CN110733610A - combined assembled offshore greenhouse platform - Google Patents

combined assembled offshore greenhouse platform Download PDF

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Publication number
CN110733610A
CN110733610A CN201910967769.3A CN201910967769A CN110733610A CN 110733610 A CN110733610 A CN 110733610A CN 201910967769 A CN201910967769 A CN 201910967769A CN 110733610 A CN110733610 A CN 110733610A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
floating
platform
greenhouse
floating platform
layer
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201910967769.3A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
黄俊红
罗忆
章光
李新平
宋凯文
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Wuhan University of Technology (WUT)
Original Assignee
Wuhan University of Technology (WUT)
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Wuhan University of Technology (WUT) filed Critical Wuhan University of Technology (WUT)
Priority to CN201910967769.3A priority Critical patent/CN110733610A/en
Publication of CN110733610A publication Critical patent/CN110733610A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B63SHIPS OR OTHER WATERBORNE VESSELS; RELATED EQUIPMENT
    • B63BSHIPS OR OTHER WATERBORNE VESSELS; EQUIPMENT FOR SHIPPING 
    • B63B35/00Vessels or similar floating structures specially adapted for specific purposes and not otherwise provided for
    • B63B35/44Floating buildings, stores, drilling platforms, or workshops, e.g. carrying water-oil separating devices
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G9/00Cultivation in receptacles, forcing-frames or greenhouses; Edging for beds, lawn or the like
    • A01G9/14Greenhouses
    • A01G9/1407Greenhouses of flexible synthetic material
    • A01G9/1415Greenhouses of flexible synthetic material with double or multiple walls
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B63SHIPS OR OTHER WATERBORNE VESSELS; RELATED EQUIPMENT
    • B63BSHIPS OR OTHER WATERBORNE VESSELS; EQUIPMENT FOR SHIPPING 
    • B63B35/00Vessels or similar floating structures specially adapted for specific purposes and not otherwise provided for
    • B63B35/44Floating buildings, stores, drilling platforms, or workshops, e.g. carrying water-oil separating devices
    • B63B2035/4493Floating structures supporting vegetation, such as trees, reeds, crops, plants, or the like, e.g. flexible structures
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/10Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in agriculture
    • Y02A40/25Greenhouse technology, e.g. cooling systems therefor

Abstract

The invention discloses combined and assembled offshore greenhouse platforms, wherein a peripheral floating platform and a central floating platform are respectively assembled by outer layer floating cylinders and floating block units, the splicing is simple, the splicing quantity can be adjusted according to needs to change the size of the platform, the flexibility is high, the upper surface of each outer layer floating cylinder is respectively provided with a groove, the adjacent grooves are communicated to form an annular notch for embedding the bottom of a greenhouse frame of the greenhouse, the complete covering of the greenhouse to the central floating platform is ensured, and light-transmitting waterproof cloth is respectively paved on the inner side and the outer side of the greenhouse frame, so that the irrigation erosion of seawater and rainwater on crops in a planting container is effectively isolated, the sealing effect of an inner space is enhanced, and the normal growth of the crops is better ensured.

Description

combined assembled offshore greenhouse platform
Technical Field
The invention relates to the field of floating platforms, in particular to combined assembly type offshore greenhouse platforms.
Background
The islands are natural platforms for ocean resource development, but most islands are far away from land, so that transportation is inconvenient, and the fresh vegetables and fruits required by daily life are needed by island citizens to be planted by themselves to be supplied enough.
When the area of the island is too small, the farmland is relatively difficult to develop, so that the planting operation needs to be carried out by virtue of an offshore platform, but the existing offshore floating platform is lack of consideration for farming, basically does not consider how to isolate the erosion of seawater and rainwater on the planting area, and is difficult to meet the planting requirement.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention aims to provide combined assembled offshore greenhouse platforms capable of preventing plants from being eroded by seawater and rainwater.
The technical scheme adopted by the invention is as follows:
A modular, offshore greenhouse platform, comprising:
the floating platform comprises a floating platform body, a floating platform body and a floating platform control unit, wherein the floating platform body is divided into a peripheral floating platform and a central floating platform positioned in the center of the peripheral floating platform, and the central floating platform is flexibly connected with the peripheral floating platform;
the greenhouse is covered above the floating platform body and comprises a shed frame, and at least layers of light-transmitting waterproof cloth are paved on the inner side and the outer side of the shed frame respectively;
the central floating platform comprises a plurality of floating block units, and each floating block unit comprises a floating block and a planting container arranged on the floating block;
the peripheral floating platform comprises a plurality of outer layer floating barrels, the outer layer floating barrels are adjacent to each other and are rigidly connected with each other, grooves are formed in the upper surfaces of the outer layer floating barrels respectively, and the grooves of the outer layer floating barrels are adjacent to each other and are communicated with each other to form an annular groove for embedding the bottom of the greenhouse.
the light-transmitting waterproof cloth on the inner side and the outer side is separated to form an air layer as an improvement of the technical proposal of the invention.
the shed frame comprises a plurality of rods and steel balls at the tops of the rods, the rods are arranged to form a columnar structure, the lower part of each rod is vertical, the upper part of each rod is bent, and the top end of each rod is fixed on the steel balls.
As an improvement of the technical proposal of the invention, the periphery of the rod piece is sleeved with at least fixed rings.
As an improvement of the technical scheme of the invention, entrances and exits are arranged at the same part of each light-transmitting waterproof cloth, and a seal is arranged at each entrance and exit.
step, as an improvement of the technical scheme of the invention, the outer sides of each outer layer float bowl and each floating block are respectively fixed with a connecting ring, and the adjacent outer layer float bowl and the adjacent floating block are fixedly connected by bolts penetrating through the connecting rings and sleeving nuts.
the peripheral floating platform and the central floating platform are connected by a connecting chain passing through a connecting ring.
step, as the improvement of the technical proposal of the invention, the preparation material of the planting container adopts foamed ceramics, and the planting container is in a semi-ellipsoid shape with a hollow inside.
step, as an improvement of the technical proposal of the invention, the middle part of the floating block is provided with a through hole for the planting container to be clamped in, and the aperture of the through hole is not more than the opening diameter of the planting container.
The invention has the beneficial effects that: according to the combined assembly type offshore greenhouse platform, the peripheral floating platform and the central floating platform are respectively assembled by the outer layer floating cylinders and the floating block units, the splicing is simple, the splicing number can be adjusted according to needs to change the size of the platform, and the flexibility is high; and the upper surface of each outer layer floating barrel is respectively provided with a groove, the adjacent grooves are communicated to form an annular notch for embedding the bottom of a shed frame of the greenhouse, the complete covering of the central floating platform by the greenhouse is ensured, and the light-transmitting waterproof cloth is laid on the inner side and the outer side of the shed frame respectively, so that the irrigation erosion of seawater and rainwater to crops in the planting container is effectively isolated, the airtight effect of the inner space is enhanced, and the normal growth of the crops is better ensured.
Drawings
The invention is further described with reference to the following drawings:
FIG. 1 is an elevational cross-sectional view of the overall structure of an embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a top view of the structure of the floating platform body according to the embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 3 is a schematic structural diagram of a canopy frame according to an embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 4 is a diagram of a connection structure between a peripheral floating platform and a central floating platform according to an embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 5 is a top view of the floating block unit according to the embodiment of the present invention.
Detailed Description
Reference will now be made in detail to the present preferred embodiments of the present invention, examples of which are illustrated in the accompanying drawings, wherein like reference numerals refer to like elements throughout.
In the description of the present invention, it should be understood that the orientation or positional relationship referred to in the description of the orientation, such as the upper, lower, front, rear, left, right, etc., is based on the orientation or positional relationship shown in the drawings, and is only for convenience of description and simplification of description, and does not indicate or imply that the device or element referred to must have a specific orientation, be constructed and operated in a specific orientation, and thus, should not be construed as limiting the present invention.
In the description of the present invention, several means are or more, several means are two or more, more than, less than, exceeding, etc. are not to be construed as including the number, and more than, less than, etc. are to be construed as including the number, if any, and second are only for the purpose of distinguishing technical features, and are not to be construed as indicating or implying relative importance or implicitly indicating the number of technical features indicated or implicitly indicating the precedence of the technical features indicated.
In the description of the present invention, unless otherwise specifically limited, terms such as set, mounted, connected and the like should be understood as meaning, and those skilled in the art can reasonably determine the specific meaning of the terms in the present invention by combining the details of the technical solutions.
Referring to fig. 1 to 5, embodiments of the present invention disclose combined and assembled offshore greenhouse platforms, which include a floating platform body and a greenhouse 2 covered above the floating platform body, as shown in fig. 2, the floating platform body is divided into a peripheral floating platform 11 and a central floating platform 12 located at the center of the peripheral floating platform 11, the central floating platform 12 is flexibly connected to the peripheral floating platform 11, the greenhouse 2 includes a frame 21, layers of light-transmitting waterproof cloth are respectively laid on the inner side and the outer side of the frame 21, in some embodiments, multiple layers of light-transmitting waterproof cloth can be laid on the inner side and the outer side of the frame 21, and the light-transmitting waterproof cloth are stacked.
Specifically, the central floating platform 12 includes a plurality of floating block units, each of which includes a floating block 121 and a planting container 122 disposed on the floating block 121. Meanwhile, the peripheral floating platform 11 comprises a plurality of outer-layer floating pontoons 111, the adjacent outer-layer floating pontoons 111 are rigidly connected, grooves 1111 are respectively formed in the upper surface of each outer-layer floating pontoon 111, and the grooves 1111 of the adjacent outer-layer floating pontoons 111 are mutually communicated to form an annular notch for embedding the bottom of the greenhouse 2.
According to the combined assembly type offshore greenhouse platform, the peripheral floating platform 11 and the central floating platform 12 are respectively formed by assembling the outer layer floating cylinders 111 and the floating block units, the splicing is simple, the splicing quantity can be adjusted according to needs to change the size of the platform, and the flexibility is high; and the upper surface of each outer layer pontoon 111 is provided with a groove 1111 respectively, and adjacent grooves 1111 are communicated to form an annular notch for embedding the bottom of the shed frame 21 of the greenhouse 2, so as to ensure that the greenhouse 2 completely covers the central floating platform 12, and the inner side and the outer side of the shed frame 21 are respectively paved with light-transmitting waterproof cloth, thereby not only effectively isolating irrigation erosion of seawater and rainwater on crops in the planting container 122, but also enhancing the sealing effect of the inner space, and better ensuring that the crops can normally grow.
In the embodiment, preferably, an air layer is formed by separating a gap between the inner side light-transmitting waterproof cloth and the outer side light-transmitting waterproof cloth to enhance the heat insulation performance of the greenhouse platform, avoid the excessive influence of outside cold and wet air on the temperature in the greenhouse and ensure that crops can normally grow at the proper temperature, step is carried out, entrances and exits are arranged at the same part of each light-transmitting waterproof cloth, a seal is arranged at the entrances and exits, the material of the seal is the same as that of the light-transmitting waterproof cloth, and more preferably, the seal is connected with the light-transmitting waterproof cloth through a zipper, so that the operation can ensure the sealing performance of the greenhouse and simultaneously facilitate the opening and closing of the seal by operators.
Specifically, as shown in fig. 3, the frame 21 constituting the greenhouse 2 includes a plurality of rods 211 and steel balls 212 located at the tops of the rods 211, the rods 211 are arranged at equal intervals to form a cylindrical structure, in this embodiment, the rods 211 are arranged and fixed to form a cylindrical structure, steps are performed, the lower portion of each rod 211 is vertical, and the upper portion of each rod 211 is bent toward the center, the top end of each rod 211 is fixed to the steel ball 212, more specifically, a plurality of through holes are preformed in the steel balls 212 for the top end of each rod 211 to penetrate and fix, in order to increase the structural firmness of the frame 21, at least fixing rings 213 are sleeved on the periphery of the rod 211, in this embodiment, two fixing rings 213 are sleeved on the periphery of the rod 211, wherein the fixing ring 213 is located at the bottom end of the rod 211, another fixing ring 213 is disposed at the transition portion between the upper portion and the lower portion of the rod 211, and the rod 211 and the steel balls 212, and the rods 211 and the fixing rings 213 are all.
steps are carried out, at least connecting rings 5 are fixed on the outer sides of the outer layer buoys 111 and the floating blocks 121 respectively, the adjacent outer layer buoys 111 and the adjacent floating blocks 121 penetrate through the connecting rings 5 through bolts and are fixedly connected through nuts in a sleeved mode.
Referring to fig. 4, the peripheral floating platform 11 and the central floating platform 12 of the present embodiment are connected by a connecting chain 3 passing through a connecting ring 5, preferably, the connecting chain 3 is a stainless steel chain, and the length of the connecting chain is determined according to the distance between the connected floating block 121 and the outer pontoon 111, the flexible connection is performed by the connecting chain 3, so that the recovery and adaptability of the floating platform body when encountering sea wave impact can be effectively improved, the environmental adaptability is enhanced while the structural stability is ensured, and is further performed as a preferred step, and a wood board 4 or other connecting plates are laid at the connecting position of the peripheral floating platform 11 and the central floating platform 12, so as to facilitate the walking of operators on the platform.
In the embodiment, the planting container 122 is preferably made of foamed ceramic, the planting container 122 is in a semi-ellipsoidal shape with a hollowed interior, the center of gravity of the planting container 122 is downward along the top end of the ellipsoidal shape, so that the inner cavity can be kept from water when the planting container floats in water, and the planting container can be used for planting vegetables, fruits or other crops after being filled with soil, water, fertilizer and the like.
, in order to better support the planting container 122 and avoid the situation that the planting container 122 easily falls off the floating block 121, the middle part of the floating block 121 of the embodiment is provided with a through hole for the planting container 122 to be clamped in, and the aperture of the through hole is not larger than the opening diameter of the planting container 122. the planting container 122 is clamped on the floating block 121, so that the planting container 122 can be better fixed, and the damage caused by direct collision between adjacent planting containers 122 under the action of sea water fluctuation can be prevented.
The invention is not limited to the above embodiments, and those skilled in the art can make equivalent modifications or substitutions without departing from the spirit of the invention, and such equivalent modifications or substitutions are included in the scope of the claims of the present application.

Claims (9)

1, combination fabricated offshore greenhouse platform, comprising:
the floating platform comprises a floating platform body, a floating platform body and a floating platform control unit, wherein the floating platform body is divided into a peripheral floating platform and a central floating platform positioned in the center of the peripheral floating platform, and the central floating platform is flexibly connected with the peripheral floating platform;
the greenhouse is covered above the floating platform body and comprises a shed frame, and at least layers of light-transmitting waterproof cloth are paved on the inner side and the outer side of the shed frame respectively;
the peripheral floating platform comprises a plurality of outer-layer floating drums, adjacent outer-layer floating drums are rigidly connected, grooves are formed in the upper surface of each outer-layer floating drum, and the grooves of the adjacent outer-layer floating drums are communicated with each other to form an annular groove for embedding the bottom of the shed frame;
the central floating platform comprises a plurality of floating block units, and each floating block unit comprises a floating block and a planting container arranged on the floating block.
2. The combination fabricated offshore greenhouse platform of claim 1, wherein: an air layer is formed between the light-transmitting waterproof cloth on the inner side and the light-transmitting waterproof cloth on the outer side in a spaced mode.
3. The combination fabricated offshore greenhouse platform of claim 1, wherein: the shed frame comprises a plurality of rod pieces and steel balls positioned at the tops of the rod pieces, the rod pieces are arranged to form a columnar structure, the lower portion of each rod piece is vertical, the upper portion of each rod piece is bent, and the top end of each rod piece is fixed on the steel balls.
4. The modular offshore greenhouse platform of claim 3, wherein the rods have at least rings around the rods.
5. The assembled offshore greenhouse platform of claim 1, wherein entrances and exits are provided at the same position of each light-transmitting tarpaulin, and a seal is provided at each entrance and exit.
6. The combination fabricated offshore greenhouse platform of claim 1, wherein: and the outer sides of the outer layer buoys and the floating blocks are respectively fixed with a connecting ring, and the adjacent outer layer buoys and the adjacent floating blocks penetrate through the connecting rings through bolts and are fixedly connected in a sleeved mode through nuts.
7. The combination fabricated offshore greenhouse platform of claim 6, wherein: the peripheral floating platforms are connected with the central floating platform through a connecting chain penetrating through a connecting ring.
8. The combination fabricated offshore greenhouse platform of claim 1, wherein: the planting container is made of foamed ceramic and is of a semi-ellipsoid shape with a hollow interior.
9. The combination fabricated offshore greenhouse platform of claim 8, wherein: the middle part of the floating block is provided with a through hole for the planting container to be clamped in, and the aperture of the through hole is not larger than the opening diameter of the planting container.
CN201910967769.3A 2019-10-12 2019-10-12 combined assembled offshore greenhouse platform Pending CN110733610A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201910967769.3A CN110733610A (en) 2019-10-12 2019-10-12 combined assembled offshore greenhouse platform

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201910967769.3A CN110733610A (en) 2019-10-12 2019-10-12 combined assembled offshore greenhouse platform

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN110733610A true CN110733610A (en) 2020-01-31

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ID=69268734

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CN201910967769.3A Pending CN110733610A (en) 2019-10-12 2019-10-12 combined assembled offshore greenhouse platform

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Country Link
CN (1) CN110733610A (en)

Citations (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP3797555B2 (en) * 2002-12-19 2006-07-19 株式会社荏原製作所 Plant cultivation equipment
CN200994309Y (en) * 2007-01-05 2007-12-26 兰佳春 Floating introduction pot for young mangrove culture
CN102138509A (en) * 2011-03-30 2011-08-03 昆明理工大学 Vegetable greenhouse floating on eutrophic water
CN203554992U (en) * 2013-10-25 2014-04-23 杭州合绿居园艺有限公司 Combined stereoscopic hydroponic pot planting system suitable for water, land and air
CN104273020A (en) * 2014-08-18 2015-01-14 浙江省海洋开发研究院 Floating aquaculture planting box
CN204498894U (en) * 2015-01-28 2015-07-29 福建省农业科学院畜牧兽医研究所 Floating on water surface fruit and vegetable greenhouses device
CN205440787U (en) * 2016-02-04 2016-08-10 福建绿华能源投资有限公司 Surface of water floating platform
CN108934567A (en) * 2018-07-20 2018-12-07 芜湖碧水谣医疗设备科技有限公司 A kind of sea crop-planting device

Patent Citations (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP3797555B2 (en) * 2002-12-19 2006-07-19 株式会社荏原製作所 Plant cultivation equipment
CN200994309Y (en) * 2007-01-05 2007-12-26 兰佳春 Floating introduction pot for young mangrove culture
CN102138509A (en) * 2011-03-30 2011-08-03 昆明理工大学 Vegetable greenhouse floating on eutrophic water
CN203554992U (en) * 2013-10-25 2014-04-23 杭州合绿居园艺有限公司 Combined stereoscopic hydroponic pot planting system suitable for water, land and air
CN104273020A (en) * 2014-08-18 2015-01-14 浙江省海洋开发研究院 Floating aquaculture planting box
CN204498894U (en) * 2015-01-28 2015-07-29 福建省农业科学院畜牧兽医研究所 Floating on water surface fruit and vegetable greenhouses device
CN205440787U (en) * 2016-02-04 2016-08-10 福建绿华能源投资有限公司 Surface of water floating platform
CN108934567A (en) * 2018-07-20 2018-12-07 芜湖碧水谣医疗设备科技有限公司 A kind of sea crop-planting device

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