CN104429864B - In the method for roof cultivation crop - Google Patents

In the method for roof cultivation crop Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104429864B
CN104429864B CN201410788166.4A CN201410788166A CN104429864B CN 104429864 B CN104429864 B CN 104429864B CN 201410788166 A CN201410788166 A CN 201410788166A CN 104429864 B CN104429864 B CN 104429864B
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China
Prior art keywords
water
lightweight
cultivating pool
tank
water level
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CN201410788166.4A
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CN104429864A (en
Inventor
李宏告
彭选明
张乐平
庞爱军
吴睿
张跃龙
李丽辉
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HUNAN NUCLEAR AGRONOMY AND SPACE BREEDING RESEARCH INSTITUTE
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HUNAN NUCLEAR AGRONOMY AND SPACE BREEDING RESEARCH INSTITUTE
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Publication of CN104429864A publication Critical patent/CN104429864A/en
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G31/00Soilless cultivation, e.g. hydroponics
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G24/00Growth substrates; Culture media; Apparatus or methods therefor
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G31/00Soilless cultivation, e.g. hydroponics
    • A01G31/02Special apparatus therefor
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05GMIXTURES OF FERTILISERS COVERED INDIVIDUALLY BY DIFFERENT SUBCLASSES OF CLASS C05; MIXTURES OF ONE OR MORE FERTILISERS WITH MATERIALS NOT HAVING A SPECIFIC FERTILISING ACTIVITY, e.g. PESTICIDES, SOIL-CONDITIONERS, WETTING AGENTS; FERTILISERS CHARACTERISED BY THEIR FORM
    • C05G5/00Fertilisers characterised by their form
    • C05G5/40Fertilisers incorporated into a matrix

Abstract

A kind of method in roof cultivation crop of the present invention, comprises the following steps:Make a lightweight storing water cultivating pool;Including built-in or in troughstand cultivating pool skeleton and the flexible waterproof material layer for being coated on cultivating pool skeleton periphery, lightweight cultivation matrix is prepared, including inorganic carrying is expected and organic nutritive medium;Water level regulation controller is installed at the water inlet pipe of lightweight storing water cultivating pool, and by water level regulation controller by water lev el control in cultivating pool in required height;The lightweight cultivation matrix of preparation is coated with cultivating pool;By in crop implantation lightweight cultivation matrix to be cultivated.The method of the present invention have the advantages that the utilization of resources fully, save water and energy, simple installation, low cost, roof can be made full use of, ensure that roof structure is safe.

Description

In the method for roof cultivation crop
Technical field
The invention belongs to the cultural method of crop, more particularly to a kind of method in roof cultivation crop.
Background technology
China has sufficient warm light resources with abundant Roof Resources, roof, is air-dried circulation also soon, using room Top raise crop, can not only be effectively isolated disease pest and weed, and be readily available the agricultural product of high yield high-quality, be efficient farming Thing cultivates preferred place.But as the correlation technique that arviculture is engaged in using roof is lacked, people are being carried out using roof During arviculture, dead crops, cultivation high cost, hygienic conditions can be caused to break because watering, fertilizing mistake, miscarriage Bad, roofing safety is affected, and causes roof using failure, or even causes social dislike.
People begin to focus on the utilization on roof very early, and the apolegamy of making, cultivation matrix from cultivating pool, suitable cultivation are planted The aspects such as thing are studied.The Chinese patent literature of Application No. CN201320417527 discloses a kind of doing for culture apparatus Method, constitutes set of device with a up-small and down-big cultivation case, water tank and water pump etc., there is cultivating pool and makes difficult, confession Water not precisely, coarse making material, high cost, continue water source, weight is larger easily causes the defects such as security breach.Application Number a kind of roof water-cultured lawn greening method and cultivation system are disclosed for the Chinese patent literature of CN200410089091, in room Top patch malthoid, then lid thin film places turf thereon, determines water with relay and realizes pouring for water law;This pouring significant wastage Water resource, and not antiseep, fertilising process can also affect environment and loss fertilizer.The China of Application No. CN201310709278 Patent documentation then discloses a kind of manufacture method of vegetable soilless culture substrate, and which to the effect that utilizes coconut shell flour, ethanol natural pond Slag and straw stalk powder fermentation material and a small amount of adjuvant as matrix formulations, it is important that fermentation processing method;This cultivation matrix obtains difficult Degree is big, and high cost, breathability be not strong, and use time is not lasting.
All there is certain defect in above prior art, and roof arable farming now also has the skill of three below protrusion Art problem:First is no specific aim irrigation technology, and present pouring mode is mainly manual watering (to be included using delay timing Supply water) and drip irrigation, this may result in roof seepage, and moisture needed for plant growing is also difficult to be guaranteed;Second is a lack of room The solution technology of the antiseep on top and anti-puncture;3rd is no special lightweight Substrates with Low Cost and cultivating pool, makes roof The safety of load lacks guarantee;4th is not make full use of roof itself without Pest organism introduces a collection and can isolate Cordycepses introduces a collection Resources advantage, it is impossible to which the real using value on roof is given full play to;Due to the presence of these technical problems so that roof greening Function be restricted, it is impossible to make roof cultivation crop realize safety and high yield.
The content of the invention
The technical problem to be solved be overcome the shortcomings of background above technology in mention and defect, there is provided one Kind of the utilization of resources fully, save water and energy, simple installation, low cost, can make full use of roof, ensure roof structure safety in room The method of top raise crop.
To solve above-mentioned technical problem, technical scheme proposed by the present invention is a kind of method in roof cultivation crop, bag Include following steps:
(1) a lightweight storing water cultivating pool is made on roof;The cultivating pool is made using light material, including built-in or Cultivating pool skeleton in troughstand and the flexible waterproof material layer for being coated on cultivating pool skeleton periphery, on the cultivating pool skeleton Offer the permeable hole for being communicated to flexible waterproof material layer inner surface;
(2) lightweight cultivation matrix is prepared, the lightweight cultivation matrix includes the inorganic carrying material and 30 of 30~70 parts by volume The organic nutritive medium of~60 parts by volume, and the inorganic summation of material and organic nutritive medium that carries is less than 100 parts by volume;
(3) water level regulation controller is installed at the water inlet pipe of described lightweight storing water cultivating pool, and by water level tune Section controller is by water lev el control in the lightweight storing water cultivating pool in required height;Preferably, the water level regulation controller It is the current of the water lev el control resource of water supply according to lightweight storing water cultivating pool;When water level reaches desired height, control cut-out Valve, stops water inlet;When water level decreasing to control height below when, control Open valve, water enter lightweight storing water cultivating pool Raise water level, can thus make the water level in lightweight storing water cultivating pool keep stable;Water in lightweight storing water cultivating pool Contacted with lightweight cultivation matrix by aquaporin or permeable hole etc. again, realize automatic-watering;
(4) the lightweight cultivation matrix of preparation is coated with the lightweight storing water cultivating pool;
(5) crop to be cultivated is implanted in the lightweight cultivation matrix.
In above-mentioned method, it is preferred that the cultivating pool skeleton is arranged in a combination by multiple foam plastic reservoirs, described Flexible waterproof material layer adopts PVC tarpaulins (or PVC coating cloth), the PVC tarpaulins to be wrapped in the bottom surface of cultivating pool skeleton periphery A water conservation layer is formed with surrounding side;A screening is also set up outside the cultivating pool skeleton and cultivating pool or/and flexible waterproof material layer Light protection layer (this layer freely can be changed), the shading protective layer adopt PVC tarpaulins, and are wrapped in cultivating pool skeleton or/and soft Property waterproof layer periphery exposed lateral side.The present invention by one shading protective layer of cultivating pool skeleton and cultivating pool outer wrapping, The degradation speed of cultivating pool skeleton of the present invention and cultivating pool water conservation layer can be greatly reduced, significantly extends lightweight storing water cultivating pool Service life, reduce use cost, improve product quality.
In above-mentioned method, it is preferred that at least partly the bottom surrounding edge of described foam plastic reservoir is chamfered and eliminates To form a chamfering, at the chamfering, aquaporin was formed;And the chamfering of the seam bottom of two foam plastic reservoirs for mutually leaning on side by side Form a triangle and cross aquaporin;The permeable hole is connected with aforementioned aquaporin of crossing.At least partly described foam can also be made A bottom part for plastic box constituted aquaporin in raising up, and the permeable hole is opened in the bottom of the foam plastic reservoir Portion.Such structure allow the water to by cross aquaporin flowing transmission, contact with cultivation matrix by permeable hole, water penetration with breathe freely Property is more preferable.
In above-mentioned method, the water inlet water source of lightweight storing water cultivating pool can be connect from running water pipe, but it is preferable that described The water source of the water inlet pipe of lightweight storing water cultivating pool is communicated to a water system, the water system include tank, running water pipe, Tank water level controller, water pump and water level sensor;Water pump is evacuated to water in tank by vertical water pipe;Vertical water pipe Outlet is additionally provided with a water level sensor located at the top of tank at the top of tank, water level sensor is according to water in tank The connecting and disconnecting of the circuit of position control water pump;The outlet of running water pipe is communicated to the middle part of tank, and the water outlet of running water pipe Tank water level controller is installed;The bottom of tank is higher than the lightweight storing water cultivating pool;The bottom of tank has Water pipe accesses the lightweight storing water cultivating pool and becomes its water inlet pipe.
In above-mentioned method, it is preferred that the water source of the water inlet pipe of the lightweight storing water cultivating pool is communicated to a roof Precipitation recovery system, described precipitation recovery system include pitched roof, precipitation collector groove, filter coil pipe, clear water reserviors and sedimentation tank, The water inlet pipe is alternative to be connected the clear water reserviors and spill troughstand or sedimentation tank is connected with spill troughstand.More preferably , the import of outlet one downcomer of connection for filtering coil pipe is filtered four wall of coil pipe and is provided with filtering holes, filters and be stamped on coil pipe One netted lid, netted lid are formed around the fence for stopping bulky grain rubbish;Filter coil pipe and netted lid is disposed as freely taking The type of attachment for going out;The outlet for filtering coil pipe is communicated to described clear water reserviors, sedimentation tank by downcomer.
In above-mentioned method, it is furthermore preferred that the water pump can be set directly in the clear water reserviors of the precipitation recovery system, And the water in clear water reserviors is evacuated in tank by vertical water pipe.A water level sensor is additionally provided with the clear water reserviors, it is described The break-make of water pump is controlled by two water level sensor series connection in this clear water reserviors and tank, when two water level sensors are connect simultaneously During circuit passband, water pump is opened;When the water level sensor in clear water reserviors is arranged to connect when water level therein reaches certain altitude Circuit;Water level sensor in tank is arranged to disconnecting circuit is then closed when wherein water level reaches tank peak level.
In above-mentioned method, it is preferred that the inorganic material that carries is for perlite and/or Vermiculitum;The organic nutritive medium Wine bran, wood flour, straw, corn cob, turf or other agricultural production leftover bits and pieces can be selected organic according to the situation that locality produces Thing, but preferably mushroom bran and/or fertilizer.When lightweight cultivation matrix is used for higher yield of crops cultivates, it is furthermore preferred that described light Matter cultivation matrix includes that inorganic carrying material that volume fraction is 30%~40%, 40%~60% mushroom bran, 8%~20% have Machine fertilizer and the mixed fertilizer below 1%.
In above-mentioned method, it is preferred that the water level regulation controller is ball-cock assembly liquid level controller or electronic water level sense Answer device.During using ball-cock assembly liquid level controller, ball-cock assembly is mountable on the side wall of a plastic box, the water inlet of ball-cock assembly The water inlet pipe mouth of pipe is connected to, and the height of plastic box is controlled to adjust controlling water level;The ball-cock assembly liquid level controller of other structures also may be used Suitable for the present invention, mounting means is operated on request.Included with electronics water level sensor controlling water level mode:There is electric contact Induction apparatuss feel controlling water level method and ball-cock assembly sensing electronics on-off control method, and both water level controllers can realize water level control System, installs on request and operates.
Compared with prior art, it is an advantage of the current invention that:
1st, the present invention takes full advantage of the vacant resource in existing roof so that roof gets the efficient use, and can be resident Green plantss or arable farming are provided and convenience is created in cultivation.
2nd, the water supply of the lightweight storing water cultivating pool in the present invention is capable of achieving to automatically control and water saving irrigating, and people is greatly decreased Work is paid wages and pours loss, it is ensured that realize significantly economizing on water while high yield;Additionally, due to lightweight storing water cultivating pool of the present invention Barrier properties and the accuracy for supplying water, while significantly economizing on water, also ensure that environmental health, as cultivating pool bottom has one normal Water conservation layer can effectively prevent the root system of most of crop from growing downwards, and paulin also can prevent penetrating for various root systems, science completely Efficiently prevent root puncture from damaging roof.
3rd, the lightweight storing water cultivating pool that the present invention is adopted is not only easy to make, is also convenient for the dismounting transported, and quality Extremely light, per square metre of weight can be greatly reduced roof and increase lotus and save cost of transportation in 2kg or so.
4th, increase the shading protective layer that freely can be changed outside the lightweight storing water cultivating pool that the present invention is adopted, it is positive due to which The infringement that light irradiation is produced is almost fully blocking, and is convenient for changing when protective layer is damaged, thus significantly extends lightweight The service life of storing water cultivating pool, while the degraded of lightweight storing water cultivating pool skeleton is also reduced, in improve product quality Also save use cost simultaneously.
5th, the present invention not use only lightweight storing water cultivating pool, and use lightweight cultivation matrix, and this causes room Top greening increases lotus amount and is less than 200kg/ square metre, and while roof cultivation crop is met, the building safety on roof is also obtained Ensure.In addition, the lightweight storing water cultivating pool of the present invention is in addition to lightweight subtracts the advantage for increasing lotus, also with easy installation and removal, Cost-effective the advantages of;And lightweight cultivation matrix saves amount transport cost while increasing lotus is greatly reduced, also, energy is reduced Consumption.
6th, it is Lightness due to the accuracy that supplies water in the present invention and cultivation matrix and cultivating pool, it is roof cultivation crop High yield provides the foundation so that roof possesses the condition in high yield vegetable garden.
7th, precipitation and Yu Shui have also fully been recycled in preferred embodiments of the present invention, the same of water resource have been saved a large amount of When, using automatic water-supply, the method for automatic fertilizer, it is ensured that convenient and simple, inexpensive, the easy high yield of roof arable farming;Make On roof, layman also can realize that high crop yield is cultivated, make the present invention have popularity.
8th, the present invention provides reference for following ecology roof layouts, provides an energy saving way for low-carbon (LC) building;For Industrialized agriculture, bare place are agriculture, safety is agriculture, water-saving agriculture, urban agriculture, Efficient Eco-agriculture, new organic agriculture provide A kind of pattern.
Description of the drawings
In order to be illustrated more clearly that the embodiment of the present invention or technical scheme of the prior art, below will be to embodiment or existing Accompanying drawing to be used needed for having technology description is briefly described, it should be apparent that, drawings in the following description are the present invention Some embodiments, for those of ordinary skill in the art, on the premise of not paying creative work, can be with basis These accompanying drawings obtain other accompanying drawings.
Fig. 1 is the Space Layout Structure schematic diagram in the specific embodiment of the invention 1 in roof cultivation crop.
Fig. 2 is the Space Layout Structure schematic diagram in the specific embodiment of the invention 2 in roof cultivation crop.
Fig. 3 is the structural representation of cultivating pool in the specific embodiment of the invention 2.
Marginal data
1st, cultivating pool;2nd, water inlet pipe;3rd, pitched roof;4th, precipitation collector groove;5th, filter coil pipe;6th, clear water reserviors;7th, sedimentation tank; 8th, water level regulation controller;9th, water pump;10th, water level sensor;11st, cultivating pool skeleton;12nd, flexible waterproof material layer;13rd, it is permeable Hole;14th, chamfering;15th, shading protective layer;16th, cross aquaporin;17th, foam plastic reservoir;18th, tank;19th, running water pipe;20、 Tank water level controller.
Specific embodiment
For the ease of understanding the present invention, more complete is made to the present invention below in conjunction with Figure of description and preferred embodiment Face, meticulously describe, but protection scope of the present invention is not limited to embodiment in detail below.
It should be strongly noted that when a certain element, to be described as " be fixed on, be fixed in, be connected to or be communicated in " another When on element, it can be directly fixed, affixed, connection or connect on another element, or by connecting in the middle of other Fitting is indirectly fixed, affixed, connection or connection are on another element.
Unless otherwise defined, the implication that all technical terms used hereinafter are generally understood that with those skilled in the art It is identical.Technical term used herein is intended merely to the purpose for describing specific embodiment, is not intended to limit the present invention Protection domain.
Unless otherwise specified, the various raw materials used in the present invention, reagent, instrument and equipment etc. can pass through city Field is commercially available or can be prepared by existing method.
Embodiment 1:
A kind of method in roof cultivation crop of the present invention as shown in Figure 1, comprises the following steps:
(1) a lightweight storing water cultivating pool 1 as shown in Figure 1 is made on roof;Cultivating pool 1 is made using light material, Prevent including the cultivating pool skeleton 11 being arranged in troughstand and the flexibility for being coated on 11 peripheral bottom surface of cultivating pool skeleton and four sides Water material layer 12.In the present embodiment, cultivating pool skeleton 11 is arranged in a combination (foam plastic reservoir by multiple foam plastic reservoirs 17 A height of 32 centimetres, a length of 60 centimetres, a width of 44.5 centimetres), flexible waterproof material layer 12 adopt PVC tarpaulins, the PVC tarpaulins Generally 1.5 meters~2 meters of fabric width, PVC tarpaulins parcel foam plastic reservoir 17 form a spill pond, open on foam plastic reservoir 17 It is communicated with to the permeable hole 13 (1.5 cm of diameter) of 12 inner surface of flexible waterproof material layer.As shown in figure 1, at least portion A bottom part for the foam plastic reservoir 17 for dividing constituted aquaporin in raising up, and permeable hole 13 is opened in the foam plasticss The bottom of case 17.
In concrete practice, the lightweight storing water cultivating pool of the present embodiment can also can use PVC using other manufacture methods Tarpaulin directly encases foam plastic reservoir, and is fixed on foam plastic reservoir with bundle of lines PVC paulins;Can be with PVC paulin surroundings 15 centimetres of foldings are holded up, after the complications of corner suture a storing water cultivating pool, foam plastic reservoir is placed in storing water cultivating pool i.e. Can;Also foam plastic reservoir can be replaced with plastic plate to make the skeleton of storing water cultivating pool;Or the plastic plate that thickness is 0.5 li of material is cut out Fabric width is cut into for 1.2 meters, 0.35 meter, 0.02 meter wide, wherein 1.2 meters of wide planks make base plate, 0.35 meter of wide plank makees side plate, 0.02 meter wide is made stiffener, after plastic plate is cut out on request, is welded into plastics storing water cultivating pool with plastic welding rod, in bottom of pond After opening permeable hole, plastics storing water cultivating pool is wrapped with PVC paulins and fix paulin.
(2) lightweight cultivation matrix is prepared, lightweight cultivation is prepared using any one mode in following three kinds in the present embodiment Training substrate:
The first, flower culture lightweight cultivation matrix:Optional perlite carries material for inorganic, and consumption accounts for lightweight cultivation base 70% of matter or so, makees organic nutritive medium with mushroom bran, and consumption accounts for the 30% or so of lightweight cultivation matrix volume;
Second, vegetable growing lightweight cultivation matrix:Material is carried for inorganic from perlite, consumption accounts for lightweight cultivation base The 30% or so of plastid product, make organic nutritive medium with mushroom bran, and consumption accounts for the 60% or so of lightweight cultivation matrix volume, with organic Fertilizer makees a part for organic nutritive medium, and consumption accounts for the 9% or so of lightweight cultivation matrix volume, can chemical fertilizer select 15-15-15 Three-in-one Chemical Mixed Fertilizer, consumption accounts for the 1% or so of lightweight cultivation matrix volume;
The third, nursery lightweight cultivation matrix:Make inorganic carrying from perlite and Vermiculitum to expect, respectively account for half, it is inorganic The consumption for carrying material accounts for the 40% or so of lightweight cultivation matrix volume;From perfect mushroom bran of fermenting, consumption accounts for lightweight cultivation base The 40% or so of plastid product, fertilizer account for the 19% or so of lightweight cultivation matrix consumption, and chemical fertilizer is three-in-one from 15-15-15's Chemical Mixed Fertilizer, consumption account for the 1% or so of lightweight cultivation matrix volume.
(3) 8 (the present embodiment of water level regulation controller is installed in the water inlet pipe exit of above-mentioned lightweight storing water cultivating pool Method in, water level regulation controller 8 is conventional ball-cock assembly liquid level controller), and by water level regulation controller by lightweight In storing water cultivating pool, water lev el control is in required height;The current of resource of water supply are controlled by water level regulation controller, is made light Water level in matter storing water cultivating pool keeps stable, and the water in lightweight storing water cultivating pool passed through aquaporin, 13 and of permeable hole Substrate gap etc. is contacted with lightweight cultivation matrix, realizes automatic-watering.
(4) the lightweight cultivation matrix of preparation is coated with the lightweight storing water cultivating pool 1 that above-mentioned the present embodiment makes.
(5) by crop implantation lightweight cultivation matrix to be cultivated.
As shown in figure 1, in the said method of the present embodiment, the water source of the water inlet pipe 2 of lightweight storing water cultivating pool 1 is communicated to The precipitation recovery system on one roof, the precipitation recovery system include pitched roof 3, precipitation collector groove 4, filter coil pipe 5, clear water reserviors 6 With sedimentation tank 7, clear water reserviors 6 and spill troughstand connected or sedimentation tank 7 connected with spill troughstand by 2 alternative of water inlet pipe. The import of outlet one downcomer of connection of coil pipe 5 is filtered, and is filtered four wall of coil pipe and is provided with filtering holes, to filter and a net is stamped on coil pipe 5 Shape lid, netted lid are formed around the fence for stopping bulky grain rubbish;Filter coil pipe 5 and netted lid is disposed as what is freely can taken out Type of attachment.Clear water after 5 side wall of filter disc pipe is filtered is collected to the clear water reserviors 6 filtered outside coil pipe 5;Filter coil pipe 5 End is finally communicated to sedimentation tank 7.One water level controller can be also installed in the middle part of clear water reserviors 6, water level controller water inlet connects originally Water pipe, to ensure that clear water reserviors 6 have water for a long time.6 bottom of pond of clear water reserviors ensures higher than 1 bottom of pond of lightweight storing water cultivating pool, highly 50 More than centimetre.As the water in clear water reserviors 6 have passed through the filtration for filtering coil pipe 5, which cannot be only used for pouring, or even can be used as life Water, and the water in sedimentation tank 7 are applied flexibly without filtration, but can be used as water for irrigation such as cultivated plant, flowers;Other sedimentation tank 7 It is middle to precipitate after silt etc. also be collected as cultivation matrix.Pitched roof 3 is a transparent diversion system, can carry strong wind and heavy rain and drop Pressure produced by snow, has bird prevention net and wind-force application series to arrange.
Embodiment 2:
A kind of method in roof cultivation crop of the present invention as shown in Figure 2, comprises the following steps:
(1) a lightweight storing water cultivating pool 1 as shown in Figure 3 is made on roof;Cultivating pool 1 is made using light material, Including built-in cultivating pool skeleton 11 and the flexible waterproof material layer for being coated on 11 peripheral bottom surface of cultivating pool skeleton and four sides 12.In the present embodiment, cultivating pool skeleton 11 is arranged in a combination (a height of the 32 of foam plastic reservoir by multiple foam plastic reservoirs 17 Centimetre, a length of 60 centimetres, a width of 44.5 centimetres), flexible waterproof material layer 12 adopts PVC tarpaulins, and the fabric width of the PVC tarpaulins is general For 1.5 meters~2 meters, PVC tarpaulins parcel foam plastic reservoir 17 forms a spill pond, and connection is offered on foam plastic reservoir 17 To the permeable hole 13 (1.5 cm of diameter) of 12 inner surface of flexible waterproof material layer.As shown in figure 3, foam plastic reservoir 17 Except one chamfering 14 of rear formation, the chamfering 14 formed aquaporin 16 for bottom surrounding beveling.Also set up outside flexible waterproof material layer 12 The one shading protective layer 15 that freely can be changed, shading protective layer 15 can be made using PVC tarpaulins, and are wrapped in cultivating pool skeleton 11 The surrounding side of periphery.
In concrete practice, the lightweight storing water cultivating pool of the present embodiment can also can use PVC using other manufacture methods Tarpaulin directly encases foam plastic reservoir, and is fixed on foam plastic reservoir with bundle of lines PVC paulins;Can be with PVC paulin surroundings 15 centimetres of foldings are holded up, after the complications of corner suture a storing water cultivating pool, foam plastic reservoir is placed in storing water cultivating pool i.e. Can;Also foam plastic reservoir can be replaced with plastic plate to make the skeleton of storing water cultivating pool;Or the plastic plate that thickness is 0.5 li of material is cut out Fabric width is cut into for 1.2 meters, 0.35 meter, 0.02 meter wide, wherein 1.2 meters of wide planks make base plate, 0.35 meter of wide plank makees side plate, 0.02 meter wide is made stiffener, after plastic plate is cut out on request, is welded into plastics storing water cultivating pool with plastic welding rod, in bottom of pond After opening permeable hole, plastics storing water cultivating pool is wrapped with PVC paulins and fix paulin.
(2) lightweight cultivation matrix is prepared, lightweight cultivation is prepared using any one mode in following three kinds in the present embodiment Training substrate:
The first, flower culture lightweight cultivation matrix:Optional perlite carries material for inorganic, and consumption accounts for lightweight cultivation base 70% of matter or so, makees organic nutritive medium with mushroom bran, and consumption accounts for the 30% or so of lightweight cultivation matrix volume;
Second, vegetable growing lightweight cultivation matrix:Material is carried for inorganic from perlite, consumption accounts for lightweight cultivation base The 30% or so of plastid product, make organic nutritive medium with mushroom bran, and consumption accounts for the 60% or so of lightweight cultivation matrix volume, with organic Fertilizer makees a part for organic nutritive medium, and consumption accounts for the 9% or so of lightweight cultivation matrix volume, can chemical fertilizer select 15-15-15 Three-in-one Chemical Mixed Fertilizer, consumption accounts for the 1% or so of lightweight cultivation matrix volume;
The third, nursery lightweight cultivation matrix:Make inorganic carrying from perlite and Vermiculitum to expect, respectively account for half, it is inorganic The consumption for carrying material accounts for the 40% or so of lightweight cultivation matrix volume;From perfect mushroom bran of fermenting, consumption accounts for lightweight cultivation base The 40% or so of plastid product, fertilizer account for the 19% or so of lightweight cultivation matrix consumption, and chemical fertilizer is three-in-one from 15-15-15's Chemical Mixed Fertilizer, consumption account for the 1% or so of lightweight cultivation matrix volume.
(3) 8 (the present embodiment of water level regulation controller is installed in the water inlet pipe exit of above-mentioned lightweight storing water cultivating pool Method in, water level regulation controller 8 is conventional ball-cock assembly liquid level controller), and by water level regulation controller by lightweight In storing water cultivating pool, water lev el control is in required height;The current of resource of water supply are controlled by water level regulation controller, is made light Water level in matter storing water cultivating pool keeps stable, and the water in lightweight storing water cultivating pool passed through aquaporin 16, permeable hole 13 Contact with lightweight cultivation matrix with substrate gap etc., realize automatic-watering.
(4) the lightweight cultivation matrix of preparation is coated with the lightweight storing water cultivating pool 1 that above-mentioned the present embodiment makes.
(5) by crop implantation lightweight cultivation matrix to be cultivated.
As shown in Fig. 2 the water source of the water inlet pipe 2 of the lightweight storing water cultivating pool 1 of the present embodiment is communicated to a water system, The water system is by groups such as tank 18, running water pipe 19, tank water level controller 20, water pump 9, water level sensors 10 Into;Water pump 9 can be used to extract the rainwater that the precipitation recovery system on roof is collected, and water is evacuated to tank 18 by vertical water pipe In;Water pump 9 can be located in the clear water reserviors 6 or sedimentation tank 7 of precipitation recovery system, and the outlet of vertical water pipe is located at the top of tank 18 Portion, the top of tank 18 are additionally provided with spillway hole and a water level sensor 10, and water level sensor 10 can be according to water in tank 18 The connecting and disconnecting of the circuit of position control water pump 9;The outlet of running water pipe 19 is communicated to the middle part of tank 18, and running water pipe 19 goes out Tank water level controller 20 is installed at the mouth of a river, is stablized with water level when ensureing that tank 18 is flat.Roof in the present embodiment The water collecting function of precipitation recovery system is undertaken by the roof that cultivating pool 1 is located, and may also be employed in addition in the same manner as in Example 1 Structure setting.The bottom of tank 18 is higher than 1 bottom of cultivating pool, is higher by vertical height more than 50 centimetres;Tank bottom It is provided with desilting hole.The bottom of tank 18 has outlet pipe to access the water inlet pipe 2 that cultivating pool 1 becomes cultivating pool 1.
In the present embodiment, a water level sensor 10 is respectively provided with tank 18 and clear water reserviors 6 (equivalent to induction apparatuss electricity Way switch), the break-make of water pump 9 is connected control by the two water level sensors 10, when two water level sensors 10 are also turned on electricity Lu Shi, water pump 9 are opened, and when any one water level sensor 10 inspires disconnecting circuit, water pump 9 all quits work.When in clear water reserviors 6 Water level when reaching certain altitude, water level sensor therein 10 connects circuit, when 6 water level decreasing of clear water reserviors is less than certain high Degree, water level sensor therein 10 close disconnecting circuit;Another is located at the water level sensor 10 in tank 18, when water level reaches During to 18 peak level of tank, water level sensor 10 closes disconnecting circuit, when in tank 18, water level is less than peak level, Water level sensor therein 10 merges connects circuit.

Claims (9)

1. a kind of method in roof cultivation crop, comprises the following steps:
(1)A lightweight storing water cultivating pool is made on roof;The lightweight storing water cultivating pool is made using light material, including Cultivating pool skeleton in troughstand and the flexible waterproof material layer for being coated on cultivating pool skeleton periphery, on the cultivating pool skeleton Offer the permeable hole for being communicated to flexible waterproof material layer inner surface;
(2)Lightweight cultivation matrix is prepared, the lightweight cultivation matrix includes the inorganic carrying material and 30~60 of 30~70 parts by volume The organic nutritive medium of parts by volume, and the inorganic summation of material and organic nutritive medium that carries is less than 100 parts by volume;
(3)Water level regulation controller is installed at the water inlet pipe of described lightweight storing water cultivating pool, and passes through water level regulation control Device processed is by water lev el control in the lightweight storing water cultivating pool in required height;
(4)The lightweight cultivation matrix of preparation is coated with the lightweight storing water cultivating pool;
(5)Crop to be cultivated is implanted in the lightweight cultivation matrix;
The water source of the water inlet pipe of the lightweight storing water cultivating pool is communicated to the precipitation recovery system on a roof, and described precipitation is returned Receipts system includes pitched roof, precipitation collector groove, filters coil pipe, clear water reserviors and sedimentation tank, and the water inlet pipe alternative will be described Sedimentation tank is connected by clear water reserviors and the connection of spill troughstand with spill troughstand.
2. method according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the cultivating pool skeleton is arranged by multiple foam plastic reservoirs Combine, the flexible waterproof material layer adopts PVC tarpaulins, the PVC tarpaulins to be wrapped in the bottom surface of cultivating pool skeleton periphery A water conservation layer is formed with surrounding side;One is also set up outside the cultivating pool skeleton or/and flexible waterproof material layer freely to change Shading protective layer, the shading protective layer adopts PVC tarpaulins, and is wrapped in cultivating pool skeleton or/and flexible waterproof material layer The exposed lateral side of periphery.
3. method according to claim 2, it is characterised in that at least part of bottom surrounding of described foam plastic reservoir Eliminate to form a chamfering along being chamfered, at the chamfering, formed aquaporin;And two foam plastic reservoirs that mutually lean on side by side connect The chamfering of seam bottom forms a triangle and crosses aquaporin;The permeable hole is connected with aforementioned aquaporin of crossing;Or
At least partly a bottom part for described foam plastic reservoir constituted aquaporin in raising up, and the permeable hole is opened Located at the bottom of the foam plastic reservoir.
4. method according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the water source of the water inlet pipe of the lightweight storing water cultivating pool connects A water system is passed to, the water system includes the sensing of tank, running water pipe, tank water level controller, water pump and water level Device;Water pump is evacuated to water in tank by vertical water pipe;Vertically the outlet of water pipe is located at the top of tank, the top of tank Portion is additionally provided with a water level sensor, connecting and disconnecting of the circuit of the water level sensor according to water pump for water level control in tank;Running water pipe Outlet is communicated to the middle part of tank, and the water outlet of running water pipe is provided with tank water level controller;Tank Bottom is higher than the lightweight storing water cultivating pool;The bottom of tank has outlet pipe to access the lightweight storing water cultivating pool For its water inlet pipe.
5. the method according to any one of claim 1-4, it is characterised in that the outlet of the filtration coil pipe connects The import of water pipe, filters four wall of coil pipe and is provided with filtering holes, filters and a netted lid is stamped on coil pipe, and netted lid is formed around stopping big The fence of granule rubbish;Filtration coil pipe and netted lid are disposed as the type of attachment that freely can be taken out;The outlet for filtering coil pipe is led to Cross downcomer and be communicated to described clear water reserviors and sedimentation tank.
6. method according to claim 4, it is characterised in that the water pump is arranged on the clear water of the precipitation recovery system Chi Zhong, and the water in clear water reserviors is evacuated in tank by vertical water pipe.
7. method according to claim 6 a, it is characterised in that water level sensor is additionally provided with the clear water reserviors, it is described The break-make of water pump is controlled by two water level sensor series connection in this clear water reserviors and tank, when two water level sensors are connect simultaneously During circuit passband, water pump is opened;When the water level sensor in clear water reserviors is arranged to connect when water level therein reaches certain altitude Circuit;Water level sensor in tank is arranged to disconnecting circuit is then closed when wherein water level reaches tank peak level.
8. the method according to any one of Claims 1 to 4, it is characterised in that it is described it is inorganic carry material for perlite and/ Or Vermiculitum, the organic nutritive medium is mushroom bran and/or fertilizer.
9. method according to claim 8, it is characterised in that the lightweight cultivation matrix includes volume fraction for 30%~ 40% inorganic carrying material, 40%~60% mushroom bran, 8%~20% fertilizer and less than 1% mixed fertilizer.
CN201410788166.4A 2014-12-17 2014-12-17 In the method for roof cultivation crop Expired - Fee Related CN104429864B (en)

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CN105875255A (en) * 2016-06-02 2016-08-24 卒子科技(深圳)有限公司 Indoor automatic half-soil cultivation system
CN110158874A (en) * 2019-06-13 2019-08-23 中交第四公路工程局有限公司 Green Roof assembly case and assembled intelligent green roof
CN110550895A (en) * 2019-09-09 2019-12-10 湖南省核农学与航天育种研究所 Light weight and fertilizer supply brick/board, manufacturing method and manufacturing method of cultivation pool
CN110810164A (en) * 2019-11-12 2020-02-21 湖南省核农学与航天育种研究所 Method for producing agricultural products without phytotoxicity by using roof

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JPH0880130A (en) * 1994-09-14 1996-03-26 Kajima Corp Greening of roof or the like
CN2860059Y (en) * 2006-02-06 2007-01-24 辛军 Multifunction roof-greening device
CN101084733A (en) * 2006-06-07 2007-12-12 陈建 Roof afforestation structure
CN101313654B (en) * 2007-05-29 2011-09-28 上海银鼎工程技术有限公司 Irrigation-free maintenance-free combined grow module of roof top garden
CN202151064U (en) * 2011-02-11 2012-02-29 龙拥军 Roof biomass circulating planting system

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