CN105141222B - Overwater-floating floating agriculture light complementary type photovoltaic power generation apparatus - Google Patents

Overwater-floating floating agriculture light complementary type photovoltaic power generation apparatus Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105141222B
CN105141222B CN201510553645.2A CN201510553645A CN105141222B CN 105141222 B CN105141222 B CN 105141222B CN 201510553645 A CN201510553645 A CN 201510553645A CN 105141222 B CN105141222 B CN 105141222B
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China
Prior art keywords
hull
floating
greenhouse
overwater
power generation
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CN201510553645.2A
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CN105141222A (en
Inventor
庄丽
王慧
赵荣俊
瞿建国
史君海
王以付
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JIANGSU BLUE SKY PHOTOVOLTAIC TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd
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JIANGSU BLUE SKY PHOTOVOLTAIC TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/10Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in agriculture
    • Y02A40/22Improving land use; Improving water use or availability; Controlling erosion
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/50Photovoltaic [PV] energy
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P60/00Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries
    • Y02P60/12Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries using renewable energies, e.g. solar water pumping

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of Overwater-floating floating agriculture light complementary type photovoltaic power generation apparatus, including several hulls, greenhouse and photovoltaic module, several described hulls are connected by attachment means, some groups of columns are provided with each hull, photovoltaic bracket is mounted on each column, photovoltaic module is provided with photovoltaic bracket;It is provided with greenhouse on ship on each hull, kind is implanted with autochthonal plant in greenhouse on ship, is provided with greenhouse between hull between hull, and in the water between hull, i.e., kind is implanted with water plant in greenhouse between hull;Soil is equipped with the hull;The present invention is using ferro-cement boat as floating body, and cost is relatively low, more string photovoltaic module can be put on a ship, and technique is simple, easy to implement.Implement agriculture light complementary type photovoltaic generating system on the water, realize that generating plantation is neglected neither, improve resource utilization.

Description

Overwater-floating floating agriculture light complementary type photovoltaic power generation apparatus
Technical field
The invention belongs to solar-photovoltaic technology field, more particularly to a kind of Overwater-floating floating agriculture light complementary type photovoltaic generation Device.
Background technology
Solar power generation is a kind of emerging regenerative resource, because it is noiseless, pollution-free, the construction period is short, safe and reliable The advantages that favored by more and more people, be widely used, provide new to go out to alleviate energy shortage and problem of environmental pollution Road.
Solar energy power generating is according to photovoltaic effect principle, is converted into solar energy using solar cell Electric energy.Solar photovoltaic generation system includes solar cell board component, controller and inverter, is drawn by system and the relation of power network It is divided into grid-connected and off-network photovoltaic generating system.Although the generation mode advantage is more, it has been found that some shortcomings, such as Establishing a solar power plant needs very big floor space.With increasing substantially for world population, land resource lacks The problems such as getting worse, and Overwater-floating floating photovoltaic generating system effectively breaches the system that land resource is applied to photovoltaic generation About, it may be mounted on the waters surface such as reservoir, lake, pond and water treatment plant, this to land resource scarcity but water body it is numerous Countries and regions for be even more important.Overwater-floating floating photovoltaic generating system can reduce the evaporation capacity in waters, especially as water Storehouse etc., breeding of algae etc. in water can be reduced.
It is water floating body device that researcher, which studies more, at present, and it is the core of Overwater-floating floating photovoltaic power generation apparatus, One of innovative point of this patent is that it is to be bundled into skeleton with reinforcing bar and steel wire, inside and outside as floating body using ferro-cement boat The ship that cement forms is smeared, there is corrosion resistance and durability, is had in agriculture ship, fishing boat and ships that transport etc. extensively Using.Implement the innovative point that agriculture light complementary type photovoltaic generating system is also this patent on the water, the complementation of agriculture light utilizes solar energy The characteristics of volt generating pollution-free zero-emission, organically combined with high-tech greenhouse, i.e., on some or all of sunny slope of greenhouse Photovoltaic solar TRT is laid, realizes that generating plantation is neglected neither, improves resource utilization.Do not have similar use at present Ferro-cement boat realizes the patent of agriculture light complementary type photovoltaic generation as floating body on the water.
Existing water floating body cost is higher and mostly one piece of floating body puts the form of a string of photovoltaic modulies, and manufacture craft is numerous It is trivial;Existing Overwater-floating floating photovoltaic generating system can only generate electricity, and cost is high, uneconomical.
The content of the invention
Goal of the invention:It is existing to solve the invention provides a kind of Overwater-floating floating agriculture light complementary type photovoltaic power generation apparatus Floatation type photovoltaic generating system can only generate electricity in technology reclaimed water, and cost is high, uneconomic problem.
Technical scheme:To achieve these goals, the present invention uses following technical scheme:
A kind of Overwater-floating floating agriculture light complementary type photovoltaic power generation apparatus, including several hulls, greenhouse and photovoltaic module, institute State several hulls by attachment means to connect, some groups of columns are provided with each hull, are mounted on each column Photovoltaic bracket, photovoltaic module is provided with photovoltaic bracket;
Greenhouse on ship is provided with each hull, the interior kind of greenhouse is implanted with autochthonal plant on ship, and ship is provided between hull Greenhouse between body, in the water between hull, i.e., kind is implanted with water plant in greenhouse between hull;
Soil is equipped with the hull.
Further, the attachment means are made up of built-in fitting and connector, wherein every lateral keel and every longitudinal direction The both sides of keel are equipped with several built-in fittings, and the connector hooks the built-in fitting of adjacent vessels relevant position.
Further, the connecting part of the built-in fitting and connector is provided with annulus, and annulus being capable of mutual buckle.
Further, some lateral keels 2 and some longitudinal keels are provided with each hull, and it is all equal Even is arranged on hull;And lateral keel 2 and longitudinal keel 3 are orthogonal.
Further, each hull surrounding is additionally provided with several hull fixing devices;The hull fixing device For drill rod or anchor.
Further, on the ship on greenhouse covered with plastic sheeting, form the material shed of arch-shaped.
Further, between the hull on greenhouse covered with plastic sheeting, and the plastics being covered between hull on greenhouse are thin Film is parallel with the plane of hull.
Further, the column is uniformly arranged on hull;And the column and photovoltaic bracket use steel.
Preferably, the autochthonal plant is the growing plants in soil.
Preferably, the water plant is the growing plants in water.
Preferably, the hull is ferro-cement boat.
Beneficial effect:For the present invention using ferro-cement boat as floating body, cost is relatively low, can put more string on a ship Photovoltaic module, technique is simple, easy to implement.Implement agriculture light complementary type photovoltaic generating system on the water, realize and generate electricity plantation neither By mistake, resource utilization is improved.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the design sketch of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the single bottom body structural representation of the present invention;
Fig. 3 is the structural representation of the present invention;
Fig. 4 is the structural representation of built-in fitting and connector of the present invention;
Wherein:1- hulls, 2- lateral keels, 3- longitudinal keels, 4- hull fixing devices, 5- built-in fittings, 7- connectors, 9- Greenhouse on ship, 10- columns, 11- photovoltaic brackets, the autochthonal plants of 12-, greenhouse between 13- hulls, 14- water plants, 15- photovoltaic groups Part.
Embodiment
The present invention is further described below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings.
As Figure 1-4, a kind of Overwater-floating floating agriculture light complementary type photovoltaic power generation apparatus, including several hulls, greenhouse And photovoltaic module, several described hulls 1 are connected by attachment means, some groups of columns 10 are provided with each hull, often Photovoltaic bracket 11 is mounted on individual column 10, photovoltaic module 15 is provided with photovoltaic bracket 11;
Greenhouse 9 on ship are provided with each hull 1, the interior kind of greenhouse 9 is implanted with autochthonal plant 12 on ship, is set between hull There is a greenhouse 13 between hull, in the water between hull 1, i.e., kind is implanted with water plant 14 in greenhouse 13 between hull;
Soil is equipped with the hull 1.
The attachment means are made up of built-in fitting 5 and connector 7, wherein every lateral keel 2 and every longitudinal keel 3 Both sides are equipped with several built-in fittings 5, and the connector 7 hooks the built-in fitting 5 of relevant position in adjacent vessels 1.
The connecting part of the built-in fitting 5 and connector 7 is provided with annulus, and annulus being capable of mutual buckle;The connection Part is wirerope, the steel tendon formed by more multistrand ropes around a fibre core or Steel cord twisting, before use by Manufactory or steel cable factory carry out pre- tensioning, i.e., certain power and certain time are loaded at the both ends of wirerope, specifically regarding wirerope Specifications and models depending on, be allowed to reach stable state in advance.
Some lateral keels 2 and some longitudinal keels 3, and all uniform row are provided with each hull 1 Cloth is on hull 1;And lateral keel 2 and longitudinal keel 3 are orthogonal.
Each surrounding of hull 1 is additionally provided with several hull fixing devices;The hull fixing device 4 be drill rod or Anchor, hull fixing device are used to fix hull on the water.
Covered with plastic sheeting on greenhouse 9 on the ship, the material shed of arch-shaped is formed.
Covered with plastic sheeting on greenhouse 13 between the hull, and it is covered in plastic sheeting and ship between hull on greenhouse 13 The plane of body 1 is parallel, not arch camber.
The column 10 is uniformly arranged on hull 1;And the column 10 and photovoltaic bracket 11 use steel.
The autochthonal plant 12 is the growing plants in soil, and meets the autochthonal plant of illumination requirement.
The water plant 14 is the growing plants in water, and meets the product of illumination requirement.
The hull 1 is ferro-cement boat, and hull 1 is to be bundled into skeleton with reinforcing bar and steel wire, inside and outside smearing cement and Into ship.
Described above is only the preferred embodiment of the present invention, it should be pointed out that:For the ordinary skill people of the art For member, under the premise without departing from the principles of the invention, some improvements and modifications can also be made, these improvements and modifications also should It is considered as protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (6)

1. a kind of Overwater-floating floating agriculture light complementary type photovoltaic power generation apparatus, including several hulls, greenhouse and photovoltaic module, it is special Sign is:Several described hulls(1)Connected by attachment means, some groups of columns are provided with each hull(10), often Individual column(10)On be mounted on photovoltaic bracket(11), photovoltaic bracket(11)On be provided with photovoltaic module(15);
Each hull(1)On be provided with greenhouse on ship(9), greenhouse on ship(9)Interior kind is implanted with autochthonal plant(12), between hull It is provided with greenhouse between hull(13), hull(1)Between water in, i.e. greenhouse between hull(13)Interior kind is implanted with water plant(14);
The hull(1)Inside it is equipped with soil;
Each hull(1)On be provided with some lateral keels(2)With some longitudinal keels(3), and it is all uniform It is arranged in hull(1)On;And lateral keel(2)And longitudinal keel(3)It is orthogonal;
The attachment means are by built-in fitting(5)And connector(7)Composition, wherein every lateral keel(2)With every longitudinal keel (3)Both sides be equipped with several built-in fittings(5), the connector(7)Hook adjacent vessels(1)Upper relevant position it is pre-buried Part(5);
The built-in fitting(5)And connector(7)Connecting part be provided with annulus, annulus being capable of mutual buckle;
Greenhouse on the ship(9)On covered with plastic sheeting, form the material shed of arch-shaped;Greenhouse between the hull(13)Upper covering There is plastic sheeting, and be covered in greenhouse between hull(13)On plastic sheeting and hull(1)Plane it is parallel.
2. Overwater-floating floating agriculture light complementary type photovoltaic power generation apparatus according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:It is described each Hull(1)Surrounding is additionally provided with several hull fixing devices;The hull fixing device(4)For drill rod or anchor.
3. Overwater-floating floating agriculture light complementary type photovoltaic power generation apparatus according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The column (10)Uniformly it is arranged in hull(1)On;And the column(10)And photovoltaic bracket(11)Use steel.
4. Overwater-floating floating agriculture light complementary type photovoltaic power generation apparatus according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:It is described autochthonal Plant(12)For the growing plants in soil.
5. Overwater-floating floating agriculture light complementary type photovoltaic power generation apparatus according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:It is described aquatic Plant(14)For the growing plant in water.
6. Overwater-floating floating agriculture light complementary type photovoltaic power generation apparatus according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The hull (1)For ferro-cement boat.
CN201510553645.2A 2015-09-02 2015-09-02 Overwater-floating floating agriculture light complementary type photovoltaic power generation apparatus Active CN105141222B (en)

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106712658A (en) * 2017-01-05 2017-05-24 上海佳豪船海工程研究设计有限公司 Power supply system and power supply method for automobile roll-on-roll-off ship

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CN1948672A (en) * 2006-10-24 2007-04-18 台州市金潮渔业发展有限公司 Umbrella type heat insulating canopy
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CN201201705Y (en) * 2008-04-03 2009-03-04 涂添水 Combined ship with double abreast ship hull
CN201378971Y (en) * 2009-03-27 2010-01-13 李金明 Water planting equipment
CN102187795A (en) * 2011-04-19 2011-09-21 周旸鸥 Marine floating sunlight greenhouse with solar photovoltaic power generation system power supply device
CN202847981U (en) * 2012-10-18 2013-04-03 中水北方勘测设计研究有限责任公司 Trimaran dual power remote control surveying vessel
CN104186249A (en) * 2014-09-03 2014-12-10 江阴市船舶设备制造有限公司 Vegetable cultivation shed for ships
CN204498894U (en) * 2015-01-28 2015-07-29 福建省农业科学院畜牧兽医研究所 Floating on water surface fruit and vegetable greenhouses device
CN204993164U (en) * 2015-09-02 2016-01-20 江苏蓝天光伏科技有限公司 Showy formula on water farming light complementary type photovoltaic power generation device

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Patent Citations (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2755001Y (en) * 2004-12-15 2006-02-01 陈国英 Interlinked gas-filled boat
CN1948672A (en) * 2006-10-24 2007-04-18 台州市金潮渔业发展有限公司 Umbrella type heat insulating canopy
CN201046759Y (en) * 2007-05-08 2008-04-16 雷明志 Hydraulic swinging-proof anti-sick ship
CN201201705Y (en) * 2008-04-03 2009-03-04 涂添水 Combined ship with double abreast ship hull
CN201378971Y (en) * 2009-03-27 2010-01-13 李金明 Water planting equipment
CN102187795A (en) * 2011-04-19 2011-09-21 周旸鸥 Marine floating sunlight greenhouse with solar photovoltaic power generation system power supply device
CN202847981U (en) * 2012-10-18 2013-04-03 中水北方勘测设计研究有限责任公司 Trimaran dual power remote control surveying vessel
CN104186249A (en) * 2014-09-03 2014-12-10 江阴市船舶设备制造有限公司 Vegetable cultivation shed for ships
CN204498894U (en) * 2015-01-28 2015-07-29 福建省农业科学院畜牧兽医研究所 Floating on water surface fruit and vegetable greenhouses device
CN204993164U (en) * 2015-09-02 2016-01-20 江苏蓝天光伏科技有限公司 Showy formula on water farming light complementary type photovoltaic power generation device

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