CN105141222A - Water-floating agriculture-light-complementary photovoltaic generating apparatus - Google Patents

Water-floating agriculture-light-complementary photovoltaic generating apparatus Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105141222A
CN105141222A CN201510553645.2A CN201510553645A CN105141222A CN 105141222 A CN105141222 A CN 105141222A CN 201510553645 A CN201510553645 A CN 201510553645A CN 105141222 A CN105141222 A CN 105141222A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
hull
floating
overwater
power generation
booth
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CN201510553645.2A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN105141222B (en
Inventor
庄丽
王慧
赵荣俊
瞿建国
史君海
王以付
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江苏蓝天光伏科技有限公司
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Priority to CN201510553645.2A priority Critical patent/CN105141222B/en
Publication of CN105141222A publication Critical patent/CN105141222A/en
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/10Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in agriculture
    • Y02A40/22Improving land use; Improving water use or availability; Controlling erosion
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/50Photovoltaic [PV] energy
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P60/00Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries
    • Y02P60/12Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries using renewable energies, e.g. solar water pumping

Abstract

The invention discloses a water-floating agriculture-light-complementary photovoltaic generating apparatus comprising a plurality of boat bodies, greenhouses, and photovoltaic assemblies. The plurality of boat bodies are connected through connecting devices. Each boat body is provided with a plurality of groups of vertical columns. Each vertical column is equipped with a photovoltaic support. The photovoltaic support is provided with the photovoltaic assembly. Each boat body is provided with an on-boat greenhouse in which land plants are planted. Inter-boat greenhouses are arranged between the boat bodies. Aquatic plants are planted in the water between the boat bodies, namely in the inter-boat body greenhouses. Soil is laid in the boat bodies. Steel wire gauze concrete boats are used as floating bodies so as to achieve low cost. Multiple photovoltaic assemblies can be placed on each boat. The water-floating agriculture-light-complementary photovoltaic generating apparatus is simple in process and easy to implement, achieves power generation and plantation, and improves resource utilization rate.

Description

Overwater-floating floating agriculture light complementary type photovoltaic power generation apparatus
Technical field
The invention belongs to solar-photovoltaic technology field, particularly a kind of Overwater-floating floating agriculture light complementary type photovoltaic power generation apparatus.
Background technology
Solar power generation is a kind of emerging regenerative resource, because of noiselessness, the favor that pollution-free, the construction period is short, the advantage such as safe and reliable is subject to more and more people, is widely used, for alleviating energy shortage and problem of environmental pollution provides new outlet.
Solar energy power generating is according to photovoltaic effect principle, utilizes solar cell that solar energy is converted into electric energy.Solar photovoltaic generation system comprises solar cell board component, controller and inverter, is divided into grid-connected and from net photovoltaic generating system by the relation of system and electrical network.Although this generation mode advantage is more, we have also discovered some shortcomings, need very large floor space as set up a solar power plant.Along with increasing substantially of world population, the problems such as land resource shortage are day by day serious, and Overwater-floating floating photovoltaic generating system breaches the restriction that land resource is applied photovoltaic generation effectively, it can be arranged on the waters surface such as reservoir, lake, pond and water treatment plant, and this is concerning land resource scarcity but be even more important the numerous countries and regions of water body.Overwater-floating floating photovoltaic generating system can reduce the evaporation capacity in waters, and special picture reservoir etc., can reduce the breeding etc. of algae in water.
It is water floating body device that current researcher studies more, it is the core of Overwater-floating floating photovoltaic power generation apparatus, one of innovative point of this patent adopts ferro-cement boat as buoyancy aid, it is bundled into skeleton with reinforcing bar and steel wire, the inside and outside boats and ships smearing cement, there is the feature such as corrosion resistance and durability, be widely used in agriculture ship, fishing boat and ships that transport etc.Implement the innovative point that agriculture light complementary type photovoltaic generating system is also this patent on the water, the complementation of agriculture light utilizes the feature of the pollution-free zero discharge of solar energy power generating, organically combine with high-tech booth, namely on the some or all of sunny slope of booth, photovoltaic solar Blast Furnace Top Gas Recovery Turbine Unit (TRT) is laid, realize generating plantation to neglect neither, improve resource utilization.Employing ferro-cement boat not similar at present, as buoyancy aid, realizes the patent of agriculture light complementary type photovoltaic generation on the water.
Existing water floating body cost is higher and mostly be the form that one piece of buoyancy aid puts a string photovoltaic module, and manufacture craft is loaded down with trivial details; Existing Overwater-floating floating photovoltaic generating system can only generate electricity, and cost is high, uneconomical.
Summary of the invention
Goal of the invention: the invention provides a kind of Overwater-floating floating agriculture light complementary type photovoltaic power generation apparatus, can only generate electricity to solve Overwater-floating floating photovoltaic generating system in prior art, cost is high, uneconomic problem.
Technical scheme: to achieve these goals, the present invention by the following technical solutions:
A kind of Overwater-floating floating agriculture light complementary type photovoltaic power generation apparatus, comprise several hulls, booth and photovoltaic module, several hulls described are connected by jockey, each hull is provided with some groups of columns, each column is all provided with photovoltaic bracket, photovoltaic bracket is provided with photovoltaic module;
Each hull is provided with booth on ship, ship is planted in booth and is implanted with autochthonal plant, between hull, be provided with booth between hull, in the water between hull, namely plant in booth between hull and be implanted with water plant;
Soil is equipped with in described hull.
Further, described jockey is made up of built-in fitting and connector, and wherein the both sides of every root lateral keel and the longitudinal keel of every root are equipped with several built-in fittings, and described connector hooks the built-in fitting of adjacent vessels relevant position.
Further, the connecting part of described built-in fitting and connector is provided with annulus, and annulus can buckle mutually.
Further, described each hull is provided with some lateral keel 2 and some longitudinal keel, and is arranged in all uniformly on hull; And lateral keel 2 and longitudinal keel 3 orthogonal.
Further, described each hull surrounding is also provided with several hull fixtures; Described hull fixture is drill rod or anchor.
Further, booth is coated with plastic film with described ship, forms the material shed of arch-shaped.
Further, between described hull, booth is coated with plastic film, and the plane parallel of the plastic film be covered between hull on booth and hull.
Further, described column is arranged on hull uniformly; And described column and photovoltaic bracket all adopt steel.
Preferably, described autochthonal plant is growing plants in soil.
Preferably, described water plant is growing plants in water.
Preferably, described hull is ferro-cement boat.
Beneficial effect: the present invention adopts ferro-cement boat as buoyancy aid, cost is lower, a ship can put more optical crosstalk photovoltaic assembly, and technique is simple, and it is convenient to implement.Implement agriculture light complementary type photovoltaic generating system on the water, realize generating plantation and neglect neither, improve resource utilization.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is design sketch of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is single bottom body structure schematic diagram of the present invention;
Fig. 3 is structural representation of the present invention;
Fig. 4 is the structural representation of built-in fitting of the present invention and connector;
Wherein: 1-hull, 2-lateral keel, the longitudinal keel of 3-, 4-hull fixture, 5-built-in fitting, 7-connector, booth on 9-ship, 10-column, 11-photovoltaic bracket, the autochthonal plant of 12-, booth between 13-hull, 14-water plant, 15-photovoltaic module.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, the present invention is further described.
As Figure 1-4, a kind of Overwater-floating floating agriculture light complementary type photovoltaic power generation apparatus, comprise several hulls, booth and photovoltaic module, several hulls 1 described are connected by jockey, each hull is provided with some groups of columns 10, each column 10 is all provided with photovoltaic bracket 11, photovoltaic bracket 11 is provided with photovoltaic module 15;
Each hull 1 is provided with booth 9 on ship, ship is planted in booth 9 and is implanted with autochthonal plant 12, between hull, be provided with booth 13 between hull, in the water between hull 1, namely plant in booth 13 between hull and be implanted with water plant 14;
Soil is equipped with in described hull 1.
Described jockey is made up of built-in fitting 5 and connector 7, and wherein the both sides of every root lateral keel 2 and the longitudinal keel 3 of every root are equipped with several built-in fittings 5, and described connector 7 hooks the built-in fitting 5 of relevant position in adjacent vessels 1.
The connecting part of described built-in fitting 5 and connector 7 is provided with annulus, and annulus can buckle mutually; Described connector is wirerope, by the steel tendon of many multistrand ropes around a fibre core or Steel cord twisting, pre-stretch-draw is carried out before use by manufactory or steel cable factory, namely certain power is loaded and certain time at the two ends of wirerope, specifically depending on the specifications and models of wirerope, make it to reach stable state in advance.
Described each hull 1 is provided with some lateral keel 2 and some longitudinal keel 3, and is arranged on hull 1 all uniformly; And lateral keel 2 and longitudinal keel 3 orthogonal.
Described each hull 1 surrounding is also provided with several hull fixtures; Described hull fixture 4 is drill rod or anchor, and hull fixture is waterborne for being fixed on by hull.
Booth 9 is coated with plastic film with described ship, forms the material shed of arch-shaped.
Between described hull, booth 13 is coated with plastic film, and the plane parallel of the plastic film be covered between hull on booth 13 and hull 1, not arch camber.
Described column 10 is arranged on hull 1 uniformly; And described column 10 and photovoltaic bracket 11 all adopt steel.
Described autochthonal plant 12 is growing plants in soil, and meets the autochthonal plant of illumination requirement.
Described water plant 14 is growing plants in water, and meets the product of illumination requirement.
Described hull 1 is ferro-cement boat, and hull 1 is bundled into skeleton with reinforcing bar and steel wire, the inside and outside boats and ships smearing cement.
The above is only the preferred embodiment of the present invention; be noted that for those skilled in the art; under the premise without departing from the principles of the invention, can also make some improvements and modifications, these improvements and modifications also should be considered as protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (10)

1. an Overwater-floating floating agriculture light complementary type photovoltaic power generation apparatus, comprise several hulls, booth and photovoltaic module, it is characterized in that: described several hulls (1) are connected by jockey, each hull is provided with some groups of columns (10), each column (10) is all provided with photovoltaic bracket (11), photovoltaic bracket (11) is provided with photovoltaic module (15);
Each hull (1) is provided with booth on ship (9), ship is planted in booth (9) and is implanted with autochthonal plant (12), booth between hull (13) is provided with between hull, in water between hull (1), namely plant in booth (13) between hull and be implanted with water plant 14);
Described hull is equipped with soil in (1).
2. Overwater-floating floating agriculture light complementary type photovoltaic power generation apparatus according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described jockey is made up of built-in fitting (5) and connector (7), wherein the both sides of every root lateral keel (2) and the longitudinal keel (3) of every root are equipped with several built-in fittings (5), and described connector (7) hooks the built-in fitting (5) of the upper relevant position of adjacent vessels (1).
3. Overwater-floating floating agriculture light complementary type photovoltaic power generation apparatus according to claim 2, is characterized in that: the connecting part of described built-in fitting (5) and connector (7) is provided with annulus, and annulus can buckle mutually.
4. Overwater-floating floating agriculture light complementary type photovoltaic power generation apparatus according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described each hull (1) is provided with some lateral keel (2) and some longitudinal keel (3), and is arranged on hull (1) all uniformly; And lateral keel (2) and longitudinal keel (3) orthogonal.
5. Overwater-floating floating agriculture light complementary type photovoltaic power generation apparatus according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described each hull (1) surrounding is also provided with several hull fixtures; Described hull fixture (4) is drill rod or anchor.
6. Overwater-floating floating agriculture light complementary type photovoltaic power generation apparatus according to claim 1, is characterized in that: booth (9) is coated with plastic film with described ship, forms the material shed of arch-shaped; Between described hull, booth (13) is coated with plastic film, and the plane parallel of the plastic film be covered on booth between hull (13) and hull (1).
7. Overwater-floating floating agriculture light complementary type photovoltaic power generation apparatus according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described column (10) is arranged on hull (1) uniformly; And described column (10) and photovoltaic bracket (11) all adopt steel.
8. Overwater-floating floating agriculture light complementary type photovoltaic power generation apparatus according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described autochthonal plant (12) is growing plants in soil.
9. Overwater-floating floating agriculture light complementary type photovoltaic power generation apparatus according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described water plant (14) is growing plant in water.
10. Overwater-floating floating agriculture light complementary type photovoltaic power generation apparatus according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described hull (1) is ferro-cement boat.
CN201510553645.2A 2015-09-02 2015-09-02 Overwater-floating floating agriculture light complementary type photovoltaic power generation apparatus CN105141222B (en)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106712658A (en) * 2017-01-05 2017-05-24 上海佳豪船海工程研究设计有限公司 Power supply system and power supply method for automobile roll-on-roll-off ship

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CN2755001Y (en) * 2004-12-15 2006-02-01 陈国英 Interlinked gas-filled boat
CN1948672A (en) * 2006-10-24 2007-04-18 台州市金潮渔业发展有限公司 Umbrella type heat insulating canopy
CN201046759Y (en) * 2007-05-08 2008-04-16 雷明志 Hydraulic swinging-proof anti-sick ship
CN201201705Y (en) * 2008-04-03 2009-03-04 涂添水 Combined ship with double abreast ship hull
CN201378971Y (en) * 2009-03-27 2010-01-13 李金明 Water planting equipment
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CN102187795A (en) * 2011-04-19 2011-09-21 周旸鸥 Marine floating sunlight greenhouse with solar photovoltaic power generation system power supply device
CN202847981U (en) * 2012-10-18 2013-04-03 中水北方勘测设计研究有限责任公司 Trimaran dual power remote control surveying vessel
CN104186249A (en) * 2014-09-03 2014-12-10 江阴市船舶设备制造有限公司 Vegetable cultivation shed for ships
CN204498894U (en) * 2015-01-28 2015-07-29 福建省农业科学院畜牧兽医研究所 Floating on water surface fruit and vegetable greenhouses device
CN204993164U (en) * 2015-09-02 2016-01-20 江苏蓝天光伏科技有限公司 Showy formula on water farming light complementary type photovoltaic power generation device

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2755001Y (en) * 2004-12-15 2006-02-01 陈国英 Interlinked gas-filled boat
CN1948672A (en) * 2006-10-24 2007-04-18 台州市金潮渔业发展有限公司 Umbrella type heat insulating canopy
CN201046759Y (en) * 2007-05-08 2008-04-16 雷明志 Hydraulic swinging-proof anti-sick ship
CN201201705Y (en) * 2008-04-03 2009-03-04 涂添水 Combined ship with double abreast ship hull
CN201378971Y (en) * 2009-03-27 2010-01-13 李金明 Water planting equipment
NL2005108C2 (en) * 2010-03-05 2011-09-06 Delta Archineering B V Floating construction, method for providing, and use.
CN102187795A (en) * 2011-04-19 2011-09-21 周旸鸥 Marine floating sunlight greenhouse with solar photovoltaic power generation system power supply device
CN202847981U (en) * 2012-10-18 2013-04-03 中水北方勘测设计研究有限责任公司 Trimaran dual power remote control surveying vessel
CN104186249A (en) * 2014-09-03 2014-12-10 江阴市船舶设备制造有限公司 Vegetable cultivation shed for ships
CN204498894U (en) * 2015-01-28 2015-07-29 福建省农业科学院畜牧兽医研究所 Floating on water surface fruit and vegetable greenhouses device
CN204993164U (en) * 2015-09-02 2016-01-20 江苏蓝天光伏科技有限公司 Showy formula on water farming light complementary type photovoltaic power generation device

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106712658A (en) * 2017-01-05 2017-05-24 上海佳豪船海工程研究设计有限公司 Power supply system and power supply method for automobile roll-on-roll-off ship

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