CN107653958B - A kind of drainage system and water discharge control method with facility of regulating and storing - Google Patents

A kind of drainage system and water discharge control method with facility of regulating and storing Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107653958B
CN107653958B CN201710915810.3A CN201710915810A CN107653958B CN 107653958 B CN107653958 B CN 107653958B CN 201710915810 A CN201710915810 A CN 201710915810A CN 107653958 B CN107653958 B CN 107653958B
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China
Prior art keywords
water
water conservancy
conservancy switch
monitoring
control
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CN201710915810.3A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN107653958A (en
Inventor
周超
覃应机
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Wuhan Shengyu Drainage Systems Co Ltd
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Wuhan Shengyu Drainage Systems Co Ltd
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Classifications

    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E03WATER SUPPLY; SEWERAGE
    • E03FSEWERS; CESSPOOLS
    • E03F1/00Methods, systems, or installations for draining-off sewage or storm water
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E03WATER SUPPLY; SEWERAGE
    • E03FSEWERS; CESSPOOLS
    • E03F5/00Sewerage structures
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E03WATER SUPPLY; SEWERAGE
    • E03FSEWERS; CESSPOOLS
    • E03F5/00Sewerage structures
    • E03F5/10Collecting-tanks; Equalising-tanks for regulating the run-off; Laying-up basins
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E03WATER SUPPLY; SEWERAGE
    • E03FSEWERS; CESSPOOLS
    • E03F5/00Sewerage structures
    • E03F5/10Collecting-tanks; Equalising-tanks for regulating the run-off; Laying-up basins
    • E03F5/105Accessories, e.g. flow regulators or cleaning devices
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E03WATER SUPPLY; SEWERAGE
    • E03FSEWERS; CESSPOOLS
    • E03F7/00Other installations or implements for operating sewer systems, e.g. for preventing or indicating stoppage; Emptying cesspools
    • E03F7/02Shut-off devices
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E03WATER SUPPLY; SEWERAGE
    • E03FSEWERS; CESSPOOLS
    • E03F2201/00Details, devices or methods not otherwise provided for
    • E03F2201/10Dividing the first rain flush out of the stormwater flow
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E03WATER SUPPLY; SEWERAGE
    • E03FSEWERS; CESSPOOLS
    • E03F2201/00Details, devices or methods not otherwise provided for
    • E03F2201/20Measuring flow in sewer systems

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of drainage system and water discharge control method with facility of regulating and storing, the drainage system has the effect of intelligent drainage function, the reasonable discharge of water body is realized to the reasonable control of the aperture and associated component of the water conservancy switch in the drainage system by control system, while ensure that flood passage is safe, to the greatest extent shut off dirty water or initial rainwater to facility of regulating and storing, and it is not necessarily to manual operation in use, pass through control unit, the automatic adjustment of water conservancy switch may be implemented, have the characteristics that flexible and changeable, reduces a large amount of manpower and material resources.The drainage system shuts off and shunts for rainwater and/or combined sewage, by reasonably regulating and controlling, allows dirty water to shut off, clean water, which is then arranged, reduces pollutional load of the row to natural water to natural water, protects natural water.

Description

A kind of drainage system and water discharge control method with facility of regulating and storing
Technical field
The invention belongs to technical field of drainage, and in particular to a kind of drainage system and draining controlling party with facility of regulating and storing Method.
Background technique
Currently, the drainage system of city and groups of building mainly includes separate system, combined system and mixed flow system, main purpose It is collection, conveying and the processing for realizing water body.For example, claiming combined system using the system that a kind of mode treats all waste water.It is only There is a drainage system, claim converging system, drainage pipeline claims combined pipeline.Waste water of different nature is treated in different ways System claim separate system, it is general, and there are two drainage systems.One is properly termed as storm-water system, for collecting rainwater and pollution journey Industrial wastewater very low, without processing direct emission water body is spent, pipeline claims storm sewer.Another is properly termed as sewage System, collects the industrial wastewater that could be discharged after sanitary sewage and needs processing, and pipeline claims sewage conduct.Mixed flow system is a kind of System between separate system and combined system is mainly since pipeline misconnection, hybrid junction etc. cause in the region of separate system There is waste water of different nature in section of tubing, i.e. storm sewer or sewage conduct has actually become combined pipeline.City Waste water in sewage conduct and combined pipeline is often referred to as municipal sewage.
Densely populated with the appearance of modern house sanitary equipment and skyscraper, excrement is conveyed with water flow, is greatly increased The intensity of municipal sewage;Along with industry prosperity, industrial wastewater is increased significantly, and the rivers and lakes of near cities, which occur as soon as, to hold The pollution condition born.Then sewage treatment plant is added, and connects each water outlet with pipeline, the waste water in each arterial drainage is converged Collection sewage treatment plant is handled, and shutoff type converging system is formed.Connection water outlet and shut off waste water to sewage treatment plant pipe Road claims shut off pipeline or wastewater interception pipe.
Wastewater flow rate abruptly increase when rainfall shuts off pipeline and sewage treatment plant is necessarily required to if all waste water are all retained It is very extensive, excessively increase engineering cost.So the inspection shaft of arterial drainage and intercepting sewer intersection is generally replaced with shunting Well.The construction of shunting well can have a different designs, but current design and not perfect, and be directed to different sewage quantity and rain Water does not make improvement yet.Because there was only sewage in pipe when dry season, shunting well can be stopped sewage, flow to sewage pipe;Rainy season When part rainwater and sewage stopped and flowed into sewage pipe, remaining stormwater overflow continues to flow to downstream by weir in well.For rain The flow direction of water and sewage, it is most in current control method to be controlled using water level or rainfall, but existing water level control Method or rainfall control methods, the flow-dividing control to rainwater and sewage are not very well, to lose meaning existing for shunting well.
Summary of the invention
In order to solve the deficiencies in the prior art, the present invention provides a kind of drainage system with facility of regulating and storing and draining controls Method processed, the drainage system shut off and shunt for rainwater and/or combined sewage, by reasonably regulating and controlling, dirty water are allowed to cut Stream, clean water, which is then arranged, reduces pollutional load of the row to natural water to natural water, protects natural water.
The present invention provides a kind of drainage system, the drainage system includes shunting well, and the shunting well includes shunting well Well body and be set in the shunting well well body four openings are water inlet, the first water outlet, the second water outlet and the respectively Three water outlets;
The drainage system further includes the first water conservancy switch, the second water conservancy switch and the 4th water conservancy switch;Wherein, close First water outlet is arranged the first water conservancy and switchs, for controlling the water amount for passing through the first water outlet;Close to described the Two water outlets are arranged the second water conservancy and switch, for controlling the water amount for passing through the second water outlet;Wherein, close to the third Water outlet is arranged the 4th water conservancy and switchs, for controlling the water amount for passing through third water outlet;
The drainage system further includes facility of regulating and storing, and the facility of regulating and storing is connected with the second water outlet.
The present invention also provides the water discharge control methods of above-mentioned drainage system comprising water level method, water quality method, water quality-water Position method, Time Method, total amount method, rainfall method, when m- water level method, total amount-water level method, at least one of rainfall-water level method.
Beneficial effects of the present invention:
1) drainage system of the invention has many advantages, such as powerful, can realize rainwater using a small amount of land area Processing is efficiently separated with sewage.The use of the drainage system is not limited by occasion, can be adapted for sewerage pipeline network In any bar pipe network.
2) control system is set in drainage system of the invention, is not necessarily to manual operation in use, it is single by control Member may be implemented the automatic adjustment of water conservancy switch, have the characteristics that flexible and changeable, reduces a large amount of manpower and material resources.It is specific and Speech, drainage system of the invention have the effect of intelligent drainage function, by control system to the water conservancy switch in the drainage system The reasonable discharge of water body is realized in the reasonable control of aperture and associated component, while ensure that flood passage is safe, to the greatest extent Shut off dirty water or initial rainwater to section dirty pipe and/or a facility of regulating and storing.
It 3) include regulating and storing facility in drainage system of the invention, in rainfall, since rainfall intensity is larger, cannot be timely The initial rainwater to shut off to sewage treatment plant is sent to facility storage of regulating and storing, and later period cleaner rainwater is directly discharged to Natural Water again Body, it is possible to reduce the number and spillway discharge that overflow occurs in rainfall, to reduce the pollution load of overflow of rainwater.
4) online processing facility can also be arranged in the third water outlet of drainage system of the invention;The online processing is set The dirty water for polluting natural water that can effectively solve still to be mixed with when the 4th water conservancy switch is opened is applied, is accomplished initial stage thoroughly Rainwater and middle and later periods rainwater shunting processing.
5) water discharge control method of the invention includes water level method, water quality method, water quality-water level method, Time Method, total amount method, rain Amount method, when m- water level method, total amount-water level method, rainfall-water level method, the regulation of the method efficiently solves to cut in the prior art Dirty pipe, which can not carry out current limliting, clean water or later period rainwater also, can enter a phenomenon that section dirty pipe is delivered to sewage treatment plant.Pass through Reasonable control dirty water, the discharge approach of initial rainwater and middle and later periods rainwater, to greatest extent dirty water shut off to cut dirty pipe and/ Or facility of regulating and storing, draining into natural water compared with clean water.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is the structural schematic diagram of drainage system described in a preferred embodiment of the invention;
Fig. 2 is the structural schematic diagram of drainage system described in a preferred embodiment of the invention;
Fig. 3 is the structural schematic diagram of drainage system described in a preferred embodiment of the invention;
Fig. 4 is the structural schematic diagram of drainage system described in a preferred embodiment of the invention;
Fig. 5 is the structural schematic diagram of drainage system described in a preferred embodiment of the invention;
Wherein, 1- water inlet;The first water outlet of 2-;The second water outlet of 3-;4- third water outlet;The first water conservancy of 5- switch; The second water conservancy of 6- switch;The 4th water conservancy of 7- switch;8- shunting well well body;9- regulates and stores facility;41- online processing facility;42- the 7th Water conservancy switch.
Specific embodiment
[drainage system]
The first aspect of the invention is to provide a kind of drainage system, and the drainage system includes shunting well, the shunting Well includes shunting well well body and be set in the shunting well well body four openings, is water inlet, the first water outlet, the respectively Two water outlets and third water outlet;
The drainage system further includes the first water conservancy switch, the second water conservancy switch and the 4th water conservancy switch;Wherein, close First water outlet is arranged the first water conservancy and switchs, for controlling the water amount for passing through the first water outlet;Close to described the Two water outlets are arranged the second water conservancy and switch, for controlling the water amount for passing through the second water outlet;Wherein, close to the third Water outlet is arranged the 4th water conservancy and switchs, for controlling the water amount for passing through third water outlet;
The drainage system further includes facility of regulating and storing, and the facility of regulating and storing is connected with the second water outlet.
In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the drainage system further includes control system, the control system Including the first monitoring device, the second monitoring device and the control unit being connect with the two signal;Described control unit and the first water Benefit switch, the second water conservancy switch are connected with the 4th water conservancy switching signal;First monitoring device and the second monitoring device are used for The signal of monitoring is simultaneously conveyed to control unit by monitoring signals, control unit based on the received signal control the first water conservancy switch, The aperture of second water conservancy switch and the 4th water conservancy switch.
In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the arrival end of the facility of regulating and storing passes through first rain pipe and the second water outlet Mouth is connected.
In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the drainage system further includes cutting dirty pipe;First water outlet It is connected by cutting dirty pipe with sewage treatment plant.
In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the drainage system further includes outlet pipe;The third water outlet It is connected by outlet pipe with the pipeline for leading to natural water.
In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, first monitoring device includes the device for monitoring water body liquid level (such as can be liquid level sensor, liquidometer, liquid-level switch etc.), the device for monitoring water quality (such as can be water quality inspection Survey device, online COD monitor, online TSS monitor, online BOD monitor, online TN monitor, online TP monitor, online NH3- N monitor, online ammonia nitrogen monitor, electrode, conductivity meter etc.), the device for monitoring water body total amount (such as can be and have Electronic headstock gear of function of measuring etc.), monitor the device (such as rainfall gauge) of rainfall, the device (such as timer) of monitoring time At least one of.
In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, first monitoring device may be provided at shunting according to type demand In well well body or outside shunting well well body.For example, the device setting of the device and monitoring water quality of monitoring water body liquid level is shunting In well well body, the device for monitoring rainfall is arranged outside shunting well well body, and the device of monitoring water body total amount is arranged in shunting well well body In water conservancy switch on, the device of monitoring time is arranged in shunting well well body or outside shunting well well body.
In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, second monitoring device includes the device for monitoring water body liquid level (such as can be liquid level sensor, liquidometer, liquid-level switch etc.).
In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, second monitoring device is arranged in facility of regulating and storing.
In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, it will be understood by those skilled in the art that the water inlet, first going out The mouth of a river, the shape of the second water outlet and third water outlet and openings of sizes do not limit specifically, can be with coupled pipe The shape of the shape or the water conservancy switch being arranged with it of road or gallery matches.Such as the water inlet, the first water outlet, The shape of second water outlet and third water outlet is circle.
In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, it will be understood by those skilled in the art that the water inlet, first going out The mouth of a river, the second water outlet and third water outlet putting in order in shunting well well body do not limit with arrangement mode, Ke Yigen According to the region area and geopotentia of shunting well setting, water inlet, the first water outlet, the second water outlet and third are reasonably set The relative position of water outlet.For example, the water inlet, the first water outlet, the second water outlet and the setting of third water outlet are shunting Well well body side wall.
When the water inlet, the first water outlet, the second water outlet and third water outlet be arranged in shunting well well body side wall, It will be understood by those skilled in the art that the water inlet, the first water outlet, the second water outlet and third water outlet distance from bottom The height in shunting well shaft bottom is not particularly limited, such as the pipeline connecting with water inlet is in the position of high elevation, and water inlet can With any position being arranged on shunting well well body side wall;It is connect with the first water outlet, the second water outlet and third water outlet Pipeline is in the position of low-lying, and the first water outlet, the second water outlet and the setting of third water outlet are leaned in shunting well well body side wall The position of nearly shunting well well body bottom.The purpose for the arrangement is that preferably being flowed in order to which water body will not be saved bit by bit in shunting well well body Downstream.
In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, it will be understood by those skilled in the art that the shunting well well body Shape does not limit specifically, the reasonable discharge to water body may be implemented, such as the shape of the shunting well well body is side Shape or circle.
In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, it will be understood by those skilled in the art that the facility of regulating and storing is being arranged Quantity in water system and arrangement do not limit specifically, can be according to using the region area of the system reasonably to be arranged Cloth, such as can be the multiple facilities of regulating and storing of serial or parallel connection.The facility of regulating and storing can be facility of regulating and storing known in the art, For example including storage pond, box culvert of regulating and storing, deep tunnel or shallow tunnel etc..
In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the first water conservancy switch, the second water conservancy switch and the 4th water conservancy Switch is separately selected from valve (ball valve, gate valve, knife gate valve, butterfly valve, lift rubber slab shut off check-valves etc.), gate (upper open type gate, bottom-open type gate etc.), weir gate (upper open type weir gate, bottom-open type weir gate, rotary weir gate etc.), flap valve (shut off One of flap valve etc.).
In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, maximum current-limiting function may be implemented in the first water conservancy switch, i.e., Guarantee the flow value that setting is not exceeded by the flow that first water conservancy switchs.
In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, maximum current-limiting function may be implemented in the second water conservancy switch, i.e., Guarantee the flow value that setting is not exceeded by the flow that second water conservancy switchs.
In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the drainage system further includes online processing facility;It is described online Treatment facility is arranged on outlet pipe or is arranged in from the branch road that outlet pipe pipeline separates and terminal is incorporated to outlet pipe pipeline;Or It is arranged in and is separated from outlet pipe pipeline and on the branch road of terminal connection natural water.
When the online processing facility is arranged in from the branch road that outlet pipe pipeline separates and terminal is incorporated to outlet pipe pipeline When, the 7th water conservancy of setting switchs between the position that separates and be incorporated on outlet pipe pipeline and in branch;Alternatively, when described online Treatment facility be arranged in from outlet pipe pipeline separate and terminal connection natural water branch road on when, on outlet pipe pipeline and The downstream that branch separates position is arranged the 7th water conservancy and switchs.The 7th water conservancy switch is connect with control unit signal, is controlled Signal controls the aperture that the 7th water conservancy switchs to unit based on the received.
When the online processing facility is arranged on outlet pipe pipeline;Water body flows through outlet pipe entering from online processing facility Mouth end flows into online processing facility, after processing, flows into outlet pipe downstream from the outlet end of online processing facility.
When the online processing facility is arranged on outlet pipe branch road, the aperture by adjusting the 7th water conservancy switch is adjusted The flow direction of water body;When the 7th water conservancy switch is in the open state, part water body flows through outlet pipe and is directly discharged to lead to nature In the pipeline of water body, the arrival end that part water body flows through the branch routing online processing facility being arranged in by outlet pipe enters online place Facility is managed, after processing, outlet pipe downstream is flowed into from the outlet end of online processing facility or is directly discharged to lead to Natural Water The pipeline of body;When the 7th water conservancy switch is in current floe condition, whole water bodys flow through the arrival end of branch routing online processing facility Into online processing facility, after processing, outlet pipe downstream is flowed into from the outlet end of online processing facility or is directly discharged to Towards the pipeline of natural water.
In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, it will be understood by those skilled in the art that the online processing facility Quantity and arrangement in systems does not limit specifically, can be multiple online processing facilities of serial or parallel connection;It is specific Arrangement mode can be according to using the region area of the system reasonably to be arranged.The online processing facility can be existing Online processing facility known to technology, for example including biofilter, online processing pond, flocculation basin, inclined-plate clarifying basin, setting pot or Artificial swamp etc..
In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the 7th water conservancy switch is selected from valve (ball valve, gate valve, disconnecting link Valve, butterfly valve, lift rubber slab shut off check-valves etc.), gate (upper open type gate, bottom-open type gate etc.), weir gate (upper open type weir Door, bottom-open type weir gate, rotary weir gate etc.), one of flap valve (flap valve that shuts off etc.).
In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, maximum current-limiting function may be implemented in the 7th water conservancy switch, i.e., Guarantee the flow value that setting is not exceeded by the flow that the 7th water conservancy switchs.
[water discharge control method]
The present invention also provides the water discharge control methods of above-mentioned drainage system comprising water level method, water quality method, water quality-water level Method, Time Method, total amount method, rainfall method, when m- water level method, total amount-water level method, at least one of rainfall-water level method.
[water level method]
The second aspect of the invention is to provide a kind of water discharge control method of water level method control, the water discharge control method It is based on above-mentioned drainage system, the drainage system includes control system, the first monitoring device packet in the control system It includes the device of monitoring water body liquid level and is arranged in shunting well well body, the second monitoring device in the control system respectively includes It monitors the device of water body liquid level and is arranged in facility of regulating and storing, the standard of shunting well is set in the control unit of the control system The highest reserve-water-level H3 of water level H1, the warning line H2 of shunting well and facility of regulating and storing;Described method includes following steps:
1a) water body enters shunting well from water inlet, in the device real-time monitoring shunting well well body by monitoring water body liquid level Water body liquid level H;Device real-time monitoring by monitoring water body liquid level is regulated and stored water body liquid level H ' in facility;
2a) as H < H1, the first water conservancy switch is in the open state, and the second water conservancy switch is in close state, the 4th water Benefit switch is in current floe condition;
3a) as H1≤H < H2, if H ' < H3, the first water conservancy switch is in the open state, and the second water conservancy switch is in unlatching State, the 4th water conservancy switch are in current floe condition;If H ' >=H3, the first water conservancy switch is in the open state, the second water conservancy switch It is in close state, the 4th water conservancy switch is in current floe condition;
4a) as H>=H2, if H '<H3, the first water conservancy switch is in the open state, and the second water conservancy switch is in opening state State, the 4th water conservancy switch are in the open state;If H ' >=H3, the first water conservancy switch is in the open state, at the second water conservancy switch In closed state, the 4th water conservancy switch is in the open state.
[water quality method]
The third aspect of the invention is to provide a kind of water discharge control method of water quality method control, the water discharge control method It is based on above-mentioned drainage system, the drainage system includes control system, the first monitoring device packet in the control system It includes the device of monitoring water quality and is arranged in shunting well well body, the second monitoring device in the control system includes monitoring The device of water body liquid level and it is arranged in facility of regulating and storing, pollutant concentration standard value is set in the control unit of the control system The highest reserve-water-level H3 of C1 and facility of regulating and storing;Described method includes following steps:
1b) water body enters shunting well from water inlet, water quality in the device real-time monitoring well by monitoring water quality C;Device real-time monitoring by monitoring water body liquid level is regulated and stored water body liquid level H ' in facility;
2b) as C>=C1, if H '<H3, the first water conservancy switch is in the open state, and the second water conservancy switch is in opening state State, the 4th water conservancy switch are in current floe condition;If H ' >=H3, the first water conservancy switch is in the open state, at the second water conservancy switch In closed state, the 4th water conservancy switch is in current floe condition;
3b) as C < C1, the first water conservancy switch is in close state, and the second water conservancy switch is in close state, the 4th water Benefit switch is in the open state.
[water level-water quality method]
The fourth aspect of the invention is to provide a kind of water discharge control method of water level-water quality method control, the draining control Method processed is based on above-mentioned drainage system, and the drainage system includes control system, the first monitoring in the control system Device includes monitoring the device of water body liquid level and the device of monitoring water quality and being arranged in shunting well well body, the control The second monitoring device in system includes monitoring the device of water body liquid level and being arranged in facility of regulating and storing, in the control of the control system The normal water level H1 of shunting well is set in unit processed, sets warning line H2, pollutant concentration standard value C1 and the tune of shunting well Store the highest reserve-water-level H3 of facility;Described method includes following steps:
1c) water body enters shunting well from water inlet, in the device real-time monitoring shunting well well body by monitoring water body liquid level Water body liquid level H passes through water quality C in the device real-time monitoring well of monitoring water quality;Pass through monitoring water body liquid level Device real-time monitoring is regulated and stored water body liquid level H ' in facility;
2c) as C>=C1 and H<H1, the first water conservancy switch is in the open state, and the second water conservancy switch is in close state, 4th water conservancy switch is in current floe condition;
3c) as C>=C1 and H1≤H<H2, if H '<H3, the first water conservancy switch is in the open state, the second water conservancy switch In the open state, the 4th water conservancy switch is in current floe condition;If H ' >=H3, the first water conservancy switch is in the open state, second Water conservancy switch is in close state, and the 4th water conservancy switch is in current floe condition;
4c) as C>=C1 and H>=H2, if H '<H3, the first water conservancy switch is in the open state, and the second water conservancy switch is in Open state, the 4th water conservancy switch are in the open state;If H ' >=H3, the first water conservancy switchs in the open state, the second water conservancy Switch is in close state, and the 4th water conservancy switch is in the open state;
5c) as C < C1, the first water conservancy switch is in close state, and the second water conservancy switch is in close state, the 4th water Benefit switch is in the open state.
[total amount method]
The fifth aspect of the invention is to provide a kind of water discharge control method of total amount method control, the water discharge control method It is based on above-mentioned drainage system, the drainage system includes control system, the first monitoring device packet in the control system It includes the device of monitoring water body total amount and is arranged in shunting well well body on the first water conservancy switch and the second water conservancy switch, the control The second monitoring device in system includes monitoring the device of water body liquid level and being arranged in facility of regulating and storing, in the control of the control system The highest reserve-water-level H3 that shunting well needs the first rain total amount Q1 to shut off and facility of regulating and storing is set in unit processed;The method includes Following steps:
1d) when the rainy day, water body enters shunting well from water inlet, by monitoring the device real-time monitoring of water body total amount by the The water body total amount Q of one water conservancy switch and the second water conservancy switch;Device real-time monitoring by monitoring water body liquid level is regulated and stored in facility Water body liquid level H ';
2d) as Q < Q1 and H ' < H3, the first water conservancy switch is in the open state, and the second water conservancy switch is in the open state, the Four water conservancies switch is in current floe condition;
3d) as Q<Q1 and H '>=H3, the first water conservancy switch is in the open state, and the second water conservancy switch is in close state, 4th water conservancy switch is in current floe condition;
4d) as Q >=Q1, the first water conservancy switch is in close state, and the second water conservancy switch is in close state, the 4th water Benefit switch is in the open state.
In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the method also includes following steps:
5d) when fine day, water body enters shunting well from water inlet, and the first water conservancy switch is in the open state, and the second water conservancy is opened Pass is in close state, and the 4th water conservancy switch is in current floe condition.
[total amount-water level method]
The sixth aspect of the invention is to provide a kind of water discharge control method of total amount-water level method control, the draining control Method processed is based on above-mentioned drainage system, and the drainage system includes control system, the first monitoring in the control system Device includes monitoring the device of water body total amount and being arranged in shunting well well body on the first water conservancy switch and the second water conservancy switch, institute Stating the first monitoring device in control system further includes monitoring the device of water body liquid level and being arranged in shunting well well body, the control The second monitoring device in system processed includes monitoring the device of water body liquid level and being arranged in facility of regulating and storing, in the control system The warning of the normal water level H1, shunting well of the first rain total amount Q1 of standard, shunting well that shunting well needs to shut off are set in control unit The highest reserve-water-level H3 of water level H2 and facility of regulating and storing;Described method includes following steps:
1e) when the rainy day, water body enters shunting well from water inlet, by the device real-time monitoring shunting well for monitoring water body liquid level Water body liquid level H in well body, the device real-time monitoring by monitoring water body total amount pass through the first water conservancy switch and the second water conservancy The water body total amount Q of switch;Device real-time monitoring by monitoring water body liquid level is regulated and stored water body liquid level H ' in facility;
2e) as Q < Q1 and H < H1, the first water conservancy switch is in the open state, and the second water conservancy switch is in close state, 4th water conservancy switch is in current floe condition;
3e) as Q < Q1 and H1≤H < H2, if H ' < H3, the first water conservancy switch is in the open state, at the second water conservancy switch In open state, the 4th water conservancy switch is in current floe condition;If H ' >=H3, the first water conservancy switchs in the open state, the second water Benefit switch is in close state, and the 4th water conservancy switch is in current floe condition;
4e) as Q<Q1 and H>=H2, if H '<H3, the first water conservancy switch is in the open state, and the second water conservancy switch is in Open state, the 4th water conservancy switch are in the open state;If H ' >=H3, the first water conservancy switchs in the open state, the second water conservancy Switch is in close state, and the 4th water conservancy switch is in the open state;
5e) as Q >=Q1, the first water conservancy switch is in close state, and the second water conservancy switch is in close state, the 4th water Benefit switch is in the open state.
In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the method also includes following steps:
6e) when fine day, water body enters shunting well from water inlet, and the first water conservancy switch is in the open state, and the second water conservancy is opened Pass is in close state, and the 4th water conservancy switch is in current floe condition.
[rainfall method]
The seventh aspect of the invention is to provide a kind of water discharge control method of rainfall method control, the water discharge control method It is based on above-mentioned drainage system, the drainage system includes control system, the first monitoring device packet in the control system It includes the device of monitoring rainfall and is arranged outside shunting well well body, the second monitoring device in the control system includes monitoring water body The device of liquid level and it is arranged in facility of regulating and storing, the standard that shunting well needs to shut off is set in the control unit of the control system The highest reserve-water-level H3 of first rain rainfall L1 and facility of regulating and storing;Described method includes following steps:
1f) water body enters shunting well from water inlet, rain rainfall L at the beginning of the device real-time monitoring by monitoring rainfall;
It is at this time fine day 2f) as L=0, the first water conservancy switch is in the open state, and the second water conservancy switch is in closing State, the 4th water conservancy switch are in current floe condition;
It is at this time the rainy day 3f) as L > 0, the device real-time monitoring by monitoring water body liquid level is regulated and stored water body liquid in facility Position height H ';
4f) as 0 < L < L1, if H ' < H3, the first water conservancy switch is in the open state, and the second water conservancy switch is in opening state State, the 4th water conservancy switch are in current floe condition;If H ' >=H3, the first water conservancy switch is in the open state, at the second water conservancy switch In closed state, the 4th water conservancy switch is in current floe condition;
5f) as L >=L1, the first water conservancy switch is in close state, and the second water conservancy switch is in close state, the 4th water Benefit switch is in the open state.
[rainfall-water level method]
The eighth aspect of the invention is to provide a kind of water discharge control method of rainfall-water level method control, the draining control Method processed is based on above-mentioned drainage system, and the drainage system includes control system, the first monitoring in the control system Device includes monitoring the device of rainfall and being arranged outside shunting well well body, and the first monitoring device in the control system further includes It monitors the device of water body liquid level and is arranged in shunting well well body, the second monitoring device in the control system includes monitoring water The device of body fluid position and it is arranged in facility of regulating and storing, the mark that shunting well needs to shut off is set in the control unit of the control system The highest reserve-water-level H3 of quasi- just rain rainfall L1, the normal water level H1 of shunting well, the warning line H2 of shunting well and facility of regulating and storing; Described method includes following steps:
1g) water body enters shunting well from water inlet, rain rainfall L at the beginning of the device real-time monitoring by monitoring rainfall;
It is at this time fine day 2g) as L=0, the first water conservancy switch is in the open state, and the second water conservancy switch is in closing State, the 4th water conservancy switch are in current floe condition;
It is at this time the rainy day 3g) as L > 0, water body in the device real-time monitoring shunting well well body by monitoring water body liquid level Liquid level H;Device real-time monitoring by monitoring water body liquid level is regulated and stored water body liquid level H ' in facility;
4g) as 0 < L < L1 and H < H1, the first water conservancy switch is in the open state, and the second water conservancy switch is in closing shape State, the 4th water conservancy switch are in current floe condition;
5g) as 0 < L < L1 and H1≤H < H2, if H ' < H3, the first water conservancy switch is in the open state, the second water conservancy switch In the open state, the 4th water conservancy switch is in current floe condition;If H ' >=H3, the first water conservancy switch is in the open state, second Water conservancy switch is in close state, and the 4th water conservancy switch is in current floe condition;
6g) as 0<L<L1 and H>=H2, if H '<H3, the first water conservancy switch is in the open state, at the second water conservancy switch In open state, the 4th water conservancy switch is in the open state;If H ' >=H3, the first water conservancy switchs in the open state, the second water Benefit switch is in close state, and the 4th water conservancy switch is in the open state;
7g) as L >=L1, the first water conservancy switch is in close state, and the second water conservancy switch is in close state, the 4th water Benefit switch is in the open state.
[Time Method]
The ninth aspect of the invention is to provide a kind of water discharge control method of Time Method control, the water discharge control method It is based on above-mentioned drainage system, the drainage system includes control system, the first monitoring device packet in the control system The device of monitoring time and setting are included in shunting well well body or outside shunting well well body, the second monitoring dress in the control system It sets the device including monitoring water body liquid level and is arranged in facility of regulating and storing, in the control unit of the control system when established standards Between the T1 and highest reserve-water-level H3 of facility of regulating and storing;Described method includes following steps:
1h) when fine day, water body enters shunting well from water inlet, and the first water conservancy switch is in the open state, and the second water conservancy is opened Pass is in close state, and the 4th water conservancy switch is in current floe condition;
2h) when the rainy day, water body enters shunting well from water inlet, passes through the device real-time monitoring rain time T of monitoring time; Device real-time monitoring by monitoring water body liquid level is regulated and stored water body liquid level H ' in facility;
3h) as T < T1, if H ' < H3, the first water conservancy switch is in the open state, and the second water conservancy switch is in opening state State, the 4th water conservancy switch are in current floe condition;If H ' >=H3, the first water conservancy switch is in the open state, at the second water conservancy switch In closed state, the 4th water conservancy switch is in current floe condition;
4h) as T >=T1, the first water conservancy switch is in close state, and the second water conservancy switch is in close state, the 4th water Benefit switch is in the open state.
[when m- water level method]
The water discharge control method of m- water level method control when the tengh aspect of the invention is to provide a kind of, the draining control Method processed is based on above-mentioned drainage system, and the drainage system includes control system, the first monitoring in the control system Device includes the device of monitoring time and is arranged in shunting well well body or outside shunting well well body, and first in the control system Monitoring device further includes monitoring the device of water body liquid level and being arranged in shunting well well body, the second monitoring in the control system Device includes monitoring the device of water body liquid level and being arranged in facility of regulating and storing, the established standards in the control unit of the control system The highest reserve-water-level H3 of time T1, the normal water level H1 of shunting well, the warning line H2 of shunting well and facility of regulating and storing;The side Method includes the following steps:
1i) when fine day, water body enters shunting well from water inlet, and the first water conservancy switch is in the open state, and the second water conservancy is opened Pass is in close state, and the 4th water conservancy switch is in current floe condition;
2i) when the rainy day, water body enters shunting well from water inlet, by the device real-time monitoring shunting well for monitoring water body liquid level Water body liquid level H in well body passes through the device real-time monitoring rain time T of monitoring time;By the dress for monitoring water body liquid level Real-time monitoring is set to regulate and store water body liquid level H ' in facility;
3i) as T < T1 and H < H1, the first water conservancy switch is in the open state, and the second water conservancy switch is in close state, 4th water conservancy switch is in current floe condition;
4i) as T < T1 and H1≤H < H2, if H ' < H3, the first water conservancy switch is in the open state, at the second water conservancy switch In open state, the 4th water conservancy switch is in current floe condition;If H ' >=H3, the first water conservancy switchs in the open state, the second water Benefit switch is in close state, and the 4th water conservancy switch is in current floe condition;
5i) as T<T1 and H>=H2, if H '<H3, the first water conservancy switch is in the open state, and the second water conservancy switch is in Open state, the 4th water conservancy switch are in the open state;If H ' >=H3, the first water conservancy switchs in the open state, the second water conservancy Switch is in close state, and the 4th water conservancy switch is in the open state;
6i) as T >=T1, the first water conservancy switch is in close state, and the second water conservancy switch is in close state, the 4th water Benefit switch is in the open state.
[the specific restriction of the above method]
In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, when the drainage system includes online treatment facility, the method Further include following steps:
When the 4th water conservancy, which switchs the in the open state and described online processing facility, to be arranged on outlet pipe pipeline;Water body It flows through outlet pipe and flows into online processing facility from the arrival end of online processing facility, after processing, from going out for online processing facility Mouth end flows into outlet pipe downstream.
When the 4th water conservancy, which switchs the in the open state and described online processing facility, to be arranged on outlet pipe branch road, pass through Adjust the flow direction of the aperture adjustment water body of the 7th water conservancy switch;When the 7th water conservancy switch is in the open state, part water body stream It is directly discharged to through outlet pipe towards in the pipeline of natural water, it is online that part water body flows through the branch routing being arranged in by outlet pipe The arrival end for the treatment of facility enters online processing facility, after processing, flows under outlet pipe from the outlet end of online processing facility You Duan is directly discharged to lead to the pipeline of natural water;When the 7th water conservancy switch is in current floe condition, whole water bodys are flowed through The arrival end that the branch routing online processing facility by outlet pipe is arranged in enters online processing facility, after processing, from online The outlet end of reason facility flows into outlet pipe downstream or is directly discharged to the pipeline towards natural water.
In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, topography point average in receivable water area is being occurred according to shunting well Height when ponding risk sets the normal water level H1 of shunting well in the control unit of the control system.
In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, topography minimum point in receivable water area is being occurred according to shunting well Height when ponding risk sets the warning line H2 of shunting well in the control unit of the control system.
In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, according to the carrying capacity of the facility of regulating and storing the control system control The highest reserve-water-level H3 of the facility of regulating and storing is set in unit processed.
In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the device of the monitoring water body liquid level is liquid level sensor, liquid level Meter, liquid-level switch etc..
In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, it is shunted according to the environmental carrying capacity for the natural water being discharged into and entrance The water quality of well sets pollutant concentration standard value C1 in the control unit of the control system.
In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the device of the monitoring water quality is Water quality detector, online COD monitor, online ammonia nitrogen monitor, online TSS monitor, online BOD monitor, online NH3- N monitor, online TP prison Instrument, online TN monitor, electrode, conductivity meter etc. are surveyed, what is monitored is the concentration of pollutant in water body in shunting well well body, institute Stating pollutant includes TSS, COD, BOD, NH3One or more of-N, TN or TP.
In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the Water quality detector can be using electrode method, UV optical method, Optical scattering method etc. realizes the detection to water quality.
In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the environmental carrying capacity for the natural water that the shunting well is discharged into can be with It is natural water such as rivers,lakes and seas;When the environmental carrying capacity of the natural water is larger (such as ocean), pollutant concentration standard value C1 It can properly increase;When the environmental carrying capacity of the natural water is smaller (such as lake), pollutant concentration standard value C1 can be appropriate It reduces.When the water quality into shunting well is preferable, for example middle and later periods rainwater, pollutant concentration standard value C1 can be fitted Work as reduction;When the water quality into shunting well is poor, for example sanitary sewage and/or initial rainwater, pollutant concentration Standard value C1 can be properly increased.Pollution the purpose is to reduction as few as possible to natural water.
In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, according to shunting well to the first rain of required collection in receivable water area Total amount sets rain total amount Q1 at the beginning of the standard that shunting well needs to shut off in the control unit of the control system.
In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the device of the monitoring water body total amount is selected from function of measuring Electronic headstock gear.
In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, according to shunting well to the first rain of required collection in receivable water area Millimeter sets rain rainfall L1 at the beginning of the standard that shunting well needs to shut off in the control unit of the control system.
In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the device of the monitoring rainfall is rainfall gauge.
In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, according to the rain time of initial rainwater and shunting well to receivable pool Initial rainwater whole diameter flows to established standards time in the control unit of control system time required for shunting well in domain T1。
In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the device of the monitoring time is timer.
In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the first water conservancy switch, the second water conservancy switch and the 7th water conservancy Maximum current-limiting function may be implemented in switch, in the open state to refer to that the flow value switched by the water conservancy is less than or equal to set Fixed peak flow values.This can adjust the aperture of the water conservancy switch by the control unit in control system to realize.
In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the 4th water conservancy switch is in the open state refers to that water body can be with Natural water is flowed to by water conservancy switch.
In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the 4th water conservancy switch and the 7th water conservancy switch are in the shape that shuts off State refers to the aperture for adjusting the water conservancy switch, guarantees that water body shuts off in the upstream end of water conservancy switch, cannot be by described Water conservancy switch flows to natural water.
In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the water conservancy switch, which is in close state, refers to through the water conservancy The flow value of the water body of switch is zero.
Present invention will be further explained below with reference to specific examples.It should be understood that these embodiments are merely to illustrate the present invention Rather than it limits the scope of the invention.Furthermore, it is to be understood that after having read documented content of the invention, this field skill Art personnel can make various changes or modifications the present invention, and such equivalent forms equally fall within limited range of the present invention.
In the description of the present invention, it should be noted that term " first ", " second ", " third ", " the 4th " and " the 7th " It is used for description purposes only, and is not indication or suggestion relative importance.
Embodiment 1
As depicted in figs. 1 and 2, the present invention provides a kind of drainage system, and the drainage system includes shunting well, the shunting Well includes shunting well well body 8 and four openings being set in the shunting well well body, is water inlet 1, the first water outlet respectively 2, the second water outlet 3 and third water outlet 4;
The drainage system further includes the first water conservancy switch 5, the second water conservancy switch 6 and the 4th water conservancy switch 7;Wherein, exist First water conservancy switch 5 is set at first water outlet 2, for controlling the water amount for passing through the first water outlet 2;Close Second water conservancy switch 6 is set at second water outlet 3, for controlling the water amount for passing through the second water outlet 3;Wherein, it is leaning on The 4th water conservancy switch 7 is set at the nearly third water outlet 4, for controlling the water amount for passing through third water outlet 4;
The drainage system further includes facility 9 of regulating and storing, and the facility of regulating and storing is connected with the second water outlet 3.
In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the drainage system further includes control system, the control system Including the first monitoring device, the second monitoring device and the control unit being connect with the two signal;Described control unit and the first water Benefit switch, the second water conservancy switch are connected with the 4th water conservancy switching signal;First monitoring device and the second monitoring device are used for The signal of monitoring is simultaneously conveyed to control unit by monitoring signals, control unit based on the received signal control the first water conservancy switch, The aperture of second water conservancy switch and the 4th water conservancy switch.
In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the arrival end of the facility 9 of regulating and storing is gone out by first rain pipe with second The mouth of a river 3 is connected.
In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the drainage system further includes cutting dirty pipe;First water outlet 2 It is connected by cutting dirty pipe with sewage treatment plant.
In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the drainage system further includes outlet pipe;The third water outlet 4 It is connected by outlet pipe with the pipeline for leading to natural water.
In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, first monitoring device includes the device for monitoring water body liquid level (such as can be liquid level sensor, liquidometer, liquid-level switch etc.), the device for monitoring water quality (such as can be water quality inspection Survey device, online COD monitor, online TSS monitor, online BOD monitor, online TN monitor, online TP monitor, online NH3- N monitor, online ammonia nitrogen monitor, electrode, conductivity meter etc.), the device for monitoring water body total amount (such as can be and have Electronic headstock gear of function of measuring etc.), monitor the device (such as rainfall gauge) of rainfall, the device (such as timer) of monitoring time At least one of.
First monitoring device may be provided in shunting well well body or outside shunting well well body according to type demand.For example, The device of the device and monitoring water quality that monitor water body liquid level is arranged in shunting well well body, and the device setting for monitoring rainfall exists Outside shunting well well body, the device of monitoring water body total amount is arranged on the switch of the water conservancy in shunting well well body, the device of monitoring time Setting is in shunting well well body or outside shunting well well body.
In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, second monitoring device includes the device for monitoring water body liquid level (such as can be liquid level sensor, liquidometer, liquid-level switch etc.).Second monitoring device is arranged in facility of regulating and storing.
In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, it will be understood by those skilled in the art that the water inlet, first going out The mouth of a river, the shape of the second water outlet and third water outlet and openings of sizes do not limit specifically, can be with coupled pipe The shape of the shape or the water conservancy switch being arranged with it of road or gallery matches.Such as the water inlet, the first water outlet, The shape of second water outlet and third water outlet is circle.
In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, it will be understood by those skilled in the art that the water inlet, first going out The mouth of a river, the second water outlet and third water outlet putting in order in shunting well well body do not limit with arrangement mode, Ke Yigen According to the region area and geopotentia of shunting well setting, water inlet, the first water outlet, the second water outlet and third are reasonably set The relative position of water outlet.For example, the water inlet, the first water outlet, the second water outlet and the setting of third water outlet are shunting Well well body side wall.
When the water inlet, the first water outlet, the second water outlet and third water outlet be arranged in shunting well well body side wall, It will be understood by those skilled in the art that the water inlet, the first water outlet, the second water outlet and third water outlet distance from bottom The height in shunting well shaft bottom is not particularly limited, such as the pipeline connecting with water inlet is in the position of high elevation, and water inlet can With any position being arranged on shunting well well body side wall;It is connect with the first water outlet, the second water outlet and third water outlet Pipeline is in the position of low-lying, and the first water outlet, the second water outlet and the setting of third water outlet are leaned in shunting well well body side wall The position of nearly shunting well well body bottom.The purpose for the arrangement is that preferably being flowed in order to which water body will not be saved bit by bit in shunting well well body Downstream.
In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, it will be understood by those skilled in the art that the shunting well well body Shape does not limit specifically, the reasonable discharge to water body may be implemented, such as the shape of the shunting well well body is side Shape or circle.
In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, it will be understood by those skilled in the art that the facility of regulating and storing is being arranged Quantity in water system and arrangement do not limit specifically, can be according to using the region area of the system reasonably to be arranged Cloth, such as can be the multiple facilities of regulating and storing of serial or parallel connection.The facility of regulating and storing can be facility of regulating and storing known in the art, For example including storage pond, box culvert of regulating and storing, deep tunnel or shallow tunnel etc..
In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the first water conservancy switch, the second water conservancy switch and the 4th water conservancy Switch is separately selected from valve (ball valve, gate valve, knife gate valve, butterfly valve, lift rubber slab shut off check-valves etc.), gate (upper open type gate, bottom-open type gate etc.), weir gate (upper open type weir gate, bottom-open type weir gate, rotary weir gate etc.), flap valve (shut off One of flap valve etc.).
In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, maximum current-limiting function may be implemented in the first water conservancy switch, i.e., Guarantee the flow value that setting is not exceeded by the flow that first water conservancy switchs.
In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, maximum current-limiting function may be implemented in the second water conservancy switch, i.e., Guarantee the flow value that setting is not exceeded by the flow that second water conservancy switchs.
Embodiment 2
As in Figure 3-5, a kind of drainage system with facility of regulating and storing, the drainage system further include online processing facility 41;As shown in figure 5, the online processing facility is arranged on outlet pipe, as shown in figure 4, online processing facility setting exists It is separated from outlet pipe pipeline and terminal is incorporated to the branch of outlet pipe pipeline on the road, as shown in figure 3, online processing facility setting exists It is separated from outlet pipe pipeline and terminal is connected to the branch of natural water on the road.
When the online processing facility is arranged in from the branch road that outlet pipe pipeline separates and terminal is incorporated to outlet pipe pipeline When, the 7th water conservancy switch 42 is set between the position that separates and be incorporated on outlet pipe pipeline and in branch;Alternatively, when it is described Line treatment facility be arranged in from outlet pipe pipeline separate and terminal connection natural water branch road on when, on outlet pipe pipeline and The 7th water conservancy is arranged in the downstream that branch separates position to switch.The 7th water conservancy switch is connect with control unit signal, is controlled Signal controls the aperture that the 7th water conservancy switchs to unit processed based on the received.
When the online processing facility is arranged on outlet pipe pipeline;Water body flows through outlet pipe entering from online processing facility Mouth end flows into online processing facility, after processing, flows into outlet pipe downstream from the outlet end of online processing facility.
When the online processing facility is arranged on outlet pipe branch road, the aperture by adjusting the 7th water conservancy switch is adjusted The flow direction of water body;When the 7th water conservancy switch is in the open state, part water body flows through outlet pipe and is directly discharged to lead to nature In the pipeline of water body, the arrival end that part water body flows through the branch routing online processing facility being arranged in by outlet pipe enters online place Facility is managed, after processing, outlet pipe downstream is flowed into from the outlet end of online processing facility or is directly discharged to lead to Natural Water The pipeline of body;When the 7th water conservancy switch is in current floe condition, whole water bodys flow through the arrival end of branch routing online processing facility Into online processing facility, after processing, outlet pipe downstream is flowed into from the outlet end of online processing facility or is directly discharged to Towards the pipeline of natural water.
In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, it will be understood by those skilled in the art that the online processing facility Quantity and arrangement in systems does not limit specifically, can be multiple online processing facilities of serial or parallel connection;It is specific Arrangement mode can be according to using the region area of the system reasonably to be arranged.The online processing facility can be existing Online processing facility known to technology, for example including biofilter, online processing pond, flocculation basin, inclined-plate clarifying basin, setting pot or Artificial swamp etc..
In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the 7th water conservancy switch is selected from valve (ball valve, gate valve, disconnecting link Valve, butterfly valve, lift rubber slab shut off check-valves etc.), gate (upper open type gate, bottom-open type gate etc.), weir gate (upper open type weir Door, bottom-open type weir gate, rotary weir gate etc.), one of flap valve (flap valve that shuts off etc.).
In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, maximum current-limiting function may be implemented in the 7th water conservancy switch, i.e., Guarantee the flow value that setting is not exceeded by the flow that the 7th water conservancy switchs.
Embodiment 3
Provided in this embodiment is a kind of water discharge control method of water level method control, and the water discharge control method is based on real Drainage system described in example 1 is applied, the drainage system includes control system, and the first monitoring device in the control system includes It monitors the device of water body liquid level and is arranged in shunting well well body, the second monitoring device in the control system includes monitoring water The device of body fluid position and it is arranged in facility of regulating and storing, the normal water level of shunting well is set in the control unit of the control system The highest reserve-water-level H3 of H1, the warning line H2 of shunting well and facility of regulating and storing;Described method includes following steps:
1a) water body enters shunting well from water inlet, in the device real-time monitoring shunting well well body by monitoring water body liquid level Water body liquid level H;Device real-time monitoring by monitoring water body liquid level is regulated and stored water body liquid level H ' in facility;
2a) as H < H1, the first water conservancy switch is in the open state, and the second water conservancy switch is in close state, the 4th water Benefit switch is in current floe condition;Water body is arranged to sewage treatment plant;
3a) as H1≤H < H2, if H ' < H3, the first water conservancy switch is in the open state, and the second water conservancy switch is in unlatching State, the 4th water conservancy switch are in current floe condition;Part water body is arranged to sewage treatment plant, and part water body is arranged to carry out to facility of regulating and storing Temporarily storage;If H ' >=H3, the first water conservancy switch is in the open state, and the second water conservancy switch is in close state, the 4th water conservancy Switch is in current floe condition;Water body is arranged to sewage treatment plant;
4a) as H>=H2, if H '<H3, the first water conservancy switch is in the open state, and the second water conservancy switch is in opening state State, the 4th water conservancy switch are in the open state;Part water body is arranged to sewage treatment plant, and part water body is arranged to carry out temporarily to facility of regulating and storing When store, part water body flows through in the pipeline that outlet pipe is connected with natural water, and then arranges into natural water;If H ' >=H3, First water conservancy switch is in the open state, and the second water conservancy switch is in close state, and the 4th water conservancy switch is in the open state;Portion Water distribution component is arranged to sewage treatment plant, and part water body flows through in the pipeline that outlet pipe is connected with natural water, and then arranges to Natural Water In body.
In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, topography point average in receivable water area is being occurred according to shunting well Height when ponding risk sets the normal water level H1 of shunting well in the control unit of the control system.It is corresponding according to shunting well It receives height of the topography minimum point when ponding risk occurs in water area and sets shunting well in the control unit of the control system Warning line H2.The facility of regulating and storing is set in the control unit of the control system according to the carrying capacity of the facility of regulating and storing Highest reserve-water-level H3.
The device of the monitoring water body liquid level is liquid level sensor, liquidometer, liquid-level switch etc..
Embodiment 4
Provided in this embodiment is a kind of water discharge control method of water quality method control, and the water discharge control method is based on real Drainage system described in example 1 is applied, the drainage system includes control system, and the first monitoring device in the control system includes It monitors the device of water quality and is arranged in shunting well well body, the second monitoring device in the control system includes monitoring water The device of body fluid position and it is arranged in facility of regulating and storing, pollutant concentration standard value C1 is set in the control unit of the control system With the highest reserve-water-level H3 for facility of regulating and storing;Described method includes following steps:
1b) water body enters shunting well from water inlet, water quality in the device real-time monitoring well by monitoring water quality C;Device real-time monitoring by monitoring water body liquid level is regulated and stored water body liquid level H ' in facility;
2b) as C>=C1, if H '<H3, the first water conservancy switch is in the open state, and the second water conservancy switch is in opening state State, the 4th water conservancy switch are in current floe condition;Part water body is arranged to sewage treatment plant, and part water body is arranged to carry out temporarily to facility of regulating and storing When store;If H ' >=H3, the first water conservancy switch is in the open state, and the second water conservancy switch is in close state, and the 4th water conservancy is opened It closes and is in current floe condition;Water body is arranged to sewage treatment plant;
3b) as C < C1, the first water conservancy switch is in close state, and the second water conservancy switch is in close state, the 4th water Benefit switch is in the open state;Water body flows through in the pipeline that outlet pipe is connected with natural water, and then arranges into natural water.
In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, it is shunted according to the environmental carrying capacity for the natural water being discharged into and entrance The water quality of well sets pollutant concentration standard value C1 in the control unit of the control system.The monitoring water quality Device be Water quality detector, online COD monitor, online ammonia nitrogen monitor, online TSS monitor, online BOD monitor, Line NH3- N monitor, online TP monitor, online TN monitor, electrode, conductivity meter etc., monitoring is shunting well well body The concentration of pollutant in interior water body, the pollutant include TSS, COD, BOD, NH3One or more of-N, TN or TP.Institute Stating Water quality detector can be the detection realized using electrode method, UV optical method, optical scattering method etc. to water quality.
In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the environmental carrying capacity for the natural water that the shunting well is discharged into can be with It is natural water such as rivers,lakes and seas;When the environmental carrying capacity of the natural water is larger (such as ocean), pollutant concentration standard value C1 It can properly increase;When the environmental carrying capacity of the natural water is smaller (such as lake), pollutant concentration standard value C1 can be appropriate It reduces.When the water quality into shunting well is preferable, for example middle and later periods rainwater, pollutant concentration standard value C1 can be fitted Work as reduction;When the water quality into shunting well is poor, for example sanitary sewage and/or initial rainwater, pollutant concentration Standard value C1 can be properly increased.Pollution the purpose is to reduction as few as possible to natural water.
The device of the monitoring water body liquid level is liquid level sensor, liquidometer, liquid-level switch etc..
Embodiment 5
Provided in this embodiment is a kind of water discharge control method of water level-water quality method control, and the water discharge control method is Based on drainage system described in embodiment 1, the drainage system includes control system, the first monitoring dress in the control system It sets the device of the device including monitoring water body liquid level and monitoring water quality and is arranged in shunting well well body, the control system The second monitoring device in system includes monitoring the device of water body liquid level and being arranged in facility of regulating and storing, in the control of the control system The normal water level H1 of shunting well is set in unit, is set warning line H2, the pollutant concentration standard value C1 of shunting well and is regulated and stored The highest reserve-water-level H3 of facility;Described method includes following steps:
1c) water body enters shunting well from water inlet, in the device real-time monitoring shunting well well body by monitoring water body liquid level Water body liquid level H passes through water quality C in the device real-time monitoring well of monitoring water quality;Pass through monitoring water body liquid level Device real-time monitoring is regulated and stored water body liquid level H ' in facility;
2c) as C>=C1 and H<H1, the first water conservancy switch is in the open state, and the second water conservancy switch is in close state, 4th water conservancy switch is in current floe condition;Water body is arranged to sewage treatment plant;
3c) as C>=C1 and H1≤H<H2, if H '<H3, the first water conservancy switch is in the open state, the second water conservancy switch In the open state, the 4th water conservancy switch is in current floe condition;Part water body is arranged to sewage treatment plant, and part water body is arranged to regulating and storing Facility is temporarily stored;If H ' >=H3, the first water conservancy switch is in the open state, and the second water conservancy switch is in close state, 4th water conservancy switch is in current floe condition;Water body is arranged to sewage treatment plant;
4c) as C>=C1 and H>=H2, if H '<H3, the first water conservancy switch is in the open state, and the second water conservancy switch is in Open state, the 4th water conservancy switch are in the open state;Part water body is arranged to sewage treatment plant, and part water body is arranged to facility of regulating and storing It is temporarily stored, part water body flows through in the pipeline that outlet pipe is connected with natural water, and then arranges into natural water;If H ' >=H3, the first water conservancy switch is in the open state, and the second water conservancy switch is in close state, and the 4th water conservancy switch is in opening state State;Part water body is arranged to sewage treatment plant, and part water body flows through in the pipeline that outlet pipe is connected with natural water, and then is arranged to certainly In right water body;
5c) as C < C1, the first water conservancy switch is in close state, and the second water conservancy switch is in close state, the 4th water Benefit switch is in the open state;Water body flows through in the pipeline that outlet pipe is connected with natural water, and then arranges into natural water.
In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, topography point average in receivable water area is being occurred according to shunting well Height when ponding risk sets the normal water level H1 of shunting well in the control unit of the control system.It is corresponding according to shunting well It receives height of the topography minimum point when ponding risk occurs in water area and sets shunting well in the control unit of the control system Warning line H2.The facility of regulating and storing is set in the control unit of the control system according to the carrying capacity of the facility of regulating and storing Highest reserve-water-level H3.The device of the monitoring water body liquid level is liquid level sensor, liquidometer, liquid-level switch etc..
In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, it is shunted according to the environmental carrying capacity for the natural water being discharged into and entrance The water quality of well sets pollutant concentration standard value C1 in the control unit of the control system.The monitoring water quality Device be Water quality detector, online COD monitor, online ammonia nitrogen monitor, online TSS monitor, online BOD monitor, Line NH3- N monitor, online TP monitor, online TN monitor, electrode, conductivity meter etc., monitoring is shunting well well body The concentration of pollutant in interior water body, the pollutant include TSS, COD, BOD, NH3One or more of-N, TN or TP.Institute Stating Water quality detector can be the detection realized using electrode method, UV optical method, optical scattering method etc. to water quality.
In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the environmental carrying capacity for the natural water that the shunting well is discharged into can be with It is natural water such as rivers,lakes and seas;When the environmental carrying capacity of the natural water is larger (such as ocean), pollutant concentration standard value C1 It can properly increase;When the environmental carrying capacity of the natural water is smaller (such as lake), pollutant concentration standard value C1 can be appropriate It reduces.When the water quality into shunting well is preferable, for example middle and later periods rainwater, pollutant concentration standard value C1 can be fitted Work as reduction;When the water quality into shunting well is poor, for example sanitary sewage and/or initial rainwater, pollutant concentration Standard value C1 can be properly increased.Pollution the purpose is to reduction as few as possible to natural water.
Embodiment 6
Provided in this embodiment is a kind of water discharge control method of total amount method control, and the water discharge control method is based on real Drainage system described in example 1 is applied, the drainage system includes control system, and the first monitoring device in the control system includes It monitors the device of water body total amount and is arranged in shunting well well body on the first water conservancy switch and the second water conservancy switch, the control system The second monitoring device in system includes monitoring the device of water body liquid level and being arranged in facility of regulating and storing, in the control of the control system The highest reserve-water-level H3 that shunting well needs the first rain total amount Q1 to shut off and facility of regulating and storing is set in unit;The method includes such as Lower step:
1d) when the rainy day, water body enters shunting well from water inlet, by monitoring the device real-time monitoring of water body total amount by the The water body total amount Q of one water conservancy switch and the second water conservancy switch;Device real-time monitoring by monitoring water body liquid level is regulated and stored in facility Water body liquid level H ';
2d) as Q < Q1, if H ' < H3, the first water conservancy switch is in the open state, and the second water conservancy switch is in opening state State, the 4th water conservancy switch are in current floe condition;Part water body is arranged to sewage treatment plant, and part water body is arranged to carry out temporarily to facility of regulating and storing When store;If H ' >=H3, the first water conservancy switch is in the open state, and the second water conservancy switch is in close state, and the 4th water conservancy is opened It closes and is in current floe condition;Water body is arranged to sewage treatment plant;
3d) as Q >=Q1, the first water conservancy switch is in close state, and the second water conservancy switch is in close state, the 4th water Benefit switch is in the open state;Water body flows through in the pipeline that outlet pipe is connected with natural water, and then arranges into natural water.
In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the method also includes following steps:
4d) when fine day, water body enters shunting well from water inlet, and the first water conservancy switch is in the open state, and the second water conservancy is opened Pass is in close state, and the 4th water conservancy switch is in current floe condition;Water body is arranged to sewage treatment plant.
In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, according to the carrying capacity of the facility of regulating and storing the control system control The highest reserve-water-level H3 of the facility of regulating and storing is set in unit processed.The device of the monitoring water body liquid level is liquid level sensor, liquid Position meter, liquid-level switch etc..
In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, according to shunting well to the first rain of required collection in receivable water area Total amount sets rain total amount Q1 at the beginning of the standard that shunting well needs to shut off in the control unit of the control system.The monitoring water body is total The device of amount is selected from the electronic headstock gear with function of measuring.
Embodiment 7
Provided in this embodiment is a kind of water discharge control method of total amount-water level method control, and the water discharge control method is Based on drainage system described in embodiment 1, the drainage system includes control system, the first monitoring dress in the control system It sets the device including monitoring water body total amount and is arranged in shunting well well body on the first water conservancy switch and the second water conservancy switch, it is described The first monitoring device in control system further includes monitoring the device of water body liquid level and being arranged in shunting well well body, the control The second monitoring device in system includes monitoring the device of water body liquid level and being arranged in facility of regulating and storing, in the control of the control system The warning water of the first rain total amount Q1 of standard that shunting well needs to shut off, the normal water level H1 of shunting well, shunting well is set in unit processed The highest reserve-water-level H3 of position H2 and facility of regulating and storing;Described method includes following steps:
1e) when the rainy day, water body enters shunting well from water inlet, by the device real-time monitoring shunting well for monitoring water body liquid level Water body liquid level H in well body, the device real-time monitoring by monitoring water body total amount pass through the first water conservancy switch and the second water conservancy The water body total amount Q of switch;Device real-time monitoring by monitoring water body liquid level is regulated and stored water body liquid level H ' in facility;
2e) as Q < Q1 and H < H1, the first water conservancy switch is in the open state, and the second water conservancy switch is in close state, 4th water conservancy switch is in current floe condition;Water body is arranged to sewage treatment plant;
3e) as Q < Q1 and H1≤H < H2, if H ' < H3, the first water conservancy switch is in the open state, at the second water conservancy switch In open state, the 4th water conservancy switch is in current floe condition;Part water body is arranged to sewage treatment plant, and part water body is arranged to be set to regulating and storing It applies and is temporarily stored;If H ' >=H3, the first water conservancy switch is in the open state, and the second water conservancy switch is in close state, the Four water conservancies switch is in current floe condition;Water body is arranged to sewage treatment plant;
4e) as Q<Q1 and H>=H2, if H '<H3, the first water conservancy switch is in the open state, and the second water conservancy switch is in Open state, the 4th water conservancy switch are in the open state;Part water body is arranged to sewage treatment plant, and part water body is arranged to facility of regulating and storing It is temporarily stored, part water body flows through in the pipeline that outlet pipe is connected with natural water, and then arranges into natural water;If H ' >=H3, the first water conservancy switch is in the open state, and the second water conservancy switch is in close state, and the 4th water conservancy switch is in opening state State;Part water body is arranged to sewage treatment plant, and part water body flows through in the pipeline that outlet pipe is connected with natural water, and then is arranged to certainly In right water body;
5e) as Q >=Q1, the first water conservancy switch is in close state, and the second water conservancy switch is in close state, the 4th water Benefit switch is in the open state;Water body flows through in the pipeline that outlet pipe is connected with natural water, and then arranges into natural water.
In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the method also includes following steps:
6e) when fine day, water body enters shunting well from water inlet, and the first water conservancy switch is in the open state, and the second water conservancy is opened Pass is in close state, and the 4th water conservancy switch is in current floe condition;Water body is arranged to sewage treatment plant.
In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, topography point average in receivable water area is being occurred according to shunting well Height when ponding risk sets the normal water level H1 of shunting well in the control unit of the control system.It is corresponding according to shunting well It receives height of the topography minimum point when ponding risk occurs in water area and sets shunting well in the control unit of the control system Warning line H2.The facility of regulating and storing is set in the control unit of the control system according to the carrying capacity of the facility of regulating and storing Highest reserve-water-level H3.The device of the monitoring water body liquid level is liquid level sensor, liquidometer, liquid-level switch etc..
In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, according to shunting well to the first rain of required collection in receivable water area Total amount sets rain total amount Q1 at the beginning of the standard that shunting well needs to shut off in the control unit of the control system.The monitoring water body is total The device of amount is selected from the electronic headstock gear with function of measuring.
Embodiment 8
Provided in this embodiment is a kind of water discharge control method of rainfall method control, and the water discharge control method is based on real Drainage system described in example 1 is applied, the drainage system includes control system, and the first monitoring device in the control system includes It monitors the device of rainfall and is arranged outside shunting well well body, the second monitoring device in the control system includes monitoring water body liquid The device of position and it is arranged in facility of regulating and storing, is set in the control unit of the control system at the beginning of shunting well needs the standard shut off The highest reserve-water-level H3 of rain rainfall L1 and facility of regulating and storing;Described method includes following steps:
1f) water body enters shunting well from water inlet, rain rainfall L at the beginning of the device real-time monitoring by monitoring rainfall;
It is at this time fine day 2f) as L=0, the first water conservancy switch is in the open state, and the second water conservancy switch is in closing State, the 4th water conservancy switch are in current floe condition;Water body is arranged to sewage treatment plant;
It is at this time the rainy day 3f) as L > 0, the device real-time monitoring by monitoring water body liquid level is regulated and stored water body liquid in facility Position height H ';
4f) as 0 < L < L1, if H ' < H3, the first water conservancy switch is in the open state, and the second water conservancy switch is in opening state State, the 4th water conservancy switch are in current floe condition;Part water body is arranged to sewage treatment plant, and part water body is arranged to carry out temporarily to facility of regulating and storing When store;If H ' >=H3, the first water conservancy switch is in the open state, and the second water conservancy switch is in close state, and the 4th water conservancy is opened It closes and is in current floe condition;Water body is arranged to sewage treatment plant;
5f) as L >=L1, the first water conservancy switch is in close state, and the second water conservancy switch is in close state, the 4th water Benefit switch is in the open state;Water body flows through in the pipeline that outlet pipe is connected with natural water, and then arranges into natural water.
In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, according to the carrying capacity of the facility of regulating and storing the control system control The highest reserve-water-level H3 of the facility of regulating and storing is set in unit processed.The device of the monitoring water body liquid level is liquid level sensor, liquid Position meter, liquid-level switch etc..
In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, according to shunting well to the first rain of required collection in receivable water area Millimeter sets rain rainfall L1 at the beginning of the standard that shunting well needs to shut off in the control unit of the control system.The monitoring rainfall Device be rainfall gauge.
Embodiment 9
Provided in this embodiment is a kind of water discharge control method of rainfall-water level method control, and the water discharge control method is Based on drainage system described in embodiment 1, the drainage system includes control system, the first monitoring dress in the control system It sets the device including monitoring rainfall and is arranged outside shunting well well body, the first monitoring device in the control system further includes prison It surveys the device of water body liquid level and is arranged in shunting well well body, the second monitoring device in the control system includes monitoring water body The device of liquid level and it is arranged in facility of regulating and storing, the standard that shunting well needs to shut off is set in the control unit of the control system The highest reserve-water-level H3 of first rain rainfall L1, the normal water level H1 of shunting well, the warning line H2 of shunting well and facility of regulating and storing;Institute The method of stating includes the following steps:
1g) water body enters shunting well from water inlet, rain rainfall L at the beginning of the device real-time monitoring by monitoring rainfall;
It is at this time fine day 2g) as L=0, the first water conservancy switch is in the open state, and the second water conservancy switch is in closing State, the 4th water conservancy switch are in current floe condition;Water body is arranged to sewage treatment plant;
It is at this time the rainy day 3g) as L > 0, water body in the device real-time monitoring shunting well well body by monitoring water body liquid level Liquid level H;Device real-time monitoring by monitoring water body liquid level is regulated and stored water body liquid level H ' in facility;
4g) as 0 < L < L1 and H < H1, the first water conservancy switch is in the open state, and the second water conservancy switch is in closing shape State, the 4th water conservancy switch are in current floe condition;Water body is arranged to sewage treatment plant;
5g) as 0 < L < L1 and H1≤H < H2, if H ' < H3, the first water conservancy switch is in the open state, the second water conservancy switch In the open state, the 4th water conservancy switch is in current floe condition;Part water body is arranged to sewage treatment plant, and part water body is arranged to regulating and storing Facility is temporarily stored;If H ' >=H3, the first water conservancy switch is in the open state, and the second water conservancy switch is in close state, 4th water conservancy switch is in current floe condition;Water body is arranged to sewage treatment plant;
6g) as 0<L<L1 and H>=H2, if H '<H3, the first water conservancy switch is in the open state, at the second water conservancy switch In open state, the 4th water conservancy switch is in the open state;Part water body is arranged to sewage treatment plant, and part water body is arranged to be set to regulating and storing It applies and is temporarily stored, part water body flows through in the pipeline that outlet pipe is connected with natural water, and then arranges into natural water;If H ' >=H3, the first water conservancy switch is in the open state, and the second water conservancy switch is in close state, and the 4th water conservancy switch is in unlatching State;Part water body is arranged to sewage treatment plant, and part water body flows through in the pipeline that outlet pipe is connected with natural water, so arrange to In natural water;
7g) as L >=L1, the first water conservancy switch is in close state, and the second water conservancy switch is in close state, the 4th water Benefit switch is in the open state;Water body flows through in the pipeline that outlet pipe is connected with natural water, and then arranges into natural water.
In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, topography point average in receivable water area is being occurred according to shunting well Height when ponding risk sets the normal water level H1 of shunting well in the control unit of the control system.It is corresponding according to shunting well It receives height of the topography minimum point when ponding risk occurs in water area and sets shunting well in the control unit of the control system Warning line H2.The facility of regulating and storing is set in the control unit of the control system according to the carrying capacity of the facility of regulating and storing Highest reserve-water-level H3.The device of the monitoring water body liquid level is liquid level sensor, liquidometer, liquid-level switch etc..
In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, according to shunting well to the first rain of required collection in receivable water area Millimeter sets rain rainfall L1 at the beginning of the standard that shunting well needs to shut off in the control unit of the control system.The monitoring rainfall Device be rainfall gauge.
Embodiment 10
Provided in this embodiment is a kind of water discharge control method of Time Method control, and the water discharge control method is based on real Drainage system described in example 1 is applied, the drainage system includes control system, and the first monitoring device in the control system includes Second monitoring device of the device and setting of monitoring time in shunting well well body or outside shunting well well body, in the control system Including monitoring the device of water body liquid level and being arranged in facility of regulating and storing, the established standards time in the control unit of the control system The highest reserve-water-level H3 of T1 and facility of regulating and storing;Described method includes following steps:
1h) when fine day, water body enters shunting well from water inlet, and the first water conservancy switch is in the open state, and the second water conservancy is opened Pass is in close state, and the 4th water conservancy switch is in current floe condition;Water body is arranged to sewage treatment plant;
2h) when the rainy day, water body enters shunting well from water inlet, passes through the device real-time monitoring rain time T of monitoring time; Device real-time monitoring by monitoring water body liquid level is regulated and stored water body liquid level H ' in facility;
3h) as T < T1, if H ' < H3, the first water conservancy switch is in the open state, and the second water conservancy switch is in opening state State, the 4th water conservancy switch are in current floe condition;Part water body is arranged to sewage treatment plant, and part water body is arranged to carry out temporarily to facility of regulating and storing When store;If H ' >=H3, the first water conservancy switch is in the open state, and the second water conservancy switch is in close state, and the 4th water conservancy is opened It closes and is in current floe condition;Water body is arranged to sewage treatment plant;
4h) as T >=T1, the first water conservancy switch is in close state, and the second water conservancy switch is in close state, the 4th water Benefit switch is in the open state;Water body flows through in the pipeline that outlet pipe is connected with natural water, and then arranges into natural water.
In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, according to the carrying capacity of the facility of regulating and storing the control system control The highest reserve-water-level H3 of the facility of regulating and storing is set in unit processed.The device of the monitoring water body liquid level is liquid level sensor, liquid Position meter, liquid-level switch etc..
In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, according to the rain time of initial rainwater and shunting well to receivable pool Initial rainwater whole diameter flows to established standards time in the control unit of control system time required for shunting well in domain T1.The device of the monitoring time is timer.
Embodiment 11
The water discharge control method of water level method control m- when being a kind of provided in this embodiment, the water discharge control method are Based on drainage system described in embodiment 1, the drainage system includes control system, the first monitoring dress in the control system The device including monitoring time and setting are set in shunting well well body or outside shunting well well body, the first prison in the control system Surveying device further includes monitoring the device of water body liquid level and being arranged in shunting well well body, the second monitoring dress in the control system It sets the device including monitoring water body liquid level and is arranged in facility of regulating and storing, in the control unit of the control system when established standards Between T1, the normal water level H1 of shunting well, the warning line H2 of shunting well and facility of regulating and storing highest reserve-water-level H3;The method Include the following steps:
1i) when fine day, water body enters shunting well from water inlet, and the first water conservancy switch is in the open state, and the second water conservancy is opened Pass is in close state, and the 4th water conservancy switch is in current floe condition;Water body is arranged to sewage treatment plant;
2i) when the rainy day, water body enters shunting well from water inlet, by the device real-time monitoring shunting well for monitoring water body liquid level Water body liquid level H in well body passes through the device real-time monitoring rain time T of monitoring time;By the dress for monitoring water body liquid level Real-time monitoring is set to regulate and store water body liquid level H ' in facility;
3i) as T < T1 and H < H1, the first water conservancy switch is in the open state, and the second water conservancy switch is in close state, 4th water conservancy switch is in current floe condition;Water body is arranged to sewage treatment plant;
4i) as T < T1 and H1≤H < H2, if H ' < H3, the first water conservancy switch is in the open state, at the second water conservancy switch In open state, the 4th water conservancy switch is in current floe condition;Part water body is arranged to sewage treatment plant, and part water body is arranged to be set to regulating and storing It applies and is temporarily stored;If H ' >=H3, the first water conservancy switch is in the open state, and the second water conservancy switch is in close state, the Four water conservancies switch is in current floe condition;Water body is arranged to sewage treatment plant;
5i) as T<T1 and H>=H2, if H '<H3, the first water conservancy switch is in the open state, and the second water conservancy switch is in Open state, the 4th water conservancy switch are in the open state;Part water body is arranged to sewage treatment plant, and part water body is arranged to facility of regulating and storing It is temporarily stored, part water body flows through in the pipeline that outlet pipe is connected with natural water, and then arranges into natural water;If H ' >=H3, the first water conservancy switch is in the open state, and the second water conservancy switch is in close state, and the 4th water conservancy switch is in opening state State;Part water body is arranged to sewage treatment plant, and part water body flows through in the pipeline that outlet pipe is connected with natural water, and then is arranged to certainly In right water body;
6i) as T >=T1, the first water conservancy switch is in close state, and the second water conservancy switch is in close state, the 4th water Benefit switch is in the open state;Water body flows through in the pipeline that outlet pipe is connected with natural water, and then arranges into natural water.
In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, according to the rain time of initial rainwater and shunting well to receivable pool Initial rainwater whole diameter flows to established standards time in the control unit of control system time required for shunting well in domain T1.The device of the monitoring time is timer.
In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, topography point average in receivable water area is being occurred according to shunting well Height when ponding risk sets the normal water level H1 of shunting well in the control unit of the control system.It is corresponding according to shunting well It receives height of the topography minimum point when ponding risk occurs in water area and sets shunting well in the control unit of the control system Warning line H2.The facility of regulating and storing is set in the control unit of the control system according to the carrying capacity of the facility of regulating and storing Highest reserve-water-level H3.The device of the monitoring water body liquid level is liquid level sensor, liquidometer, liquid-level switch etc..
Embodiment 12
When the drainage system includes online treatment facility, i.e., the drainage system of corresponding embodiment 2 when, using above-mentioned reality The water discharge control method of a 3-11 is applied, and further respectively further comprises following steps:
When the 4th water conservancy, which switchs the in the open state and described online processing facility, to be arranged on outlet pipe pipeline;Water body It flows through outlet pipe and flows into online processing facility from the arrival end of online processing facility, after processing, from going out for online processing facility Mouth end flows into outlet pipe downstream.
When the 4th water conservancy, which switchs the in the open state and described online processing facility, to be arranged on outlet pipe branch road, pass through Adjust the flow direction of the aperture adjustment water body of the 7th water conservancy switch;When the 7th water conservancy switch is in the open state, part water body stream It is directly discharged to through outlet pipe towards in the pipeline of natural water, it is online that part water body flows through the branch routing being arranged in by outlet pipe The arrival end for the treatment of facility enters online processing facility, after processing, flows under outlet pipe from the outlet end of online processing facility You Duan is directly discharged to lead to the pipeline of natural water;When the 7th water conservancy switch is in current floe condition, whole water bodys are flowed through The arrival end that the branch routing online processing facility by outlet pipe is arranged in enters online processing facility, after processing, from online The outlet end of reason facility flows into outlet pipe downstream or is directly discharged to the pipeline towards natural water.
In above-described embodiment 3-12, the first water conservancy switch, the second water conservancy switch and the 7th water conservancy switch be may be implemented Maximum current-limiting function, it is in the open state to refer to the maximum stream flow for being less than or equal to setting by the flow value that the water conservancy switchs Value.This can adjust the aperture of the water conservancy switch by the control unit in control system to realize.
In above-described embodiment 3-12, the 4th water conservancy switch is in the open state to refer to that water body can be by the water conservancy Switch flows to natural water.
In above-described embodiment 3-12, the 4th water conservancy switch and the 7th water conservancy switch are in current floe condition and refer to adjusting institute The aperture for stating water conservancy switch guarantees that water body shuts off in the upstream end of water conservancy switch, cannot be switched and be flowed to by the water conservancy Natural water.
In above-described embodiment 3-12, the water conservancy switch, which is in close state, refers to the water body switched by the water conservancy Flow value is zero.
More than, embodiments of the present invention are illustrated.But the present invention is not limited to above embodiment.It is all Within the spirit and principles in the present invention, any modification, equivalent substitution, improvement and etc. done should be included in guarantor of the invention Within the scope of shield.

Claims (13)

1. a kind of drainage system, which is characterized in that the drainage system includes shunting well, and the shunting well includes shunting well well body It is that water inlet, the first water outlet, the second water outlet and third go out respectively with four openings being set in the shunting well well body The mouth of a river;
The drainage system further includes the first water conservancy switch, the second water conservancy switch and the 4th water conservancy switch;Wherein, close to described First water outlet is arranged the first water conservancy and switchs, for controlling the water amount for passing through the first water outlet;Go out close to described second The second water conservancy is arranged at the mouth of a river to switch, for controlling the water amount for passing through the second water outlet;Wherein, it is discharged close to the third The 4th water conservancy of setting switchs at mouthful, for controlling the water amount for passing through third water outlet;
The drainage system further includes facility of regulating and storing, and the facility of regulating and storing is connected with the second water outlet;
The drainage system further includes cutting dirty pipe;First water outlet is connected by cutting dirty pipe with sewage treatment plant;
The drainage system further includes outlet pipe;The third water outlet passes through outlet pipe and the pipeline phase for leading to natural water Even;
The drainage system further includes control system, the control system include the first monitoring device, the second monitoring device and with The control unit of the two signal connection;Described control unit and the first water conservancy switch, the second water conservancy switch and the 4th water conservancy switch Signal connection;First monitoring device and the second monitoring device are used for monitoring signals and the signal of monitoring are conveyed to control list Member, signal controls the aperture that the first water conservancy switch, the second water conservancy switch and the 4th water conservancy switch to control unit based on the received;
The drainage system further includes online processing facility;The online processing facility is arranged on outlet pipe or setting is from out Water pipe line separates and terminal is incorporated to the branch of outlet pipe pipeline on the road;Or setting separated from outlet pipe pipeline and terminal connection from The branch road of right water body;
It is separated from outlet pipe pipeline and when terminal is incorporated on the branch road of outlet pipe pipeline when the online processing facility is arranged in, The 7th water conservancy is arranged between the position for separating and being incorporated on outlet pipe pipeline and in branch to switch;Alternatively, working as the online processing Facility be arranged in from outlet pipe pipeline separate and terminal connection natural water branch road on when, on outlet pipe pipeline and in branch The downstream for separating position is arranged the 7th water conservancy and switchs;The 7th water conservancy switch is connect with control unit signal, control unit Signal controls the aperture of the 7th water conservancy switch based on the received, and the 7th water conservancy switch is selected from ball valve, gate valve, knife gate valve, butterfly Valve, lift rubber slab shut off check-valves, upper open type gate, bottom-open type gate, upper open type weir gate, bottom-open type weir gate, rotary Weir gate, shut off one of flap valve.
2. drainage system according to claim 1, which is characterized in that first monitoring device includes monitoring water quality Device, monitor water body total amount device, monitor the device of rainfall, one of device of monitoring time;Alternatively, monitoring water body The device of the device of liquid level and monitoring water quality, monitor the device of water body total amount, monitors the device and monitoring time of rainfall The combination of one of device;
The device of the monitoring water body liquid level and the device of monitoring water quality are arranged in shunting well well body, monitor the dress of rainfall It installs outside shunting well well body, the device of monitoring water body total amount is arranged on the switch of the water conservancy in shunting well well body, when monitoring Between device be arranged in shunting well well body or outside well body;
Second monitoring device includes the device for monitoring water body liquid level, and second monitoring device is arranged in facility of regulating and storing.
3. drainage system according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the device of the monitoring water body liquid level is passed selected from liquid level Sensor, liquidometer, liquid-level switch, the device of the monitoring water quality are selected from Water quality detector, online COD monitor, online TSS monitor, online BOD monitor, online TN monitor, online TP monitor, online NH3- N monitor, online ammonia nitrogen prison Instrument, electrode, conductivity meter are surveyed, the device of the monitoring water body total amount is selected from the electronic headstock gear with function of measuring, the prison The device to measure rainfall is selected from rainfall gauge, and the device of the monitoring time is selected from timer.
4. drainage system according to claim 1, which is characterized in that first water conservancy switch, the second water conservancy switch and 4th water conservancy switch separately shuts off check-valves, upper open type selected from ball valve, gate valve, knife gate valve, butterfly valve, lift rubber slab Gate, bottom-open type gate, upper open type weir gate, bottom-open type weir gate, rotary weir gate, shut off one of flap valve.
5. a kind of water discharge control method of water quality method control, which is characterized in that the water discharge control method is based on claim The described in any item drainage systems of 1-4, the drainage system include shunting well, and the shunting well includes shunting well well body and setting Four openings in the shunting well well body, are water inlet, the first water outlet, the second water outlet and third water outlet respectively; The drainage system further includes the first water conservancy switch, the second water conservancy switch and the 4th water conservancy switch;Wherein, close to described first Water outlet is arranged the first water conservancy and switchs, for controlling the water amount for passing through the first water outlet;Close to second water outlet Place's the second water conservancy of setting switchs, for controlling the water amount for passing through the second water outlet;Wherein, close to the third water outlet 4th water conservancy switch is set, for controlling the water amount for passing through third water outlet;The drainage system further includes facility of regulating and storing, institute Facility of regulating and storing is stated to be connected with the second water outlet;The drainage system further includes cutting dirty pipe;First water outlet is by cutting dirty pipe It is connected with sewage treatment plant;The drainage system further includes outlet pipe;The third water outlet is by outlet pipe and leads to nature The pipeline of water body is connected;
The drainage system includes control system, and the first monitoring device in the control system includes the dress for monitoring water quality It sets and is arranged in shunting well well body, the second monitoring device in the control system includes monitoring the device of water body liquid level and setting It sets in facility of regulating and storing, the highest of pollutant concentration standard value C1 and facility of regulating and storing is set in the control unit of the control system Reserve-water-level H3;Described method includes following steps:
1b) water body enters shunting well from water inlet, water quality C in the device real-time monitoring well by monitoring water quality;It is logical The device real-time monitoring for crossing monitoring water body liquid level is regulated and stored water body liquid level H ' in facility;
2b) as C>=C1, if H '<H3, the first water conservancy switch is in the open state, and the second water conservancy switch is in the open state, the Four water conservancies switch is in current floe condition;If H ' >=H3, the first water conservancy switch is in the open state, and the second water conservancy switch is in closing State, the 4th water conservancy switch are in current floe condition;
3b) as C < C1, the first water conservancy switch is in close state, and the second water conservancy switch is in close state, and the 4th water conservancy is opened It closes in the open state;
The highest water storage of the facility of regulating and storing is set in the control unit of the control system according to the carrying capacity of the facility of regulating and storing Water level H3;According to the environmental carrying capacity for the natural water being discharged into and enter shunting well water quality the control system control Pollutant concentration standard value C1 is set in unit.
6. a kind of water level-water quality method control water discharge control method, which is characterized in that the water discharge control method is based on right It is required that the described in any item drainage systems of 1-4, the drainage system include shunting well, the shunting well include shunting well well body and Four openings being set in the shunting well well body are water inlet, the first water outlet, the second water outlet and third water outlet respectively Mouthful;The drainage system further includes the first water conservancy switch, the second water conservancy switch and the 4th water conservancy switch;Wherein, close to described First water outlet is arranged the first water conservancy and switchs, for controlling the water amount for passing through the first water outlet;Go out close to described second The second water conservancy is arranged at the mouth of a river to switch, for controlling the water amount for passing through the second water outlet;Wherein, it is discharged close to the third The 4th water conservancy of setting switchs at mouthful, for controlling the water amount for passing through third water outlet;The drainage system further includes regulating and storing to set It applies, the facility of regulating and storing is connected with the second water outlet;The drainage system further includes cutting dirty pipe;First water outlet is by cutting Dirt pipe is connected with sewage treatment plant;The drainage system further includes outlet pipe;The third water outlet passes through outlet pipe and leads to The pipeline of natural water is connected;
The drainage system includes control system, and the first monitoring device in the control system includes the dress for monitoring water body liquid level It sets and monitors the device of water quality and be arranged in shunting well well body, the second monitoring device in the control system includes It monitors the device of water body liquid level and is arranged in facility of regulating and storing, the standard of shunting well is set in the control unit of the control system The highest reserve-water-level H3 of water level H1, the warning line H2, the pollutant concentration standard value C1 that set shunting well and facility of regulating and storing;Institute The method of stating includes the following steps:
1c) water body enters shunting well from water inlet, water body in the device real-time monitoring shunting well well body by monitoring water body liquid level Liquid level H passes through water quality C in the device real-time monitoring well of monitoring water quality;By the device for monitoring water body liquid level Real-time monitoring is regulated and stored water body liquid level H ' in facility;
2c) as C>=C1 and H<H1, the first water conservancy switch is in the open state, and the second water conservancy switch is in close state, and the 4th Water conservancy switch is in current floe condition;
3c) as C>=C1 and H1≤H<H2, if H '<H3, the first water conservancy switch is in the open state, and the second water conservancy switch is in Open state, the 4th water conservancy switch are in current floe condition;If H ' >=H3, the first water conservancy switchs in the open state, the second water conservancy Switch is in close state, and the 4th water conservancy switch is in current floe condition;
4c) as C>=C1 and H>=H2, if H '<H3, the first water conservancy switch is in the open state, and the second water conservancy switch is in unlatching State, the 4th water conservancy switch are in the open state;If H ' >=H3, the first water conservancy switch is in the open state, the second water conservancy switch It is in close state, the 4th water conservancy switch is in the open state;
5c) as C < C1, the first water conservancy switch is in close state, and the second water conservancy switch is in close state, and the 4th water conservancy is opened It closes in the open state;
According to shunting well to averagely control of height of the topography point when ponding risk occurs in the control system in receivable water area The normal water level H1 of shunting well is set in unit processed;Ponding wind is being occurred to topography minimum point in receivable water area according to shunting well Height when dangerous sets the warning line H2 of shunting well in the control unit of the control system;According to the receiving of the facility of regulating and storing Ability sets the highest reserve-water-level H3 of the facility of regulating and storing in the control unit of the control system, according to the Natural Water being discharged into The environmental carrying capacity of body and the water quality for entering shunting well set pollutant concentration standard in the control unit of the control system Value C1.
7. a kind of water discharge control method of total amount method control, which is characterized in that the water discharge control method is based on claim The described in any item drainage systems of 1-4, the drainage system include shunting well, and the shunting well includes shunting well well body and setting Four openings in the shunting well well body, are water inlet, the first water outlet, the second water outlet and third water outlet respectively;
The drainage system further includes the first water conservancy switch, the second water conservancy switch and the 4th water conservancy switch;Wherein, close to described First water outlet is arranged the first water conservancy and switchs, for controlling the water amount for passing through the first water outlet;Go out close to described second The second water conservancy is arranged at the mouth of a river to switch, for controlling the water amount for passing through the second water outlet;Wherein, it is discharged close to the third The 4th water conservancy of setting switchs at mouthful, for controlling the water amount for passing through third water outlet;The drainage system further includes regulating and storing to set It applies, the facility of regulating and storing is connected with the second water outlet;The drainage system further includes cutting dirty pipe;First water outlet is by cutting Dirt pipe is connected with sewage treatment plant;The drainage system further includes outlet pipe;The third water outlet passes through outlet pipe and leads to The pipeline of natural water is connected;
The drainage system includes control system, and the first monitoring device in the control system includes the dress for monitoring water body total amount It sets and is arranged in shunting well well body on the first water conservancy switch and the second water conservancy switch, the second monitoring dress in the control system It sets the device including monitoring water body liquid level and is arranged in facility of regulating and storing, set shunting well in the control unit of the control system The highest reserve-water-level H3 of the first rain total amount Q1 and facility of regulating and storing that need to shut off;Described method includes following steps:
1d) when the rainy day, water body enters shunting well from water inlet, and the device real-time monitoring by monitoring water body total amount passes through the first water The water body total amount Q of benefit switch and the second water conservancy switch;Device real-time monitoring by monitoring water body liquid level is regulated and stored water body in facility Liquid level H ';
2d) as Q < Q1, if H ' < H3, the first water conservancy switch is in the open state, and the second water conservancy switch is in the open state, the Four water conservancies switch is in current floe condition;If H ' >=H3, the first water conservancy switch is in the open state, and the second water conservancy switch is in closing State, the 4th water conservancy switch are in current floe condition;
3d) as Q >=Q1, the first water conservancy switch is in close state, and the second water conservancy switch is in close state, and the 4th water conservancy is opened It closes in the open state;
4d) when fine day, water body enters shunting well from water inlet, and the first water conservancy switch is in the open state, at the second water conservancy switch In closed state, the 4th water conservancy switch is in current floe condition;
The highest water storage of the facility of regulating and storing is set in the control unit of the control system according to the carrying capacity of the facility of regulating and storing Water level H3 is set in the control unit of the control system according to first rain total amount of the shunting well to required collection in receivable water area Determine the first rain total amount Q1 of standard that shunting well needs to shut off.
8. a kind of total amount-water level method control water discharge control method, which is characterized in that the water discharge control method is based on right It is required that the described in any item drainage systems of 1-4, the drainage system include shunting well, the shunting well include shunting well well body and Four openings being set in the shunting well well body are water inlet, the first water outlet, the second water outlet and third water outlet respectively Mouthful;
The drainage system further includes the first water conservancy switch, the second water conservancy switch and the 4th water conservancy switch;Wherein, close to described First water outlet is arranged the first water conservancy and switchs, for controlling the water amount for passing through the first water outlet;Go out close to described second The second water conservancy is arranged at the mouth of a river to switch, for controlling the water amount for passing through the second water outlet;Wherein, it is discharged close to the third The 4th water conservancy of setting switchs at mouthful, for controlling the water amount for passing through third water outlet;The drainage system further includes regulating and storing to set It applies, the facility of regulating and storing is connected with the second water outlet;The drainage system further includes cutting dirty pipe;First water outlet is by cutting Dirt pipe is connected with sewage treatment plant;The drainage system further includes outlet pipe;The third water outlet passes through outlet pipe and leads to The pipeline of natural water is connected;
The drainage system includes control system, and the first monitoring device in the control system includes the dress for monitoring water body total amount It sets and is arranged in shunting well well body on the first water conservancy switch and the second water conservancy switch, the first monitoring dress in the control system Set further includes monitoring the device of water body liquid level and the second monitoring device packet in shunting well well body, in the control system being arranged It includes the device of monitoring water body liquid level and is arranged in facility of regulating and storing, shunting well is set in the control unit of the control system and is needed The highest storage of the first rain total amount Q1 of the standard shut off, the normal water level H1 of shunting well, the warning line H2 of shunting well and facility of regulating and storing Water water level H3;Described method includes following steps:
1e) when the rainy day, water body enters shunting well from water inlet, by the device real-time monitoring shunting well well body for monitoring water body liquid level Interior water body liquid level H, the device real-time monitoring by monitoring water body total amount are switched by the first water conservancy switch and the second water conservancy Water body total amount Q;Device real-time monitoring by monitoring water body liquid level is regulated and stored water body liquid level H ' in facility;
2e) as Q < Q1 and H < H1, the first water conservancy switch is in the open state, and the second water conservancy switch is in close state, and the 4th Water conservancy switch is in current floe condition;
3e) as Q < Q1 and H1≤H < H2, if H ' < H3, the first water conservancy switch is in the open state, and the second water conservancy switch, which is in, to be opened State is opened, the 4th water conservancy switch is in current floe condition;If H ' >=H3, the first water conservancy switch is in the open state, and the second water conservancy is opened Pass is in close state, and the 4th water conservancy switch is in current floe condition;
4e) as Q<Q1 and H>=H2, if H '<H3, the first water conservancy switch is in the open state, and the second water conservancy switch is in unlatching State, the 4th water conservancy switch are in the open state;If H ' >=H3, the first water conservancy switch is in the open state, the second water conservancy switch It is in close state, the 4th water conservancy switch is in the open state;
5e) as Q >=Q1, the first water conservancy switch is in close state, and the second water conservancy switch is in close state, and the 4th water conservancy is opened It closes in the open state;
6e) when fine day, water body enters shunting well from water inlet, and the first water conservancy switch is in the open state, at the second water conservancy switch In closed state, the 4th water conservancy switch is in current floe condition;
According to shunting well to averagely control of height of the topography point when ponding risk occurs in the control system in receivable water area The normal water level H1 of shunting well is set in unit processed;Ponding wind is being occurred to topography minimum point in receivable water area according to shunting well Height when dangerous sets the warning line H2 of shunting well in the control unit of the control system;According to the receiving of the facility of regulating and storing Ability sets the highest reserve-water-level H3 of the facility of regulating and storing in the control unit of the control system;According to shunting well to receivable water At the beginning of the first rain total amount of required collection sets the standard that shunting well needs to shut off in the control unit of the control system in region Rain total amount Q1.
9. a kind of water discharge control method of rainfall method control, which is characterized in that the water discharge control method is based on claim The described in any item drainage systems of 1-4, the drainage system include shunting well, and the shunting well includes shunting well well body and setting Four openings in the shunting well well body, are water inlet, the first water outlet, the second water outlet and third water outlet respectively;
The drainage system further includes the first water conservancy switch, the second water conservancy switch and the 4th water conservancy switch;Wherein, close to described First water outlet is arranged the first water conservancy and switchs, for controlling the water amount for passing through the first water outlet;Go out close to described second The second water conservancy is arranged at the mouth of a river to switch, for controlling the water amount for passing through the second water outlet;Wherein, it is discharged close to the third The 4th water conservancy of setting switchs at mouthful, for controlling the water amount for passing through third water outlet;The drainage system further includes regulating and storing to set It applies, the facility of regulating and storing is connected with the second water outlet;The drainage system further includes cutting dirty pipe;First water outlet is by cutting Dirt pipe is connected with sewage treatment plant;The drainage system further includes outlet pipe;The third water outlet passes through outlet pipe and leads to The pipeline of natural water is connected;
The drainage system includes control system, the first monitoring device in the control system include monitor rainfall device and It is arranged outside shunting well well body, the second monitoring device in the control system includes the device for monitoring water body liquid level and setting exists It regulates and stores in facility, rain rainfall L1 at the beginning of shunting well needs the standard shut off is set in the control unit of the control system and is regulated and stored sets The highest reserve-water-level H3 applied;Described method includes following steps:
1f) water body enters shunting well from water inlet, rain rainfall L at the beginning of the device real-time monitoring by monitoring rainfall;
It is at this time fine day 2f) as L=0, the first water conservancy switch is in the open state, and the second water conservancy switch is in close state, 4th water conservancy switch is in current floe condition;
It is at this time the rainy day 3f) as L > 0, the water body liquid level in facility of regulating and storing of the device real-time monitoring by monitoring water body liquid level is high Spend H ';
4f) as 0 < L < L1, if H ' < H3, the first water conservancy switch is in the open state, and the second water conservancy switch is in the open state, 4th water conservancy switch is in current floe condition;If H ' >=H3, the first water conservancy switch is in the open state, and the second water conservancy switch is in pass Closed state, the 4th water conservancy switch are in current floe condition;
5f) as L >=L1, the first water conservancy switch is in close state, and the second water conservancy switch is in close state, and the 4th water conservancy is opened It closes in the open state;
The highest water storage of the facility of regulating and storing is set in the control unit of the control system according to the carrying capacity of the facility of regulating and storing Water level H3;According to shunting well to the first rain millimeter of required collection in receivable water area in the control unit of the control system The first rain rainfall L1 of the standard that setting shunting well needs to shut off.
10. a kind of rainfall-water level method control water discharge control method, which is characterized in that the water discharge control method is based on power Benefit requires the described in any item drainage systems of 1-4, and the drainage system includes shunting well, and the shunting well includes shunting well well body It is that water inlet, the first water outlet, the second water outlet and third go out respectively with four openings being set in the shunting well well body The mouth of a river;
The drainage system further includes the first water conservancy switch, the second water conservancy switch and the 4th water conservancy switch;Wherein, close to described First water outlet is arranged the first water conservancy and switchs, for controlling the water amount for passing through the first water outlet;Go out close to described second The second water conservancy is arranged at the mouth of a river to switch, for controlling the water amount for passing through the second water outlet;Wherein, it is discharged close to the third The 4th water conservancy of setting switchs at mouthful, for controlling the water amount for passing through third water outlet;The drainage system further includes regulating and storing to set It applies, the facility of regulating and storing is connected with the second water outlet;The drainage system further includes cutting dirty pipe;First water outlet is by cutting Dirt pipe is connected with sewage treatment plant;The drainage system further includes outlet pipe;The third water outlet passes through outlet pipe and leads to The pipeline of natural water is connected;
The drainage system includes control system, the first monitoring device in the control system include monitor rainfall device and It is arranged outside shunting well well body, the first monitoring device in the control system further includes monitoring device and the setting of water body liquid level In shunting well well body, the second monitoring device in the control system includes the device for monitoring water body liquid level and setting is being regulated and stored In facility, the mark of rain rainfall L1, shunting well at the beginning of setting the standard that shunting well needs to shut off in the control unit of the control system The highest reserve-water-level H3 of quasi- water level H1, the warning line H2 of shunting well and facility of regulating and storing;Described method includes following steps:
1g) water body enters shunting well from water inlet, rain rainfall L at the beginning of the device real-time monitoring by monitoring rainfall;
It is at this time fine day 2g) as L=0, the first water conservancy switch is in the open state, and the second water conservancy switch is in close state, 4th water conservancy switch is in current floe condition;
It is at this time the rainy day 3g) as L > 0, water body liquid level in the device real-time monitoring shunting well well body by monitoring water body liquid level Height H;Device real-time monitoring by monitoring water body liquid level is regulated and stored water body liquid level H ' in facility;
4g) as 0 < L < L1 and H < H1, the first water conservancy switch is in the open state, and the second water conservancy switch is in close state, the Four water conservancies switch is in current floe condition;
5g) as 0 < L < L1 and H1≤H < H2, if H ' < H3, the first water conservancy switch is in the open state, and the second water conservancy switch is in Open state, the 4th water conservancy switch are in current floe condition;If H ' >=H3, the first water conservancy switchs in the open state, the second water conservancy Switch is in close state, and the 4th water conservancy switch is in current floe condition;
6g) as 0<L<L1 and H>=H2, if H '<H3, the first water conservancy switch is in the open state, and the second water conservancy switch, which is in, to be opened State is opened, the 4th water conservancy switch is in the open state;If H ' >=H3, the first water conservancy switch is in the open state, and the second water conservancy is opened Pass is in close state, and the 4th water conservancy switch is in the open state;
7g) as L >=L1, the first water conservancy switch is in close state, and the second water conservancy switch is in close state, and the 4th water conservancy is opened It closes in the open state;
According to shunting well to averagely control of height of the topography point when ponding risk occurs in the control system in receivable water area The normal water level H1 of shunting well is set in unit processed;Ponding wind is being occurred to topography minimum point in receivable water area according to shunting well Height when dangerous sets the warning line H2 of shunting well in the control unit of the control system;According to the receiving of the facility of regulating and storing Ability sets the highest reserve-water-level H3 of the facility of regulating and storing in the control unit of the control system;According to shunting well to receivable water The first rain millimeter of required collection sets the standard that shunting well needs to shut off in the control unit of the control system in region First rain rainfall L1.
11. a kind of water discharge control method of Time Method control, which is characterized in that the water discharge control method is based on claim The described in any item drainage systems of 1-4, the drainage system include shunting well, and the shunting well includes shunting well well body and setting Four openings in the shunting well well body, are water inlet, the first water outlet, the second water outlet and third water outlet respectively;
The drainage system further includes the first water conservancy switch, the second water conservancy switch and the 4th water conservancy switch;Wherein, close to described First water outlet is arranged the first water conservancy and switchs, for controlling the water amount for passing through the first water outlet;Go out close to described second The second water conservancy is arranged at the mouth of a river to switch, for controlling the water amount for passing through the second water outlet;Wherein, it is discharged close to the third The 4th water conservancy of setting switchs at mouthful, for controlling the water amount for passing through third water outlet;The drainage system further includes regulating and storing to set It applies, the facility of regulating and storing is connected with the second water outlet;The drainage system further includes cutting dirty pipe;First water outlet is by cutting Dirt pipe is connected with sewage treatment plant;The drainage system further includes outlet pipe;The third water outlet passes through outlet pipe and leads to The pipeline of natural water is connected;
The drainage system includes control system, the first monitoring device in the control system include the device of monitoring time and In shunting well well body or outside shunting well well body, the second monitoring device in the control system includes monitoring water body liquid level for setting Device and be arranged in facility of regulating and storing, established standards time T1 and regulate and store facility most in the control unit of the control system High reserve-water-level H3;Described method includes following steps:
1h) when fine day, water body enters shunting well from water inlet, and the first water conservancy switch is in the open state, at the second water conservancy switch In closed state, the 4th water conservancy switch is in current floe condition;
2h) when the rainy day, water body enters shunting well from water inlet, passes through the device real-time monitoring rain time T of monitoring time;Pass through The device real-time monitoring of monitoring water body liquid level is regulated and stored water body liquid level H ' in facility;
3h) as T < T1, if H ' < H3, the first water conservancy switch is in the open state, and the second water conservancy switch is in the open state, the Four water conservancies switch is in current floe condition;If H ' >=H3, the first water conservancy switch is in the open state, and the second water conservancy switch is in closing State, the 4th water conservancy switch are in current floe condition;
4h) as T >=T1, the first water conservancy switch is in close state, and the second water conservancy switch is in close state, and the 4th water conservancy is opened It closes in the open state;
The highest water storage of the facility of regulating and storing is set in the control unit of the control system according to the carrying capacity of the facility of regulating and storing Water level H3;Shunting well institute is flowed to initial rainwater whole diameter in receivable water area according to the rain time of initial rainwater and shunting well The time needed established standards time T1 in the control unit of the control system.
12. the water discharge control method of m- water level method control when a kind of, which is characterized in that the water discharge control method is based on power Benefit requires the described in any item drainage systems of 1-4, and the drainage system includes shunting well, and the shunting well includes shunting well well body It is that water inlet, the first water outlet, the second water outlet and third go out respectively with four openings being set in the shunting well well body The mouth of a river;
The drainage system further includes the first water conservancy switch, the second water conservancy switch and the 4th water conservancy switch;Wherein, close to described First water outlet is arranged the first water conservancy and switchs, for controlling the water amount for passing through the first water outlet;Go out close to described second The second water conservancy is arranged at the mouth of a river to switch, for controlling the water amount for passing through the second water outlet;Wherein, it is discharged close to the third The 4th water conservancy of setting switchs at mouthful, for controlling the water amount for passing through third water outlet;The drainage system further includes regulating and storing to set It applies, the facility of regulating and storing is connected with the second water outlet;The drainage system further includes cutting dirty pipe;First water outlet is by cutting Dirt pipe is connected with sewage treatment plant;The drainage system further includes outlet pipe;The third water outlet passes through outlet pipe and leads to The pipeline of natural water is connected;
The drainage system includes control system, the first monitoring device in the control system include the device of monitoring time and In shunting well well body or outside shunting well well body, the first monitoring device in the control system further includes monitoring water body liquid for setting Position device and be arranged in shunting well well body, the second monitoring device in the control system include monitor water body liquid level dress It sets and is arranged in facility of regulating and storing, the normal water level of established standards time T1, shunting well in the control unit of the control system The highest reserve-water-level H3 of H1, the warning line H2 of shunting well and facility of regulating and storing;Described method includes following steps:
1i) when fine day, water body enters shunting well from water inlet, and the first water conservancy switch is in the open state, at the second water conservancy switch In closed state, the 4th water conservancy switch is in current floe condition;
2i) when the rainy day, water body enters shunting well from water inlet, by the device real-time monitoring shunting well well body for monitoring water body liquid level Interior water body liquid level H passes through the device real-time monitoring rain time T of monitoring time;It is real by the device for monitoring water body liquid level When monitoring regulate and store water body liquid level H ' in facility;
3i) as T < T1 and H < H1, the first water conservancy switch is in the open state, and the second water conservancy switch is in close state, and the 4th Water conservancy switch is in current floe condition;
4i) as T < T1 and H1≤H < H2, if H ' < H3, the first water conservancy switch is in the open state, and the second water conservancy switch, which is in, to be opened State is opened, the 4th water conservancy switch is in current floe condition;If H ' >=H3, the first water conservancy switch is in the open state, and the second water conservancy is opened Pass is in close state, and the 4th water conservancy switch is in current floe condition;
5i) as T<T1 and H>=H2, if H '<H3, the first water conservancy switch is in the open state, and the second water conservancy switch is in unlatching State, the 4th water conservancy switch are in the open state;If H ' >=H3, the first water conservancy switch is in the open state, the second water conservancy switch It is in close state, the 4th water conservancy switch is in the open state;
6i) as T >=T1, the first water conservancy switch is in close state, and the second water conservancy switch is in close state, and the 4th water conservancy is opened It closes in the open state;
According to shunting well to averagely control of height of the topography point when ponding risk occurs in the control system in receivable water area The normal water level H1 of shunting well is set in unit processed;Ponding wind is being occurred to topography minimum point in receivable water area according to shunting well Height when dangerous sets the warning line H2 of shunting well in the control unit of the control system;According to the receiving of the facility of regulating and storing Ability sets the highest reserve-water-level H3 of the facility of regulating and storing in the control unit of the control system;According to the rainfall of initial rainwater Time and shunting well flow to the time required for shunting well in the control system to initial rainwater whole diameter in receivable water area Established standards time T1 in control unit.
13. the method according to any one of claim 5-12, which is characterized in that the drainage system includes online processing When facility, the method also includes following steps:
When the 4th water conservancy, which switchs the in the open state and described online processing facility, to be arranged on outlet pipe pipeline;Water body flows through Outlet pipe flows into online processing facility from the arrival end of online processing facility, after processing, from the outlet end of online processing facility Flow into outlet pipe downstream;
When the 4th water conservancy, which switchs the in the open state and described online processing facility, to be arranged on outlet pipe branch road, pass through adjusting The flow direction of the aperture adjustment water body of 7th water conservancy switch;When the 7th water conservancy switch is in the open state, part water body is flowed through out Water pipe is directly discharged to towards in the pipeline of natural water, and part water body flows through the branch routing online processing being arranged in by outlet pipe The arrival end of facility enters online processing facility, after processing, flows into outlet pipe downstream from the outlet end of online processing facility Or it is directly discharged to the pipeline towards natural water;When the 7th water conservancy switch is in current floe condition, whole water bodys flow through setting The arrival end of branch routing online processing facility by outlet pipe enters online processing facility, after processing, sets from online processing The outlet end applied flows into outlet pipe downstream or is directly discharged to the pipeline towards natural water.
CN201710915810.3A 2017-09-30 2017-09-30 A kind of drainage system and water discharge control method with facility of regulating and storing Active CN107653958B (en)

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CN111364580A (en) * 2018-12-25 2020-07-03 武汉圣禹排水系统有限公司 Method for modifying sewage disposal and distribution system based on existing pipe network
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