CN107587579A - A kind of a drainage system and water discharge control method with section dirt pipe and rainwater treatment facility - Google Patents

A kind of a drainage system and water discharge control method with section dirt pipe and rainwater treatment facility Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107587579A
CN107587579A CN201710915927.1A CN201710915927A CN107587579A CN 107587579 A CN107587579 A CN 107587579A CN 201710915927 A CN201710915927 A CN 201710915927A CN 107587579 A CN107587579 A CN 107587579A
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China
Prior art keywords
water
water conservancy
conservancy switch
switch
opening
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CN201710915927.1A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
周超
叶萌
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Wuhan Shengyu Drainage Systems Co Ltd
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Wuhan Shengyu Drainage Systems Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201710915927.1A priority Critical patent/CN107587579A/en
Publication of CN107587579A publication Critical patent/CN107587579A/en
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Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of with the drainage system and its water discharge control method that cut dirty pipe and rainwater treatment facility, the drainage system has the effect of intelligent drainage function, the reasonable discharge of water body is realized in the reasonable control of the aperture and associated component that are switched by control system to the water conservancy in the drainage system, while ensure that flood passage is safe, farthest filthy water or early-stage rainwater are dammed to sewage treatment plant, if sewage treatment plant is unable to timely processing, it is incorporated into by water passage in facility of regulating and storing and is temporarily stored, when the disposal ability of sewage treatment plant is recovered, sewage treatment plant is drained into again, and in use without manual operation, pass through control unit, automatically adjusting for water conservancy switch can be realized.The drainage system of the present invention efficiently separates processing using what a small amount of land area can realized rainwater and sewage.The use of the drainage system is not limited by occasion, goes for any bar pipe network in sewerage pipeline network.

Description

A kind of a drainage system and water discharge control method with section dirt pipe and rainwater treatment facility
Technical field
The invention belongs to technical field of drainage, and in particular to a kind of with the drainage system for cutting dirty pipe and rainwater treatment facility And water discharge control method.
Background technology
Currently, the drainage system of city and groups of building mainly includes separate system, combined system and mixed flow system, its main purpose It is the collection, conveying and processing for realizing water body.For example the systems of all waste water is treated using a kind of mode and claims combined system.It is only There is a drainage system, claim converging system, its drainage pipeline claims combined pipeline.Waste water of different nature is treated in different ways System claim separate system, it typically has two drainage systems.One is properly termed as storm-water system, for collecting rainwater and pollution journey Degree is very low, the industrial wastewater of water body is directly discharged without processing, and its pipeline claims storm sewer.Another is properly termed as sewage System, collects the industrial wastewater that could be discharged after sanitary sewage and needs processing, and its pipeline claims sewage conduct.Mixed flow system is a kind of System between separate system and combined system, its mainly due in the region of separate system pipeline misconnection, hybrid junction etc. cause There is waste water of different nature in section of tubing, i.e. storm sewer or sewage conduct has actually become combined pipeline.City Waste water in sewage conduct and combined pipeline is often referred to as municipal sewage.
Densely populated with the appearance of modern house sanitary equipment and skyscraper, excrement is conveyed with current, is greatly increased The intensity of municipal sewage;Along with industry prosperity, industrial wastewater substantial increase, the rivers and lakes of near cities occur as soon as and can not held The pollution condition born.Then sewage treatment plant is set up, and each delivery port is connected with pipeline, the waste water in each arterial drainage is converged Collection sewage treatment plant is handled, and forms shutoff type converging system.The connection delivery port and waste water that dams is to the pipe of sewage treatment plant Road claims dam pipeline or wastewater interception pipe.
Wastewater flow rate abruptly increase during rainfall, if all waste water are all retained, dam pipeline and sewage treatment plant is necessarily required to It is very extensive, too increase engineering cost.So the inspection shaft of arterial drainage and intercepting sewer intersection is typically replaced with into shunting Well.The construction of shunting well can have a different designs, but current design and imperfection, and be directed to different sewage quantity and rain Water does not make improvement yet.Because there was only sewage in pipe during dry season, shunting well can stop sewage, flow to sewage pipe;Rainy season When part rainwater and sewage are stopped and flow into sewage pipe, remaining stormwater overflow continues towards downstream by weir in well.For rain The flow direction of water and sewage, it is most in current control method to be controlled using water level or rainfall, but existing water level control Method or rainfall control methods, the flow-dividing control to rainwater and sewage is not fine, so as to lose meaning existing for shunting well.
The content of the invention
In order to solve the deficiencies in the prior art, the invention provides a kind of with the draining for cutting dirty pipe and rainwater treatment facility System and water discharge control method, the drainage system is used for damming and shunting for rainwater and/or sewage, by reasonably regulating and controlling, Realize water body freely discharge and reasonable diffluence, realize the reasonable disposition of resource.
The invention provides a kind of drainage system, the drainage system includes shunting well, and the shunting well includes shunting well Well body and be arranged in the shunting well well body four openings, it is water inlet, the first delivery port, the second delivery port and the respectively Three delivery ports;
The drainage system also includes water passage, regulate and store facility and section dirty pipe;
The arrival end of the water passage is connected with the first delivery port in shunting well;The water passage and facility of regulating and storing It is connected;The port of export of the water passage is connected with cutting dirty pipe;
The drainage system is additionally included in line treatment facility, and the online treatment facility is connected with the second delivery port;
The drainage system also includes the first water conservancy switch, the second water conservancy switch, the 3rd water conservancy switch and the 4th water conservancy and opened Close;Wherein, the first water conservancy is set to switch in the port of export close to the water passage, for controlling the outlet by water passage The water amount at end;The second water conservancy is being set to switch close to first water outlet, for controlling the mistake by the first delivery port Water;The 3rd water conservancy is being set to switch close to second water outlet, for controlling the water amount by the second delivery port; The 4th water conservancy is set to switch close to the 3rd water outlet, for controlling the water amount by the 3rd delivery port.
The present invention also provides the water discharge control method of above-mentioned drainage system, and it includes water level method, water quality method, water quality-water level Method, Time Method, total amount method, rainfall method, when m- water level method, total amount-water level method, at least one of rainfall-water level method.
Beneficial effects of the present invention:
1) the second water outlet of drainage system of the invention is provided with online treatment facility;The online treatment facility can Effectively to solve the process problem for the middle and later periods rainwater having in shunting well well body, accomplish early-stage rainwater and middle and later periods thoroughly Rainwater shunting is handled.
2) the first delivery port setting water passage of drainage system of the invention, regulate and store facility and section dirty pipe, on the one hand in fact Existing sanitary sewage or early-stage rainwater are diverted to sewage treatment plant, on the other hand, can not can dam in time to sewage treatment plant Early-stage rainwater deliver to facility storage of regulating and storing, realize effectively damming for sanitary sewage and early-stage rainwater.
3) drainage system of the invention has the advantages that floor space is small, powerful, using a small amount of land area just Rainwater and sewage can be realized efficiently separates processing.The use of the drainage system is not limited by occasion, is gone for Any bar pipe network in sewerage pipeline network.
4) drainage system of the invention can also include control system, in use without manual operation, pass through control Unit processed, it is possible to achieve automatically adjusting for water conservancy switch, have the characteristics that flexible and changeable, reduce substantial amounts of manpower and materials.Tool For body, drainage system of the invention has the effect of intelligent drainage function, and the water conservancy in the drainage system is opened by control system The reasonable discharge of water body, while ensure that flood passage is safe, maximum journey are realized in the reasonable control of the aperture and associated component of pass Degree is dammed to sewage treatment plant to filthy water or early-stage rainwater, if sewage treatment plant is unable to timely processing, by crossing water Passage is incorporated into facility of regulating and storing and temporarily stored, and when the disposal ability of sewage treatment plant is recovered, then drains into sewage disposal Factory.
5) drainage system of the invention can also set integrated treatment facility in the port of export for facility of regulating and storing, and pass through one Body treatment facility is handled the water body being stored in facility of regulating and storing, the processing pressure of sewage treatment plant when slow down flood season Power, reduce due to sewage treatment plant's disposal ability deficiency and the frequency of waterlogging number generation occurs.
6) water discharge control method of the invention includes water level method, water quality method, water quality-water level method, Time Method, total amount method, rain Amount method, when m- water level method, total amount-water level method, rainfall-water level method, the regulation and control of methods described efficiently solve to cut in the prior art Dirty pipe, which can not carry out current limliting, clean water or later stage rainwater, can also enter the phenomenon that section dirty pipe is delivered to sewage treatment plant.Pass through The discharge approach of rational control filthy water, early-stage rainwater and middle and later periods rainwater, to greatest extent dams filthy water to facility of regulating and storing, Draining into natural water compared with clean water.
7) water discharge control method of the invention is in rainfall, because rainfall intensity is larger, can not dam in time to dirt The early-stage rainwater of water treatment plant delivers to facility storage of regulating and storing, while integrated treatment facility can also be to the water body in facility of regulating and storing Handled with constant flow, the clean water body after processing is directly discharged in the pipeline that is connected with natural water;Later stage compared with Clean rainwater is directly discharged to natural water again, it is possible to reduce the number and spillway discharge of overflow occurs in rainfall, so as to subtract The pollution load of overflow of rainwater is lacked.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the drainage system described in a preferred embodiment of the invention;
Fig. 2 is the structural representation of the drainage system described in a preferred embodiment of the invention;
Fig. 3 is the structural representation of the drainage system described in a preferred embodiment of the invention;
Wherein, 1- water inlets;The delivery ports of 2- first;The delivery ports of 3- second;The delivery ports of 4- the 3rd;5- cuts dirty pipe;6- second Water conservancy switchs;The water conservancies of 7- the 3rd switch;The water conservancies of 8- the 4th switch;9- shunting well well bodies;The online treatment facilities of 10-;11-, which regulates and stores, to be set Apply;12- integrated treatment facilities.
Embodiment
[drainage system]
The first aspect of the invention is to provide a kind of drainage system, and the drainage system includes shunting well, the shunting Well includes shunting well well body and be arranged in the shunting well well body four openings, is water inlet, the first delivery port, the respectively Two delivery ports and the 3rd delivery port;
The drainage system also includes water passage, regulate and store facility and section dirty pipe;
The arrival end of the water passage is connected with the first delivery port in shunting well;The water passage and facility of regulating and storing It is connected;The port of export of the water passage is connected with cutting dirty pipe;
The drainage system is additionally included in line treatment facility, and the online treatment facility is connected with the second delivery port;
The drainage system also includes the first water conservancy switch, the second water conservancy switch, the 3rd water conservancy switch and the 4th water conservancy and opened Close;Wherein, the first water conservancy is set to switch in the port of export close to the water passage, for controlling the outlet by water passage The water amount at end;The second water conservancy is being set to switch close to first water outlet, for controlling the mistake by the first delivery port Water;The 3rd water conservancy is being set to switch close to second water outlet, for controlling the water amount by the second delivery port; The 4th water conservancy is set to switch close to the 3rd water outlet, for controlling the water amount by the 3rd delivery port.
In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the drainage system also includes control system, the control system Including the first monitoring device, the second monitoring device and the control unit being connected with its signal;Described control unit and the first water conservancy Switch, the second water conservancy switch, the 3rd water conservancy switch connect with the 4th water conservancy switching signal;First monitoring device and the second prison Survey device to be used for monitoring signals and the signal of monitoring is conveyed into control unit, control unit controls first according to the signal of reception The aperture that water conservancy switch, the second water conservancy switch, the 3rd water conservancy switch and the 4th water conservancy switch.
In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the water passage be selected from waterpower switch buffering gallery, Mistakes water lines with waterpower switch with can overflow at least one of pipeline.
In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the water passage is arranged on regulate and store installation atop or inside;Or Water passage described in person sets and connected by waterpower switch parallel with facility of regulating and storing.
In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, can also be set between the water passage and the first delivery port just Rain pipe.
In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the online treatment facility by handle online pipeline or gallery with Second delivery port is connected.
In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the drainage system also includes outlet pipe;3rd delivery port It is connected by outlet pipe with the pipeline towards natural water.
In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the drainage system also includes integrated treatment facility, the tune The port of export for storing facility is connected with the arrival end of integrated treatment facility.
In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the drainage system also includes the 8th water conservancy switch;Close to institute State sets the 8th water conservancy to switch at the port of export for facility of regulating and storing or the arrival end of integrated treatment facility, for controlling by regulating and storing The water amount of the port of export of facility or the arrival end of integrated treatment facility.
In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the 8th water conservancy switch is connected with control unit signal, is controlled Unit controls the aperture of the 8th water conservancy switch according to the signal of reception.
In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, first monitoring device includes the device of monitoring water body liquid level (such as can be liquid level sensor, liquid level gauge, liquid-level switch etc.), monitor water quality device (such as can be water quality inspection Survey device, online COD monitors, online TSS monitors, online BOD monitors, online TN monitors, online TP monitors, online NH3- N monitors, online ammonia nitrogen monitor, electrode, conductivity meter etc.), the device for monitoring water body total amount (such as can carry Electronic headstock gear of function of measuring etc.), the device (such as rainfall gauge) of rainfall is monitored, monitors the device (such as timer) of time At least one of.
In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, first monitoring device may be provided at shunting according to type demand In well well body or outside shunting well well body.For example, the device of monitoring water body liquid level and the device of monitoring water quality are arranged on shunting In well well body, the device for monitoring rainfall is arranged on outside shunting well well body, and the device of monitoring water body total amount is arranged on shunting well well body In water conservancy switch on, monitor the time device be arranged in shunting well well body or shunting well well body outside.
In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, second monitoring device includes the device of monitoring water body liquid level (such as can be liquid level sensor, liquid level gauge, liquid-level switch etc.), monitor water body total amount device (such as can be with meter At least one of measure electronic headstock gear of function etc.).
In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, second monitoring device may be provided at according to type demand regulates and stores In facility or regulate and store outside facility.For example, the device of monitoring water body liquid level is arranged on and regulated and stored in facility;The monitoring water body total amount Device is arranged on the 8th water conservancy switch.
In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, it will be understood by those skilled in the art that the water inlet, first going out The mouth of a river, the shape of the second delivery port and the 3rd delivery port and openings of sizes do not limit specifically, can be with coupled pipe The shape of the shape or the water conservancy switch set with it of road or gallery matches.Such as the water inlet, the first delivery port, Second delivery port and the 3rd delivery port are shaped as circle.
In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, it will be understood by those skilled in the art that the water inlet, first going out The mouth of a river, the second delivery port and the 3rd delivery port putting in order in shunting well well body do not limit with arrangement mode, Ke Yigen The region area and geopotentia set according to shunting well reasonably sets water inlet, the first delivery port, the second delivery port and the 3rd Delivery port relative position.For example, the water inlet, the first delivery port, the second delivery port and the 3rd delivery port are arranged on shunting well Well body side wall.
When the water inlet, the first delivery port, the second delivery port and the 3rd delivery port are arranged on shunting well well body side wall, It will be understood by those skilled in the art that the water inlet, the first delivery port, the distance from bottom of the second delivery port and the 3rd delivery port The height in shunting well shaft bottom is not particularly limited, such as the pipeline being connected with water inlet is in the position of high elevation, and water inlet can With the optional position being arranged in shunting well well body side wall;It is connected with the first delivery port, the second delivery port and the 3rd delivery port Pipeline is in the position of low-lying, and the first delivery port, the second delivery port and the 3rd delivery port are arranged on shunting well well body side wall and leaned on The position of nearly shunting well well body bottom.The purpose for the arrangement is that in order to which water body will not be saved bit by bit in shunting well well body, preferably flow Downstream.
In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, it will be understood by those skilled in the art that the shunting well well body Shape does not limit specifically, it is possible to achieve the reasonable discharge to water body, such as the side of being shaped as of the shunting well well body Shape or circle.
In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, it will be understood by those skilled in the art that the online treatment facility Quantity and arrangement in systems does not limit specifically, can be multiple online treatment facilities of serial or parallel connection;Its is specific Arrangement mode can reasonably be arranged according to the region area using the system.The online treatment facility can be existing Online treatment facility known to technology, for example, including biofilter, online processing pond, flocculation basin, inclined-plate clarifying basin, setting pot or Artificial swamp etc..
In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, it will be understood by those skilled in the art that the facility of regulating and storing is being arranged Quantity and arrangement in water system do not limit specifically, can reasonably be arranged according to the region area using the system Cloth, such as can be the multiple facilities of regulating and storing of serial or parallel connection.The facility of regulating and storing can be facility of regulating and storing known in the art, Such as including storage pond, box culvert of regulating and storing, deep tunnel or shallow tunnel etc..
In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, it will be understood by those skilled in the art that the integrated treatment is set Apply quantity in systems and arrange and do not limit specifically, can be multiple integrated treatment facilities of serial or parallel connection;Its Specific arrangement mode can reasonably be arranged according to the region area using the system.The integrated treatment facility can be with It is integrated treatment facility known in the art, such as including integrated sewage disposal station etc..
In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the first water conservancy switch, the second water conservancy switch, the 3rd water conservancy are opened Close and the 4th water conservancy switch separately selected from valve, (ball valve, gate valve, knife gate valve, butterfly valve, lift rubber slab dam non-return Valve etc.), gate (upper open type gate, bottom-open type gate etc.), weir gate (upper open type weir gate, bottom-open type weir gate, rotary weir gate etc.), One kind in flap valve (flap valve that dams etc.).
In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the first water conservancy switch can realize maximum current-limiting function, i.e., Ensure by flow value of the flow that first water conservancy switchs not over setting.
In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the second water conservancy switch can realize maximum current-limiting function, i.e., Ensure by flow value of the flow that second water conservancy switchs not over setting.
In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the 3rd water conservancy switch can realize maximum current-limiting function, i.e., Ensure by flow value of the flow that the 3rd water conservancy switchs not over setting.
In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the 8th water conservancy switch is selected from valve (ball valve, gate valve, disconnecting link Valve, butterfly valve, lift rubber slab dam check-valves etc.), gate (upper open type gate, bottom-open type gate etc.), weir gate (upper open type weir Door, bottom-open type weir gate, rotary weir gate etc.), one kind in flap valve (flap valve that dams etc.).
In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the 8th water conservancy switch can realize maximum current-limiting function, i.e., Ensure by flow value of the flow that the 8th water conservancy switchs not over setting.
[water discharge control method]
The present invention also provides the water discharge control method of above-mentioned drainage system, and it includes water level method, water quality method, water quality-water level Method, Time Method, total amount method, rainfall method, when m- water level method, total amount-water level method, at least one of rainfall-water level method.
[water level method]
The second aspect of the invention is to provide a kind of water discharge control method of water level method control, the water discharge control method It is based on above-mentioned drainage system, the drainage system includes control system, the first monitoring device bag in the control system Include the device of monitoring water body liquid level and be arranged in shunting well well body, the second monitoring device in the control system includes monitoring The device of water body liquid level and being arranged on is regulated and stored in facility, and the warning line of shunting well is set in the control unit of the control system H2 and facility of regulating and storing highest reserve-water-level H3;Methods described comprises the following steps:
1a) water body enters shunting well from water inlet, is monitored in real time in shunting well well body by the device for monitoring water body liquid level The liquid level H of water body;Water body liquid level H ' in facility of regulating and storing is monitored by the device for monitoring water body liquid level in real time;
2a) work as H<H2 and H '<During H3, the first water conservancy switch is in opening, and the second water conservancy switch is in opening, 3rd water conservancy switch is closed, and the 4th water conservancy switch is in current floe condition;
3a) work as H<H2 and during H ' >=H3, the first water conservancy switch be in opening, and the second water conservancy switchs and is in opening state State, and guarantee is identical with the water flow that the second water conservancy switchs by the first water conservancy switch, the 3rd water conservancy switch, which is in, closes shape State, the 4th water conservancy switch are in current floe condition;
4a) as H >=H2, if H '<H3, the first water conservancy switch are in opening, and the second water conservancy switch is in opening state State, the 3rd water conservancy switch are in opening, and the 4th water conservancy switch is in opening;If H ' >=H3, at the first water conservancy switch In opening, the second water conservancy switch is in opening, and ensures the water switched by the first water conservancy switch and the second water conservancy Body flow is identical, and the 3rd water conservancy switch is in opening, and the 4th water conservancy switch is in opening.
[water quality method]
The third aspect of the present invention is to provide a kind of water discharge control method of water quality method control, and the water discharge control method is Based on above-mentioned drainage system, the drainage system includes control system, and the first monitoring device in the control system includes Monitor the device of water quality and be arranged in shunting well well body, the second monitoring device in the control system includes monitoring water The device of body fluid position and being arranged on is regulated and stored in facility, and pollutant concentration standard value is set in the control unit of the control system C1, pollutant concentration excessive value C2 and facility of regulating and storing highest reserve-water-level H3;Methods described comprises the following steps:
1b) water body enters shunting well from water inlet, and water body in shunting well is monitored in real time by the device for monitoring water quality Water quality C;Water body liquid level H ' in facility of regulating and storing is monitored by the device for monitoring water body liquid level in real time;
2b) as C >=C2 and H '<During H3, the first water conservancy switch is in opening, and the second water conservancy switch is in opening state State, the 3rd water conservancy switch are closed, and the 4th water conservancy switch is in current floe condition;
3b) as C >=C2 and H ' >=H3, the first water conservancy switch is in opening, and the second water conservancy switch is in opening state State, and guarantee is identical with the water flow that the second water conservancy switchs by the first water conservancy switch, the 3rd water conservancy switch, which is in, closes shape State, the 4th water conservancy switch are in current floe condition;
4b) work as C2>During C >=C1, the first water conservancy switch is in opening, and the second water conservancy switch is closed, the Three water conservancies switch is in opening, and the 4th water conservancy switch is in current floe condition;
5b) work as C<During C1, the first water conservancy switch is in opening, and the second water conservancy switch is closed, the 3rd water Profit switch is in opening, and the 4th water conservancy switch is in opening.
[water level-water quality method]
The fourth aspect of the present invention is to provide a kind of water discharge control method of water level-water quality method control, the draining control Method is based on above-mentioned drainage system, and the drainage system includes control system, the first monitoring dress in the control system Put the device of the device including monitoring water body liquid level and monitoring water quality and be arranged in shunting well well body, the control system The second monitoring device in system includes the device of monitoring water body liquid level and is arranged on to regulate and store in facility, in the control of the control system Warning line H2, the pollutant concentration standard value C1 of shunting well and the highest reserve-water-level H3 for facility of regulating and storing are set in unit;Institute The method of stating comprises the following steps:
1c) water body enters shunting well from water inlet, is monitored in real time in shunting well well body by the device for monitoring water body liquid level The liquid level H of water body, water quality C in shunting well is monitored by the device for monitoring water quality in real time;By monitoring water body The device of liquid level monitors water body liquid level H ' in facility of regulating and storing in real time;
2c) as C >=C1 and H<During H2, if H '<H3, the first water conservancy switch are in opening, and the second water conservancy switch is in Opening, the 3rd water conservancy switch are closed, and the 4th water conservancy switch is in current floe condition;If H ' >=H3, the first water conservancy Switch is in opening, and the second water conservancy switch is in opening, and ensures to open by the first water conservancy switch and the second water conservancy The water flow of pass is identical, and the 3rd water conservancy switch is closed, and the 4th water conservancy switch is in current floe condition;
3c) as C >=C1 and H >=H2, if H '<H3, the first water conservancy switch are in opening, and the second water conservancy switch is in Opening, the 3rd water conservancy switch are in opening, and the 4th water conservancy switch is in opening;If H ' >=H3, the first water conservancy Switch is in opening, and the second water conservancy switch is in opening, and ensures to open by the first water conservancy switch and the second water conservancy The water flow of pass is identical, and the 3rd water conservancy switch is in opening, and the 4th water conservancy switch is in opening;
4c) work as C<C1 and H<During H2, the first water conservancy switch is in opening, and the second water conservancy switch is closed, 3rd water conservancy switch is in opening, and the 4th water conservancy switch is in current floe condition;
5c) work as C<C1 and during H >=H2, the first water conservancy switch be in opening, and the second water conservancy is switched and is closed, 3rd water conservancy switch is in opening, and the 4th water conservancy switch is in opening.
[total amount method]
The fifth aspect of the present invention is to provide a kind of water discharge control method of total amount method control, and the water discharge control method is Based on above-mentioned drainage system, the drainage system includes control system, and the first monitoring device in the control system includes Monitor the device of water body total amount and be arranged in shunting well well body on the second water conservancy switch, the second monitoring in the control system Device includes the device of monitoring water body liquid level and is arranged on to regulate and store in facility, and shunting is set in the control unit of the control system Well needs the highest reserve-water-level H3 of the first rain total amount Q1 to dam and facility of regulating and storing;Methods described comprises the following steps:
1d) during the rainy day, water body enters shunting well from water inlet, by monitoring the device monitoring in real time of water body total amount by the The water body total amount Q of two water conservancies switch;Water body liquid level H ' in facility of regulating and storing is monitored by the device for monitoring water body liquid level in real time;
2d) work as Q<During Q1, if H '<H3, the first water conservancy switch are in opening, and the second water conservancy switch is in opening state State, the 3rd water conservancy switch are closed, and the 4th water conservancy switch is in current floe condition;If H ' >=H3, at the first water conservancy switch In opening, the second water conservancy switch is in opening, and ensures the water switched by the first water conservancy switch and the second water conservancy Body flow is identical, and the 3rd water conservancy switch is closed, and the 4th water conservancy switch is in current floe condition;
3d) as Q >=Q1, the first water conservancy switch is in opening, and the second water conservancy switch is closed, the 3rd water Profit switch is in opening, and the 4th water conservancy switch is in opening.
In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, methods described also comprises the following steps:
4d) during fine day, water body enters shunting well from water inlet, and the first water conservancy switch is in opening, and the second water conservancy is opened Pass is in opening, and the 3rd water conservancy switch is closed, and the 4th water conservancy switch is in current floe condition.
[total amount-water level method]
The sixth aspect of the present invention is to provide a kind of water discharge control method of total amount-water level method control, the draining control Method is based on above-mentioned drainage system, and the drainage system includes control system, the first monitoring dress in the control system Put the device including monitoring water body total amount and be arranged in shunting well well body on the second water conservancy switch, the in the control system One monitoring device also includes the device of monitoring water body liquid level and is arranged in shunting well well body, the second prison in the control system Surveying device includes the device of monitoring water body liquid level and is arranged on to regulate and store in facility, the setting point in the control unit of the control system Stream well needs standard first rain total amount Q1, the warning line H2 of shunting well and the highest reserve-water-level H3 for facility of regulating and storing to dam;Institute The method of stating comprises the following steps:
1e) during the rainy day, water body enters shunting well from water inlet, and shunting well is monitored in real time by the device for monitoring water body liquid level The liquid level H of water body in well body, it is total by the device water body that monitoring is switched by the second water conservancy in real time for monitoring water body total amount Measure Q;Water body liquid level H ' in facility of regulating and storing is monitored by the device for monitoring water body liquid level in real time;
2e) work as Q<Q1 and H<During H2, if H '<H3, the first water conservancy switch are in opening, and the second water conservancy switch, which is in, to be opened State is opened, the 3rd water conservancy switch is closed, and the 4th water conservancy switch is in current floe condition;If H ' >=H3, the first water conservancy is opened Pass is in opening, and the second water conservancy switch is in opening, and ensures to switch by the first water conservancy switch and the second water conservancy Water flow it is identical, the 3rd water conservancy switch be closed, the 4th water conservancy switch be in current floe condition;
3e) as Q >=Q1 and H<During H2, the first water conservancy switch is in opening, and the second water conservancy switch is closed, 3rd water conservancy switch is in opening, and the 4th water conservancy switch is in current floe condition;
4e) work as Q<Q1 and during H >=H2, if H '<H3, the first water conservancy switch are in opening, and the second water conservancy switch is in Opening, the 3rd water conservancy switch are in opening, and the 4th water conservancy switch is in opening;If during H ' >=H3, the first water Profit switch is in opening, and the second water conservancy switch is in opening, and ensures by the first water conservancy switch and the second water conservancy The water flow of switch is identical, and the 3rd water conservancy switch is in opening, and the 4th water conservancy switch is in opening;
5e) as Q >=Q1 and H >=H2, the is closed with water conservancy switch, and the second water conservancy switch is in closing shape State, the 3rd water conservancy switch are in opening, and the 4th water conservancy switch is in opening.
In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, methods described also comprises the following steps:
6e) during fine day, water body enters shunting well from water inlet, and the first water conservancy switch is in opening, and the second water conservancy is opened Pass is in opening, and the 3rd water conservancy switch is closed, and the 4th water conservancy switch is in current floe condition.
[rainfall method]
The seventh aspect of the invention is to provide a kind of water discharge control method of rainfall method control, the water discharge control method It is based on above-mentioned drainage system, the drainage system includes control system, the first monitoring device bag in the control system Include the device of monitoring rainfall and be arranged on outside shunting well well body, the second monitoring device in the control system includes monitoring water body The device of liquid level and being arranged on is regulated and stored in facility, and the standard that shunting well needs to dam is set in the control unit of the control system First rain rainfall L1 and facility of regulating and storing highest reserve-water-level H3;Methods described comprises the following steps:
1f) water body enters shunting well from water inlet, by the first rain rainfall L of device monitoring in real time for monitoring rainfall;
It is now fine day 2f) as L=0, the first water conservancy switch is in opening, and the second water conservancy switch is in unlatching State, the 3rd water conservancy switch are closed, and the 4th water conservancy switch is in current floe condition;
3f) work as L>It is now the rainy day when 0, water body liquid in facility of regulating and storing is monitored by the device for monitoring water body liquid level in real time Position height H ';
4f) when 0<L<During L1, if H '<H3, the first water conservancy switch are in opening, and the second water conservancy switch is in opening state State, the 3rd water conservancy switch are closed, and the 4th water conservancy switch is in current floe condition;If H ' >=H3, at the first water conservancy switch In opening, the second water conservancy switch is in opening, and ensures the water switched by the first water conservancy switch and the second water conservancy Body flow is identical, and the 3rd water conservancy switch is closed, and the 4th water conservancy switch is in current floe condition;
5f) as L >=L1, the first water conservancy switch is in opening, and the second water conservancy switch is closed, the 3rd water Profit switch is in opening, and the 4th water conservancy switch is in opening.
[rainfall-water level method]
The eighth aspect of the invention is to provide a kind of water discharge control method of rainfall-water level method control, the draining control Method processed is based on above-mentioned drainage system, and the drainage system includes control system, the first monitoring in the control system Device includes the device of monitoring rainfall and is arranged on outside shunting well well body, and the first monitoring device in the control system also includes Monitor the device of water body liquid level and be arranged in shunting well well body, the second monitoring device in the control system includes monitoring water The device of body fluid position and being arranged on is regulated and stored in facility, and the mark that shunting well needs to dam is set in the control unit of the control system Accurate just rain rainfall L1, the warning line H2 of shunting well and the highest reserve-water-level H3 for facility of regulating and storing;Methods described includes following step Suddenly:
1g) water body enters shunting well from water inlet, by the first rain rainfall L of device monitoring in real time for monitoring rainfall;
It is now fine day 2g) as L=0, the first water conservancy switch is in opening, and the second water conservancy switch is in unlatching State, the 3rd water conservancy switch are closed, and the 4th water conservancy switch is in current floe condition;
3g) work as L>It is now the rainy day when 0, water body in shunting well well body is monitored by the device for monitoring water body liquid level in real time Liquid level H;Water body liquid level H ' in facility of regulating and storing is monitored by the device for monitoring water body liquid level in real time;
4g) when 0<L<L1 and H<During H2, if H '<H3, the first water conservancy switch are in opening, and the second water conservancy switch is in Opening, the 3rd water conservancy switch are closed, and the 4th water conservancy switch is in current floe condition;If H ' >=H3, the first water conservancy Switch is in opening, and the second water conservancy switch is in opening, and ensures to open by the first water conservancy switch and the second water conservancy The water flow of pass is identical, and the 3rd water conservancy switch is closed, and the 4th water conservancy switch is in current floe condition;
5g) as L >=L1 and H<During H2, the first water conservancy switch is in opening, and the first water conservancy switch is in state of damming, the Two water conservancies switch is closed, and the 3rd water conservancy switch is in opening, and the 4th water conservancy switch is in current floe condition;
6g) when 0<L<L1 and during H >=H2, if H '<H3, the first water conservancy, which switchs, is in opening, at the second water conservancy switch In opening, the 3rd water conservancy switch is in opening, and the 4th water conservancy switch is in opening;If during H ' >=H3, first Water conservancy switch is in opening, and the second water conservancy switch is in opening, and ensures by the first water conservancy switch and the second water The water flow of profit switch is identical, and the 3rd water conservancy switch is in opening, and the 4th water conservancy switch is in opening;
7g) as L >=L1 and H >=H2, the is closed with water conservancy switch, and the second water conservancy switch is in closing shape State, the 3rd water conservancy switch are in opening, and the 4th water conservancy switch is in opening.
[Time Method]
The ninth aspect of the invention is to provide a kind of water discharge control method of Time Method control, the water discharge control method It is based on above-mentioned drainage system, the drainage system includes control system, the first monitoring device bag in the control system Include the device of monitoring time and be arranged in shunting well well body or outside shunting well well body, the second monitoring dress in the control system Put the device including monitoring water body liquid level and be arranged on and regulate and store in facility, in the control unit of the control system during established standardses Between the T1 and highest reserve-water-level H3 of facility of regulating and storing;Methods described comprises the following steps:
1h) during fine day, water body enters shunting well from water inlet, and the first water conservancy switch is in opening, and the second water conservancy is opened Pass is in opening, and the 3rd water conservancy switch is closed, and the 4th water conservancy switch is in current floe condition;
2h) during the rainy day, water body enters shunting well from water inlet, and rain time T is monitored in real time by the device for monitoring the time; Water body liquid level H ' in facility of regulating and storing is monitored by the device for monitoring water body liquid level in real time;
3h) work as T<During T1, if H '<H3, the first water conservancy switch are in opening, and the second water conservancy switch is in opening state State, the 3rd water conservancy switch are closed, and the 4th water conservancy switch is in current floe condition;If H ' >=H3, at the first water conservancy switch In opening, the second water conservancy switch is in opening, and ensures the water switched by the first water conservancy switch and the second water conservancy Body flow is identical, and the 3rd water conservancy switch is closed, and the 4th water conservancy switch is in current floe condition;
4h) as T >=T1, the first water conservancy switch is in opening, and the second water conservancy switch is closed, the 3rd water Profit switch is in opening, and the 4th water conservancy switch is in opening.
[when m- water level method]
The water discharge control method of m- water level method control, the draining control when the tengh aspect of the invention is to provide a kind of Method processed is based on above-mentioned drainage system, and the drainage system includes control system, the first monitoring in the control system Device includes the device of monitoring time and is arranged in shunting well well body or outside shunting well well body, first in the control system Monitoring device also includes the device of monitoring water body liquid level and is arranged in shunting well well body, the second monitoring in the control system Device includes the device of monitoring water body liquid level and is arranged on to regulate and store in facility, the established standardses in the control unit of the control system Time T1, the warning line H2 of shunting well and facility of regulating and storing highest reserve-water-level H3;Methods described comprises the following steps:
1i) during fine day, water body enters shunting well from water inlet, and the first water conservancy switch is in opening, and the second water conservancy is opened Pass is in opening, and the 3rd water conservancy switch is closed, and the 4th water conservancy switch is in current floe condition;
2i) during the rainy day, water body enters shunting well from water inlet, and shunting well is monitored in real time by the device for monitoring water body liquid level The liquid level H of water body in well body, rain time T is monitored by the device for monitoring the time in real time;By monitoring water body liquid level Device monitors water body liquid level H ' in facility of regulating and storing in real time;
3i) work as T<T1 and H<During H2, if H '<H3, the first water conservancy switch are in opening, and the second water conservancy switch, which is in, to be opened State is opened, the 3rd water conservancy switch is closed, and the 4th water conservancy switch is in current floe condition;If H ' >=H3, the first water conservancy is opened Pass is in opening, and the second water conservancy switch is in opening, and ensures to switch by the first water conservancy switch and the second water conservancy Water flow it is identical, the 3rd water conservancy switch be closed, the 4th water conservancy switch be in current floe condition;
4i) as T >=T1 and H<During H2, the first water conservancy switch is in opening, and the first water conservancy switch is in state of damming, the Two water conservancies switch is closed, and the 3rd water conservancy switch is in opening, and the 4th water conservancy switch is in current floe condition;
5i) work as T<T1 and during H >=H2, if H '<H3, the first water conservancy switch are in opening, and the second water conservancy switch is in Opening, the 3rd water conservancy switch are in opening, and the 4th water conservancy switch is in opening;If during H ' >=H3, the first water Profit switch is in opening, and the second water conservancy switch is in opening, and ensures by the first water conservancy switch and the second water conservancy The water flow of switch is identical, and the 3rd water conservancy switch is in opening, and the 4th water conservancy switch is in opening;
6i) as T >=T1 and H >=H2, the is closed with water conservancy switch, and the second water conservancy switch is in closing shape State, the 3rd water conservancy switch are in opening, and the 4th water conservancy switch is in opening.
[the specific restriction of the above method]
In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, when the drainage system includes integrated treatment facility, the side Method also comprises the following steps:
The second monitoring device in the control system includes monitoring the device of water body total amount and being arranged on the 8th water conservancy opening Shut, the water body total amount Q8 in the facility of regulating and storing is set in the control unit of the control system;
Water body total amount Q8 ' in facility of regulating and storing is monitored by the device for monitoring water body total amount in real time;
As Q8 ' >=Q8, the 8th water conservancy switch is in opening, and ensures that water body flows through the 8th water with constant flow Profit switch;
Work as Q8 '<During Q8, the 8th water conservancy switch is closed.
In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, physical features minimum point in receivable aqua region is being occurred according to shunting well Height during ponding risk sets the warning line H2 of shunting well in the control unit of the control system.
In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, according to the carrying capacity of the facility of regulating and storing the control system control The highest reserve-water-level H3 of the facility of regulating and storing is set in unit processed.
In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the device of the monitoring water body liquid level is liquid level sensor, liquid level Meter, liquid-level switch etc..
In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, shunted according to the environmental carrying capacity for the natural water being discharged into and entrance The water quality of well sets pollutant concentration standard value C1 in the control unit of the control system.
In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, shunted according to the environmental carrying capacity for the natural water being discharged into and entrance It is dense that the highest pollutant concentration that the water quality of well and online treatment facility can be handled sets pollutant in the control unit Spend excessive value C2.
In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the device of the monitoring water quality is Water quality detector, online COD monitors, online ammonia nitrogen monitor, online TSS monitors, online BOD monitors, online NH3- N monitors, online TP prisons Instrument, online TN monitors, electrode, conductivity meter etc. are surveyed, what it was monitored is the concentration of pollutant in water body in shunting well well body, institute Stating pollutant includes TSS, COD, BOD, NH3One or more in-N, TN or TP.
In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the Water quality detector can be using electrode method, UV optical methods, Optical scattering method etc. realizes the detection to water quality.
In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the environmental carrying capacity for the natural water that the shunting well is discharged into can be with It is natural water such as rivers,lakes and seas;When the environmental carrying capacity of the natural water is larger (such as ocean), pollutant concentration standard value C1 It can properly increase;When the environmental carrying capacity of the natural water is smaller (such as lake), pollutant concentration standard value C1 can be appropriate Reduce.It is such as middle and later periods rainwater, pollutant concentration standard value C1 can be fitted when the water quality into shunting well is preferable Work as reduction;It is such as sanitary sewage and/or early-stage rainwater when the water quality into shunting well is poor, pollutant concentration Standard value C1 can be properly increased.The purpose is to pollution of the reduction as few as possible to natural water.
In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, pollutant concentration excessive value C2 is also suitable above-mentioned setting principle, On this basis, the established standardses of the pollutant concentration excessive value C2 also have with the treatable upper limit of concentration of online treatment facility Close, be generally not more than the treatable upper limit of concentration of online treatment facility.
In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the first rain according to shunting well to required collection in receivable aqua region Total amount sets rain total amount Q1 at the beginning of the standard that shunting well needs dam in the control unit of the control system.
In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, according to the carrying capacity of the facility of regulating and storing and integrated treatment facility Disposal ability water body total amount Q8 in the facility of regulating and storing is set in the control unit of the control system.
In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the device of the monitoring water body total amount is selected from function of measuring Electronic headstock gear.
In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the first rain according to shunting well to required collection in receivable aqua region Millimeter sets rain rainfall L1 at the beginning of the standard that shunting well needs dam in the control unit of the control system.
In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the device of the monitoring rainfall is rainfall gauge.
In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, according to the rain time of early-stage rainwater and shunting well to receivable pool Established standardses time in the control unit of control system time that early-stage rainwater whole footpath is flowed to required for shunting well in domain T1。
In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the device of the monitoring time is timer.
In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the second water conservancy switch, the 3rd water conservancy switch and the 8th water conservancy Switch can realize maximum current-limiting function, and it is in the flow value that opening refers to switch by the water conservancy and is less than or equal to set Fixed peak flow values, this can be realized by the aperture that the control unit regulation water conservancy in control system switchs.
In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the 4th water conservancy switch refers to that water body can be with opening Natural water is flowed to by water conservancy switch.
In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the 4th water conservancy switch refers to regulation the 4th in current floe condition The aperture of water conservancy switch, ensure that water body dams in the upstream end of water conservancy switch, it is impossible to by water conservancy switch flow direction certainly Right water body.
In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the water conservancy switch is closed referring to by the water conservancy The flow value of the water body of switch is zero.
With reference to specific embodiment, the present invention is expanded on further.It should be understood that these embodiments are merely to illustrate the present invention Rather than limitation the scope of the present invention.Furthermore, it is to be understood that after described content of the invention has been read, this area skill Art personnel can make various changes or modifications to the present invention, and these equivalent form of values equally fall within limited range of the present invention.
In the description of the invention, it is necessary to explanation, term " first ", " second ", " the 3rd ", " the 4th " and " the 8th " It is only used for describing purpose, and not for instruction or implies relative importance.
Embodiment 1
As depicted in figs. 1 and 2, the invention provides a kind of drainage system, the drainage system includes shunting well, described point Four openings that stream well includes shunting well well body and is arranged in the shunting well well body, are water inlet 1, the first delivery port respectively 2nd, the second delivery port 3 and the 3rd delivery port 4;
The drainage system also includes water passage, regulate and store facility 11 and section dirty pipe 5;
The arrival end of the water passage is connected with the first delivery port 2 in shunting well;The water passage is set with regulating and storing 11 are applied to be connected;The port of export of the water passage is connected with cutting dirty pipe 5;
The drainage system is additionally included in line treatment facility 10, and the online treatment facility is connected with the second delivery port 3;
The drainage system also includes the first water conservancy switch (not shown), the second water conservancy switchs the 6, the 3rd water conservancy and switchs 7 and 4th water conservancy switch 8;Wherein, set the first water conservancy to switch in the port of export close to the water passage, passed through for controlling The water amount of the port of export of aquaporin;The second water conservancy is being set to switch close to first water outlet, for controlling by the The water amount of one delivery port;Set the 3rd water conservancy to switch close to second water outlet, pass through the second water outlet for controlling The water amount of mouth;The 4th water conservancy is being set to switch close to the 3rd water outlet, for controlling the mistake by the 3rd delivery port Water.
In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the drainage system also includes control system, the control system Including the first monitoring device, the second monitoring device and the control unit being connected with its signal;Described control unit and the first water conservancy Switch, the second water conservancy switch, the 3rd water conservancy switch connect with the 4th water conservancy switching signal;First monitoring device and the second prison Survey device to be used for monitoring signals and the signal of monitoring is conveyed into control unit, control unit controls first according to the signal of reception The aperture that water conservancy switch, the second water conservancy switch, the 3rd water conservancy switch and the 4th water conservancy switch.
In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the water passage be selected from waterpower switch buffering gallery, Mistakes water lines with waterpower switch with can overflow at least one of pipeline.
In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the water passage is arranged on regulate and store installation atop or inside;Or Water passage described in person sets and connected by waterpower switch parallel with facility of regulating and storing.
When water passage is buffering gallery with waterpower switch or the mistakes water lines with waterpower switch, described water Passage can be arranged on regulate and store installation atop or inside;Or the water passage is set parallel with facility of regulating and storing.When the mistake When water body in aquaporin has little time discharge, water body is acted on by pressure, is washed waterpower switch open, is temporarily deposited into facility of regulating and storing Storage.
When water passage for can overflow pipeline when, the water passage can be arranged on regulate and store installation atop or inside. When the water body in the water passage has little time discharge, water body overflow is entered in facility of regulating and storing by pipeline, the water body of overflow Temporarily storage.
In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, can also be set between the water passage and the first delivery port just Rain pipe.
In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the online treatment facility by handle online pipeline or gallery with Second delivery port is connected.
In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the drainage system also includes outlet pipe;3rd delivery port It is connected by outlet pipe with the pipeline towards natural water.
As shown in figure 3, the drainage system also includes integrated treatment facility 12, the port of export of the facility 11 of regulating and storing with The arrival end of integrated treatment facility 12 is connected.
In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the drainage system also includes the 8th water conservancy switch;Close to institute State sets the 8th water conservancy to switch at the port of export for facility of regulating and storing or the arrival end of integrated treatment facility, for controlling by regulating and storing The water amount of the port of export of facility or the arrival end of integrated treatment facility.
In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the 8th water conservancy switch is connected with control unit signal, is controlled Unit controls the aperture of the 8th water conservancy switch according to the signal of reception.
In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, first monitoring device includes the device of monitoring water body liquid level (such as can be liquid level sensor, liquid level gauge, liquid-level switch etc.), monitor water quality device (such as can be water quality inspection Survey device, online COD monitors, online TSS monitors, online BOD monitors, online TN monitors, online TP monitors, online NH3- N monitors, online ammonia nitrogen monitor, electrode, conductivity meter etc.), the device for monitoring water body total amount (such as can carry Electronic headstock gear of function of measuring etc.), the device (such as rainfall gauge) of rainfall is monitored, monitors the device (such as timer) of time At least one of.
In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, first monitoring device may be provided at shunting according to type demand In well well body or outside shunting well well body.For example, the device of monitoring water body liquid level and the device of monitoring water quality are arranged on shunting In well well body, the device for monitoring rainfall is arranged on outside shunting well well body, and the device of monitoring water body total amount is arranged on shunting well well body In water conservancy switch on, monitor the time device be arranged in shunting well well body or well body outside.
In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, second monitoring device includes the device of monitoring water body liquid level (such as can be liquid level sensor, liquid level gauge, liquid-level switch etc.), monitor water body total amount device (such as can be with meter At least one of measure electronic headstock gear of function etc.).
In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, second monitoring device may be provided at according to type demand regulates and stores In facility or regulate and store outside facility.For example, the device of monitoring water body liquid level is arranged on and regulated and stored in facility;The monitoring water body total amount Device is arranged on the 8th water conservancy switch.
In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, it will be understood by those skilled in the art that the water inlet, first going out The mouth of a river, the shape of the second delivery port and the 3rd delivery port and openings of sizes do not limit specifically, can be with coupled pipe The shape of the shape or the water conservancy switch set with it of road or gallery matches.Such as the water inlet, the first delivery port, Second delivery port and the 3rd delivery port are shaped as circle.
In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, it will be understood by those skilled in the art that the water inlet, first going out The mouth of a river, the second delivery port and the 3rd delivery port putting in order in shunting well well body do not limit with arrangement mode, Ke Yigen The region area and geopotentia set according to shunting well reasonably sets water inlet, the first delivery port, the second delivery port and the 3rd Delivery port relative position.For example, the water inlet, the first delivery port, the second delivery port and the 3rd delivery port are arranged on shunting well Well body side wall.
When the water inlet, the first delivery port, the second delivery port and the 3rd delivery port are arranged on shunting well well body side wall, It will be understood by those skilled in the art that the water inlet, the first delivery port, the distance from bottom of the second delivery port and the 3rd delivery port The height in shunting well shaft bottom is not particularly limited, such as the pipeline being connected with water inlet is in the position of high elevation, and water inlet can With the optional position being arranged in shunting well well body side wall;It is connected with the first delivery port, the second delivery port and the 3rd delivery port Pipeline is in the position of low-lying, and the first delivery port, the second delivery port and the 3rd delivery port are arranged on shunting well well body side wall and leaned on The position of nearly shunting well well body bottom.The purpose for the arrangement is that in order to which water body will not be saved bit by bit in shunting well well body, preferably flow Downstream.
In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, it will be understood by those skilled in the art that the shunting well well body Shape does not limit specifically, it is possible to achieve the reasonable discharge to water body, such as the side of being shaped as of the shunting well well body Shape or circle.
In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, it will be understood by those skilled in the art that the online treatment facility Quantity and arrangement in systems does not limit specifically, can be multiple online treatment facilities of serial or parallel connection;Its is specific Arrangement mode can reasonably be arranged according to the region area using the system.The online treatment facility can be existing Online treatment facility known to technology, for example, including biofilter, online processing pond, flocculation basin, inclined-plate clarifying basin, setting pot or Artificial swamp etc..
In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, it will be understood by those skilled in the art that the facility of regulating and storing is being arranged Quantity and arrangement in water system do not limit specifically, can reasonably be arranged according to the region area using the system Cloth, such as can be the multiple facilities of regulating and storing of serial or parallel connection.The facility of regulating and storing can be facility of regulating and storing known in the art, Such as including storage pond, box culvert of regulating and storing, deep tunnel or shallow tunnel etc..
In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, it will be understood by those skilled in the art that the integrated treatment is set Apply quantity in systems and arrange and do not limit specifically, can be multiple integrated treatment facilities of serial or parallel connection;Its Specific arrangement mode can reasonably be arranged according to the region area using the system.The integrated treatment facility can be with It is integrated treatment facility known in the art, such as including integrated sewage disposal station etc..
In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the first water conservancy switch, the second water conservancy switch, the 3rd water conservancy are opened Close and the 4th water conservancy switch separately selected from valve, (ball valve, gate valve, knife gate valve, butterfly valve, lift rubber slab dam non-return Valve etc.), gate (upper open type gate, bottom-open type gate etc.), weir gate (upper open type weir gate, bottom-open type weir gate, rotary weir gate etc.), One kind in flap valve (flap valve that dams etc.).
In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the first water conservancy switch can realize maximum current-limiting function, i.e., Ensure by flow value of the flow that first water conservancy switchs not over setting.
In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the second water conservancy switch can realize maximum current-limiting function, i.e., Ensure by flow value of the flow that second water conservancy switchs not over setting.
In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the 3rd water conservancy switch can realize maximum current-limiting function, i.e., Ensure by flow value of the flow that the 3rd water conservancy switchs not over setting.
In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the 8th water conservancy switch is selected from valve (ball valve, gate valve, disconnecting link Valve, butterfly valve, lift rubber slab dam check-valves etc.), gate (upper open type gate, bottom-open type gate etc.), weir gate (upper open type weir Door, bottom-open type weir gate, rotary weir gate etc.), one kind in flap valve (flap valve that dams etc.).
In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the 8th water conservancy switch can realize maximum current-limiting function, i.e., Ensure by flow value of the flow that the 8th water conservancy switchs not over setting.
Embodiment 3
The present embodiment is to provide a kind of water discharge control method of water level method control, and the water discharge control method is based on implementation Drainage system described in example 1, the drainage system include control system, and the first monitoring device in the control system includes prison Survey the device of water body liquid level and be arranged in shunting well well body, the second monitoring device in the control system includes monitoring water body The device of liquid level and being arranged on is regulated and stored in facility, set in the control unit of the control system shunting well warning line H2 and Regulate and store the highest reserve-water-level H3 of facility;Methods described comprises the following steps:
1a) water body enters shunting well from water inlet, is monitored in real time in shunting well well body by the device for monitoring water body liquid level The liquid level H of water body;Water body liquid level H ' in facility of regulating and storing is monitored by the device for monitoring water body liquid level in real time;
2a) work as H<H2 and H '<During H3, the first water conservancy switch is in opening, and the second water conservancy switch is in opening, 3rd water conservancy switch is closed, and the 4th water conservancy switch is in current floe condition;Water body flow through regulate and store facility so that flow through cut Dirty pipe is arranged to sewage treatment plant, and the row of having not enough time to is stored temporarily in facility of regulating and storing to the water body of sewage treatment plant;
3a) work as H<H2 and during H ' >=H3, the first water conservancy switch be in opening, and the second water conservancy switchs and is in opening state State, and guarantee is identical with the water flow that the second water conservancy switchs by the first water conservancy switch, the 3rd water conservancy switch, which is in, closes shape State, the 4th water conservancy switch are in current floe condition;Water body, which enters to regulate and store facility and then flow through a section dirty pipe, to be arranged to sewage treatment plant, without Stored in facility of regulating and storing;
4a) as H >=H2, if H '<H3, the first water conservancy switch are in opening, and the second water conservancy switch is in opening state State, the 3rd water conservancy switch are in opening, and the 4th water conservancy switch is in opening;Part water body flow through regulate and store facility and then Flow through a section dirty pipe to arrange to sewage treatment plant, the row of having not enough time to is stored temporarily in facility of regulating and storing to the water body of sewage treatment plant;Portion Water body is divided to be emitted into natural water or the pipeline being connected with natural water, part water into after being handled in line treatment facility Body flows through outlet pipe and enters the pipeline being connected with natural water;
If H ' >=H3, the first water conservancy switch is in opening, and the second water conservancy switch is in opening, and ensures to pass through The water flow that first water conservancy switchs with the second water conservancy switchs is identical, and the 3rd water conservancy switch is in opening, and the 4th water conservancy is opened Pass is in opening;Part water body, which enters to regulate and store, facility and then to be flowed through and cuts a dirty pipe and arranges to sewage treatment plant, without setting regulating and storing Stored in applying;Part water body flows through outlet pipe and enters the pipeline being connected with natural water.
Embodiment 5
The present embodiment is to provide a kind of water discharge control method of water quality method control, and the water discharge control method is based on implementation Drainage system described in example 1, the drainage system include control system, and the first monitoring device in the control system includes prison Survey the device of water quality and be arranged in shunting well well body, the second monitoring device in the control system includes monitoring water body The device of liquid level and being arranged on is regulated and stored in facility, set in the control unit of the control system pollutant concentration standard value C1, Pollutant concentration excessive value C2 and facility of regulating and storing highest reserve-water-level H3;Methods described comprises the following steps:
1b) water body enters shunting well from water inlet, is monitored in real time in shunting well well body by the device for monitoring water quality Water quality C;Water body liquid level H ' in facility of regulating and storing is monitored by the device for monitoring water body liquid level in real time;
2b) as C >=C2 and H '<During H3, the first water conservancy switch is in opening, and the second water conservancy switch is in opening state State, the 3rd water conservancy switch are closed, and the 4th water conservancy switch is in current floe condition;Water body is flowed through to regulate and store and facility and then flowed through Cut dirty pipe to arrange to sewage treatment plant, the row of having not enough time to is stored temporarily in facility of regulating and storing to the water body of sewage treatment plant;
3b) as C >=C2 and H ' >=H3, the first water conservancy switch is in opening, and the second water conservancy switch is in opening state State, and guarantee is identical with the water flow that the second water conservancy switchs by the first water conservancy switch, the 3rd water conservancy switch, which is in, closes shape State, the 4th water conservancy switch are in current floe condition;Water body, which enters to regulate and store facility and then flow through a section dirty pipe, to be arranged to sewage treatment plant, without Stored in facility of regulating and storing;
4b) work as C2>During C >=C1, the first water conservancy switch is in opening, and the second water conservancy switch is closed, the Three water conservancies switch is in opening, and the 4th water conservancy switch is in current floe condition;Water body, which enters in online treatment facility, to be located Natural water or the pipeline being connected with natural water are emitted into after reason;
5b) work as C<During C1, the first water conservancy switch is in opening, and the second water conservancy switch is closed, the 3rd water Profit switch is in opening, and the 4th water conservancy switch is in opening;Part water body, which enters in online treatment facility, to be located It is emitted into natural water or the pipeline being connected with natural water after reason, part water body flows through outlet pipe and entered to be connected with natural water Pipeline.
Embodiment 6
The present embodiment is to provide a kind of water discharge control method of water level-water quality method control, and the water discharge control method is base In the drainage system described in embodiment 1, the drainage system includes control system, the first monitoring device in the control system Including monitoring the device of water body liquid level and the device of monitoring water quality and being arranged in shunting well well body, the control system In the second monitoring device include the device and being arranged on of monitoring water body liquid level and regulate and store in facility, in the control list of the control system Warning line H2, the pollutant concentration standard value C1 of shunting well and the highest reserve-water-level H3 for facility of regulating and storing are set in member;It is described Method comprises the following steps:
1c) water body enters shunting well from water inlet, is monitored in real time in shunting well well body by the device for monitoring water body liquid level The liquid level H of water body, water quality C in shunting well is monitored by the device for monitoring water quality in real time;By monitoring water body The device of liquid level monitors water body liquid level H ' in facility of regulating and storing in real time;
2c) as C >=C1 and H<During H2, if H '<H3, the first water conservancy switch are in opening, and the second water conservancy switch is in Opening, the 3rd water conservancy switch are closed, and the 4th water conservancy switch is in current floe condition;Water body flows through facility of regulating and storing and entered And flow through a section dirty pipe and arrange to sewage treatment plant, the row of having not enough time to is stored temporarily in facility of regulating and storing to the water body of sewage treatment plant; If H ' >=H3, the first water conservancy switch is in opening, and the second water conservancy switch is in opening, and ensures to pass through the first water conservancy Switch and the second water conservancy switch water flow it is identical, the 3rd water conservancy switch be closed, the 4th water conservancy switch in section Stream mode;Water body, which enters to regulate and store facility and then flow through a section dirty pipe, to be arranged to sewage treatment plant, without being stored in facility of regulating and storing;
3c) as C >=C1 and H >=H2, if H '<H3, the first water conservancy switch are in opening, and the second water conservancy switch is in Opening, the 3rd water conservancy switch are in opening, and the 4th water conservancy switch is in opening;Part water body is flowed through to regulate and store and set Apply and then flow through a section dirty pipe and arrange to sewage treatment plant, the row of having not enough time to is stored temporarily in facility of regulating and storing to the water body of sewage treatment plant In, part water body is emitted into natural water or the pipeline being connected with natural water into after being handled in line treatment facility, Part water body flows through outlet pipe and enters the pipeline being connected with natural water;If H ' >=H3, the first water conservancy switch is in opening, Second water conservancy switch is in opening, and guarantee is identical with the water flow that the second water conservancy switchs by the first water conservancy switch, 3rd water conservancy switch is in opening, and the 4th water conservancy switch is in opening;Part water body enters regulate and store facility and then stream Arranged through cutting dirty pipe to sewage treatment plant, without being stored in facility of regulating and storing, part water body enters in online treatment facility Natural water or the pipeline being connected with natural water are emitted into after row processing, part water body flows through outlet pipe entrance and natural water Connected pipeline;
4c) work as C<C1 and H<During H2, the first water conservancy switch is in opening, and the second water conservancy switch is closed, 3rd water conservancy switch is in opening, and the 4th water conservancy switch is in current floe condition;Water body, which enters in online treatment facility, to be carried out Natural water or the pipeline being connected with natural water are emitted into after processing;
5c) work as C<C1 and during H >=H2, the first water conservancy switch be in opening, and the second water conservancy is switched and is closed, 3rd water conservancy switch is in opening, and the 4th water conservancy switch is in opening;Part water body enters in online treatment facility Natural water or the pipeline being connected with natural water are emitted into after being handled, part water body flows through outlet pipe entrance and Natural Water The pipeline of body phase even.
Embodiment 7
The present embodiment is to provide a kind of water discharge control method of total amount method control, and the water discharge control method is based on implementation Drainage system described in example 1, the drainage system include control system, and the first monitoring device in the control system includes prison Survey the device of water body total amount and be arranged in shunting well well body on the second water conservancy switch, the second monitoring dress in the control system Put the device including monitoring water body liquid level and be arranged on and regulate and store in facility, shunting well is set in the control unit of the control system The first rain total amount Q1 and the highest reserve-water-level H3 for facility of regulating and storing for needing to dam;Methods described comprises the following steps:
1d) during the rainy day, water body enters shunting well from water inlet, by monitoring the device monitoring in real time of water body total amount by the The water body total amount Q of two water conservancies switch;Water body liquid level H ' in facility of regulating and storing is monitored by the device for monitoring water body liquid level in real time;
2d) work as Q<During Q1, if H '<H3, the first water conservancy switch are in opening, and the second water conservancy switch is in opening state State, the 3rd water conservancy switch are closed, and the 4th water conservancy switch is in current floe condition;Water body is flowed through to regulate and store and facility and then flowed through Cut dirty pipe to arrange to sewage treatment plant, the row of having not enough time to is stored temporarily in facility of regulating and storing to the water body of sewage treatment plant;If H ' >= H3, the first water conservancy switch be in opening, and the second water conservancy switch be in opening, and ensure by the first water conservancy switch with The water flow of second water conservancy switch is identical, and the 3rd water conservancy switch is closed, and the 4th water conservancy switch is in current floe condition; Water body, which enters to regulate and store facility and then flow through a section dirty pipe, to be arranged to sewage treatment plant, without being stored in facility of regulating and storing;
3d) as Q >=Q1, the first water conservancy switch is in opening, and the second water conservancy switch is closed, the 3rd water Profit switch is in opening, and the 4th water conservancy switch is in opening;Part water body, which enters in online treatment facility, to be located It is emitted into natural water or the pipeline being connected with natural water after reason, part water body flows through outlet pipe and entered to be connected with natural water Pipeline.
In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, methods described also comprises the following steps:
4d) during fine day, water body enters shunting well from water inlet, and the first water conservancy switch is in opening, and the second water conservancy is opened Pass is in opening, and the 3rd water conservancy switch is closed, and the 4th water conservancy switch is in current floe condition;Water body, which flows through, regulates and stores Facility so flow through cut a dirty pipe arrange to sewage treatment plant, the row of having not enough time to is stored temporarily in regulate and store and set to the water body of sewage treatment plant Shi Zhong.
Embodiment 8
The present embodiment is to provide a kind of water discharge control method of total amount-water level method control, and the water discharge control method is base In the drainage system described in embodiment 1, the drainage system includes control system, the first monitoring device in the control system Including monitoring the device of water body total amount and being arranged in shunting well well body on the second water conservancy switch, first in the control system Monitoring device also includes the device of monitoring water body liquid level and is arranged in shunting well well body, the second monitoring in the control system Device includes the device of monitoring water body liquid level and is arranged on to regulate and store in facility, and shunting is set in the control unit of the control system Well needs standard first rain total amount Q1, the warning line H2 of shunting well and the highest reserve-water-level H3 for facility of regulating and storing to dam;It is described Method comprises the following steps:
1e) during the rainy day, water body enters shunting well from water inlet, and shunting well is monitored in real time by the device for monitoring water body liquid level The liquid level H of water body in well body, it is total by the device water body that monitoring is switched by the second water conservancy in real time for monitoring water body total amount Measure Q;Water body liquid level H ' in facility of regulating and storing is monitored by the device for monitoring water body liquid level in real time;
2e) work as Q<Q1 and H<During H2, if H '<H3, the first water conservancy switch are in opening, and the second water conservancy switch, which is in, to be opened State is opened, the 3rd water conservancy switch is closed, and the 4th water conservancy switch is in current floe condition;Water body flow through regulate and store facility and then Flow through a section dirty pipe to arrange to sewage treatment plant, the row of having not enough time to is stored temporarily in facility of regulating and storing to the water body of sewage treatment plant;If H ' >=H3, the first water conservancy switch are in opening, and the second water conservancy switch is in opening, and ensures to open by the first water conservancy Pass is identical with the water flow of the second water conservancy switch, and the 3rd water conservancy switch is closed, and the 4th water conservancy switch, which is in, to dam State;Water body, which enters to regulate and store facility and then flow through a section dirty pipe, to be arranged to sewage treatment plant, without being stored in facility of regulating and storing;
3e) as Q >=Q1 and H<During H2, the first water conservancy switch is in opening, and the second water conservancy switch is closed, 3rd water conservancy switch is in opening, and the 4th water conservancy switch is in current floe condition;Water body, which enters in online treatment facility, to be carried out Natural water or the pipeline being connected with natural water are emitted into after processing;
4e) work as Q<Q1 and during H >=H2, if H '<H3, the first water conservancy switch are in opening, and the second water conservancy switch is in Opening, the 3rd water conservancy switch are in opening, and the 4th water conservancy switch is in opening;Part water body is flowed through to regulate and store and set Apply and then flow through a section dirty pipe and arrange to sewage treatment plant, the row of having not enough time to is stored temporarily in facility of regulating and storing to the water body of sewage treatment plant In, part water body is emitted into natural water or the pipeline being connected with natural water into after being handled in line treatment facility, Part water body flows through outlet pipe and enters the pipeline being connected with natural water;If during H ' >=H3, the first water conservancy switch is in opening state State, the second water conservancy switch are in opening, and ensure the water flow phase switched by the first water conservancy switch and the second water conservancy Together, the 3rd water conservancy switch is in opening, and the 4th water conservancy switch is in opening;Part water body enter regulate and store facility and then Flow through a section dirty pipe to arrange to sewage treatment plant, without being stored in facility of regulating and storing, part water body enters in online treatment facility Natural water or the pipeline being connected with natural water are emitted into after being handled, part water body flows through outlet pipe entrance and Natural Water The pipeline of body phase even;
5e) as Q >=Q1 and H >=H2, the first water conservancy switch is in opening, and the second water conservancy switch is in closing shape State, the 3rd water conservancy switch are in opening, and the 4th water conservancy switch is in opening;Part water body enters online treatment facility It is middle handled after the pipeline that is emitted into natural water or is connected with natural water, part water body flows through outlet pipe and enters and nature The connected pipeline of water body.
In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, methods described also comprises the following steps:
6e) during fine day, water body enters shunting well from water inlet, and the first water conservancy switch is in opening, and the second water conservancy is opened Pass is in opening, and the 3rd water conservancy switch is closed, and the 4th water conservancy switch is in current floe condition;Water body, which flows through, regulates and stores Facility so flow through cut a dirty pipe arrange to sewage treatment plant, the row of having not enough time to is stored temporarily in regulate and store and set to the water body of sewage treatment plant Shi Zhong.
Embodiment 9
The present embodiment is to provide a kind of water discharge control method of rainfall method control, and the water discharge control method is based on implementation Drainage system described in example 1, the drainage system include control system, and the first monitoring device in the control system includes prison The device that measures rainfall and it is arranged on outside shunting well well body, the second monitoring device in the control system includes monitoring water body liquid level Device and being arranged on regulate and store in facility, shunting well is set in the control unit of the control system needs rain at the beginning of the standard dammed Rainfall L1 and facility of regulating and storing highest reserve-water-level H3;Methods described comprises the following steps:
1f) water body enters shunting well from water inlet, by the first rain rainfall L of device monitoring in real time for monitoring rainfall;
It is now fine day 2f) as L=0, the first water conservancy switch is in opening, and the second water conservancy switch is in unlatching State, the 3rd water conservancy switch are closed, and the 4th water conservancy switch is in current floe condition;Water body flows through regulate and store facility and then stream Arranged through cutting dirty pipe to sewage treatment plant, the row of having not enough time to is stored temporarily in facility of regulating and storing to the water body of sewage treatment plant;
3f) work as L>It is now the rainy day when 0, water body liquid in facility of regulating and storing is monitored by the device for monitoring water body liquid level in real time Position height H ';
4f) when 0<L<During L1, if H '<H3, the first water conservancy switch are in opening, and the second water conservancy switch is in opening state State, the 3rd water conservancy switch are closed, and the 4th water conservancy switch is in current floe condition;Water body is flowed through to regulate and store and facility and then flowed through Cut dirty pipe to arrange to sewage treatment plant, the row of having not enough time to is stored temporarily in facility of regulating and storing to the water body of sewage treatment plant;If H ' >= H3, the first water conservancy switch be in opening, and the second water conservancy switch be in opening, and ensure by the first water conservancy switch with The water flow of second water conservancy switch is identical, and the 3rd water conservancy switch is closed, and the 4th water conservancy switch is in current floe condition; Water body, which enters to regulate and store facility and then flow through a section dirty pipe, to be arranged to sewage treatment plant, without being stored in facility of regulating and storing;
5f) as L >=L1, the first water conservancy switch is in opening, and the second water conservancy switch is closed, the 3rd water Profit switch is in opening, and the 4th water conservancy switch is in opening;Part water body, which enters in online treatment facility, to be located It is emitted into natural water or the pipeline being connected with natural water after reason, part water body flows through outlet pipe and entered to be connected with natural water Pipeline.
Embodiment 10
The present embodiment is to provide a kind of water discharge control method of rainfall-water level method control, and the water discharge control method is base In the drainage system described in embodiment 1, the drainage system includes control system, the first monitoring device in the control system Including monitoring the device of rainfall and being arranged on outside shunting well well body, the first monitoring device in the control system also includes monitoring The device of water body liquid level and it is arranged in shunting well well body, the second monitoring device in the control system includes monitoring water body liquid The device and being arranged on of position is regulated and stored in facility, is set in the control unit of the control system at the beginning of shunting well needs the standard dammed Rain rainfall L1, the warning line H2 of shunting well and facility of regulating and storing highest reserve-water-level H3;Methods described comprises the following steps:
1g) water body enters shunting well from water inlet, by the first rain rainfall L of device monitoring in real time for monitoring rainfall;
It is now fine day 2g) as L=0, the first water conservancy switch is in opening, and the second water conservancy switch is in unlatching State, the 3rd water conservancy switch are closed, and the 4th water conservancy switch is in current floe condition;Water body flows through regulate and store facility and then stream Arranged through cutting dirty pipe to sewage treatment plant, the row of having not enough time to is stored temporarily in facility of regulating and storing to the water body of sewage treatment plant;
3g) work as L>It is now the rainy day when 0, water body in shunting well well body is monitored by the device for monitoring water body liquid level in real time Liquid level H;Water body liquid level H ' in facility of regulating and storing is monitored by the device for monitoring water body liquid level in real time;
4g) when 0<L<L1 and H<During H2, if H '<H3, the first water conservancy switch are in opening, and the second water conservancy switch is in Opening, the 3rd water conservancy switch are closed, and the 4th water conservancy switch is in current floe condition;Water body flows through facility of regulating and storing and entered And flow through a section dirty pipe and arrange to sewage treatment plant, the row of having not enough time to is stored temporarily in facility of regulating and storing to the water body of sewage treatment plant; If H ' >=H3, the first water conservancy switch is in opening, and the second water conservancy switch is in opening, and ensures to pass through the first water conservancy Switch and the second water conservancy switch water flow it is identical, the 3rd water conservancy switch be closed, the 4th water conservancy switch in section Stream mode;Water body, which enters to regulate and store facility and then flow through a section dirty pipe, to be arranged to sewage treatment plant, without being stored in facility of regulating and storing;
5g) as L >=L1 and H<During H2, the first water conservancy switch is in opening, and the first water conservancy switch is in state of damming, the Two water conservancies switch is closed, and the 3rd water conservancy switch is in opening, and the 4th water conservancy switch is in current floe condition;Water body Natural water or the pipeline being connected with natural water are emitted into after being handled in line treatment facility;
6g) when 0<L<L1 and during H >=H2, if H '<H3, the first water conservancy, which switchs, is in opening, at the second water conservancy switch In opening, the 3rd water conservancy switch is in opening, and the 4th water conservancy switch is in opening;Part water body, which flows through, regulates and stores Facility so flow through cut a dirty pipe arrange to sewage treatment plant, the row of having not enough time to is stored temporarily in regulate and store and set to the water body of sewage treatment plant Shi Zhong, part water body are emitted into natural water or the pipe being connected with natural water into after being handled in line treatment facility Road, part water body flow through outlet pipe and enter the pipeline being connected with natural water;If during H ' >=H3, the first water conservancy switch is in unlatching State, the second water conservancy switch are in opening, and ensure the water flow switched by the first water conservancy switch and the second water conservancy Identical, the 3rd water conservancy switch is in opening, and the 4th water conservancy switch is in opening;Part water body enters facility of regulating and storing and entered And flow through a section dirty pipe and arrange to sewage treatment plant, without being stored in facility of regulating and storing, part water body enters online treatment facility It is middle handled after the pipeline that is emitted into natural water or is connected with natural water, part water body flows through outlet pipe and enters and nature The connected pipeline of water body;
7g) as L >=L1 and H >=H2, the first water conservancy switch is in opening, and the second water conservancy switch is in closing shape State, the 3rd water conservancy switch are in opening, and the 4th water conservancy switch is in opening;Part water body enters online treatment facility It is middle handled after the pipeline that is emitted into natural water or is connected with natural water, part water body flows through outlet pipe and enters and nature The connected pipeline of water body.
Embodiment 11
The present embodiment is to provide a kind of water discharge control method of Time Method control, and the water discharge control method is based on implementation Drainage system described in example 1, the drainage system include control system, and the first monitoring device in the control system includes prison Survey the device of time and be arranged in shunting well well body or outside shunting well well body, the second monitoring device bag in the control system Include the device of monitoring water body liquid level and be arranged on and regulate and store in facility, the established standardses time T1 in the control unit of the control system With the highest reserve-water-level H3 for facility of regulating and storing;Methods described comprises the following steps:
1h) during fine day, water body enters shunting well from water inlet, and the first water conservancy switch is in opening, and the second water conservancy is opened Pass is in opening, and the 3rd water conservancy switch is closed, and the 4th water conservancy switch is in current floe condition;Water body, which flows through, regulates and stores Facility so flow through cut a dirty pipe arrange to sewage treatment plant, the row of having not enough time to is stored temporarily in regulate and store and set to the water body of sewage treatment plant Shi Zhong;
2h) during the rainy day, water body enters shunting well from water inlet, and rain time T is monitored in real time by the device for monitoring the time; Water body liquid level H ' in facility of regulating and storing is monitored by the device for monitoring water body liquid level in real time;
3h) work as T<During T1, if H '<H3, the first water conservancy switch are in opening, and the second water conservancy switch is in opening state State, the 3rd water conservancy switch are closed, and the 4th water conservancy switch is in current floe condition;Water body is flowed through to regulate and store and facility and then flowed through Cut dirty pipe to arrange to sewage treatment plant, the row of having not enough time to is stored temporarily in facility of regulating and storing to the water body of sewage treatment plant;If H ' >= H3, the first water conservancy switch be in opening, and the second water conservancy switch be in opening, and ensure by the first water conservancy switch with The water flow of second water conservancy switch is identical, and the 3rd water conservancy switch is closed, and the 4th water conservancy switch is in current floe condition; Water body, which enters to regulate and store facility and then flow through a section dirty pipe, to be arranged to sewage treatment plant, without being stored in facility of regulating and storing;
4h) as T >=T1, the first water conservancy switch is in opening, and the second water conservancy switch is closed, the 3rd water Profit switch is in opening, and the 4th water conservancy switch is in opening;Part water body, which enters in online treatment facility, to be located It is emitted into natural water or the pipeline being connected with natural water after reason, part water body flows through outlet pipe and entered to be connected with natural water Pipeline.
Embodiment 12
The water discharge control method of m- water level method control when the present embodiment is to provide a kind of, the water discharge control method is base In the drainage system described in embodiment 1, the drainage system includes control system, the first monitoring device in the control system Including monitoring the device of time and being arranged in shunting well well body or outside shunting well well body, the first monitoring in the control system Device also includes the device of monitoring water body liquid level and is arranged in shunting well well body, the second monitoring device in the control system Regulated and stored including monitoring the device of water body liquid level and being arranged in facility, the established standardses time in the control unit of the control system T1, the warning line H2 of shunting well and facility of regulating and storing highest reserve-water-level H3;Methods described comprises the following steps:
1i) during fine day, water body enters shunting well from water inlet, and the first water conservancy switch is in opening, and the second water conservancy is opened Pass is in opening, and the 3rd water conservancy switch is closed, and the 4th water conservancy switch is in current floe condition;Water body, which flows through, regulates and stores Facility so flow through cut a dirty pipe arrange to sewage treatment plant, the row of having not enough time to is stored temporarily in regulate and store and set to the water body of sewage treatment plant Shi Zhong;
2i) during the rainy day, water body enters shunting well from water inlet, and shunting well is monitored in real time by the device for monitoring water body liquid level The liquid level H of water body in well body, rain time T is monitored by the device for monitoring the time in real time;By monitoring water body liquid level Device monitors water body liquid level H ' in facility of regulating and storing in real time;
3i) work as T<T1 and H<During H2, if H '<H3, the first water conservancy switch are in opening, and the second water conservancy switch, which is in, to be opened State is opened, the 3rd water conservancy switch is closed, and the 4th water conservancy switch is in current floe condition;Water body flow through regulate and store facility and then Flow through a section dirty pipe to arrange to sewage treatment plant, the row of having not enough time to is stored temporarily in facility of regulating and storing to the water body of sewage treatment plant;If H ' >=H3, the first water conservancy switch are in opening, and the second water conservancy switch is in opening, and ensures to open by the first water conservancy Pass is identical with the water flow of the second water conservancy switch, and the 3rd water conservancy switch is closed, and the 4th water conservancy switch, which is in, to dam State;Water body, which enters to regulate and store facility and then flow through a section dirty pipe, to be arranged to sewage treatment plant, without being stored in facility of regulating and storing;
4i) as T >=T1 and H<During H2, the first water conservancy switch is in opening, and the first water conservancy switch is in state of damming, the Two water conservancies switch is closed, and the 3rd water conservancy switch is in opening, and the 4th water conservancy switch is in current floe condition;Water body Natural water or the pipeline being connected with natural water are emitted into after being handled in line treatment facility;
5i) work as T<T1 and during H >=H2, if H '<H3, the first water conservancy switch are in opening, and the second water conservancy switch is in Opening, the 3rd water conservancy switch are in opening, and the 4th water conservancy switch is in opening;Part water body is flowed through to regulate and store and set Apply and then flow through a section dirty pipe and arrange to sewage treatment plant, the row of having not enough time to is stored temporarily in facility of regulating and storing to the water body of sewage treatment plant In, part water body is emitted into natural water or the pipeline being connected with natural water into after being handled in line treatment facility, Part water body flows through outlet pipe and enters the pipeline being connected with natural water;If during H ' >=H3, the first water conservancy switch is in opening state State, the second water conservancy switch are in opening, and ensure the water flow phase switched by the first water conservancy switch and the second water conservancy Together, the 3rd water conservancy switch is in opening, and the 4th water conservancy switch is in opening;Part water body enter regulate and store facility and then Flow through a section dirty pipe to arrange to sewage treatment plant, without being stored in facility of regulating and storing, part water body enters in online treatment facility Natural water or the pipeline being connected with natural water are emitted into after being handled, part water body flows through outlet pipe entrance and Natural Water The pipeline of body phase even;
6i) as T >=T1 and H >=H2, the first water conservancy switch is in opening, and the second water conservancy switch is in closing shape State, the 3rd water conservancy switch are in opening, and the 4th water conservancy switch is in opening;Part water body enters online treatment facility It is middle handled after the pipeline that is emitted into natural water or is connected with natural water, part water body flows through outlet pipe and enters and nature The connected pipeline of water body.
Embodiment 13
When the drainage system includes integrated treatment facility, that is, when corresponding to the drainage system of embodiment 3, above-mentioned implementation Example 4-12 method respectively further comprises following steps:
The second monitoring device in the control system includes monitoring the device of water body total amount and being arranged on the 8th water conservancy opening Shut, the water body total amount Q8 in the facility of regulating and storing is set in the control unit of the control system;
Water body total amount Q8 ' in facility of regulating and storing is monitored by the device for monitoring water body total amount in real time;
As Q8 ' >=Q8, the 8th water conservancy switch is in opening, and ensures that water body flows through the 8th water with constant flow Profit switch;
Work as Q8 '<During Q8, the 8th water conservancy switch is closed.
In above-described embodiment 4-12, according to shunting well to physical features minimum point in receivable aqua region when ponding risk occurs Height sets the warning line H2 of shunting well in the control unit of the control system.
In above-described embodiment 4-12, set according to the carrying capacity of the facility of regulating and storing in the control unit of the control system The highest reserve-water-level H3 of the facility of regulating and storing.
In above-described embodiment 4-12, the device of the monitoring water body liquid level is liquid level sensor, liquid level gauge, liquid-level switch Deng.
In above-described embodiment 4-12, according to the environmental carrying capacity for the natural water being discharged into and the water quality into shunting well Pollutant concentration standard value C1 is set in the control unit of the control system.
In above-described embodiment 4-12, according to the environmental carrying capacity for the natural water being discharged into and the water quality into shunting well The highest pollutant concentration that can be handled with online treatment facility sets pollutant concentration excessive value C2 in the control unit.
In above-described embodiment 4-12, it is described monitoring water quality device for Water quality detector, online COD monitors, Line ammonia nitrogen monitor, online TSS monitors, online BOD monitors, online NH3- N monitors, online TP monitors, online TN Monitor, electrode, conductivity meter etc., its monitor be pollutant in water body in shunting well well body concentration, the pollutant bag Include TSS, COD, BOD, NH3One or more in-N, TN or TP.
In above-described embodiment 4-12, the Water quality detector can be using electrode method, UV optical methods, optical scattering method etc. Realize the detection to water quality.
In above-described embodiment 4-12, the environmental carrying capacity of the natural water that the shunting well is discharged into can be natural water such as Rivers,lakes and seas;When the environmental carrying capacity of the natural water is larger (such as ocean), pollutant concentration standard value C1 can be properly increased; When the environmental carrying capacity of the natural water is smaller (such as lake), pollutant concentration standard value C1 can be reduced suitably.When it is described enter Enter shunting well water quality it is preferable when, such as be middle and later periods rainwater, pollutant concentration standard value C1 can be reduced suitably;When described Into shunting well water quality it is poor when, such as be sanitary sewage and/or early-stage rainwater, pollutant concentration standard value C1 can be fitted Work as raising.The purpose is to pollution of the reduction as few as possible to natural water.
In above-described embodiment 4-12, pollutant concentration excessive value C2 is also suitable above-mentioned setting principle, on this basis, institute It is also relevant with the treatable upper limit of concentration of online treatment facility to state pollutant concentration excessive value C2 established standardses, is generally not more than The treatable upper limit of concentration of online treatment facility.
In above-described embodiment 4-12, according to shunting well to the first rain total amount of required collection in receivable aqua region in the control The first rain total amount Q1 of standard that shunting well needs to dam is set in the control unit of system.
In above-described embodiment 4-12, existed according to the disposal ability of the carrying capacity of the facility of regulating and storing and integrated treatment facility The water body total amount Q8 in the facility of regulating and storing is set in the control unit of the control system.
In above-described embodiment 4-12, the device of the monitoring water body total amount is selected from the electronic headstock gear with function of measuring.
In above-described embodiment 4-12, according to shunting well to the first rain millimeter of required collection in receivable aqua region in the control The first rain rainfall L1 of standard that shunting well needs to dam is set in the control unit of system processed.
In above-described embodiment 4-12, the device of the monitoring rainfall is rainfall gauge.
In above-described embodiment 4-12, according to the rain time of early-stage rainwater and shunting well to early-stage rainwater in receivable aqua region The time that whole footpaths are flowed to required for shunting well established standardses time T1 in the control unit of the control system.
In above-described embodiment 4-12, the device of the monitoring time is timer.
In above-described embodiment 4-12, the second water conservancy switch, the 3rd water conservancy switch and the 8th water conservancy switch can be realized Maximum current-limiting function, it is in the maximum stream flow that the flow value that opening refers to switch by the water conservancy is less than or equal to setting Value, this can be realized by the aperture that the control unit regulation water conservancy in control system switchs.
In above-described embodiment 4-12, the 4th water conservancy switch refers to that water body can be by the water conservancy in opening Switch flows to natural water.
In above-described embodiment 4-12, the 4th water conservancy switch refers to adjust opening for the 4th water conservancy switch in current floe condition Degree, ensures that water body dams in the upstream end of water conservancy switch, it is impossible to flows to natural water by water conservancy switch.
In above-described embodiment 4-12, water conservancy switch is closed referring to the water body switched by the water conservancy Flow value is zero.
In above-described embodiment 4-12, the first water conservancy switch, the second water conservancy switch, the 3rd water conservancy switch and the 8th water conservancy Switch can realize maximum current-limiting function, and it is in the flow value that opening refers to switch by the water conservancy and is less than or equal to set Fixed peak flow values, this can be realized by the aperture that the control unit regulation water conservancy in control system switchs.
In above-described embodiment 4-12, the 4th water conservancy switch refers to that water body can be by the water conservancy in opening Switch flows to natural water.
In above-described embodiment 4-12, the 4th water conservancy switch refers to adjust opening for the 4th water conservancy switch in current floe condition Degree, ensures that water body dams in the upstream end of water conservancy switch, it is impossible to flows to natural water by water conservancy switch.
In above-described embodiment 4-12, water conservancy switch is closed referring to the water body switched by the water conservancy Flow value is zero.
More than, embodiments of the present invention are illustrated.But the present invention is not limited to above-mentioned embodiment.It is all Within the spirit and principles in the present invention, any modification, equivalent substitution and improvements done etc., it should be included in the guarantor of the present invention Within the scope of shield.

Claims (11)

1. a kind of drainage system, it is characterised in that the drainage system includes shunting well, and the shunting well includes shunting well well body It is that water inlet, the first delivery port, the second delivery port and the 3rd go out respectively be arranged in the shunting well well body four openings The mouth of a river;
The drainage system also includes water passage, regulate and store facility and section dirty pipe;
The arrival end of the water passage is connected with the first delivery port in shunting well;The water passage and facility phase of regulating and storing Even;The port of export of the water passage is connected with cutting dirty pipe;
The drainage system is additionally included in line treatment facility, and the online treatment facility is connected with the second delivery port;
The drainage system also includes the first water conservancy switch, the second water conservancy switch, the 3rd water conservancy switch and the 4th water conservancy switch;Its In, set the first water conservancy to switch in the port of export close to the water passage, pass through the port of export of water passage for controlling Water amount;The second water conservancy is being set to switch close to first water outlet, for controlling the water amount by the first delivery port; The 3rd water conservancy is being set to switch close to second water outlet, for controlling the water amount by the second delivery port;Close 3rd water outlet sets the 4th water conservancy to switch, for controlling the water amount by the 3rd delivery port.
Preferably, the drainage system also includes control system, and the control system includes the first monitoring device, the second monitoring dress The control unit put and be connected with its signal;Described control unit is switched with the first water conservancy, the second water conservancy switch, the 3rd water conservancy are opened Pass connects with the 4th water conservancy switching signal;First monitoring device and the second monitoring device are used for monitoring signals and by monitorings Signal is conveyed to control unit, and control unit controls the first water conservancy switch, the second water conservancy switch, the 3rd water according to the signal of reception The aperture of profit switch and the 4th water conservancy switch.
Preferably, the water passage be selected from waterpower switch buffering gallery, with waterpower switch mistake water lines and can At least one of pipeline of overflow.
Preferably, the water passage is arranged on regulate and store installation atop or inside;Or the water passage is with regulating and storing facility simultaneously Row sets and switched by waterpower and connected.
When water passage be with waterpower switch buffering gallery or with waterpower switch mistake water lines when, the water passage Regulate and store installation atop or inside can be arranged on;Or the water passage is set parallel with facility of regulating and storing.When the water of crossing leads to When water body in road has little time discharge, water body is acted on by pressure, is washed waterpower switch open, is temporarily stored into facility of regulating and storing.
When water passage for can overflow pipeline when, the water passage can be arranged on regulate and store installation atop or inside.Work as institute When stating the water body in water passage and having little time discharge, by pipeline, the water body of overflow enters in facility of regulating and storing temporarily for water body overflow Storage.
Preferably, just rain pipe can also be set between the water passage and the first delivery port.
Preferably, the online treatment facility is connected by handling pipeline or gallery online with the second delivery port.
Preferably, the drainage system also includes outlet pipe;3rd delivery port is by outlet pipe with leading to natural water Pipeline is connected.
Preferably, the drainage system also includes integrated treatment facility, the port of export and integrated treatment of the facility of regulating and storing The arrival end of facility is connected.
Preferably, the drainage system also includes the 8th water conservancy switch;In the port of export close to the facility of regulating and storing or integration Set the 8th water conservancy to switch at the arrival end for the treatment of facility, set for controlling by the port of export or integrated treatment for facility of regulating and storing The water amount for the arrival end applied.
Preferably, the 8th water conservancy switch is connected with control unit signal, and control unit controls the 8th according to the signal of reception The aperture of water conservancy switch.
Preferably, the device that first monitoring device includes monitoring water body liquid level (such as can be liquid level sensor, liquid level Meter, liquid-level switch etc.), the device for monitoring water quality (such as can be Water quality detector, online COD monitors, online TSS Monitor, online BOD monitors, online TN monitors, online TP monitors, online NH3- N monitors, online NH 3 Instrument, electrode, conductivity meter etc.), the device (such as can be electronic headstock gear with function of measuring etc.) of monitoring water body total amount, The device (such as rainfall gauge) of rainfall is monitored, monitors at least one of device (such as timer) of time.
Preferably, first monitoring device may be provided in shunting well well body or outside shunting well well body according to type demand, example Such as, the device of the device and monitoring water quality that monitor water body liquid level is arranged in shunting well well body, and the device for monitoring rainfall is set Put outside shunting well well body, the device of monitoring water body total amount is arranged on the water conservancy switch in shunting well well body, monitors the time Device is arranged in shunting well well body or outside well body.
Preferably, the device that second monitoring device includes monitoring water body liquid level (such as can be liquid level sensor, liquid level Meter, liquid-level switch etc.), monitor in the device (such as can be electronic headstock gear with function of measuring etc.) of water body total amount extremely Few one kind.
Preferably, second monitoring device may be provided at according to type demand regulates and stores in facility or regulates and stores outside facility.For example, prison The device of survey water body liquid level, which is arranged on, regulates and stores in facility;The device of the monitoring water body total amount is arranged on the 8th water conservancy switch.
Preferably, the online treatment facility can be multiple online treatment facilities of serial or parallel connection;The online processing is set Apply including biofilter, online processing pond, flocculation basin, inclined-plate clarifying basin, setting pot or artificial swamp etc..
Preferably, the facility of regulating and storing can be the multiple facilities of regulating and storing of serial or parallel connection in drainage system;The facility bag of regulating and storing Include storage pond, box culvert of regulating and storing, deep tunnel or shallow tunnel etc..
Preferably, the integrated treatment facility can be multiple integrated treatment facilities of serial or parallel connection;The integration Treatment facility includes integrated sewage disposal station etc..
Preferably, the first water conservancy switch, the second water conservancy switch, the 3rd water conservancy switch and the 4th water conservancy switch separately Selected from valve (ball valve, gate valve, knife gate valve, butterfly valve, lift rubber slab dam check-valves etc.), gate (upper open type gate, under open Formula gate etc.), weir gate (upper open type weir gate, bottom-open type weir gate, rotary weir gate etc.), one kind in flap valve (flap valve that dams etc.).
Preferably, the first water conservancy switch can realize maximum current-limiting function, that is, ensure what is switched by first water conservancy Flow value of the flow not over setting.
Preferably, the second water conservancy switch can realize maximum current-limiting function, that is, ensure what is switched by second water conservancy Flow value of the flow not over setting.
Preferably, the 3rd water conservancy switch can realize maximum current-limiting function, that is, ensure what is switched by the 3rd water conservancy Flow value of the flow not over setting.
Preferably, selected from valve, (ball valve, gate valve, knife gate valve, butterfly valve, lift rubber slab dam only the 8th water conservancy switch Return valve etc.), gate (upper open type gate, bottom-open type gate etc.), weir gate (upper open type weir gate, bottom-open type weir gate, rotary weir gate Deng), one kind in flap valve (flap valve that dams etc.).
Preferably, the 8th water conservancy switch can realize maximum current-limiting function, that is, ensure what is switched by the 8th water conservancy Flow value of the flow not over setting.
2. a kind of water discharge control method of water level method control, the water discharge control method is based on the draining described in claim 1 System, the drainage system include control system, and the first monitoring device in the control system includes monitoring water body liquid level Device and it is arranged in shunting well well body, the second monitoring device in the control system includes the dress of monitoring water body liquid level respectively Put and be arranged on and regulate and store in facility, the warning line H2 of shunting well and facility of regulating and storing are set in the control unit of the control system Highest reserve-water-level H3;Methods described comprises the following steps:
1a) water body enters shunting well from water inlet, and water body in shunting well well body is monitored in real time by the device for monitoring water body liquid level Liquid level H;Water body liquid level H ' in facility of regulating and storing is monitored by the device for monitoring water body liquid level in real time;
2a) work as H<H2 and H '<During H3, the first water conservancy switch is in opening, and the second water conservancy, which switchs, is in opening, and the 3rd Water conservancy switch is closed, and the 4th water conservancy switch is in current floe condition;
3a) work as H<H2 and during H ' >=H3, the first water conservancy switch be in opening, and the second water conservancy switchs and is in opening, and Guarantee is identical with the water flow that the second water conservancy switchs by the first water conservancy switch, and the 3rd water conservancy switch is closed, the Four water conservancies switch is in current floe condition;
4a) as H >=H2, if H '<H3, the first water conservancy switch are in opening, and the second water conservancy switch is in opening, the Three water conservancies switch is in opening, and the 4th water conservancy switch is in opening;If H ' >=H3, the first water conservancy switch is in unlatching State, the second water conservancy switch are in opening, and ensure the water flow switched by the first water conservancy switch and the second water conservancy Identical, the 3rd water conservancy switch is in opening, and the 4th water conservancy switch is in opening.
Preferably, according to shunting well to height of the physical features minimum point in receivable aqua region when ponding risk occurs in the control system The warning line H2 of shunting well is set in the control unit of system.
Preferably, this is set in the control unit of the control system according to the carrying capacity of the facility of regulating and storing and regulates and stores facility most High reserve-water-level H3.
Preferably, the device of the monitoring water body liquid level is liquid level sensor, liquid level gauge, liquid-level switch etc..
3. a kind of water discharge control method of water quality method control, the water discharge control method is based on the draining described in claim 1 System, the drainage system include control system, and the first monitoring device in the control system includes monitoring water quality Device and be arranged in shunting well well body, the second monitoring device in the control system include the device of monitoring water body liquid level and It is arranged on and regulates and stores in facility, sets pollutant concentration standard value C1 in the control unit of the control system, pollutant concentration surpasses Scale value C2 and facility of regulating and storing highest reserve-water-level H3;Methods described comprises the following steps:
1b) water body enters shunting well from water inlet, and water quality in shunting well is monitored in real time by the device for monitoring water quality C;Water body liquid level H ' in facility of regulating and storing is monitored by the device for monitoring water body liquid level in real time;
2b) as C >=C2 and H '<During H3, the first water conservancy switch is in opening, and the second water conservancy switch is in opening, the Three water conservancies switch is closed, and the 4th water conservancy switch is in current floe condition;
3b) as C >=C2 and H ' >=H3, the first water conservancy switch is in opening, and the second water conservancy switch is in opening, and Guarantee is identical with the water flow that the second water conservancy switchs by the first water conservancy switch, and the 3rd water conservancy switch is closed, the Four water conservancies switch is in current floe condition;
4b) work as C2>During C >=C1, the first water conservancy switch is in opening, and the second water conservancy switch is closed, the 3rd water Profit switch is in opening, and the 4th water conservancy switch is in current floe condition;
5b) work as C<During C1, the first water conservancy switch is in opening, and the second water conservancy switch is closed, and the 3rd water conservancy is opened Pass is in opening, and the 4th water conservancy switch is in opening.
Preferably, this is set in the control unit of the control system according to the carrying capacity of the facility of regulating and storing and regulates and stores facility most High reserve-water-level H3.
Preferably, the device of the monitoring water body liquid level is liquid level sensor, liquid level gauge, liquid-level switch etc..
Preferably, according to the water quality of the environmental carrying capacity for the natural water being discharged into and entrance shunting well in the control system Pollutant concentration standard value C1 is set in control unit.
Preferably, the water quality according to the environmental carrying capacity for the natural water being discharged into and into shunting well and online treatment facility The highest pollutant concentration that can be handled sets pollutant concentration excessive value C2 in the control unit.
Preferably, it is described monitoring water quality device for Water quality detector, online COD monitors, online ammonia nitrogen monitor, Line TSS monitors, online BOD monitors, online NH3- N monitors, online TP monitors, online TN monitors, electrode, conductance Rate instrument etc., its monitor be pollutant in water body in shunting well well body concentration, the pollutant include TSS, COD, BOD, NH3One or more in-N, TN or TP.
Preferably, the Water quality detector can be realized using electrode method, UV optical methods, optical scattering method etc. to water quality Detection.
4. a kind of water discharge control method of water level-water quality method control, the water discharge control method is based on described in claim 1 Drainage system, the drainage system include control system, and the first monitoring device in the control system includes monitoring water body liquid Position device and monitoring water quality device and be arranged in shunting well well body, in the control system second monitoring dress Put the device including monitoring water body liquid level and be arranged on and regulate and store in facility, shunting well is set in the control unit of the control system Warning line H2, pollutant concentration standard value C1 and facility of regulating and storing highest reserve-water-level H3;Methods described includes following step Suddenly:
1c) water body enters shunting well from water inlet, and water body in shunting well well body is monitored in real time by the device for monitoring water body liquid level Liquid level H, water quality C in shunting well is monitored by the device for monitoring water quality in real time;By monitoring water body liquid level Device monitoring in real time regulate and store water body liquid level H ' in facility;
2c) as C >=C1 and H<During H2, if H '<H3, the first water conservancy switch are in opening, and the second water conservancy switch is in unlatching State, the 3rd water conservancy switch are closed, and the 4th water conservancy switch is in current floe condition;If H ' >=H3, the first water conservancy switch In opening, the second water conservancy switch is in opening, and ensures what is switched by the first water conservancy switch and the second water conservancy Water flow is identical, and the 3rd water conservancy switch is closed, and the 4th water conservancy switch is in current floe condition;
3c) as C >=C1 and H >=H2, if H '<H3, the first water conservancy switch are in opening, and the second water conservancy switch is in unlatching State, the 3rd water conservancy switch are in opening, and the 4th water conservancy switch is in opening;If H ' >=H3, the first water conservancy switch In opening, the second water conservancy switch is in opening, and ensures what is switched by the first water conservancy switch and the second water conservancy Water flow is identical, and the 3rd water conservancy switch is in opening, and the 4th water conservancy switch is in opening;
4c) work as C<C1 and H<During H2, the first water conservancy switch is in opening, and the second water conservancy switch is closed, and the 3rd Water conservancy switch is in opening, and the 4th water conservancy switch is in current floe condition;
5c) work as C<C1 and during H >=H2, the first water conservancy switch be in opening, and the second water conservancy is switched and is closed, and the 3rd Water conservancy switch is in opening, and the 4th water conservancy switch is in opening.
Preferably, according to shunting well to height of the physical features minimum point in receivable aqua region when ponding risk occurs in the control system The warning line H2 of shunting well is set in the control unit of system.
Preferably, this is set in the control unit of the control system according to the carrying capacity of the facility of regulating and storing and regulates and stores facility most High reserve-water-level H3.
Preferably, the device of the monitoring water body liquid level is liquid level sensor, liquid level gauge, liquid-level switch etc..
Preferably, according to the water quality of the environmental carrying capacity for the natural water being discharged into and entrance shunting well in the control system Pollutant concentration standard value C1 is set in control unit.
Preferably, it is described monitoring water quality device for Water quality detector, online COD monitors, online ammonia nitrogen monitor, Line TSS monitors, online BOD monitors, online NH3- N monitors, online TP monitors, online TN monitors, electrode, conductance Rate instrument etc., its monitor be pollutant in water body in shunting well well body concentration, the pollutant include TSS, COD, BOD, NH3One or more in-N, TN or TP.
Preferably, the Water quality detector can be realized using electrode method, UV optical methods, optical scattering method etc. to water quality Detection.
5. a kind of water discharge control method of total amount method control, the water discharge control method is based on the draining described in claim 1 System, the drainage system include control system, and the first monitoring device in the control system includes monitoring water body total amount Device and it is arranged in shunting well well body on the second water conservancy switch, the second monitoring device in the control system includes monitoring water The device of body fluid position and being arranged on is regulated and stored in facility, set that shunting well needs to dam in the control unit of the control system just Rain total amount Q1 and facility of regulating and storing highest reserve-water-level H3;Methods described comprises the following steps:
1d) during the rainy day, water body enters shunting well from water inlet, and by monitoring the device of water body total amount, monitoring passes through the second water in real time The water body total amount Q of profit switch;Water body liquid level H ' in facility of regulating and storing is monitored by the device for monitoring water body liquid level in real time;
2d) work as Q<During Q1, if H '<H3, the first water conservancy switch are in opening, and the second water conservancy switch is in opening, the Three water conservancies switch is closed, and the 4th water conservancy switch is in current floe condition;If H ' >=H3, the first water conservancy switch is in unlatching State, the second water conservancy switch are in opening, and ensure the water flow switched by the first water conservancy switch and the second water conservancy Identical, the 3rd water conservancy switch is closed, and the 4th water conservancy switch is in current floe condition;
3d) as Q >=Q1, the first water conservancy switch is in opening, and the second water conservancy switch is closed, and the 3rd water conservancy is opened Pass is in opening, and the 4th water conservancy switch is in opening.
Preferably, methods described also comprises the following steps:
4d) during fine day, water body enters shunting well from water inlet, and the first water conservancy, which switchs, is in opening, at the second water conservancy switch In opening, the 3rd water conservancy switch is closed, and the 4th water conservancy switch is in current floe condition.
Preferably, this is set in the control unit of the control system according to the carrying capacity of the facility of regulating and storing and regulates and stores facility most High reserve-water-level H3.
Preferably, the device of the monitoring water body liquid level is liquid level sensor, liquid level gauge, liquid-level switch etc..
Preferably, according to shunting well to the first rain total amount of required collection in receivable aqua region the control system control unit Middle setting shunting well needs the first rain total amount Q1 of standard to dam.
Preferably, the device of the monitoring water body total amount is selected from the electronic headstock gear with function of measuring.
6. a kind of water discharge control method of total amount-water level method control, the water discharge control method is based on described in claim 1 Drainage system, the drainage system include control system, and it is total that the first monitoring device in the control system includes monitoring water body The device of amount and it is arranged in shunting well well body on the second water conservancy switch, the first monitoring device in the control system also includes Monitor the device of water body liquid level and be arranged in shunting well well body, the second monitoring device in the control system includes monitoring water The device of body fluid position and being arranged on is regulated and stored in facility, and the mark that shunting well needs to dam is set in the control unit of the control system Accurate just rain total amount Q1, the warning line H2 of shunting well and the highest reserve-water-level H3 for facility of regulating and storing;Methods described includes following step Suddenly:
1e) during the rainy day, water body enters shunting well from water inlet, and shunting well well body is monitored in real time by the device for monitoring water body liquid level The liquid level H of interior water body, by the device water body total amount Q that monitoring is switched by the second water conservancy in real time for monitoring water body total amount; Water body liquid level H ' in facility of regulating and storing is monitored by the device for monitoring water body liquid level in real time;
2e) work as Q<Q1 and H<During H2, if H '<H3, the first water conservancy switch are in opening, and the second water conservancy switch is in opening state State, the 3rd water conservancy switch are closed, and the 4th water conservancy switch is in current floe condition;If H ' >=H3, at the first water conservancy switch In opening, the second water conservancy switch is in opening, and ensures the water switched by the first water conservancy switch and the second water conservancy Body flow is identical, and the 3rd water conservancy switch is closed, and the 4th water conservancy switch is in current floe condition;
3e) as Q >=Q1 and H<During H2, the first water conservancy switch is in opening, and the second water conservancy switch is closed, and the 3rd Water conservancy switch is in opening, and the 4th water conservancy switch is in current floe condition;
4e) work as Q<Q1 and during H >=H2, if H '<H3, the first water conservancy switch are in opening, and the second water conservancy switch is in unlatching State, the 3rd water conservancy switch are in opening, and the 4th water conservancy switch is in opening;If during H ' >=H3, the first water conservancy is opened Pass is in opening, and the second water conservancy switch is in opening, and ensures to switch by the first water conservancy switch and the second water conservancy Water flow it is identical, the 3rd water conservancy switch be in opening, and the 4th water conservancy switchs and is in opening;
5e) as Q >=Q1 and H >=H2, the is closed with water conservancy switch, and the second water conservancy switch is closed, the Three water conservancies switch is in opening, and the 4th water conservancy switch is in opening.
Preferably, methods described also comprises the following steps:
6e) during fine day, water body enters shunting well from water inlet, and the first water conservancy, which switchs, is in opening, at the second water conservancy switch In opening, the 3rd water conservancy switch is closed, and the 4th water conservancy switch is in current floe condition.
Preferably, according to shunting well to height of the physical features minimum point in receivable aqua region when ponding risk occurs in the control system The warning line H2 of shunting well is set in the control unit of system.
Preferably, this is set in the control unit of the control system according to the carrying capacity of the facility of regulating and storing and regulates and stores facility most High reserve-water-level H3.
Preferably, the device of the monitoring water body liquid level is liquid level sensor, liquid level gauge, liquid-level switch etc..
Preferably, according to shunting well to the first rain total amount of required collection in receivable aqua region the control system control unit Middle setting shunting well needs the first rain total amount Q1 of standard to dam.
Preferably, the device of the monitoring water body total amount is selected from the electronic headstock gear with function of measuring.
7. a kind of water discharge control method of rainfall method control, the water discharge control method is based on the draining described in claim 1 System, the drainage system include control system, and the first monitoring device in the control system includes the device of monitoring rainfall And be arranged on outside shunting well well body, the second monitoring device in the control system includes the device of monitoring water body liquid level and setting In facility of regulating and storing, rain rainfall L1 at the beginning of shunting well needs the standard dammed is set in the control unit of the control system and is regulated and stored The highest reserve-water-level H3 of facility;Methods described comprises the following steps:
1f) water body enters shunting well from water inlet, by the first rain rainfall L of device monitoring in real time for monitoring rainfall;
It is now fine day 2f) as L=0, the first water conservancy switch is in opening, and the second water conservancy switch is in opening, 3rd water conservancy switch is closed, and the 4th water conservancy switch is in current floe condition;
3f) work as L>It it is now the rainy day when 0, it is high that the device by monitoring water body liquid level monitors water body liquid level in facility of regulating and storing in real time Spend H ';
4f) when 0<L<During L1, if H '<H3, the first water conservancy switch are in opening, and the second water conservancy switch is in opening, 3rd water conservancy switch is closed, and the 4th water conservancy switch is in current floe condition;If H ' >=H3, the first water conservancy switch, which is in, to be opened State is opened, the second water conservancy switch is in opening, and ensures the water body stream switched by the first water conservancy switch and the second water conservancy Measure it is identical, the 3rd water conservancy switch be closed, the 4th water conservancy switch be in current floe condition;
5f) as L >=L1, the first water conservancy switch is in opening, and the second water conservancy switch is closed, and the 3rd water conservancy is opened Pass is in opening, and the 4th water conservancy switch is in opening.
Preferably, this is set in the control unit of the control system according to the carrying capacity of the facility of regulating and storing and regulates and stores facility most High reserve-water-level H3.
Preferably, the device of the monitoring water body liquid level is liquid level sensor, liquid level gauge, liquid-level switch etc..
Preferably, according to shunting well to the first rain millimeter of required collection in receivable aqua region the control system control list The first rain rainfall L1 of standard that shunting well needs to dam is set in member.
Preferably, the device of the monitoring rainfall is rainfall gauge.
8. a kind of water discharge control method of rainfall-water level method control, the water discharge control method is based on described in claim 1 Drainage system, the drainage system include control system, and the first monitoring device in the control system includes monitoring rainfall Device and it is arranged on outside shunting well well body, the first monitoring device in the control system also includes the device of monitoring water body liquid level And be arranged in shunting well well body, the second monitoring device in the control system includes the device of monitoring water body liquid level and setting In facility of regulating and storing, rain rainfall L1, shunting at the beginning of the standard that shunting well needs dam are set in the control unit of the control system The warning line H2 of well and facility of regulating and storing highest reserve-water-level H3;Methods described comprises the following steps:
1g) water body enters shunting well from water inlet, by the first rain rainfall L of device monitoring in real time for monitoring rainfall;
It is now fine day 2g) as L=0, the first water conservancy switch is in opening, and the second water conservancy switch is in opening, 3rd water conservancy switch is closed, and the 4th water conservancy switch is in current floe condition;
3g) work as L>It it is now the rainy day when 0, the device by monitoring water body liquid level monitors the liquid of water body in shunting well well body in real time Position height H;Water body liquid level H ' in facility of regulating and storing is monitored by the device for monitoring water body liquid level in real time;
4g) when 0<L<L1 and H<During H2, if H '<H3, the first water conservancy switch are in opening, and the second water conservancy switch is in unlatching State, the 3rd water conservancy switch are closed, and the 4th water conservancy switch is in current floe condition;If H ' >=H3, the first water conservancy switch In opening, the second water conservancy switch is in opening, and ensures what is switched by the first water conservancy switch and the second water conservancy Water flow is identical, and the 3rd water conservancy switch is closed, and the 4th water conservancy switch is in current floe condition;
5g) as L >=L1 and H<During H2, the first water conservancy switch is in opening, and the first water conservancy switch is in state of damming, the second water Profit switch is closed, and the 3rd water conservancy switch is in opening, and the 4th water conservancy switch is in current floe condition;
6g) when 0<L<L1 and during H >=H2, if H '<H3, the first water conservancy switch are in opening, and the second water conservancy switch, which is in, to be opened State is opened, the 3rd water conservancy switch is in opening, and the 4th water conservancy switch is in opening;If during H ' >=H3, the first water conservancy Switch is in opening, and the second water conservancy switch is in opening, and ensures to open by the first water conservancy switch and the second water conservancy The water flow of pass is identical, and the 3rd water conservancy switch is in opening, and the 4th water conservancy switch is in opening;
7g) as L >=L1 and H >=H2, the is closed with water conservancy switch, and the second water conservancy switch is closed, the Three water conservancies switch is in opening, and the 4th water conservancy switch is in opening.
Preferably, according to shunting well to height of the physical features minimum point in receivable aqua region when ponding risk occurs in the control system The warning line H2 of shunting well is set in the control unit of system.
Preferably, this is set in the control unit of the control system according to the carrying capacity of the facility of regulating and storing and regulates and stores facility most High reserve-water-level H3.
Preferably, the device of the monitoring water body liquid level is liquid level sensor, liquid level gauge, liquid-level switch etc..
Preferably, according to shunting well to the first rain millimeter of required collection in receivable aqua region the control system control list The first rain rainfall L1 of standard that shunting well needs to dam is set in member.
Preferably, the device of the monitoring rainfall is rainfall gauge.
9. a kind of water discharge control method of Time Method control, the water discharge control method is based on the draining described in claim 1 System, the drainage system include control system, and the first monitoring device in the control system includes the device of monitoring time And be arranged in shunting well well body or outside shunting well well body, the second monitoring device in the control system includes monitoring water body liquid The device and being arranged on of position is regulated and stored in facility, established standardses time T1 and facility of regulating and storing in the control unit of the control system Highest reserve-water-level H3;Methods described comprises the following steps:
1h) during fine day, water body enters shunting well from water inlet, and the first water conservancy, which switchs, is in opening, at the second water conservancy switch In opening, the 3rd water conservancy switch is closed, and the 4th water conservancy switch is in current floe condition;
2h) during the rainy day, water body enters shunting well from water inlet, and rain time T is monitored in real time by the device for monitoring the time;Pass through The device for monitoring water body liquid level monitors water body liquid level H ' in facility of regulating and storing in real time;
3h) work as T<During T1, if H '<H3, the first water conservancy switch are in opening, and the second water conservancy switch is in opening, the Three water conservancies switch is closed, and the 4th water conservancy switch is in current floe condition;If H ' >=H3, the first water conservancy switch is in unlatching State, the second water conservancy switch are in opening, and ensure the water flow switched by the first water conservancy switch and the second water conservancy Identical, the 3rd water conservancy switch is closed, and the 4th water conservancy switch is in current floe condition;
4h) as T >=T1, the first water conservancy switch is in opening, and the second water conservancy switch is closed, and the 3rd water conservancy is opened Pass is in opening, and the 4th water conservancy switch is in opening.
Preferably, this is set in the control unit of the control system according to the carrying capacity of the facility of regulating and storing and regulates and stores facility most High reserve-water-level H3.
Preferably, the device of the monitoring water body liquid level is liquid level sensor, liquid level gauge, liquid-level switch etc..
Preferably, shunting is flowed to early-stage rainwater whole footpath in receivable aqua region according to the rain time of early-stage rainwater and shunting well Time required for well established standardses time T1 in the control unit of the control system.
Preferably, the device of the monitoring time is timer.
10. the water discharge control method of m- water level method control, the water discharge control method are based on described in claim 1 when a kind of Drainage system, the drainage system includes control system, and the first monitoring device in the control system includes the monitoring time Device and be arranged in shunting well well body or shunting well well body outside, the first monitoring device in the control system also includes prison Survey the device of water body liquid level and be arranged in shunting well well body, the second monitoring device in the control system includes monitoring water body The device of liquid level and being arranged on regulates and stores in facility, established standardses time T1, shunting well in the control unit of the control system Warning line H2 and facility of regulating and storing highest reserve-water-level H3;Methods described comprises the following steps:
1i) during fine day, water body enters shunting well from water inlet, and the first water conservancy, which switchs, is in opening, at the second water conservancy switch In opening, the 3rd water conservancy switch is closed, and the 4th water conservancy switch is in current floe condition;
2i) during the rainy day, water body enters shunting well from water inlet, and shunting well well body is monitored in real time by the device for monitoring water body liquid level The liquid level H of interior water body, rain time T is monitored by the device for monitoring the time in real time;By the device for monitoring water body liquid level Water body liquid level H ' in facility of regulating and storing is monitored in real time;
3i) work as T<T1 and H<During H2, if H '<H3, the first water conservancy switch are in opening, and the second water conservancy switch is in opening state State, the 3rd water conservancy switch are closed, and the 4th water conservancy switch is in current floe condition;If H ' >=H3, at the first water conservancy switch In opening, the second water conservancy switch is in opening, and ensures the water switched by the first water conservancy switch and the second water conservancy Body flow is identical, and the 3rd water conservancy switch is closed, and the 4th water conservancy switch is in current floe condition;
4i) as T >=T1 and H<During H2, the first water conservancy switch is in opening, and the first water conservancy switch is in state of damming, the second water Profit switch is closed, and the 3rd water conservancy switch is in opening, and the 4th water conservancy switch is in current floe condition;
5i) work as T<T1 and during H >=H2, if H '<H3, the first water conservancy switch are in opening, and the second water conservancy switch is in unlatching State, the 3rd water conservancy switch are in opening, and the 4th water conservancy switch is in opening;If during H ' >=H3, the first water conservancy is opened Pass is in opening, and the second water conservancy switch is in opening, and ensures to switch by the first water conservancy switch and the second water conservancy Water flow it is identical, the 3rd water conservancy switch be in opening, and the 4th water conservancy switchs and is in opening;
6i) as T >=T1 and H >=H2, the is closed with water conservancy switch, and the second water conservancy switch is closed, the Three water conservancies switch is in opening, and the 4th water conservancy switch is in opening.
Preferably, according to shunting well to height of the physical features minimum point in receivable aqua region when ponding risk occurs in the control system The warning line H2 of shunting well is set in the control unit of system.
Preferably, this is set in the control unit of the control system according to the carrying capacity of the facility of regulating and storing and regulates and stores facility most High reserve-water-level H3.
Preferably, the device of the monitoring water body liquid level is liquid level sensor, liquid level gauge, liquid-level switch etc..
Preferably, shunting is flowed to early-stage rainwater whole footpath in receivable aqua region according to the rain time of early-stage rainwater and shunting well Time required for well established standardses time T1 in the control unit of the control system.
Preferably, the device of the monitoring time is timer.
11. the method any one of claim 2-10, it is characterised in that the drainage system is set including integrated treatment Shi Shi, methods described also comprise the following steps:
The second monitoring device in the control system includes the device of monitoring water body total amount and is arranged on the 8th water conservancy switch, The water body total amount Q8 in the facility of regulating and storing is set in the control unit of the control system;
Water body total amount Q8 ' in facility of regulating and storing is monitored by the device for monitoring water body total amount in real time;
As Q8 ' >=Q8, the 8th water conservancy switch is in opening, and ensures that water body flows through the 8th water conservancy with constant flow and opened Close;
Work as Q8 '<During Q8, the 8th water conservancy switch is closed.
Preferably, according to the disposal ability of the carrying capacity of the facility of regulating and storing and integrated treatment facility the control system control The water body total amount Q8 in the facility of regulating and storing is set in unit processed.
Preferably, the device of the monitoring water body total amount is selected from the electronic headstock gear with function of measuring.
CN201710915927.1A 2017-09-30 2017-09-30 A kind of a drainage system and water discharge control method with section dirt pipe and rainwater treatment facility Pending CN107587579A (en)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111877499A (en) * 2020-06-18 2020-11-03 中国一冶集团有限公司 Water treatment device

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111877499A (en) * 2020-06-18 2020-11-03 中国一冶集团有限公司 Water treatment device

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