CN204498894U - Floating on water surface fruit and vegetable greenhouses device - Google Patents

Floating on water surface fruit and vegetable greenhouses device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN204498894U
CN204498894U CN201520056647.6U CN201520056647U CN204498894U CN 204498894 U CN204498894 U CN 204498894U CN 201520056647 U CN201520056647 U CN 201520056647U CN 204498894 U CN204498894 U CN 204498894U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
water
booth
floating
cultivating groove
framework
Prior art date
Application number
CN201520056647.6U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
董晓宁
张晓佩
刘远
李文杨
陈鑫珠
高承芳
Original Assignee
福建省农业科学院畜牧兽医研究所
董晓宁
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Application filed by 福建省农业科学院畜牧兽医研究所, 董晓宁 filed Critical 福建省农业科学院畜牧兽医研究所
Priority to CN201520056647.6U priority Critical patent/CN204498894U/en
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Publication of CN204498894U publication Critical patent/CN204498894U/en

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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/10Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in agriculture
    • Y02A40/25Greenhouse technology, e.g. cooling systems therefor

Abstract

The utility model relates to a kind of floating on water surface fruit and vegetable greenhouses device, comprise the framework be placed in water, described base of frame is provided with and makes it swim in buoyant device on the water surface, described framework is provided with booth, the top of described booth is coated with cover layer, the two side of this booth is provided with cover layer roller shutter, the two ends of booth are provided with hermatic door, the all sides of described framework are provided with multiple capstan winch, described capstan winch is wound with rope, the other end of described rope is connected to anchor, bulk stone or fill on the basket basket of stone, culturing device is provided with in described booth, described culturing device comprises cultivating groove and the drip irrigation system of splendid attire matrix.This device utilizes the water surface to develop facility plantation agricultural, can save a large amount of land resources, start a kind of novel breeding binding pattern, have huge development space and potentiality.

Description

Floating on water surface fruit and vegetable greenhouses device
Technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of floating on water surface fruit and vegetable greenhouses device.
Background technology
Industrialized agriculture is at environment facies under controlled condition, adopts engineering means, carries out a kind of modern agriculture mode of animals and plants High-efficient Production.Industrialized agriculture contains facility plantation, facility cultivation and facility edible mushroom etc.More than 85% of China's industrialized agriculture area Yi Zhan world gross area in 2012, wherein more than 95% is utilize polyolefin green house film to cover.China's industrialized agriculture has become the maximum engineering utilizing solar energy in the world, absolute quantity advantage makes China's industrialized agriculture inlet rotten change transition phase, technical merit is more and more close to advanced international standard, facility cultivation is 3.5 times of outdoor plantation output, China's per capita area of cultivated farmland Jin You world Per capita area 40%, development industrialized agriculture solves China to have a large population and a few land the most effective technology engineering of restriction sustainable development.
South China most area, mountain is manyly few, and land resources is very precious, and mostly is terraced fields, and plot is little, out-of-shape, and hill path is rugged, has inconvenient traffic.Industrialized agriculture great development will take a large amount of good farmland, and my southern area has abundant water surface resource, the current water surface utilizes and mainly concentrates in aquaculture, and the utilization in plantation is still in the elementary step, has huge plant development potentiality and plays not yet.Large area makes full use of the water surface, implements multi-storied agriculture, and breeding combines, and is just equivalent to produce thousand hectares of ten thousand mu of good farmlands.The water surface builds floating booth, and implement substrate culture, breed fish under water, be a tool facility three dimensional-planting-breeding with broad prospects for development agriculture management pattern, the utility model is exactly a kind of novel practical device researched and developed for starting this pattern.
Utility model content
The utility model makes improvement for above-mentioned prior art Problems existing, and namely technical problem to be solved in the utility model is to provide a kind of floating on water surface fruit and vegetable greenhouses device, and structure is simple, easy to use, effectively utilizes aquatic environment, reduces planting cost.
In order to solve the problems of the technologies described above, the technical solution of the utility model is: a kind of floating on water surface fruit and vegetable greenhouses device, comprise the framework be placed in water, described base of frame is provided with and makes it swim in buoyant device on the water surface, described framework is provided with booth, the top of described booth is coated with cover layer, the two side of this booth is provided with cover layer roller shutter, the two ends of booth are provided with hermatic door, the all sides of described framework are provided with multiple capstan winch, described capstan winch is wound with rope, the other end of described rope is connected to anchor, bulk stone or fill on the basket basket of stone, culturing device is provided with in described booth, described culturing device comprises cultivating groove and the drip irrigation system of splendid attire matrix.
Further, described framework bamboo pole connects into rectangular-shaped, and the diagonally opposing corner steel wire rope tractive of described framework is fixing with anti-deformation.
Further, described buoyant device is polyurethane foam, epoxy foams, expanded polyethylene foam or floating bucket, and described floating bucket is the empty bucket of plastics or metal sealing.
Further, the skeleton of described booth two side is provided with fixing gauze.
Further, described cultivating groove duroplasts makes elongate body square groove, or is made into channel-shaped with thick bamboo tube, and described cultivating groove is interconnected, and is provided with some draining apertures bottom described cultivating groove.
Further, described drip irrigation system comprises transfusion tank, dropper, water receiving tank, the liquid storage tank of storage culture fluid and water pump, described transfusion tank is arranged higher than cultivating groove, described liquid storage tank is arranged lower than cultivating groove, described water receiving tank is arranged on below cultivating groove, described dropper one end connects transfusion tank, the other end is connected with many branched pipes, the outlet uniform intervals of each branched pipe is arranged in above cultivating groove, the culture fluid of liquid storage tank is pumped to transfusion tank by described water pump, the liquid pools that cultivating groove oozes out by water receiving tank is to liquid storage tank, the water inlet of described water pump is provided with gauze filter, described culture fluid is the nutrient solution of water-fertilizer integral.
Compared with prior art, the utility model has following beneficial effect:
1, utilize the water surface to develop facility plantation agricultural, a large amount of land resources can be saved, start a kind of novel breeding binding pattern, there are huge development space and potentiality;
2, the cladding material of solar energy can be utilized to greatest extent and can effectively regulate the water surface of Features of Microclimate In Plastic to organically combine, accomplish high transparency height insulation cold season, hot season can temp .-lowering heatstroke, creates advantageously in the ecotope of fruit-vegetable plant growth;
3, fruits and vegetables cauline leaf can be fish and provides first-class bait, recycles, increases income;
4, flotation gear trellis arranges and not only can not cover the water surface, and the shake gently of greenhouse device, and flotation gear by oxygen enrichment surface water press-in internal layer, thus increases water oxygen gas, improves ecotope in water;
5, invest low, output is high, remarkable in economical benefits;
6, applied widely, be applicable to the waters such as rivers, lake, reservoir, fish pond.
Below in conjunction with the drawings and specific embodiments, the utility model is described in more detail.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the structure schematic front view of the utility model embodiment.
In figure: 1-framework, 2-booth, 21-hermatic door, 3-buoyant device, 4-rope.
Embodiment
Embodiment one: as shown in Figure 1, a kind of floating on water surface fruit and vegetable greenhouses device, comprise the framework 1 be placed in water, be provided with bottom described framework 1 and make it swim in buoyant device 3 on the water surface, described framework 1 is provided with booth 2, the top of described booth 2 is coated with cover layer, the two side of this booth 2 is provided with cover layer roller shutter, the two ends of booth 2 are provided with hermatic door 21, described framework 1 week side is provided with multiple capstan winch, described capstan winch is wound with rope 4, the other end of described rope 4 is connected to anchor, bulk stone or fill on the basket basket of stone, culturing device is provided with in described booth 2, described culturing device comprises cultivating groove and the drip irrigation system of splendid attire matrix.
In the present embodiment, described framework 1 connects into rectangular-shaped with bamboo pole, and described framework 1 between two diagonally opposing corner steel wire rope tractive is fixing with anti-deformation.
In the present embodiment, described buoyant device 3 is polyurethane foam, epoxy foams, expanded polyethylene foam or floating bucket, and described floating bucket is the empty bucket of plastics or metal sealing.
In the present embodiment, the skeleton of described booth 1 two side is provided with fixing gauze, can prevents mosquito from flying in booth.
In the present embodiment, described cultivating groove duroplasts makes elongate body square groove, or is made into channel-shaped with thick bamboo tube, and described cultivating groove is interconnected, and is provided with some draining apertures bottom described cultivating groove.
In the present embodiment, described drip irrigation system comprises transfusion tank, dropper, water receiving tank, the liquid storage tank of storage culture fluid and water pump, described transfusion tank arranges 100cm higher than cultivating groove, described liquid storage tank is arranged lower than cultivating groove, described water receiving tank is arranged on below cultivating groove, described dropper one end connects transfusion tank, the other end is connected with many branched pipes, the outlet uniform intervals of each branched pipe is arranged in above cultivating groove, the culture fluid of liquid storage tank is pumped to transfusion tank by described water pump, the liquid pools that cultivating groove oozes out by water receiving tank is to liquid storage tank, the water inlet of described water pump is provided with gauze filter, described culture fluid is the nutrient solution of water-fertilizer integral.
In the present embodiment, matrix adopts fermentation bed stock keeping fowl expense to abandon bedding and padding or with raw materials such as the cocoa husks of the broken tangerine bar of sawdust, wood chip, hand hay cutter and pulverizing, be equipped with a small amount of sand and crude salt, interpolation microbial bacteria is formulated.
The foregoing is only preferred embodiment of the present utility model, all equalizations done according to the utility model claim change and modify, and all should belong to covering scope of the present utility model.

Claims (6)

1. a floating on water surface fruit and vegetable greenhouses device, it is characterized in that: comprise the framework be placed in water, described base of frame is provided with and makes it swim in buoyant device on the water surface, described framework is provided with booth, the top of described booth is coated with cover layer, the two side of this booth is provided with cover layer roller shutter, the two ends of booth are provided with hermatic door, the all sides of described framework are provided with multiple capstan winch, described capstan winch is wound with rope, the other end of described rope is connected to anchor, bulk stone or fill on the basket basket of stone, culturing device is provided with in described booth, described culturing device comprises cultivating groove and the drip irrigation system of splendid attire matrix.
2. floating on water surface fruit and vegetable greenhouses device according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described framework bamboo pole connects into rectangular-shaped, and the diagonally opposing corner steel wire rope tractive of described framework is fixing with anti-deformation.
3. floating on water surface fruit and vegetable greenhouses device according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described buoyant device is polyurethane foam, epoxy foams, expanded polyethylene foam or floating bucket, and described floating bucket is the empty bucket of plastics or metal sealing.
4. floating on water surface fruit and vegetable greenhouses device according to claim 1, is characterized in that: the skeleton of described booth two side is provided with fixing gauze.
5. floating on water surface fruit and vegetable greenhouses device according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described cultivating groove duroplasts makes elongate body square groove, or is made into channel-shaped with thick bamboo tube, and described cultivating groove is interconnected, is provided with some draining apertures bottom described cultivating groove.
6. floating on water surface fruit and vegetable greenhouses device according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described drip irrigation system comprises transfusion tank, dropper, water receiving tank, the liquid storage tank of storage culture fluid and water pump, described transfusion tank is arranged higher than cultivating groove, described liquid storage tank is arranged lower than cultivating groove, described water receiving tank is arranged on below cultivating groove, described dropper one end connects transfusion tank, the other end is connected with many branched pipes, the outlet uniform intervals of each branched pipe is arranged in above cultivating groove, the culture fluid of liquid storage tank is pumped to transfusion tank by described water pump, the liquid pools that cultivating groove oozes out by water receiving tank is to liquid storage tank, the water inlet of described water pump is provided with gauze filter, described culture fluid is the nutrient solution of water-fertilizer integral.
CN201520056647.6U 2015-01-28 2015-01-28 Floating on water surface fruit and vegetable greenhouses device CN204498894U (en)

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Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105141222A (en) * 2015-09-02 2015-12-09 江苏蓝天光伏科技有限公司 Water-floating agriculture-light-complementary photovoltaic generating apparatus
CN105850565A (en) * 2016-05-13 2016-08-17 李香萱 Device for planting terrestrial plants on water
CN106386224A (en) * 2016-08-31 2017-02-15 华艺生态园林股份有限公司 Small size underwater ecological garden
CN106390538A (en) * 2016-09-27 2017-02-15 符放中 Livestock farm liquid manure treatment method and device
CN110733610A (en) * 2019-10-12 2020-01-31 武汉理工大学 combined assembled offshore greenhouse platform

Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105141222A (en) * 2015-09-02 2015-12-09 江苏蓝天光伏科技有限公司 Water-floating agriculture-light-complementary photovoltaic generating apparatus
CN105141222B (en) * 2015-09-02 2017-12-22 江苏蓝天光伏科技有限公司 Overwater-floating floating agriculture light complementary type photovoltaic power generation apparatus
CN105850565A (en) * 2016-05-13 2016-08-17 李香萱 Device for planting terrestrial plants on water
CN105850565B (en) * 2016-05-13 2019-03-08 李香萱 A kind of device of Water cultivating terrestrial plant
CN106386224A (en) * 2016-08-31 2017-02-15 华艺生态园林股份有限公司 Small size underwater ecological garden
CN106390538A (en) * 2016-09-27 2017-02-15 符放中 Livestock farm liquid manure treatment method and device
CN110733610A (en) * 2019-10-12 2020-01-31 武汉理工大学 combined assembled offshore greenhouse platform

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Granted publication date: 20150729

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