989-01-09 1990-01-05 Boarding for the realisation of swimming pools in particular, and method of manufacturing same

Country Status (14)

Country Link
US (1) US5111628A (en)
EP (1) EP0382649B1 (en)
JP (1) JP2902431B2 (en)
AT (1) AT120828T (en)
AU (1) AU633533B2 (en)
BR (1) BR9000053A (en)
CA (1) CA2007322C (en)
DE (1) DE69018291T2 (en)
ES (1) ES2071800T3 (en)
FR (1) FR2641811B1 (en)
MA (1) MA21721A1 (en)
MX (1) MX174603B (en)
PT (1) PT92811B (en)
ZA (1) ZA8909901B (en)

Cited By (12)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO1995025864A1 (en) * 1994-03-23 1995-09-28 Piscines Desjoyaux S.A. Panel for storage ponds
FR2718779A1 (en) * 1994-04-18 1995-10-20 Comte Roger Prefabricated panel for swimming pool walls
FR2765909A1 (en) * 1997-07-09 1999-01-15 Piscines Desjoyaux Sa Panels for the production of pool pools
FR2778933A1 (en) * 1998-05-20 1999-11-26 Joel Queirel Shuttering assembly for reinforced concrete wall of a swimming pool
US6295771B1 (en) 1998-06-29 2001-10-02 Piscines Desjoyaux, S.A. Panels for constructing swimming pools
FR2815986A1 (en) * 2000-10-30 2002-05-03 Sarl Pps France Post for making swimming pool walls
FR2856332A1 (en) * 2003-06-20 2004-12-24 Piscines Desjoyaux Sa PANEL FOR THE REALIZATION OF A POOL POOL
FR2887273A1 (en) * 2005-06-21 2006-12-22 Piscines Desjoyaux Sa Sa Swimming pool basin forming panel, has ribs delimiting crosspieces having branches disposed angularly with respect to vertical legs, where crosspieces have branches with height corresponding to that of legs
WO2018002553A1 (en) 2016-07-01 2018-01-04 Piscines Desjoyaux Sa Raising element for modular panel
WO2018002554A1 (en) 2016-07-01 2018-01-04 Piscines Desjoyaux Sa Modular panel for forming the walls of a pool
WO2018002552A1 (en) 2016-07-01 2018-01-04 Piscines Desjoyaux Sa Modular panel for pool walls and corresponding pool
FR3082545A1 (en) * 2018-06-13 2019-12-20 Sofimo BANCHING ASSEMBLY WITH WALL AND FORMWORK SHELLS

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JPS54146102U (en) * 1978-03-31 1979-10-11
US6006500A (en) * 1992-09-30 1999-12-28 Southpac Trust International, Inc. Article packaging system
JPH08147908A (en) * 1994-11-17 1996-06-07 Fujitsu Ltd Recording and reproducing method and recording and reproducing device
US6244005B1 (en) * 1997-11-28 2001-06-12 Arne B. Wallin Modular wall system
US6427406B1 (en) 1998-12-11 2002-08-06 Swa Holding Company, Inc. Monolithic stud form for concrete wall production
US6003278A (en) * 1997-12-11 1999-12-21 We-Mar, Inc. Monolithic stud form for concrete wall production
US6128878A (en) * 1998-05-08 2000-10-10 Erickson; Dayle Eugene Portable storage building with concrete floor and method of assembling and moving same
FR2818998B1 (en) * 2001-01-02 2005-03-11 Joel Queirel PROCESS FOR THE PRODUCTION OF CIVIL ENGINEERING WORKS, AND IN PARTICULAR POOLS OR WATER SUPPLY BASINS, AND MEANS FOR IMPLEMENTING IT
US7124545B1 (en) * 2002-06-07 2006-10-24 Frank Poma Tilt-up panel and method
CA2425811A1 (en) * 2003-04-17 2004-10-17 Arne B. Wallin Modular wall system with footing form
FR2869057B1 (en) * 2004-04-16 2006-06-02 Piscines Desjoyaux Sa Sa Device for realizing a top of chainage of an staircase
FR2875833B1 (en) 2004-09-24 2007-07-06 Ceprotek Sa Bank element for producing molded panel and bank structure obtained by assembling such elements
EP2530221A3 (en) 2011-06-01 2013-01-02 Jo-Co Pools Inc. Pool liner retaining system
US8827235B1 (en) * 2012-05-11 2014-09-09 William L. Fisher, III Concrete form for building foundation construction with form insert creating recessed sections
US10577794B2 (en) * 2016-03-02 2020-03-03 DesignStone Pty Ltd. Wall construction
US10914089B2 (en) * 2018-06-19 2021-02-09 Consolidated Manufacturing International, Llc Modular walled spa and method of construction

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FR2406049A2 (en) 1977-10-12 1979-05-11 Desjoyaux Jean Louis Modular reinforced panels for swimming pool construction - incorporating polyester or concrete bodies with tile or PVC facing
FR2518613A1 (en) 1981-12-18 1983-06-24 Desjoyaux Catherine Prefabricated panel for constructing swimming pool - has channel on outer face which receives concrete reinforcing framework

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US3638378A (en) * 1969-09-25 1972-02-01 Pacific Pool And Contracting I Walled structures such as swimming pools
US3885364A (en) * 1973-06-18 1975-05-27 Jay A Lankheet Wall shell construction
US4090266A (en) * 1975-12-19 1978-05-23 Price John W Swimming pool construction
FR2406049A2 (en) 1977-10-12 1979-05-11 Desjoyaux Jean Louis Modular reinforced panels for swimming pool construction - incorporating polyester or concrete bodies with tile or PVC facing
FR2518613A1 (en) 1981-12-18 1983-06-24 Desjoyaux Catherine Prefabricated panel for constructing swimming pool - has channel on outer face which receives concrete reinforcing framework

Cited By (20)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
FR2717848A1 (en) * 1994-03-23 1995-09-29 Desjoyaux Piscines Panel for the creation of retention basins.
WO1995025864A1 (en) * 1994-03-23 1995-09-28 Piscines Desjoyaux S.A. Panel for storage ponds
FR2718779A1 (en) * 1994-04-18 1995-10-20 Comte Roger Prefabricated panel for swimming pool walls
FR2765909A1 (en) * 1997-07-09 1999-01-15 Piscines Desjoyaux Sa Panels for the production of pool pools
WO1999002802A1 (en) 1997-07-09 1999-01-21 Piscines Desjoyaux S.A. Panels for constructing swimming pools
FR2778933A1 (en) * 1998-05-20 1999-11-26 Joel Queirel Shuttering assembly for reinforced concrete wall of a swimming pool
US6295771B1 (en) 1998-06-29 2001-10-02 Piscines Desjoyaux, S.A. Panels for constructing swimming pools
FR2815986A1 (en) * 2000-10-30 2002-05-03 Sarl Pps France Post for making swimming pool walls
CN100458086C (en) * 2003-06-20 2009-02-04 德茹瓦约游泳池有限公司 Panel for the production of a swimming pool
FR2856332A1 (en) * 2003-06-20 2004-12-24 Piscines Desjoyaux Sa PANEL FOR THE REALIZATION OF A POOL POOL
WO2005003492A1 (en) * 2003-06-20 2005-01-13 Piscines Desjoyaux Sa Panel for the production of a swimming pool
FR2887273A1 (en) * 2005-06-21 2006-12-22 Piscines Desjoyaux Sa Sa Swimming pool basin forming panel, has ribs delimiting crosspieces having branches disposed angularly with respect to vertical legs, where crosspieces have branches with height corresponding to that of legs
WO2018002553A1 (en) 2016-07-01 2018-01-04 Piscines Desjoyaux Sa Raising element for modular panel
WO2018002554A1 (en) 2016-07-01 2018-01-04 Piscines Desjoyaux Sa Modular panel for forming the walls of a pool
WO2018002552A1 (en) 2016-07-01 2018-01-04 Piscines Desjoyaux Sa Modular panel for pool walls and corresponding pool
FR3053374A1 (en) * 2016-07-01 2018-01-05 Piscines Desjoyaux Sa Enhancement element for modular panel
FR3053372A1 (en) * 2016-07-01 2018-01-05 Piscines Desjoyaux Sa MODULAR PANEL FOR BASIN WALLS
US10689871B2 (en) 2016-07-01 2020-06-23 Piscines Desjoyaux Sa Modular panel for pool walls and corresponding pool
RU2726682C1 (en) * 2016-07-01 2020-07-15 Писин Десжуайо Са Modular panel for walls of pool and corresponding pool
FR3082545A1 (en) * 2018-06-13 2019-12-20 Sofimo BANCHING ASSEMBLY WITH WALL AND FORMWORK SHELLS

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
MX174603B (en) 1994-05-30
EP0382649B1 (en) 1995-04-05
AU633533B2 (en) 1993-02-04
JP2902431B2 (en) 1999-06-07
FR2641811B1 (en) 1992-09-11
CA2007322C (en) 1999-07-13
ZA8909901B (en) 1990-09-26
PT92811A (en) 1990-07-31
AT120828T (en) 1995-04-15
AU4768190A (en) 1990-07-12
US5111628A (en) 1992-05-12
FR2641811A1 (en) 1990-07-20
MA21721A1 (en) 1990-10-01
PT92811B (en) 1996-02-29
BR9000053A (en) 1990-10-16
JPH032472A (en) 1991-01-08
DE69018291T2 (en) 1995-09-28
ES2071800T3 (en) 1995-07-01
CA2007322A1 (en) 1990-07-09
DE69018291D1 (en) 1995-05-11

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