Breeding greenhouse for miniature detoxified potato
The patent of the utility model relates to a potato planting technical field, concretely relates to breed big-arch shelter of miniature potato of potato detoxification.
The potato mini-potato is a small virus-free seed potato which is bred in an aphid-proof greenhouse or a net shed by using virus-free seedlings or test-tube potatoes, conventional viruses are removed by virus removal of the potato, the characteristics of the original variety are recovered, and the aim of rejuvenation is fulfilled; meanwhile, the infected fungi and bacterial pathogens are removed together in the detoxification process. The detoxified miniature potato has no virus, bacteria and fungus diseases, and its vitality is very vigorous. At present, the breeding of the detoxified miniature potatoes is usually realized by utilizing tissue culture seedlings and producing the detoxified miniature potatoes in a grounding cultivation bed in a greenhouse, the grounding cultivation bed usually influences the respiration of a root system due to the oversaturation of water in a matrix, the root system is rotted, the growth of plants is influenced, pesticides are required to be used for multiple times in the production process to control the occurrence of plant diseases and insect pests, the insufficiency of carbon dioxide is solved by ventilation, the plants are lack of raw materials within a certain time, the manufactured nutrients are few, the photosynthesis efficiency is low, and the miniature potatoes are different in size.
SUMMERY OF THE UTILITY MODEL
The utility model discloses to prior art not enough, provide a safe and reliable's miniature potato of potato detoxification breed big-arch shelter, solved miniature potato at the growth in-process, the root system is rotten and easily suffers the problem of plant diseases and insect pests, and can keep certain carbon dioxide concentration, improves the quality of miniature potato.
The technical scheme of the utility model is realized like this: this breed big-arch shelter of miniature potato of potato detoxification includes big-arch shelter body, ceiling and support column, be equipped with the skeleton between the support column, its characterized in that, be equipped with photovoltaic board and curved sunshine tile on the ceiling, sunshine tile top is equipped with unpowered ventilation unit, this internal switch board, the water smoke shower nozzle of cultivation bed top, the carbon dioxide foster ware electric connection's that is equipped with off-the-ground formula cultivation bed, with photovoltaic board electricity in the big-arch shelter carbon dioxide concentration sensor, be equipped with axial compressor air inlet machine on the big-arch shelter body lateral wall, install the ozone sterilization machine on the axial compressor air inlet machine, the switch board encourages ware, axial compressor air inlet machine, ozone sterilization machine and carbon dioxide concentration sensor electric connection with carbon dioxide respectively.
The cultivation bed comprises a bed body arranged on a base, a soilless culture substrate is arranged on the bed body, the soilless culture substrate sequentially comprises a peat layer, a perlite layer, a vermiculite layer and a water storage layer from top to bottom, and a water outlet is formed below the water storage layer.
The water mist spray head is connected with an external water supply pipeline through a spray header, and the carbon dioxide growth substance generator is vertically arranged above the cultivation bed.
The greenhouse body is covered with an insect-proof net outside, and a multicolor dielectric insect-sucking plate is hung inside the greenhouse body.
And a plant growth lamp is arranged above the cultivation bed.
The unpowered ventilation device is a unpowered ventilation wind ball, turbine blades are arranged inside the unpowered ventilation wind ball, and the turbine blades rotate through natural wind or internal and external temperature difference.
The utility model provides an existing defect among the background art, have following beneficial effect:
the breeding greenhouse for the detoxified miniature potatoes solves the problems that the root system of the miniature potatoes is rotten and is easily subjected to plant diseases and insect pests in the growth process, can keep a certain carbon dioxide concentration, and improves the quality of the miniature potatoes. Absorb radiation energy conversion in sunshine through photovoltaic array to for axial flow advances equipment such as fan, ozone sterilization machine, carbon dioxide fostering ware and provides the power, saved the electric energy. The sterilization is carried out by the ozone sterilization machine, so that the pollution of pesticide to the environment when the bactericide is used for controlling the generation of germs in the production of the miniature potatoes is avoided. The carbon dioxide growth substance releases gaseous fertilizer, overcomes the defects of poor gas exchange performance inside and outside the greenhouse and insufficient raw materials for photosynthesis of the leaves, ensures vigorous photosynthesis of detoxified seedlings in the greenhouse under the environment with proper temperature and humidity, keeps the miniature potatoes in order, increases the weight of tubers and improves the quality of the miniature potato seeds. The off-ground cultivation bed allows excessive moisture to seep out from the bottom, improves the ventilation condition of the substrate on the cultivation bed, is beneficial to the absorption of roots to nutrients, is free of base fertilizer, is convenient to control the growth of seedlings, and can realize uniform potato bearing.
Fig. 1 is a schematic structural view of the present invention;
fig. 2 is a schematic structural view of the cultivation bed of the present invention.
In the figure: 1-greenhouse body, 2-support column, 3-framework, 4-photovoltaic panel, 5-sunlight tile, 6-unpowered ventilation device, 7-axial flow air inlet machine, 8-ozone sterilization machine, 9-cultivation bed, 10-carbon dioxide growth substance, 11-water spray head, 12-plant growth lamp, 13-power distribution cabinet, 14-spray water pipe, 15-carbon dioxide concentration sensor, 91-peat layer, 92-perlite layer, 93-vermiculite layer, 94-water storage layer, 95-water outlet and 96-base.
The technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention will be described clearly and completely with reference to the accompanying drawings in the embodiments of the present invention, and it is obvious that the described embodiments are only some embodiments of the present invention, not all embodiments. Based on the embodiments in the present invention, all other embodiments obtained by a person skilled in the art without creative efforts belong to the protection scope of the present invention.
The breeding greenhouse embodiment of the potato detoxified micro potatoes as shown in fig. 1 and 2 comprises a greenhouse body 1, a ceiling and support columns 2, a framework 3 is arranged between the support columns 2, a photovoltaic plate 4 and an arc-shaped sunlight tile 5 are arranged on the ceiling, an unpowered ventilation device 6 is arranged above the sunlight tile 5, an off-ground cultivation bed 9 is arranged in the greenhouse body 1, a power distribution cabinet 13 electrically connected with the photovoltaic plate 4, a water mist spray head 11 above the cultivation bed 9, a carbon dioxide concentration sensor 15 electrically connected with a carbon dioxide growth substance 10, an axial flow air inlet machine 7 is arranged on the side wall of the greenhouse body 1, an ozone sterilization machine 8 is installed on the axial flow air inlet machine 7, the power distribution cabinet 13 is respectively electrically connected with the carbon dioxide growth substance 10, the axial flow air inlet machine 7, the ozone sterilization machine 8 and the carbon dioxide concentration. The cultivation bed 9 comprises a bed body arranged on a base 96, a soilless culture substrate is arranged on the bed body, the soilless culture substrate sequentially comprises a peat layer 91, a perlite layer 92, a vermiculite layer 93 and a water storage layer 94 from top to bottom, and a water outlet 95 is arranged below the water storage layer 94. The water spray nozzle 11 is connected with an external water supply pipeline through a spray water pipe 14, and the carbon dioxide growth substance 10 is vertically arranged above the cultivation bed 9. The greenhouse body 1 is covered with an insect-proof net outside and is hung with a multicolor dielectric insect-sucking plate inside. A plant growth lamp 12 is arranged above the cultivation bed 9. The unpowered ventilation device 6 is a unpowered ventilation wind ball, turbine blades are arranged inside the unpowered ventilation wind ball, and the turbine blades rotate through natural wind or internal and external temperature difference.
The utility model discloses the implementation process is: this cultivate big-arch shelter can make full use of solar energy daytime for temperature improves in the big-arch shelter, absorbs sunshine radiant energy conversion with photovoltaic board 4 and becomes the electric energy, and for axial-flow air intake fan 7, ozone sterilization machine 8, carbon dioxide foster ware 10 etc. provide the power, saved the electric energy. The air pumped in by the axial flow fan 7 is subjected to high-voltage discharge through an ozone sterilization machine 8 to enable the air to be ozonized, and the ozonized air is output through an internal air pump and uniformly diffused out along a plastic throat pipe arranged in the greenhouse space; the use time is as follows: the fertilizer is used after field planting and seedling delaying, 8 in the morning: 00-9: 00, 17 pm: 00-18: 00, stopping the micro potatoes one week before harvesting, and sterilizing with ozone, so that the pollution of pesticide to the environment when the bactericide is used for controlling the generation of germs in the production of the micro potatoes is avoided. After the virus-free seedlings are planted and slowed, when the leaves grow to be close to the mature age, and after 3 weeks of planting, carbon dioxide gas fertilizer is added; the raw material is ammonium bicarbonate, and the used gas generating equipment is a Ruite A type carbon dioxide growth substance; through carbon dioxide concentration sensor 15 real-time supervision carbon dioxide concentration in the big-arch shelter, when being less than 400PPM, switch board 13 starts carbon dioxide and promotes 10 work of growth substance, releases carbon dioxide, improves carbon dioxide concentration in the big-arch shelter, improves 1000PPM when the concentration, and the photosynthetic efficiency of miniature potato can improve more than the one time. The use of the carbon dioxide gas fertilizer overcomes the defects of poor gas exchange performance inside and outside the greenhouse and insufficient raw materials for leaf photosynthesis, so that the detoxified seedlings in the greenhouse have vigorous photosynthesis, the miniature potatoes are tidy, the tuber weight is increased, and the quality of the miniature potato seeds is improved in the environment with proper temperature and humidity. The off-ground cultivation bed 9 allows excessive moisture to seep out from the bottom, improves the ventilation condition of the substrate on the cultivation bed, is beneficial to the absorption of roots to nutrients, is free of base fertilizer, is convenient to control the growth of seedlings, and can realize uniform potato bearing. The peat layer 91 is nutritious and can provide organic matter, humic acid and nutritional ingredients required by the growth of the potatoes. The perlite layer 92 can promote the growth and development of the fibrous root system of the potato and has excellent fixing function on the miniature potato. The vermiculite layer 93 has good air permeability and strong water absorption, is beneficial to the growth of crops, and can also reduce the input of fertilizers. The water storage layer 94 is a porous sponge layer which can store water, and the redundant water is discharged from the water outlet 95 to avoid root system decay. The utility model discloses guarantee that the hardening seedling in the growth of miniature potato, field planting and growth process thereafter do not receive the virus infection that the insect that takes the poison is the mediator, improve the condition of ventilating of cultivation bed matrix, miniature potato seed potato quality improves, and the tuber formation is even, avoids the pollution of environment simultaneously. In addition, the utility model utilizes soilless substrate cultivation to breed 5-15 g of small tubers. Meanwhile, complementary combination of solar energy and agriculture is realized, and agricultural income is increased.
The above description is only a preferred embodiment of the present invention, and should not be taken as limiting the invention, and any modifications, equivalent replacements, improvements, etc. made within the spirit and principle of the present invention should be included in the protection scope of the present invention.