CN203633177U - Saw disc type straw smashing and recycling machine - Google Patents

Saw disc type straw smashing and recycling machine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN203633177U
CN203633177U CN201320881215.XU CN201320881215U CN203633177U CN 203633177 U CN203633177 U CN 203633177U CN 201320881215 U CN201320881215 U CN 201320881215U CN 203633177 U CN203633177 U CN 203633177U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
cutter
saw disc
pickup
straw
returning machine
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN201320881215.XU
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
李汝莘
邢立冉
王铁新
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Shandong Agricultural University
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Shandong Agricultural University
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Shandong Agricultural University filed Critical Shandong Agricultural University
Priority to CN201320881215.XU priority Critical patent/CN203633177U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN203633177U publication Critical patent/CN203633177U/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

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Abstract

The utility model relates to a saw disc type straw smashing and recycling machine which comprises a straw cutting hob, a straw picker, a smashing chamber, a saw disc cutter, a suspension frame, a gearbox, a press roller and a power transmission system. Crop stalks after ear snapping is cut off from the roots, and then straw is picked up through the picker, smashed in the smashing chamber in a supported mode and recycled on the spot. By being picked up, the situations that the straw is left, the saw disc cutter is in soil and smashing is carried out with the soil are avoided, and abrasion of the saw disc cutter is lightened; by means of supported smashing, work power consumption can be reduced, the machine has high cutting capacity on the straw different in water content, and smashing and recycling quality of the straw is guaranteed. By means of the machine, crop stalk cutting, straw picking-up, smashing and recycling can be carried out at the same time, and the defects that a cutter of an existing straw recycling machine is severe in abrasion, large in work power consumption, insufficient in smashing and the like are overcome.

Description

Saw disc type straw crushing and field-returning machine
(1) technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of saw disc type straw crushing and field-returning machine, especially can carry out that crop stem cuts off, straw field pickup and chopping and returning simultaneously.
(2) background technology
Returning Application of Crop Straw machine mainly contains hammer pawl formula, Y type flail knife formula and straight knife type three types at present, and is not with pickup.While carrying out straw-returning operation, mostly take single supporting or pulverize without supporting, having considerable stalk to be torn, fiber is long.In the time of the operation of irregular earth's surface, part stalk easily falls to the ground, and hammer pawl or blade very easily contact with soil, and comparatively fast, power consumption is larger in wearing and tearing.The poor quality of straw-returning, in the time carrying out soil cultivation, can increase difficulty and the power consumption of rake straw, and while arable land with mouldboard plow, stalk can not be buried completely, directly affects the sowing of wheat; If implementation conservation tillage, wheat no-tillage planter is easily blocked, can affect equally seeding quality, even causes pressure seedling.
(3) summary of the invention
For the problems referred to above, the utility model provides a kind of saw disc type straw crushing and field-returning machine, can carry out that crop stem cuts off, straw field pickup and chopping and returning simultaneously.Overcome that existing field-returning machine tool wear is serious, operation power consumption large, pulverize the deficiencies such as incomplete.
A kind of saw disc type straw crushing and field-returning machine, comprises that saw disc cutter formula straw crushing and field-returning machine is by stem stalk cutting hobbing cutter assembly, straw pickup, pulverizing chamber, pack roller and transmission system; Described stem stalk cutting hobbing cutter assembly, straw pickup and saw disc cutter are arranged on the side plate on field-returning machine both sides, and are connected with transmission system.Pickup pin, pulverizing chamber upper casing, hanger bracket, gearbox are arranged on the top of field-returning machine; The transmission systems such as field-returning machine right plate, field-returning machine left plate and belt pulley, sprocket wheel are arranged on the both sides of field-returning machine.Field-returning machine connects by hanger bracket and tractor, and the power of tractor output is distributed to transmission system by gearbox.The pin of pickup top plays certain compaction to stalk, in order to avoid stalk splashes everywhere.Cutter shaft is arranged on field-returning machine side plate by cutter bearing.
Wherein, described stem stalk cutting hobbing cutter assembly comprises cutter bearing, blade, blade fastening bolt, hobboing cutter cutter shaft and hobboing cutter belt pulley, and hobboing cutter belt pulley drives hobboing cutter rotation, and crop stem is cut off from root, picks up in order to pickup.Hobboing cutter terrain clearance can regulate, to avoid cutting soil.
Described straw pickup comprises elastic claw, elastic claw installation shaft, D type slideway and pickup axle, and the terrain clearance of straw pickup elastic claw can regulate; Pulverizing chamber comprises shell, be fixed on and determine tooth, two groups of saw disc cuttves and cutter shaft thereof on shell; Two groups of saw disc cuttves are active saw disc blade and driven saw disc cutter blade, be fixed at regular intervals on active saw disc cutter cutter shaft and driven saw disc cutter cutter shaft by active saw disc cutter spacer sleeve and driven saw disc cutter spacer sleeve respectively, two groups of saw disc cuttves are staggered, cooperatively interact, pass through high speed rotating, crops straw is carried out to have to support and shear, pulverize, and go back field on the spot.Initiatively saw disc cutter cutter shaft and driven saw disc cutter cutter shaft are arranged on field-returning machine left side plate by bearing respectively.
Described pickup elastic claw is fixed in elastic claw installation shaft by set bolt.Elastic claw installation shaft is arranged on fixed disc, drives its rotation by pickup axle.And the connecting lever of elastic claw installation shaft one end and roller move in D shape slideway, make elastic claw installation shaft self also have certain rotation, thereby while making elastic claw and overhanging, time and shrink, to complete straw field pickup, lifting, propelling movement action, by the stalk feeding pulverizing chamber of picking up.
Described pack roller is arranged on field-returning machine back, for by the stalk compacting after pulverizing, and plays depth stop effect, ensures that field-returning machine has certain road clearance.Gearbox band right side belt pulley to counter pulley, drives saw disc swivel moving by saw disc cutter tooth wheel a and saw disc cutter tooth wheel b transmission of power.
Described transmission system comprises gearbox, belt pulley and sprocket wheel, arrives the workpieces such as hobboing cutter, pickup, saw disc cutter for the power distribution that tractor transmission is come.Gearbox left side belt pulley to pickup belt pulley and hobboing cutter belt pulley, drives respectively pickup and hobboing cutter by transmission of power.
When work, first stem stalk cutting hobbing cutter cuts off crop stem, picks up in order to pickup.Pulverizing chamber is picked up and sent into the pickup stalk that will break, and two groups of saw disc cuttves in pulverizing chamber relatively rotate, and by the sawtooth of cutting disc, stalk sheared brokenly, and throws go back to ground.Pack roller is arranged on the back of field-returning machine, for by the stalk compacting after pulverizing, and plays depth stop effect.
The beneficial effects of the utility model are, the crop stem after harvesting is cut off from root, then by pickup, straw field pickup is got up, and then in pulverizing chamber, have to support to pulverize and field also on the spot.By picking up, can avoid stalk omission, saw disc cutter to bury or be with soil to pulverize, the wearing and tearing that alleviate saw disc cutter; Take to support and pulverized, can reduce operation power consumption, and the stalk of different moisture content is all had to stronger cutting power, guaranteed straw chopping and returning quality.
(4) brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 saw disc type straw crushing and field-returning machine structure;
Fig. 2 stem stalk cutting hobbing cutter;
Fig. 3 pickup rotor;
Fig. 4 pickup end face;
Fig. 5 saw disc knife structure schematic diagram;
Fig. 6 saw disc type straw crushing and field-returning machine right side;
1. stem stalk cutting hobbing cutter assemblies in figure, 2. straw pickup, 3. straw pickup backplate, 4. straw pickup pin, 5. field-returning machine right plate, 6. pulverizing chamber upper casing, 7. saw disc cutter, 8. hanger bracket, 9. gearbox, 10. output shaft of gear-box, 11. field-returning machine left plates, 12. transmission systems, 13. cutter bearings, 14. hobboing cutter blades, 15. set bolts, 16. cutter shafts, 17. hobboing cutter belt pulleys, 18. fixed discs, 19. pickup elastic claws, 20. elastic claw installation shaft, 21. elastic claw set bolts, 22. connecting levers, 23. rollers, 24. pickup axles, 25.D shape slideway, 26. pickup backplate fixed mounts, 27. pickup side plates, 28. active saw disc cutter blades, 29. active saw disc cutter spacer sleeves, 30. active saw disc cutter cutter shafts, 31. driven saw disc cutter blades, 32. driven saw disc cutter spacer sleeves, 33. driven saw disc cutter cutter shafts, 34. saw disc cutter shafts hold, 35. tensioning apparatus, 36. pack rollers, 37. counter pulleys, 38. saw disc cutter tooth wheel a, 39. saw disc cutter tooth wheel b, 40. gearbox right side belt pulleys.
(5) embodiment
In Fig. 1, saw disc cutter formula straw crushing and field-returning machine is mainly made up of stem stalk cutting hobbing cutter assembly (1), straw pickup (2), pulverizing chamber upper casing (6), saw disc cutter (7) and hanger bracket (8), gearbox (9), pack roller, transmission system (12) etc.The foremost of field-returning machine is stem stalk cutting hobbing cutter (1), is followed successively by backward straw pickup (2), saw disc cutter (7), is backmost pack roller; Pickup pin (4), pulverizing chamber upper casing (6), hanger bracket (8), gearbox (9) above; Both sides are the transmission systems (12) such as field-returning machine right plate (5), left plate (11) and belt pulley, sprocket wheel.In pulverizing chamber, mainly formed by pulverizing chamber upper casing (6), saw disc cutter (7) and left side plate (11,5).Saw disc cutter claims again circular saw, divides initiatively and driven two groups, fixes respectively on two cutter shafts.Stem stalk cutting hobbing cutter assembly (1), straw pickup (2) and saw disc cutter (7) are all arranged on the side plate on field-returning machine both sides by bearing, and are connected with transmission system (12).Field-returning machine connects by hanger bracket (8) and tractor, and the power of tractor output is distributed to transmission system (12) by gearbox (9).The pin (4) of pickup (2) top plays certain compaction to stalk, in order to avoid stalk splashes everywhere.
In Fig. 2, stem stalk cutting hobbing cutter assembly mainly comprises cutter bearing (13), blade (14), blade fastening bolt (15), hobboing cutter cutter shaft (16), hobboing cutter belt pulley (17), and cutter shaft (16) is installed on field-returning machine side plate by bearing (13).Hobboing cutter belt pulley (17) drives hobboing cutter rotation, and crop stem is cut off from root, picks up in order to pickup (2).Hobboing cutter terrain clearance can regulate, to avoid cutting soil.
In Fig. 3, Fig. 4, pickup elastic claw (19) is fixed in elastic claw installation shaft (20) by set bolt (21).It is upper that elastic claw installation shaft (20) is arranged on fixed disc (18), drives its rotation by pickup axle (24).And the connecting lever (22) of elastic claw installation shaft (20) one end and roller (23) move in D shape slideway (25), make elastic claw installation shaft (20) self also have certain rotation, thereby while making elastic claw and overhanging, time and shrink, to complete straw field pickup, lifting, propelling movement action, by the stalk feeding pulverizing chamber (6) of picking up.
In Fig. 5, reducing mechanism is two groups of saw disc cuttves, and cutter shaft (30,33) is arranged on field-returning machine left side plate by bearing (34).Cutter shaft (30,33) is square shaft, initiatively saw disc (28) and driven saw disc (31) are fixed on cutter shaft (30,33) by certain interval by spacer sleeve (29,32) respectively, and be staggered, cooperatively interact, pass through high speed rotating, crops straw is carried out to have to support and shear, pulverize, and go back field on the spot.
In Fig. 6, pack roller (36) is arranged on field-returning machine back, for by the stalk compacting after pulverizing, and plays depth stop effect, ensures that field-returning machine has certain road clearance.Gearbox band right side belt pulley (40) to counter pulley (37), drives saw disc swivel moving by gear (38,39) transmission of power.
Gearbox left side belt pulley to pickup belt pulley and hobboing cutter belt pulley (17), drives respectively pickup and hobboing cutter by transmission of power.

Claims (1)

1. a saw disc type straw crushing and field-returning machine, is characterized in that comprising stem stalk cutting hobbing cutter assembly, straw pickup, pulverizing chamber, pack roller and transmission system; Described stem stalk cutting hobbing cutter assembly, straw pickup and saw disc cutter are arranged on the side plate on field-returning machine both sides, and are connected with transmission system; Pickup pin, pulverizing chamber upper casing, hanger bracket, gearbox are arranged on the top of field-returning machine; The transmission systems such as field-returning machine right plate, field-returning machine left plate and belt pulley, sprocket wheel are arranged on the both sides of field-returning machine; Field-returning machine connects by hanger bracket and tractor, and the power of tractor output is distributed to transmission system by gearbox; Cutter shaft is arranged on field-returning machine side plate by cutter bearing;
Described stem stalk cutting hobbing cutter assembly comprises cutter bearing, blade, blade fastening bolt, hobboing cutter cutter shaft and hobboing cutter belt pulley, and hobboing cutter belt pulley drives hobboing cutter rotation, and crop stem is cut off from root, picks up in order to pickup; Hobboing cutter terrain clearance is adjustable;
Described straw pickup comprises elastic claw, elastic claw installation shaft, D type slideway and pickup axle, and the terrain clearance of straw pickup elastic claw is adjustable; Pulverizing chamber comprises shell, be fixed on and determine tooth, two groups of saw disc cuttves and cutter shaft thereof on shell; Two groups of saw disc cuttves are active saw disc blade and driven saw disc cutter blade, be fixed at regular intervals on active saw disc cutter cutter shaft and driven saw disc cutter cutter shaft by active saw disc cutter spacer sleeve and driven saw disc cutter spacer sleeve respectively, two groups of saw disc cuttves are staggered, cooperatively interact; Initiatively saw disc cutter cutter shaft and driven saw disc cutter cutter shaft are arranged on field-returning machine left side plate by bearing respectively;
Described pickup elastic claw is fixed in elastic claw installation shaft by set bolt; Elastic claw installation shaft is arranged on fixed disc, drives its rotation by pickup axle; And the connecting lever of elastic claw installation shaft one end and roller move in D shape slideway, make elastic claw installation shaft self also have certain rotation, by the stalk feeding pulverizing chamber of picking up;
Described pack roller is arranged on field-returning machine back, plays depth stop effect; Gearbox band right side belt pulley to counter pulley, drives saw disc swivel moving by saw disc cutter tooth wheel a and saw disc cutter tooth wheel b transmission of power;
Described transmission system comprises gearbox, belt pulley and sprocket wheel, for power being provided to hobboing cutter, pickup and saw disc cutter; Gearbox left side belt pulley to pickup belt pulley and hobboing cutter belt pulley, drives respectively pickup and hobboing cutter by transmission of power.
CN201320881215.XU 2013-12-30 2013-12-30 Saw disc type straw smashing and recycling machine Expired - Fee Related CN203633177U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201320881215.XU CN203633177U (en) 2013-12-30 2013-12-30 Saw disc type straw smashing and recycling machine

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201320881215.XU CN203633177U (en) 2013-12-30 2013-12-30 Saw disc type straw smashing and recycling machine

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN203633177U true CN203633177U (en) 2014-06-11

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ID=50864477

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201320881215.XU Expired - Fee Related CN203633177U (en) 2013-12-30 2013-12-30 Saw disc type straw smashing and recycling machine

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104521449A (en) * 2014-12-31 2015-04-22 广西钦州力顺机械有限公司 Banana stalk shattering and returning machine with integrated power transmission device
CN111034456A (en) * 2019-12-24 2020-04-21 泗县伟达农机具有限公司 Double-shaft straw crushing and returning machine

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104521449A (en) * 2014-12-31 2015-04-22 广西钦州力顺机械有限公司 Banana stalk shattering and returning machine with integrated power transmission device
CN111034456A (en) * 2019-12-24 2020-04-21 泗县伟达农机具有限公司 Double-shaft straw crushing and returning machine

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GR01 Patent grant
EXPY Termination of patent right or utility model
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20140611

Termination date: 20141230