CN207959445U - A kind of drainage system with regulate and store facility and online processing facility - Google Patents

A kind of drainage system with regulate and store facility and online processing facility Download PDF

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Publication number
CN207959445U
CN207959445U CN201721278957.8U CN201721278957U CN207959445U CN 207959445 U CN207959445 U CN 207959445U CN 201721278957 U CN201721278957 U CN 201721278957U CN 207959445 U CN207959445 U CN 207959445U
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China
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water
water conservancy
monitoring
conservancy switch
facility
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CN201721278957.8U
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Chinese (zh)
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周超
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Wuhan Shengyu Smart Ecological Environmental Protection Co ltd
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Wuhan Shengyu Drainage Systems Co Ltd
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a kind of drainage systems with regulate and store facility and online processing facility, the drainage system has the effect of intelligent drainage function, the reasonable discharge of water body is realized to the reasonable control of the aperture and associated component of the water conservancy switch in the drainage system by control system, while ensure that flood passage is safe, to the greatest extent shut off dirty water or initial rainwater to facility of regulating and storing, and it is not necessarily to manual operation in use, pass through control unit, the automatic adjustment of water conservancy switch may be implemented, have the characteristics that flexible and changeable, reduce a large amount of manpower and materials.The drainage system efficiently solves to be cut dirty pipe and can not carry out current limliting, clean water or later stage rainwater and can also enter to cut a phenomenon that dirty pipe be delivered to sewage treatment plant in the prior art.By reasonably controlling the discharge approach of dirty water, initial rainwater and middle and later periods rainwater, dirty water is shut off to facility of regulating and storing to greatest extent, draining into natural water compared with clean water.

Description

A kind of drainage system with regulate and store facility and online processing facility
Technical field
The utility model belongs to technical field of drainage, and in particular to a kind of row with regulate and store facility and online processing facility Water system.
Background technology
Currently, the drainage system of city and groups of building includes mainly separate system, combined system and mixed flow system, main purpose It is collection, conveying and the processing for realizing water body.For example, the system for treating all waste water using a kind of mode claims combined system.It is only There are one drainage systems, and converging system, drainage pipeline is claimed to claim combined pipeline.Waste water of different nature is treated in different ways System claim separate system, it is general, and there are two drainage systems.One is properly termed as storm-water system, for collecting rainwater and pollution journey Industrial wastewater very low, without processing direct emission water body is spent, pipeline claims storm sewer.Another is properly termed as sewage System, collects the industrial wastewater that could be discharged after sanitary sewage and needs processing, and pipeline claims sewage conduct.Mixed flow system is a kind of System between separate system and combined system is mainly since pipeline misconnection, hybrid junction etc. cause in the region of separate system There is waste water of different nature in section of tubing, i.e. storm sewer or sewage conduct has actually become combined pipeline.City Waste water in sewage conduct and combined pipeline is often referred to as municipal sewage.
Densely populated with the appearance of modern house sanitary equipment and skyscraper, excrement is conveyed with flow, is greatly increased The intensity of municipal sewage;Along with industry prosperity, industrial wastewater increases significantly, and the rivers and lakes of near cities occur as soon as and cannot hold The pollution condition born.Then sewage treatment plant is added, pipeline is used in combination to connect each water outlet, the waste water in each arterial drainage is converged Collection sewage treatment plant is handled, and shutoff type converging system is formed.Connection water outlet and shut off waste water to sewage treatment plant pipe Road claims shut off pipeline or wastewater interception pipe.
Wastewater flow rate abruptly increase when rainfall shuts off pipeline and sewage treatment plant is necessarily required to if all waste water are all retained It is very extensive, excessively increase engineering cost.So the inspection shaft of arterial drainage and intercepting sewer intersection is generally replaced with shunting Well.The construction of shunting well can have a different designs, but current design and not perfect, and be directed to different sewage quantity and rain Water does not make improvement yet.Because only having sewage, shunting well that can stop sewage in pipe when dry season, sewage pipe is flowed to;Rainy season When part rainwater and sewage stopped and flowed into sewage pipe, remaining stormwater overflow continues towards downstream by weir in well.For rain The flow direction of water and sewage, it is most in current control method to be controlled using water level or rainfall, but existing water level control Method or rainfall control methods, the flow-dividing control to rainwater and sewage is not fine, to lose meaning existing for shunting well.
Utility model content
In order to solve the deficiencies in the prior art, the utility model provides a kind of with regulate and store facility and online processing facility Drainage system, the drainage system shuts off and shunts for rainwater and/or sewage, by reasonably regulating and controlling so that water body Reasonable diffluence realizes the reasonable disposition of resource.
The utility model provides a kind of drainage system, and the drainage system includes shunting well, and the shunting well includes point Stream well well body and four openings being set in the shunting well well body, are water inlet, the first water outlet, the second water outlet respectively With third water outlet;
The drainage system further includes the second water conservancy switch, third water conservancy switch and the 4th water conservancy switch;Wherein, close First water outlet is arranged the second water conservancy and switchs, for controlling the water amount by the first water outlet;Close to described the Two water outlets are arranged third water conservancy and switch, for controlling the water amount by the second water outlet;Wherein, close to the third Water outlet is arranged the 4th water conservancy and switchs, for controlling the water amount by third water outlet;
The drainage system further includes regulate and store facility and online processing facility, facility and the first water outlet phase of regulating and storing Even;The online processing facility is connected with the second water outlet.
The beneficial effects of the utility model:
1) drainage system of the utility model includes regulate and store facility and online processing facility, and the facility of regulating and storing can be temporary When storage sanitary sewage and initial rainwater;The online processing facility can be handled middle and later periods rainwater;The draining system The use of system may be implemented dirty water and go out target discharge standard into-water purification.
2) drainage system of the utility model has many advantages, such as that floor space is small, powerful, uses a small amount of soil face What product can realize rainwater and sewage efficiently separates processing.The use of the drainage system is not limited by occasion, Ke Yishi For any bar pipe network in sewerage pipeline network.
3) control system is set in the drainage system of the utility model, is not necessarily to manual operation in use, passes through control Unit processed may be implemented the automatic adjustment of water conservancy switch, have the characteristics that flexible and changeable, reduces a large amount of manpower and materials.Tool For body, the drainage system of the utility model has the effect of intelligent drainage function, by control system to the water in the drainage system The reasonable discharge of water body is realized in the reasonable control of the aperture and associated component of profit switch, while ensure that flood passage is safe, most Big degree shuts off to facility of regulating and storing to dirty water or initial rainwater.
4) drainage system of the utility model is by reasonably controlling the discharge of dirty water, initial rainwater and middle and later periods rainwater on the way Diameter to greatest extent shuts off dirty water to facility of regulating and storing, draining into natural water compared with clean water.I.e. in rainfall, preferentially will Dirty water and initial rainwater are sent to facility storage of regulating and storing, and have little time being handled by online processing facility for processing, to ensure Only later stage cleaner rainwater is directly discharged to natural water;Pass through setting for integrated treatment facility and first treatment facility It sets, it is possible to reduce the number and spillway discharge that overflow occurs in rainfall, to reduce the pollution load of overflow of rainwater.
Description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the structural schematic diagram of the drainage system described in one preferred embodiment of the utility model;
Fig. 2 is the structural schematic diagram of the drainage system described in one preferred embodiment of the utility model;
Wherein, 1- water inlets;The first water outlets of 2-;The second water outlets of 3-;4- third water outlets;The second water conservancies of 5- switch; 6- third water conservancies switch;The 4th water conservancies of 7- switch;8- shunting well well bodies;9- regulates and stores facility;10- online processing facilities.
Specific implementation mode
[drainage system]
The first aspect of the utility model is to provide a kind of drainage system, and the drainage system includes shunting well, described Shunting well includes shunting well well body and four openings being set in the shunting well well body, is water inlet, the first water outlet respectively Mouth, the second water outlet and third water outlet;
The drainage system further includes the second water conservancy switch, third water conservancy switch and the 4th water conservancy switch;Wherein, close First water outlet is arranged the second water conservancy and switchs, for controlling the water amount by the first water outlet;Close to described the Two water outlets are arranged third water conservancy and switch, for controlling the water amount by the second water outlet;Wherein, close to the third Water outlet is arranged the 4th water conservancy and switchs, for controlling the water amount by third water outlet;
The drainage system further includes regulate and store facility and online processing facility, facility and the first water outlet phase of regulating and storing Even;The online processing facility is connected with the second water outlet.
In a preferred embodiment of the utility model, the drainage system further includes control system, the control System includes the first monitoring device, the second monitoring device and the control unit being connect with the two signal;Described control unit and the Two water conservancies switch, third water conservancy switch are connected with the 4th water conservancy switching signal;First monitoring device and the second monitoring device It is conveyed to control unit for monitoring signals and by the signal of monitoring, control unit controls the second water conservancy according to received signal and opens It closes, the aperture of third water conservancy switch and the 4th water conservancy switch.
In a preferred embodiment of the utility model, the arrival end of the facility of regulating and storing by pipeline or gallery with First water outlet is connected;The arrival end of the online processing facility is connected by online processing pipe with the second water outlet.
In a preferred embodiment of the utility model, the drainage system further includes outlet pipe;The third goes out The mouth of a river is connected by outlet pipe with the pipeline towards natural water.
In a preferred embodiment of the utility model, first monitoring device includes monitoring the dress of water body liquid level (such as can be liquid level sensor, liquid level gauge, liquid-level switch etc.) be set, the device for monitoring water quality (such as can be water quality Detector, online COD monitors, online TSS monitors, online BOD monitors, online TN monitors, online TP monitors, Line NH3- N monitors, online ammonia nitrogen monitor, electrode, conductivity meter etc.), the device for monitoring water body total amount (such as can be band Have the electronic headstock gear etc. of function of measuring), monitor the device (such as rainfall gauge) of rainfall, device (such as timer of monitoring time At least one of Deng).
In a preferred embodiment of the utility model, first monitoring device may be provided at according to type demand In shunting well well body or outside shunting well well body.For example, the device setting of the device and monitoring water quality of monitoring water body liquid level exists In shunting well well body, the device for monitoring rainfall is arranged outside shunting well well body, and the device of monitoring water body total amount is arranged in shunting well On water conservancy switch in well body, the device of monitoring time is arranged in shunting well well body or outside shunting well well body.
In a preferred embodiment of the utility model, second monitoring device includes monitoring the dress of water body liquid level It sets (such as can be liquid level sensor, liquid level gauge, liquid-level switch etc.).
In a preferred embodiment of the utility model, second monitoring device is arranged in facility of regulating and storing.
In a preferred embodiment of the utility model, it will be understood by those skilled in the art that the water inlet, One water outlet, the shape of the second water outlet and third water outlet and openings of sizes do not limit specifically, can with it is coupled Pipeline or the shape of gallery or the shape for the water conservancy switch being arranged with it match.Such as the water inlet, first go out The shape at the mouth of a river, the second water outlet and third water outlet is circle.
In a preferred embodiment of the utility model, it will be understood by those skilled in the art that the water inlet, One water outlet, the second water outlet and third water outlet putting in order in shunting well well body do not limit with arrangement mode, can With the region area and geopotentia that are arranged according to shunting well be reasonably arranged water inlet, the first water outlet, the second water outlet and The relative position of third water outlet.For example, the water inlet, the first water outlet, the second water outlet and the setting of third water outlet exist Shunting well well body side wall.
When the water inlet, the first water outlet, the second water outlet and third water outlet are arranged in shunting well well body side wall, It will be understood by those skilled in the art that the distance from bottom of the water inlet, the first water outlet, the second water outlet and third water outlet The height in shunting well shaft bottom is not particularly limited, such as the pipeline being connect with water inlet is in the position of high elevation, and water inlet can Any position on shunting well well body side wall is arranged;It is connect with the first water outlet, the second water outlet and third water outlet Pipeline is in the position of low-lying, and the first water outlet, the second water outlet and the setting of third water outlet are leaned in shunting well well body side wall The position of nearly shunting well well body bottom.The purpose for the arrangement is that in order to which water body will not be saved bit by bit in shunting well well body, preferably flow Downstream.
In a preferred embodiment of the utility model, it will be understood by those skilled in the art that the shunting well well The shape of body does not limit specifically, and the reasonable discharge to water body, such as the shape of the shunting well well body may be implemented It is rectangular or round.
In a preferred embodiment of the utility model, it will be understood by those skilled in the art that the facility of regulating and storing Quantity and arrangement in drainage system do not limit specifically, can be rational according to using the region area of the system to carry out Arrangement, such as can be the multiple facilities of regulating and storing of serial or parallel connection.The facility of regulating and storing can be that known in the art regulating and storing is set It applies, such as including storage pond, box culvert of regulating and storing, deep tunnel or shallow tunnel etc..
In a preferred embodiment of the utility model, it will be understood by those skilled in the art that the online processing The quantity of facility in systems and arrangement do not limit specifically, can be multiple online processing facilities of serial or parallel connection;Its Specific arrangement mode can be according to using the region area of the system reasonably to be arranged.The online processing facility can be Online processing facility known in the art, such as including biofilter, online processing pond, flocculation basin, inclined-plate clarifying basin, sand setting Pond or artificial swamp etc..
In a preferred embodiment of the utility model, the second water conservancy switch, third water conservancy switch and the 4th Water conservancy switch is separately selected from valve (ball valve, gate valve, knife gate valve, butterfly valve, lift rubber slab shut off check-valves etc.), lock Door (upper open type gate, bottom-open type gate etc.), weir gate (upper open type weir gate, bottom-open type weir gate, rotary weir gate etc.), flap valve (are cut Abortive lot door etc.) in one kind.
In a preferred embodiment of the utility model, maximum current limliting work(may be implemented in the second water conservancy switch Can, that is, ensure that the flow switched by second water conservancy does not exceed the flow value of setting.
In a preferred embodiment of the utility model, maximum current limliting work(may be implemented in the third water conservancy switch Can, that is, ensure that the flow switched by the third water conservancy does not exceed the flow value of setting.
[water discharge control method]
The utility model also provides the water discharge control method of above-mentioned drainage system comprising water level method, water quality method, water quality- Water level method, when m- water level method, total amount-water level method, at least one of rainfall-water level method.
[water level method]
The second aspect of the utility model is to provide a kind of water discharge control method of water level method control, the draining control Method is based on above-mentioned drainage system, and the drainage system includes control system, the first monitoring dress in the control system It sets the device including monitoring water body liquid level and is arranged in shunting well well body, the second monitoring device in the control system includes It monitors the device of water body liquid level and is arranged in facility of regulating and storing, the warning of shunting well is set in the control unit of the control system The highest reserve-water-level H3 of water level H2 and facility of regulating and storing;Described method includes following steps:
1a) water body enters shunting well from water inlet, and the device by monitoring water body liquid level is monitored in real time in shunting well well body Water body liquid level H;Device by monitoring water body liquid level monitors water body liquid level H ' in facility of regulating and storing in real time;
2a) work as H<When H2, if H '<H3, the second water conservancy switch are in open state, and third water conservancy switch is in closing shape State, the 4th water conservancy switch are in current floe condition;If H ' >=H3, the second water conservancy switch is closed, at third water conservancy switch In open state, the 4th water conservancy switch is in current floe condition;
4a) as H >=H2, if H '<H3, the second water conservancy switch are in open state, and third water conservancy switch is in opening state State, the 4th water conservancy switch are in open state;If H ' >=H3, the second water conservancy switch is closed, at third water conservancy switch In open state, the 4th water conservancy switch is in open state.
[water quality method]
It is to provide a kind of water discharge control method of water quality method control, the draining control in terms of the third of the utility model Method is based on above-mentioned drainage system, and the drainage system includes control system, the first monitoring dress in the control system It sets the device including monitoring water quality and is arranged in shunting well well body, the second monitoring device in the control system includes It monitors the device of water body liquid level and is arranged in facility of regulating and storing, pollutant concentration mark is set in the control unit of the control system The highest reserve-water-level H3 of quasi- value C1, pollutant concentration excessive value C2 and facility of regulating and storing;Described method includes following steps:
1b) water body enters shunting well from water inlet, water quality in the real-time monitoring well of device by monitoring water quality C;Device by monitoring water body liquid level monitors water body liquid level H ' in facility of regulating and storing in real time;
2b) as C >=C2, if H '<H3, the second water conservancy switch are in open state, and third water conservancy switch is in closing shape State, the 4th water conservancy switch are in current floe condition;If H ' >=H3, the second water conservancy switch is closed, at third water conservancy switch In open state, the 4th water conservancy switch is in current floe condition;
3b) work as C2>When C >=C1, the second water conservancy switch is closed, and third water conservancy switch is in open state, the Four water conservancies switch is in current floe condition;
4b) work as C<When C1, the second water conservancy switch is closed, and third water conservancy switch is in open state, the 4th water Profit switch is in open state.
[water level-water quality method]
4th aspect of the utility model is to provide a kind of water discharge control method of water level-water quality method control, the row Water controling method is based on above-mentioned drainage system, and the drainage system includes control system, first in the control system Monitoring device includes monitoring the device of water body liquid level and the device of monitoring water quality and being arranged in shunting well well body, described The second monitoring device in control system includes monitoring the device of water body liquid level and being arranged in facility of regulating and storing, in the control system Control unit in setting shunting well warning line H2, pollutant concentration standard value C1 and facility of regulating and storing highest reserve-water-level H3;Described method includes following steps:
1c) water body enters shunting well from water inlet, and the device by monitoring water body liquid level is monitored in real time in shunting well well body Water body liquid level H passes through water quality C in the real-time monitoring well of device of monitoring water quality;By monitoring water body liquid level Device monitors water body liquid level H ' in facility of regulating and storing in real time;
2c) as H >=H2 and C >=C1, if H '<H3, the second water conservancy switch are in open state, and third water conservancy switch is in Open state, the 4th water conservancy switch are in open state;If H ' >=H3, the second water conservancy switch is closed, third water conservancy Switch is in open state, and the 4th water conservancy switch is in open state;
3c) as H >=H2 and C<When C1, the second water conservancy switch is closed, and third water conservancy switch is in open state, 4th water conservancy switch is in open state;
4c) work as H<H2 and when C >=C1, if H '<H3, the second water conservancy switch are in open state, and third water conservancy switch is in Closed state, the 4th water conservancy switch are in current floe condition;If H ' >=H3, the second water conservancy switch is closed, third water conservancy Switch is in open state, and the 4th water conservancy switch is in current floe condition;
5c) work as H<H2 and C<When C1, the second water conservancy switch is closed, and third water conservancy switch is in open state, 4th water conservancy switch is in current floe condition.
[total amount-water level method]
5th aspect of the utility model is to provide a kind of water discharge control method of total amount-water level method control, the row Water controling method is based on above-mentioned drainage system, and the drainage system includes control system, first in the control system Monitoring device includes monitoring the device of water body total amount and being arranged in shunting well well body on the second water conservancy switch, the control system In the first monitoring device further include monitor water body liquid level device and be arranged in shunting well well body, in the control system Second monitoring device includes monitoring the device of water body liquid level and being arranged in facility of regulating and storing, in the control unit of the control system Setting shunting well needs the standard shut off just rain total amount Q1, the warning line H2 of shunting well and the highest reserve-water-level for facility of regulating and storing H3;Described method includes following steps:
1e) when the rainy day, water body enters shunting well from water inlet, and the device by monitoring water body liquid level monitors shunting well in real time Water body liquid level H in well body, by the device water body total amount that monitoring is switched by the second water conservancy in real time for monitoring water body total amount Q;Device by monitoring water body liquid level monitors water body liquid level H ' in facility of regulating and storing in real time;
2e) as H >=H2 and Q<When Q1, if H '<H3, the second water conservancy switch are in open state, and third water conservancy switch is in Open state, the 4th water conservancy switch are in open state;If H ' >=H3, the second water conservancy switch is closed, third water conservancy Switch is in open state, and the 4th water conservancy switch is in open state;
3e) as H >=H2 and Q >=Q1, the second water conservancy switch is closed, and third water conservancy switch is in opening state State, the 4th water conservancy switch are in open state;
4e) work as H<H2 and Q<When Q1, if H '<H3, the second water conservancy switch are in open state, and third water conservancy switch is in pass Closed state, the 4th water conservancy switch are in current floe condition;If H ' >=H3, the second water conservancy switch is closed, and third water conservancy is opened It closes and is in open state, the 4th water conservancy switch is in current floe condition;
5e) work as H<H2 and when Q >=Q1, the second water conservancy switch is closed, and third water conservancy switch is in open state, 4th water conservancy switch is in current floe condition.
In a preferred embodiment of the utility model, the method further includes following steps:
6e) when fine day, water body enters shunting well from water inlet, and the second water conservancy switch is in open state, and third water conservancy is opened Pass is closed, and the 4th water conservancy switch is in current floe condition.
[rainfall-water level method]
6th aspect of the utility model is to provide a kind of water discharge control method of rainfall-water level method control, the row Water controling method is based on above-mentioned drainage system, and the drainage system includes control system, first in the control system Monitoring device includes monitoring the device of rainfall and being arranged outside shunting well well body, and the first monitoring device in the control system is also Including monitoring the device of water body liquid level and being arranged in shunting well well body, the second monitoring device in the control system includes prison It surveys the device of water body liquid level and is arranged in facility of regulating and storing, shunting well needs are set in the control unit of the control system and are shut off Standard just rain rainfall L1, the warning line H2 of shunting well and the highest reserve-water-level H3 for facility of regulating and storing;The method includes such as Lower step:
1g) water body enters shunting well from water inlet, by the first rain rainfall L of device monitoring in real time for monitoring rainfall;
It is at this time fine day 2g) as L=0, the second water conservancy switch is in open state, and third water conservancy switch is in closing State, the 4th water conservancy switch are in current floe condition;
3g) work as L>It it is at this time the rainy day when 0, the device by monitoring water body liquid level monitors water body in shunting well well body in real time Liquid level H;Device by monitoring water body liquid level monitors water body liquid level H ' in facility of regulating and storing in real time;
4g) as H >=H2 and 0<L<When L1, if H '<H3, the second water conservancy switch is at open state, third water conservancy switch In open state, the 4th water conservancy switch is in open state;If H ' >=H3, the second water conservancy switch is closed, third water Profit switch is in open state, and the 4th water conservancy switch is in open state;
5g) as H >=H2 and L >=L1, the second water conservancy switch is closed, and third water conservancy switch is in opening state State, the 4th water conservancy switch are in open state;
6g) work as H<H2 and 0<L<When L1, if H '<H3, the second water conservancy switch are in open state, and third water conservancy switch is in Closed state, the 4th water conservancy switch are in current floe condition;If H ' >=H3, the second water conservancy switch is closed, third water conservancy Switch is in open state, and the 4th water conservancy switch is in current floe condition;
7g) work as H<H2 and when L >=L1, the second water conservancy switch is closed, and third water conservancy switch is in open state, 4th water conservancy switch is in current floe condition.
[when m- water level method]
The water discharge control method of 7th aspect of the utility model m- water level method control when being to provide a kind of, the row Water controling method is based on above-mentioned drainage system, and the drainage system includes control system, first in the control system Monitoring device includes the device of monitoring time and is arranged in shunting well well body or outside shunting well well body, in the control system First monitoring device further includes monitoring the device of water body liquid level and being arranged in shunting well well body, second in the control system Monitoring device includes monitoring the device of water body liquid level and being arranged in facility of regulating and storing, and is set in the control unit of the control system The highest reserve-water-level H3 of standard time T1, the warning line H2 of shunting well and facility of regulating and storing;Described method includes following steps:
1i) when fine day, water body enters shunting well from water inlet, and the second water conservancy switch is in open state, and third water conservancy is opened Pass is closed, and the 4th water conservancy switch is in current floe condition;
2i) when the rainy day, water body enters shunting well from water inlet, and the device by monitoring water body liquid level monitors shunting well in real time Water body liquid level H in well body monitors rain time T in real time by the device of monitoring time;By the dress for monitoring water body liquid level It sets and monitors water body liquid level H ' in facility of regulating and storing in real time;
3i) as H >=H2 and T<When T1, if H '<H3, the second water conservancy switch are in open state, and third water conservancy switch is in Open state, the 4th water conservancy switch are in open state;If H ' >=H3, the second water conservancy switch is closed, third water conservancy Switch is in open state, and the 4th water conservancy switch is in open state;
4i) as H >=H2 and T >=T1, the second water conservancy switch is closed, and third water conservancy switch is in opening state State, the 4th water conservancy switch are in open state;
5i) work as H<H2 and T<When T1, if H '<H3, the second water conservancy switch are in open state, and third water conservancy switch is in pass Closed state, the 4th water conservancy switch are in current floe condition;If H ' >=H3, the second water conservancy switch is closed, and third water conservancy is opened It closes and is in open state, the 4th water conservancy switch is in current floe condition;
6i) work as H<H2 and when T >=T1, the second water conservancy switch is closed, and third water conservancy switch is in open state, 4th water conservancy switch is in current floe condition.
[the specific restriction of the above method]
In a preferred embodiment of the utility model, existed to topography minimum point in receivable water area according to shunting well Height when ponding risk occurs sets the warning line H2 of shunting well in the control unit of the control system.
In a preferred embodiment of the utility model, according to the carrying capacity of the facility of regulating and storing in the control system Control unit in set the highest reserve-water-level H3 of the facility of regulating and storing.
In a preferred embodiment of the utility model, it is described monitoring water body liquid level device be liquid level sensor, Liquid level gauge, liquid-level switch etc..
In a preferred embodiment of the utility model, according to the environmental carrying capacity for the natural water being discharged into and entrance The water quality of shunting well sets pollutant concentration standard value C1 in the control unit of the control system.
In a preferred embodiment of the utility model, according to the environmental carrying capacity for the natural water being discharged into and entrance The highest pollutant concentration that the water quality and online processing facility of shunting well can be handled sets pollution in the control unit Object concentration over-standard value C2.
In a preferred embodiment of the utility model, it is described monitoring water quality device be Water quality detector, Online COD monitors, online ammonia nitrogen monitor, online TSS monitors, online BOD monitors, online NH3It is-N monitors, online TP monitors, online TN monitors, electrode, conductivity meter etc., monitoring be in shunting well well body in water body pollutant it is dense Degree, the pollutant includes TSS, COD, BOD, NH3One or more of-N, TN or TP.
In a preferred embodiment of the utility model, the Water quality detector can be using electrode method, UV light Method, optical scattering method etc. realize the detection to water quality.
In a preferred embodiment of the utility model, the environmental carrying capacity for the natural water that the shunting well is discharged into Can be natural water such as rivers,lakes and seas;When the environmental carrying capacity of the natural water is larger (such as ocean), pollutant concentration standard Value C1 can be properly increased;When the environmental carrying capacity of the natural water is smaller (such as lake), pollutant concentration standard value C1 can be with It is appropriate to reduce.It is such as middle and later periods rainwater, pollutant concentration standard value C1 can when the water quality into shunting well is preferable Suitably to reduce;Such as it is sanitary sewage and/or initial rainwater, pollutant when the water quality into shunting well is poor Concentration standard value C1 needs to improve.Pollution the purpose is to reduction as few as possible to natural water.
In a preferred embodiment of the utility model, it is former that pollutant concentration excessive value C2 is also suitable above-mentioned setting Then, on this basis, in the concentration that the established standards of the pollutant concentration excessive value C2 can also be handled with online processing facility It limits related, is generally not more than the upper limit of concentration that online processing facility can be handled.
In a preferred embodiment of the utility model, according to shunting well to required collection in receivable water area First rain total amount sets shunting well in the control unit of the control system and needs rain total amount Q1 at the beginning of the standard shut off.
In a preferred embodiment of the utility model, the device of the monitoring water body total amount is selected from metering work( The electronic headstock gear of energy.
In a preferred embodiment of the utility model, according to shunting well to required collection in receivable water area First rain millimeter sets shunting well in the control unit of the control system and needs rain rainfall L1 at the beginning of the standard shut off.
In a preferred embodiment of the utility model, the device of the monitoring rainfall is rainfall gauge.
In a preferred embodiment of the utility model, according to the rain time of initial rainwater and shunting well to receivable Initial rainwater whole diameter flows to shunting well required time established standards in the control unit of the control system in water area Time T1.
In a preferred embodiment of the utility model, the device of the monitoring time is timer.
In a preferred embodiment of the utility model, the second water conservancy switch and third water conservancy switch can be real Existing maximum current-limiting function refers to being less than or equal to the max-flow of setting by the flow value that the water conservancy switchs in open state Magnitude, this can adjust the aperture of the water conservancy switch to realize by the control unit in control system.
In a preferred embodiment of the utility model, the 4th water conservancy switch refers to water body in open state It can be switched by the water conservancy and flow to natural water.
In a preferred embodiment of the utility model, the 4th water conservancy switch refers to adjusting in current floe condition The aperture of 4th water conservancy switch, ensures that water body shuts off in the upstream end that the water conservancy switchs, and cannot be switched and be flowed by the water conservancy To natural water.
In a preferred embodiment of the utility model, it refers to by described that the water conservancy switch, which is closed, The flow value of the water body of water conservancy switch is zero.
With reference to specific embodiment, the utility model is expanded on further.It should be understood that these embodiments are merely to illustrate this Utility model rather than limitation the scope of the utility model.Furthermore, it is to be understood that having read in recorded in the utility model After appearance, those skilled in the art can make various changes or modifications the utility model, and such equivalent forms equally fall within this Utility model limited range.
In the description of the present invention, it should be noted that term " first ", " second ", " third " and " the 4th " only For descriptive purposes, not for instruction or relative importance is implied.
Embodiment 1
As depicted in figs. 1 and 2, the utility model provides a kind of drainage system, and the drainage system includes shunting well, described Shunting well includes shunting well well body 8 and be set in the shunting well well body four openings, is water inlet 1 respectively, first goes out The mouth of a river 2, the second water outlet 3 and third water outlet 4;
The drainage system further includes the second water conservancy switch 5, third water conservancy switch 6 and the 4th water conservancy switch 7;Wherein, exist The second water conservancy switch 5 is set close to first water outlet, for controlling the water amount by the first water outlet;Close to institute The second water outlet setting third water conservancy switch 6 is stated, for controlling the water amount by the second water outlet;Wherein, close to institute It states third water outlet and the 4th water conservancy switch 7 is set, for controlling the water amount by third water outlet;
The drainage system further includes regulate and store facility 9 and online processing facility 10, facility and first water outlet of regulating and storing It is connected;The online processing facility is connected with the second water outlet.
In a preferred embodiment of the utility model, the drainage system further includes control system, the control System includes the first monitoring device, the second monitoring device and the control unit being connect with the two signal;Described control unit and the Two water conservancies switch, third water conservancy switch are connected with the 4th water conservancy switching signal;First monitoring device and the second monitoring device It is conveyed to control unit for monitoring signals and by the signal of monitoring, control unit controls the second water conservancy according to received signal and opens It closes, the aperture of third water conservancy switch and the 4th water conservancy switch.
In a preferred embodiment of the utility model, the arrival end of the facility of regulating and storing by pipeline or gallery with First water outlet is connected;The arrival end of the online processing facility is connected by online processing pipe with the second water outlet.
In a preferred embodiment of the utility model, the drainage system further includes outlet pipe;The third goes out The mouth of a river is connected by outlet pipe with the pipeline towards natural water.
In a preferred embodiment of the utility model, first monitoring device includes monitoring the dress of water body liquid level (such as can be liquid level sensor, liquid level gauge, liquid-level switch etc.) be set, the device for monitoring water quality (such as can be water quality Detector, online COD monitors, online TSS monitors, online BOD monitors, online TN monitors, online TP monitors, Line NH3- N monitors, online ammonia nitrogen monitor, electrode, conductivity meter etc.), the device for monitoring water body total amount (such as can be band Have the electronic headstock gear etc. of function of measuring), monitor the device (such as rainfall gauge) of rainfall, device (such as timer of monitoring time At least one of Deng).First monitoring device may be provided in shunting well well body according to type demand or shunting well well body Outside.For example, the device of monitoring water body liquid level and the device of monitoring water quality are arranged in shunting well well body, the dress of rainfall is monitored It installs outside shunting well well body, the device of monitoring water body total amount is arranged on the switch of the water conservancy in shunting well well body, when monitoring Between device be arranged in shunting well well body or outside shunting well well body.
In a preferred embodiment of the utility model, second monitoring device includes monitoring the dress of water body liquid level It sets (such as can be liquid level sensor, liquid level gauge, liquid-level switch etc.).Second monitoring device is arranged in facility of regulating and storing.
In a preferred embodiment of the utility model, it will be understood by those skilled in the art that the water inlet, One water outlet, the shape of the second water outlet and third water outlet and openings of sizes do not limit specifically, can with it is coupled Pipeline or the shape of gallery or the shape for the water conservancy switch being arranged with it match.Such as the water inlet, first go out The shape at the mouth of a river, the second water outlet and third water outlet is circle.
In a preferred embodiment of the utility model, it will be understood by those skilled in the art that the water inlet, One water outlet, the second water outlet and third water outlet putting in order in shunting well well body do not limit with arrangement mode, can With the region area and geopotentia that are arranged according to shunting well be reasonably arranged water inlet, the first water outlet, the second water outlet and The relative position of third water outlet.For example, the water inlet, the first water outlet, the second water outlet and the setting of third water outlet exist Shunting well well body side wall.
When the water inlet, the first water outlet, the second water outlet and third water outlet are arranged in shunting well well body side wall, It will be understood by those skilled in the art that the distance from bottom of the water inlet, the first water outlet, the second water outlet and third water outlet The height in shunting well shaft bottom is not particularly limited, such as the pipeline being connect with water inlet is in the position of high elevation, and water inlet can Any position on shunting well well body side wall is arranged;It is connect with the first water outlet, the second water outlet and third water outlet Pipeline is in the position of low-lying, and the first water outlet, the second water outlet and the setting of third water outlet are leaned in shunting well well body side wall The position of nearly shunting well well body bottom.The purpose for the arrangement is that in order to which water body will not be saved bit by bit in shunting well well body, preferably flow Downstream.
In a preferred embodiment of the utility model, it will be understood by those skilled in the art that the shunting well well The shape of body does not limit specifically, and the reasonable discharge to water body, such as the shape of the shunting well well body may be implemented It is rectangular or round.
In a preferred embodiment of the utility model, it will be understood by those skilled in the art that the facility of regulating and storing Quantity and arrangement in drainage system do not limit specifically, can be rational according to using the region area of the system to carry out Arrangement, such as can be the multiple facilities of regulating and storing of serial or parallel connection.The facility of regulating and storing can be that known in the art regulating and storing is set It applies, such as including storage pond, box culvert of regulating and storing, deep tunnel or shallow tunnel etc..
In a preferred embodiment of the utility model, it will be understood by those skilled in the art that the online processing The quantity of facility in systems and arrangement do not limit specifically, can be multiple online processing facilities of serial or parallel connection;Its Specific arrangement mode can be according to using the region area of the system reasonably to be arranged.The online processing facility can be Online processing facility known in the art, such as including biofilter, online processing pond, flocculation basin, inclined-plate clarifying basin, sand setting Pond or artificial swamp etc..
In a preferred embodiment of the utility model, the second water conservancy switch, third water conservancy switch and the 4th Water conservancy switch is separately selected from valve (ball valve, gate valve, knife gate valve, butterfly valve, lift rubber slab shut off check-valves etc.), lock Door (upper open type gate, bottom-open type gate etc.), weir gate (upper open type weir gate, bottom-open type weir gate, rotary weir gate etc.), flap valve (are cut Abortive lot door etc.) in one kind.
In a preferred embodiment of the utility model, maximum current limliting work(may be implemented in the second water conservancy switch Can, that is, ensure that the flow switched by second water conservancy does not exceed the flow value of setting.
In a preferred embodiment of the utility model, maximum current limliting work(may be implemented in the third water conservancy switch Can, that is, ensure that the flow switched by the third water conservancy does not exceed the flow value of setting.
Embodiment 2
The present embodiment is to provide a kind of water discharge control method of water level method control, and the water discharge control method is based on implementation Drainage system described in example 1, the drainage system include control system, and the first monitoring device in the control system includes prison It surveys the device of water body liquid level and is arranged in shunting well well body, the second monitoring device in the control system includes monitoring water body The device of liquid level and be arranged in facility of regulating and storing, set in the control unit of the control system shunting well warning line H2 and Regulate and store the highest reserve-water-level H3 of facility;Described method includes following steps:
1a) water body enters shunting well from water inlet, and the device by monitoring water body liquid level is monitored in real time in shunting well well body Water body liquid level H;Device by monitoring water body liquid level monitors water body liquid level H ' in facility of regulating and storing in real time;
2a) work as H<When H2, if H '<H3, the second water conservancy switch are in open state, and third water conservancy switch is in closing shape State, the 4th water conservancy switch are in current floe condition;If H ' >=H3, the second water conservancy switch is closed, at third water conservancy switch In open state, the 4th water conservancy switch is in current floe condition;
4a) as H >=H2, if H '<H3, the second water conservancy switch are in open state, and third water conservancy switch is in opening state State, the 4th water conservancy switch are in open state;If H ' >=H3, the second water conservancy switch is closed, at third water conservancy switch In open state, the 4th water conservancy switch is in open state.
In a preferred embodiment of the utility model, existed to topography minimum point in receivable water area according to shunting well Height when ponding risk occurs sets the warning line H2 of shunting well in the control unit of the control system.
In a preferred embodiment of the utility model, according to the carrying capacity of the facility of regulating and storing in the control system Control unit in set the highest reserve-water-level H3 of the facility of regulating and storing.
In a preferred embodiment of the utility model, it is described monitoring water body liquid level device be liquid level sensor, Liquid level gauge, liquid-level switch etc..
Embodiment 3
The present embodiment is to provide a kind of water discharge control method of water quality method control, and the water discharge control method is based on implementation Drainage system described in example 1, the drainage system include control system, and the first monitoring device in the control system includes prison It surveys the device of water quality and is arranged in shunting well well body, the second monitoring device in the control system includes monitoring water body The device of liquid level and be arranged in facility of regulating and storing, set in the control unit of the control system pollutant concentration standard value C1, The highest reserve-water-level H3 of pollutant concentration excessive value C2 and facility of regulating and storing;Described method includes following steps:
1b) water body enters shunting well from water inlet, water quality in the real-time monitoring well of device by monitoring water quality C;Device by monitoring water body liquid level monitors water body liquid level H ' in facility of regulating and storing in real time;
2b) as C >=C2, if H '<H3, the second water conservancy switch are in open state, and third water conservancy switch is in closing shape State, the 4th water conservancy switch are in current floe condition;If H ' >=H3, the second water conservancy switch is closed, at third water conservancy switch In open state, the 4th water conservancy switch is in current floe condition;
3b) work as C2>When C >=C1, the second water conservancy switch is closed, and third water conservancy switch is in open state, the Four water conservancies switch is in current floe condition;
4b) work as C<When C1, the second water conservancy switch is closed, and third water conservancy switch is in open state, the 4th water Profit switch is in open state.
In a preferred embodiment of the utility model, according to the environmental carrying capacity for the natural water being discharged into and entrance The water quality of shunting well sets pollutant concentration standard value C1 in the control unit of the control system.
In a preferred embodiment of the utility model, according to the environmental carrying capacity for the natural water being discharged into and entrance The highest pollutant concentration that the water quality and online processing facility of shunting well can be handled sets pollution in the control unit Object concentration over-standard value C2.
In a preferred embodiment of the utility model, it is described monitoring water quality device be Water quality detector, Online COD monitors, online ammonia nitrogen monitor, online TSS monitors, online BOD monitors, online NH3It is-N monitors, online TP monitors, online TN monitors, electrode, conductivity meter etc., monitoring be in shunting well well body in water body pollutant it is dense Degree, the pollutant includes TSS, COD, BOD, NH3One or more of-N, TN or TP.The Water quality detector can be Detection to water quality is realized using electrode method, UV optical methods, optical scattering method etc..
In a preferred embodiment of the utility model, according to the carrying capacity of the facility of regulating and storing in the control system Control unit in set the highest reserve-water-level H3 of the facility of regulating and storing.
In a preferred embodiment of the utility model, it is described monitoring water body liquid level device be liquid level sensor, Liquid level gauge, liquid-level switch etc..
Embodiment 4
The present embodiment is to provide a kind of water discharge control method of water level-water quality method control, and the water discharge control method is base In drainage system described in embodiment 1, the drainage system includes control system, the first monitoring device in the control system Including monitoring the device of water body liquid level and the device of monitoring water quality and being arranged in shunting well well body, the control system In the second monitoring device include monitor water body liquid level device and be arranged in facility of regulating and storing, in the control list of the control system The highest reserve-water-level H3 of warning line H2, the pollutant concentration standard value C1 and facility of regulating and storing of shunting well are set in member;It is described Method includes the following steps:
1c) water body enters shunting well from water inlet, and the device by monitoring water body liquid level is monitored in real time in shunting well well body Water body liquid level H passes through water quality C in the real-time monitoring well of device of monitoring water quality;By monitoring water body liquid level Device monitors water body liquid level H ' in facility of regulating and storing in real time;
2c) as H >=H2 and C >=C1, if H '<H3, the second water conservancy switch are in open state, and third water conservancy switch is in Open state, the 4th water conservancy switch are in open state;If H ' >=H3, the second water conservancy switch is closed, third water conservancy Switch is in open state, and the 4th water conservancy switch is in open state;
3c) as H >=H2 and C<When C1, the second water conservancy switch is closed, and third water conservancy switch is in open state, 4th water conservancy switch is in open state;
4c) work as H<H2 and when C >=C1, if H '<H3, the second water conservancy switch are in open state, and third water conservancy switch is in Closed state, the 4th water conservancy switch are in current floe condition;If H ' >=H3, the second water conservancy switch is closed, third water conservancy Switch is in open state, and the 4th water conservancy switch is in current floe condition;
5c) work as H<H2 and C<When C1, the second water conservancy switch is closed, and third water conservancy switch is in open state, 4th water conservancy switch is in current floe condition.
In a preferred embodiment of the utility model, existed to topography minimum point in receivable water area according to shunting well Height when ponding risk occurs sets the warning line H2 of shunting well in the control unit of the control system.
In a preferred embodiment of the utility model, according to the carrying capacity of the facility of regulating and storing in the control system Control unit in set the highest reserve-water-level H3 of the facility of regulating and storing.
In a preferred embodiment of the utility model, it is described monitoring water body liquid level device be liquid level sensor, Liquid level gauge, liquid-level switch etc..
In a preferred embodiment of the utility model, according to the environmental carrying capacity for the natural water being discharged into and entrance The water quality of shunting well sets pollutant concentration standard value C1 in the control unit of the control system.
In a preferred embodiment of the utility model, according to the environmental carrying capacity for the natural water being discharged into and entrance The highest pollutant concentration that the water quality and online processing facility of shunting well can be handled sets pollution in the control unit Object concentration over-standard value C2.
In a preferred embodiment of the utility model, it is described monitoring water quality device be Water quality detector, Online COD monitors, online ammonia nitrogen monitor, online TSS monitors, online BOD monitors, online NH3It is-N monitors, online TP monitors, online TN monitors, electrode, conductivity meter etc., monitoring be in shunting well well body in water body pollutant it is dense Degree, the pollutant includes TSS, COD, BOD, NH3One or more of-N, TN or TP.The Water quality detector can be Detection to water quality is realized using electrode method, UV optical methods, optical scattering method etc..
Embodiment 5
The present embodiment is to provide a kind of water discharge control method of total amount-water level method control, and the water discharge control method is base In drainage system described in embodiment 1, the drainage system includes control system, the first monitoring device in the control system Including monitoring the device of water body total amount and being arranged in shunting well well body on the second water conservancy switch, first in the control system Monitoring device further includes monitoring the device of water body liquid level and being arranged in shunting well well body, the second monitoring in the control system Device includes monitoring the device of water body liquid level and being arranged in facility of regulating and storing, and shunting is set in the control unit of the control system Well needs the standard shut off just rain total amount Q1, the warning line H2 of shunting well and the highest reserve-water-level H3 for facility of regulating and storing;It is described Method includes the following steps:
1e) when the rainy day, water body enters shunting well from water inlet, and the device by monitoring water body liquid level monitors shunting well in real time Water body liquid level H in well body, by the device water body total amount that monitoring is switched by the second water conservancy in real time for monitoring water body total amount Q;Device by monitoring water body liquid level monitors water body liquid level H ' in facility of regulating and storing in real time;
2e) as H >=H2 and Q<When Q1, if H '<H3, the second water conservancy switch are in open state, and third water conservancy switch is in Open state, the 4th water conservancy switch are in open state;If H ' >=H3, the second water conservancy switch is closed, third water conservancy Switch is in open state, and the 4th water conservancy switch is in open state;
3e) as H >=H2 and Q >=Q1, the second water conservancy switch is closed, and third water conservancy switch is in opening state State, the 4th water conservancy switch are in open state;
4e) work as H<H2 and Q<When Q1, if H '<H3, the second water conservancy switch are in open state, and third water conservancy switch is in pass Closed state, the 4th water conservancy switch are in current floe condition;If H ' >=H3, the second water conservancy switch is closed, and third water conservancy is opened It closes and is in open state, the 4th water conservancy switch is in current floe condition;
5e) work as H<H2 and when Q >=Q1, the second water conservancy switch is closed, and third water conservancy switch is in open state, 4th water conservancy switch is in current floe condition.
In a preferred embodiment of the utility model, the method further includes following steps:
6e) when fine day, water body enters shunting well from water inlet, and the second water conservancy switch is in open state, and third water conservancy is opened Pass is closed, and the 4th water conservancy switch is in current floe condition.
In a preferred embodiment of the utility model, existed to topography minimum point in receivable water area according to shunting well Height when ponding risk occurs sets the warning line H2 of shunting well in the control unit of the control system.
In a preferred embodiment of the utility model, according to the carrying capacity of the facility of regulating and storing in the control system Control unit in set the highest reserve-water-level H3 of the facility of regulating and storing.
In a preferred embodiment of the utility model, it is described monitoring water body liquid level device be liquid level sensor, Liquid level gauge, liquid-level switch etc..
In a preferred embodiment of the utility model, according to shunting well to required collection in receivable water area First rain total amount sets shunting well in the control unit of the control system and needs rain total amount Q1 at the beginning of the standard shut off.
In a preferred embodiment of the utility model, the device of the monitoring water body total amount is selected from metering work( The electronic headstock gear of energy.
Embodiment 6
The present embodiment is to provide a kind of water discharge control method of rainfall-water level method control, and the water discharge control method is base In drainage system described in embodiment 1, the drainage system includes control system, the first monitoring device in the control system Including monitoring the device of rainfall and being arranged outside shunting well well body, the first monitoring device in the control system further includes monitoring The device of water body liquid level and it is arranged in shunting well well body, the second monitoring device in the control system includes monitoring water body liquid The device of position and it is arranged in facility of regulating and storing, is set in the control unit of the control system at the beginning of shunting well needs the standard shut off The highest reserve-water-level H3 of rain rainfall L1, the warning line H2 of shunting well and facility of regulating and storing;Described method includes following steps:
1g) water body enters shunting well from water inlet, by the first rain rainfall L of device monitoring in real time for monitoring rainfall;
It is at this time fine day 2g) as L=0, the second water conservancy switch is in open state, and third water conservancy switch is in closing State, the 4th water conservancy switch are in current floe condition;
3g) work as L>It it is at this time the rainy day when 0, the device by monitoring water body liquid level monitors water body in shunting well well body in real time Liquid level H;Device by monitoring water body liquid level monitors water body liquid level H ' in facility of regulating and storing in real time;
4g) as H >=H2 and 0<L<When L1, if H '<H3, the second water conservancy switch is at open state, third water conservancy switch In open state, the 4th water conservancy switch is in open state;If H ' >=H3, the second water conservancy switch is closed, third water Profit switch is in open state, and the 4th water conservancy switch is in open state;
5g) as H >=H2 and L >=L1, the second water conservancy switch is closed, and third water conservancy switch is in opening state State, the 4th water conservancy switch are in open state;
6g) work as H<H2 and 0<L<When L1, if H '<H3, the second water conservancy switch are in open state, and third water conservancy switch is in Closed state, the 4th water conservancy switch are in current floe condition;If H ' >=H3, the second water conservancy switch is closed, third water conservancy Switch is in open state, and the 4th water conservancy switch is in current floe condition;
7g) work as H<H2 and when L >=L1, the second water conservancy switch is closed, and third water conservancy switch is in open state, 4th water conservancy switch is in current floe condition.
In a preferred embodiment of the utility model, existed to topography minimum point in receivable water area according to shunting well Height when ponding risk occurs sets the warning line H2 of shunting well in the control unit of the control system.
In a preferred embodiment of the utility model, according to the carrying capacity of the facility of regulating and storing in the control system Control unit in set the highest reserve-water-level H3 of the facility of regulating and storing.
In a preferred embodiment of the utility model, it is described monitoring water body liquid level device be liquid level sensor, Liquid level gauge, liquid-level switch etc..
In a preferred embodiment of the utility model, according to shunting well to required collection in receivable water area First rain millimeter sets shunting well in the control unit of the control system and needs rain rainfall L1 at the beginning of the standard shut off.
In a preferred embodiment of the utility model, the device of the monitoring rainfall is rainfall gauge.
Embodiment 7
The water discharge control method of m- water level method control when the present embodiment is to provide a kind of, the water discharge control method is base In drainage system described in embodiment 1, the drainage system includes control system, the first monitoring device in the control system Device including monitoring time and setting in shunting well well body or outside shunting well well body, in the control system first monitoring Device further includes monitoring the device of water body liquid level and being arranged in shunting well well body, the second monitoring device in the control system Including monitoring the device of water body liquid level and being arranged in facility of regulating and storing, the established standards time in the control unit of the control system The highest reserve-water-level H3 of T1, the warning line H2 of shunting well and facility of regulating and storing;Described method includes following steps:
1i) when fine day, water body enters shunting well from water inlet, and the second water conservancy switch is in open state, and third water conservancy is opened Pass is closed, and the 4th water conservancy switch is in current floe condition;
2i) when the rainy day, water body enters shunting well from water inlet, and the device by monitoring water body liquid level monitors shunting well in real time Water body liquid level H in well body monitors rain time T in real time by the device of monitoring time;By the dress for monitoring water body liquid level It sets and monitors water body liquid level H ' in facility of regulating and storing in real time;
3i) as H >=H2 and T<When T1, if H '<H3, the second water conservancy switch are in open state, and third water conservancy switch is in Open state, the 4th water conservancy switch are in open state;If H ' >=H3, the second water conservancy switch is closed, third water conservancy Switch is in open state, and the 4th water conservancy switch is in open state;
4i) as H >=H2 and T >=T1, the second water conservancy switch is closed, and third water conservancy switch is in opening state State, the 4th water conservancy switch are in open state;
5i) work as H<H2 and T<When T1, if H '<H3, the second water conservancy switch are in open state, and third water conservancy switch is in pass Closed state, the 4th water conservancy switch are in current floe condition;If H ' >=H3, the second water conservancy switch is closed, and third water conservancy is opened It closes and is in open state, the 4th water conservancy switch is in current floe condition;
6i) work as H<H2 and when T >=T1, the second water conservancy switch is closed, and third water conservancy switch is in open state, 4th water conservancy switch is in current floe condition.
In a preferred embodiment of the utility model, existed to topography minimum point in receivable water area according to shunting well Height when ponding risk occurs sets the warning line H2 of shunting well in the control unit of the control system.
In a preferred embodiment of the utility model, according to the carrying capacity of the facility of regulating and storing in the control system Control unit in set the highest reserve-water-level H3 of the facility of regulating and storing.
In a preferred embodiment of the utility model, it is described monitoring water body liquid level device be liquid level sensor, Liquid level gauge, liquid-level switch etc..
In a preferred embodiment of the utility model, according to the rain time of initial rainwater and shunting well to receivable Initial rainwater whole diameter flows to shunting well required time established standards in the control unit of the control system in water area Time T1.
In a preferred embodiment of the utility model, the device of the monitoring time is timer.
In above-described embodiment 2-7, maximum current-limiting function may be implemented in the second water conservancy switch and third water conservancy switch, Refer to being less than or equal to the peak flow values of setting by the flow value that the water conservancy switchs in open state, this can pass through control Control unit in system processed adjusts the aperture of the water conservancy switch to realize.
In above-described embodiment 2-7, the 4th water conservancy switch refers to that water body can be by the water conservancy in open state Switch flows to natural water.
In above-described embodiment 2-7, the 4th water conservancy switch refers to adjusting opening for the 4th water conservancy switch in current floe condition Degree, ensures that water body shuts off in the upstream end that the water conservancy switchs, and cannot be switched by the water conservancy and flow to natural water.
In above-described embodiment 2-7, it refers to the water body switched by the water conservancy that the water conservancy switch, which is closed, Flow value is zero.
More than, the embodiment of the utility model is illustrated.But the utility model is not limited to above-mentioned implementation Mode.Within the spirit and principle of the utility model, any modification, equivalent substitution, improvement and etc. done, should be included in Within the scope of protection of the utility model.

Claims (15)

1. a kind of drainage system, which is characterized in that the drainage system is switched by shunting well, the second water conservancy switch, third water conservancy With the 4th water conservancy switch, outlet pipe, regulate and store facility and online processing facility composition, the shunting well include shunting well well body and setting Four openings being placed in the shunting well well body are water inlet, the first water outlet, the second water outlet and third water outlet respectively Mouthful;
It is switched the second water conservancy is arranged close to first water outlet, for controlling the water amount by the first water outlet; It is switched close to second water outlet setting third water conservancy, for controlling the water amount by the second water outlet;Wherein, by The nearly third water outlet is arranged the 4th water conservancy and switchs, for controlling the water amount by third water outlet;
The facility of regulating and storing is connected with the first water outlet;The online processing facility is connected with the second water outlet;The third goes out The mouth of a river is connected by outlet pipe with the pipeline towards natural water.
2. a kind of drainage system, which is characterized in that the drainage system is by control system, shunting well, the second water conservancy switch, third Water conservancy switchs and the 4th water conservancy switch, outlet pipe, regulate and store facility and online processing facility composition, and the shunting well includes shunting well Well body and be set in the shunting well well body four openings are water inlet, the first water outlet, the second water outlet and the respectively Three water outlets;
It is switched the second water conservancy is arranged close to first water outlet, for controlling the water amount by the first water outlet; It is switched close to second water outlet setting third water conservancy, for controlling the water amount by the second water outlet;Wherein, by The nearly third water outlet is arranged the 4th water conservancy and switchs, for controlling the water amount by third water outlet;
The facility of regulating and storing is connected with the first water outlet;The online processing facility is connected with the second water outlet;The third goes out The mouth of a river is connected by outlet pipe with the pipeline towards natural water;
The control system includes the first monitoring device, the second monitoring device and the control unit being connect with the two signal;It is described Control unit is switched with the second water conservancy, third water conservancy switch and the 4th water conservancy switching signal are connect;First monitoring device and The signal of monitoring for monitoring signals and is conveyed to control unit by the second monitoring device, and control unit is according to received signal control Make the aperture of the second water conservancy switch, third water conservancy switch and the 4th water conservancy switch.
3. according to the drainage system described in any one of claim 1-2, which is characterized in that the arrival end of the facility of regulating and storing is logical Pipeline or gallery is crossed with the first water outlet to be connected;The arrival end of the online processing facility is discharged by online processing pipe and second Mouth is connected.
4. drainage system according to claim 2, which is characterized in that first monitoring device includes monitoring water body liquid level Device, monitor the device of water quality, monitor the device of water body total amount, monitor the device of rainfall, in the device of monitoring time At least one.
5. drainage system according to claim 4, which is characterized in that the device of the monitoring water body liquid level is level sensing The device of device, liquid level gauge or liquid-level switch, the monitoring water quality is Water quality detector, online COD monitors, online TSS Monitor, online BOD monitors, online TN monitors, online TP monitors, online NH3- N monitors, online NH 3 The device of instrument, electrode or conductivity meter, the monitoring water body total amount is the electronic headstock gear with function of measuring, the monitoring rain The device of amount is rainfall gauge, and the device of the monitoring time is timer.
6. drainage system according to claim 4, which is characterized in that the device and monitoring water body of the monitoring water body liquid level The device of water quality is arranged in shunting well well body, and the device of the monitoring rainfall is arranged outside shunting well well body, the monitoring water The device of body total amount is arranged on the switch of the water conservancy in shunting well well body, and the device of the monitoring time is arranged in shunting well well body Outside interior or shunting well well body.
7. drainage system according to claim 2, which is characterized in that second monitoring device includes monitoring water body liquid level Device.
8. drainage system according to claim 7, which is characterized in that the device of the monitoring water body liquid level is level sensing Device, liquid level gauge or liquid-level switch.
9. drainage system according to claim 2, which is characterized in that second monitoring device is arranged in facility of regulating and storing It is interior.
10. according to the drainage system described in any one of claim 1-2, which is characterized in that the facility of regulating and storing is in draining system System is the multiple facilities of regulating and storing of serial or parallel connection;The facility of regulating and storing includes storage pond, box culvert of regulating and storing, deep tunnel or shallow tunnel.
11. according to the drainage system described in any one of claim 1-2, which is characterized in that the online processing facility is string Connection or multiple online processing facilities of parallel connection;The online processing facility include biofilter, online processing pond, flocculation basin, tiltedly Plate sedimentation basin, setting pot or artificial swamp.
12. according to the drainage system described in any one of claim 1-2, which is characterized in that the second water conservancy switch, third Water conservancy switchs and the 4th water conservancy switchs separately one kind in valve, gate, weir gate or flap valve.
13. drainage system according to claim 12, which is characterized in that the valve be selected from ball valve, gate valve, knife gate valve, Butterfly valve, lift rubber slab shut off one kind in check-valves;The gate in upper open type gate, bottom-open type gate one Kind;The one kind of the weir gate in upper open type weir gate, bottom-open type weir gate, rotary weir gate;The flap valve is selected from the flap valve that shuts off.
14. according to the drainage system described in any one of claim 1-2, which is characterized in that second water conservancy switch can be with It realizes maximum current-limiting function, that is, ensures that the flow switched by second water conservancy does not exceed the flow value of setting.
15. according to the drainage system described in any one of claim 1-2, which is characterized in that third water conservancy switch can be with It realizes maximum current-limiting function, that is, ensures that the flow switched by the third water conservancy does not exceed the flow value of setting.
CN201721278957.8U 2017-09-30 2017-09-30 A kind of drainage system with regulate and store facility and online processing facility Active CN207959445U (en)

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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107842088A (en) * 2017-09-30 2018-03-27 武汉圣禹排水系统有限公司 A kind of drainage system and water discharge control method with regulate and store facility and online treatment facility
CN111255040A (en) * 2020-01-18 2020-06-09 江苏青山生态建设工程有限公司 Sponge urban rainwater collection, purification and utilization integrated system
CN111549881A (en) * 2020-05-29 2020-08-18 安徽海螺集团有限责任公司 Initial rainwater flow dividing method
CN112320991A (en) * 2020-11-27 2021-02-05 九江精密测试技术研究所 Regulation and storage tank system for rainwater treatment

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107842088A (en) * 2017-09-30 2018-03-27 武汉圣禹排水系统有限公司 A kind of drainage system and water discharge control method with regulate and store facility and online treatment facility
CN111255040A (en) * 2020-01-18 2020-06-09 江苏青山生态建设工程有限公司 Sponge urban rainwater collection, purification and utilization integrated system
CN111549881A (en) * 2020-05-29 2020-08-18 安徽海螺集团有限责任公司 Initial rainwater flow dividing method
CN112320991A (en) * 2020-11-27 2021-02-05 九江精密测试技术研究所 Regulation and storage tank system for rainwater treatment

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Address after: No. 509 Hu Road, Shamao Street, Hannan District, Wuhan City, Hubei Province, 430000

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