CN205812988U - Fructus Fragariae Ananssae double film double spray culture apparatus - Google Patents

Fructus Fragariae Ananssae double film double spray culture apparatus Download PDF

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Publication number
CN205812988U
CN205812988U CN201620666832.1U CN201620666832U CN205812988U CN 205812988 U CN205812988 U CN 205812988U CN 201620666832 U CN201620666832 U CN 201620666832U CN 205812988 U CN205812988 U CN 205812988U
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China
Prior art keywords
drip irrigation
planting
line
pipe
spray
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Expired - Fee Related
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CN201620666832.1U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
张钟
刘树林
张军云
王文智
滕玉芬
朱品芬
董广
段永华
陈桂芬
李晓亮
杨世先
张建康
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Yuxi Academy of Agricultural Sciences
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Yuxi Academy of Agricultural Sciences
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Priority to CN201620666832.1U priority Critical patent/CN205812988U/en
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/10Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in agriculture
    • Y02A40/25Greenhouse technology, e.g. cooling systems therefor

Abstract

This utility model belongs to cultivated strawberry field, is specifically related to Fructus Fragariae Ananssae double film double spray culture apparatus.Fructus Fragariae Ananssae double film double spray culture apparatus, it is characterised in that include black mulch film (1), Small plastic shed (2) and auto spraying water saving drip irrigation system (3).This utility model simple in construction, cost are low, cooling in summer, frost protection in winter, A.T.C and soil moisture, saving water resource.

Description

Fructus Fragariae Ananssae double film double spray culture apparatus
Technical field
This utility model belongs to cultivated strawberry field, is specifically related to Fructus Fragariae Ananssae double film double spray culture apparatus.
Background technology
Fructus Fragariae Ananssae belongs to Rosaceae, its berry rich in nutritive value, have the title of " fruit queen ", is deeply liked by everybody, city Field demand is the biggest.Tradition strawberry cultivating be all directly by strawberry cultivating on the soil of ground ridging.Fructus Fragariae Ananssae is affected by ground vapour, Being vulnerable to the invasion and attack of pest and disease damage, inevitably apply pesticide, cause Fructus Fragariae Ananssae pesticide concentration significantly to exceed standard, harmful to human is good for Health;In order to suppress the growth of weeds and improve the temperature of plant root, typically set black mulch film on kind of a planting-line upper berth.But Fructus Fragariae Ananssae property Happiness is nice and cool, non-refractory arid, Central Yunnan area, and summer temperature is high and has frost winter, the winter-spring season in April November to next year Joint is dry season, and precipitation is few.Therefore strawberry cultivating to take suitable cooling measure summer;And winter is the fast-growth of Fructus Fragariae Ananssae Phase, need to take suitable Insulation frost protection, using water wisely watering when.
Chinese patent notification number: CN202551787U discloses a kind of strawberry greenhouse, including some pillars and some Crossbeam, each row's pillar supports a crossbeam, it is characterised in that set the arc strut that haves three layers, every layer of arc support between adjacent beams Being designed with thin film above bar, be provided with sparge pipe below outer layer strut and middle level strut, sparge pipe trend is parallel with crossbeam;Horizontal Beam is provided with rhone with internal layer strut, middle level strut and outer layer strut junction;Described thin film and the connected mode of strut are non- Set connects.The utility model has the advantage of: summer, lowering the temperature by spraying cold water, winter is had by the number of plies adjusting thin film Effect insulation, thus the growth for Fructus Fragariae Ananssae provides favourable condition.
Chinese patent notification number: CN205213587U discloses a kind of special planting shed of Fructus Fragariae Ananssae, including canopy body, cistern, Suction pump, water-supply-pipe, aqueduct and control chamber, be provided with dividing plate in described cistern, and cistern is divided into water reserve and tune Joining district, the water inlet pipe of described suction pump connects with the allotment district of cistern, and the outlet of suction pump connects a tee T, threeway Two legs of pipe connect with water-supply-pipe and aqueduct, and on water-supply-pipe and aqueduct, the position near tee T is provided with control valve, Connecting on water-supply-pipe and have a point bucket, the top cover of point bucket is provided with pore, the bottom of point bucket is provided with drip irrigation pipe, aqueduct On be provided with fog-spray nozzle, in described canopy body, end face is provided with illuminator, is additionally provided with Temperature Humidity Sensor in canopy body.This practicality Novel operating is simple, controls pump working by control chamber and irrigates, reduces the amount of labour, fill air and soil respectively Irrigate, can be cost-effective, and reduce pollution, it is achieved Organic food.
But they are disadvantageous in that: one, cost is high.Two, can not realize temperature too high time automatically lower the temperature.Three, And Fructus Fragariae Ananssae is when watering, it is impossible to control irrigation amount, water has watered waste water resource many;Water waters when having lacked, and easily affects the normal of Fructus Fragariae Ananssae Growth.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of this utility model is to provide that a kind of simple in construction, cost be low, cooling in summer, frost protection in winter, Fructus Fragariae Ananssae double film double spray culture apparatus of A.T.C and soil moisture, saving water resource, effectively solves cultivated strawberry Shi Xiatian cooling, frost protection in winter and water-saving problem.
The purpose of this utility model is achieved through the following technical solutions:
Fructus Fragariae Ananssae double film double spray culture apparatus, including black mulch film, Small plastic shed and auto spraying water saving drip irrigation system;
Planting planting-line width 1.1-1.3 rice, high 0.2-0.25 rice, black film mulching is on kind of planting-line, and black mulch film presses 20 lis Rice × the specification of 20 centimetres outputs implantation hole, implantation hole diameter 4-5 centimetre;
Small plastic shed includes frame and covering, is provided with several frames along planting planting-line length direction, and frame is arch-shaped, high Degree 1-1.2 rice, span 1.2-1.4 rice, at a distance of 1.5-2.0 rice between two frames, frame is coated with covering;
Auto spraying water saving drip irrigation system is by pond, filter, water pump, pipeline, temperature sensor, soil moisture sensor Form with controller;Pipeline is made up of house steward, injection spray pipe and drip irrigation pipe, and house steward is provided with filter and water pump, house steward one end with Pond connects, and house steward's other end is connected with injection spray pipe and drip irrigation pipe by threeway, and injection spray pipe is provided with spray solenoid valve, drip irrigation pipe Being provided with Irrigation Electromagnetic Valve, injection spray pipe is located at below frame top and is fixed on frame, and injection spray pipe is provided with fog-spray nozzle, two sprays At a distance of 3-4 rice between mist head;Drip irrigation pipe is connected with four drip irrigation arms, and drip irrigation arm is placed on black mulch film, and drip irrigation arm sets Having water dropper, water dropper correspondence implantation hole is arranged;
Temperature sensor is placed on the height of distance kind planting-line 10-12 centimetre in the middle part of Small plastic shed, and soil moisture sensor is placed on Planting in the soil of planting-line, temperature sensor is connected with controller by holding wire with soil moisture sensor, and controller is by control Line processed is connected with water pump, spray solenoid valve, Irrigation Electromagnetic Valve.
Described covering is shading screen or awning film.
Described controller is DCS main frame.
Described holding wire and control line are shielding line.
During work, summer, frame was provided with shading screen, and when the temperature in Small plastic shed is higher than certain value, temperature sensor is led to Crossing holding wire and signal is passed to controller, controller runs water pump by control line and opens spray solenoid valve, and auto spraying saves Water droplet fill system is lowered the temperature to Small plastic shed internal spraying, and when the temperature in Small plastic shed is less than certain value, holding wire is passed through in temperature sensor Signal is passed to controller, and controller stops water pump operation by control line and cuts out spray solenoid valve, it is ensured that in Small plastic shed Temperature is maintained within a certain range.Winter, frame was provided with awning film, it is ensured that Fructus Fragariae Ananssae is not by frost.
When the soil moisture of kind of planting-line is less than certain value, signal is passed to control by holding wire by soil moisture sensor Device, controller runs water pump by control line and opens Irrigation Electromagnetic Valve, auto spraying water saving drip irrigation system kind planting-line drip irrigation, when Signal is passed to controller, controller higher than soil moisture sensor during certain value by holding wire by the soil moisture in kind of planting-line Stop water pump operation by control line and close Irrigation Electromagnetic Valve, it is ensured that the soil moisture planting planting-line is maintained within a certain range, Make Fructus Fragariae Ananssae growth smoothly.
Beneficial effect
1. this utility model simple in construction, easily, easy to make, cost is low in material requested source.
2. this utility model uses black film mulching kind planting-line, has and heats, water conservation, fertilizer conservation, improves soil physical chemistry Matter, increases soil fertility, and suppresses weed growth, alleviates the effect of disease.
3. this utility model uses Small plastic shed coverage shading net or awning film, and when making cultivated strawberry, summer can use shading screen Cooling, winter can use awning film frost protection.
4. this utility model auto spraying water saving drip irrigation system uses temperature sensor and soil moisture sensor, control Device, water pump, spray solenoid valve and Irrigation Electromagnetic Valve combination automatically control temperature and the soil moisture of kind planting-line, reality in Small plastic shed Environment in Small plastic shed is suitable for Fructus Fragariae Ananssae and grows and saved water resource.
5. this utility model uses black mulch film, Small plastic shed and auto spraying water saving drip irrigation system to combine, summer, by hiding Shady net and injection spray pipe mist cooling, winter inhales temperature by awning film frost protection and with black mulch film, thus the growth for Fructus Fragariae Ananssae carries Supply favourable condition.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is that this utility model is without perspective view during covering.
Fig. 2 is line schematic diagram of the present utility model.
1-black mulch film, 2-Small plastic shed, 3-auto spraying water saving drip irrigation system, 4-implantation hole, 5-frame, 6-covering, 7-pond, 8-filter, 9-water pump, 10-pipeline, 11-temperature sensor, 12-soil moisture sensor, 13-controller, 14- House steward, 15-injection spray pipe, 16-drip irrigation pipe, 17-spray solenoid valve, 18-Irrigation Electromagnetic Valve, 19-drip irrigation arm.
Detailed description of the invention
Embodiment 1
As shown in Figure 1 and Figure 2, Fructus Fragariae Ananssae double film double spray culture apparatus, saves including black mulch film 1, Small plastic shed 2 and auto spraying Water droplet fill system 3;
Planting planting-line wide 1.1 meters, high 0.2 meter, black mulch film 1 covers on kind of planting-line, and black mulch film 1 is by 20 cm x 20 lis The specification of rice outputs implantation hole 4, implantation hole 4 diameter 4 centimetres;
Small plastic shed 2 includes frame 5 and covering 6, is provided with several frames 5 along planting planting-line length direction, and frame 5 is arch circle Shape, highly 1 meter, span 1.2 meters, at a distance of 1.5 meters between two frames 5, frame 5 is coated with covering 6, covering 6 is for shading Net;
Auto spraying water saving drip irrigation system 3 is by pond 7, filter 8, water pump 9, pipeline 10, temperature sensor 11, the soil water Sub sensor 12 and controller 13 form;Pipeline 10 is made up of house steward 14, injection spray pipe 15 and drip irrigation pipe 16, and house steward 14 was provided with Filter 8 and water pump 9, house steward 14 one end is connected with pond 7, and house steward 14 other end is connected with injection spray pipe 15 and drip irrigation pipe 16 by threeway Connecing, injection spray pipe 15 is provided with spray solenoid valve 17, and drip irrigation pipe 16 is provided with Irrigation Electromagnetic Valve 18, and injection spray pipe 15 is located at frame 5 and pushes up Lower section is also fixed on frame 5, and injection spray pipe 15 is provided with fog-spray nozzle, at a distance of 3 meters between two fog-spray nozzles;Drip irrigation pipe 16 and four are dripped Filling arm 19 to connect, drip irrigation arm 19 is placed on black mulch film 1, and drip irrigation arm 19 is provided with water dropper, and water dropper correspondence implantation hole 4 sets Put;
Temperature sensor 11 is placed on the height of distance kind planting-line 10-12 centimetre, soil moisture sensor 12 in the middle part of Small plastic shed 2 Being placed in the soil of kind of planting-line, temperature sensor 11 is connected with controller 13 by holding wire with soil moisture sensor 12, control Device 13 processed is connected with water pump 9, spray solenoid valve 17, Irrigation Electromagnetic Valve 18 by control line.
Described controller 13 is DCS main frame.
Described holding wire and control line are shielding line.
During work, summer, frame 5 was provided with shading screen, the temperature sensor when the temperature in Small plastic shed 2 is higher than certain value Signal is passed to controller 13 by holding wire by 11, and controller 13 runs water pump 9 by control line and opens spray solenoid valve 17, Auto spraying water saving drip irrigation system 3 is lowered the temperature to Small plastic shed 2 internal spraying, and when the temperature in Small plastic shed 2 is less than certain value, temperature passes Signal is passed to controller 13 by holding wire by sensor 11, and controller 13 stops water pump 9 by control line and runs and cut out spraying Electromagnetic valve 17, it is ensured that the temperature in Small plastic shed 2 is maintained within a certain range.
When the soil moisture of kind of planting-line is less than certain value, signal is passed to control by holding wire by soil moisture sensor 12 Device 13 processed, controller 13 runs water pump 9 by control line and opens Irrigation Electromagnetic Valve 18, auto spraying water saving drip irrigation system 3 kinds Planting-line drip irrigation, when the soil moisture in kind of planting-line is higher than certain value, signal is passed to by soil moisture sensor 12 by holding wire Controller 13, controller 13 stops water pump 9 by control line and runs and cut out Irrigation Electromagnetic Valve 18, it is ensured that plant the soil water of planting-line Divide and be maintained within a certain range, make Fructus Fragariae Ananssae growth smoothly.
Embodiment 2
Fructus Fragariae Ananssae double film double spray culture apparatus, including black mulch film, Small plastic shed and auto spraying water saving drip irrigation system;
Planting planting-line wide 1.3 meters, high 0.25 meter, black film mulching is on kind of planting-line, and black mulch film presses 20 cm x 20 lis The specification of rice outputs implantation hole, implantation hole diameter 5 centimetres;
Small plastic shed includes frame and covering, is provided with several frames along planting planting-line length direction, and frame is arch-shaped, high Degree 1-1.2 rice, span 1.4 meters, at a distance of 2.0 meters between two frames, frame is coated with covering, covering is awning film;
Auto spraying water saving drip irrigation system is by pond, filter, water pump, pipeline, temperature sensor, soil moisture sensor Form with controller;Pipeline is made up of house steward, injection spray pipe and drip irrigation pipe, and house steward is provided with filter and water pump, house steward one end with Pond connects, and house steward's other end is connected with injection spray pipe and drip irrigation pipe by threeway, and injection spray pipe is provided with spray solenoid valve, drip irrigation pipe Being provided with Irrigation Electromagnetic Valve, injection spray pipe is located at below frame top and is fixed on frame, and injection spray pipe is provided with fog-spray nozzle, two sprays At a distance of 4 meters between mist head;Drip irrigation pipe is connected with four drip irrigation arms, and drip irrigation arm is placed on black mulch film, and drip irrigation arm is provided with Water dropper, water dropper correspondence implantation hole is arranged;
Temperature sensor is placed on the height of distance kind planting-line 10-12 centimetre in the middle part of Small plastic shed, and soil moisture sensor is placed on Planting in the soil of planting-line, temperature sensor is connected with controller by holding wire with soil moisture sensor, and controller is by control Line processed is connected with water pump, spray solenoid valve, Irrigation Electromagnetic Valve.
Described controller is DCS main frame.
Described holding wire and control line are shielding line.
During work, winter, frame was provided with awning film, it is ensured that Fructus Fragariae Ananssae is not by frost.When the soil moisture of kind of planting-line is less than one During definite value, signal is passed to controller by holding wire by soil moisture sensor, and controller runs water pump by control line and opens Irrigation Electromagnetic Valve, auto spraying water saving drip irrigation system kind planting-line drip irrigation, the soil when the soil moisture in kind of planting-line is higher than certain value Signal is passed to controller by holding wire by earth moisture transducer, and controller stops water pump operation by control line and cuts out drip irrigation Electromagnetic valve, it is ensured that the soil moisture planting planting-line is maintained within a certain range, makes Fructus Fragariae Ananssae growth smoothly.

Claims (3)

1. the double film of Fructus Fragariae Ananssae double spray culture apparatus, it is characterised in that include black mulch film (1), Small plastic shed (2) and auto spraying water saving Drip irrigation system (3);
Planting planting-line width 1.1-1.3 rice, high 0.2-0.25 rice, black mulch film (1) covers on kind of planting-line, and black mulch film (1) presses 20 The specification that cm x is 20 centimetres outputs implantation hole (4), implantation hole (4) diameter 4-5 centimetre;
Small plastic shed (2) includes frame (5) and covering (6), is provided with several frames (5), frame (5) along planting planting-line length direction For arch-shaped, highly 1-1.2 rice, span 1.2-1.4 rice, at a distance of 1.5-2.0 rice between two frames (5), frame is coated with on (5) Covering (6), covering (6) is shading screen or awning film;
Auto spraying water saving drip irrigation system (3) is by pond (7), filter (8), water pump (9), pipeline (10), temperature sensor (11), soil moisture sensor (12) and controller (13) composition;Pipeline (10) is by house steward (14), injection spray pipe (15) and drip irrigation pipe (16) composition, house steward (14) is provided with filter (8) and water pump (9), and house steward (14) one end is connected with pond (7), house steward (14) The other end is connected with injection spray pipe (15) and drip irrigation pipe (16) by threeway, and injection spray pipe (15) is provided with spray solenoid valve (17), drips Filling pipe (16) and be provided with Irrigation Electromagnetic Valve (18), injection spray pipe (15) is located at below frame (5) top and is fixed on frame (5), spray Mist pipe (15) is provided with fog-spray nozzle, at a distance of 5-6 rice between two fog-spray nozzles;Drip irrigation pipe (16) is connected with four drip irrigation arms (19), Drip irrigation arm (19) is placed on black mulch film (1), and drip irrigation arm (19) is provided with water dropper, and water dropper correspondence implantation hole (4) is arranged;
Temperature sensor (11) is placed on the height of Small plastic shed (2) middle part distance kind planting-line 10-12 centimetre, soil moisture sensor (12) being placed in the soil of kind of planting-line, temperature sensor (11) and soil moisture sensor (12) are by holding wire and controller (13) being connected, controller (13) is connected with water pump (9), spray solenoid valve (17), Irrigation Electromagnetic Valve (18) by control line.
Fructus Fragariae Ananssae the most according to claim 1 double film double spray culture apparatus, it is characterised in that described controller (13) is DCS Main frame.
Fructus Fragariae Ananssae the most according to claim 1 and 2 double film double spray culture apparatus, it is characterised in that described holding wire and control Line is shielding line.
CN201620666832.1U 2016-06-30 2016-06-30 Fructus Fragariae Ananssae double film double spray culture apparatus Expired - Fee Related CN205812988U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

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CN201620666832.1U CN205812988U (en) 2016-06-30 2016-06-30 Fructus Fragariae Ananssae double film double spray culture apparatus

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201620666832.1U CN205812988U (en) 2016-06-30 2016-06-30 Fructus Fragariae Ananssae double film double spray culture apparatus

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110663391A (en) * 2019-09-11 2020-01-10 山东海岱园林集团有限公司 Circulation water-saving landscape modeling cultivation device
CN114431117A (en) * 2022-03-07 2022-05-06 吉林省农业科学院 Under-mulch drip irrigation fertilization method and device for millet planting

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110663391A (en) * 2019-09-11 2020-01-10 山东海岱园林集团有限公司 Circulation water-saving landscape modeling cultivation device
CN114431117A (en) * 2022-03-07 2022-05-06 吉林省农业科学院 Under-mulch drip irrigation fertilization method and device for millet planting

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CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee
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Granted publication date: 20161221

Termination date: 20210630