CN204653057U - Twin axle reversion pressure buries straw cutting apparatus - Google Patents

Twin axle reversion pressure buries straw cutting apparatus Download PDF

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Publication number
CN204653057U
CN204653057U CN201520339711.1U CN201520339711U CN204653057U CN 204653057 U CN204653057 U CN 204653057U CN 201520339711 U CN201520339711 U CN 201520339711U CN 204653057 U CN204653057 U CN 204653057U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
axle
hobbing
complete machine
machine frame
gear
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN201520339711.1U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
胡成昌
董家瑞
林维清
李华银
薛壮
赵富春
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Nanjing Changrong Agriculture Machinery Service Professional Cooperatives
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Nanjing Changrong Agriculture Machinery Service Professional Cooperatives
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Priority to CN201520339711.1U priority Critical patent/CN204653057U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN204653057U publication Critical patent/CN204653057U/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

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Abstract

The utility model relates to a kind of twin axle reversion pressure and buries straw cutting apparatus, comprise complete machine frame, the front side of complete machine frame hangs with tractor and is connected, the power take-off of tractor is connected with the driving shaft of gear-box, the power take-off of gear-box is connected with driving wheel, driving wheel is connected with driven pulley by V-belt, driven pulley is transversely arranged on just hobbing in complete machine frame and buries axle with one and be connected, just hobbing and to bury on axle uniform one group and just hobbing and bury blade, the afterbody two ends of complete machine frame are respectively equipped with press wheel bracing frame, two press wheel bracing frames are separately fixed at the two ends of suppression wheel shaft, suppression wheel shaft is provided with press wheel.The utility model crushed stalk is more thorough, operation effectiveness is good, solve root stubble or do not shred straw-returning time, bury the problem that batch effect is undesirable, stalk and soil fully merge and imbed below soil layer, reach straw-returning and increase soil nutrient, improve the object of soil structure, meet the requirement of crops subsequent job simultaneously.

Description

Twin axle reversion pressure buries straw cutting apparatus
Technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of straw cutting apparatus, and especially a kind of twin axle reversion pressure buries straw cutting apparatus, belongs to technical field of agricultural mechanical equipment.
Background technology
Straw-returning be the stalk directly should not making feed (Wheat Straw, rape stalk and rice straw etc.) directly or pile up become thoroughly decomposed after to be manured into soil a kind of middle method.Straw-returning is the well stimulation of a culture fertility of most attention in the world today, the effect also having getting fat to increase production while stopping the atmospheric pollution that crop straw burning causes, the soil organic matter can be increased, improvement soil structure, make loosing soil, porosity increases, and capacity alleviates, and promotes the growth of microbial activity and crop root.
At present, using reversion stubble-cleaning straw cutting apparatus carry out straw-returning and plough wholely, is a kind of conventional operational method.Existing reversion stubble-cleaning straw cutting apparatus needs at crushed stalk length≤10cm, when cutting height≤15cm and soil dry humidity are suitable for, Straw Crushed for Reclaiming could be implemented, have root stubble or the Wheat Straw do not shredded, rape stalk and rice straw also field time, bury batch effect undesirable, second stubble crop transplanted by machine or sowing can be affected.In addition, although reversion stubble-cleaning straw cutting apparatus is more effective than common rotating forward straw cutting apparatus, but the effect of straw-returning or not ideal enough, there will be stalk can not buried, situation such as dew bar etc., there will be fly rod phenomenon when especially implementing straw-returning in paddy field, thus affect rice transplanter and normally plant, occur askew seedling, seedling laying, drift seedling, line-break, block the problems such as seedling pin, finally cause the paddy rice underproduction, peasant's reduction of income.
Utility model content
The purpose of this utility model is: the deficiency existed for above-mentioned prior art, propose a kind of twin axle reversion pressure and bury straw cutting apparatus, increase by one group of power-actuated rotating forward chopping pressure to bury blade and suppressing wheel device at the rear portion of reversion stubble-cleaning straw cutting apparatus, burying stalk for shredding pressure, efficiently solving the problem of Straw Crushed for Reclaiming weak effect.
In order to reach above object, twin axle reversion pressure of the present utility model buries straw cutting apparatus, comprise the complete machine frame connecting gear-box, the front side of complete machine frame hangs with tractor and is connected, the power take-off of tractor is connected with the driving shaft of gear-box, the rotary blade installation shaft of a front support lateral arrangement of complete machine frame, rotary blade installation shaft connects one group of Up-cut rotary blade, rotary blade installation shaft is by gear-box driven rotary, its improvements are, the power take-off of gear-box is connected with driving wheel, driving wheel is connected with driven pulley by V-belt, driven pulley is transversely arranged on just hobbing in complete machine frame and buries axle with one and be connected, just hobbing and to bury on axle uniform one group and just hobbing and bury blade, just hobbing the direction of rotation of burying blade contrary with rotary blade, the afterbody two ends of complete machine frame are respectively equipped with press wheel bracing frame, and two press wheel bracing frames are separately fixed at the two ends of suppression wheel shaft, and suppression wheel shaft is provided with press wheel.
In a word, the power that gear-box power take-off exports, be passed to just to hob through driven wheel and bury axle, just hobbing bury axle drive just hobbing bury blade rotate, thus crop root residue is pulverized, and separating twice is carried out to the stalk pulverized by rotary blade, then root stubble and stalk pressure are embedded in soil, simultaneously along with field-returning machine travels forward, press wheel is suppressed the soil after straw-returning and is flattened.
Refinement of the present utility model comprises:
In technique scheme, the middle part of press wheel bracing frame is provided with suppression spring bracing, and suppression spring bracing connects cover on it the suppression spring shaft of suppression spring, and suppression spring shaft is flexibly connected with the limit spring seat be fixed in complete machine frame.Concrete structure is that spacing spring base is shaped with axis hole, is plugged with suppression spring shaft in axis hole, and suppresses spring shaft is positioned at outside limit spring seat and be provided with spacing adjusting nut.
Like this, before straw-returning operation or in operation process, according to the humidity in soil, soft durometer, flatness, by spacing adjusting nut, suppression spring can be regulated, and then the angle of adjustment press wheel, obtain desirable suppression and leveling effect.
In technique scheme, just hobbing the two ends of burying axle and connecting pre-compressed spring axle respectively, on pre-compressed spring axle, cover has pre-compressed spring, and the top of pre-compressed spring axle is flexibly connected with the limited block be fixed in complete machine frame.Concrete structure is that limited block is shaped with axis hole, and be plugged with pre-compressed spring axle in axis hole, top pre-compressed spring axle being positioned at limited block is provided with stop nut.
Like this, before straw-returning operation or in operation process, according to the humidity in soil, soft durometer, flatness, by stop nut, pre-compressed spring can be regulated, and then adjustment is just hobbing the ground pressure burying blade, obtaining best chopping, pressure is burying effect.
In technique scheme, complete machine frame is positioned at the front that tangent pressure buries blade and is provided with gear straw articles, gear straw articles is transversely arranged on the gear grass axle in complete machine frame primarily of one and is distributed on one group of gear swath composition on the careless axle of gear.Gear swath extends to form arc-shaped transition section to backward rear the bending of downward-extension, and the bottom of arc-shaped transition section extends to form vertical bar downwards, and vertical bar is arranged in two and is just hobbing the centre of burying blade.
In technique scheme, V-belt is arranged the regulating wheel of adjustable V-belt elasticity, regulating wheel is arranged in complete machine frame by regulating wheel fixed axis.
In technique scheme, just hobbing the two ends of burying axle and be respectively equipped with spring bearing, just hobbing and burying axle and be provided with spacer, just hobbing and burying axle and connect one group by spacer and two end supports bearing and just hobbing and bury blade, just hobbing and burying blade is disc, and it is uniform one group of sawtooth circumferentially.
In technique scheme, suppression wheel shaft is provided with several bearing, and installs press wheel by bearing.
Straw cutting apparatus of the present utility model buries blade and carries out pulverization process by just to hob to root stubble, and separating twice is carried out to the stalk after pulverizing, crushed stalk is more thorough, operation effectiveness is good, solve root stubble or do not shred straw-returning time, bury the problem that batch effect is undesirable, press wheel is adopted to suppress soil after straw-returning in addition, stalk and soil are fully merged and imbeds below soil layer, reach straw-returning and increase soil nutrient, improve the object of soil structure, meet the requirement of crops subsequent job simultaneously.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, the utility model is further described.
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the utility model embodiment.
In figure: 1. driving shaft, 2. gear-box, 3. driving wheel, 4. rotary blade, 5. V-belt, 6. keep off swath, 7. just hobbing and burying blade, 8. driven pulley, 9. suppressing wheel shaft, 10. press wheel, 11. press wheel bracing frames, 12. suppression spring bracings, 13. suppression springs, 14. are just hobbing and are burying axle, 15. pre-compressed springs, 16. regulating wheels, 17. power take-offs.
Embodiment
Embodiment one
The present embodiment twin axle reversion pressure buries straw cutting apparatus, its structure as shown in Figure 1, comprise complete machine frame, complete machine frame connects gear-box 2, the front side of complete machine frame hangs with tractor and is connected, and the power take-off of tractor is connected with the driving shaft 1 of gear-box 2, the rotary blade installation shaft of a front support lateral arrangement of complete machine frame, rotary blade installation shaft connects one group of rotary blade 4, rotary blade installation shaft drives reverse rotation by gear-box 2.The power take-off 17 of gear-box 2 is connected with driving wheel 3, and driving wheel 3 is connected with driven pulley 8 by V-belt 5, and V-belt 5 is arranged the regulating wheel 16 of adjustable V-belt 5 elasticity, regulating wheel 16 is arranged in complete machine frame by regulating wheel fixed axis.Driven pulley 8 is transversely arranged on just hobbing in complete machine frame and buries axle 14 with one and be connected, just hob the two ends of burying axle 14 and be respectively equipped with spring bearing, just hobbing and to bury on axle 14 also cover and have spacer, just hobbing and burying axle 14 and connect one group by spacer and two end supports bearing and just hobbing and bury blade 7, just hobbing and burying blade 7 for disc, it is uniform one group of sawtooth circumferentially, and rotary blade is contrary with just hobbing the direction of rotation of burying blade 7.Complete machine frame is positioned at the front that tangent pressure buries blade 7 and is provided with gear straw articles, gear straw articles is transversely arranged on the gear grass axle in complete machine frame primarily of one and 18 the gear swaths 6 be distributed on the careless axle of gear form, gear swath 6 extends to form arc-shaped transition section to backward rear the bending of downward-extension, the bottom of arc-shaped transition section extends to form vertical bar downwards, keep off the arc-shaped transition section of swath 6 and the edge of corresponding spacer during assembling and to be on same axial plane also interval 10cm, vertical bar is arranged in two and is just hobbing the centre of burying blade 7, and apart from just hobbing the edge sawtooth 2 ~ 3cm burying blade 7, bottom vertical bar with just to hob bury blade 7 base plane at a distance of 5cm.In addition, the afterbody two ends of complete machine frame are respectively equipped with a press wheel bracing frame 11, and the two ends of suppression wheel shaft 9 are separately fixed on two press wheel bracing frames 11, and suppression wheel shaft 9 is provided with several bearing, and installs press wheel 10 by bearing.
Press wheel bracing frame 11 is provided with suppression spring bracing 12, suppression spring bracing 12 connects cover on it the suppression spring shaft of suppression spring 13, suppression spring shaft is flexibly connected with the limit spring seat be fixed in complete machine frame, namely limit spring seat is shaped with axis hole, be plugged with suppression spring shaft in axis hole, and suppress spring shaft is positioned at outside limit spring seat and be provided with spacing adjusting nut.Just hob the two ends of burying axle 14 and connect pre-compressed spring axle respectively, on pre-compressed spring axle, cover has pre-compressed spring 15, and the top of pre-compressed spring axle is flexibly connected with the limited block be fixed in complete machine frame, namely limited block is shaped with axis hole, pre-compressed spring axle is plugged with in axis hole, top pre-compressed spring axle being positioned at limited block is provided with stop nut, pre-compressed spring 15 is regulated to align the pressure hobbing and bury axle 14 by stop nut, and utilize pre-compressed spring 15 to align to hob and bury the downward pressure of axle 14, regulate just hobbing to bury and axle 14 just hobs the ground pressure burying blade 7, thus ensure that chopping pressure buries effect.
During work, after power is inputted by driving shaft 1, rotary blade 4 is driven to reversely rotate by gear-box 2, realize reversion stubble-cleaning to break ground, wherein a part of stalk is threaded into soil, another part stalk is thrown to rotary blade 4 rear, and under the effect of rotary centrifugal force and inertia and gear straw articles, stalk buries blade 7 place to falling to tangent pressure.Meanwhile, the power that driving shaft 1 inputs is passed to just to hob buries axle 14 through gear-box 2, power take-off 17, driving wheel 3, V-belt 5, driven pulley 8, just hobbing bury axle 14 drive just hob bury blade 7 rotate forward rotate, the stalk separating twice that sawtooth fast rotational on it falls front, crop root residue is pulverized, stalk after pulverizing and crop root residue are covered by the hack that the rotation of rotary blade 4 is thrown backward, and just hobbing bury blade 7 tentatively pressure bury soil, to be got rid of by Up-cut rotary blade 4 above to avoid stalk and take surface out of.Subsequently, press wheel 10 is under field-returning machine travels forward and suppresses the effect of spring 13, suppression and smooth is carried out to the soil after straw-returning, thus stalk and soil fully mixed and places into the soil, reach straw-returning and increase soil nutrient, improve the object of soil structure, to meet the requirement of crops subsequent job.
The twin axle reversion pressure of the present embodiment buries straw cutting apparatus, its straw-returning effect is better than other any type, meet and exceed the standard of domestic straw-returning, the requirement of rice planting technology can be met very well, be particularly useful for the straw-returning of rape, seeding corn and other crops.
Except above-described embodiment, the utility model also can have other embodiments.All employings are equal to the technical scheme of replacement or equivalent transformation formation, all drop on the protection domain of the utility model requirement.

Claims (9)

1. a twin axle reversion pressure buries straw cutting apparatus, comprise complete machine frame, the front side of described complete machine frame hangs with tractor and is connected, the power take-off of described tractor is connected with the driving shaft of gear-box, in the rotary blade installation shaft of a front support lateral arrangement of described complete machine frame, described rotary blade installation shaft connects one group of Up-cut rotary blade, and described rotary blade installation shaft is by gear-box driven rotary, it is characterized in that: the power take-off of described gear-box is connected with driving wheel, described driving wheel is connected with driven pulley by V-belt, described driven pulley is transversely arranged on just hobbing in complete machine frame and buries axle with one and be connected, described just hobbing to be buried on axle uniform one group and is just being hobbed and bury blade, the afterbody two ends of described complete machine frame are respectively equipped with press wheel bracing frame, and described two press wheel bracing frames are separately fixed at the two ends of suppression wheel shaft, and described suppression wheel shaft is provided with press wheel.
2. twin axle reversion pressure according to claim 1 buries straw cutting apparatus, it is characterized in that: described press wheel bracing frame is provided with suppression spring bracing, described suppression spring bracing connects cover on it the suppression spring shaft of suppression spring, and described suppression spring shaft is flexibly connected with the limit spring seat be fixed in complete machine frame.
3. twin axle reversion pressure according to claim 2 buries straw cutting apparatus, it is characterized in that: described limit spring seat is shaped with axis hole, be plugged with suppression spring shaft in described axis hole, and described suppression spring shaft is positioned at outside limit spring seat is provided with spacing adjusting nut.
4. twin axle reversion pressure according to claim 1 buries straw cutting apparatus, it is characterized in that: the described two ends of burying axle that just hobbing connect pre-compressed spring axle respectively, on described pre-compressed spring axle, cover has pre-compressed spring, and the top of described pre-compressed spring axle is flexibly connected with the limited block be fixed in complete machine frame.
5. twin axle reversion pressure according to claim 4 buries straw cutting apparatus, and it is characterized in that: described limited block is shaped with axis hole, be plugged with pre-compressed spring axle in described axis hole, the top described pre-compressed spring axle being positioned at limited block is provided with stop nut.
6. twin axle reversion pressure according to claim 1 buries straw cutting apparatus, it is characterized in that: in described complete machine frame, be positioned at the front that tangent pressure buries blade be provided with gear straw articles, described gear straw articles is transversely arranged on the gear grass axle in complete machine frame primarily of one and is distributed on one group of gear swath composition on the careless axle of gear.
7. twin axle reversion pressure according to claim 6 buries straw cutting apparatus, it is characterized in that: described gear swath extends to form arc-shaped transition section to backward rear the bending of downward-extension, the bottom of described arc-shaped transition section extends to form vertical bar downwards, and described vertical bar is arranged in two and is just hobbing the centre of burying blade.
8. twin axle reversion pressure according to claim 1 buries straw cutting apparatus, and it is characterized in that: the regulating wheel described V-belt being arranged adjustable V-belt elasticity, described regulating wheel is arranged in complete machine frame by regulating wheel fixed axis.
9. twin axle reversion pressure according to claim 1 buries straw cutting apparatus, it is characterized in that: the described two ends of burying axle that just hobbing are respectively equipped with spring bearing, described just hobbing is buried axle and is provided with spacer, described just hobbing is buried axle and is connected one group by spacer and two end supports bearing and just hobbing and bury blade, describedly just hobbing that to bury blade be disc, it is uniform one group of sawtooth circumferentially.
CN201520339711.1U 2015-05-22 2015-05-22 Twin axle reversion pressure buries straw cutting apparatus Expired - Fee Related CN204653057U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201520339711.1U CN204653057U (en) 2015-05-22 2015-05-22 Twin axle reversion pressure buries straw cutting apparatus

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201520339711.1U CN204653057U (en) 2015-05-22 2015-05-22 Twin axle reversion pressure buries straw cutting apparatus

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN204653057U true CN204653057U (en) 2015-09-23

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Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105850258A (en) * 2016-05-27 2016-08-17 吉林农业大学 Gathering and turning combined type straw deep returning machine
CN110121947A (en) * 2019-06-25 2019-08-16 商丘市农林科学院 A kind of straw-returning mini-tiller
CN110521394A (en) * 2019-10-10 2019-12-03 吉林省农业科学院 A kind of maize straw device

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105850258A (en) * 2016-05-27 2016-08-17 吉林农业大学 Gathering and turning combined type straw deep returning machine
CN105850258B (en) * 2016-05-27 2017-08-04 吉林农业大学 One kind is poly- to be turned over combined straw and goes back machine deeply
CN110121947A (en) * 2019-06-25 2019-08-16 商丘市农林科学院 A kind of straw-returning mini-tiller
CN110521394A (en) * 2019-10-10 2019-12-03 吉林省农业科学院 A kind of maize straw device

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GR01 Patent grant
C14 Grant of patent or utility model
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20150923

Termination date: 20160522

CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee