CN101427620B - Stalk crushing rotary tillage, fertilizer applying-seeding combined working machine - Google Patents

Stalk crushing rotary tillage, fertilizer applying-seeding combined working machine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN101427620B
CN101427620B CN2008102440922A CN200810244092A CN101427620B CN 101427620 B CN101427620 B CN 101427620B CN 2008102440922 A CN2008102440922 A CN 2008102440922A CN 200810244092 A CN200810244092 A CN 200810244092A CN 101427620 B CN101427620 B CN 101427620B
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China
Prior art keywords
frame
rotary tillage
working machine
fertilizer
working device
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Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN2008102440922A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN101427620A (en
Inventor
石荣玲
张园
张钟毓
刘霞
张洁
张佩
曹迎春
孙曙光
樊岩琦
陈文龙
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XUZHOU CITY AGRICALTURAL MACHINERY TECHNOLOGY SPREADING CENTRE
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XUZHOU CITY AGRICALTURAL MACHINERY TECHNOLOGY SPREADING CENTRE
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Priority to CN2008102440922A priority Critical patent/CN101427620B/en
Publication of CN101427620A publication Critical patent/CN101427620A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN101427620B publication Critical patent/CN101427620B/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

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Abstract

The present invention discloses a straw comminution rotary tillage, fertilizing and sowing composite working device, wherein the composite working device is mated with a wheel tractor with more than 75 horsepower and three-point suspension mechanism of the tractor is connected with the three-point suspension rack of the composite working device. The composite working device comprises a stand of frame shape, a crushing cutter, a rotary tillage cutter, a fertilizing and furrowing blade, a sowing boot and a clump pack roller which are mounted in turn below the stand of frame shape, a seed and fertilizer box, a rotary tillage crushing gear box, a main gear box and a suspension rack which are mounted in turn above the stand of frame shape. The composite working device can accomplish multi-job operation at one time, with features of good efficacy, good effect, reduced times of entering into cultivation ground and cultivating, increased soil organic material content and greatly reduced production cost.

Description

Stalk crushing rotary tillage, fertilizer applying-seeding combined working machine
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of stalk crushing rotary tillage, fertilizer applying-seeding combined working machine that can carry out the whole ground of chopping and returning, rotary tillage hack and carry out the wheat fertilizing sowing simultaneously crops straw.
Background technology
In recent years, along with development of rural economy, the life of farmers level improves constantly, the grass kitchen range becomes coal (gas) kitchen range, thatched cottage becomes tile-roofed house, farm cattle change car pusher, the effective rate of utilization of rural area agricultural crop straw but sharply descends, and every crops harvest season, the whole nation discarded stalk of several hundred million tons is burned.Thereby caused a large amount of wastings of resources, polluted environment, seriously influenced people's lives and traffic safety.In addition because of, crop straw burning causes soil compaction, has caused soil organic substance content to descend, the fertility deficiency forms vicious circle.Therefore, the processing of waste crop straws has become the focal issue that the whole society pays close attention to.
At present, the straw-returning of the land for growing field crops operating type that adopts needs five road flow charts such as rotary tillage soil-working, stalk covering, ferti-seeding, pressure, it is many that this traditional operating type exists operation, mechanical work cost height, soil stirs often, and tractor is pressed ground often, easily causes soil compaction, be unfavorable for crop growth, cause problems such as The grain yield drops easily.
Summary of the invention
In order to solve the problem that exists in the existing straw-returning operation, the invention provides a kind of stalk crushing rotary tillage, fertilizer applying-seeding combined working machine.This machine one-stop operation, can finish multi-mode operations such as straw chopping and returning, rotary tillage hack, stalks mulching, seed manure trench digging, fertilising, sowing, earthing, suppression simultaneously, effect height, effective not only, and reduced facility advance with the farming number of times, increase soil organic matter content, also greatly reduced production cost.
The technical solution adopted for the present invention to solve the technical problems is: this combined working machine is and the supporting use of wheel tractor more than 75 horsepowers, the tractor three-point hitch is connected with the trifilar suspension frame of this combined working machine; The front lower place that is installed in the shaped as frame frame that the crushed stalk cutter shaft of this machine is horizontal; Its end is connected with a side of frame, and the other end is connected with the output of the pulverizing gearbox of side, accepts to pulverize the power of gearbox output; On the crushed stalk cutter shaft, the sharp wear-resisting pulverizing cutter of the edge of a knife evenly is installed, can effectively pulverize stalk by high speed rotating; Rotary ploughing cutter shaft is two semiaxis structures, and its a end is connected with the output of the active force gearbox of centre, and its other end is connected with a side of frame; Rotary blade is installed on the rotary ploughing cutter shaft uniformly; The rear portion connects the seed fertilizer can, prevents that twining plough is installed on the frame front beam by the plow standard coupling arrangement, and seeding unit, fertilizer apparatus respectively are installed on the frame top by tube connector, respectively is connected by the fertilising furrower and the seed opener of tube connector with the frame bottom; Ditching share uses bolt in the frame below; Pack roller is connected with frame by pulling-rod frame, provides power by the rotation of rolling pack roller, to the sowing axle, is delivered to the fertilizer applicator axle through chain drive again, drives seeder axle and fertilizer applicator axle and rotates in the same way, realizes sowing and fertilising operation.
Its beneficial effect is: this stalk crushing rotary tillage, fertilizer applying-seeding combined working machine, can once finish the multi-job operation, effect height, effective not only, and reduced facility advance with the farming number of times, increase soil organic matter content, also greatly reduced production cost.
Description of drawings
The invention will be further described below in conjunction with drawings and the embodiments.
Fig. 1 is the front view of stalk crushing rotary tillage, fertilizer applying-seeding combined working machine.
Fig. 2 is the end view of stalk crushing rotary tillage, fertilizer applying-seeding combined working machine.
Among the figure, 1. seed fertilizer can, 2. fertilizer apparatus, 3. rotary tillage gearbox, 4. pulverizing gearbox, 5. active force gearbox, 6. frame, 7. hanger bracket, 8. crushing wheel is 9. pulverized cutter shaft, 10. pulverizes cutter, 11. rotary blades, 12. rotary ploughing cutter shaft, 13. fertilising furrowers, 14.U shape ring, 15. front-axle beams, 16. seed opener, 17. pack rollers, 18. driving chains, 19. connectors, 20. chain, 21. seeding units, 22. final drive shafts.
Embodiment
Its operation process is: ato unit, open hydraulic lifting, and the trifilar suspension frame 7 of tractor three-point hitch and this combined working machine is connected, combined working machine is promoted about liftoff 5~10cm, test running 5 minutes has no abnormal sound or other anomaly, grants operation.Control crushed stalk height, the rotary tillage degree of depth and sowing depth by tractor driver during operation.When tractor advances, the stalk in the place ahead strikes the beam and has upwards been got rid of by straw stalk pulverizing knife 10, shed downwards after the chopping, stalk after rotary blade 11 will shred when cutting soil and hack is imbedded in the soil, in this process, rotary blade shreds root stubble residual in the soil in the lump and covers, provide the seeding unit 21 of power and fertilizer apparatus 2 to work simultaneously by pack roller 17, quantitative in advance chemical fertilizer and seed broadcast via fertilising furrower 13 and seed opener 16 bury, and the hack of being shed by rotary blade 11 covers, via finishing whole flow charts after 17 suppressions of last pack roller.

Claims (1)

1. stalk crushing rotary tillage, fertilizer applying-seeding combined working machine, it is characterized in that: this combined working machine is and the supporting use of wheel tractor more than 75 horsepowers that the tractor three-point hitch is connected with the trifilar suspension frame (7) of this combined working machine; The horizontal front lower place that is installed in shaped as frame frame (6) of crushed stalk cutter shaft (9) of this machine; Its end is connected with a side of frame (6), and the other end is connected with the output of the pulverizing gearbox (4) of side, accepts to pulverize the power of gearbox output; On crushed stalk cutter shaft (9), the sharp wear-resisting pulverizing cutter (10) of the edge of a knife evenly is installed, can effectively pulverize stalk by high speed rotating; Rotary ploughing cutter shaft (12) is two semiaxis structures, and its a end is connected with the output of the active force gearbox (5) of centre, and its other end is connected with a side of frame; Rotary blade (11) is installed on the rotary ploughing cutter shaft (12) uniformly; The rear portion connects seed fertilizer can (1), prevent that twining plough is installed on frame (6) front-axle beam (15) by the plow standard coupling arrangement, seeding unit (21), fertilizer apparatus (2) respectively are installed on frame (6) top by tube connector, respectively are connected by the fertilising furrower (13) and the seed opener (16) of tube connector with the frame bottom; Ditching share uses bolt in the frame below; Pack roller (17) is connected with frame by pulling-rod frame, provides power by the rotation of rolling pack roller (17), to the sowing axle, is delivered to the fertilizer applicator axle through chain drive again, drives seeder axle and fertilizer applicator axle and rotates in the same way, realizes sowing and fertilising operation.
CN2008102440922A 2008-12-08 2008-12-08 Stalk crushing rotary tillage, fertilizer applying-seeding combined working machine Expired - Fee Related CN101427620B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2008102440922A CN101427620B (en) 2008-12-08 2008-12-08 Stalk crushing rotary tillage, fertilizer applying-seeding combined working machine

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2008102440922A CN101427620B (en) 2008-12-08 2008-12-08 Stalk crushing rotary tillage, fertilizer applying-seeding combined working machine

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN101427620A CN101427620A (en) 2009-05-13
CN101427620B true CN101427620B (en) 2011-07-06

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Families Citing this family (21)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101790910A (en) * 2010-03-17 2010-08-04 郑宇虎 Deeply digging, cultivating and seeding unit
CN103314668A (en) * 2012-03-19 2013-09-25 李健 No-smashing plough-equipped straw returning machine
CN103109603B (en) * 2013-03-06 2014-11-26 江苏升亚泵阀制造有限公司 Combined operation machine of straw baling and rotary tillage sowing based on single machine driving
CN103858549B (en) * 2014-03-17 2016-06-29 钱生越 Straw field pickup covers combined working machine after pulverizing machine sowing
CN104541625A (en) * 2015-01-23 2015-04-29 安徽理工大学 Method of using straw chopping and rotary tillage integrated machine
CN105247984A (en) * 2015-10-19 2016-01-20 湖南省耒耕轻型耕田机制造有限公司 Solar loosener
CN105746023A (en) * 2016-03-10 2016-07-13 柯再立 Dual-pulverizing bi-spinning sowing machine
CN105993374A (en) * 2016-06-27 2016-10-12 杨子逸 Agricultural corn-harvester straw returning machine
CN106304867B (en) * 2016-09-29 2018-05-01 程振勇 A kind of full returning to the field wheat beans rotary sowing machine
CN106385835B (en) * 2016-10-14 2018-08-28 周常 A kind of soil improver
CN107027363A (en) * 2017-05-30 2017-08-11 辽宁海阔机械设备制造有限公司 Stalk subsoiling burying machine
CN107182322A (en) * 2017-06-13 2017-09-22 农业部南京农业机械化研究所 A kind of local rotary tillage seeding and fertilizing straw mulching and returning machine
CN108283029A (en) * 2018-03-08 2018-07-17 农业部南京农业机械化研究所 A kind of hanging-connecting leaf vegetables combined working soil seeder
CN109729770A (en) * 2019-02-28 2019-05-10 南京农业大学 A kind of rape Multifunctional duplex all-in-one machine
CN110692295A (en) * 2019-11-14 2020-01-17 南京农业大学 Intelligent compound seeder suitable for operation of rice stubble high-humidity plots
CN111670618B (en) * 2020-06-11 2022-11-29 刘福宏 Rotary tillage device capable of well treating straws in autumn and spring of the next year
CN112088608B (en) * 2020-10-10 2022-05-17 广东省构建工程建设有限公司 Soil plowing and fertilizing method
CN112492905B (en) * 2020-11-30 2022-10-25 陈成 Fertilizing device and method for soil improvement
CN112840778A (en) * 2021-01-22 2021-05-28 农业农村部南京农业机械化研究所 Double-ratchet type stubble pressing, soil throwing, fertilizing and seeding unit
CN112825636A (en) * 2021-03-01 2021-05-25 黑龙江永沃农业科技有限公司 Straw returning plough
CN114731785B (en) * 2022-06-14 2022-08-26 安徽省农业科学院作物研究所 Dark pine reversal rotary tillage soil preparation machine

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Granted publication date: 20110706

Termination date: 20121208